Search Results for "a-guide-to-plane-algebraic-curves-dolciani-mathematical-expositions"

A Guide to Plane Algebraic Curves

A Guide to Plane Algebraic Curves

  • Author: Keith Kendig
  • Publisher: MAA
  • ISBN: 0883853531
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 193
  • View: 6655
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This Guide is a friendly introduction to plane algebraic curves. It emphasizes geometry and intuition, and the presentation is kept concrete. You'll find an abundance of pictures and examples to help develop your intuition about the subject, which is so basic to understanding and asking fruitful questions. Highlights of the elementary theory are covered, which for some could be an end in itself, and for others an invitation to investigate further. Proofs, when given, are mostly sketched, some in more detail, but typically with less. References to texts that provide further discussion are often included. Computer algebra software has made getting around in algebraic geometry much easier. Algebraic curves and geometry are now being applied to areas such as cryptography, complexity and coding theory, robotics, biological networks, and coupled dynamical systems. Algebraic curves were used in Andrew Wiles' proof of Fermat's Last Theorem, and to understand string theory, you need to know some algebraic geometry. There are other areas on the horizon for which the concepts and tools of algebraic curves and geometry hold tantalizing promise. This introduction to algebraic curves will be appropriate for a wide segment of scientists and engineers wanting an entrance to this burgeoning subject.

A Guide to Advanced Linear Algebra

A Guide to Advanced Linear Algebra

  • Author: Steven H. Weintraub
  • Publisher: MAA
  • ISBN: 0883853515
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 251
  • View: 2847
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Linear algebra occupies a central place in modern mathematics. This book provides a rigorous and thorough development of linear algebra at an advanced level, and is directed at graduate students and professional mathematicians. It approaches linear algebra from an algebraic point of view, but its selection of topics is governed not only for their importance in linear algebra itself, but also for their applications throughout mathematics. Students in algebra, analysis, and topology will find much of interest and use to them, and the careful treatment and breadth of subject matter will make this book a valuable reference for mathematicians throughout their professional lives.Topics treated in this book include: vector spaces and linear transformations; dimension counting and applications; representation of linear transformations by matrices; duality; determinants and their uses; rational and especially Jordan canonical form; bilinear forms; inner product spaces; normal linear transformations and the spectral theorem; and an introduction to matrix groups as Lie groups.The book treats vector spaces in full generality, though it concentrates on the finite dimensional case. Also, it treats vector spaces over arbitrary fields, specializing to algebraically closed fields or to the fields of real and complex numbers as necessary.

A Guide to Groups, Rings, and Fields

A Guide to Groups, Rings, and Fields

  • Author: Fernando Q. Gouvêa
  • Publisher: MAA
  • ISBN: 0883853558
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 309
  • View: 9959
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This Guide offers a concise overview of the theory of groups, rings, and fields at the graduate level, emphasizing those aspects that are useful in other parts of mathematics. It focuses on the main ideas and how they hang together. It will be useful to both students and professionals.In addition to the standard material on groups, rings, modules, fields, and Galois theory, the book includes discussions of other important topics that are often omitted in the standard graduate course, including linear groups, group representations, the structure of Artinian rings, projective, injective and flat modules, Dedekind domains, and central simple algebras. All of the important theorems are discussed, without proofs but often with a discussion of the intuitive ideas behind those proofs.Those looking for a way to review and refresh their basic algebra will benefit from reading this Guide, and it will also serve as a ready reference for mathematicians who make use of algebra in their work.

Conics and Cubics

Conics and Cubics

A Concrete Introduction to Algebraic Curves

  • Author: Robert Bix
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1475729758
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 292
  • View: 5079
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Algebraic curves are the graphs of polynomial equations in two vari 3 ables, such as y3 + 5xy2 = x + 2xy. By focusing on curves of degree at most 3-lines, conics, and cubics-this book aims to fill the gap between the familiar subject of analytic geometry and the general study of alge braic curves. This text is designed for a one-semester class that serves both as a a geometry course for mathematics majors in general and as a sequel to college geometry for teachers of secondary school mathe matics. The only prerequisite is first-year calculus. On the one hand, this book can serve as a text for an undergraduate geometry course for all mathematics majors. Algebraic geometry unites algebra, geometry, topology, and analysis, and it is one of the most exciting areas of modem mathematics. Unfortunately, the subject is not easily accessible, and most introductory courses require a prohibitive amount of mathematical machinery. We avoid this problem by focusing on curves of degree at most 3. This keeps the results tangible and the proofs natural. It lets us emphasize the power of two fundamental ideas, homogeneous coordinates and intersection multiplicities.

