Search Results for "a-chance-for-change-head-start-and-mississippi-s-black-freedom-struggle-the-john-hope-franklin-series-in-african-american-history-and-culture"

A Chance for Change

A Chance for Change

Head Start and Mississippi's Black Freedom Struggle

  • Author: Crystal R. Sanders
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469627817
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 266
  • View: 2709
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In this innovative study, Crystal Sanders explores how working-class black women, in collaboration with the federal government, created the Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM) in 1965, a Head Start program that not only gave poor black children access to early childhood education but also provided black women with greater opportunities for political activism during a crucial time in the unfolding of the civil rights movement. Women who had previously worked as domestics and sharecroppers secured jobs through CDGM as teachers and support staff and earned higher wages. The availability of jobs independent of the local white power structure afforded these women the freedom to vote in elections and petition officials without fear of reprisal. But CDGM's success antagonized segregationists at both the local and state levels who eventually defunded it. Tracing the stories of the more than 2,500 women who staffed Mississippi's CDGM preschool centers, Sanders's book remembers women who went beyond teaching children their shapes and colors to challenge the state's closed political system and white supremacist ideology and offers a profound example for future community organizing in the South.

Along Freedom Road

Along Freedom Road

Hyde County, North Carolina, and the Fate of Black Schools in the South

  • Author: David S. Cecelski
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 0807860735
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 329
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David Cecelski chronicles one of the most sustained and successful protests of the civil rights movement--the 1968-69 school boycott in Hyde County, North Carolina. For an entire year, the county's black citizens refused to send their children to school in protest of a desegregation plan that required closing two historically black schools in their remote coastal community. Parents and students held nonviolent protests daily for five months, marched twice on the state capitol in Raleigh, and drove the Ku Klux Klan out of the county in a massive gunfight. The threatened closing of Hyde County's black schools collided with a rich and vibrant educational heritage that had helped to sustain the black community since Reconstruction. As other southern school boards routinely closed black schools and displaced their educational leaders, Hyde County blacks began to fear that school desegregation was undermining--rather than enhancing--this legacy. This book, then, is the story of one county's extraordinary struggle for civil rights, but at the same time it explores the fight for civil rights in all of eastern North Carolina and the dismantling of black education throughout the South.

Schools Betrayed

Schools Betrayed

Roots of Failure in Inner-City Education

  • Author: Kathryn M. Neckerman
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226569624
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 2488
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The problems commonly associated with inner-city schools were not nearly as pervasive a century ago, when black children in most northern cities attended school alongside white children. In Schools Betrayed, her innovative history of race and urban education, Kathryn M. Neckerman tells the story of how and why these schools came to serve black children so much worse than their white counterparts. Focusing on Chicago public schools between 1900 and 1960, Neckerman compares the circumstances of blacks and white immigrants, groups that had similarly little wealth and status yet came to gain vastly different benefits from their education. Their divergent educational outcomes, she contends, stemmed from Chicago officials’ decision to deal with rising African American migration by segregating schools and denying black students equal resources. And it deepened, she shows, because of techniques for managing academic failure that only reinforced inequality. Ultimately, these tactics eroded the legitimacy of the schools in Chicago’s black community, leaving educators unable to help their most disadvantaged students. Schools Betrayed will be required reading for anyone who cares about urban education.

The Allure of Order

The Allure of Order

High Hopes, Dashed Expectations, and the Troubled Quest to Remake American Schooling

  • Author: Jal Mehta
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190231459
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 396
  • View: 3514
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Explores why reformers from both the left and right have repeatedly placed such high hopes in these reforms and why teachers and schools have been unable to resist these external reformers.

Freedom Struggles

Freedom Struggles

  • Author: Adriane Danette Lentz-Smith
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674054180
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 5367
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For many of the 200,000 black soldiers sent to Europe with the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I, encounters with French civilians and colonial African troops led them to imagine a world beyond Jim Crow. They returned home to join activists working to make that world real. In narrating the efforts of African American soldiers and activists to gain full citizenship rights as recompense for military service, Adriane Lentz-Smith illuminates how World War I mobilized a generation.

Our Separate Ways

Our Separate Ways

Women and the Black Freedom Movement in Durham, North Carolina

  • Author: Christina Greene
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 0807876372
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 1288
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In an in-depth community study of women in the civil rights movement, Christina Greene examines how several generations of black and white women, low-income as well as more affluent, shaped the struggle for black freedom in Durham, North Carolina. In the city long known as "the capital of the black middle class," Greene finds that, in fact, low-income African American women were the sustaining force for change. Greene demonstrates that women activists frequently were more organized, more militant, and more numerous than their male counterparts. They brought new approaches and strategies to protest, leadership, and racial politics. Arguing that race was not automatically a unifying force, Greene sheds new light on the class and gender fault lines within Durham's black community. While middle-class black leaders cautiously negotiated with whites in the boardroom, low-income black women were coordinating direct action in hair salons and neighborhood meetings. Greene's analysis challenges scholars and activists to rethink the contours of grassroots activism in the struggle for racial and economic justice in postwar America. She provides fresh insight into the changing nature of southern white liberalism and interracial alliances, the desegregation of schools and public accommodations, and the battle to end employment discrimination and urban poverty.

