Search Results for "after-darwin-animals-emotions-and-the-mind"

After Darwin: Animals, Emotions, and the Mind

After Darwin: Animals, Emotions, and the Mind

  • Author: Angelique Richardson
  • Publisher: Rodopi
  • ISBN: 9401209987
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 369
  • View: 9679
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‘What is emotion?’ pondered the young Charles Darwin in his notebooks. How were the emotions to be placed in an evolutionary framework? And what light might they shed on human-animal continuities? These were among the questions Darwin explored in his research, assisted both by an acute sense of observation and an extraordinary capacity for fellow feeling, not only with humans but with all animal life. After Darwin: Animals, Emotions, and the Mind explores questions of mind, emotion and the moral sense which Darwin opened up through his research on the physical expression of emotions and the human–animal relation. It also examines the extent to which Darwin’s ideas were taken up by Victorian writers and popular culture, from George Eliot to the Daily News. Bringing together scholars from biology, literature, history, psychology, psychiatry and paediatrics, the volume provides an invaluable reassessment of Darwin’s contribution to a new understanding of the moral sense and emotional life, and considers the urgent scientific and ethical implications of his ideas today.

Der Ausdruck der Gemüthsbewegungen bei dem Menschen und den Thieren

Der Ausdruck der Gemüthsbewegungen bei dem Menschen und den Thieren

  • Author: Charles Darwin,Julius Victor Carus
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Emotions
  • Page: 384
  • View: 5432
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The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

  • Author: Charles Darwin,Paul Ekman,Phillip Prodger
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195158069
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 472
  • View: 4089
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In his study of infants and children (including observations of his own baby's smiles and pouts), of the insane, of painting and sculpture, of cats and dogs and monkeys, and of the ways that people in different cultures express their feelings, Darwin's insights have not been surpassed by modern science. This definitive edition of Darwin's masterpiece contains a substantial new Introduction and Afterword by Paul Ekman. Ekman also provides commentaries that use the latest scientific knowledge to elaborate, support, and occasionally challenge Darwin's study. For this edition, Ekman has returned to Darwin's original notes in order to produce for the first time a corrected, authoritative text illustrated by drawings and photographs positioned exactly as its author intended. "This new edition of Darwin's extraordinary book is a major event in the human sciences."-Steven Pinker "This new comprehensive edition of Expression will introduce a new generation of readers to Darwin's masterpiece, undiminished and intensely relevant even 125 years after publication."-Oliver Sacks "Ekman's contribution to his edition of Darwin's 1872 monograph can count as a book in its own right."-Ian Hacking, Times Literary Supplement

Annies Schatulle

Annies Schatulle

Charles Darwin, seine Tochter und die menschliche Evolution

  • Author: Randal Keynes
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783870244996
  • Category:
  • Page: 399
  • View: 6660
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Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior

Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior

  • Author: Robert J. Richards
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226712001
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 718
  • View: 8231
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With insight and wit, Robert J. Richards focuses on the development of evolutionary theories of mind and behavior from their first distinct appearance in the eighteenth century to their controversial state today. Particularly important in the nineteenth century were Charles Darwin's ideas about instinct, reason, and morality, which Richards considers against the background of Darwin's personality, training, scientific and cultural concerns, and intellectual community. Many critics have argued that the Darwinian revolution stripped nature of moral purpose and ethically neutered the human animal. Richards contends, however, that Darwin, Herbert Spencer, and their disciples attempted to reanimate moral life, believing that the evolutionary process gave heart to unselfish, altruistic behavior. "Richards's book is now the obvious introduction to the history of ideas about mind and behavior in the nineteenth century."—Mark Ridley, Times Literary Supplement "Not since the publication of Michael Ghiselin's The Triumph of the Darwinian Method has there been such an ambitious, challenging, and methodologically self-conscious interpretation of the rise and development and evolutionary theories and Darwin's role therein."—John C. Greene, Science "His book . . . triumphantly achieves the goal of all great scholarship: it not only informs us, but shows us why becoming thus informed is essential to understanding our own issues and projects."—Daniel C. Dennett, Philosophy of Science

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

  • Author: Yuval Noah Harari
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 364110498X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 528
  • View: 6161
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The History of Emotions

