Search Results for "behavior-based-robotics-intelligent-robotics-and-autonomous-agents"

Behavior-based Robotics

Behavior-based Robotics

  • Author: Ronald C. Arkin,Regents' Professor & Director of the Mobile Robot Laboratory Ronald C Arkin,Ronald C.. Arkin
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262011655
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 491
  • View: 4701
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foreword by Michael Arbib "Hard to put down and necessary to know -- Arkin's book provides a comprehensive intellectual history of robots and a thorough compilation of robotic organizational paradigms from reflexes through social interaction." -- Chris Brown, Professor of Computer Science, University of Rochester This introduction to the principles, design, and practice of intelligent behavior-based autonomous robotic systems is the first true survey of this robotics field. The author presents the tools and techniques central to the development of this class of systems in a clear and thorough manner. Following a discussion of the relevant biological and psychological models of behavior, he covers the use of knowledge and learning in autonomous robots, behavior-based and hybrid robot architectures, modular perception, robot colonies, and future trends in robot intelligence. The text throughout refers to actual implemented robots and includes many pictures and descriptions of hardware, making it clear that these are not abstract simulations, but real machines capable of perception, cognition, and action.

Detecting and Mitigating Robotic Cyber Security Risks

Detecting and Mitigating Robotic Cyber Security Risks

  • Author: Kumar, Raghavendra,Pattnaik, Prasant Kumar,Pandey, Priyanka
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 1522521550
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 384
  • View: 7705
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Risk detection and cyber security play a vital role in the use and success of contemporary computing. By utilizing the latest technological advances, more effective prevention techniques can be developed to protect against cyber threats. Detecting and Mitigating Robotic Cyber Security Risks is an essential reference publication for the latest research on new methodologies and applications in the areas of robotic and digital security. Featuring extensive coverage on a broad range of topics, such as authentication techniques, cloud security, and mobile robotics, this book is ideally designed for students, researchers, scientists, and engineers seeking current research on methods, models, and implementations of optimized security in digital contexts.

Autonome Mobile Systeme 1998

Autonome Mobile Systeme 1998

14. Fachgespräch Karlsruhe, 30. November-1. Dezember 1998

  • Author: Heinz Wörn,Rüdiger Dillmann,Dominik Henrich
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3642600433
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 272
  • View: 6256
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Vor 13 Jahren fand im November 1985 an der Universität Karlsruhe erstmals das Fachgespräch über "Autonome Mobile Systeme" statt. Seither wird es regelmäßig jedes Jahr alternierend einmal in München, Karlsruhe und seit 1994 auch in Stuttgart abgehalten. Diese Tradition entwickelte sich insbesondere durch Forschungs schwerpunkte, Verbundprojekte und Sonderforschungsbereiche, die an diesen Universitäten zu dem Thema autonome Systeme bearbeitet wurden, aktuell laufen oder in Planung sind. Im Dezember 1998 findet das 14. Fachgespräch "Autonome Mobile Systeme" (AMS'98) nunmehr das siebte Mal in Karlsruhe statt. Das Fachgespräch versteht sich als kritisches wissenschaftliches Forum im deutschsprachigen Raum, auf dem Arbeiten aus Universitäten und Fachhochschulen, Forschungseinrichtungen und Firmen auf dem Gebiet der autonomen mobilen Robotersysteme vorgestellt, diskutiert und neue Ideen aufgegriffen werden. Mit Freude können die Veranstalter darauf verweisen, daß auch internationale Gäste in das Fachgespräch eingebunden werden konnten. Bei den bisherigen Fachgesprächen zeigte sich deutlich, daß sich der Begriff der Autonomie von Robotersystemen ständig ändert und von den Anforderungen der jeweiligen Anwendung geprägt wird. Zu Beginn der Fachgesprächsreihe standen autonome Fahrzeuge in industriellen Produktionsbereichen im Vordergrund. Im Jahr 1998 zeigt das Spektrum der Beiträge, daß Autonomie auch ein Grundbestandteil von Straßen-, Gelände- Wasser- und Luftfahrzeugen wird. Die Forschung auf dem Gebiet autonomer mobiler Roboter konzentriert sich zunehmend auf den Bereich Serviceroboter. So wurden auf der Hannover-Messe in diesem Jahr auf dem Gemeinschaftsstand Serviceroboter zahlreiche mobile Plattformen für Roboteranwendungen in unterschiedlichen Dienstleistungsbereichen wie Büro, Hotel, Krankenhaus und gar im privaten Umfeld vorgestellt.

