Search Results for "an-introduction-to-rheology-rheology-series"

An Introduction to Rheology

An Introduction to Rheology

  • Author: Howard A. Barnes,John Fletcher Hutton,Kenneth Walters
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780444871404
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 199
  • View: 1153
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This text introduces the subject of rheology in terms understandable to non-experts and describes the application of rheological principles to many industrial products and processes.

Introduction to Polymer Rheology

Introduction to Polymer Rheology

  • Author: Montgomery T. Shaw
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470388447
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 395
  • View: 7886
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"Providing new students and practitioners with an easy-to-understand introduction to the theory and practice an often complicated subject, Introduction to Polymer Rheology incorporates worked problems and problems with appended answers to provide opportunities for review and further learning of more advanced concepts. By limiting the use of mathematics within an approachable format, this introductory overview ensures practicing scientists and engineers understand the concepts underlying the flow behavior of polymer melts, solutions, and suspensions, and are able to interpret experimental data correctly and provide additional insight on a process"--

Rheology: An Historical Perspective

Rheology: An Historical Perspective

  • Author: R.I. Tanner,K. Walters
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080540573
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 254
  • View: 6516
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The science of rheology remains a mystery to most people, even to some scientists. Some respectable dictionaries have been quite cavalier in their attitude to the science, the small Collins Gem dictionary, for example, being quite happy to inform us that a Rhea is an three-toed South American ostrich, whilst at the same time offering no definition of rheology. This maybe due to the fact that the science is interdisciplinary and does not fit well into any one of the historical disciplines. This book contains an in-depth study of the history of rheology, beginning with the statements of Heraclitus, Confucius and the prophetess Deborah. It also emphasises the distinctive contributions of Newton, Hooke, Boltzmann, Maxwell, Kelvin and others, and culminates in the flourishing activity in the second half of this century. Features of this book: • Is the only book on the subject • Prevents the rediscovery of results already made • Will educate newcomers to the field to the rich heritage in even a relatively recent science like rheology. The book will be invaluable for science and scientific history libraries and will also be of interest to rheologists, and scientists working in the polymer processing, food, lubrication, detergent and similar industries.

Understanding Viscoelasticity

Understanding Viscoelasticity

An Introduction to Rheology

  • Author: Nhan Phan-Thien,Nam Mai-Duy
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319620002
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 1844
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This book presents an introduction to viscoelasticity, in particular, to the theories of dilute polymer solutions and dilute suspensions of rigid particles in viscous and incompressible fluids. These theories are important, not just because they apply to practical problems of industrial interest, but because they form a solid theoretical base upon which mathematical techniques can be built, from which more complex theories can be constructed, to better mimic material behaviour. The emphasis of this book is not on the voluminous current topical research, but on the necessary tools to understand viscoelasticity. This is a compact book for a first year graduate course in viscoelasticity and modelling of viscoelastic multiphase fluids. The Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) is introduced as a particle-based method, relevant in modelling of complex-structured fluids. All the basic ideas in DPD are reviewed. The third edition has been updated and expanded with new results in the meso-scale modelling, links between the fluid modelling to its physical parameters and new matlab programs illustrating the modelling. Particle-based modelling techniques for complex-structure fluids are added together with some sample programs. A solution manual to the problems is included.

High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics

High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics

  • Author: Scott S Bair
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080475301
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 260
  • View: 6780
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Computational elastohydrodynamics, a part of tribology, has existed happily enough for about fifty years without the use of accurate models for the rheology of the liquids used as lubricants. For low molecular weight liquids, such as low viscosity mineral oils, it has been possible to calculate, with precision, the film thickness in a concentrated contact provided that the pressure and temperature are relatively low, even when the pressure variation of viscosity is not accurately modelled in detail. Other successes have been more qualitative in nature, using effective properties which come from the fitting of parameters used in calculations to experimental measurements of the contact behaviour, friction or film thickness. High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics is intended to provide a sufficiently accurate framework for the rheology of liquids at elevated pressure that it may be possible for computational elastohydrodynamics to discover the relationships between the behaviour of a lubricated concentrated contact and the measurable properties of the liquid lubricant. The required high-pressure measurement techniques are revealed in detail and data are presented for chemically well-defined liquids that may be used as quantitative reference materials. * Presents the property relations required for a quantitative calculation of the tribological behaviour of lubricated concentrated contacts. * Details of high-pressure experimental techniques. * Complete description of the pressure and temperature dependence of viscosity for high pressures. * Some little-known limitations on EHL modelling.