The History of Emotions

An Introduction

  • Author: Jan Plamper
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191040487
  • Category: History
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3766
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The history of emotions is one of the fastest growing fields in current historical debate, and this is the first book-length introduction to the field, synthesizing the current research, and offering direction for future study. The History of Emotions is organized around the debate between social constructivist and universalist theories of emotion that has shaped most emotions research in a variety of disciplines for more than a hundred years: social constructivists believe that emotions are largely learned and subject to historical change, while universalists insist on the timelessness and pan-culturalism of emotions. In historicizing and problematizing this binary, Jan Plamper opens emotions research beyond constructivism and universalism; he also maps a vast terrain of thought about feelings in anthropology, philosophy, sociology, linguistics, art history, political science, the life sciences - from nineteenth-century experimental psychology to the latest affective neuroscience - and history, from ancient times to the present day.

The Feeling Brain: The Biology and Psychology of Emotions

The Feeling Brain: The Biology and Psychology of Emotions

  • Author: Elizabeth Johnston,Leah Olson
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 0393709655
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 256
  • View: 475
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A reader-friendly exploration of the science of emotion. After years of neglect by both mainstream biology and psychology, the study of emotions has emerged as a central topic of scientific inquiry in the vibrant new discipline of affective neuroscience. Elizabeth Johnston and Leah Olson trace how work in this rapidly expanding field speaks to fundamental questions about the nature of emotion: What is the function of emotions? What is the role of the body in emotions? What are "feelings,” and how do they relate to emotions? Why are emotions so difficult to control? Is there an emotional brain? The authors tackle these questions and more in this "tasting menu" of cutting-edge emotion research. They build their story around the path-breaking 19th century works of biologist Charles Darwin and psychologist and philosopher William James. James's 1884 article "What Is an Emotion?" continues to guide contemporary debate about minds, brains, and emotions, while Darwin's treatise on "The Expression of Emotions in Animals and Humans" squarely located the study of emotions as a critical concern in biology. Throughout their study, Johnston and Olson focus on the key scientists whose work has shaped the field, zeroing in on the most brilliant threads in the emerging tapestry of affective neuroscience. Beginning with early work on the brain substrates of emotion by such workers such as James Papez and Paul MacLean, who helped define an emotional brain, they then examine the role of emotion in higher brain functions such as cognition and decision-making. They then investigate the complex interrelations of emotion and pleasure, introducing along the way the work of major researchers such as Antonio Damasio and Joseph LeDoux. In doing so, they braid diverse strands of inquiry into a lucid and concise introduction to this burgeoning field, and begin to answer some of the most compelling questions in the field today. How does the science of "normal" emotion inform our understanding of emotional disorders? To what extent can we regulate our emotions? When can we trust our emotions and when might they lead us astray? How do emotions affect our memories, and vice versa? How can we best describe the relationship between emotion and cognition? Johnston and Olson lay out the most salient questions of contemporary affective neuroscience in this study, expertly situating them in their biological, psychological, and philosophical contexts. They offer a compelling vision of an increasingly exciting and ambitious field for mental health professionals and the interested lay audience, as well as for undergraduate and graduate students.

Mimik Und Physiognomik

Mimik Und Physiognomik

  • Author: Theodor Piderit
  • Publisher: Рипол Классик
  • ISBN: 5877454846
  • Category: History
  • Page: 212
  • View: 1167
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Physiognomie.

The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

  • Author: Charles Darwin
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Emotions
  • Page: 374
  • View: 1540
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Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences

Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences

  • Author: David Sander,Klaus Scherer
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191021016
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 520
  • View: 3479
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Few areas have witnessed the type of growth we have seen in the affective sciences in the past decades. Across psychology, philosophy, economics, and neuroscience, there has been an explosion of interest in the topic of emotion and affect. Comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-date, and easy-to-use, the new Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences is an indispensable resource for all who wish to find out about theories, concepts, methods, and research findings in this rapidly growing interdisciplinary field - one that brings together, amongst others, psychologists, neuroscientists, social scientists, philosophers, and historians. Organized by alphabetical entries, and presenting brief definitions, concise overviews, and encyclopaedic articles (all with extensive references to relevant publications), this Companion lends itself to casual browsing by non-specialists interested in the fascinating phenomena of emotions, moods, affect disorders, and personality as well as to focused search for pertinent information by students and established scholars in the field. Not only does the book provide entries on affective phenomena, but also on their neural underpinnings, their cognitive antecedents and the associated responses in physiological systems, facial, vocal, and bodily expressions, and action tendencies. Numerous entries also consider the role of emotion in society and social behavior, as well as in cognitive processes such as those critical for perception, attention, memory, judgement and decision-making. The volume has been edited by a group of internationally leading authorities in the respective disciplines consisting of two editors (David Sander and Klaus Scherer) as well as group of 11 associate editors (John T. Cacioppo, Tim Dalgleish, Robert Dantzer, Richard J. Davidson, Ronald B. de Sousa, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Nico Frijda, George Loewenstein, Paula M. Niedenthal, Peter Salovey, and Richard A. Shweder). The members of the editorial board have commissioned and reviewed contributions from major experts on specific topics. In addition to comprehensive coverage of technical terms and fundamental issues, the volume also highlights current debates that inform the ongoing research process. In addition, the Companion contains a wealth of material on the role of emotion in applied domains such as economic behaviour, music and arts, work and organizational behaviour, family interactions and group dynamics, religion, law and justice, and societal change. Highly accessible and wide-ranging, this book is a vital resource for scientists, students, and professionals eager to obtain a rapid, conclusive overview on central terms and topics and anyone wanting to learn more about the mechanisms underlying the emotions dominating many aspects of our lives.

The Actor, Image, and Action

The Actor, Image, and Action

Acting and Cognitive Neuroscience

  • Author: Rhonda Blair
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135976236
  • Category: Performing Arts
  • Page: 160
  • View: 6826
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The Actor, Image and Action is a 'new generation' approach to the craft of acting; the first full-length study of actor training using the insights of cognitive neuroscience. In a brilliant reassessment of both the practice and theory of acting, Rhonda Blair examines the physiological relationship between bodily action and emotional experience. In doing so she provides the latest step in Stanislavsky's attempts to help the actor 'reach the unconscious by conscious means'. Recent developments in scientific thinking about the connections between biology and cognition require new ways of understanding many elements of human activity, including: imagination emotion memory physicality reason. The Actor, Image and Action looks at how these are in fact inseparable in the brain's structure and function, and their crucial importance to an actor’s engagement with a role. The book vastly improves our understanding of the actor's process and is a must for any actor or student of acting.

