Search Results for "auroral-plasma-physics-space-sciences-series-of-issi"

Auroral Plasma Physics

Auroral Plasma Physics

  • Author: Götz Paschmann,Stein Haaland,Rudolf Treumann
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400710860
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 486
  • View: 9185
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Handbook of the Solar-Terrestrial Environment

Handbook of the Solar-Terrestrial Environment

  • Author: Yohsuke Kamide,Abraham C.-L. Chian
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540463151
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 539
  • View: 4727
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As a star in the universe, the Sun is constantly releas- cover a wide range of time and spatial scales, making ?? ing energy into space, as much as ?. ? ?? erg/s. Tis observations in the solar-terrestrial environment c- energy emission basically consists of three modes. Te plicated and the understanding of processes di?cult. ?rst mode of solar energy is the so-called blackbody ra- In the early days, the phenomena in each plasma diation, commonly known as sunlight, and the second region were studied separately, but with the progress mode of solar electromagnetic emission, such as X rays of research, we realized the importance of treating and UV radiation, is mostly absorbed above the Earth’s the whole chain of processes as an entity because of stratosphere. Te third mode of solar energy emission is strong interactions between various regions within in the form of particles having a wide range of energies the solar-terrestrial system. On the basis of extensive from less than ? keV to more than ? GeV. It is convenient satellite observations and computer simulations over to group these particles into lower-energy particles and thepasttwo decades, it hasbecomepossibleto analyze higher-energy particles, which are referred to as the so- speci?cally the close coupling of di?erent regions in the lar wind and solar cosmic rays, respectively. solar-terrestrial environment.

Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments

Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments

  • Author: Stein Haaland,Andrei Runov,Colin Forsyth
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119216516
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 376
  • View: 6766
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Dawn­Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments Dawn-dusk asymmetries are ubiquitous features of the plasma environment of many of the planets in our solar system. They occur when a particular process or feature is more pronounced at one side of a planet than the other. For example, recent observations indicate that Earth's magnetopause is thicker at dawn than at dusk. Likewise, auroral breakups at Earth are more likely to occur in the pre-midnight than post-midnight sectors. Increasing availability of remotely sensed and in situ measurements of planetary ionospheres, magnetospheres and their interfaces to the solar wind have revealed significant and persistent dawn-dusk asymmetries. As yet there is no consensus regarding the source of many of these asymmetries, nor the physical mechanisms by which they are produced and maintained. Volume highlights include: A comprehensive and updated overview of current knowledge about dawn-dusk asymmetries in the plasma environments of planets in our solar system and the mechanisms behind them Valuable contributions from internationally recognized experts, covering both observations, simulations and theories discussing all important aspects of dawn-dusk asymmetries Space weather effects are caused by processes in space, mainly the magnetotail, and can be highly localized on ground. Knowing where the source, i.e., where dawn-dusk location is will allow for a better prediction of where the effects on ground will be most pronounced Covering both observational and theoretical aspects of dawn dusk asymmetries, Dawn­-Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments will be a valuable resource for academic researchers in space physics, planetary science, astrophysics, physics, geophysics and earth science.

Magnetospheric dynamics and the international living with a star program

Magnetospheric dynamics and the international living with a star program

  • Author: M. Shay,COSPAR.
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 333
  • View: 760
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Plasma Sources of Solar System Magnetospheres

Plasma Sources of Solar System Magnetospheres

  • Author: Andrew F. Nagy,Michel Blanc,Charles R. Chappell,Norbert Krupp
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1493935445
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 295
  • View: 1756
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This volume reviews what we know of the corresponding plasma source for each intrinsically magnetized planet. Plasma sources fall essentially in three categories: the solar wind, the ionosphere (both prevalent on Earth), and the satellite-related sources. Throughout the text, the case of each planet is described, including the characteristics, chemical composition and intensity of each source. The authors also describe how the plasma generated at the source regions is transported to populate the magnetosphere, and how it is later lost. To summarize, the dominant sources are found to be the solar wind and sputtered surface ions at Mercury, the solar wind and ionosphere at Earth (the relative importance of the two being discussed in a specific introductory chapter), Io at Jupiter and – a big surprise of the Cassini findings – Enceladus at Saturn. The situation for Uranus and Neptune, which were investigated by only one fly-by each, is still open and requires further studies and exploration. In the final chapter, the book offers a summary of the little we know of Uranus and Neptune, then summarizes in a comparative way what we know of plasma sources throughout the solar system, and proposes directions for future research.

