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A Reader in Medical Anthropology

A Reader in Medical Anthropology

Theoretical Trajectories, Emergent Realities

  • Author: Byron J. Good,Michael M. J. Fischer,Sarah S. Willen,Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1405183152
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 5636
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A Reader in Medical Anthropology: Theoretical Trajectories, Emergent Realities brings together articles from the key theoretical approaches in the field of medical anthropology as well as related science and technology studies. The editors’ comprehensive introductions evaluate the historical lineages of these approaches and their value in addressing critical problems associated with contemporary forms of illness experience and health care. Presents a key selection of both classic and new agenda-setting articles in medical anthropology Provides analytic and historical contextual introductions by leading figures in medical anthropology, medical sociology, and science and technology studies Critically reviews the contribution of medical anthropology to a new global health movement that is reshaping international health agendas

A Reader in Medical Anthropology

A Reader in Medical Anthropology

Theoretical Trajectories, Emergent Realities

  • Author: Byron J. Good,Michael M. J. Fischer,Sarah S. Willen,Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
  • ISBN: 9781405183147
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 614
  • View: 2079
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A Reader in Medical Anthropology: Theoretical Trajectories, Emergent Realities brings together articles from the key theoretical approaches in the field of medical anthropology as well as related science and technology studies. The editors’ comprehensive introductions evaluate the historical lineages of these approaches and their value in addressing critical problems associated with contemporary forms of illness experience and health care. Presents a key selection of both classic and new agenda-setting articles in medical anthropology Provides analytic and historical contextual introductions by leading figures in medical anthropology, medical sociology, and science and technology studies Critically reviews the contribution of medical anthropology to a new global health movement that is reshaping international health agendas

The Anthropology of Citizenship

The Anthropology of Citizenship

A Reader

  • Author: Sian Lazar
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
  • ISBN: 1118412915
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 6244
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The Anthropology of Citizenship introduces thetheoretical foundations of and cutting edge approaches tocitizenship in the contemporary world, in local, national andglobal contexts. Key readings provide a cross-cultural perspectiveon citizenship practices, and an individual citizen’srelationship with the state. Introduces a range of exciting and cutting edge approaches tocitizenship in the contemporary world Provides key readings for students and researchers who wish togain an understanding of citizenship practices, and anindividual’s relationship with the state in a globalcontext Offers an anthropological perspective on citizenship, the selfand political agency, with a focus on encounters between citizensand the state in education, law, development, and immigrationpolicy Provides students with an understanding of the theoreticalfoundations of citizenship, as characterized by liberal and civicrepublican ideas of political belonging and exclusion Explores how citizenship is constructed at different scales andin different spaces Twenty-five key writings identify what is a new and vibrantsubfield within politics and anthropological research

Medical Anthropology at the Intersections

Medical Anthropology at the Intersections

Histories, Activisms, and Futures

  • Author: Marcia C. Inhorn,Emily A. Wentzell
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822352702
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 342
  • View: 3506
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In Medical Anthropololgy at the Intersections, leading figures in medical anthropology reflect on the field s past, present, and future, considering how it has developed dynamically in relation to activism, other anthropological subfields, and other disciplines.

Medicine, Rationality and Experience

Medicine, Rationality and Experience

An Anthropological Perspective

  • Author: Byron Good
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521425766
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 242
  • View: 3947
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Medicine supposedly offers a scientific account of the human body and of illness, and it follows that scientific medicine treats all forms of folk medicine as little more than superstitious practices. Professor Good argues that this impoverished perspective neglects many facets of Western medical practice and obscures its kinship with healing in other traditions. Drawing on his own anthropological research in America and the Middle East, his analysis of illness and medicine explores the role of cultural factors in the experience of illness and the practice of medicine.

