Search Results for "aramis-or-the-love-of-technology"

Aramis, or, The love of technology

Aramis, or, The love of technology

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 314
  • View: 4421
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Bruno Latour has written a unique and wonderful tale of a technological dream gone wrong. As the young engineer and professor follow Aramis' trail--conducting interviews, analyzing documents, assessing the evidence--perspectives keep shifting: the truth is revealed as multilayered, unascertainable, comprising an array of possibilities worthy of Rashomon. The reader is eventually led to see the project from the point of view of Aramis, and along the way gains insight into the relationship between human beings and their technological creations. This charming and profound book, part novel and part sociological study, is Latour at his thought-provoking best.

Wir sind nie modern gewesen

Wir sind nie modern gewesen

Versuch einer symmetrischen Anthropologie

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3050070153
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 4382
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The Pasteurization of France

The Pasteurization of France

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674657618
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 273
  • View: 5347
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Describes Pasteur's roles in improving health practices in France and identifies the other forces that helped implement his ideas about health care.

Aramis

Aramis

oder Die Liebe zur Technik

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
  • ISBN: 3161539958
  • Category: History
  • Page: 334
  • View: 9483
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Basierend auf zahlreichen Interviews, technischen Berichten und Dokumentationen spürt Bruno Latour dem gescheiterten Großprojekt eines modularen Nahverkehrssystems nach. Latour analysiert dieses Scheitern in Form eines literarisch anspruchsvollen Hybrids aus Kriminalroman und Wissenschafts- bzw. Technikforschung. Die verschiedenen Akteure dieser Geschichte eines hochkomplexen Mensch-Ding-Systems - Menschen, Schaltpläne, Motoren, Prototypen, Schienensysteme etc. - werden dabei in einer Weise gleichberechtigt berücksichtigt, die für das Verständnis der Akteur-Netzwerk-Analyse von exemplarischem Wert ist. Die Schriftenreihe Historische Wissensforschung eröffnet mit der ersten deutschen Übersetzung dieses Klassikers ihre Rubrik "Unter dem Radar", in deren Rahmen vergessene oder schwer zugängliche Arbeiten der Wissenssoziologie und -geschichte vorgelegt und historisch kontextualisiert werden.

Science in Action

Science in Action

How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674792913
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 274
  • View: 9057
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From weaker to stronger rhetoric : literature - Laboratories - From weak points to strongholds : machines - Insiders out - From short to longer networks : tribunals of reason - Centres of calculation.

Politics of Nature

Politics of Nature

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674039964
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 307
  • View: 9041
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A major work by one of the more innovative thinkers of our time, Politics of Nature does nothing less than establish the conceptual context for political ecology--transplanting the terms of ecology into more fertile philosophical soil than its proponents have thus far envisioned. Bruno Latour announces his project dramatically: "Political ecology has nothing whatsoever to do with nature, this jumble of Greek philosophy, French Cartesianism and American parks." Nature, he asserts, far from being an obvious domain of reality, is a way of assembling political order without due process. Thus, his book proposes an end to the old dichotomy between nature and society--and the constitution, in its place, of a collective, a community incorporating humans and nonhumans and building on the experiences of the sciences as they are actually practiced. In a critique of the distinction between fact and value, Latour suggests a redescription of the type of political philosophy implicated in such a "commonsense" division--which here reveals itself as distinctly uncommonsensical and in fact fatal to democracy and to a healthy development of the sciences. Moving beyond the modernist institutions of "mononaturalism" and "multiculturalism," Latour develops the idea of "multinaturalism," a complex collectivity determined not by outside experts claiming absolute reason but by "diplomats" who are flexible and open to experimentation. Table of Contents: Introduction: What Is to Be Done with Political Ecology? 1. Why Political Ecology Has to Let Go of Nature First, Get Out of the Cave Ecological Crisis or Crisis of Objectivity? The End of Nature The Pitfall of "Social Representations" of Nature The Fragile Aid of Comparative Anthropology What Successor for the Bicameral Collective? 2. How to Bring the Collective Together Difficulties in Convoking the Collective First Division: Learning to Be Circumspect with Spokespersons Second Division: Associations of Humans and Nonhumans Third Division between Humans and Nonhumans: Reality and Recalcitrance A More or Less Articulated Collective The Return to Civil Peace 3. A New Separation of Powers Some Disadvantages of the Concepts of Fact and Value The Power to Take into Account and the Power to Put in Order The Collective's Two Powers of Representation Verifying That the Essential Guarantees Have Been Maintained A New Exteriority 4. Skills for the Collective The Third Nature and the Quarrel between the Two "Eco" Sciences Contribution of the Professions to the Procedures of the Houses The Work of the Houses The Common Dwelling, the Oikos 5. Exploring Common Worlds Time's Two Arrows The Learning Curve The Third Power and the Question of the State The Exercise of Diplomacy War and Peace for the Sciences Conclusion: What Is to Be Done? Political Ecology! Summary of the Argument (for Readers in a Hurry...) Glossary Notes Bibliography Index From the book: What is to be done with political ecology? Nothing. What is to be done? Political ecology! All those who have hoped that the politics of nature would bring about a renewal of public life have asked the first question, while noting the stagnation of the so-called "green" movements. They would like very much to know why so promising an endeavor has so often come to naught. Appearances notwithstanding, everyone is bound to answer the second question the same way. We have no choice: politics does not fall neatly on one side of a divide and nature on the other. From the time the term "politics" was invented, every type of politics has been defined by its relation to nature, whose every feature, property, and function depends on the polemical will to limit, reform, establish, short-circuit, or enlighten public life. As a result, we cannot choose whether to engage in it surreptitiously, by distinguishing between questions of nature and questions of politics, or explicitly, by treating those two sets of questions as a single issue that arises for all collectives. While the ecology movements tell us that nature is rapidly invading politics, we shall have to imagine - most often aligning ourselves with these movements but sometimes against them - what a politics finally freed from the sword of Damocles we call nature might be like.