Lines and Curves

Lines and Curves

A Practical Geometry Handbook

  • Author: Victor Gutenmacher,N.B. Vasilyev
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1475738099
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 156
  • View: 4736
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Broad appeal to undergraduate teachers, students, and engineers; Concise descriptions of properties of basic planar curves from different perspectives; useful handbook for software engineers; A special chapter---"Geometry on the Web"---will further enhance the usefulness of this book as an informal tutorial resource.; Good mathematical notation, descriptions of properties of lines and curves, and the illustration of geometric concepts facilitate the design of computer graphics tools and computer animation.; Video game designers, for example, will find a clear discussion and illustration of hard-to-understand trajectory design concepts.; Good supplementary text for geometry courses at the undergraduate and advanced high school levels

Plane Algebraic Curves

Plane Algebraic Curves

  • Author: Gerd Fischer
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 0821821229
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 231
  • View: 741
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is an excellent introduction to algebraic geometry, which assumes only standard undergraduate mathematical topics: complex analysis, rings and fields, and topology. Reading this book will help establish the geometric intuition that lies behind the more advanced ideas and techniques used in the study of higher-dimensional varieties.

Sink Or Float

Sink Or Float

Thought Problems in Math and Physics

  • Author: Keith Kendig
  • Publisher: MAA
  • ISBN: 9780883853399
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 375
  • View: 8096
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Sink or Float: Thought Problems in Math and Physics is a collection of problems drawn from mathematics and the real world. Its multiple-choice format forces the reader to become actively involved in deciding upon the answer. The book s aim is to show just how much can be learned by using everyday common sense. The problems are all concrete and understandable by nearly anyone, meaning that not only will students become caught up in some of the questions, but professional mathematicians, too, will easily get hooked. The more than 250 questions cover a wide swath of classical math and physics. Each problem's solution, with explanation, appears in the answer section at the end of the book. A notable feature is the generous sprinkling of boxes appearing throughout the text. These contain historical asides or little-known facts. The problems themselves can easily turn into serious debate-starters, and the book will find a natural home in the classroom.

A Guide to Advanced Real Analysis

A Guide to Advanced Real Analysis

  • Author: G. B. Folland
  • Publisher: MAA
  • ISBN: 9780883853436
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 107
  • View: 4252
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A concise guide to the core material in a graduate level real analysis course.

A Guide to Complex Variables

A Guide to Complex Variables

  • Author: Steven G. Krantz
  • Publisher: MAA
  • ISBN: 9780883853382
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 182
  • View: 3756
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A quick and easy-to-use introduction to the key topics in complex variables, for mathematicians and non-mathematicians alike.

Taming the Unknown

Taming the Unknown

A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century

  • Author: Victor J. Katz,Karen Hunger Parshall
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400850525
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 504
  • View: 4578
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What is algebra? For some, it is an abstract language of x's and y’s. For mathematics majors and professional mathematicians, it is a world of axiomatically defined constructs like groups, rings, and fields. Taming the Unknown considers how these two seemingly different types of algebra evolved and how they relate. Victor Katz and Karen Parshall explore the history of algebra, from its roots in the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, China, and India, through its development in the medieval Islamic world and medieval and early modern Europe, to its modern form in the early twentieth century. Defining algebra originally as a collection of techniques for determining unknowns, the authors trace the development of these techniques from geometric beginnings in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and classical Greece. They show how similar problems were tackled in Alexandrian Greece, in China, and in India, then look at how medieval Islamic scholars shifted to an algorithmic stage, which was further developed by medieval and early modern European mathematicians. With the introduction of a flexible and operative symbolism in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, algebra entered into a dynamic period characterized by the analytic geometry that could evaluate curves represented by equations in two variables, thereby solving problems in the physics of motion. This new symbolism freed mathematicians to study equations of degrees higher than two and three, ultimately leading to the present abstract era. Taming the Unknown follows algebra’s remarkable growth through different epochs around the globe.