Using Past as Prologue

Using Past as Prologue

Contemporary Perspectives on African American Educational History

  • Author: Dionne Danns,Michelle A. Purdy,Christopher M. Span
  • Publisher: IAP
  • ISBN: 1681231727
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 383
  • View: 958
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In 1978, V. P. Franklin and James D. Anderson coedited New Perspectives on Black Educational History. For Franklin, Anderson, and their contributors, there were glaring gaps in the historiography of Black education that each of the essays began to fill with new information or fresh perspectives. There have been a number of important studies on the history of African American education in the more than three decades since Franklin and Anderson published their volume that has pushed the field forward. Scholars have redefined the views of Black southern schools as simply inferior, demonstrated the active role Blacks had in creating and sustaining their schools, sharpened our understanding of Black teachers’ and educational leaders’ role in educating Black students and themselves with professional development, provided a better understanding and recognition of the struggles in the North (particularly in urban and metropolitan areas), expanded our thinking about school desegregation and community control, and broadened our understanding of Black experiences and activism in higher education and private schools. Our volume will highlight and expand upon the changes to the field over the last three and a half decades. In the shadow of 60th anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education and the 50th anniversary of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, contributors expand on the way African Americans viewed and experienced a variety of educational policies including segregation and desegregation, and the varied options they chose beyond desegregation. The volume covers both the North and South in the 19th and 20th centuries. Contributors explore how educators, administrators, students, and communities responded to educational policies in various settings including K12 public and private schooling and higher education. A significant contribution of the book is showcasing the growing and concentrated work in the era immediately following the Brown decision. Finally, scholars consider the historian’s engagement with recent history, contemporary issues, future directions, methodology, and teaching.

Five Miles Away, A World Apart

Five Miles Away, A World Apart

One City, Two Schools, and the Story of Educational Opportunity in Modern America

  • Author: James E. Ryan
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199798923
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 400
  • View: 517
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How is it that, half a century after Brown v. Board of Education, educational opportunities remain so unequal for black and white students, not to mention poor and wealthy ones? In his important new book, Five Miles Away, A World Apart, James E. Ryan answers this question by tracing the fortunes of two schools in Richmond, Virginia--one in the city and the other in the suburbs. Ryan shows how court rulings in the 1970s, limiting the scope of desegregation, laid the groundwork for the sharp disparities between urban and suburban public schools that persist to this day. The Supreme Court, in accord with the wishes of the Nixon administration, allowed the suburbs to lock nonresidents out of their school systems. City schools, whose student bodies were becoming increasingly poor and black, simply received more funding, a measure that has proven largely ineffective, while the independence (and superiority) of suburban schools remained sacrosanct. Weaving together court opinions, social science research, and compelling interviews with students, teachers, and principals, Ryan explains why all the major education reforms since the 1970s--including school finance litigation, school choice, and the No Child Left Behind Act--have failed to bridge the gap between urban and suburban schools and have unintentionally entrenched segregation by race and class. As long as that segregation continues, Ryan forcefully argues, so too will educational inequality. Ryan closes by suggesting innovative ways to promote school integration, which would take advantage of unprecedented demographic shifts and an embrace of diversity among young adults. Exhaustively researched and elegantly written by one of the nation's leading education law scholars, Five Miles Away, A World Apart ties together, like no other book, a half-century's worth of education law and politics into a coherent, if disturbing, whole. It will be of interest to anyone who has ever wondered why our schools are so unequal and whether there is anything to be done about it.

See Government Grow

See Government Grow

Education Politics from Johnson to Reagan

  • Author: Gareth Davies
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 387
  • View: 4925
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An award-winning historian's pathbreaking book uses federal education policy from the Great Society to Reagan's New Morning to demonstrate how innovative policies become entrenched irrespective of who occupies the White House.