We Have Never Been Modern

We Have Never Been Modern

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674076753
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 157
  • View: 8713
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With the rise of science, we moderns believe, the world changed irrevocably, separating us forever from our primitive, premodern ancestors. But if we were to let go of this fond conviction, Bruno Latour asks, what would the world look like? His book, an anthropology of science, shows us how much of modernity is actually a matter of faith. What does it mean to be modern? What difference does the scientific method make? The difference, Latour explains, is in our careful distinctions between nature and society, between human and thing, distinctions that our benighted ancestors, in their world of alchemy, astrology, and phrenology, never made. But alongside this purifying practice that defines modernity, there exists another seemingly contrary one: the construction of systems that mix politics, science, technology, and nature. The ozone debate is such a hybrid, in Latour’s analysis, as are global warming, deforestation, even the idea of black holes. As these hybrids proliferate, the prospect of keeping nature and culture in their separate mental chambers becomes overwhelming—and rather than try, Latour suggests, we should rethink our distinctions, rethink the definition and constitution of modernity itself. His book offers a new explanation of science that finally recognizes the connections between nature and culture—and so, between our culture and others, past and present. Nothing short of a reworking of our mental landscape. We Have Never Been Modern blurs the boundaries among science, the humanities, and the social sciences to enhance understanding on all sides. A summation of the work of one of the most influential and provocative interpreters of science, it aims at saving what is good and valuable in modernity and replacing the rest with a broader, fairer, and finer sense of possibility.

Pandora's Hope

Pandora's Hope

Essays on the Reality of Science Studies

  • Author: Bruno Latour,Centre de Sociologie de L'Innovation Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674653351
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 324
  • View: 573
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A scientist friend asked Bruno Latour point-blank: "Do you believe in reality?" Taken aback by this strange query, Latour offers his meticulous response in Pandora's Hope. It is a remarkable argument for understanding the reality of science in practical terms. In this book Latour, identified by Richard Rorty as the new "bête noire of the science worshipers," gives us his most philosophically informed book since Science in Action. Through case studies of scientists in the Amazon analyzing soil and in Pasteur's lab studying the fermentation of lactic acid, he shows us the myriad steps by which events in the material world are transformed into items of scientific knowledge. Through many examples in the world of technology, we see how the material and human worlds come together and are reciprocally transformed in this process. Why, Latour asks, did the idea of an independent reality, free of human interaction, emerge in the first place? His answer to this question, harking back to the debates between Might and Right narrated by Plato, points to the real stakes in the so-called science wars: the perplexed submission of ordinary people before the warring forces of claimants to the ultimate truth.

