Search Results for "advances-in-social-computing-and-multiagent-systems-6th-international-workshop-on-collaborative-agents-research-and-development-care-2015-and-second-in-computer-and-information-science"

Advances in Social Computing and Multiagent Systems

Advances in Social Computing and Multiagent Systems

6th International Workshop on Collaborative Agents Research and Development, CARE 2015 and Second International Workshop on Multiagent Foundations of Social Computing, MFSC 2015, Istanbul, Turkey, May 4, 2015, Revised Selected Papers

  • Author: Fernando Koch,Christian Guttmann,Didac Busquets
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319248049
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 203
  • View: 9795
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This book constitutes thoroughly revised, selected papers of the proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Collaborative Agents Research and Development, CARE 2015 and the Second International Workshop on Multi-agent Foundations of Social Computing, MFSC 2015, held in Istanbul, Turkey, on May 4, 2015. Both Workshops were held in conjunction with AAMAS 2015. The 5 revised full papers of CARE and the 7 full papers of MFSC presented were carefully selected from 14 CARE and 10 MFSC submissions. Both workshop address issues in relevant areas of social computing such as smart societies, social applications, urban intelligence, intelligent mobile services, models of teamwork and collaboration.

Multiagent Systems

Multiagent Systems

Algorithmic, Game-Theoretic, and Logical Foundations

  • Author: Yoav Shoham,Kevin Leyton-Brown
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 113947524X
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1142
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Multiagent systems combine multiple autonomous entities, each having diverging interests or different information. This overview of the field offers a computer science perspective, but also draws on ideas from game theory, economics, operations research, logic, philosophy and linguistics. It will serve as a reference for researchers in each of these fields, and be used as a text for advanced undergraduate or graduate courses. The authors emphasize foundations to create a broad and rigorous treatment of their subject, with thorough presentations of distributed problem solving, game theory, multiagent communication and learning, social choice, mechanism design, auctions, cooperative game theory, and modal logics of knowledge and belief. For each topic, basic concepts are introduced, examples are given, proofs of key results are offered, and algorithmic considerations are examined. An appendix covers background material in probability theory, classical logic, Markov decision processes and mathematical programming.

Developing Multi-Agent Systems with JADE

Developing Multi-Agent Systems with JADE

  • Author: Fabio Luigi Bellifemine,Giovanni Caire,Dominic Greenwood
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470058404
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 300
  • View: 5227
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Learn how to employ JADE to build multi-agent systems! JADE (Java Agent DEvelopment framework) is a middleware for the development of applications, both in the mobile and fixed environment, based on the Peer-to-Peer intelligent autonomous agent approach. JADE enables developers to implement and deploy multi-agent systems, including agents running on wireless networks and limited-resource devices. Developing Multi-Agent Systems with JADE is a practical guide to using JADE. The text will give an introduction to agent technologies and the JADE Platform, before proceeding to give a comprehensive guide to programming with JADE. Basic features such as creating agents, agent tasks, agent communication, agent discovery and GUIs are covered, as well as more advanced features including ontologies and content languages, complex behaviours, interaction protocols, agent mobility, and the in-process interface. Issues such as JADE internals, running JADE agents on mobile devices, deploying a fault tolerant JADE platform, and main add-ons are also covered in depth. Developing Multi-Agent Systems with JADE: Comprehensive guide to using JADE to build multi-agent systems and agent orientated programming. Describes and explains ontologies and content language, interaction protocols and complex behaviour. Includes material on persistence, security and a semantics framework. Contains numerous examples, problems, and illustrations to enhance learning. Presents a case study demonstrating the use of JADE in practice. Offers an accompanying website with additional learning resources such as sample code, exercises and PPT-slides. This invaluable resource will provide multi-agent systems practitioners, programmers working in the software industry with an interest on multi-agent systems as well as final year undergraduate and postgraduate students in CS and advanced networking and telecoms courses with a comprehensive guide to using JADE to employ multi agent systems. With contributions from experts in JADE and multi agent technology.

Multiagent Systems

Multiagent Systems

  • Author: Gerhard Weiss
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262018896
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 867
  • View: 9452
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This is the first comprehensive introduction to multiagent systems and contemporary distributed artificial intelligence that is suitable as a textbook.