21st Century Robotics

21st Century Robotics

  • Author: Rosen Publishing Group
  • Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9781404209855
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 101
  • View: 7396
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Presents a collection of essays from Scientific American on the advances made in robotics and what future robots may do.

Rapid Automation: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Rapid Automation: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

  • Author: Management Association, Information Resources
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 1522580611
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 1566
  • View: 984
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Through expanded intelligence, the use of robotics has fundamentally transformed the business industry. Providing successful techniques in robotic design allows for increased autonomous mobility, which leads to a greater productivity and production level. Rapid Automation: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications provides innovative insights into the state-of-the-art technologies in the design and development of robotics and their real-world applications in business processes. Highlighting a range of topics such as workflow automation tools, human-computer interaction, and swarm robotics, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for computer engineers, business managers, robotic developers, business and IT professionals, academicians, and researchers.

Next-Generation Applied Intelligence

Next-Generation Applied Intelligence

22nd International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2009, Tainan, Taiwan, June 24-27, 2009. Proceedings

  • Author: Been-Chian Chien,Tzung-Pei Hong,Moonis Ali
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642025676
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 839
  • View: 2828
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The International Conference on Industrial, Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems (IEA/AIE), always sponsored by the International So- ety of Applied Intelligence (ISAI), emphasizes applications of applied intelligent systems to solve real-life problems in all areas. It is held every year and has become one of the biggest and most important academic activities concerning the theory and applications of intelligent systems in the world. The IEA/AIE 2009 conference was hosted by the National University of Tainan and National University of Kaohsiung in Taiwan. This was the first time that the IEA/AIE conference was held in Taiwan. We received 286 papers from all parts of the world. Only 84 papers were selected for publication in this volume of LNAI proceedings. Each paper was reviewed by at least two anonymous referees to assure the high quality. We would like to express our sincere thanks to the Program Committee members and all the reviewers for their hard work, which helped us to select the highest quality papers for the conference. These papers highlight opportunities and challenges for the next generation of applied int- ligence and reveal technological innovations in real applications.

Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology

Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology

  • Author: Grant R. Gerhart,Chuck M. Shoemaker,Douglas Whitney Gage
  • Publisher: Society of Photo Optical
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Robots
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6919
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Robotics and Autonomous Systems

Robotics and Autonomous Systems

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Robotics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1759
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Intelligent Behavior in Animals and Robots

Intelligent Behavior in Animals and Robots

  • Author: David McFarland,Tom Bösser
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262132930
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 308
  • View: 2762
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Intelligence takes many forms. This exciting study explores the novel insight, basedon well-established ethological principles, that animals, humans, and autonomous robots can all beanalyzed as multi-task autonomous control systems. Biological adaptive systems, the authors argue,can in fact provide a better understanding of intelligence and rationality than that provided bytraditional AI.In this technically sophisticated, clearly written investigation of robot-animalanalogies, McFarland and Bösser show that a bee's accuracy in navigating on a cloudy day and amoth's simple but effective hearing mechanisms have as much to teach us about intelligent behavioras human models. In defining intelligent behavior, what matters is the behavioral outcome, not thenature of the mechanism by which the outcome is achieved. Similarly, in designing robots capable ofintelligent behavior, what matters is the behavioral outcome.McFarland and Bösser address theproblem of how to assess the consequences of robot behavior in a way that is meaningful in terms ofthe robot's intended role, comparing animal and robot in relation to rational behavior, goalseeking, task accomplishment, learning, and other important theoretical issues.David McFarland isReader in Animal Behaviour at the University of Oxford. Thomas Bösser is Head of the Man MachineResearch Group at Westfälische Wilhelms Universität, in Münster, and a partner in the consultingfirm Advanced Concepts.

