Search Results for "an-introduction-to-statistics"

An Introduction to Statistics with Python

An Introduction to Statistics with Python

With Applications in the Life Sciences

  • Author: Thomas Haslwanter
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319283162
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 278
  • View: 7101
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This textbook provides an introduction to the free software Python and its use for statistical data analysis. It covers common statistical tests for continuous, discrete and categorical data, as well as linear regression analysis and topics from survival analysis and Bayesian statistics. Working code and data for Python solutions for each test, together with easy-to-follow Python examples, can be reproduced by the reader and reinforce their immediate understanding of the topic. With recent advances in the Python ecosystem, Python has become a popular language for scientific computing, offering a powerful environment for statistical data analysis and an interesting alternative to R. The book is intended for master and PhD students, mainly from the life and medical sciences, with a basic knowledge of statistics. As it also provides some statistics background, the book can be used by anyone who wants to perform a statistical data analysis.

An Introduction to Statistical Concepts

An Introduction to Statistical Concepts

Third Edition

  • Author: Debbie L Hahs-Vaughn,Richard G Lomax
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136490124
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 840
  • View: 6914
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This comprehensive, flexible text is used in both one- and two-semester courses to review introductory through intermediate statistics. Instructors select the topics that are most appropriate for their course. Its conceptual approach helps students more easily understand the concepts and interpret SPSS and research results. Key concepts are simply stated and occasionally reintroduced and related to one another for reinforcement. Numerous examples demonstrate their relevance. This edition features more explanation to increase understanding of the concepts. Only crucial equations are included. In addition to updating throughout, the new edition features: New co-author, Debbie L. Hahs-Vaughn, the 2007 recipient of the University of Central Florida's College of Education Excellence in Graduate Teaching Award. A new chapter on logistic regression models for today's more complex methodologies. More on computing confidence intervals and conducting power analyses using G*Power. Many more SPSS screenshots to assist with understanding how to navigate SPSS and annotated SPSS output to assist in the interpretation of results. Extended sections on how to write-up statistical results in APA format. New learning tools including chapter-opening vignettes, outlines, and a list of key concepts, many more examples, tables, and figures, boxes, and chapter summaries. More tables of assumptions and the effects of their violation including how to test them in SPSS. 33% new conceptual, computational, and all new interpretative problems. A website that features PowerPoint slides, answers to the even-numbered problems, and test items for instructors, and for students the chapter outlines, key concepts, and datasets that can be used in SPSS and other packages, and more. Each chapter begins with an outline, a list of key concepts, and a vignette related to those concepts. Realistic examples from education and the behavioral sciences illustrate those concepts. Each example examines the procedures and assumptions and provides instructions for how to run SPSS, including annotated output, and tips to develop an APA style write-up. Useful tables of assumptions and the effects of their violation are included, along with how to test assumptions in SPSS. 'Stop and Think' boxes provide helpful tips for better understanding the concepts. Each chapter includes computational, conceptual, and interpretive problems. The data sets used in the examples and problems are provided on the web. Answers to the odd-numbered problems are given in the book. The first five chapters review descriptive statistics including ways of representing data graphically, statistical measures, the normal distribution, and probability and sampling. The remainder of the text covers inferential statistics involving means, proportions, variances, and correlations, basic and advanced analysis of variance and regression models. Topics not dealt with in other texts such as robust methods, multiple comparison and nonparametric procedures, and advanced ANOVA and multiple and logistic regression models are also reviewed. Intended for one- or two-semester courses in statistics taught in education and/or the behavioral sciences at the graduate and/or advanced undergraduate level, knowledge of statistics is not a prerequisite. A rudimentary knowledge of algebra is required.

Introduction to Statistics for Nurses

Introduction to Statistics for Nurses

  • Author: Liz Day,Glenn Williams,John Maltby
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317904346
  • Category: HEALTH & FITNESS
  • Page: 288
  • View: 7935
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Take the fear out of statistics with this straightforward, practical and applied book on the ‘how and why’ of using statistics. Introduction to Statistics for Nurses is an essential introductory text for all nursing students coming to statistics for the first time. The nursing profession involves the use of statistics every day, for example in the cases of mortality rates, average life expectancies, percentage recovery rates, average remission times, and the findings of which drugs work best with which illnesses. In fact, all of the policies that surround this job, the treatment strategies, and all the facts described above are derived from the use of statistics. This book will help students to understand the use of statistics in nursing literature, and shows how to use statistics effectively in answering research questions. Case studies throughout show how statistics are applied in nursing research and frequent exercises help to test the reader's knowledge as they progress.

An Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics

An Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics

  • Author: Terrell L. Hill
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486130908
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 544
  • View: 536
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Four-part treatment covers principles of quantum statistical mechanics, systems composed of independent molecules or other independent subsystems, and systems of interacting molecules, concluding with a consideration of quantum statistics.

