Search Results for "a-political-history-of-the-world"

Die Macht der einen Zahl

Die Macht der einen Zahl

Eine politische Geschichte des Bruttoinlandsprodukts

  • Author: Philipp Lepenies
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 3518733478
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 186
  • View: 8380
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Keine statistische Kennzahl beeinflusst die aktuelle Politik stärker als das Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP). Noch in den dreißiger Jahren existierten in England und in den USA unterschiedliche Vorstellungen davon, wie sich wirtschaftliche Vorgänge in Zahlen abbilden ließen. Nur eine dieser Methoden, der Vorläufer des BIP, bewährte sich im Zweiten Weltkrieg als Planungs- und Informationsinstrument und wurde in der Nachkriegszeit von den USA mit aller politischen Macht im Westen als Standard etabliert. Zusammen mit der Idee des Wachstums gab diese Methode Hoffnung auf eine Zukunft unendlichen materiellen Wohlstands. Obwohl mit seiner Hilfe nur ganz bestimmte Probleme gelöst werden sollten, monopolisiert das BIP seitdem den Blick auf wirtschaftliche Zusammenhänge.

The Disenchantment of the World

The Disenchantment of the World

A Political History of Religion

  • Author: Marcel Gauchet
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691029375
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 228
  • View: 5581
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This text reinterprets the modern West's development in terms of mankind's relationship to religion. It argues that the development of human political and psychological autonomy must be understood against the growth of the concept of divine power and its increasing distance from human activity.

Die Macht der Geographie

Die Macht der Geographie

Wie sich Weltpolitik anhand von 10 Karten erklären lässt

  • Author: Tim Marshall
  • Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag
  • ISBN: 3423428562
  • Category: History
  • Page: 304
  • View: 2758
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Wie Geografie Geschichte macht Weltpolitik ist auch Geopolitik. Alle Regierungen, alle Staatschefs unterliegen den Zwängen der Geographie. Berge und Ebenen, Flüsse, Meere, Wüsten setzen ihrem Entscheidungsspielraum Grenzen. Um Geschichte und Politik zu verstehen, muss man selbstverständlich die Menschen, die Ideen, die Einstellungen kennen. Aber wenn man die Geographie nicht mit einbezieht, bekommt man kein vollständiges Bild. Zum Beispiel Russland: Von den Moskauer Großfürsten über Iwan den Schrecklichen, Peter den Großen und Stalin bis hin zu Wladimir Putin sah sich jeder russische Staatschef denselben geostrategischen Problemen ausgesetzt, egal ob im Zarismus, im Kommunismus oder im kapitalistischen Nepotismus. Die meisten Häfen frieren immer noch ein halbes Jahr zu. Nicht gut für die Marine. Die nordeuropäische Tiefebene von der Nordsee bis zum Ural ist immer noch flach. Jeder kann durchmarschieren. Russland, China, die USA, Europa, Afrika, Lateinamerika, der Nahe Osten, Indien und Pakistan, Japan und Korea, die Arktis und Grönland: In zehn Kapiteln zeigt Tim Marshall, wie die Geographie die Weltpolitik beeinflusst und beeinflusst hat.

A Political History of the World

A Political History of the World

Three Thousand Years of War and Peace

  • Author: Jonathan Holslag
  • Publisher: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0241352053
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3072
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A three-thousand year history of the world that examines the causes of war and the search for peace In three thousand years of history, China has spent at least eleven centuries at war. The Roman Empire was in conflict during at least 50 per cent of its lifetime. Since 1776, the United States has spent over one hundred years at war. The dream of peace has been universal in the history of humanity. So why have we so rarely been able to achieve it? In A Political History of the World, Jonathan Holslag has produced a sweeping history of the world, from the Iron Age to the present, that investigates the causes of conflict between empires, nations and peoples and the attempts at diplomacy and cosmopolitanism. A birds-eye view of three thousand years of history, the book illuminates the forces shaping world politics from Ancient Egypt to the Han Dynasty, the Pax Romana to the rise of Islam, the Peace of Westphalia to the creation of the United Nations. This truly global approach enables Holslag to search for patterns across different eras and regions, and explore larger questions about war, diplomacy, and power. Has trade fostered peace? What are the limits of diplomacy? How does environmental change affect stability? Is war a universal sin of power? At a time when the threat of nuclear war looms again, this is a much-needed history intended for students of international politics, and anyone looking for a background on current events.

