Search Results for "american-prometheus-the-triumph-and-tragedy-of-j-robert-oppenheimer"

American Prometheus

American Prometheus

The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer

  • Author: Kai Bird,Martin J. Sherwin
  • Publisher: Vintage
  • ISBN: 0307424731
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 784
  • View: 9369
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J. Robert Oppenheimer is one of the iconic figures of the twentieth century, a brilliant physicist who led the effort to build the atomic bomb for his country in a time of war, and who later found himself confronting the moral consequences of scientific progress. In this magisterial, acclaimed biography twenty-five years in the making, Kai Bird and Martin Sherwin capture Oppenheimer’s life and times, from his early career to his central role in the Cold War. This is biography and history at its finest, riveting and deeply informative. From the Trade Paperback edition.

J. Robert Oppenheimer

J. Robert Oppenheimer

die Biographie

  • Author: Kai Bird,Martin J. Sherwin
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783548609805
  • Category:
  • Page: 672
  • View: 5604
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Die Rückkehr

Die Rückkehr

Auf der Suche nach meinem verlorenen Vater

  • Author: Hisham Matar
  • Publisher: Luchterhand Literaturverlag
  • ISBN: 3641194407
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 288
  • View: 6759
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Hisham Matar wuchs als Kind in Libyen auf, doch die Diktatur unter Gaddafi hat seine Familie früh zerstört. Er selbst lebt seit langem in England, sein Vater wurde in das berüchtigtste Gefängnis von Libyen verschleppt. In dem kurzen Zeitfenster nach Gaddafis Sturz und vor dem neuen Bürgerkrieg kehrt Hisham Matar in seine Heimat zurück, um endlich vor Ort nach seinem Vater zu suchen. Sein Buch ist ein bewegendes Dokument.

Das Mandelbaumtor

Das Mandelbaumtor

Roman

  • Author: Muriel Spark
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783257214666
  • Category:
  • Page: 350
  • View: 2638
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Morality's Muddy Waters

Morality's Muddy Waters

Ethical Quandaries in Modern America

  • Author: George Cotkin
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 9780812204834
  • Category: History
  • Page: 272
  • View: 8316
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In the face of an uncertain and dangerous world, Americans yearn for a firm moral compass, a clear set of ethical guidelines. But as history shows, by reducing complex situations to simple cases of right or wrong we often go astray. In Morality's Muddy Waters, historian George Cotkin offers a clarion call on behalf of moral complexity. Revisiting several defining moments in the twentieth century—the American bombing of civilians during World War II, the My Lai massacre, racism in the South, capital punishment, the invasion of Iraq—Cotkin chronicles how historical figures have grappled with the problem of evil and moral responsibility—sometimes successfully, oftentimes not. In the process, he offers a wide-ranging tour of modern American history. Taken together, Cotkin maintains, these episodes reveal that the central concepts of morality—evil, empathy, and virtue—are both necessary and troubling. Without empathy, for example, we fail to inhabit the world of others; with it, we sometimes elevate individual suffering over political complexities. For Cotkin, close historical analysis may help reenergize these concepts for ethical thinking and acting. Morality's Muddy Waters argues for a moral turn in the way we study and think about history, maintaining that even when answers to ethical dilemmas prove elusive, the act of grappling with them is invaluable.

Oppenheimer

Oppenheimer

The Tragic Intellect

  • Author: Charles Thorpe
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226798486
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 4823
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At a time when the Manhattan Project was synonymous with large-scale science, physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904–67) represented the new sociocultural power of the American intellectual. Catapulted to fame as director of the Los Alamos atomic weapons laboratory, Oppenheimer occupied a key position in the compact between science and the state that developed out of World War II. By tracing the making—and unmaking—of Oppenheimer’s wartime and postwar scientific identity, Charles Thorpe illustrates the struggles over the role of the scientist in relation to nuclear weapons, the state, and culture. A stylish intellectual biography, Oppenheimer maps out changes in the roles of scientists and intellectuals in twentieth-century America, ultimately revealing transformations in Oppenheimer’s persona that coincided with changing attitudes toward science in society. “This is an outstandingly well-researched book, a pleasure to read and distinguished by the high quality of its observations and judgments. It will be of special interest to scholars of modern history, but non-specialist readers will enjoy the clarity that Thorpe brings to common misunderstandings about his subject.”—Graham Farmelo, Times Higher Education Supplement “A fascinating new perspective. . . . Thorpe’s book provides the best perspective yet for understanding Oppenheimer’s Los Alamos years, which were critical, after all, not only to his life but, for better or worse, the history of mankind.”—Catherine Westfall, Nature