Curing and Healing

Curing and Healing

Medical Anthropology in Global Perspective

  • Author: Andrew Strathern,Pamela J. Stewart
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781594605925
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 268
  • View: 6175
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This popular book draws on a rich array of ethnographic cases from around the world to demonstrate the complexities of ideas and practices that surround the health of the human body, and how health is impacted by the beliefs and practices of the community. In addition to comprehensive updating and revision throughout the text, this second edition contains expanded materials on the epidemiology of malaria and tuberculosis and further reflections on both doctor-patient communication in contemporary settings and issues on the role of ritual in healing processes. Also, discussions of ethnopsychiatry and "alternative" medicine are expanded. Throughout history and throughout the world today, problems of health, sickness, and medical treatment have been intimately interwoven with social, cultural, and political life generally. Medical anthropology deals with these problems, recognizing the deep connections between cultural patterns, historical change, and life processes. Case studies in this book are drawn from around the world, including: Australia and the Pacific, China, India, Israel, Japan, Korea, Mexico, and the Americas generally. The authors make particular use of materials from their research in Papua New Guinea. This book is intended as a textbook usable for both anthropology courses and courses for medical students. The topics covered include a survey of earlier works in medical anthropology, regimens of bodily treatment, sex and reproduction, medical pluralism, doctor-patient communication, epidemiology, ethnopsychiatry illness and the emotions, and how new diseases have altered the ways in which individuals see themselves and how "traditional" practices alter to accommodate new diseases. This book is part of the Ethnographic Studies in Medical Anthropology Series, edited by Pamela J. Stewart and Andrew Strathern, Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh.

Ethnographic Fieldwork

Ethnographic Fieldwork

An Anthropological Reader

  • Author: Antonius C. G. M. Robben,Jeffrey A. Sluka
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470657154
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 654
  • View: 5024
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Newly revised, Ethnographic Fieldwork: An Anthropological Reader Second Edition provides readers with a picture of the breadth, variation, and complexity of fieldwork. The updated selections offer insight into the ethnographer?s experience of gathering and analyzing data, and a richer understanding of the conflicts, hazards and ethical challenges of pursuing fieldwork around the globe. Offers an international collection of classic and contemporary readings to provide students with a broad understanding of historical, methodological, ethical, reflexive and stylistic issues in fieldwork Features 16 new articles and revised part introductions, with additional insights into the experience of conducting ethnographic fieldwork Explores the importance of fieldwork practice in achieving the core theoretical and methodological goals of anthropology Highlights the personal and professional challenges of field researchers, from issues of professional identity, fieldwork relations, activism, and the conflicts, hazards and ethical concerns of community work.

Patients and Healers in the Context of Culture

Patients and Healers in the Context of Culture

An Exploration of the Borderland Between Anthropology, Medicine, and Psychiatry

  • Author: Arthur Kleinman
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520045118
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 427
  • View: 8882
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Kleinman, a psychiatrist, trained in anthropology, reports on his studies of health care in Taiwan. He describes his observations of clinical interviews between various medical practitioner, folk-healers, temple medicine men, and Chinese-style and Western-style physicians and their patients. He stress the importance of adopting the proper cultural perspective, making ones interpretations within that framework.

Global Assemblages

Global Assemblages

Technology, Politics, and Ethics as Anthropological Problems

  • Author: Aihwa Ong,Stephen J. Collier
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470695811
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 512
  • View: 3607
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Provides an exciting approach to some of the most contentious issues in discussions around globalization—bioscientific research, neoliberalism, governance—from the perspective of the "anthropological" problems they pose; in other words, in terms of their implications for how individual and collective life is subject to technological, political, and ethical reflection and intervention. Offers a ground-breaking approach to central debates about globalization with chapters written by leading scholars from across the social sciences. Examines a range of phenomena that articulate broad structural transformations: technoscience, circuits of exchange, systems of governance, and regimes of ethics or values. Investigates these phenomena from the perspective of the “anthropological” problems they pose. Covers a broad range of geographical areas: Africa, the Middle East, East and South Asia, North America, South America, and Europe. Grapples with a number of empirical problems of popular and academic interest — from the organ trade, to accountancy, to pharmaceutical research, to neoliberal reform.