Autonomous Robots

Autonomous Robots

From Biological Inspiration to Implementation and Control

  • Author: George A. Bekey
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262025782
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 577
  • View: 9283
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An introduction to the science and practice of autonomous robots that reviews over 300 current systems and examines the underlying technology.

The Biology and Technology of Intelligent Autonomous Agents

The Biology and Technology of Intelligent Autonomous Agents

  • Author: Luc Steels
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 364279629X
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 517
  • View: 1860
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The NATO sponsored Advanced Study Institute 'The Biology and Tech nology of Intelligent Autonomous Agents' was an extraordinary event. For two weeks it brought together the leading proponents of the new behavior oriented approach to Artificial Intelligence in Castel Ivano near Trento. The goal of the meeting was to establish a solid scientific and technological foun dation for the field of intelligent autonomous agents with a bias towards the new methodologies and techniques that have recently been developed in Ar tificial Intelligence under the strong influence of biology. Major themes of the conference were: bottom-up AI research, artificial life, neural networks and techniques of emergent functionality. The meeting was such an extraordinary event because it not only featured very high quality lectures on autonomous agents and the various fields feeding it, but also robot laboratories which were set up by the MIT AI laboratory (with a lab led by Rodney Brooks) and the VUB AI laboratory (with labs led by Tim Smithers and Luc Steels). This way the participants could also gain practical experience and discuss in concreto what the difficulties and achievements were of different approaches. In fact, the meeting has been such a success that a follow up meeting is planned for September 1995 in Monte Verita (Switzerland). This meeting is organised by Rolf Pfeifer (University of Zurich).

The Robotics Primer

The Robotics Primer

  • Author: Maja J. Matarić,Ronald C. Arkin
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 026263354X
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 306
  • View: 4064
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1. What is a robot? 2. Where do robots come from? 3. What's in a robot? 4. Arms, legs, wheels, tracks, and really drives them 5. Move it! 6. Grasping at straws 7. What's going on? 8. Switch on ghe light 9. Sonars, lasers, and cameras 10. Stay in control 11. The building bolcks of control 12. What's in your head? 13. Think hard, act later 14. Don't think, react! 15. Think and act separately, in parallel 16. Think the way you act 17. Making your robot behave 18. When the unexpected happens 19. Going places 20. Go, team! 21. Things keep getting better 22. Where to next?

Designing Autonomous Agents

Designing Autonomous Agents

Theory and Practice from Biology to Engineering and Back

  • Author: Pattie Maes
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262631358
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 194
  • View: 1796
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Designing Autonomous Agents provides a summary and overview of the radically different architectures that have been developed over the past few years for organizing robots. These architectures have led to major breakthroughs that promise to revolutionize the study of autonomous agents and perhaps artificial intelligence in general.The new architectures emphasize more direct coupling of sensing to action, distributedness and decentralization, dynamic interaction with the environment, and intrinsic mechanisms to cope with limited resources and incomplete knowledge. The research discussed here encompasses such important ideas as emergent functionality, task-level decomposition, and reasoning methods such as analogical representations and visual operations that make the task of perception more realistic.Pattie Maes is Research Associate at the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory of the University of Brussels and Visiting Faculty Member at the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at MIT.Contents: A Biological Perspective on Autonomous Agent Design, Randall D. Beer, Hillel J. Chiel, Leon S. Sterling. Elephants Don't Play Chess, Rodney A. Brooks. What Are Plans For? Philip E. Agre and David Chapman. Action and Planning in Embedded Agents, Leslie Pack Kaelbling and Stanley J. Rosenschein. Situated Agents Can Have Goals, Pattie Maes. Exploiting Analogical Representations, Luc Steels. Internalized Plans: A Representation for Action Resources, David W. Payton. Integrating Behavioral, Perceptual, and World Knowledge in Reactive Navigation, Ronald C. Arkin. Symbol Grounding via a Hybrid Architecture in an Autonomous Assembly System, Chris Malcolm and Tim Smithers. Animal Behavior as a Paradigm for Developing Robot Autonomy, Tracy L. Anderson and Max Donath.

Intelligent Robotics and Applications

Intelligent Robotics and Applications

First International Conference, ICIRA 2008 Wuhan, China, October 15-17, 2008 Proceedings

  • Author: Caihua Xiong,Yongan Huang,Youlun Xiong
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540885129
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 1284
  • View: 2430
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Poland, - mania,Singapore,Slovakia,Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan,UK,and USA.