Elementary Algebraic Geometry

Elementary Algebraic Geometry

Second Edition

  • Author: Keith Kendig
  • Publisher: Courier Dover Publications
  • ISBN: 048680187X
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 7174
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Designed to make learning introductory algebraic geometry as easy as possible, this text is intended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students who have taken a one-year course in algebra and are familiar with complex analysis. This newly updated second edition enhances the original treatment's extensive use of concrete examples and exercises with numerous figures that have been specially redrawn in Adobe Illustrator. An introductory chapter that focuses on examples of curves is followed by a more rigorous and careful look at plane curves. Subsequent chapters explore commutative ring theory and algebraic geometry as well as varieties of arbitrary dimension and some elementary mathematics on curves. Upon finishing the text, students will have a foundation for advancing in several different directions, including toward a further study of complex algebraic or analytic varieties or to the scheme-theoretic treatments of algebraic geometry. 2015 edition.

Geometric Methods and Applications

Geometric Methods and Applications

For Computer Science and Engineering

  • Author: Jean Gallier
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461301378
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 566
  • View: 2644
DOWNLOAD NOW »
As an introduction to fundamental geometric concepts and tools needed for solving problems of a geometric nature using a computer, this book fills the gap between standard geometry books, which are primarily theoretical, and applied books on computer graphics, computer vision, or robotics that do not cover the underlying geometric concepts in detail. Gallier offers an introduction to affine, projective, computational, and Euclidean geometry, basics of differential geometry and Lie groups, and explores many of the practical applications of geometry. Some of these include computer vision, efficient communication, error correcting codes, cryptography, motion interpolation, and robot kinematics. This comprehensive text covers most of the geometric background needed for conducting research in computer graphics, geometric modeling, computer vision, and robotics and as such will be of interest to a wide audience including computer scientists, mathematicians, and engineers.

Making Transcendence Transparent

Making Transcendence Transparent

An intuitive approach to classical transcendental number theory

  • Author: Edward B. Burger,Robert Tubbs
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1475741146
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 263
  • View: 3214
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is the first book that makes the difficult and important subject of transcendental number theory accessible to undergraduate mathematics students. Edward Burger is one of the authors of The Heart of Mathematics, winner of a 2001 Robert W. Hamilton Book Award. He will also be awarded the 2004 Chauvenet Prize, one of the most prestigious MAA prizes for outstanding exposition.

Geometry Illuminated

Geometry Illuminated

An Illustrated Introduction to Euclidean and Hyperbolic Plane Geometry

  • Author: Matthew Harvey
  • Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America
  • ISBN: 1939512115
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 560
  • View: 9839
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Geometry Illuminated is an introduction to geometry in the plane, both Euclidean and hyperbolic. It is designed to be used in an undergraduate course on geometry, and as such, its target audience is undergraduate math majors. However, much of it should be readable by anyone who is comfortable with the language of mathematical proof. Throughout, the goal is to develop the material patiently. One of the more appealing aspects of geometry is that it is a very "visual" subject. This book hopes to takes full advantage of that, with an extensive use of illustrations as guides. Geometry Illuminated is divided into four principal parts. Part 1 develops neutral geometry in the style of Hilbert, including a discussion of the construction of measure in that system, ultimately building up to the Saccheri-Legendre Theorem. Part 2 provides a glimpse of classical Euclidean geometry, with an emphasis on concurrence results, such as the nine-point circle. Part 3 studies transformations of the Euclidean plane, beginning with isometries and ending with inversion, with applications and a discussion of area in between. Part 4 is dedicated to the development of the Poincaré disk model, and the study of geometry within that model. While this material is traditional, Geometry Illuminated does bring together topics that are generally not found in a book at this level. Most notably, it explicitly computes parametric equations for the pseudosphere and its geodesics. It focuses less on the nature of axiomatic systems for geometry, but emphasizes rather the logical development of geometry within such a system. It also includes sections dealing with trilinear and barycentric coordinates, theorems that can be proved using inversion, and Euclidean and hyperbolic tilings.

Undergraduate Algebraic Geometry

Undergraduate Algebraic Geometry

  • Author: Miles Reid
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521356626
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 129
  • View: 9273
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This short and readable introduction to algebraic geometry will be ideal for all undergraduate mathematicians coming to the subject for the first time.