An Inquiry Into Modes of Existence

An Inquiry Into Modes of Existence

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674728556
  • Category: History
  • Page: 486
  • View: 5721
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In a new approach to philosophical anthropology, Bruno Latour offers answers to questions raised in We Have Never Been Modern: If not modern, what have we been, and what values should we inherit? An Inquiry into Modes of Existence offers a new basis for diplomatic encounters with other societies at a time of ecological crisis.

Verkehrsgeschichte und Kulturwissenschaft

Verkehrsgeschichte und Kulturwissenschaft

Analysen an der Schnittstelle von Technik, Kultur und Medien

  • Author: Christoph Neubert,Gabriele Schabacher
  • Publisher: transcript Verlag
  • ISBN: 3839410924
  • Category: History
  • Page: 322
  • View: 5860
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Die globale Vernetzung moderner Verkehrs- und Nachrichtensysteme - von Eisenbahn und Dampfschifffahrt über Telegrafie und Telefonie bis hin zu Raumfahrt und Internet - macht auf einen fundamentalen Zusammenhang aufmerksam: Verkehr war und ist für alle Gesellschaften konstitutiv. Einrichtungen des Transports, des Austauschs und der Kommunikation sowie die damit verbundenen Infrastrukturen formen mediale Ensembles, in denen sich Parameter von Kultur und Technik genuin verbinden. Die Verkehrsgeschichte macht diesen Zusammenhang greifbar. Der Band versammelt exemplarische Analysen, die das Feld der Verkehrsgeschichte für eine kultur- und medienwissenschaftliche Betrachtung öffnen.

Existenzweisen

Existenzweisen

Eine Anthropologie der Modernen

  • Author: Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 3518737376
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 600
  • View: 5099
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Vor zwanzig Jahren hatte der französische Soziologe und Philosoph Bruno Latour konstatiert: »Wir sind nie modern gewesen«, und sich an einer »symmetrischen Anthropologie« jenseits der Trennung von Natur und Kultur versucht. Nun legt er sein zweites Hauptwerk vor, das dieses faszinierende Projekt mit einer »Anthropologie der Modernen« fortschreibt und den verschiedenen Existenzweisen von Wissenschaft, Technologie, Recht, Religion, Wirtschaft und Politik in der modernen Welt nachspürt. Ein großes Panorama der Modi moderner Existenz. Latour setzt für dieses Projekt bei der globalen Verflechtung aller Lebensbereiche an, die heute nicht zuletzt am Problem des Klimawandels sichtbar wird. Zugleich zeigt sich aber an diesem Problem auch, dass es verschiedene Handlungssphären gibt, die jeweils eigene Existenzweisen besitzen: Politiker, die sich mit dem Klimaproblem befassen, sind eben keine Wissenschaftler, die Klimaforschung betreiben, und Unternehmer orientieren sich zunächst an den Maßgaben der Wirtschaftlichkeit; wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse werden daher nicht einfach in politische und ökonomische Handlungen übersetzt. Dennoch sind für Latour diese verschiedenen Existenzmodi nicht unabhängig voneinander, sondern durchdringen einander und kreieren gemeinsam Probleme, die es in der Folge auch gemeinsam zu lösen gilt. Es bedarf daher einer neuen Form der »Diplomatie«, die zwischen den einzelnen Existenzweisen vermittelt. Nicht weniger als die Zukunft unseres Planeten steht auf dem Spiel und nicht weniger als eine solche diplomatische Vermittlung versucht dieses grundlegende und wegweisende Buch zu leisten. Auf dass wir endlich modern werden!

Laboratory Life

Laboratory Life

The Construction of Scientific Facts

  • Author: Bruno Latour,Steve Woolgar
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400820413
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 2296
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This highly original work presents laboratory science in a deliberately skeptical way: as an anthropological approach to the culture of the scientist. Drawing on recent work in literary criticism, the authors study how the social world of the laboratory produces papers and other "texts,"' and how the scientific vision of reality becomes that set of statements considered, for the time being, too expensive to change. The book is based on field work done by Bruno Latour in Roger Guillemin's laboratory at the Salk Institute and provides an important link between the sociology of modern sciences and laboratory studies in the history of science.