Der seltsamste Mensch

Der seltsamste Mensch

Das verborgene Leben des Quantengenies Paul Dirac

  • Author: Graham Farmelo
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 366256579X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 613
  • View: 2296
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Der seltsamste Mensch ist der mit dem Costa-Buchpreis ausgezeichnete Bericht über Paul Dirac, den berühmten Physiker, der manchmal als der englische Einstein bezeichnet wird. Er war einer der führenden Pioniere der großen Revolution in der Wissenschaft des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts: der Quantenmechanik. Und er war 1933 der jüngste Theoretiker, der den Nobelpreis für Physik erhalten hatte. Dirac war seltsam wortkarg, nahm alles wörtlich und seine gehemmte Art zu kommunizieren und seine mangelnde Empathiefähigkeit wurden legendär. Während seiner erfolgreichsten Schaffensperiode bestanden seine Postkarten ins Elternhaus nur aus Berichten über das Wetter. Auf der Basis zuvor nicht entdeckter Unterlagen aus dem Familienarchiv verbindet Graham Farmelo eine kenntnisreiche Schilderung der wissenschaftlichen Leistungen mit einem einfühlsamen Portrait des Individuums Paul Dirac. Er zeigt einen Menschen, der trotz extremer sozialer Gehemmtheit fähig ist zur Liebe und zu treuer Freundschaft. Der seltsamste Mensch ist eine außerordentliche menschlich berührende Story ebenso wie ein fesselnder Bericht über eine der aufregendsten Zeiten der Wissenschaftsgeschichte.

In der Sache J. Robert Oppenheimer

In der Sache J. Robert Oppenheimer

ein Stück und seine Geschichte

  • Author: Heinar Kipphardt
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Drama
  • Page: 316
  • View: 5887
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The First War of Physics: The Secret History of the Atom Bomb, 1939-1949

The First War of Physics: The Secret History of the Atom Bomb, 1939-1949

  • Author: Jim Baggott
  • Publisher: Pegasus Books
  • ISBN: 1605987697
  • Category: History
  • Page: 584
  • View: 1923
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An epic story of science and technology at the very limits of human understanding: the monumental race to build the first atomic weapons. Rich in personality, action, confrontation, and deception, The First War of Physics is the first fully realized popular account of the race to build humankind's most destructive weapon. The book draws on declassified material, such as MI6's Farm Hall transcripts, coded soviet messages cracked by American cryptographers in the Venona project, and interpretations by Russian scholars of documents from the soviet archives. Jim Baggott weaves these threads into a dramatic narrative that spans ten historic years, from the discovery of nuclear fission in 1939 to the aftermath of 'Joe-1,’ August 1949's first Soviet atomic bomb test. Why did physicists persist in developing the atomic bomb, despite the devastation that it could bring? Why, despite having a clear head start, did Hitler's physicists fail? Could the soviets have developed the bomb without spies like Klaus Fuchs or Donald Maclean? Did the allies really plot to assassinate a key member of the German bomb program? Did the physicists knowingly inspire the arms race? The First War of Physics is a grand and frightening story of scientific ambition, intrigue, and genius: a tale barely believable as fiction, which just happens to be historical fact.

Toxic Mix?

Toxic Mix?

A Handbook of Science and Politics

  • Author: Herbert N. Foerstel
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 0313362343
  • Category: History
  • Page: 240
  • View: 5676
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This book presents a comprehensive analysis of the contentious relationship between the White House and the scientific community from the FDR administration to the Obama administration. * Includes interviews with scientists and science experts * Presents photographs of scientists, politicians, and scientific accomplishments * Provides a bibliography of print and online resources for further reading * Outlines an annotated list of private organizations whose work relates to science and politics

Priests of Our Democracy

Priests of Our Democracy

The Supreme Court, Academic Freedom, and the Anti-Communist Purge

  • Author: Marjorie Heins
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814770266
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 384
  • View: 584
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Priests of Our Democracy tells of the teachers and professors who battled the anti-communist witch hunt of the 1950s. It traces the political fortunes of academic freedom beginning in the late 19th century, both on campus and in the courts. Combining political and legal history with wrenching personal stories, the book details how the anti-communist excesses of the 1950s inspired the Supreme Court to recognize the vital role of teachers and professors in American democracy. The crushing of dissent in the 1950s impoverished political discourse in ways that are still being felt, and First Amendment academic freedom, a product of that period, is in peril today. In compelling terms, this book shows why the issue should matter to everyone.

