Search Results for "auroral-plasma-physics-space-sciences-series-of-issi"

Auroral Plasma Physics

Auroral Plasma Physics

  • Author: Götz Paschmann,Stein Haaland,Rudolf Treumann
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400710860
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 486
  • View: 7020
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This volume gives a broad synthesis of the current knowledge and understanding of the plasma physics behind the aurora. The aurora is not only one of the most spectacular natural phenomena on Earth, but the underlying physical processes are expected to be ubiquitous in the plasma universe. Recognizing the enormous progress made over the last decade) through in situ and groundbased measurements as well as theoretical modelling, it seemed timely to write the first comprehensive and integrated book on the subject. Recent advances concern the clarification of the nature of the acceleration process of the electrons that are responsible for the visible aurora, the recognition of the fundamental role of the large-scale current systems in organizing the auroral morphology, and of the interplay between particles and electromagnetic fields.

Handbook of the Solar-Terrestrial Environment

Handbook of the Solar-Terrestrial Environment

  • Author: Yohsuke Kamide,Abraham C.-L. Chian
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540463151
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 539
  • View: 6648
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As a star in the universe, the Sun is constantly releas- cover a wide range of time and spatial scales, making ?? ing energy into space, as much as ?. ? ?? erg/s. Tis observations in the solar-terrestrial environment c- energy emission basically consists of three modes. Te plicated and the understanding of processes di?cult. ?rst mode of solar energy is the so-called blackbody ra- In the early days, the phenomena in each plasma diation, commonly known as sunlight, and the second region were studied separately, but with the progress mode of solar electromagnetic emission, such as X rays of research, we realized the importance of treating and UV radiation, is mostly absorbed above the Earth’s the whole chain of processes as an entity because of stratosphere. Te third mode of solar energy emission is strong interactions between various regions within in the form of particles having a wide range of energies the solar-terrestrial system. On the basis of extensive from less than ? keV to more than ? GeV. It is convenient satellite observations and computer simulations over to group these particles into lower-energy particles and thepasttwo decades, it hasbecomepossibleto analyze higher-energy particles, which are referred to as the so- speci?cally the close coupling of di?erent regions in the lar wind and solar cosmic rays, respectively. solar-terrestrial environment.

Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments

Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments

  • Author: Stein Haaland,Andrei Runov,Colin Forsyth
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119216516
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 376
  • View: 8712
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Dawn­Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments Dawn-dusk asymmetries are ubiquitous features of the plasma environment of many of the planets in our solar system. They occur when a particular process or feature is more pronounced at one side of a planet than the other. For example, recent observations indicate that Earth's magnetopause is thicker at dawn than at dusk. Likewise, auroral breakups at Earth are more likely to occur in the pre-midnight than post-midnight sectors. Increasing availability of remotely sensed and in situ measurements of planetary ionospheres, magnetospheres and their interfaces to the solar wind have revealed significant and persistent dawn-dusk asymmetries. As yet there is no consensus regarding the source of many of these asymmetries, nor the physical mechanisms by which they are produced and maintained. Volume highlights include: A comprehensive and updated overview of current knowledge about dawn-dusk asymmetries in the plasma environments of planets in our solar system and the mechanisms behind them Valuable contributions from internationally recognized experts, covering both observations, simulations and theories discussing all important aspects of dawn-dusk asymmetries Space weather effects are caused by processes in space, mainly the magnetotail, and can be highly localized on ground. Knowing where the source, i.e., where dawn-dusk location is will allow for a better prediction of where the effects on ground will be most pronounced Covering both observational and theoretical aspects of dawn dusk asymmetries, Dawn­-Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments will be a valuable resource for academic researchers in space physics, planetary science, astrophysics, physics, geophysics and earth science.