Conversations on Science, Culture, and Time

Conversations on Science, Culture, and Time

  • Author: Michel Serres,Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 9780472065486
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 204
  • View: 4752
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Illuminating conversations with one of France's most respected--and controversial--philosophers

Die Internet-Galaxie

Die Internet-Galaxie

Internet, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft

  • Author: Manuel Castells
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783810035936
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 7479
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Manuel Castells gibt detailliert und faszinierend Aufschluss über das "Woher" und - soweit aus der aktuellen Situation erkennbar - "Wohin" des Internet und, damit verbunden, der neuen Netzwerkgesellschaft, deren zentrales Kommunikationsmedium das Internet ist. Das www gibt es seit weniger als zehn Jahren. Die allgemeine und kommerzielle Akzeptanz des Internet ist außergewöhnlich - ermöglicht und initiiert Veränderungen in allen individuellen und gesellschaftlichen Bereichen. Es gibt neue Kommunikationssysteme, neue Branchen, Neue Medien und Informationskanäle, neue politische und kulturelle Ausdrucksformen, neue Formen des Lehrens und Lernens und neue Gemeinschaften. Was aber wissen wir schon über das Internet, seine Geschichte, seine Technologie, seine Kultur und seine Applikationen? Welche Folgen ergeben sich für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft? Die Verbreitung des Internet ging so schnell vonstatten, schneller als die Möglichkeiten sorgfältiger empirisch begründeter Analyse. Manuel Castells wird von vielen als der führende Analytiker des Informationszeitalters und der Netzwerkgesellschaft gesehen. Über seine akademische Arbeit hinaus arbeitet er als Berater auf höchstem internationalen Niveau. In diesem kleinen Buch bringt er seine Erfahrung und sein Wissen zur Internet-Galaxie zusammen: Wie hat alles angefangen? Aus welchen zusammen arbeitenden oder konkurrierenden Kulturen besteht das Internet? Wie werden neue Unternehmen dadurch organisiert, wie werden alte Unternehmen davon beeinflusst? Gibt es die "digitale Wasserscheide"? Welchen Einfluss hat das Internet auf soziale und kulturelle Organisationsformen? Wie werden politische Teilhabe, politische Kommunikation, das städtische Leben beeinflusst? Dies sind nur einige Fragen, die in diesem Buch aufgegriffen werden. Castells gibt aber weder Prognosen ab, noch liefert er Patentrezepte - er gibt eine erhellende, auf empirischen Daten beruhende Analyse der aktuellen Situation und hilft uns zu verstehen, wie das

Text/Work

Text/Work

Representing Organization and Organizing Representation

  • Author: Stephen Linstead
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134407505
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 304
  • View: 4586
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The concepts of social sciences, social action and organizations as texts, are no longer unfamiliar ones. The use of language in social analysis has made researchers acutely aware of the importance of language use, not only to contain and express experience but also to create second order accounts of these experiences. This way of using language to shape our knowledge and guide social action, it is urged, makes social action and organization a 'text'. Text/Work is an innovative exploration of our understanding of the textual nature of organizational life, and considers the consequences of textual nature for organization studies. How can organizations be profitably written into textual forms? This is a bold investigation into a challenging and exciting area of study.

The Prince and the Wolf: Latour and Harman at the LSE

The Prince and the Wolf: Latour and Harman at the LSE

The Latour and Harman at the LSE

  • Author: Bruno Latour,Graham Harman,Peter Erdelyi
  • Publisher: John Hunt Publishing
  • ISBN: 1780990030
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 153
  • View: 4724
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The Prince and the Wolf contains the transcript of a debate which took place on 5th February 2008 at the London School of Economics (LSE) between the prominent French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher Bruno Latour and the Cairo-based American philosopher Graham Harman.

War of the Worlds

War of the Worlds

What about Peace?

  • Author: Bruno Latour,John Tresch
  • Publisher: Prickly Paradigm
  • ISBN: 9780971757516
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 53
  • View: 4351
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Bruno Latour is best known for his work in the cultural study of science. In this pamphlet he turns his attention to another worthy pursuit: the project of peace. As one might expect, Latour gives us a radically different picture of this project than Kant or the philosophes, asserting that the West has been in a constant state of war both with other cultures and its own—although unwittingly so. Read through the lens of his trademark take on "the modern," his arguments are original, thoughtful, and, as usual, provocative.

Management of Education in the Information Age

Management of Education in the Information Age

The Role of ICT

  • Author: Ian D. Selwood,A. Fung,Christopher D. O'Mahoney
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0387356894
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 212
  • View: 4982
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This volume presents findings and insights from contemporary thinking and research on the application of Information Technology in Educational Management. It analyzes the ways in which ICT has been used, across a range of educational institutions, to support various aspects of educational management. It is the latest in a series of books produced by IFIP Working Group 3.7.