Wealth and Democracy

Wealth and Democracy

How Great Fortunes and Government Created America's Aristocracy

  • Author: Kevin Phillips
  • Publisher: Broadway Books
  • ISBN: 0767911512
  • Category: History
  • Page: 368
  • View: 600
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For more than thirty years, Kevin Phillips' insight into American politics and economics has helped to make history as well as record it. His bestselling books, including The Emerging Republican Majority (1969) and The Politics of Rich and Poor (1990), have influenced presidential campaigns and changed the way America sees itself. Widely acknowledging Phillips as one of the nation's most perceptive thinkers, reviewers have called him a latter-day Nostradamus and our "modern Thomas Paine." Now, in the first major book of its kind since the 1930s, he turns his attention to the United States' history of great wealth and power, a sweeping cavalcade from the American Revolution to what he calls "the Second Gilded Age" at the turn of the twenty-first century. The Second Gilded Age has been staggering enough in its concentration of wealth to dwarf the original Gilded Age a hundred years earlier. However, the tech crash and then the horrible events of September 11, 2001, pointed out that great riches are as vulnerable as they have ever been. In Wealth and Democracy, Kevin Phillips charts the ongoing American saga of great wealth–how it has been accumulated, its shifting sources, and its ups and downs over more than two centuries. He explores how the rich and politically powerful have frequently worked together to create or perpetuate privilege, often at the expense of the national interest and usually at the expense of the middle and lower classes. With intriguing chapters on history and bold analysis of present-day America, Phillips illuminates the dangerous politics that go with excessive concentration of wealth. Profiling wealthy Americans–from Astor to Carnegie and Rockefeller to contemporary wealth holders–Phillips provides fascinating details about the peculiarly American ways of becoming and staying a multimillionaire. He exposes the subtle corruption spawned by a money culture and financial power, evident in economic philosophy, tax favoritism, and selective bailouts in the name of free enterprise, economic stimulus, and national security. Finally, Wealth and Democracy turns to the history of Britain and other leading world economic powers to examine the symptoms that signaled their declines–speculative finance, mounting international debt, record wealth, income polarization, and disgruntled politics–signs that we recognize in America at the start of the twenty-first century. In a time of national crisis, Phillips worries that the growing parallels suggest the tide may already be turning for us all. From the Hardcover edition.

A Political History of Pakistan, 1947-2007

A Political History of Pakistan, 1947-2007

  • Author: V.Y. Belokrenitsky,V.N. Moskalenko
  • Publisher: OUP Pakistan
  • ISBN: 9780199063802
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 520
  • View: 5266
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The authors characterize main features and trends in the political history of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The book highlights aims and achievements of different governments. The foreign policy is analyzed in the context of regional and global situation, with special regard to the relations between Pakistan and the USSR/Russia.

A Political History of the USA

A Political History of the USA

One Nation Under God

  • Author: Bruce Kuklick
  • Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN: 1137014059
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 5172
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A fresh and engaging account of America's history from the 15th century to the 21st that navigates complexities without oversimplifying or assuming prior knowledge. Kuklick focuses on politics, but places this in the context of religious culture and emphasizes the assertive expansion at the heart of the development of the U.S.