Magnetospheric dynamics and the international living with a star program

Magnetospheric dynamics and the international living with a star program

  • Author: M. Shay,COSPAR.
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 333
  • View: 2863
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Solar System History from Isotopic Signatures of Volatile Elements

Solar System History from Isotopic Signatures of Volatile Elements

Volume Resulting from an Issi Workshop, 14-18 January 2002, Bern, Switzerland

  • Author: International Space Science Institute
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402011771
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 427
  • View: 9797
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Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop, 14-18 January 2002, Bern, Switzerland

The solar system and beyond

The solar system and beyond

ten years of ISSI

  • Author: International Space Science Institute,European Space Agency
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 573
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Magnetospheric Plasma Sources and Losses

Magnetospheric Plasma Sources and Losses

Final Report of the ISSI Study Project on Source and Loss Processes

  • Author: Bengt Hultqvist,Marit Øieroset,Götz Paschmann,Rudolf Treumann
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 940114477X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 482
  • View: 7711
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This sixth volume in the ISSI Space Sciences Series is a fully integrated book that gives an authoritative overview of all aspects of the topic in a well-organized form. Leading international scientists from all over the world contributed consistent, cross-referenced articles of high scientific standard.

American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: American literature
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4718
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Transport Across the Boundaries of the Magnetosphere

Transport Across the Boundaries of the Magnetosphere

Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop October 1–5, 1996, Bern, Switzerland

  • Author: Bengt Hultqvist,Marit Øieroset
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400900457
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 394
  • View: 9740
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The present volume is the second one in the Space Sciences Series of ISSI (Inter national Space Science Institute) and the October 1997 issue of Space Science Reviews. It contains the proceedings of the first workshop in the ISSI study project on "Source and Loss Processes of Magnetospheric Plasma", which was held at ISSI in Bern on October 1-5, 1996. The participants in the project, the project team, numbered at that time 51, of whom 45 participated in the workshop. The main tasks of the first workshop were to provide a basis for the further work by means of presentation and discussion of those 16 review papers which are pub lished in this volume and to prepare plans for the work of six working groups in the year up to the second workshop in October 1997. The ISSI study project on "Source and Loss Processes of Magnetospheric Plas ma" was selected by ISSI in December 1995 as the first in the solar-terrestrial physics field after consulting a number of groups of senior scientists represent ing the international space physics community at large. The undersigned, Bengt Hultqvist, is the project leader. A Core Group, consisting of two co-chairs for each of six working groups and four ex-officio members from the Space Science Com mittee of ISSI (H. Balsiger, A. Galeev, G. Haerendel, and D. Southwood), con vened at ISSI in March 1996.

Particle acceleration, space plasma physics, solar radiation and the earth's atmosphere and climate

Particle acceleration, space plasma physics, solar radiation and the earth's atmosphere and climate

  • Author: Thomas H. Zurbuchen
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Particle acceleration
  • Page: 244
  • View: 7738
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The Observatory

The Observatory

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Astronomy
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 614
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Max-Planck-Gesellschaft Jahrbuch

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft Jahrbuch

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4298
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Veröffentlichungen

Veröffentlichungen

  • Author: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5697
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Plasma Sources of Solar System Magnetospheres

Plasma Sources of Solar System Magnetospheres

  • Author: Andrew F. Nagy,Michel Blanc,Charles Chappell,Norbert Krupp
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1493935445
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 295
  • View: 4173
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This volume reviews what we know of the corresponding plasma source for each intrinsically magnetized planet. Plasma sources fall essentially in three categories: the solar wind, the ionosphere (both prevalent on Earth), and the satellite-related sources. Throughout the text, the case of each planet is described, including the characteristics, chemical composition and intensity of each source. The authors also describe how the plasma generated at the source regions is transported to populate the magnetosphere, and how it is later lost. To summarize, the dominant sources are found to be the solar wind and sputtered surface ions at Mercury, the solar wind and ionosphere at Earth (the relative importance of the two being discussed in a specific introductory chapter), Io at Jupiter and – a big surprise of the Cassini findings – Enceladus at Saturn. The situation for Uranus and Neptune, which were investigated by only one fly-by each, is still open and requires further studies and exploration. In the final chapter, the book offers a summary of the little we know of Uranus and Neptune, then summarizes in a comparative way what we know of plasma sources throughout the solar system, and proposes directions for future research.