An Introduction to Statistical Analysis of Random Arrays

An Introduction to Statistical Analysis of Random Arrays

  • Author: V. L. Girko
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3110916681
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 699
  • View: 1106
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This book contains the results of 30 years of investigation by the author into the creation of a new theory on statistical analysis of observations, based on the principle of random arrays of random vectors and matrices of increasing dimensions. It describes limit phenomena of sequences of random observations, which occupy a central place in the theory of random matrices. This is the first book to explore statistical analysis of random arrays and provides the necessary tools for such analysis. This book is a natural generalization of multidimensional statistical analysis and aims to provide its readers with new, improved estimators of this analysis. The book consists of 14 chapters and opens with the theory of sample random matrices of fixed dimension, which allows to envelop not only the problems of multidimensional statistical analysis, but also some important problems of mechanics, physics and economics. The second chapter deals with all 50 known canonical equations of the new statistical analysis, which form the basis for finding new and improved statistical estimators. Chapters 3-5 contain detailed proof of the three main laws on the theory of sample random matrices. In chapters 6-10 detailed, strong proofs of the Circular and Elliptic Laws and their generalization are given. In chapters 11-13 the convergence rates of spectral functions are given for the practical application of new estimators and important questions on random matrix physics are considered. The final chapter contains 54 new statistical estimators, which generalize the main estimators of statistical analysis.

An Introduction to Statistics

An Introduction to Statistics

  • Author: George Woodbury
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • ISBN: 1111793425
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 720
  • View: 4168
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Many statistics texts lack well-defined connections among materials presented, as if the different topics were disjointed. In this new text, George Woodbury successfully illustrates the natural connections between probability and inferential statistics an

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

with Applications in R

  • Author: Gareth James,Daniela Witten,Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461471389
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 426
  • View: 1154
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An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.

Learning From Data

Learning From Data

An Introduction To Statistical Reasoning

  • Author: Arthur Glenberg,Matthew Andrzejewski
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136676627
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 580
  • View: 6694
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Learning from Data focuses on how to interpret psychological data and statistical results. The authors review the basics of statistical reasoning to helpstudents better understand relevant data that affecttheir everyday lives. Numerous examples based on current research and events are featured throughout.To facilitate learning, authors Glenberg and Andrzejewski: Devote extra attention to explaining the more difficult concepts and the logic behind them Use repetition to enhance students’ memories with multiple examples, reintroductions of the major concepts, and a focus on these concepts in the problems Employ a six-step procedure for describing all statistical tests from the simplest to the most complex Provide end-of-chapter tables to summarize the hypothesis testing procedures introduced Emphasizes how to choose the best procedure in the examples, problems and endpapers Focus on power with a separate chapter and power analyses procedures in each chapter Provide detailed explanations of factorial designs, interactions, and ANOVA to help students understand the statistics used in professional journal articles. The third edition has a user-friendly approach: Designed to be used seamlessly with Excel, all of the in-text analyses are conducted in Excel, while the book’s CD contains files for conducting analyses in Excel, as well as text files that can be analyzed in SPSS, SAS, and Systat Two large, real data sets integrated throughout illustrate important concepts Many new end-of-chapter problems (definitions, computational, and reasoning) and many more on the companion CD Online Instructor’s Resources includes answers to all the exercises in the book and multiple-choice test questions with answers Boxed media reports illustrate key concepts and their relevance to realworld issues The inclusion of effect size in all discussions of power accurately reflects the contemporary issues of power, effect size, and significance. Learning From Data, Third Edition is intended as a text for undergraduate or beginning graduate statistics courses in psychology, education, and other applied social and health sciences.

Lectures on Biostatistics

Lectures on Biostatistics

An Introduction to Statistics with Applications in Biology and Medicine

  • Author: D. Colquhoun
  • Publisher: David Colquhoun
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Biomathematics
  • Page: 425
  • View: 4689
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An Introduction to Statistical Concepts