Troubled Apologies Among Japan, Korea, and the United States

Troubled Apologies Among Japan, Korea, and the United States

  • Author: Alexis Dudden
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 023151204X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 184
  • View: 8708
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Whether it's the Vatican addressing its role in the Second World War or the United States atoning for its treatment of native Hawai'ian islanders, apologizing for history has become a standard feature of the international political scene. As Alexis Dudden makes clear, interrogating this process is crucial to understanding the value of the political apology to the state. When governments apologize for past crimes, they take away the substance of apology that victims originally wanted for themselves. They rob victims of the dignity they seek while affording the state a new means with which to legitimize itself. Examining the interplay between political apology and apologetic history, Dudden focuses on the problematic relationship binding Japanese imperialism, South Korean state building, and American power in Asia. She examines this history through diplomatic, cultural, and social considerations in the postwar era and argues that the process of apology has created a knot from which none of these countries can escape without undoing decades of mythmaking.

From Roosevelt to Truman

From Roosevelt to Truman

Potsdam, Hiroshima, and the Cold War

  • Author: Wilson D. Miscamble
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521862442
  • Category: History
  • Page: 393
  • View: 446
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From Roosevelt to Truman initially investigates Truman's foreign policy background and then examines the legacy that FDR bequeathed to him.

The Long War

The Long War

A New History of U.S. National Security Policy Since World War II

  • Author: Andrew J. Bacevich
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231505868
  • Category: History
  • Page: 608
  • View: 6618
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Essays by a diverse and distinguished group of historians, political scientists, and sociologists examine the alarms, emergencies, controversies, and confusions that have characterized America's Cold War, the post-Cold War interval of the 1990s, and today's "Global War on Terror." This "Long War" has left its imprint on virtually every aspect of American life; by considering it as a whole, The Long War is the first volume to take a truly comprehensive look at America's response to the national-security crisis touched off by the events of World War II. Contributors consider topics ranging from grand strategy and strategic bombing to ideology and economics and assess the changing American way of war and Hollywood's surprisingly consistent depiction of Americans at war. They evaluate the evolution of the national-security apparatus and the role of dissenters who viewed the myriad activities of that apparatus with dismay. They take a fresh look at the Long War's civic implications and its impact on civil-military relations. More than a military history, The Long War examines the ideas, policies, and institutions that have developed since the United States claimed the role of global superpower. This protracted crisis has become a seemingly permanent, if not defining aspect of contemporary American life. In breaking down the old and artificial boundaries that have traditionally divided the postwar period into neat historical units, this volume provides a better understanding of the evolution of the United States and U.S. policy since World War II and offers a fresh perspective on our current national security predicament.

A History of the World

A History of the World

  • Author: Andrew Marr
  • Publisher: Pan Macmillan
  • ISBN: 0230767532
  • Category: History
  • Page: 500
  • View: 4829
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Our understanding of world history is changing, as new discoveries are made on all the continents and old prejudices are being challenged. In this truly global journey Andrew Marr revisits some of the traditional epic stories, from classical Greece and Rome to the rise of Napoleon, but surrounds them with less familiar material, from Peru to the Ukraine, China to the Caribbean. He looks at cultures that have failed and vanished, as well as the origins of today’s superpowers, and finds surprising echoes and parallels across vast distances and epochs. This is a book about the great change-makers of history and their times, people such as Cleopatra, Genghis Khan, Galileo and Mao, but it is also a book about us. For ‘the better we understand how rulers lose touch with reality, or why revolutions produce dictators more often than they produce happiness, or why some parts of the world are richer than others, the easier it is to understand our own times.’ Fresh, exciting and vividly readable, this is popular history at its very best.

Einstein, die Geschichte und andere Leidenschaften

Einstein, die Geschichte und andere Leidenschaften

Der Kampf gegen die Wissenschaft am Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts

  • Author: Gerald Holton
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3322850293
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 298
  • View: 1925
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Gerald Holton warnt mit Hilfe eines der größten Wissenschaftler unseres Jahrhunderts - Albert Einstein - vor der heutigen "Romantischen Rebellion", die für alle Fehler unserer heutigen Gesellschaft die Wissenschaft verantwortlich machen will und ein neues Denken propagiert. Dadurch, daß er die Einsteinsche Gedankenwelt sorgfältig durchleuchtet, zeigt er, daß die Spitzenergebnisse der Wissenschaft auf sehr viel Intuition beruhen und daß die moderne Wissenschaft in der Tat ein kreativer Ausdruck der westlichen Zivilisation ist.