Solar terrestrial physics

Solar terrestrial physics

present and future : a report based on the Solar Terrestrial Physics Workshop, December 1982 to November 1983

  • Author: United States. Office of Space Science and Applications,National Science Foundation (U.S.)
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Astrophysics
  • Page: 590
  • View: 9010
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Dynamic Coupling Between Earth's Atmospheric and Plasma Environments

Dynamic Coupling Between Earth's Atmospheric and Plasma Environments

  • Author: Tilmann Bosinger,James LaBelle,Hermann J. Opgenoorth,Jean-Pierre Pommereau,Kazuo Shiokawa,Stan Solomon,Rudolf Treumann
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9781489989611
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 610
  • View: 8184
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This book describes the relationship between the atmosphere and the external plasma of Earth in an unconventional manner. While the main mechanical energy is located in the dense atmosphere, the presence of Earth's plasma environment, which is immersed in the magnetosphere, causes a number of very interesting effects on the atmosphere. A list of such effects includes magnetic substorms, magnetic storms and aurora to the dynamics of the upper atmosphere, heating, thermal expansion, and vertical and horizontal winds. Particle precipitation produces excess ionization and electric currents, causes electric fields, affects recombination and modifies chemical reactions. These are processes which may become important in the climate. The collected articles provide an overview of these effects. This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers active in the areas of atmospheric science and space science. Previously published in Space Science Reviews, Vol. 168/1-4, 2012.

International Aerospace Abstracts

International Aerospace Abstracts

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Aeronautics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3789
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Comparative Aeronomy

Comparative Aeronomy

  • Author: Andrew F. Nagy,A. Balogh,Thomas E. Cravens,Michael Mendillo,Ingo Müller-Wodarg
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0387878254
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 456
  • View: 8047
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Andrew F. Nagy Originally published in the journal Space Science Reviews, Volume 139, Nos 1–4. DOI: 10. 1007/s11214-008-9353-0 © Springer Science+Business Media B. V. 2008 Keywords Aeronomy The term “aeronomy” has been used widely for many decades, but its origin has mostly been lost over the years. It was introduced by Sydney Chapman in a Letter to the Editor, entitled “Some Thoughts on Nomenclature”, in Nature in 1946 (Chapman 1946). In that letter he suggested that aeronomy should replace meteorology, writing that the word “meteor is now irrelevant and misleading”. This proposal was apparently not received with much support so in a short note in Weather in 1953 Chapman (1953)wrote: “If, despite its obvious convenience of brevity in itself and its derivatives, it does not commend itself to aeronomers, I think there is a case for modifying my proposal so that instead of the word being used to signify the study of the atmosphere in general, it should be adopted with the restricted sense of the science of the upper atmosphere, for which there is no convenient short word. ” In a chapter, he wrote in a 1960 book (Chapman 1960), he give his nal and de nitive de nition, by stating that “Aeronomy is the science of the upper region of the atmosphere, where dissociation and ionization are important”. The Workshop on “Comparative Aeronomy” was held at ISSI during the week of June 25–29, 2007.

Physik des erdnahen Weltraums

Physik des erdnahen Weltraums

Eine Einführung

  • Author: Gerd Prölss
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3642188079
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 529
  • View: 8755
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Dieses Buch, das in die Gebiete, Methoden und Ergebnisse der Extraterrestrischen Physik einführen möchte, wendet sich an ein relativ breites Publikum. Vorausgesetzt werden lediglich Grundkenntnisse der Mathematik und Physik, wie sie in den ersten Semestern eines natur- oder ingenieurwissenschaftlichen Studiums erworben werden. Spezielleres Wissen wird im Zusammenhang mit dem jeweils betrachteten Phänomen abgeleitet. Es eignet sich daher sowohl zum Selbststudium für Quereinsteiger als auch vorlesungsbegleitend für alle Studentent der Fachrichtungen Physik, Geophysik, Meteorologie und Astronomie.