A Guide to Functional Analysis

A Guide to Functional Analysis

  • Author: Steven G. Krantz
  • Publisher: MAA
  • ISBN: 0883853574
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 150
  • View: 1755
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a quick but precise and careful introduction to the subject of functional analysis. It covers the basic topics that can be found in a basic graduate analysis text. But it also covers more sophisticated topics such as spectral theory, convexity, and fixed-point theorems. A special feature of the book is that it contains a great many examples and even some applications. It concludes with a statement and proof of Lomonosov's dramatic result about invariant subspaces.

A Guide to Elementary Number Theory

A Guide to Elementary Number Theory

  • Author: Underwood Dudley
  • Publisher: MAA
  • ISBN: 9780883853474
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 141
  • View: 9910
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"A Guide to Elementary Number Theory is a 140-page exposition of the topics considered in a first course in number theory. It is intended for those who may have seen the material before but have half-forgotten it, and also for those who may have misspent their youth by not having a course in number theory and who want to see what it is about without having to wade through traditional texts, some of which approach 500 pages in length. It will be especially useful to graduate students preparing for qualifying exams. Though Plato did not quite say, "He is unworthy of the name of man who does not know which integers are the sums of two squares," he came close. This guide can make everyone more worthy."--P. [4] of cover.

Geometry Revealed

Geometry Revealed

A Jacob's Ladder to Modern Higher Geometry

  • Author: Marcel Berger
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540709978
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 831
  • View: 2450
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Both classical geometry and modern differential geometry have been active subjects of research throughout the 20th century and lie at the heart of many recent advances in mathematics and physics. The underlying motivating concept for the present book is that it offers readers the elements of a modern geometric culture by means of a whole series of visually appealing unsolved (or recently solved) problems that require the creation of concepts and tools of varying abstraction. Starting with such natural, classical objects as lines, planes, circles, spheres, polygons, polyhedra, curves, surfaces, convex sets, etc., crucial ideas and above all abstract concepts needed for attaining the results are elucidated. These are conceptual notions, each built "above" the preceding and permitting an increase in abstraction, represented metaphorically by Jacob's ladder with its rungs: the 'ladder' in the Old Testament, that angels ascended and descended... In all this, the aim of the book is to demonstrate to readers the unceasingly renewed spirit of geometry and that even so-called "elementary" geometry is very much alive and at the very heart of the work of numerous contemporary mathematicians. It is also shown that there are innumerable paths yet to be explored and concepts to be created. The book is visually rich and inviting, so that readers may open it at random places and find much pleasure throughout according their own intuitions and inclinations. Marcel Berger is t he author of numerous successful books on geometry, this book once again is addressed to all students and teachers of mathematics with an affinity for geometry.

Reading, Writing, and Proving

Reading, Writing, and Proving

A Closer Look at Mathematics

  • Author: Ulrich Daepp,Pamela Gorkin
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1441994793
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 378
  • View: 4779
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book, which is based on Pólya's method of problem solving, aids students in their transition from calculus (or precalculus) to higher-level mathematics. The book begins by providing a great deal of guidance on how to approach definitions, examples, and theorems in mathematics and ends with suggested projects for independent study. Students will follow Pólya's four step approach: analyzing the problem, devising a plan to solve the problem, carrying out that plan, and then determining the implication of the result. In addition to the Pólya approach to proofs, this book places special emphasis on reading proofs carefully and writing them well. The authors have included a wide variety of problems, examples, illustrations and exercises, some with hints and solutions, designed specifically to improve the student's ability to read and write proofs. Historical connections are made throughout the text, and students are encouraged to use the rather extensive bibliography to begin making connections of their own. While standard texts in this area prepare students for future courses in algebra, this book also includes chapters on sequences, convergence, and metric spaces for those wanting to bridge the gap between the standard course in calculus and one in analysis.

Philosophical Dimensions in Mathematics Education

Philosophical Dimensions in Mathematics Education

  • Author: Karen Francois,Jean Paul Van Bendegem
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0387715754
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 242
  • View: 7198
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book brings together diverse recent developments exploring the philosophy of mathematics in education. The unique combination of ethnomathematics, philosophy, history, education, statistics and mathematics offers a variety of different perspectives from which existing boundaries in mathematics education can be extended. The ten chapters in this book offer a balance between philosophy of and philosophy in mathematics education. Attention is paid to the implementation of a philosophy of mathematics within the mathematics curriculum.