Search Results for "advances-in-multifield-theories-for-continua-with-substructure-modeling-and-simulation-in-science-engineering-and-technology"

Advances in Multifield Theories for Continua with Substructure

Advances in Multifield Theories for Continua with Substructure

  • Author: Gianfranco Capriz,Paolo Maria Mariano
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0817681582
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 263
  • View: 8354
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Toachieve design, implementation,and servicing ofcomplex systems and struc tures in an efficient and cost-effective way,a deeper knowledge and understanding of the subtle cast and detailed evolution of materials is needed. The analysis in demand borders with the molecular and atomic one, spanning all the way down from classical continua. The study of the behavior of complex materials in sophisticated devices also opens intricate questions about the applicability of primary axioms ofcontinuum mechanics such as the ultimate nature of the material element itselfand the possibility ofidentifying itperfectly. So it is necessary to develop tools that allow usto formulate both theoretical models and methods of numerical approximation for the analysis of material substructures. Multifield theories in continuum mechanics, which bridge classical materials science and modern continuum mechanics, provide precisely these tools. Multifield theories not only address problems of material substructures, but also encompass well-recognized approaches to the study of soft condensed matter and allow one to model disparate conditions in various states ofmatter. However, research inmultifield theories is vast, and there is little in the way of a comprehensive distillation of the subject from an engineer's perspective. Therefore, the papers in the present volume, 1 which grew out of our experience as editors for an engineeringjournal, tackle some fundamental questions,suggest solutions of concrete problems, and strive to interpret a host of experimental evidence. In this spirit, each of the authors has contributed original results having in mind their wider applicability.

Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 300
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30th International Symposium on Shock Waves 2

30th International Symposium on Shock Waves 2

ISSW30 -

  • Author: Gabi Ben-Dor,Oren Sadot,Ozer Igra
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319448668
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 742
  • View: 3188
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These proceedings collect the papers presented at the 30th International Symposium on Shock Waves (ISSW30), which was held in Tel-Aviv Israel from July 19 to July 24, 2015. The Symposium was organized by Ortra Ltd. The ISSW30 focused on the state of knowledge of the following areas: Nozzle Flow, Supersonic and Hypersonic Flows with Shocks, Supersonic Jets, Chemical Kinetics, Chemical Reacting Flows, Detonation, Combustion, Ignition, Shock Wave Reflection and Interaction, Shock Wave Interaction with Obstacles, Shock Wave Interaction with Porous Media, Shock Wave Interaction with Granular Media, Shock Wave Interaction with Dusty Media, Plasma, Magnetohyrdrodynamics, Re-entry to Earth Atmosphere, Shock Waves in Rarefied Gases, Shock Waves in Condensed Matter (Solids and Liquids), Shock Waves in Dense Gases, Shock Wave Focusing, Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability, Shock Boundary Layer Interaction, Multiphase Flow, Blast Waves, Facilities, Flow Visualization, and Numerical Methods. The two volumes serve as a reference for the participants of the ISSW30 and anyone interested in these fields.

Rundbrief der Gesellschaft fur Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik

Rundbrief der Gesellschaft fur Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik

  • Author: Gesellschaft für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8024
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Das Schweizer Buch

Das Schweizer Buch

bibliographisches Bulletin der Schweizerischen Landesbibliothek, Bern

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Swiss literature
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4478
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Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction

Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction

Biological Design and Integrative Structures

  • Author: Jan Knippers,Klaus G. Nickel,Thomas Speck
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319463748
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 408
  • View: 401
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This book comprises a first survey of the Collaborative Research Center SFB-TRR 141 ‘Biological Design and Integrative Structures – Analysis, Simulation and Implementation in Architecture’, funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft since October 2014. The SFB-TRR 141 provides a collaborative framework for architects and engineers from the University of Stuttgart, biologists and physicists from the University of Freiburg and geoscientists and evolutionary biologists from the University of Tübingen. The programm is conceptualized as a dialogue between the disciplines and is based on the belief that that biomimetic research has the potential to lead everyone involved to new findings far beyond his individual reach. During the last few decades, computational methods have been introduced into all fields of science and technology. In architecture, they enable the geometric differentiation of building components and allow the fabrication of porous or fibre-based materials with locally adjusted physical and chemical properties. Recent developments in simulation technologies focus on multi-scale models and the interplay of mechanical phenomena at various hierarchical levels. In the natural sciences, a multitude of quantitative methods covering diverse hierarchical levels have been introduced. These advances in computational methods have opened a new era in biomimetics: local differentiation at various scales, the main feature of natural constructions, can for the first time not only be analysed, but to a certain extent also be transferred to building construction. Computational methodologies enable the direct exchange of information between fields of science that, until now, have been widely separated. As a result they lead to a new approach to biomimetic research, which, hopefully, contributes to a more sustainable development in architecture and building construction.

Atmospheric and Space Flight Dynamics

Atmospheric and Space Flight Dynamics

Modeling and Simulation with MATLAB® and Simulink®

  • Author: Ashish Tewari
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0817644385
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 556
  • View: 7544
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This book offers a unified presentation that does not discriminate between atmospheric and space flight. It demonstrates that the two disciplines have evolved from the same set of physical principles and introduces a broad range of critical concepts in an accessible, yet mathematically rigorous presentation. The book presents many MATLAB and Simulink-based numerical examples and real-world simulations. Replete with illustrations, end-of-chapter exercises, and selected solutions, the work is primarily useful as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate-level students.

Multiscale Modeling of Complex Materials

Multiscale Modeling of Complex Materials

Phenomenological, Theoretical and Computational Aspects

  • Author: Tomasz Sadowski,Patrizia Trovalusci
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3709118123
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 278
  • View: 7200
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The papers in this volume deal with materials science, theoretical mechanics and experimental and computational techniques at multiple scales, providing a sound base and a framework for many applications which are hitherto treated in a phenomenological sense. The basic principles are formulated of multiscale modeling strategies towards modern complex multiphase materials subjected to various types of mechanical, thermal loadings and environmental effects. The focus is on problems where mechanics is highly coupled with other concurrent physical phenomena. Attention is also focused on the historical origins of multiscale modeling and foundations of continuum mechanics currently adopted to model non-classical continua with substructure, for which internal length scales play a crucial role.

Generalized Continua as Models for Materials

Generalized Continua as Models for Materials

with Multi-scale Effects or Under Multi-field Actions

  • Author: Holm Altenbach,Samuel Forest,Anton Krivtsov
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642363946
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 331
  • View: 8847
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This volume presents contributions describing the micro- and macro-behaviours, new existence and uniqueness theorems, the formulation of multi-scale problems, etc. and now it is time to ponder again the state of matter and to discuss new trends and applications. The main focus is directed on the following items - Modelling and simulation of materials with significant microstructure, - Generalized continua as a result of multi-scale models, - Multi-field actions on materials resulting in generalized material models, and - Comparison with discrete modelling approaches

Hygrothermoelasticity

Hygrothermoelasticity

  • Author: George C. Sih,J. Michopoulos,Shang-Ching Chou
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400944187
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 260
  • View: 7981
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This book contains results of more than a decade's effort on coupled deformation and diffusion obtained in research performed at the Institute of Fracture and Solid Mechanics, Lehigh University. Despite the overwhelming number of theories on this subject, little is known on the assessment of coupling effects because of the inherent difficulties associated with experimentation. A case in point is couple thermoelasticity, a theory that has remained virtually unused in practice. This is indicative of the inadequacy of conventional approaches. The interdependence of heat, moisture and deformation arises in many engineer ing problems of practical interest. Whether these effects are coupled or not depend on the transient character of the boundary conditions. Special attention is given to finding the coupling constants. Invoked is the assumption that the physical parameters should be independent of the specified boundary conditions. They can thus be extracted from known experimental data for situations where coupling effects are relatively weak and then applied to predict strong coupling effects as boundary conditions are altered. This is illustrated for the T300/5208 material commonly used in composites and permits a more reliable evaluation of material behaving under extreme environmental conditions. The lack of this knowledge can often be a major deterrent to the achievement of new technological advances. The reader will recognize that the material in this book does not follow the main stream of research on moisture-temperature diffusion and deformation.