Introducing Medical Anthropology

Introducing Medical Anthropology

A Discipline in Action

  • Author: Merrill Singer,Hans Baer
  • Publisher: Rowman Altamira
  • ISBN: 0759120900
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 290
  • View: 6302
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This new edition introduces students to the growing field of medical anthropology. It reviews the basic perspectives and concepts and the latest debates in the field in a more comprehensive fashion than many other comparable works.

Kuru Sorcery

Kuru Sorcery

Disease and Danger in the New Guinea Highlands

  • Author: Shirley Lindenbaum
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131726472X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 7143
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Perhaps the best-documented epidemic in the history of medicine, kuru has been studied for more than fifty years by international investigators from medicine and the human sciences. This significantly revised edition of the landmark anthropological classic Kuru Sorcery brings up to date the anthropological contribution to understanding disease, the medical research that resulted in two medical Nobel Prizes, and the views of the Fore people who endured the epidemic and who still believe that sorcerers, rather than cannibalism, caused kuru. The kuru epidemic serves as a prism through which to see how Fore notions of disease causation bring into single focus their views about the body, the world of social and spiritual relations, and changes in economic and political conditions-aspects of thought and behaviour that Western medicine keeps separate.

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

  • Author: Didier Fassin
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118959507
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 664
  • View: 338
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Global Health in Times of Violence

Global Health in Times of Violence

  • Author: Barbara Rylko-Bauer,Linda M. Whiteford,Paul Farmer
  • Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the
  • ISBN: 9781934691144
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 8225
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What are the prospects for human health in a world threatened by disease and violence? In this volume, leading scholars and practitioners examine the impact of structural, military, and communal violence on health, psychosocial well-being, and health care delivery.

Craving Earth

Craving Earth

Understanding Pica, the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

  • Author: Sera L. Young
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231146094
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 228
  • View: 6139
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Humans have eaten earth, on purpose, for more than 2,000 years. They also crave starch, ice, chalk, and other unorthodox food items. Some even claim they are "addicted" and "go crazy" without these items. Sifting through extensive historical, ethnographic, and biomedical findings, Sera L. Young creates a portrait of pica, or nonfood cravings, from humans' earliest ingestions to current trends and practices. In engaging detail, she describes the substances most frequently consumed and the many methods used to obtain them. She reveals how pica is remarkably prevalent, identifies its most avid partakers, and describes the potentially healthful and harmful effects. She evaluates the many hypotheses about the causes of pica, from the fantastical to the scientific, including hunger, nutritional deficiencies, and protective capacities. Never has a book examined pica so thoroughly or accessibly, merging absorbing history with intimate case studies to illuminate a behavior deeply entwined with human biology and culture.

The Anthropology of Development and Globalization

The Anthropology of Development and Globalization

From Classical Political Economy to Contemporary Neoliberalism

  • Author: Marc Edelman,Angelique Haugerud
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
  • ISBN: 9780631228790
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 420
  • View: 1970
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The Anthropology of Development and Globalization is a collection of readings that provides an unprecedented overview of this field that ranges from the field’s classical origins to today’s debates about the “magic” of the free market. Explores the foundations of the anthropology of development, a field newly animated by theories of globalization and transnationalism Framed by an encyclopedic introduction that will prove indispensable to students and experts alike Includes readings ranging from Weber and Marx and Engels to contemporary works on the politics of development knowledge, consumption, environment, gender, international NGO networks, the IMF, campaigns to reform the World Bank, the collapse of socialism, and the limits of “post-developmentalism” Fills a crucial gap in the literature by mingling historical, cultural, political, and economic perspectives on development and globalization Present a wide range of theoretical approaches and topics

