Search Results for "aramis-or-the-love-of-technology"

Aramis, or, The love of technology

Aramis, or, The love of technology

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 314
  • View: 8591
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Bruno Latour has written a unique and wonderful tale of a technological dream gone wrong. As the young engineer and professor follow Aramis' trail--conducting interviews, analyzing documents, assessing the evidence--perspectives keep shifting: the truth is revealed as multilayered, unascertainable, comprising an array of possibilities worthy of Rashomon. The reader is eventually led to see the project from the point of view of Aramis, and along the way gains insight into the relationship between human beings and their technological creations. This charming and profound book, part novel and part sociological study, is Latour at his thought-provoking best.

Aramis, Or, The Love of Technology

Aramis, Or, The Love of Technology

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780674043237
  • Category: History
  • Page: 314
  • View: 7329
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Bruno Latour has written a unique and wonderful tale of a technological dream gone wrong. As the young engineer and professor follow Aramis' trail--conducting interviews, analyzing documents, assessing the evidence--perspectives keep shifting: the truth is revealed as multilayered, unascertainable, comprising an array of possibilities worthy of Rashomon. The reader is eventually led to see the project from the point of view of Aramis, and along the way gains insight into the relationship between human beings and their technological creations. This charming and profound book, part novel and part sociological study, is Latour at his thought-provoking best.

Politics of Nature

Politics of Nature

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674039964
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 307
  • View: 8099
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A major work by one of the more innovative thinkers of our time, Politics of Nature does nothing less than establish the conceptual context for political ecology--transplanting the terms of ecology into more fertile philosophical soil than its proponents have thus far envisioned. Bruno Latour announces his project dramatically: "Political ecology has nothing whatsoever to do with nature, this jumble of Greek philosophy, French Cartesianism and American parks." Nature, he asserts, far from being an obvious domain of reality, is a way of assembling political order without due process. Thus, his book proposes an end to the old dichotomy between nature and society--and the constitution, in its place, of a collective, a community incorporating humans and nonhumans and building on the experiences of the sciences as they are actually practiced. In a critique of the distinction between fact and value, Latour suggests a redescription of the type of political philosophy implicated in such a "commonsense" division--which here reveals itself as distinctly uncommonsensical and in fact fatal to democracy and to a healthy development of the sciences. Moving beyond the modernist institutions of "mononaturalism" and "multiculturalism," Latour develops the idea of "multinaturalism," a complex collectivity determined not by outside experts claiming absolute reason but by "diplomats" who are flexible and open to experimentation. Table of Contents: Introduction: What Is to Be Done with Political Ecology? 1. Why Political Ecology Has to Let Go of Nature First, Get Out of the Cave Ecological Crisis or Crisis of Objectivity? The End of Nature The Pitfall of "Social Representations" of Nature The Fragile Aid of Comparative Anthropology What Successor for the Bicameral Collective? 2. How to Bring the Collective Together Difficulties in Convoking the Collective First Division: Learning to Be Circumspect with Spokespersons Second Division: Associations of Humans and Nonhumans Third Division between Humans and Nonhumans: Reality and Recalcitrance A More or Less Articulated Collective The Return to Civil Peace 3. A New Separation of Powers Some Disadvantages of the Concepts of Fact and Value The Power to Take into Account and the Power to Put in Order The Collective's Two Powers of Representation Verifying That the Essential Guarantees Have Been Maintained A New Exteriority 4. Skills for the Collective The Third Nature and the Quarrel between the Two "Eco" Sciences Contribution of the Professions to the Procedures of the Houses The Work of the Houses The Common Dwelling, the Oikos 5. Exploring Common Worlds Time's Two Arrows The Learning Curve The Third Power and the Question of the State The Exercise of Diplomacy War and Peace for the Sciences Conclusion: What Is to Be Done? Political Ecology! Summary of the Argument (for Readers in a Hurry...) Glossary Notes Bibliography Index From the book: What is to be done with political ecology? Nothing. What is to be done? Political ecology! All those who have hoped that the politics of nature would bring about a renewal of public life have asked the first question, while noting the stagnation of the so-called "green" movements. They would like very much to know why so promising an endeavor has so often come to naught. Appearances notwithstanding, everyone is bound to answer the second question the same way. We have no choice: politics does not fall neatly on one side of a divide and nature on the other. From the time the term "politics" was invented, every type of politics has been defined by its relation to nature, whose every feature, property, and function depends on the polemical will to limit, reform, establish, short-circuit, or enlighten public life. As a result, we cannot choose whether to engage in it surreptitiously, by distinguishing between questions of nature and questions of politics, or explicitly, by treating those two sets of questions as a single issue that arises for all collectives. While the ecology movements tell us that nature is rapidly invading politics, we shall have to imagine - most often aligning ourselves with these movements but sometimes against them - what a politics finally freed from the sword of Damocles we call nature might be like.