Menschen, Tiere und Max

Menschen, Tiere und Max

Natürliche Kommunikation und künstliche Intelligenz

  • Author: Ipke Wachsmuth
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3827430143
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 212
  • View: 7128
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„Nur selten fragt die Wissenschaft nach dem roten Faden, der Lebendiges mit Technischem, Mensch mit Tier und beide mit Computern oder Robotern verbindet. Dieses lesenswerte Buch ist ein brillanter Führer durch den Themendschungel – und unerlässlich für jeden, der sich über den Stand der Forschung informieren will.“ Gert Scobel, 3sat „Was ist Kommunikation? Ein Pionier des digitalen Zeitalters nimmt uns mit auf eine spannende Reise: von Menschen und Tieren zu Computern und Robotern, die uns zunehmend ähneln und zugleich verändern und in Frage stellen. Wer sind wir, und wie werden wir künftig miteinander umgehen? Zugleich augenzwinkernd und tiefgründig und vor allem immer authentisch baut Ipke Wachsmuth beim Leser nicht nur Unwissen ab, sondern auch Ängste und Sorgen.“ Manfred Spitzer, Autor von „Lernen“ und „Medizin für die Bildung“ Wie gelingt Kommunikation? Unter welchen Voraussetzungen verstehen wir einander? Wie lernen Kleinkinder, sich zu verständigen? Wie kommunizieren Tiere untereinander und mit uns? Und schließlich: Können Roboter und virtuelle Agenten zu vertrauenswürdigen und einfühlsamen Dialogpartnern und Helfern werden? Ipke Wachsmuth führt den Leser auf einen spannenden Streifzug durch die Vielfalt und Komplexität der kommunikativen Fähigkeiten. Immer wieder begegnet uns dabei Max, ein Kunstmensch aus der virtuellen Realität, an dem sich ganz konkret das Funktionieren von Kommunikation und Fragen über die Möglichkeiten künstlicher Intelligenz erörtern lassen. Aus dem Epilog: Ich erwache, weil Max mich ruft. Von der schimmernden Wand, die ein einziges riesiges Display ist und die hinter ihm nun das Tagespanorama von Seoul zeigt, begrüßt er mich mit fröhlichem Gesicht: „Guten Morgen, Ipke, acht Uhr! Ausgeschlafen? Du hast doch um zehn Uhr einen Termin.“ ... Jetzt aber los. Halt, wie war das noch mit der freundlichen Begrüßung? „Max? Wie sagt man nochmal ‚Guten Tag‘ in Korea?“ Max sogleich: „An-nyeong ha-se-yo“, und weiter: „Du musst in einer Viertelstunde aufbrechen.“ Also doch noch Zeit für ein wenig Entspannung. „Max, gib mal etwas Musik.“ Er kennt ja meine Lieblingsstücke, aus meinem iTunes. Max wählt ein Bluesstück aus und tanzt dazu. Ich greife zum Couchtisch, wo meine Bluesharp liegt, und jamme etwas, variiere das eine oder andere, bis es richtig groovt. _____ Möwen, Krabben und Marktschreier – ausgehend von Alltagsbeobachtungen beleuchtet Ipke Wachsmuth in diesem Buch die Themen Kommunikation, natürliche und künstliche Intelligenz. Es geht dabei um Sprache und Denken, um Mimik und Gestik – und um die Komplexität hinter den so alltäglich erscheinenden kommunikativen Fähigkeiten von Menschen und Tieren. Das Buch führt auch in die Welt von Robotern und anderen künstlichen Wesen ein, die unseren künftigen Alltag mehr und mehr bevölkern werden. Max ist ein „lebendes“ Beispiel dafür, wie die Schnittstelle zwischen Mensch und Computer in Zukunft aussehen könnte. Doch wie erzeugt man ausdrucksvolle Sprache? Wie lassen sich Gesichtsausdrücke technisch nachahmen? Welche Rolle spielt der Sprechrhythmus für unsere Kommunikation? Wie ist die hochentwickelte Wortsprache des Menschen entstanden, die uns von allen Tieren unterscheidet? Bildgebende Verfahren machen es heute möglich, dem Hirn beim Denken „zuzuschauen“ und damit auch Einblicke in die Prozesse des Sprachverstehens zu erlangen, die man mit künstlicher Intelligenz nachzuahmen versucht. Zu den weiteren Themen des Buches gehören Gebärdensprachen, der Zusammenhang von Zeichen und Bedeutung sowie die Wirkung von spontanen Körperbewegungen und Körperhaltung für die Übermittlung von Botschaften. Spannend ist die Frage, inwieweit Tiere und Menschen sich über Bedeutsames austauschen können. Sind Menschenaffen in der Lage, Symbole zu gebrauchen und absichtsvoll zu kommunizieren, verfügen sie vielleicht sogar über Bewusstsein? Und wird sich ein Maschinenwesen wie Max eines Tages mit uns aus der Perspektive eines eigenen „Ich“ unterhalten können? Maschinen mit „Eigenleben“ – kann es und soll es die geben? Könnten sie einfühlsame Partner des Menschen werden? Nähme das dem Menschen etwas weg? Wachsmuths Buch stellt wichtige Fragen und schlägt einen weiten Bogen: Es schaut zurück in eine lange Evolutionsgeschichte und voraus in eine spannende Zukunft. Menschen, Tiere und Max macht neugierig, informiert und bietet zugleich eine vergnügliche Lektüre.

The Cambridge Companion to Darwin

The Cambridge Companion to Darwin

  • Author: Jonathan Hodge,Gregory Radick
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139828352
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5493
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The naturalist and geologist Charles Darwin (1809–82) ranks as one of the most influential scientific thinkers of all time. In the nineteenth century his ideas about the history and diversity of life - including the evolutionary origin of humankind - contributed to major changes in the sciences, philosophy, social thought and religious belief. The Cambridge Companion to Darwin has established itself as an indispensable resource for anyone teaching or researching Darwin's theories and their historical and philosophical interpretations. Its distinguished team of contributors examines Darwin's main scientific ideas and their development; Darwin's science in the context of its times; the influence of Darwinian thought in recent philosophical, social and religious debate; and the importance of Darwinian thought for the future of naturalist philosophy. For this second edition, coverage has been expanded to include two new chapters: on Darwin, Hume and human nature, and on Darwin's theories in the intellectual long run, from the pre-Socratics to the present.