Building large knowledge-based systems

Building large knowledge-based systems

representation and inference in the Cyc project

  • Author: Douglas B. Lenat,R. V. Guha
  • Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 372
  • View: 7539
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Human Computation

Human Computation

  • Author: Edith Law,Luis Von Ahn
  • Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • ISBN: 1608455165
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 105
  • View: 1425
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Human computation is a new and evolving research area that centers around harnessing human intelligence to solve computational problems that are beyond the scope of existing Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms. With the growth of the Web, human computation systems can now leverage the abilities of an unprecedented number of people via the Web to perform complex computation. There are various genres of human computation applications that exist today. Games with a purpose (e.g., the ESP Game) specifically target online gamers who generate useful data (e.g., image tags) while playing an enjoyable game. Crowdsourcing marketplaces (e.g., Amazon Mechanical Turk) are human computation systems that coordinate workers to perform tasks in exchange for monetary rewards. In identity verification tasks, users perform computation in order to gain access to some online content; an example is reCAPTCHA, which leverages millions of users who solve CAPTCHAs every day to correct words in books that optical character recognition (OCR) programs fail to recognize with certainty. This book is aimed at achieving four goals: (1) defining human computation as a research area; (2) providing a comprehensive review of existing work; (3) drawing connections to a wide variety of disciplines, including AI, Machine Learning, HCI, Mechanism/Market Design and Psychology, and capturing their unique perspectives on the core research questions in human computation; and (4) suggesting promising research directions for the future. Table of Contents: Introduction / Human Computation Algorithms / Aggregating Outputs / Task Routing / Understanding Workers and Requesters / The Art of Asking Questions / The Future of Human Computation

An Introduction to MultiAgent Systems

An Introduction to MultiAgent Systems

  • Author: Michael Wooldridge
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470519460
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 461
  • View: 1296
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This book will introduce students to intelligent agents, explain what these agents are, how they are constructed and how they can be made to co-operate effectively with one another in large-scale systems.

Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Agent Systems VI

Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Agent Systems VI

COIN 2010 International Workshops, [email protected] 2010, Toronto, Canada, May 2010, [email protected] 2010, Lyon, France, August 2010, Revised Selected Papers

  • Author: Marina De Vos,Nicoletta Fornara,Jeremy V. Pitt,George Vouros
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642212670
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 377
  • View: 4591
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This book constitutes the thoroughly reviewed joint postprocessings of two international workshops on Coordination, Organization, Institutions and Norms in Agent Systems, [email protected] 2010, held in Toronto, Canada in May 2010 and [email protected] 2010, held in Lyon, France in August 2010. The 20 revised full papers presented went through several rounds of reviewing and revision and were carefully selected for presentations. The papers are organized in topical sections on normative systems design and modeling; social aspects; and norms at runtime: learning and enforcing.

RoboCup-99: Robot Soccer World Cup III

RoboCup-99: Robot Soccer World Cup III

  • Author: Manuela Veloso,Enrico Pagello,Hiroaki Kitano
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9783662164815
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 810
  • View: 8761
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This book is the third official archival publication devoted to RoboCup and documents the achievements presented at the Third Robot World Cup Soccer Games and Conferences, Robo-Cup-99, held in Stockholm, Sweden in July/August 1999. The book presents the following parts - Introductory overview and survey - Research papers of the champion teams and scientific award winners - Technical papers presented at the RoboCup-99 Workshop - Team description of a large number of participating teams. This book is mandatory reading for the rapidly growing RoboCup community as well as a valuable source or reference and inspiration for R&D professionals interested in multi-agent systems, distributed artificial intelligence, and intelligent robotics.

Trusting Agents for Trusting Electronic Societies

Trusting Agents for Trusting Electronic Societies

Theory and Applications in HCI and E-Commerce

  • Author: Rino Falcone,Suzanne Barber,Jordi Sabater-Mir,Munindar Singh
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540280125
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 235
  • View: 6197
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Based on two international workshops on trust in agent societies, held at AAMAS 2003 and AAMAS 2004, this book draws together carefully revised papers on trust, reputation, and security in agent society. Besides workshop papers, several contributions from leading researchers in this interdisciplinary field were solicited to complete coverage of all relevant topics. The 13 papers presented take into account issues from multiagent systems, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, game theory, and social and organizational science. Theoretical topics are addressed as well as applications in human-computer interaction and e-commerce.

Formal Ontology in Information Systems

Formal Ontology in Information Systems

Proceedings of the First International Conference (FOIS'98), June 6-8, Trento, Italy

  • Author: Nicola Guarino
  • Publisher: IOS Press
  • ISBN: 9789051993998
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 337
  • View: 4031
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Research on ontology is becoming increasingly widespread in the computer science community. While this term has been rather confined to the philosophical sphere in the past, it is now gaining a specific role in areas such as Artificial Intelligence, Computational Linguistics, and Databases. Its importance has been recognized in fields as diverse as knowledge engineering, knowledge representation, qualitative modeling, language engineering, database design, information integration, object-oriented analysis, information retrieval and extraction, knowledge management and organization, agent-based systems design. Current applications areas are disparate, including enterprise integration, natural language translation, medicine, mechanical engineering, electronic commerce, geographic information systems, legal information systems, and biological information systems. Various workshops addressing the engineering aspects of ontology have been held in the recent years. However, ontology by 'its very nature' ought to be a unifying discipline. Insights in this field have potential impact on the whole area of information systems (taking this term in its broadest sense), as testified by the interest recently shown by international standards organizations. In order to provide a solid general foundation for this work, it is therefore important to focus on the common scientific principles and open problems arising from current tools, methodologies, and applications of ontology.