Rheological Fundamentals of Polymer Processing

Rheological Fundamentals of Polymer Processing

  • Author: Jose Covas,J.F. Agassant,A.C. Diogo,J. Vlachopoulos,K. Walters
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401585717
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 464
  • View: 5718
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Experts in rheology and polymer processing present up-to-date, fundamental and applied information on the rheological properties of polymers, in particular those relevant to processing, contributing to the physical understanding and the mathematical modelling of polymer processing sequences. Basic concepts of non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, micro-rheological modelling and constitutive modelling are reviewed, and rheological measurements are described. Topics with practical relevance are debated, such as linear viscoelasticity, converging and diverging flows, and the rheology of multiphase systems. Approximation methods are discussed for the computer modelling of polymer melt flow. Subsequently, polymer processing technologies are studied from both simulation and engineering perspectives. Mixing, crystallization and reactive processing aspects are also included. Audience: An integrated and complete view of polymer processing and rheology, important to institutions and individuals engaged in the characterisation, testing, compounding, modification and processing of polymeric materials. Can also support academic polymer processing engineering programs.

Food Engineering - Volume II

Food Engineering - Volume II

  • Author: Gustavo V. Barbosa-Cánovas
  • Publisher: EOLSS Publications
  • ISBN: 1905839456
  • Category:
  • Page: 334
  • View: 6257
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Food Engineering is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Food Engineering became an academic discipline in the 1950s. Today it is a professional and scientific multidisciplinary field related to food manufacturing and the practical applications of food science. These volumes cover five main topics: Engineering Properties of Foods; Thermodynamics in Food Engineering; Food Rheology and Texture; Food Process Engineering; Food Plant Design, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These four volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs

Theoretical rheology

Theoretical rheology

  • Author: John Fletcher Hutton,John Richard Anthony Pearson,Kenneth Walters,British Society of Rheology
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 377
  • View: 2385
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Rheology for Chemists

Rheology for Chemists

An Introduction

  • Author: J W Goodwin,R W Hughes
  • Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
  • ISBN: 1847558046
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 276
  • View: 8616
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Rheology is an integral part of life, from decorative paint and movement of volcanic lava to the flow of blood in our veins. This book describes, without the use of complex mathematics, how atoms and molecules interact to control the handling properties of materials ranging from simple ionic crystals through polymers to colloidal dispersions. Beginning with an introduction to essential terminology, Rheology for Chemists goes on to discuss limiting behaviour, temporal behaviour and non-linear behaviour. Throughout, examples of everyday experiments are provided to illustrate the theory, which increases in complexity with each discrete chapter. Ideas are developed in a systematic fashion so that the mechanisms responsible for the elastic, viscous or viscoelastic behaviour of systems are understood. The text thus progresses in a manner that makes it an ideal introduction to rheology for any scientist who needs to use the ideas to modify systems. Comprehensive and unique in approach, this book will provide the necessary introduction to rheology for many undergraduates and graduates, as well as being valuable for laboratory and industrial staff requiring an introduction to this fascinating subject.

The Rheology Handbook

The Rheology Handbook

For Users of Rotational and Oscillatory Rheometers

  • Author: Thomas G. Mezger
  • Publisher: Vincentz Network GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 9783878701743
  • Category: Deformations (Mechanics)
  • Page: 299
  • View: 2443
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Numerical Simulation of Non-Newtonian Flow

Numerical Simulation of Non-Newtonian Flow

  • Author: M.J. Crochet,A.R. Davies,K. Walters
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0444598553
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 367
  • View: 4447
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Numerical Simulation of Non-Newtonian Flow focuses on the numerical simulation of non-Newtonian flow using finite difference and finite element techniques. Topics range from the basic equations governing non-Newtonian fluid mechanics to flow classification and finite element calculation of flow (generalized Newtonian flow and viscoelastic flow). An overview of finite difference and finite element methods is also presented. Comprised of 11 chapters, this volume begins with an introduction to non-Newtonian mechanics, paying particular attention to the rheometrical properties of non-Newtonian fluids as well as non-Newtonian flow in complex geometries. The role of non-Newtonian fluid mechanics is also considered. The discussion then turns to the basic equations governing non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, including Navier Stokes equations and rheological equations of state. The next chapter describes a flow classification in which the various flow problems are grouped under five main headings: flows dominated by shear viscosity, slow flows (slightly elastic liquids), small deformation flows, nearly-viscometric flows, and long-range memory effects in complex flows. The remainder of the book is devoted to numerical analysis of non-Newtonian fluids using finite difference and finite element techniques. This monograph will be of interest to students and practitioners of physics and mathematics.