Magnetospheric Plasma Sources and Losses

Magnetospheric Plasma Sources and Losses

Final Report of the ISSI Study Project on Source and Loss Processes

  • Author: Bengt Hultqvist,Marit Øieroset,Götz Paschmann,Rudolf Treumann
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 940114477X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 482
  • View: 7508
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This sixth volume in the ISSI Space Sciences Series is a fully integrated book that gives an authoritative overview of all aspects of the topic in a well-organized form. Leading international scientists from all over the world contributed consistent, cross-referenced articles of high scientific standard.

The Magnetodiscs and Aurorae of Giant Planets

The Magnetodiscs and Aurorae of Giant Planets

  • Author: Karoly Szego,Nicholas Achilleos,Chris Arridge,Sarah Badman,Peter Delamere,Denis Grodent,Margaret G. Kivelson,Philippe Louarn
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1493933957
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 333
  • View: 5000
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Readers will find grouped together here the most recent observations, current theoretical models and present understanding of the coupled atmosphere, magnetosphere and solar wind system. The book begins with a general discussion of mass, energy and momentum transport in magnetodiscs. The physics of partially ionized plasmas of the giant planet magnetodiscs is of general interest throughout the field of space physics, heliophysics and astrophysical plasmas; therefore, understanding the basic physical processes associated with magnetodiscs has universal applications. The second chapter characterizes the solar wind interaction and auroral responses to solar wind driven dynamics. The third chapter describes the role of magnetic reconnection and the effects on plasma transport. Finally, the last chapter characterizes the spectral and spatial properties of auroral emissions, distinguishing between solar wind drivers and internal driving mechanisms. The in-depth reviews provide an excellent reference for future research in this discipline.

Transport Across the Boundaries of the Magnetosphere

Transport Across the Boundaries of the Magnetosphere

Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop October 1–5, 1996, Bern, Switzerland

  • Author: Bengt Hultqvist,Marit Øieroset
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400900457
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 394
  • View: 8181
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The present volume is the second one in the Space Sciences Series of ISSI (Inter national Space Science Institute) and the October 1997 issue of Space Science Reviews. It contains the proceedings of the first workshop in the ISSI study project on "Source and Loss Processes of Magnetospheric Plasma", which was held at ISSI in Bern on October 1-5, 1996. The participants in the project, the project team, numbered at that time 51, of whom 45 participated in the workshop. The main tasks of the first workshop were to provide a basis for the further work by means of presentation and discussion of those 16 review papers which are pub lished in this volume and to prepare plans for the work of six working groups in the year up to the second workshop in October 1997. The ISSI study project on "Source and Loss Processes of Magnetospheric Plas ma" was selected by ISSI in December 1995 as the first in the solar-terrestrial physics field after consulting a number of groups of senior scientists represent ing the international space physics community at large. The undersigned, Bengt Hultqvist, is the project leader. A Core Group, consisting of two co-chairs for each of six working groups and four ex-officio members from the Space Science Com mittee of ISSI (H. Balsiger, A. Galeev, G. Haerendel, and D. Southwood), con vened at ISSI in March 1996.

Solar System History from Isotopic Signatures of Volatile Elements

Solar System History from Isotopic Signatures of Volatile Elements

Volume Resulting from an Issi Workshop, 14-18 January 2002, Bern, Switzerland

  • Author: R. Kallenbach,International Space Science Institute,Therese Encrenaz,Johannes Geiss
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402011771
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 427
  • View: 459
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Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop, 14-18 January 2002, Bern, Switzerland

The solar system and beyond

The solar system and beyond

ten years of ISSI

  • Author: International Space Science Institute,European Space Agency
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2137
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American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: American literature
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7028
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Advances in Space Environment Research

Advances in Space Environment Research

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400710690
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 540
  • View: 6671
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Advances in Space Environment Research - Volume I contains the proceedings of two international workshops, the World Space Environment Forum (WSEF2002) and the High Performance Computing in Space Environment Research (HPC2002), organized by the World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER) from 22 July to 2 August 2002 in Adelaide, Australia. The articles in this volume review the state-of-the-art of the theoretical, computational and observational studies of the physical processes of Sun-Earth connections and Space Environment. They cover six topical areas: Sun/Heliosphere, Magnetosphere/Bow Shock, Ionosphere/Atmosphere, Space Weather/Space Climate, Space Plasma Physics/Astrophysics, and Complex/Intelligent Systems.