Mindstorms

Mindstorms

Children, Computers, And Powerful Ideas

  • Author: Seymour A. Papert
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 9780465046744
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 252
  • View: 729
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Mindstorms has two central themes: that children can learn to use computers in a masterful way and that learning to use computers can change the way they learn everything else. Even outside the classroom, Papert had a vision that the computer could be used just as casually and as personally for a diversity of purposes throughout a person's entire life. Seymour Papert makes the point that in classrooms saturated with technology there is actually more socialization and that the technology often contributes to greater interaction among students and among students and instructors.

Learning in Virtual Worlds

Learning in Virtual Worlds

Research and Applications

  • Author: Sue Gregory,Mark J.W. Lee,Barney Dalgarno,Belinda Tynan
  • Publisher: Athabasca University Press
  • ISBN: 177199133X
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 347
  • View: 4386
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Three-dimensional (3D) immersive virtual worlds have been touted as being capable of facilitating highly interactive, engaging, multimodal learning experiences. Much of the evidence gathered to support these claims has been anecdotal but the potential that these environments hold to solve traditional problems in online and technology-mediated education—primarily learner isolation and student disengagement—has resulted in considerable investments in virtual world platforms like Second Life, OpenSimulator, and Open Wonderland by both professors and institutions. To justify this ongoing and sustained investment, institutions and proponents of simulated learning environments must assemble a robust body of evidence that illustrates the most effective use of this powerful learning tool. In this authoritative collection, a team of international experts outline the emerging trends and developments in the use of 3D virtual worlds for teaching and learning. They explore aspec ts of learner interaction with virtual worlds, such as user wayfinding in Second Life, communication modes and perceived presence, and accessibility issues for elderly or disabled learners. They also examine advanced technologies that hold potential for the enhancement of learner immersion and discuss best practices in the design and implementation of virtual world-based learning interventions and tasks. By evaluating and documenting different methods, approaches, and strategies, the contributors to Learning in Virtual Worlds offer important information and insight to both scholars and practitioners in the field.

Biologically Inspired Design

Biologically Inspired Design

Computational Methods and Tools

  • Author: Ashok K Goel,Daniel A McAdams,Robert B. Stone
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1447152484
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 325
  • View: 6758
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From simple cases such as hook and latch attachments found in Velcro to articulated-wing flying vehicles, biology often has been used to inspire many creative design ideas. The scientific challenge now is to transform the paradigm into a repeatable and scalable methodology. Biologically Inspired Design explores computational techniques and tools that can help integrate the method into design practice. With an inspiring foreword from Janine Benyus, Biologically Inspired Design contains a dozen chapters written by some of the leading scholars in the transdisciplinary field of bioinspired design, such as Frank Fish, Julian Vincent and Jeannette Yen from biology, and Amaresk Chakrabarti, Satyandra Gupta and Li Shu from engineering. Based in part on discussions at two workshops sponsored by the United States National Science Foundation, this volume introduces and develops several methods and tools for bioinspired design including: Information-processing theories, Natural language techniques, Knowledge-based tools, and Functional approaches and Pedagogical techniques. By exploring these fundamental theories, techniques and tools for supporting biologically inspired design, this volume provides a comprehensive resource for design practitioners wishing to explore the paradigm, an invaluable guide to design educators interested in teaching the method, and a preliminary reading for design researchers wanting to investigate bioinspired design.

Reputation, Image and Impression Management

Reputation, Image and Impression Management

  • Author: D. B. Bromley
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
  • ISBN: 9780471938699
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 300
  • View: 7125
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Uses a social psychological approach to comprehensively deal with reputation in a multidisciplinary way. Examines personal reputations, corporate and brand images along with other kinds of reputational entity. Explores how and why reputation is such a pervasive feature of social life affecting self-esteem, status, personal freedom, social identity and order.