Social and Political History of the Jews in Poland 1919-1939

Social and Political History of the Jews in Poland 1919-1939

  • Author: Joseph Marcus
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110838680
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 587
  • View: 6562
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Timelines

Timelines

A Political History of the Modern World

  • Author: John Rees
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136337245
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 222
  • View: 4865
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War and revolution, economic crises and political conflict are the very stuff of modern history. This guide to the last 100 years of great power conflict, social rebellion, strikes and protests gives us the essential history of the world in which we live. Based on the Timeline TV series this is a rapid and accessible guide for those who want to know how power is exercised, by who, and for what purposes in the modern world. From the rise and fall of great empires in two world wars, the Cold War and the ‘war on terror’ through to the rise of China Timelines describes the shifts in the imperial structure of the world. And it looks at the impact of those changes in the conflict zones of the 21st century, including Afghanistan, Iraq and Iran. Finally Timelines looks at moments of popular resistance, from the Russian and Spanish revolutions to the fall of Apartheid in the 1990s and the ongoing socialist experiment that is Hugo Chavez’s Venezuela. We live in turbulent times. These essays show us how we got here and outline the forces that are going to shape the history of the 21st century.

A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994

A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994

  • Author: Arnold Hughes,David Perfect
  • Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
  • ISBN: 9781580462303
  • Category: History
  • Page: 530
  • View: 7146
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The only complete study of modern Gambian politics from the establishment of British rule to the overthrow of the Jawara government.

A political history of the Olympic Games

A political history of the Olympic Games

  • Author: David B. Kanin
  • Publisher: Westview Pr
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Sports & Recreation
  • Page: 161
  • View: 2080
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Empire in Waves

Empire in Waves

A Political History of Surfing

  • Author: Scott Laderman
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520279107
  • Category: History
  • Page: 256
  • View: 9284
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Surfing today evokes many things: thundering waves, warm beaches, bikinis and lifeguards, and carefree pleasure. But is the story of surfing really as simple as popular culture suggests? In this first international political history of the sport, Scott Laderman shows that while wave riding is indeed capable of stimulating tremendous pleasure, its globalization went hand in hand with the blood and repression of the long twentieth century. Emerging as an imperial instrument in post-annexation Hawaii, spawning a form of tourism that conquered the littoral Third World, tracing the struggle against South African apartheid, and employed as a diplomatic weapon in America's Cold War arsenal, the saga of modern surfing is only partially captured by Gidget, the Beach Boys, and the film Blue Crush. From nineteenth-century American empire-building in the Pacific to the low-wage labor of the surf industry today, Laderman argues that surfing in fact closely mirrored American foreign relations. Yet despite its less-than-golden past, the sport continues to captivate people worldwide. Whether in El Salvador or Indonesia or points between, the modern history of this cherished pastime is hardly an uncomplicated story of beachside bliss. Sometimes messy, occasionally contentious, but never dull, surfing offers us a whole new way of viewing our globalized world.

A Political History of Uganda

A Political History of Uganda

  • Author: Samwiri Rubaraza Karugire
  • Publisher: Nairobi ; Exeter, N.H., U.S.A. : Heinemann Educational Books
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Ouganda - Politique et gouvernement
  • Page: 247
  • View: 2553
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Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia

Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia

A Political History of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949

  • Author: Andrew D. W. Forbes
  • Publisher: CUP Archive
  • ISBN: 9780521255141
  • Category: History
  • Page: 376
  • View: 9529
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This book provides a detailed study of Sinkiang - China's largest province, and of great strategic importance on the Russian border during the Warlord and Kuomintang Eras. It is an analysis of the internal warlord and Islamic politics of Sinkiang, as well as to take account of 'great power' interests in this region, during a period in which it was essentially a Han Chinese colony in the heart of Central Asia. The study is of relevance not only to the history of twentieth-century China, but also to the politics of Islamic reassertion in Central Asia; to the development of the Soviet Union as an imperial power in the Tsarist Russian mould; to an understanding of the cultural and political aspirations of China's national minorities; and should serve - in a world preoccupied with 'Western' colonialism and imperialism - as a reminder that colonial kin and imperialism was not, and is not, an exclusively European preserve.

