Search Results for "arbitrary-rule-slavery-tyranny-and-the-power-of-life-and-death"

Arbitrary Rule

Arbitrary Rule

Slavery, Tyranny, and the Power of Life and Death

  • Author: Mary Nyquist
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022601553X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 435
  • View: 1297
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Slavery appears as a figurative construct during the English revolution of the mid-seventeenth century, and again in the American and French revolutions, when radicals represent their treatment as a form of political slavery. What, if anything, does figurative, political slavery have to do with transatlantic slavery? In Arbitrary Rule, Mary Nyquist explores connections between political and chattel slavery by excavating the tradition of Western political thought that justifies actively opposing tyranny. She argues that as powerful rhetorical and conceptual constructs, Greco-Roman political liberty and slavery reemerge at the time of early modern Eurocolonial expansion; they help to create racialized “free” national identities and their “unfree” counterparts in non-European nations represented as inhabiting an earlier, privative age. Arbitrary Rule is the first book to tackle political slavery’s discursive complexity, engaging Eurocolonialism, political philosophy, and literary studies, areas of study too often kept apart. Nyquist proceeds through analyses not only of texts that are canonical in political thought—by Aristotle, Cicero, Hobbes, and Locke—but also of literary works by Euripides, Buchanan, Vondel, Montaigne, and Milton, together with a variety of colonialist and political writings, with special emphasis on tracts written during the English revolution. She illustrates how “antityranny discourse,” which originated in democratic Athens, was adopted by republican Rome, and revived in early modern Western Europe, provided members of a “free” community with a means of protesting a threatened reduction of privileges or of consolidating a collective, political identity. Its semantic complexity, however, also enabled it to legitimize racialized enslavement and imperial expansion. Throughout, Nyquist demonstrates how principles relating to political slavery and tyranny are bound up with a Roman jurisprudential doctrine that sanctions the power of life and death held by the slaveholder over slaves and, by extension, the state, its representatives, or its laws over its citizenry.

Arbitrary Rule

Arbitrary Rule

Slavery, Tyranny, and the Power of Life and Death

  • Author: Mary Nyquist
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226271798
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 435
  • View: 9896
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Slavery appears as a figurative construct during the English revolution of the mid-seventeenth century, and again in the American and French revolutions, when radicals represent their treatment as a form of political slavery. What, if anything, does figurative, political slavery have to do with transatlantic slavery? In Arbitrary Rule, Mary Nyquist explores connections between political and chattel slavery by excavating the tradition of Western political thought that justifies actively opposing tyranny. She argues that as powerful rhetorical and conceptual constructs, Greco-Roman political liberty and slavery reemerge at the time of early modern Eurocolonial expansion; they help to create racialized “free” national identities and their “unfree” counterparts in non-European nations represented as inhabiting an earlier, privative age. Arbitrary Rule is the first book to tackle political slavery’s discursive complexity, engaging Eurocolonialism, political philosophy, and literary studies, areas of study too often kept apart. Nyquist proceeds through analyses not only of texts that are canonical in political thought—by Aristotle, Cicero, Hobbes, and Locke—but also of literary works by Euripides, Buchanan, Vondel, Montaigne, and Milton, together with a variety of colonialist and political writings, with special emphasis on tracts written during the English revolution. She illustrates how “antityranny discourse,” which originated in democratic Athens, was adopted by republican Rome, and revived in early modern Western Europe, provided members of a “free” community with a means of protesting a threatened reduction of privileges or of consolidating a collective, political identity. Its semantic complexity, however, also enabled it to legitimize racialized enslavement and imperial expansion. Throughout, Nyquist demonstrates how principles relating to political slavery and tyranny are bound up with a Roman jurisprudential doctrine that sanctions the power of life and death held by the slaveholder over slaves and, by extension, the state, its representatives, or its laws over its citizenry.