Machine Learning Algorithms

Machine Learning Algorithms

Popular algorithms for data science and machine learning, 2nd Edition

  • Author: Giuseppe Bonaccorso
  • Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
  • ISBN: 1789345480
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 522
  • View: 8555
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An easy-to-follow, step-by-step guide for getting to grips with the real-world application of machine learning algorithms Key Features Explore statistics and complex mathematics for data-intensive applications Discover new developments in EM algorithm, PCA, and bayesian regression Study patterns and make predictions across various datasets Book Description Machine learning has gained tremendous popularity for its powerful and fast predictions with large datasets. However, the true forces behind its powerful output are the complex algorithms involving substantial statistical analysis that churn large datasets and generate substantial insight. This second edition of Machine Learning Algorithms walks you through prominent development outcomes that have taken place relating to machine learning algorithms, which constitute major contributions to the machine learning process and help you to strengthen and master statistical interpretation across the areas of supervised, semi-supervised, and reinforcement learning. Once the core concepts of an algorithm have been covered, you’ll explore real-world examples based on the most diffused libraries, such as scikit-learn, NLTK, TensorFlow, and Keras. You will discover new topics such as principal component analysis (PCA), independent component analysis (ICA), Bayesian regression, discriminant analysis, advanced clustering, and gaussian mixture. By the end of this book, you will have studied machine learning algorithms and be able to put them into production to make your machine learning applications more innovative. What you will learn Study feature selection and the feature engineering process Assess performance and error trade-offs for linear regression Build a data model and understand how it works by using different types of algorithm Learn to tune the parameters of Support Vector Machines (SVM) Explore the concept of natural language processing (NLP) and recommendation systems Create a machine learning architecture from scratch Who this book is for Machine Learning Algorithms is for you if you are a machine learning engineer, data engineer, or junior data scientist who wants to advance in the field of predictive analytics and machine learning. Familiarity with R and Python will be an added advantage for getting the best from this book.

Service-Oriented Computing

Service-Oriented Computing

Semantics, Processes, Agents

  • Author: Munindar P. Singh,Michael N. Huhns
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470091495
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 588
  • View: 2367
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This comprehensive text explains the principles and practice of Web services and relates all concepts to practical examples and emerging standards. Its discussions include: Ontologies Semantic web technologies Peer-to-peer service discovery Service selection Web structure and link analysis Distributed transactions Process modelling Consistency management. The application of these technologies is clearly explained within the context of planning, negotiation, contracts, compliance, privacy, and network policies. The presentation of the intellectual underpinnings of Web services draws from several key disciplines such as databases, distributed computing, artificial intelligence, and multi-agent systems for techniques and formalisms. Ideas from these disciplines are united in the context of Web services and service-based applications. Featuring an accompanying website and teacher’s manual that includes a complete set of transparencies for lectures, copies of open-source software for exercises and working implementations, and resources to conduct course projects, this book makes an excellent graduate textbook. It will also prove an invaluable reference and training tool for practitioners.

Assessing the Use of Agent-Based Models for Tobacco Regulation

Assessing the Use of Agent-Based Models for Tobacco Regulation

  • Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Assessment of Agent-Based Models to Inform Tobacco Product Regulation
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309317258
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 290
  • View: 7482
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Tobacco consumption continues to be the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates the manufacture, distribution, and marketing of tobacco products - specifically cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, roll-your-own tobacco, and smokeless tobacco - to protect public health and reduce tobacco use in the United States. Given the strong social component inherent to tobacco use onset, cessation, and relapse, and given the heterogeneity of those social interactions, agent-based models have the potential to be an essential tool in assessing the effects of policies to control tobacco. Assessing the Use of Agent-Based Models for Tobacco Regulation describes the complex tobacco environment; discusses the usefulness of agent-based models to inform tobacco policy and regulation; presents an evaluation framework for policy-relevant agent-based models; examines the role and type of data needed to develop agent-based models for tobacco regulation; provides an assessment of the agent-based model developed for FDA; and offers strategies for using agent-based models to inform decision making in the future.

International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications

International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications

  • Author: Joel Rodrigues
  • Publisher: IGI Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781613502815
  • Category:
  • Page: 86
  • View: 4268
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Optimization for Machine Learning

Optimization for Machine Learning

  • Author: Suvrit Sra,Sebastian Nowozin,Stephen J. Wright
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 026201646X
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 494
  • View: 2184
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The interplay between optimization and machine learning is one of the most important developments in modern computational science. Optimization formulations and methods are proving to be vital in designing algorithms to extract essential knowledge from huge volumes of data. Machine learning, however, is not simply a consumer of optimization technology but a rapidly evolving field that is itself generating new optimization ideas. This book captures the state of the art of the interaction between optimization and machine learning in a way that is accessible to researchers in both fields.Optimization approaches have enjoyed prominence in machine learning because of their wide applicability and attractive theoretical properties. The increasing complexity, size, and variety of today's machine learning models call for the reassessment of existing assumptions. This book starts the process of reassessment. It describes the resurgence in novel contexts of established frameworks such as first-order methods, stochastic approximations, convex relaxations, interior-point methods, and proximal methods. It also devotes attention to newer themes such as regularized optimization, robust optimization, gradient and subgradient methods, splitting techniques, and second-order methods. Many of these techniques draw inspiration from other fields, including operations research, theoretical computer science, and subfields of optimization. The book will enrich the ongoing cross-fertilization between the machine learning community and these other fields, and within the broader optimization community.