Colloidal Suspension Rheology

Colloidal Suspension Rheology

  • Author: Jan Mewis,Norman J. Wagner
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521515998
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 393
  • View: 8067
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Presented in an accessible and introductory manner, this is the first book devoted to the comprehensive study of colloidal suspensions.

Understanding Viscoelasticity

Understanding Viscoelasticity

Basics of Rheology

  • Author: Nhan Phan-Thien
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 366210704X
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 146
  • View: 5341
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In this book, the necessary background for understanding viscoelasticity is covered; both the continuum and microstructure approaches to modelling viscoelastic materials are discussed, since neither approach alone is sufficient.

Encyclopedia of Agrophysics

Encyclopedia of Agrophysics

  • Author: Jan Gliński,Józef Horabik,Jerzy Lipiec
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9048135842
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 1028
  • View: 7037
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This Encyclopedia of Agrophysics will provide up-to-date information on the physical properties and processes affecting the quality of the environment and plant production. It will be a "first-up" volume which will nicely complement the recently published Encyclopedia of Soil Science, (November 2007) which was published in the same series. In a single authoritative volume a collection of about 250 informative articles and ca 400 glossary terms covering all aspects of agrophysics will be presented. The authors will be renowned specialists in various aspects in agrophysics from a wide variety of countries. Agrophysics is important both for research and practical use not only in agriculture, but also in areas like environmental science, land reclamation, food processing etc. Agrophysics is a relatively new interdisciplinary field closely related to Agrochemistry, Agrobiology, Agroclimatology and Agroecology. Nowadays it has been fully accepted as an agricultural and environmental discipline. As such this Encyclopedia volume will be an indispensable working tool for scientists and practitioners from different disciplines, like agriculture, soil science, geosciences, environmental science, geography, and engineering.

Hyaluronan

Hyaluronan

  • Author: Glyn O. Phillips,John F. Kennedy
  • Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781855735705
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 577
  • View: 9760
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Hyaluronan and its derivatives has developed very quickly in the last few years from a scientific novelty into an important new material for a diverse range of medical and biomaterial applications. This landmark conference focused on developments and applications in the use of hyaluronan in tissue repair and reconstruction, drug delivery systems, anti-cancer treatments and joint recovery and engineering. The entire range of hyaluronan progress is covered in depth by the more than 135 individual papers: Analytical chemistry Structural elucidation and basic chemistry Electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy Production, purification and characterisation Quality in production systems Chemical modification Derivatives and properties Cross-linking Free radical modification Physical characterisation Rheology Aggregation phenomena Interaction with water and solution properties Cell biology Control and regulation of HA synthases Cell surface chemistry HA cell receptors and cell signalling Interaction with proteins and other biological ligands Biophysical aspects Effects on pain receptors Neurobiology Role in organisation of extracellular matrix Role in development (embryogenesis): cell movement/migration Medical applications Uses in cartilage and wound repair Inflammation Wound regenerative healing Surgery and tissue engineering Viscosupplementation / osteoarthritis Viscoaugmentation and viscoprotection Anti-adhesion applications Brug delivery systems Binding onto tumour cells and metastases Outlines the proceedings of the landmark conference which focused on key developments and applications in the use of hyaluronan in tissue repair and reconstruction, among other uses The entire range of hyaluronan processes is dealt with in depth by more than 135 individual papers presented in two volumes Covers analytical chemistry, chemical modification, physical characterisation, cell biology and medical applications

Understanding the Rheology of Concrete

Understanding the Rheology of Concrete

  • Author: N Roussel
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0857095285
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 5352
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Estimating, modelling, controlling and monitoring the flow of concrete is a vital part of the construction process, as the properties of concrete before it has set can have a significant impact on performance. This book provides a detailed overview of the rheological behaviour of concrete, including measurement techniques, the impact of mix design, and casting. Part one begins with two introductory chapters dealing with the rheology and rheometry of complex fluids, followed by chapters that examine specific measurement and testing techniques for concrete. The focus of part two is the impact of mix design on the rheological behaviour of concrete, looking at additives including superplasticizers and viscosity agents. Finally, chapters in part three cover topics related to casting, such as thixotropy and formwork pressure. With its distinguished editor and expert team of contributors, Understanding the rheology of concrete is an essential reference for researchers, materials specifiers, architects and designers in any section of the construction industry that makes use of concrete, and will also benefit graduate and undergraduate students of civil engineering, materials and construction. Provides a detailed overview of the rheological behaviour of concrete, including measurement techniques, casting and the impact of mix design The estimating, modelling, controlling and monitoring of concrete flow is comprehensively discussed Chapters examine specific measurement and testing techniques for concrete, the impact of mix design on the rheological behaviour of concrete, particle packaging and viscosity-enhancing admixtures