Arbitrary Rule

Arbitrary Rule

Slavery, Tyranny, and the Power of Life and Death

  • Author: Mary Nyquist
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022601567X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 440
  • View: 6264
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Slavery appears as a figurative construct during the English revolution of the mid-seventeenth century, and again in the American and French revolutions, when radicals represent their treatment as a form of political slavery. What, if anything, does figurative, political slavery have to do with transatlantic slavery? In Arbitrary Rule, Mary Nyquist explores connections between political and chattel slavery by excavating the tradition of Western political thought that justifies actively opposing tyranny. She argues that as powerful rhetorical and conceptual constructs, Greco-Roman political liberty and slavery reemerge at the time of early modern Eurocolonial expansion; they help to create racialized “free” national identities and their “unfree” counterparts in non-European nations represented as inhabiting an earlier, privative age. Arbitrary Rule is the first book to tackle political slavery’s discursive complexity, engaging Eurocolonialism, political philosophy, and literary studies, areas of study too often kept apart. Nyquist proceeds through analyses not only of texts that are canonical in political thought—by Aristotle, Cicero, Hobbes, and Locke—but also of literary works by Euripides, Buchanan, Vondel, Montaigne, and Milton, together with a variety of colonialist and political writings, with special emphasis on tracts written during the English revolution. She illustrates how “antityranny discourse,” which originated in democratic Athens, was adopted by republican Rome, and revived in early modern Western Europe, provided members of a “free” community with a means of protesting a threatened reduction of privileges or of consolidating a collective, political identity. Its semantic complexity, however, also enabled it to legitimize racialized enslavement and imperial expansion. Throughout, Nyquist demonstrates how principles relating to political slavery and tyranny are bound up with a Roman jurisprudential doctrine that sanctions the power of life and death held by the slaveholder over slaves and, by extension, the state, its representatives, or its laws over its citizenry.

Rational Empires

Rational Empires

Institutional Incentives and Imperial Expansion

  • Author: Leo J. Blanken
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226056732
  • Category: History
  • Page: 218
  • View: 6409
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The nineteenth century marked the high point of imperialism, when tsarist Russia expanded to the Pacific and the sun was said never to set on the British Empire. Imperialism remains a perennial issue in international relations today, and nowhere is this more evident than in the intensifying competition for global resources. Leo J. Blanken explains imperialism through an analysis of the institutions of both the expanding state and its targets of conquest. While democratic states favoring free trade generally resort to imperialism only to preempt aggressive rivals—or when they have reason to believe another state’s political institutions will not hold up when making bargains—authoritarian states tend toward imperialism because they don’t stand to benefit from free trade. The result is three distinct strategies toward imperialism: actors fighting over territory, actors peaceably dividing territory among themselves, and actors refraining from seizing territory altogether. Blanken examines these dynamics through three case studies: the scramble for Africa, the unequal treaties imposed on Qing Dynasty China, and the evolution of Britain’s imperial policy in India. By separating out the different types of imperialism, Blanken provides insight into its sources, as well as the potential implications of increased competition in the current international arena.

Hating Empire Properly

Hating Empire Properly

The Two Indies and the Limits of Enlightenment Anticolonialism

  • Author: Sunil M. Agnani
  • Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
  • ISBN: 0823251802
  • Category: History
  • Page: 280
  • View: 2700
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Discusses arguments made against empire and colonialism in the eighteenth century through works by Denis Diderot and Edmund Burke. Explores the limits and failures of their arguments by emphasizing what they wrote on the two indies, especially India and Haiti.

The End of All Evil

The End of All Evil

  • Author: Jeremy Locke
  • Publisher: Jeremy Locke
  • ISBN: 0977745104
  • Category: Ethics
  • Page: 96
  • View: 1471
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The dawn of the freedom of manknind.

