Search Results for "abstracts-of-the-annual-meeting-american-anthropological-association"

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting -- American Anthropological Association

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting -- American Anthropological Association

  • Author: American Anthropological Association
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780979909412
  • Category: Anthropology
  • Page: 604
  • View: 7490
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Abstracts of the Annual Meeting

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting

  • Author: American Anthropological Association
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Anthropology
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4202
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Fantasies of the Master Race

Fantasies of the Master Race

Literature, Cinema, and the Colonization of American Indians

  • Author: Ward Churchill
  • Publisher: City Lights Books
  • ISBN: 9780872863484
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 261
  • View: 9137
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Chosen an "Outstanding Book on the Subject of Human Rights in the United States" by the Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Human Rights. In this volume of incisive essays, Ward Churchill looks at representations of American Indians in literature and film, delineating a history of cultural propaganda that has served to support the continued colonization of Native America. During each phase of the genocide of American Indians, the media has played a critical role in creating easily digestible stereotypes of Indians for popular consumption. Literature about Indians was first written and published in order to provoke and sanctify warfare against them. Later, the focus changed to enlisting public support for "civilizing the savages," stripping them of their culture and assimilating them into the dominant society. Now, in the final stages of cultural genocide, it is the appropriation and stereotyping of Native culture that establishes control over knowledge and truth. The primary means by which this is accomplished is through the powerful publishing and film industries. Whether they are the tragically doomed "noble savages" walking into the sunset of Dances With Wolves or Carlos Castaneda's Don Juan, the exotic mythical Indians constitute no threat to the established order. Literature and art crafted by the dominant culture are an insidious political force, disinforming people who might otherwise develop a clearer understanding of indigenous struggles for justice and freedom. This book is offered to counter that deception, and to move people to take action on issues confronting American Indians today.

In Defense of Anthropology

In Defense of Anthropology

An Investigation of the Critique of Anthropology

  • Author: Herbert S. Lewis
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351513125
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 261
  • View: 7750
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This book argues that the history and character of modern anthropology has been egregiously distorted to the detriment of this intellectual pursuit and academic discipline. The "critique of anthropology" is a product of the momentous and tormented events of the 1960s when students and some of their elders cried, "Trust no one over thirty!" The Marxist, postmodern, and postcolonial waves that followed took aim at anthropology and the result has been a serious loss of confidence; both the reputation and the practice of anthropology has suffered greatly. The time has come to move past this damaging discourse. Herbert S. Lewis chronicles these developments, and subjects the "critique" to a long overdue interrogation based on wide-ranging knowledge of the field and its history, as well as the application of common sense. The book questions discourses about anthropology and colonialism, anthropologists and history, the problem of "exoticizing'the Other,'" anthropologists and the Cold War, and more. Written by a master of the profession, In Defense of Anthropology will require consideration by all anthropologists, historians, sociologists of science, and cultural theorists.

The Measure of Civilization

The Measure of Civilization

How Social Development Decides the Fate of Nations

  • Author: Ian Morris
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400844762
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 906
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In the last thirty years, there have been fierce debates over how civilizations develop and why the West became so powerful. The Measure of Civilization presents a brand-new way of investigating these questions and provides new tools for assessing the long-term growth of societies. Using a groundbreaking numerical index of social development that compares societies in different times and places, award-winning author Ian Morris sets forth a sweeping examination of Eastern and Western development across 15,000 years since the end of the last ice age. He offers surprising conclusions about when and why the West came to dominate the world and fresh perspectives for thinking about the twenty-first century. Adapting the United Nations' approach for measuring human development, Morris's index breaks social development into four traits--energy capture per capita, organization, information technology, and war-making capacity--and he uses archaeological, historical, and current government data to quantify patterns. Morris reveals that for 90 percent of the time since the last ice age, the world's most advanced region has been at the western end of Eurasia, but contrary to what many historians once believed, there were roughly 1,200 years--from about 550 to 1750 CE--when an East Asian region was more advanced. Only in the late eighteenth century CE, when northwest Europeans tapped into the energy trapped in fossil fuels, did the West leap ahead. Resolving some of the biggest debates in global history, The Measure of Civilization puts forth innovative tools for determining past, present, and future economic and social trends.

Taboo

Taboo

Sex, Identity and Erotic Subjectivity in Anthropological Fieldwork

  • Author: Don Kulick,Margaret Willson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134880928
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 1410
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Taboo looks at the ethnographer and sexuality in anthropological fieldwork and considers the many roles that sexuality plays in the anthropological production of knowledge and texts. How does the sexual identity that anthropologists have in their "home" society affect the kind of sexuality they are allowed to express in other cultures? How is the anthropologists' sexuality perceived by the people with whom he or she does research? How common is sexual violence and intimidation in the field and why is its existence virtually unmentioned in anthropology? These are but a few of the questions to be confronted, exploring from differing perspectives the depth of the influence this tabooed topic has on the entire practice and production of anthropology. A long-overdue text for all students and lecturers of anthropology, many post-fieldwork readers will find a resonance of issues they have previously faced (or tried to avoid) and those who are still to undertake fieldwork will find articles that refer to other kinds of personal and professional experience as well as providing invaluable preparations for coping in the field.