Magnetospheric Plasma Physics: The Impact of Jim Dungey’s Research

Magnetospheric Plasma Physics: The Impact of Jim Dungey’s Research

  • Author: David Southwood,Stanley W. H. Cowley FRS,Simon Mitton
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319183591
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 271
  • View: 5568
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This book makes good background reading for much of modern magnetospheric physics. Its origin was a Festspiel for Professor Jim Dungey, former professor in the Physics Department at Imperial College on the occasion of his 90th birthday, 30 January 2013. Remarkably, although he retired 30 years ago, his pioneering and, often, maverick work in the 50’s through to the 70’s on solar terrestrial physics is probably more widely appreciated today than when he retired. Dungey was a theoretical plasma physicist. The book covers how his reconnection model of the magnetosphere evolved to become the standard model of solar-terrestrial coupling. Dungey’s open magnetosphere model now underpins a holistic picture explaining not only the magnetic and plasma structure of the magnetosphere, but also its dynamics which can be monitored in real time. The book also shows how modern day simulation of solar terrestrial coupling can reproduce the real time evolution of the solar terrestrial system in ways undreamt of in 1961 when Dungey’s epoch-making paper was published. Further contributions on current Earth magnetosphere research and space plasma physics included in this book show how Dungey’s basic ideas have remained explanative 50 years on. But the Festspiel also introduced some advances that possibly Dungey had not foreseen. One of the contributions presented in this book is on the variety of magnetospheres of the solar system which have been seen directly during the space age, discussing the variations in spatial scale and reconnection time scale and comparing them in respect of Earth, Mercury, the giant planets as well as Ganymede.

Particle acceleration, space plasma physics, solar radiation and the earth's atmosphere and climate

Particle acceleration, space plasma physics, solar radiation and the earth's atmosphere and climate

  • Author: Thomas H. Zurbuchen
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Particle acceleration
  • Page: 244
  • View: 5450
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Microphysics of Cosmic Plasmas

Microphysics of Cosmic Plasmas

  • Author: André Balogh,Andrei Bykov,Peter Cargill,Richard Dendy,Thierry Dudok de Wit,John Raymond
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 148997413X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 637
  • View: 5587
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Presents a comprehensive review of physical processes in astrophysical plasmas. This title presents a review of the detailed aspects of the physical processes that underlie the observed properties, structures and dynamics of cosmic plasmas. An assessment of the status of understanding of microscale processes in all astrophysical collisionless plasmas is provided. The topics discussed include turbulence in astrophysical and solar system plasmas as a phenomenological description of their dynamic properties on all scales; observational, theoretical and modelling aspects of collisionless magnetic reconnection; the formation and dynamics of shock waves; and a review and assessment of microprocesses, such as the hierarchy of plasma instabilities, non-local and non-diffusive transport processes and ionisation and radiation processes. In addition, some of the lessons that have been learned from the extensive existing knowledge of laboratory plasmas as applied to astrophysical problems are also covered. This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers active in the areas of cosmic plasmas and space science. Originally published in Space Science Reviews journal, Vol. 278/2-4, 2013.

The Observatory

The Observatory

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Astronomy
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1309
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Earth’s Magnetospheric Processes

Earth’s Magnetospheric Processes

Proceedings of a Symposium Organized by the Summer Advanced Study Institute and Ninth ESRO Summer School, Held in Cortina, Italy, August 30–September 10, 1971

  • Author: Billy McCormac
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401028966
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 419
  • View: 6461
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This book contains the lectures presented at the Summer Advanced Institute and Ninth ESRO Summer School which was held in Cortina, Italy, during the period August 30 through September 10, 1971. One hundred seventy-nine persons from eight een different countries attended. The authors and the publisher have made a special effort for rapid publication of an up-to-date status of the particles, fields, and processes in the earth's magnetosphere, which is an ever changing area. Special thanks are due to the lecturers for their diligent preparation and excellent presentations. The individual lectures and the published papers were deliberately limited; the author's cooperation in conforming to these specifications is greatly appreciated. The contents of the book are organized by sub ject area rather than in the order in which papers were presented during the Institute/ School. Many thanks are due to Drs J. Ronald Burrows, James W. Dungey, Harry Elliot, Roger Gendrin, Edward W. Hones, Jr. , Reimar Liist, and J. Ortner who served as session chairmen during the Institute and contributed greatly to its success by skill fully directing the discussion period in a stimulating manner after each lecture. Many persons contributed to the success of the Institute/School. The co-chairman, Dr Reimar Liist, was most helpful during all phases of the preparation and planning. Drs J. Ronald Burrows, Harry Elliot, Carl-Gunne Fiilthammar, M. Giorgi, J. Ortner, J. R. U. Page, Alois Schardt, James A. Van Allen, and Martin Walt were especially helpful in preparing the technical program.

Mars International Reference Atmosphere, Living With a Star and fundamental physics

Mars International Reference Atmosphere, Living With a Star and fundamental physics

  • Author: Jon Todd Hoeksema,R. V. Duncan,T. J. Sumner,COSPAR.
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 174
  • View: 3494
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