Laboratory Life

Laboratory Life

The Construction of Scientific Facts

  • Author: Bruno Latour,Steve Woolgar
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400820413
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 3339
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This highly original work presents laboratory science in a deliberately skeptical way: as an anthropological approach to the culture of the scientist. Drawing on recent work in literary criticism, the authors study how the social world of the laboratory produces papers and other "texts,"' and how the scientific vision of reality becomes that set of statements considered, for the time being, too expensive to change. The book is based on field work done by Bruno Latour in Roger Guillemin's laboratory at the Salk Institute and provides an important link between the sociology of modern sciences and laboratory studies in the history of science.

Science in Action

Science in Action

How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674792913
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 274
  • View: 6656
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From weaker to stronger rhetoric : literature - Laboratories - From weak points to strongholds : machines - Insiders out - From short to longer networks : tribunals of reason - Centres of calculation.

The Pasteurization of France

The Pasteurization of France

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674657618
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 273
  • View: 8164
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Describes Pasteur's roles in improving health practices in France and identifies the other forces that helped implement his ideas about health care.

We Have Never Been Modern

We Have Never Been Modern

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674076753
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 157
  • View: 5278
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With the rise of science, we moderns believe, the world changed irrevocably, separating us forever from our primitive, premodern ancestors. But if we were to let go of this fond conviction, Bruno Latour asks, what would the world look like? His book, an anthropology of science, shows us how much of modernity is actually a matter of faith. What does it mean to be modern? What difference does the scientific method make? The difference, Latour explains, is in our careful distinctions between nature and society, between human and thing, distinctions that our benighted ancestors, in their world of alchemy, astrology, and phrenology, never made. But alongside this purifying practice that defines modernity, there exists another seemingly contrary one: the construction of systems that mix politics, science, technology, and nature. The ozone debate is such a hybrid, in Latour’s analysis, as are global warming, deforestation, even the idea of black holes. As these hybrids proliferate, the prospect of keeping nature and culture in their separate mental chambers becomes overwhelming—and rather than try, Latour suggests, we should rethink our distinctions, rethink the definition and constitution of modernity itself. His book offers a new explanation of science that finally recognizes the connections between nature and culture—and so, between our culture and others, past and present. Nothing short of a reworking of our mental landscape. We Have Never Been Modern blurs the boundaries among science, the humanities, and the social sciences to enhance understanding on all sides. A summation of the work of one of the most influential and provocative interpreters of science, it aims at saving what is good and valuable in modernity and replacing the rest with a broader, fairer, and finer sense of possibility.

Pandora's Hope

Pandora's Hope

Essays on the Reality of Science Studies

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674653351
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 324
  • View: 9882
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A scientist friend asked Bruno Latour point-blank: "Do you believe in reality?" Taken aback by this strange query, Latour offers his meticulous response in Pandora's Hope. It is a remarkable argument for understanding the reality of science in practical terms. In this book Latour, identified by Richard Rorty as the new "bête noire of the science worshipers," gives us his most philosophically informed book since Science in Action. Through case studies of scientists in the Amazon analyzing soil and in Pasteur's lab studying the fermentation of lactic acid, he shows us the myriad steps by which events in the material world are transformed into items of scientific knowledge. Through many examples in the world of technology, we see how the material and human worlds come together and are reciprocally transformed in this process. Why, Latour asks, did the idea of an independent reality, free of human interaction, emerge in the first place? His answer to this question, harking back to the debates between Might and Right narrated by Plato, points to the real stakes in the so-called science wars: the perplexed submission of ordinary people before the warring forces of claimants to the ultimate truth.

Alternative Modernity

Alternative Modernity

The Technical Turn in Philosophy and Social Theory

  • Author: Andrew Feenberg
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520915701
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 200
  • View: 2206
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In this new collection of essays, Andrew Feenberg argues that conflicts over the design and organization of the technical systems that structure our society shape deep choices for the future. A pioneer in the philosophy of technology, Feenberg demonstrates the continuing vitality of the critical theory of the Frankfurt School. He calls into question the anti-technological stance commonly associated with its theoretical legacy and argues that technology contains potentialities that could be developed as the basis for an alternative form of modern society. Feenberg's critical reflections on the ideas of Jürgen Habermas, Herbert Marcuse, Jean-François Lyotard, and Kitaro Nishida shed new light on the philosophical study of technology and modernity. He contests the prevalent conception of technology as an unstoppable force responsive only to its own internal dynamic and politicizes the discussion of its social and cultural construction. This argument is substantiated in a series of compelling and well-grounded case studies. Through his exploration of science fiction and film, AIDS research, the French experience with the "information superhighway," and the Japanese reception of Western values, he demonstrates how technology, when subjected to public pressure and debate, can incorporate ethical and aesthetic values.

Reassembling the Social

Reassembling the Social

An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199256047
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 301
  • View: 5031
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French sociologist Bruno Latour has previously written about the relationship between people, science and technology. In this book he sets out his own ideas about 'actor network theory' and its relevance to management and organisation theory.