Paulo Freire and the Cold War Politics of Literacy

Paulo Freire and the Cold War Politics of Literacy

  • Author: Andrew J. Kirkendall
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 080783419X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 246
  • View: 5917
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"Paulo Freire and the Cold War Politics of Literacy is a meticulously researched study. Kirkendall offers a sweeping view of Freire's life work across three continents, from northeastern Brazil to Chile, to Harvard University and the World Council of Churches, to Guine-Bissau and Nicaragua, and back to Brazil. This book will be required reading for anyone interested in Freire and the reach of his ideas." Jerry Davila, author of Hotel Tropico: Brazil and the Challenge of African Decolonization, 1950-1980 --

From Head Shops to Whole Foods

From Head Shops to Whole Foods

The Rise and Fall of Activist Entrepreneurs

  • Author: Joshua C. Davis
  • Publisher: Columbia Studies in the Histor
  • ISBN: 9780231171588
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 336
  • View: 4700
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In the 1960s and '70s, a diverse range of storefronts—including head shops, African American bookstores, feminist businesses, and organic grocers—countered corporate power by bringing the work of political movements (the New Left, Black Power, feminism, environmentalism, and more) into the marketplace. Through shared ownership, limited growth, and workplace democracy, these "activist entrepreneurs" offered alternatives to conventional profit-driven business models. By the middle of the 1970s, thousands of these businesses operated across the United States—but only a handful survive today, and some, like Whole Foods Market, have abandoned their quest for collective political change in favor of the pursuit of profits. Vividly portraying the struggles, successes, and sacrifices made by these activist business owners, From Head Shops to Whole Foods writes a new history of social movements and capitalism by showing how activists embraced small businesses in a way few historians have considered. The book rethinks the widespread idea that the work of social movements and political dissent is by definition antithetical to business and market activity. Joshua Clark Davis uncovers the historical roots of contemporary interest in ethical consumption, social enterprise, mission-driven businesses, and buying local while also showing how current companies, both big and small, have adopted the language—but rarely the mission—of liberation and social change.

Radio Free Dixie

Radio Free Dixie

Robert F. Williams and the Roots of Black Power

  • Author: Timothy B. Tyson
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 9780807899014
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 416
  • View: 4294
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This book tells the remarkable story of Robert F. Williams--one of the most influential black activists of the generation that toppled Jim Crow and forever altered the arc of American history. In the late 1950s, as president of the Monroe, North Carolina, branch of the NAACP, Williams and his followers used machine guns, dynamite, and Molotov cocktails to confront Klan terrorists. Advocating "armed self-reliance" by blacks, Williams challenged not only white supremacists but also Martin Luther King Jr. and the civil rights establishment. Forced to flee during the 1960s to Cuba--where he broadcast "Radio Free Dixie," a program of black politics and music that could be heard as far away as Los Angeles and New York City--and then China, Williams remained a controversial figure for the rest of his life. Historians have customarily portrayed the civil rights movement as a nonviolent call on America's conscience--and the subsequent rise of Black Power as a violent repudiation of the civil rights dream. But Radio Free Dixie reveals that both movements grew out of the same soil, confronted the same predicaments, and reflected the same quest for African American freedom. As Robert Williams's story demonstrates, independent black political action, black cultural pride, and armed self-reliance operated in the South in tension and in tandem with legal efforts and nonviolent protest.

The Hardest Deal of All

The Hardest Deal of All

The Battle Over School Integration in Mississippi, 1870-1980

  • Author: Charles C. Bolton
  • Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
  • ISBN: 1604730609
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 301
  • View: 4741
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Race has shaped public education in the Magnolia State, from Reconstruction through the Carter Administration. For The Hardest Deal of All: The Battle Over School Integration in Mississippi, 1870-1980 Charles C. Bolton mines newspaper accounts, interviews, journals, archival records, legal and financial documents, and other sources to uncover the complex story of one of Mississippi's most significant and vexing issues. This history closely examines specific events--the after-math of the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the 1966 protests and counter-demonstrations in Grenada, and the efforts of particular organizations--and carefully considers the broader picture. Despite a separate but equal doctrine established in the late nineteenth century, the state's racially divided school systems quickly developed vast differences in terms of financing, academic resources, teacher salaries, and quality of education. As one of the nation's poorest states, Mississippi could not afford to finance one school system adequately, much less two. For much of the twentieth century, whites fought hard to preserve the dual school system, in which the maintenance of one-race schools became the most important measure of educational quality. Blacks fought equally hard to end segregated schooling, realizing that their schools would remain underfunded and understaffed as long as they were not integrated. Charles C. Bolton is professor and chair of history and co-director of the Center for Oral History and Cultural Heritage at the University of Southern Mississippi in Hattiesburg. He is the coauthor of Mississippi: An Illustrated History and coeditor of The Confessions of Edward Isham: A Poor White Life of the Old South . Bolton's work has also appeared in the Journal of Southern History, Journal of Mississippi History, and Mississippi Folklife .