An Introduction to Statistical Concepts

  • Author: Richard G. Lomax
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780805857399
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 472
  • View: 3105
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Unlike many other statistics texts, this one is comprehensive and flexible enough for either a single or a two-semester course. Instructors can select only the topics that are most appropriate for their course. Its intuitive approach helps students more easily understand the concepts and interpret software results. Throughout the text, the author demonstrates how many statistical concepts relate to one another. Only the most crucial equations are included. The new edition features: SPSS sections throughout with input, output, and APA style write-ups using the book's dataset A CD with every example and problem dataset used in the text in SPSS format; More information on confidence intervals, effect size measures, power, and regression models A revised sequence of the regression and ANOVA chapters for enhanced conceptual flow De-emphasized computations to provide more discussion of concepts and software More end of chapter problems with more realistic data and a greater emphasis on interpretation Many more references An Instructor's Resource CD with all of the solutions to the problems and other teaching aids. The first five chapters cover basic descriptive statistics including ways of representing data graphically, statistical measures, the normal distribution and other standard scores, and probability and sampling. The remainder of the text covers inferential statistics involving means, proportions, variances, and correlations, basic and advanced analysis of variance (ANOVA) and regression models. It contains a number of topics not dealt with in other texts such as robust methods, multiple comparison and nonparametric procedures, and advanced ANOVA and multiple regression models. Realistic examples from education and the behavioral sciences illustrate the concepts. Each example includes an examination of the various procedures and necessary assumptions, tips on developing an APA style write-up, and sample SPSS output. Useful tables of assumptions and the effects of their violation are included, along with how to test assumptions in SPSS. Each chapter concludes with conceptual and computational problems, about a third of which are new to this edition. Answers to the odd-numbered problems are provided. Intended for a one- or a two-semester course in introductory statistics taught in education and/or behavioral science departments. Although used predominantly at the master's or doctoral level, the book is also used at the undergraduate level. Only a rudimentary knowledge of algebra is required.

ePub - An Introduction to Statistics Using Microsoft Excel

ePub - An Introduction to Statistics Using Microsoft Excel

Research Textbook Collection

  • Author: Dan Remenyi,George Onofrei,Joseph English
  • Publisher: Academic Conferences Limited
  • ISBN: 1908272929
  • Category: Electronic books
  • Page: 387
  • View: 4824
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This book explains the statistical concepts and then uses Microsoft Excel functions to illustrate how to get results using the appropriate techniques which will help researchers directly with their research.

An Introduction to Statistical Inference and Its Applications with R

An Introduction to Statistical Inference and Its Applications with R

  • Author: Michael W. Trosset
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781584889489
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 496
  • View: 4500
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Emphasizing concepts rather than recipes, An Introduction to Statistical Inference and Its Applications with R provides a clear exposition of the methods of statistical inference for students who are comfortable with mathematical notation. Numerous examples, case studies, and exercises are included. R is used to simplify computation, create figures, and draw pseudorandom samples—not to perform entire analyses. After discussing the importance of chance in experimentation, the text develops basic tools of probability. The plug-in principle then provides a transition from populations to samples, motivating a variety of summary statistics and diagnostic techniques. The heart of the text is a careful exposition of point estimation, hypothesis testing, and confidence intervals. The author then explains procedures for 1- and 2-sample location problems, analysis of variance, goodness-of-fit, and correlation and regression. He concludes by discussing the role of simulation in modern statistical inference. Focusing on the assumptions that underlie popular statistical methods, this textbook explains how and why these methods are used to analyze experimental data.

An Introduction to Statistical Modeling of Extreme Values

An Introduction to Statistical Modeling of Extreme Values

  • Author: Stuart Coles
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1447136756
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 209
  • View: 7120
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Directly oriented towards real practical application, this book develops both the basic theoretical framework of extreme value models and the statistical inferential techniques for using these models in practice. Intended for statisticians and non-statisticians alike, the theoretical treatment is elementary, with heuristics often replacing detailed mathematical proof. Most aspects of extreme modeling techniques are covered, including historical techniques (still widely used) and contemporary techniques based on point process models. A wide range of worked examples, using genuine datasets, illustrate the various modeling procedures and a concluding chapter provides a brief introduction to a number of more advanced topics, including Bayesian inference and spatial extremes. All the computations are carried out using S-PLUS, and the corresponding datasets and functions are available via the Internet for readers to recreate examples for themselves. An essential reference for students and researchers in statistics and disciplines such as engineering, finance and environmental science, this book will also appeal to practitioners looking for practical help in solving real problems. Stuart Coles is Reader in Statistics at the University of Bristol, UK, having previously lectured at the universities of Nottingham and Lancaster. In 1992 he was the first recipient of the Royal Statistical Society's research prize. He has published widely in the statistical literature, principally in the area of extreme value modeling.