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

  • Author: Dennis Dirkmaat
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118255410
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 600
  • View: 8095
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A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

The Shadow Side of Fieldwork

The Shadow Side of Fieldwork

Exploring the Blurred Borders between Ethnography and Life

  • Author: Athena McLean,Annette Leibing
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470766336
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 3332
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The Shadow Side of Fieldwork draws attention to the typically hidden or unacknowledged aspects of ethnographic fieldwork encounters that nevertheless shape the resulting knowledge and texts. Addressing these invisible, elusive, unspoken or mysterious elements introduces a distinctive rigor and responsibility to ethnographic research. Luminaries in anthropology dare to explore the 'unspeakable' and 'invisible' in the ethnographic encounter Considers personal and professional challenges (ethical, epistemological, and political) faced by researchers who examine the subjectivities inherent in their ethnographic insights Explores the value, and limitations, of addressing the personal in ethnographic research Includes a critical discussion of the anthropologist’s self in the field Introduces imaginative rigor to ethnographic research to heighten confidence in anthropological knowledge

Dirt, Undress, and Difference

Dirt, Undress, and Difference

Critical Perspectives on the Body's Surface

  • Author: American Anthropological Association. Meeting
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 9780253217837
  • Category: Health & Fitness
  • Page: 264
  • View: 9207
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Explores how transgressions of the body's surface - dirt and undress in many forms - take on cultural, political, and moral value.

The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research

The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research

Reporting on Environmental Degradation and Warfare

  • Author: Richard J. Chacon,Rubén G. Mendoza
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461410657
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 524
  • View: 9493
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The decision to publish scholarly findings bearing on the question of Amerindian environmental degradation, warfare, and/or violence is one that weighs heavily on anthropologists. This burden stems from the fact that documentation of this may render descendant communities vulnerable to a host of predatory agendas and hostile modern forces. Consequently, some anthropologists and community advocates alike argue that such culturally and socially sensitive, and thereby, politically volatile information regarding Amerindian-induced environmental degradation and warfare should not be reported. This admonition presents a conundrum for anthropologists and other social scientists employed in the academy or who work at the behest of tribal entities. This work documents the various ethical dilemmas that confront anthropologists, and researchers in general, when investigating Amerindian communities. The contributions to this volume explore the ramifications of reporting--and, specifically,--of non-reporting instances of environmental degradation and warfare among Amerindians. Collectively, the contributions in this volume, which extend across the disciplines of archaeology, anthropology, ethnohistory, ethnic studies, philosophy, and medicine, argue that the non-reporting of environmental mismanagement and violence in Amerindian communities generally harms not only the field of anthropology but the Amerindian populations themselves.

The World Bank Research Program 2004

The World Bank Research Program 2004

Abstracts of Current Studies

  • Author: World Bank
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821364574
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 184
  • View: 8912
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The World Bank's research is intended to address critical issues and problems facing member governments in developing and transition economies. How can the governments of the poorest countries generate enough revenue to provide the education and health services essential to reducing poverty and promoting growth and development? How can poor countries attract investors to build the infrastructure their economies need? How can they develop systems to bring clean water to the 2 billion people without it today? How can they train teachers and bring to class the 115 million children who have not yet received any education? And how can rich countries be persuaded to lower market barriers, helping to reverse the decline in export prices for poor countries that has left them earning less from trade today than in the 1970s? These are the types of questions that are addressed in this edition of 'The World Bank Research Program: Abstracts from Current Studies'. This volume reports on research projects initiated, under way, or completed from July 2003 through June 2004. It covers 151 research projects on several broad development related issues, including agriculture, health, education, environment, infrastructure, investment climate, and more. The abstract for each project describes the questions addressed, the analytic methods used, the findings to date, and policy implications.

Southwestern lore

Southwestern lore

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Archaeology
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9888
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Shadows of the Prophet

Shadows of the Prophet

Martial Arts and Sufi Mysticism

  • Author: Douglas S. Farrer
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 140209356X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 311
  • View: 8489
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This is the first in-depth study of the Malay martial art, silat, and the first ethnographic account of the Haqqani Islamic Sufi Order. Drawing on 12 years of research and practice, the author provides a major contribution to the study of Malay culture.

Dividends of Kinship

Dividends of Kinship

Meanings and Uses of Social Relatedness

  • Author: Peter P. Schweitzer
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134739737
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 9962
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This collection reaffirms the importance of kinship, and of studying kinship, within the framework of social anthropology. The contributors examine both the benefits and burdens of kinship across cultures and explore how 'relatedness' is inextricably linked with other concepts which define people's identities - such as gender, power and history. With examples from a wide range of areas including Austria, Greenland, Portugal, Turkey and the Amazon, it covers themes such as: * how people choose and activate kin * leadership, spiritual power and kinship * inheritance, marriage and social inequality * familial sentiment and economic interest * the role of kinship in Utopian communes Dividends of Kinship provides a timely and critical reappraisal of the place of familial relations in the contemporary world. It will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and academics in anthropology, and across the social sciences.

The Digest

The Digest

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Food
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 649
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Childbirth and Authoritative Knowledge

Childbirth and Authoritative Knowledge

Cross-Cultural Perspectives

  • Author: Robbie E. Davis-Floyd,Carolyn Sargent
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520918733
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 505
  • View: 956
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This benchmark collection of cross-cultural essays on reproduction and childbirth extends and enriches the work of Brigitte Jordan, who helped generate and define the field of the anthropology of birth. The authors' focus on authoritative knowledge—the knowledge that counts, on the basis of which decisions are made and actions taken—highlights the vast differences between birthing systems that give authority of knowing to women and their communities and those that invest it in experts and machines. Childbirth and Authoritative Knowledge offers first-hand ethnographic research conducted by anthropologists in sixteen different societies and cultures and includes the interdisciplinary perspectives of a social psychologist, a sociologist, an epidemiologist, a staff member of the World Health Organization, and a community midwife. Exciting directions for further research as well as pressing needs for policy guidance emerge from these illuminating explorations of authoritative knowledge about birth. This book is certain to follow Jordan's Birth in Four Cultures as the definitive volume in a rapidly expanding field.