Production Factor Mathematics

Production Factor Mathematics

  • Author: Martin Grötschel,Klaus Lucas,Volker Mehrmann
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783642112485
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 402
  • View: 7111
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Mathematics as a production factor or driving force for innovation? Those, who want to know and understand why mathematics is deeply involved in the design of products, the layout of production processes and supply chains will find this book an indispensable and rich source. Describing the interplay between mathematical and engineering sciences the book focusses on questions like How can mathematics improve to the improvement of technological processes and products? What is happening already? Where are the deficits? What can we expect for the future? 19 articles written by mixed teams of authors of engineering, industry and mathematics offer a fascinating insight of the interaction between mathematics and engineering.

Recent Developments and Innovative Applications in Computational Mechanics

Recent Developments and Innovative Applications in Computational Mechanics

  • Author: Dana Mueller-Hoeppe,Stefan Löhnert,Stefanie Reese
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783642174841
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 340
  • View: 3020
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This Festschrift is dedicated to Professor Dr.-Ing. habil. Peter Wriggers on the occasion of his 60th birthday. It contains contributions from friends and collaborators as well as current and former PhD students from almost all continents. As a very diverse group of people, the authors cover a wide range of topics from fundamental research to industrial applications: contact mechanics, finite element technology, micromechanics, multiscale approaches, particle methods, isogeometric analysis, stochastic methods and further research interests. In summary, the volume presents an overview of the international state of the art in computational mechanics, both in academia and industry.

Microcontinuum Field Theories

Microcontinuum Field Theories

I. Foundations and Solids

  • Author: A. Cemal Eringen
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461205557
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 325
  • View: 4114
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Microcontinuum field theories extend classical field theories to microscopic spaces and short time scales. This volume is concerned with the kinematics of microcontinua. It begins with a discussion of strain, stress tensors, balance laws, and constitutive equations, and then discusses applications of the fundamental ideas to the theory of elasticity. The ideas developed here are important in modeling the fluid or elastic properties of porous media, polymers, liquid crystals, slurries, and composite materials.

Manifolds, Tensor Analysis, and Applications

Manifolds, Tensor Analysis, and Applications

  • Author: Ralph Abraham,Jerrold E. Marsden,Tudor Ratiu
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461210291
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 656
  • View: 6717
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The purpose of this book is to provide core material in nonlinear analysis for mathematicians, physicists, engineers, and mathematical biologists. The main goal is to provide a working knowledge of manifolds, dynamical systems, tensors, and differential forms. Some applications to Hamiltonian mechanics, fluid me chanics, electromagnetism, plasma dynamics and control thcory arc given in Chapter 8, using both invariant and index notation. The current edition of the book does not deal with Riemannian geometry in much detail, and it does not treat Lie groups, principal bundles, or Morse theory. Some of this is planned for a subsequent edition. Meanwhile, the authors will make available to interested readers supplementary chapters on Lie Groups and Differential Topology and invite comments on the book's contents and development. Throughout the text supplementary topics are given, marked with the symbols ~ and {l:;J. This device enables the reader to skip various topics without disturbing the main flow of the text. Some of these provide additional background material intended for completeness, to minimize the necessity of consulting too many outside references. We treat finite and infinite-dimensional manifolds simultaneously. This is partly for efficiency of exposition. Without advanced applications, using manifolds of mappings, the study of infinite-dimensional manifolds can be hard to motivate.

Mechanics for a New Millennium

Mechanics for a New Millennium

Proceedings of the 20th International Congress on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, held in Chicago, USA, 27 August – 2 September 2000

  • Author: Hassan Aref,James W. Phillips
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0306469561
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 582
  • View: 9679
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This volume contains the proceedings of the 2000 International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. The book captures a snapshot view of the state of the art in the field of mechanics and will be invaluable to engineers and scientists from a variety of disciplines.