The Deltoid Pumpkin Seed

The Deltoid Pumpkin Seed

  • Author: John McPhee
  • Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • ISBN: 0374708622
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 192
  • View: 2611
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This is the fascinating story of the dream of a completely new aircraft, a hybrid of the plane and the rigid airship - huge, wingless, moving slowly through the lower sky. John McPhee chronicles the perhaps unfathomable perseverance of the aircraft's sucessive progenitors

Signal and Noise

Signal and Noise

Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria

  • Author: Brian Larkin
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 9780822341086
  • Category: History
  • Page: 313
  • View: 6853
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DIVExamines the role of media technologies in shaping urban Africa through an ethnographic study of popular culture in northern Nigeria./div

The Scientific Attitude

The Scientific Attitude

  • Author: Frederick Grinnell
  • Publisher: Guilford Press
  • ISBN: 9780898620184
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 180
  • View: 948
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THE SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDE presents a systematic account of the cognitive and social features of science. Written by an experimental biologist actively engaged in research, the work is unique in its attempt to understand science in terms of day-to-day practice. The book goes beyond the traditional description of science that focuses on method and logic to characterize the scientific attitude as a way of looking at the world. Professor Grinnell uses examples from biomedical research to describe science at three interdependent levels. At the first level, the individual scientist makes observations, formulates hypotheses, and does experiments. The scientist's thought style determines what can be seen and what it will appear to mean. At the second level, scientists participate in social institutions such as graduate programs, research groups, journal editorial boards, and grant review panels. Each of these institutions tries to promote its own distinctive collective thought style. Finally, at the third level, scientists participate in the world of everyday life beyond science, a world that continuously influences and is influenced by the activities and discoveries of science.

On the Modern Cult of the Factish Gods

On the Modern Cult of the Factish Gods

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Science and Cultural Theory
  • ISBN: 9780822348160
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 157
  • View: 9332
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Building on his earlier book We Have Never Been Modern, Bruno Latour develops his argument about the Modern fetishization of facts, or the creation of factishes.

The Race between Education and Technology

The Race between Education and Technology

  • Author: Claudia Dale Goldin,Lawrence F. Katz
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674037731
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 496
  • View: 8665
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This book provides a careful historical analysis of the co-evolution of educational attainment and the wage structure in the United States through the twentieth century. During the first eight decades of the twentieth century, the increase of educated workers was higher than the demand for them. This boosted income for most people and lowered inequality. However, the reverse has been true since about 1980. The authors discuss the complex reasons for this educational slow-down and what might be done to ameliorate it.

Mundane Objects

Mundane Objects

Materiality and Non-verbal Communication

  • Author: Pierre Lemonnier
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131542424X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 205
  • View: 4190
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This concise book shows the importance of objects that are considered ordinary by cultural outsiders and scholars, yet lie at the heart of the systems of thought and practices of their makers and users. This volume demonstrates the role of these objects in nonverbal communication, both in non-ritual and in ritual situations. Lemonnier shows that some objects, their physical properties and their material implementation, are wordless expressions of fundamental aspects of a way of living and thinking, as well as sometimes the only means of expressing the inexpressible. Through the study of the most mundane technical activities such as fence building, creating models cars, or trapping fish, we often gain a better understanding of what these objects mean and how they work within their cultures of origin. In addition to anthropologists and archaeologists, this book will also be of interest to sociologists, historians, philosophers, cognitive anthropologists and primatologists, for whom the intertwining of “function” and “style” is the very mark of all cultural behavior.

The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies

The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies

  • Author: Ann Langley,Haridimos Tsoukas
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1473959217
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 678
  • View: 3146
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The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies provides a comprehensive and timely overview of the field. This volume offers a compendium of perspectives on process thinking, process organizational theory, process research methodology and empirical applications. The emphasis is on a combination of pedagogical contributions and in-depth reviews of current thinking and research in each of the selected areas, combined with the development of agendas for future research. The Handbook is divided into five sections: Part One: Process Philosophy Part Two: Process Theory Part Three: Process Methodology Part Four: Process Applications Part Five: Process Perspectives

Perspectives on Organizational Communication

Perspectives on Organizational Communication

Finding Common Ground

  • Author: Steven R. Corman,Marshall Scott Poole
  • Publisher: Guilford Press
  • ISBN: 9781572306028
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 265
  • View: 6759
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This volume promotes constructive dialogue among the basic methodological positions in organizational communication today. Three essays discuss the concept of common ground from interpretive, post-positivist, and critical vantage points.

Spacesuit

Spacesuit

Fashioning Apollo

  • Author: Nicholas De Monchaux
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 026201520X
  • Category: Design
  • Page: 364
  • View: 8066
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Chronicles the creation of the Apollo 11 spacesuits worn by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, which were designed by the women's undergarment-maker Playtex and consisted of 21 specialized layers, in a book that includes 140 cull-color illustrations.