The Republic of Nature

The Republic of Nature

An Environmental History of the United States

  • Author: Mark Fiege
  • Publisher: University of Washington Press
  • ISBN: 0295804149
  • Category: History
  • Page: 520
  • View: 1594
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In the dramatic narratives that comprise The Republic of Nature, Mark Fiege reframes the canonical account of American history based on the simple but radical premise that nothing in the nation's past can be considered apart from the natural circumstances in which it occurred. Revisiting historical icons so familiar that schoolchildren learn to take them for granted, he makes surprising connections that enable readers to see old stories in a new light. Among the historical moments revisited here, a revolutionary nation arises from its environment and struggles to reconcile the diversity of its people with the claim that nature is the source of liberty. Abraham Lincoln, an unlettered citizen from the countryside, steers the Union through a moment of extreme peril, guided by his clear-eyed vision of nature's capacity for improvement. In Topeka, Kansas, transformations of land and life prompt a lawsuit that culminates in the momentous civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education. By focusing on materials and processes intrinsic to all things and by highlighting the nature of the United States, Fiege recovers the forgotten and overlooked ground on which so much history has unfolded. In these pages, the nation's birth and development, pain and sorrow, ideals and enduring promise come to life as never before, making a once-familiar past seem new. The Republic of Nature points to a startlingly different version of history that calls on readers to reconnect with fundamental forces that shaped the American experience. For more information, visit the author's website: http://republicofnature.com/

Jesus Wants to Save Christians

Jesus Wants to Save Christians

  • Author: Rob Bell,Don Golden
  • Publisher: Harper Collins
  • ISBN: 0310275636
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 218
  • View: 8327
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There is a church not too far from us that recently added a $25 million addition to their building.Our local newspaper ran a front-page story not too long ago about a study revealing that one in five people in our city lives in poverty.This is a book about those two numbers.It's a book about faith and fear,wealth and war,poverty, power, safety, terror,Bibles, bombs, and homeland insecurity,It's about empty empires and the truth that everybody's a priest, it's about oppression, occupation, and what happens when Christians support, animate and participate in the very things Jesus came to set people free from.It's about what it means to be a part of the church of Jesus in a world where some people fly planes into buildings while others pick up groceries in Hummers.

Angst in den internationalen Beziehungen

Angst in den internationalen Beziehungen

  • Author: Patrick Bormann,Thomas Freiberger,Judith Michel
  • Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
  • ISBN: 3899716310
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 319
  • View: 9335
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English summary: Perceptions of threat have always played a central role in foreign policy. This conference volume on Fear in International Politics examines the relevance of fear for decision-making processes in foreign policy by drawing on selected case studies in modern times. Following theoretical preliminary considerations, the first section differentiates between various emotions connected with fear. The next part analyses how fear influences perception. After that, the volume focuses on the instrumentalisation of fear and the fear that politicians have of the fears of the populace. The volume closes with two historical overviews dealing with the motives of fear stretching over several centuries. The variety of perspectives in this volume give new impulses for the examination of decision-making processes and stresses the necessity of historical analyses of emotional factors. German text. German description: Gefahrenvorstellungen spielen seit jeher eine zentrale Rolle in der Aussenpolitik. Dieser Band geht der Bedeutung der Angst fur aussenpolitische Entscheidungsprozesse anhand von ausgewahlten Fallbeispielen in der Neuzeit nach. Nach theore-tischen Voruberlegungen differenziert der erste Themen-komplex die verschiedenen mit Angst verbundenen Emotionen, anschliessend steht die Angst als Perzeptionsfaktor im Fokus. Die Instrumentalisierung von Angst wird in der Folge ebenso in den Blick genommen wie die Angst der Regierenden vor der Angst der Regierten. Abgeschlossen wird der Band durch zwei historische Langsschnitte: Hier werden Angstmotive in den Blick genommen, deren Wirkung sich uber mehrere Jahrhunderte erstreckte. Mit seinen vielseitigen Perspektiven gibt der Sammelband neue Impulse fur die Untersuchung von Entscheidungs-prozessen in den Internationalen Beziehungen und hebt die Notwendigkeit der historischen Analyse von emotionalen Faktoren hervor.

Genius in the Shadows

Genius in the Shadows

A Biography of Leo Szilard, the Man Behind the Bomb

  • Author: William Lanouette,Bela Silard
  • Publisher: Skyhorse
  • ISBN: 1628734779
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 641
  • View: 5395
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Well-known names such as Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Edward Teller are usually those that surround the creation of the atom bomb. One name that is rarely mentioned is Leo Szilard, known in scientific circles as “father of the atom bomb.” The man who first developed the idea of harnessing energy from nuclear chain reactions, he is curiously buried with barely a trace in the history of this well-known and controversial topic. Born in Hungary and educated in Berlin, he escaped Hitler’s Germany in 1933 and that first year developed his concept of nuclear chain reactions. In order to prevent Nazi scientists from stealing his ideas, he kept his theories secret, until he and Albert Einstein pressed the US government to research atomic reactions and designed the first nuclear reactor. Though he started his career out lobbying for civilian control of atomic energy, he concluded it with founding, in 1962, the first political action committee for arms control, the Council for a Livable World. Besides his career in atomic energy, he also studied biology and sparked ideas that won others the Nobel Prize. The Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California, where Szilard spent his final days, was developed from his concepts to blend science and social issues.