The Logic of Care

The Logic of Care

Health and the Problem of Patient Choice

  • Author: Annemarie Mol
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134053177
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 160
  • View: 3075
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**Shortlisted for the BSA Sociology of Health and Illness Book Prize 2010** What is good care? In this innovative and compelling book, Annemarie Mol argues that good care has little to do with 'patient choice' and, therefore, creating more opportunities for patient choice will not improve health care. Although it is possible to treat people who seek professional help as customers or citizens, Mol argues that this undermines ways of thinking and acting crucial to health care. Illustrating the discussion with examples from diabetes clinics and diabetes self care, the book presents the 'logic of care' in a step by step contrast with the 'logic of choice'. She concludes that good care is not a matter of making well argued individual choices but is something that grows out of collaborative and continuing attempts to attune knowledge and technologies to diseased bodies and complex lives. Mol does not criticise the practices she encountered in her field work as messy or ad hoc, but makes explicit what it is that motivates them: an intriguing combination of adaptability and perseverance. The Logic of Care: Health and the problem of patient choice is crucial reading for all those interested in the theory and practice of care, including sociologists, anthropologists and health care professionals. It will also speak to policymakers and become a valuable source of inspiration for patient activists.

Anthropology in the Public Arena

Anthropology in the Public Arena

Historical and Contemporary Contexts

  • Author: Jeremy MacClancy
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118475526
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 2523
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This articulate and authoritative survey of both the popular and academic trends in anthropology demonstrates the broad relevance of anthropological knowledge and argues for a more inclusive conception of the discipline that engages the public imagination. Demonstrates the evolving social contexts of British anthropological theory and practice from the mid-19th century Highlights the importance of popular anthropology in forming and sustaining the professional discipline Explores the past and present cross-fertilization of anthropologists, scientists and prominent literary figures Assesses the pioneering efforts online to advance the role of anthropology in public debates Appeals to a broader readership interested in cultural and intellectual history

Reverse Anthropology

Reverse Anthropology

Indigenous Analysis of Social and Environmental Relations in New Guinea

  • Author: Stuart Kirsch
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780804753425
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 9281
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Stuart Kirsch is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Michigan. He has consulted widely on environmental issues and land rights in the Pacific, and was actively involved in the political campaign and legal case against the environmental impact of the Ok Tedi mine in Papua New Guinea.

Berlin, Alexanderplatz

Berlin, Alexanderplatz

Transforming Place in a Unified Germany

  • Author: Gisa Weszkalnys
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1782383182
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 7776
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A benchmark study in the changing field of urban anthropology, Berlin, Alexanderplatz is an ethnographic examination of the rapid transformation of the unified Berlin. Through a captivating account of the controversy around this symbolic public square in East Berlin, the book raises acute questions about expertise, citizenship, government and belonging. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in the city administration bureaus, developers’ offices, citizen groups and in Alexanderplatz itself, the author advances a richly innovative analysis of the multiplicity of place. She reveals how Alexanderplatz is assembled through the encounters between planners, citizen activists, social workers, artists and ordinary Berliners, in processes of popular participation and personal narratives, in plans, timetables, documents and files, and in the distribution of pipes, tram tracks and street lights. Alexanderplatz emerges as a socialist spatial exemplar, a ‘future’ under construction, an object of grievance, and a vision of robust public space. This book is both a critical contribution to the anthropology of contemporary modernity and a radical intervention in current cross-disciplinary debates on the city.

In Praise of Copying

In Praise of Copying

  • Author: Marcus Boon
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674058429
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 294
  • View: 300
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German critic Walter Benjamin wrote some immensely influential words on the work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction. Luxury fashion houses would say something shorter and sharper and much more legally binding on the rip-off merchants who fake their products. Marcus Boon, a Canadian English professor with an accessible turn of phrase, takes us on an erudite voyage through the theme in a serious but engaging encounter with the ideas of thinkers as varied as Plato, Hegel, Orson Welles, Benjamin, Heidegger, Louis Vuitton, Takashi Murakami and many more, on topics as philosophically taxing and pop-culture-light as mimesis, Christianity, capitalism, authenticity, Uma Thurman's handbag and Disneyland.