Search Results for "an-introduction-to-problems-in-the-philosophy-of-social-science"

An introduction to problems in the philosophy of social sciences

An introduction to problems in the philosophy of social sciences

  • Author: Keith Webb
  • Publisher: Pinter Pub Ltd
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 188
  • View: 9523
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An Introduction To The Philosophy Of Social Research

An Introduction To The Philosophy Of Social Research

  • Author: Tim May,Malcolm Williams
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135367175
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 240
  • View: 8845
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This is an accessible introduction to the philosophy of social research which relates philosophical ideas to actual research practice. The book makes effective use of illustrations from the UK, US and Europe to examine specific problems and broader issues. The book is intended for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in social research methods within sociology, social policy, politics, social psychology, human geography; philosophy of social science and social theory courses; and as a personal reference for professional researchers.

Varieties of social explanation

Varieties of social explanation

an introduction to the philosophy of social science

  • Author: Daniel Little
  • Publisher: Westview Pr
  • ISBN: 9780813305653
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 258
  • View: 2832
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"Professor Little presents an introduction to the philosophy of social science with an emphasis on the central forms of explanation in social science: rational-intentional, causal, functional, structur"

Theory and Reality

Theory and Reality

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

  • Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226300610
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 1783
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How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and Reality covers logical positivism; the problems of induction and confirmation; Karl Popper's theory of science; Thomas Kuhn and "scientific revolutions"; the views of Imre Lakatos, Larry Laudan, and Paul Feyerabend; and challenges to the field from sociology of science, feminism, and science studies. The book then looks in more detail at some specific problems and theories, including scientific realism, the theory-ladeness of observation, scientific explanation, and Bayesianism. Finally, Godfrey-Smith defends a form of philosophical naturalism as the best way to solve the main problems in the field. Throughout the text he points out connections between philosophical debates and wider discussions about science in recent decades, such as the infamous "science wars." Examples and asides engage the beginning student; a glossary of terms explains key concepts; and suggestions for further reading are included at the end of each chapter. However, this is a textbook that doesn't feel like a textbook because it captures the historical drama of changes in how science has been conceived over the last one hundred years. Like no other text in this field, Theory and Reality combines a survey of recent history of the philosophy of science with current key debates in language that any beginning scholar or critical reader can follow.

The Philosophy of Social Science

The Philosophy of Social Science

An Introduction

  • Author: Martin Hollis
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521447805
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 268
  • View: 5803
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An introduction to the philosophy of social science from a well-known author.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

  • Author: Lisa Bortolotti
  • Publisher: Polity
  • ISBN: 9780745635392
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 256
  • View: 398
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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science provides a lively and accessible introduction to current key issues and debates in this area. The classic philosophical questions about methodology, progress, rationality and reality are addressed by reference to examples from the full range of natural and social sciences. Lisa Bortolotti uses a historically-informed perspective on the evolution of science and includes a thorough discussion of the ethical implications of scientific research. Special attention is paid to the complex relationship between the advancement of science, policy making and public interest and to the continuity between scientific research and other human activities. The book is designed to help students think for themselves about the issues identified above, and includes information tables and questions for further reflection to support all stages of the teaching and learning experience, from the comprehension of primary and other secondary texts to debate and essay writing. It also includes a thematic bibliography and a glossary of technical terms. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science is an excellent introduction to philosophy for students and provides researchers of scientific disciplines with an opportunity to reflect upon the value and impact of their work. It is also a stimulating read for anybody who is interested in the philosophical issues raised by the status of scientific knowledge, the practice of science and the role of experts in contemporary society.

Readings in the Philosophy of Social Science

Readings in the Philosophy of Social Science

  • Author: Michael Martin,Lee C. McIntyre
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262631518
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 785
  • View: 2336
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the first comprehensive anthology in the philosophy of social science to appear since the late 1960s

Philosophy of Social Science

Philosophy of Social Science

A Contemporary Introduction

  • Author: Mark Risjord
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136627510
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 302
  • View: 4381
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The Philosophy of Social Science: A Contemporary Introduction examines the perennial questions of philosophy by engaging with the empirical study of society. The book offers a comprehensive overview of debates in the field, with special attention to questions arising from new research programs in the social sciences. The text uses detailed examples of social scientific research to motivate and illustrate the philosophical discussion. Topics include the relationship of social policy to social science, interpretive research, action explanation, game theory, social scientific accounts of norms, joint intentionality, reductionism, causal modeling, case study research, and experimentation.

The Meaning of Science

The Meaning of Science

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

  • Author: Tim Lewens
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0465097499
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 2189
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Science has produced explanations for everything from the mechanisms of insect navigation to the formation of black holes and the workings of black markets. But how much can we trust science, and can we actually know the world through it? How does science work and how does it fail? And how can the work of scientists helpÑor hurtÑeveryday people? These are not questions that science can answer on its own. This is where philosophy of science comes in. Studying science without philosophy is, to quote Einstein, to be Òlike somebody who has seen thousands of trees but has never seen a forest.Ó Cambridge philosopher Tim Lewens shows us the forest. He walks us through the theories of seminal philosophers of science Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn and considers what science is, how far it can and should reach, and how we can determine the nature of its truths and myths. These philosophical issues have consequences that stretch far beyond the laboratory. For instance: What role should scientists have in policy discussions on environmental issues such as fracking? What are the biases at play in the search for a biological function of the female orgasm? If brain scans can be used to demonstrate that a decision was made several seconds before a person actually makes a conscious choice, what does that tell us about the possibility of free will? By examining science through this philosophical lens, Lewens reveals what physics can teach us about reality, what biology teaches us about human nature, and what cognitive science teaches us about human freedom. A masterful analysis of the biggest scientific and ethical issues of our age, The Meaning of Science forces us to confront the practical, personal, and political purposes of scienceÑand why it matters to all of us.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind

  • Author: E. J. Lowe
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521654289
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 318
  • View: 7900
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A lucid and wide-ranging 2000 introduction suitable for readers with a basic grounding in philosophy.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics

  • Author: Mark Colyvan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521826020
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 188
  • View: 9452
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This introduction to the philosophy of mathematics focuses on contemporary debates in an important and central area of philosophy. The reader is taken on a fascinating and entertaining journey through some intriguing mathematical and philosophical territory, including such topics as the realism/anti-realism debate in mathematics, mathematical explanation, the limits of mathematics, the significance of mathematical notation, inconsistent mathematics and the applications of mathematics. Each chapter has a number of discussion questions and recommended further reading from both the contemporary literature and older sources. Very little mathematical background is assumed and all of the mathematics encountered is clearly introduced and explained using a wide variety of examples. The book is suitable for an undergraduate course in philosophy of mathematics and, more widely, for anyone interested in philosophy and mathematics.

Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

  • Author: Merrilee H. Salmon
  • Publisher: Hackett Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780872204508
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 458
  • View: 7924
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A reprint of the Prentice-Hall edition of 1992. Prepared by nine distinguished philosophers and historians of science, this thoughtful reader represents a cooperative effort to provide an introduction to the philosophy of science focused on cultivating an understanding of both the workings of science and its historical and social context. Selections range from discussions of topics in general methodology to a sampling of foundational problems in various physical, biological, behavioral, and social sciences. Each chapter contains a list of suggested readings and study questions.

Worldviews

Worldviews

An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science

  • Author: Richard DeWitt
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 144439276X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 392
  • View: 1277
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Updated throughout and with three entirely new chapters, Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science, Second Edition furthers its reputation as the definitive introductory text on the historical developments and philosophical issues that inform our scientific view of the world around us. Represents an innovative introduction to the history and philosophy of science, designed especially for those coming to the subject for the first time Updated new edition features the addition of chapters focusing on scientific laws, evolutionary theory, and implications of evolution Covers the key historical developments and philosophical themes that have impacted our scientific view of the world around us Analyzes the transitions from the Aristotelian worldview to the Newtonian worldview to a new and currently developing worldview Explores challenges to the Western scientific worldview brought on by recent discoveries

Knowledge and Society

Knowledge and Society

An Introduction to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences

  • Author: Arnold Boyd Levison
  • Publisher: Ardent Media
  • ISBN: 9780672536618
  • Category: Sciences sociales
  • Page: 188
  • View: 529
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The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences

The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences

  • Author: Stephen P. Turner,Paul A. Roth
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470701536
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 400
  • View: 1728
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The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences collects newly commissioned essays that examine fundamental issues in the social sciences.

An Introduction to Criminological Theory and the Problem of Causation

An Introduction to Criminological Theory and the Problem of Causation

  • Author: Jason Warr
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319474464
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 94
  • View: 2613
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This text offers a novel contribution to the literature on core criminological theory by introducing the complex issues relating to the structuring and analysing of causation. This text traces the paradigm shift, or drift, that has occurred in the history of criminology and shows how the problem of causation has been a leading factor in these theoretical developments. This short book is the first of its kind and is an introductory text designed to introduce both seasoned criminologists as well as students of criminology to the interesting intersections between the fields of criminology and the philosophy of the social sciences. The problem of causation is notoriously difficult and has plagued philosophers and scientists for centuries. Warr highlights the importance of grappling with this problem and demonstrates how it can lead to unsuccessful theorising and can prevent students from fully appreciating the development of thinking in criminology. This accessible account will prove to be a must-read for scholars of criminal justice, penology and philosophy of social science.

Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction

Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Samir Okasha
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191062790
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 160
  • View: 7728
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How much faith should we place in what scientists tell us? Is it possible for scientific knowledge to be fully 'objective'? What, really, can be defined as science? In the second edition of this Very Short Introduction, Samir Okasha explores the main themes and theories of contemporary philosophy of science, and investigates fascinating, challenging questions such as these. Starting at the very beginning, with a concise overview of the history of science, Okasha examines the nature of fundamental practices such as reasoning, causation, and explanation. Looking at scientific revolutions and the issue of scientific change, he asks whether there is a discernible pattern to the way scientific ideas change over time, and discusses realist versus anti-realist attitudes towards science. He finishes by considering science today, and the social and ethical philosophical questions surrounding modern science. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Philosophy of Social Science

Philosophy of Social Science

  • Author: Alexander Rosenberg
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429974477
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 360
  • View: 3556
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Philosophy of Social Science provides a tightly argued yet accessible introduction to the philosophical foundations of the human sciences, including economics, anthropology, sociology, political science, psychology, history, and the disciplines emerging at the intersections of these subjects with biology. Philosophy is unavoidable for social scientists because the choices they make in answering questions in their disciplines force them to take sides on philosophical matters. Conversely, the philosophy of social science is equally necessary for philosophers since the social and behavior sciences must inform their understanding of human action, norms, and social institutions. The fifth edition retains from previous editions an illuminating interpretation of the enduring relations between the social sciences and philosophy, and reflects on developments in social research over the past two decades that have informed and renewed debate in the philosophy of social science. An expanded discussion of philosophical anthropology and modern and postmodern critical theory is new for this edition.

Philosophy of Social Science

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

  • Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199645094
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 330
  • View: 3066
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This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

Epistemology

Epistemology

An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

  • Author: Nicholas Rescher
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791486370
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 424
  • View: 2953
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A comprehensive introduction to the theory of knowledge.