The Unconstitutionality of Slavery

The Unconstitutionality of Slavery

Easyread Super Large 20pt Edition

  • Author: Lysander Spooner
  • Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com
  • ISBN: 1442923660
  • Category: History
  • Page: 424
  • View: 7648
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Second Treatise of Government

Second Treatise of Government

  • Author: John Locke,C. B. Macpherson
  • Publisher: Hackett Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781603844963
  • Category: Political science
  • Page: 148
  • View: 6252
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The Second Treatise is one of the most important political treatises ever written and one of the most far-reaching in its influence. In his provocative 15-page introduction to this edition, the late eminent political theorist C. B. Macpherson examines Locke's arguments for limited, conditional government, private property, and right of revolution and suggests reasons for the appeal of these arguments in Locke's time and since.

No Property in Man

No Property in Man

Slavery and Antislavery at the Nation's Founding

  • Author: Sean Wilentz
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674972228
  • Category: History
  • Page: 280
  • View: 3838
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Driving straight to the heart of the most contentious issue in American history, Sean Wilentz argues controversially that, far from concealing a crime against humanity, the U.S. Constitution limited slavery’s legitimacy—a limitation which in time inspired the antislavery politics that led to Southern secession, the Civil War, and Emancipation.

Milton and Questions of History

Milton and Questions of History

Essays by Canadians Past and Present

  • Author: Feisal Gharib Mohamed
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442643927
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 426
  • View: 3635
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Milton and Questions of History considers the contribution of several classic studies of Milton written by Canadians in the twentieth century. It contemplates whether these might be termed a coherent 'school' of Milton studies in Canada and it explores how these concerns might intervene in current critical and scholarly debates on Milton and, more broadly, on historicist criticism in its relationship to renewed interest in literary form. The volume opens with a selection of seminal articles by noted scholars including Northrop Frye, Hugh McCallum, Douglas Bush, Ernest Sirluck, and A.S.P. Woodhouse. Subsequent essays engage and contextualize these works while incorporating fresh intellectual concerns. The Introduction and Afterword frame the contents so that they constitute a dialogue between past and present critical studies of Milton by Canadian scholars.

Milton in the Long Restoration

Milton in the Long Restoration

  • Author: Blair Hoxby,Ann Baynes Coiro
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198769776
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 635
  • View: 5580
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"Explores Milton's relationship to his contemporaries and early eighteenth-century heirs, demonstrating that some of Milton's earliest readers were more perceptive than Romantic and twentieth-century interpreters"--Publisher.

The Law

The Law

  • Author: Frederic Bastiat
  • Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
  • ISBN: 1596059648
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 68
  • View: 8044
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French political libertarian and economist CLAUDE FRDRIC BASTIAT (1801-1850) was one of the most eloquent champions of the concept that property rights and individual freedoms flowed from natural law. Here, in this 1850 classic, a powerful refutation of Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto, published two years earlier, Bastiat discusses: . what is law? . why socialism constitutes legal plunder . the proper function of the law . the law and morality . "the vicious circle of socialism" . the basis for stable government . and more.

Two treatises of government

Two treatises of government

  • Author: John Locke
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2421
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Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl - Literary Touchstone Classic

Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl - Literary Touchstone Classic

  • Author: Harriet Ann Jacobs
  • Publisher: Prestwick House Inc
  • ISBN: 158049336X
  • Category: Slaves
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2295
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This Prestwick House Literary Touchstone Classic includes a glossary and reader's notes to help the modern reader appreciate Jacobs' perspectives and language.DRIVEN BY THE HORRORS of slavery and fear of a predatory master, Harriet Jacobs, a young black woman, makes the fateful, life-altering decision to escape. Long thought to be the work of a white writer, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl is the captivating and terrifying story of Jacobs' daily life on a plantation in North Carolina, her seven years of hiding, and her ultimate triumph.Jacobs wrote her autobiography in 1861, under a pseudonym to protect the lives of the friends and family she left behind, and the work had been essentially lost until the mid-twentieth century. Now recognized as a classic, unflinching portrait of slave life, Incidents exposes slavery on a level comparable only to that of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass.

The Subjection of Women

The Subjection of Women

  • Author: John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486112411
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 112
  • View: 3062
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This landmark in the struggle for human rights, written by the great English philosopher, argues for equality in all legal, political, social and domestic relations between men and women.

