New Zealand History and Culture. New Zealand, New Zealand history, Polynesia, Maori history, New Zealand eBook, New Zealand travel guide, New Zealand facts. New Zealand, Maori Aotearoa, island country in the South Pacific Ocean, the South Westernmost part of Polynesia. The government of New Zealand, Ethnic conflict, People and tradition. Introducation: New Zealand is a remote land one of the last sizable territories suitable for habitation to be populated and settled and lies more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Australia, its nearest neighbour. The country comprises two main islands the North and South islands and a number of small islands, some of them hundreds of miles from the main group. The capital city is Wellington and the largest urban area Auckland; both are located on the North Island.