The War on Poverty

The War on Poverty

A New Grassroots History, 1964-1980

  • Author: Annelise Orleck,Lisa Gayle Hazirjian
  • Publisher: University of Georgia Press
  • ISBN: 0820341843
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 480
  • View: 8489
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Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty has long been portrayed as the most potent symbol of all that is wrong with big government. Conservatives deride the War on Poverty for corruption and the creation of "poverty pimps," and even liberals carefully distance themselves from it. Examining the long War on Poverty from the 1960s onward, this book makes a controversial argument that the programs were in many ways a success, reducing poverty rates and weaving a social safety net that has proven as enduring as programs that came out of the New Deal. The War on Poverty also transformed American politics from the grass roots up, mobilizing poor people across the nation. Blacks in crumbling cities, rural whites in Appalachia, Cherokees in Oklahoma, Puerto Ricans in the Bronx, migrant Mexican farmworkers, and Chinese immigrants from New York to California built social programs based on Johnson's vision of a greater, more just society. Contributors to this volume chronicle these vibrant and largely unknown histories while not shying away from the flaws and failings of the movement--including inadequate funding, co-optation by local political elites, and blindness to the reality that mothers and their children made up most of the poor. In the twenty-first century, when one in seven Americans receives food stamps and community health centers are the largest primary care system in the nation, the War on Poverty is as relevant as ever. This book helps us to understand the turbulent era out of which it emerged and why it remains so controversial to this day.

Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South

Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South

  • Author: Kimberly M. Welch
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 146963645X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 6317
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In the antebellum Natchez district, in the heart of slave country, black people sued white people in all-white courtrooms. They sued to enforce the terms of their contracts, recover unpaid debts, recuperate back wages, and claim damages for assault. They sued in conflicts over property and personal status. And they often won. Based on new research conducted in courthouse basements and storage sheds in rural Mississippi and Louisiana, Kimberly Welch draws on over 1,000 examples of free and enslaved black litigants who used the courts to protect their interests and reconfigure their place in a tense society. To understand their success, Welch argues that we must understand the language that they used--the language of property, in particular--to make their claims recognizable and persuasive to others and to link their status as owner to the ideal of a free, autonomous citizen. In telling their stories, Welch reveals a previously unknown world of black legal activity, one that is consequential for understanding the long history of race, rights, and civic inclusion in America.

The Mis-education of the Negro

The Mis-education of the Negro

  • Author: Carter Godwin Woodson
  • Publisher: ReadaClassic.com
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: African Americans
  • Page: 207
  • View: 7549
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Woodson's classic work of criticism explores how the education received by blacks has failed to give them an appreciation of themselves as a race and their contributions to history. Woodson puts forward a program that calls for the educated to learn about their past and serve the black community. (Education/Teaching)

Making the Unequal Metropolis

Making the Unequal Metropolis

School Desegregation and Its Limits

  • Author: Ansley T. Erickson
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022602525X
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 415
  • View: 765
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List of Oral History and Interview Participants -- Notes -- Index

From slavery to freedom

From slavery to freedom

a history of Negro Americans

  • Author: John Hope Franklin
  • Publisher: Knopf Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780394487861
  • Category: History
  • Page: 548
  • View: 3650
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A People's History of the United States

A People's History of the United States

1492-Present

  • Author: Howard Zinn
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317325303
  • Category: History
  • Page: 744
  • View: 8897
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This is a new edition of the radical social history of America from Columbus to the present. This powerful and controversial study turns orthodox American history upside down to portray the social turmoil behind the "march of progress". Known for its lively, clear prose as well as its scholarly research, A People's History is the only volume to tell America's story from the point of view of - and in the words of - America's women, factory workers, African-Americans, Native Americans, the working poor, and immigrant laborers. As historian Howard Zinn shows, many of America's greatest battles - the fights for fair wage, an eight-hour workday, child-labor laws, health and safety standards, universal suffrage, women's rights, racial equality - were carried out at the grassroots level, against bloody resistance. Covering Christopher Columbus's arrival through the Clinton years A People's History of the United States, which was nominated for the American Book Award in 1981, is an insightful analysis of the most important events in US history.

Slavery by Another Name

Slavery by Another Name

The re-enslavement of black americans from the civil war to World War Two

  • Author: Douglas A. Blackmon
  • Publisher: Icon Books
  • ISBN: 1848314132
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 496
  • View: 4041
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A Pulitzer Prize-winning history of the mistreatment of black Americans. In this 'precise and eloquent work' - as described in its Pulitzer Prize citation - Douglas A. Blackmon brings to light one of the most shameful chapters in American history - an 'Age of Neoslavery' that thrived in the aftermath of the Civil War through the dawn of World War II. Using a vast record of original documents and personal narratives, Blackmon unearths the lost stories of slaves and their descendants who journeyed into freedom after the Emancipation Proclamation and then back into the shadow of involuntary servitude thereafter. By turns moving, sobering and shocking, this unprecedented account reveals these stories, the companies that profited the most from neoslavery, and the insidious legacy of racism that reverberates today.