Africa and the Disciplines

Africa and the Disciplines

The Contributions of Research in Africa to the Social Sciences and Humanities

  • Author: Robert H. Bates,V. Y. Mudimbe,Jean F. O'Barr
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226039015
  • Category: History
  • Page: 245
  • View: 420
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African Studies, contrary to some accounts, is not a separate continent in the world of American higher education. Its intellectual borders touch those of economics, literature, history, philosophy, and art; its history is the story of the world, both ancient and modern. This is the clear conclusion of Africa and the Disciplines, a book that addresses the question: Why should Africa be studied in the American university? This question was put to distinguished scholars in the social sciences and humanities, prominent Africanists who are also leaders in their various disciplines. Their responses make a strong and enlightening case for the importance of research on Africa to the academy. Paul Collier's essay, for example, shows how studies of African economies have clarified our understanding of the small open economies, and contributed to the theory of repressed inflation and to a number of areas in microeconomics as well. Art historian Suzanne Blier uses the terms and concepts that her discipline has applied to Africa to analyze the habits of mind and social practice of her own field. Christopher L. Miller describes the confounding and enriching impact of Africa on European and American literary theory. Political scientist Richard Sklar outlines Africa's contributions to the study of political modernization, pluralism, and rational choice. These essays, together with others from scholars in history, anthropology, philosophy, and comparative literature, attest to the influence of African research throughout the curriculum. For many, knowledge from Africa seems distant and exotic. These powerful essays suggest the contrary: that such knowledge has shaped the way in which scholars in various disciplines understand their worlds. Eloquent testimony to Africa's necessary place in the mainstream of American education, this book should alter the academy's understanding of the significance of African research, its definition of core and periphery in human knowledge. "These essays are at once exceptionally thoughtful and remarkably comprehensive. Not only do they offer an unusually interesting overview of African studies; they are also striking for the depth and freshness of their insights. This is the sort of volume from which both seasoned regional experts and students stand to learn an enormous amount."—John Comaroff, University of Chicago "These essays provide an important perspective on the evolution of African studies and offer insights into what Africa can mean for the different humanistic and social science disciplines. Many show in ingenious and subtle ways the enormous potential that the study of Africa has for confounding the main tenets of established fields. One could only hope that the strictures expressed here would be taken to heart in the scholarly world."—Robert L. Tignor, Princeton University

Taxation No Tyranny

Taxation No Tyranny

An Answer to the Resolutions and Address of the American Congress

  • Author: Samuel Johnson
  • Publisher: London : Printed for T. Cadell
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Great Britain
  • Page: 91
  • View: 5373
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Thoughts Upon Slavery

Thoughts Upon Slavery

By John Wesley, A.M.

  • Author: John Wesley
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 28
  • View: 2748
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The Barbarism of Slavery

The Barbarism of Slavery

  • Author: Charles Sumner
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Antislavery movements
  • Page: 32
  • View: 8925
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Abolitionist senator Charles Sumner was absent from the Senate after being attacked and beaten by a pro-slavery Congressman in 1856. This 1860 speech, a fiery attack on slavery, was the first he made after his rehabilitation and return.

The Cambridge History of South African Literature

The Cambridge History of South African Literature

  • Author: David Attwell,Derek Attridge
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316175138
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4081
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South Africa's unique history has produced literatures in many languages, in both oral and written forms, reflecting the diversity in the cultural histories and experiences of its people. The Cambridge History offers a comprehensive, multi-authored history of South African literature in all eleven official languages (and more minor ones) of the country, produced by a team of over forty international experts, including contributors from all of the major regions and language groups of South Africa. It will provide a complete portrait of South Africa's literary production, organised as a chronological history from the oral traditions existing before colonial settlement, to the post-apartheid revision of the past. In a field marked by controversy, this volume is more fully representative than any existing account of South Africa's literary history. It will make a unique contribution to Commonwealth, international and postcolonial studies and serve as a definitive reference work for decades to come.