An Introduction to Statistical Computing

An Introduction to Statistical Computing

A Simulation-based Approach

  • Author: Jochen Voss
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118728025
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 400
  • View: 6528
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A comprehensive introduction to sampling-based methods in statistical computing The use of computers in mathematics and statistics has opened up a wide range of techniques for studying otherwise intractable problems. Sampling-based simulation techniques are now an invaluable tool for exploring statistical models. This book gives a comprehensive introduction to the exciting area of sampling-based methods. An Introduction to Statistical Computing introduces the classical topics of random number generation and Monte Carlo methods. It also includes some advanced methods such as the reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm and modern methods such as approximate Bayesian computation and multilevel Monte Carlo techniques An Introduction to Statistical Computing: Fully covers the traditional topics of statistical computing. Discusses both practical aspects and the theoretical background. Includes a chapter about continuous-time models. Illustrates all methods using examples and exercises. Provides answers to the exercises (using the statistical computing environment R); the corresponding source code is available online. Includes an introduction to programming in R. This book is mostly self-contained; the only prerequisites are basic knowledge of probability up to the law of large numbers. Careful presentation and examples make this book accessible to a wide range of students and suitable for self-study or as the basis of a taught course

Lectures on Biostatistics

Lectures on Biostatistics

An Introduction to Statistics with Applications in Biology and Medicine

  • Author: D. Colquhoun
  • Publisher: David Colquhoun
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Biometry
  • Page: 425
  • View: 1710
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Statistik für Dummies

Statistik für Dummies

  • Author: Deborah Rumsey
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527705945
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 352
  • View: 7198
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Entdecken Sie mit "Statistik für Dummies" Ihren Spaß an der Statistik und werfen Sie einen Blick hinter die Kulissen der so beliebten Manipulation von Zahlenmaterial! Deborah Rumsey zeigt Ihnen das nötige statistische Handwerkszeug wie Stichprobe, Wahrscheinlichkeit, Bias, Median, Durchschnitt und Korrelation. Sie lernen die verschiedenen grafischen Darstellungsmöglichkeiten von statistischem Material kennen und werden über die unterschiedlichen Methoden der Auswertung erstaunt sein. Schärfen Sie mit diesem Buch Ihr Bewusstsein für Zahlen und deren Interpretation, so dass Ihnen keiner mehr etwas vormachen kann!

Biostatistics with R

Biostatistics with R

An Introduction to Statistics Through Biological Data

  • Author: Babak Shahbaba
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461413028
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 352
  • View: 4687
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Biostatistics with R is designed around the dynamic interplay among statistical methods, their applications in biology, and their implementation. The book explains basic statistical concepts with a simple yet rigorous language. The development of ideas is in the context of real applied problems, for which step-by-step instructions for using R and R-Commander are provided. Topics include data exploration, estimation, hypothesis testing, linear regression analysis, and clustering with two appendices on installing and using R and R-Commander. A novel feature of this book is an introduction to Bayesian analysis. This author discusses basic statistical analysis through a series of biological examples using R and R-Commander as computational tools. The book is ideal for instructors of basic statistics for biologists and other health scientists. The step-by-step application of statistical methods discussed in this book allows readers, who are interested in statistics and its application in biology, to use the book as a self-learning text.

An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

  • Author: Robert H. Swendsen
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191627461
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 432
  • View: 3770
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This text presents the two complementary aspects of thermal physics as an integrated theory of the properties of matter. Conceptual understanding is promoted by thorough development of basic concepts. In contrast to many texts, statistical mechanics, including discussion of the required probability theory, is presented first. This provides a statistical foundation for the concept of entropy, which is central to thermal physics. A unique feature of the book is the development of entropy based on Boltzmann's 1877 definition; this avoids contradictions or ad hoc corrections found in other texts. Detailed fundamentals provide a natural grounding for advanced topics, such as black-body radiation and quantum gases. An extensive set of problems (solutions are available for lecturers through the OUP website), many including explicit computations, advance the core content by probing essential concepts. The text is designed for a two-semester undergraduate course but can be adapted for one-semester courses emphasizing either aspect of thermal physics. It is also suitable for graduate study.

An Introduction to Probability and Statistics

An Introduction to Probability and Statistics

  • Author: Vijay K. Rohatgi,A. K. Md. Ehsanes Saleh
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118165683
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 744
  • View: 5022
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The second edition of a well-received book that was published 24 years ago and continues to sell to this day, An Introduction to Probability and Statistics is now revised to incorporate new information as well as substantial updates of existing material.

An Introduction to Statistical Analysis for Business and Industry

An Introduction to Statistical Analysis for Business and Industry

A Problem Solving Approach

  • Author: Michael Stuart
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780340808443
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 384
  • View: 1397
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This is an introductory statistics textbook for business and management students which uses the innovative approach of 'statistical thinking'. Statistics courses are essential for business students but traditional teaching methods are often seen as difficult and are therefore unpopular; this book aims to offer a new and more appealing way of learning to this market. 'An Introduction to Statistical Analysis for Business and Industry' presents a new and innovative introduction to statistics which trains students directly to address problems which commonly arise in business and industry. Having read and worked through the book and its accompanying manual, students should have the essential skills necessary to apply statistical thinking in business and be able to: ?recognise statistical variation in processes, ?apply a statistical problem-solving strategy for process improvement, ?select and apply appropriate methods of statistical analysis.