Evolution and Human Behavior

Evolution and Human Behavior

Darwinian Perspectives on Human Nature

  • Author: John Cartwright
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262531702
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 376
  • View: 1805
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The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.

Evolution and "the Sex Problem"

Evolution and

American Narratives During the Eclipse of Darwinism

  • Author: Bert Bender
  • Publisher: Kent State University Press
  • ISBN: 9780873388092
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 389
  • View: 1073
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A noteworthy investigation of the Darwinian element in American fiction from the realist through the Freudian eras. theories of sexual selection and of the emotions are essential elements in American fiction from the late 1800s through the 1950s, particularly during the Freudian era and the years surrounding the Scopes trial. the Sex Problem, and what resulted was a great diversity of American narratives aligned with either Darwinian or a number of anti-Darwinian theories of evolution. Included are intriguing discussions of works by Frank Norris, Jack London, Stephen Crane, Theodore Dreiser, Gertrude Stein, Willa Cather, Sherwood Anderson, F. Scott Fitzgerald, five writers of the Harlem Renaissance, John Steinbeck, and Ernest Hemingway. Among the ideas explored are Darwin's theory of common descent; the question of man's place in nature; the possibility of evolutionary progress; the issues of heredity and eugenics; the Darwinian basis of Freud's theory of sexual repression; the quandary of male violence and the role of female choice in sexual selection; the power of and the problems o rracial and sexual selection; the power of and the problems of racial and sexual difference; and the ecological problems that arose directly from Darwin's theory of evolution. America's major narratives of human life and love and will be appreciated by literary scholars and readers interested in Darwinism and culture.

A Whole New Mind

A Whole New Mind

Why Right-Brainers Will Rule the Future

  • Author: Daniel H. Pink
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 9781101157909
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 304
  • View: 3525
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The future belongs to a different kind of person with a different kind of mind: artists, inventors, storytellers-creative and holistic "right-brain" thinkers whose abilities mark the fault line between who gets ahead and who doesn't. Drawing on research from around the world, Pink (author of To Sell Is Human: The Surprising Truth About Motivating Others) outlines the six fundamentally human abilities that are absolute essentials for professional success and personal fulfillment--and reveals how to master them. A Whole New Mind takes readers to a daring new place, and a provocative and necessary new way of thinking about a future that's already here.

Die Abstammung des Menschen und die geschlechtliche Zuchtwahl

Die Abstammung des Menschen und die geschlechtliche Zuchtwahl

  • Author: Charles Darwin
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Heredity
  • Page: 377
  • View: 5443
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Infant Chimpanzee and Human Child : A Classic 1935 Comparative Study of Ape Emotions and Intelligence

Infant Chimpanzee and Human Child : A Classic 1935 Comparative Study of Ape Emotions and Intelligence

A Classic 1935 Comparative Study of Ape Emotions and Intelligence

  • Author: the late N. N. Ladygina-Kohts
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780199770793
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 592
  • View: 2632
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This edition presents the first complete English translation of N.N. Ladygina-Kohts' journal chronicling her pioneering work with the chimpanzee, Joni. The journal entries describe and compare the instincts, emotions, play, and habits of her son Rudy and Joni as each develops. First published in Moscow in 1935 as a memoir in the Darwin Museum Series, this edition has 120 photographs, 46 drawings and an introduction by Allen and Beatrix Gardner of the Center for Advanced Study at the University of Nevada, as well as a Foreword and an Afterword by Lisa A. Parr, Signe Preuschoft, and Frans B. M. de Waal of the Living Links Center at Emory University.

Child and Adolescent Development in Your Classroom

Child and Adolescent Development in Your Classroom

  • Author: Christi Crosby Bergin,David Allen Bergin
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • ISBN: 1285965604
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 736
  • View: 866
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Covering development from early childhood through high school in an easy-to-follow format, this book provides future teachers with authentic, research-based strategies and guidelines for their classrooms. The authors apply child development concepts to topics of high interest and relevance to teachers, including classroom discipline, constructivism, social-emotional development, and many others. A strong emphasis on diversity among children is reflected throughout. Case studies and real-world vignettes further bridge the distance between research and the classroom, helping future teachers be better prepared to create an environment that promotes optimal development in children. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.