Generalized Continua - from the Theory to Engineering Applications

Generalized Continua - from the Theory to Engineering Applications

  • Author: Holm Altenbach,Victor A. Eremeyev
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3709113709
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 388
  • View: 3311
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On the roots of continuum mechanics in differential geometry -- a review.- Cosserat media.- Cosserat-type shells.- Cosserat-type rods.- Micromorphic media.- Electromagnetism and generalized continua.- Computational methods for generalized continua. The need of generalized continua models is coming from practice. Complex material behavior sometimes cannot be presented by the classical Cauchy continua. At present the attention of the scientists in this field is focused on the most recent research items • new models, • application of well-known models to new problems, • micro-macro aspects, • computational effort, and • possibilities to identify the constitutive equations The new research directions are discussed in this volume - from the point of view of modeling and simulation, identification, and numerical methods.

The Finite Element Method for Three-Dimensional Thermomechanical Applications

The Finite Element Method for Three-Dimensional Thermomechanical Applications

  • Author: Guido Dhondt
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470857625
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 362
  • View: 599
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Though many 'finite element' books exist, this book provides a unique focus on developing the method for three-dimensional, industrial problems. This is significant as many methods which work well for small applications fail for large scale problems, which generally: are not so well posed introduce stringent computer time conditions require robust solution techniques. Starting from sound continuum mechanics principles, derivation in this book focuses only on proven methods. Coverage of all different aspects of linear and nonlinear thermal mechanical problems in solids are described, thereby avoiding distracting the reader with extraneous solutions paths. Emphasis is put on consistent representation and includes the examination of topics which are not frequently found in other texts, such as cyclic symmetry, rigid body motion and nonlinear multiple point constraints. Advanced material formulations include anisotropic hyperelasticity, large strain multiplicative viscoplasticity and single crystal viscoplasticity. Finally, the methods described in the book are implemented in the finite element software CalculiX, which is freely available (www.calculix.de; the GNU General Public License applies). Suited to industry practitioners and academic researchers alike, The Finite Element Method for Three-Dimensional Thermomechanical Applications expertly bridges the gap between continuum mechanics and the finite element method.

Differential Geometry and Continuum Mechanics

Differential Geometry and Continuum Mechanics

  • Author: Gui-Qiang Chen,Michael Grinfeld,R. J. Knops
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 331918573X
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 387
  • View: 1290
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This book examines the exciting interface between differential geometry and continuum mechanics, now recognised as being of increasing technological significance. Topics discussed include isometric embeddings in differential geometry and the relation with microstructure in nonlinear elasticity, the use of manifolds in the description of microstructure in continuum mechanics, experimental measurement of microstructure, defects, dislocations, surface energies, and nematic liquid crystals. Compensated compactness in partial differential equations is also treated. The volume is intended for specialists and non-specialists in pure and applied geometry, continuum mechanics, theoretical physics, materials and engineering sciences, and partial differential equations. It will also be of interest to postdoctoral scientists and advanced postgraduate research students. These proceedings include revised written versions of the majority of papers presented by leading experts at the ICMS Edinburgh Workshop on Differential Geometry and Continuum Mechanics held in June 2013. All papers have been peer reviewed.

Statistical Physics of Fracture and Breakdown in Disordered Systems

Statistical Physics of Fracture and Breakdown in Disordered Systems

  • Author: Bikas K. Chakrabarti,Lucien-Gilles Benguigui
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198520566
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 161
  • View: 4412
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Under extreme conditions the mechanical or electrical properties of solids tend to be destabilized and failure or breakdown occurs. In practice these instabilities in the solid often nucleate or spread from disorders in the structure of the solid. This book investigates the modelling of such failure and breakdown processes. The basic principles are illuminated with a large number of computer simulations and laboratory simulations or `table top' experiments. Three particular case studies of failure are presented: electrical failures like fuse and dielectric breakdown; mechanical fracture; and earthquakes as an example of dynamic failure.