Fluids, Colloids and Soft Materials

Fluids, Colloids and Soft Materials

An Introduction to Soft Matter Physics

  • Author: Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Antonio Manuel Puertas
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 111806562X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 432
  • View: 1043
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This book presents a compilation of self-contained chapters covering a wide range of topics within the broad field of soft condensed matter. Each chapter starts with basic definitions to bring the reader up-to-date on the topic at hand, describing how to use fluid flows to generate soft materials of high value either for applications or for basic research. Coverage includes topics related to colloidal suspensions and soft materials and how they differ in behavior, along with a roadmap for researchers on how to use soft materials to study relevant physics questions related to geometrical frustration.

Understanding Rheology

Understanding Rheology

  • Author: Faith A. Morrison
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195141665
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 545
  • View: 1848
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Rheology--the study of the deformation and flow of matter--deals primarily with the stresses generated during the flow of complex materials including polymers, colloids, foams, and gels. A rapidly growing and industrially important field, it plays a significant role in polymer processing, food processing, coating and printing, and many other manufacturing processes. Designed as a main text for advanced undergraduate- or graduate-level courses in rheology or polymer rheology, Understanding Rheology is also an ideal self-teaching guide for practicing engineers and scientists who find rheological principles applicable to their work. Covering the most important aspects of elementary modern rheology, this detailed and accessible text opens with an introduction to the field and then provides extensive background chapters on vector and tensor operations and Newtonian fluid mechanics. It continues with coverage of such topics as: * Standard Flows for Rheology * Material Functions * Experimental Observations * Generalized Newtonian Fluids * Generalized Linear-Viscoelastic Fluids * Nonlinear Constitutive Equations * Rheometry, including rheo-optics Understanding Rheology incorporates helpful pedagogical aids including numerous problems for each chapter, many worked examples, and an extensive glossary. It also contains useful appendices on nomenclature, mathematical tools, predictions of constitutive equations, and birefringence.

Rheological Phenomena in Focus

Rheological Phenomena in Focus

  • Author: D.V. Boger,K. Walters
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 044460068X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 156
  • View: 6107
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More than possibly any other scientific discipline, rheology is easily visualized and the relevant literature contains many excellent photographs of unusual and often bizarre phenomena. The present book brings together these photographs for the first time. They are supported by a full explanatory text. Rheological Phenomena in Focus will be an indispensable support manual to all those who teach rheology or have to convince colleagues of the practical relevance of the subject within an industrial setting. For those who teach fluid mechanics, the book clearly illustrates the difference between inelastic fluids and viscoelastic fluids in a number of important flow fields. For example, the influence of the configuration of molecules in an entry flow, the influence of rounding corners, the reluctance of elastic liquids to turn corners, and the sensitivity of elastic fluids to asymmetries in the flow are clearly illustrated. In addition many flow instabilities, where fluid elasticity is clearly the dominant variable, are shown.

Rheology of Fluid, Semisolid, and Solid Foods

Rheology of Fluid, Semisolid, and Solid Foods

Principles and Applications

  • Author: Anandha Rao
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461492300
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 461
  • View: 8529
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This revised third edition of Rheology of Fluid, Semisolid, and Solid Foods includes the following important additions: · A section on microstructure · Discussion of the quantitative characterization of nanometer-scale milk protein fibrils in terms of persistence and contour length. · A phase diagram of a colloidal glass of hard spheres and its relationship to milk protein dispersions · Microrheology, including detailed descriptions of single particle and multi-particle microrheological measurements · Diffusive Wave Spectroscopy · Correlation of Bostwick consistometer data with property-based dimensionless groups · A section on the effect of calcium on the morphology and functionality of whey protein nanometer-scale fibrils · Discussion of how tribology and rheology can be used for the sensory perception of foods