The Power of a Single Number

The Power of a Single Number

A Political History of GDP

  • Author: Philipp Lepenies
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231541430
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 192
  • View: 6345
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Widely used since the mid-twentieth century, GDP (gross domestic product) has become the world's most powerful statistical indicator of national development and progress. Practically all governments adhere to the idea that GDP growth is a primary economic target, and while criticism of this measure has grown, neither its champions nor its detractors deny its central importance in our political culture. In The Power of a Single Number, Philipp Lepenies recounts the lively history of GDP's political acceptance—and eventual dominance. Locating the origins of GDP measurements in Renaissance England, Lepenies explores the social and political factors that originally hindered its use. It was not until the early 1900s that an ingenuous lone-wolf economist revived and honed GDP's statistical approach. These ideas were then extended by John Maynard Keynes, and a more focused study of national income was born. American economists furthered this work by emphasizing GDP's ties to social well-being, setting the stage for its ascent. GDP finally achieved its singular status during World War II, assuming the importance it retains today. Lepenies's absorbing account helps us understand the personalities and popular events that propelled GDP to supremacy and clarifies current debates over the wisdom of the number's rule.

Culture and Political History of Kashmir

Culture and Political History of Kashmir

  • Author: P. N. K. Bamzai
  • Publisher: M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  • ISBN: 9788185880310
  • Category: Jammu and Kashmir (India)
  • Page: 882
  • View: 7669
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Trieglaff

Trieglaff

Eine pommersche Lebenswelt zwischen Kirche und Politik. 1807-1948

  • Author: Rudolf von Thadden
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 294
  • View: 7573
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The Mountain

The Mountain

A Political History from the Enlightenment to the Present

  • Author: Bernard Debarbieux,Gilles Rudaz
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022603125X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 9490
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In The Mountain, geographers Bernard Debarbieux and Gilles Rudaz trace the origins of the very concept of a mountain, showing how it is not a mere geographic feature but ultimately an idea, one that has evolved over time, influenced by changes in political climates and cultural attitudes. To truly understand mountains, they argue, we must view them not only as material realities but as social constructs, ones that can mean radically different things to different people in different settings. From the Enlightenment to the present day, and using a variety of case studies from all the continents, the authors show us how our ideas of and about mountains have changed with the times and how a wide range of policies, from border delineation to forestry as well as nature protection and social programs, have been shaped according to them. A rich hybrid analysis of geography, history, culture, and politics, the book promises to forever change the way we look at mountains.

A Political History of the American Welfare System

A Political History of the American Welfare System

When Ideas Have Consequences

  • Author: Brendon O'Connor
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780742526686
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 293
  • View: 7744
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How did American welfare policy move from the ambitious and altruistic goals of LBJ's Great Society of the 1960s to the punitive and penurious provisions of the Personal Responsibility and Work Reconciliation Act of 1996? This book explores the power of ideology and rhetoric in the transformation of the American liberal welfare state. Based on historical analysis, detailed public policy critique, and original interview data, the story that unfolds is one of both personality and politics. Author Brendon O'Connor places the American welfare policy debate in wider perspective, showing how America's particular use of ideas and conceptions of economics and politics worked to reshape the national perception of poverty, morality, and economic responsibility over time. Through wide reading, close textual analysis, and dozens of talks with liberal and conservative figures including Peter Edelman, David Ellwood, Ron Haskins, and Representatives E. Clay Shaw, Jr., Jim McCrery, and Sandy Levin, O'Connor dramatically demonstrates the shift in American welfare policy from left to right. This acute outside perspective enables us to see clearly just how we have arrived at the current post-liberal welfare era in the United States.

Power Games

Power Games

A Political History of the Olympics

  • Author: Jules Boykoff
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1784780731
  • Category: Sports & Recreation
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9946
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A timely, no-holds barred, critical political history of the modern Olympic Games The Olympics have a checkered, sometimes scandalous, political history. Jules Boykoff, a former US Olympic team member, takes readers from the event’s nineteenth-century origins, through the Games’ flirtation with Fascism, and into the contemporary era of corporate control. Along the way he recounts vibrant alt-Olympic movements, such as the Workers’ Games and Women’s Games of the 1920s and 1930s as well as athlete-activists and political movements that stood up to challenge the Olympic machine. From the Trade Paperback edition.