Introduction to AI Robotics

Introduction to AI Robotics

  • Author: Robin Murphy,Robin R.. Murphy,Ronald C. Arkin
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262133838
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 466
  • View: 957
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A comprehensive introduction to the AI approach to robotics, combining theoretical rigor and practical applications; with case studies and exercises. This text covers all the material needed to understand the principles behind the AI approach to robotics and to program an artificially intelligent robot for applications involving sensing, navigation, planning, and uncertainty. Robin Murphy is extremely effective at combining theoretical and practical rigor with a light narrative touch. In the overview, for example, she touches upon anthropomorphic robots from classic films and science fiction stories before delving into the nuts and bolts of organizing intelligence in robots. Following the overview, Murphy contrasts AI and engineering approaches and discusses what she calls the three paradigms of AI robotics: hierarchical, reactive, and hybrid deliberative/reactive. Later chapters explore multiagent scenarios, navigation and path-planning for mobile robots, and the basics of computer vision and range sensing. Each chapter includes objectives, review questions, and exercises. Many chapters contain one or more case studies showing how the concepts were implemented on real robots. Murphy, who is well known for her classroom teaching, conveys the intellectual adventure of mastering complex theoretical and technical material. An Instructor's Manual including slides, solutions, sample tests, and programming assignments is available to qualified professors who are considering using the book or who are using the book for class use.

Mobile Robotics

Mobile Robotics

A Practical Introduction

  • Author: Ulrich Nehmzow
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781852337261
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 280
  • View: 1455
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Mobile Robotics: A Practical Introduction (2nd edition) is an excellent introduction to the foundations and methods used for designing completely autonomous mobile robots. A fascinating, cutting-edge, research topic, autonomous mobile robotics is now taught in more and more universities. In this book you are introduced to the fundamental concepts of this complex field via twelve detailed case studies that show how to build and program real working robots. Topics covered in clued learning, autonomous navigation in unmodified, noisy and unpredictable environments, and high fidelity robot simulation. This new edition has been updated to include a new chapter on novelty detection, and provides a very practical introduction to mobile robotics for a general scientific audience. It is essential reading for 2nd and 3rd year undergraduate students and postgraduate students studying robotics, artificial intelligence, cognitive science and robot engineering. The update and overview of core concepts in mobile robotics will assist and encourage practitioners of the field and set challenges to explore new avenues of research in this exiting field. The author is Senior Lecturer at the Department of Computer Science at the University of Essex. "A very fine overview over the relevant problems to be solved in the attempt to bring intelligence to a moving vehicle." Professor Dr. Ewald von Puttkamer, University of Kaiserslautern "Case studies show ways of achieving an impressive repertoire of kinds of learned behaviour, navigation and map-building. The book is an admirable introduction to this modern approach to mobile robotics and certainly gives a great deal of food for thought. This is an important and though-provoking book." Alex M. Andrew in Kybernetes Vol 29 No 4 and Robotica Vol 18

Cambrian Intelligence

Cambrian Intelligence

The Early History of the New AI

  • Author: Rodney Allen Brooks
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262522632
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 199
  • View: 6826
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Until the mid-1980s, AI researchers assumed that an intelligent system doing high-level reasoning was necessary for the coupling of perception and action. In this traditional model, cognition mediates between perception and plans of action. Realizing that this core AI, as it was known, was illusory, Rodney A. Brooks turned the field of AI on its head by introducing the behavior-based approach to robotics. The cornerstone of behavior-based robotics is the realization that the coupling of perception and action gives rise to all the power of intelligence and that cognition is only in the eye of an observer. Behavior-based robotics has been the basis of successful applications in entertainment, service industries, agriculture, mining, and the home. It has given rise to both autonomous mobile robots and more recent humanoid robots such as Brooks' Cog. This book represents Brooks' initial formulation of and contributions to the development of the behavior-based approach to robotics. It presents all of the key philosophical and technical ideas that put this "bottom-up" approach at the forefront of current research in not only AI but all of cognitive science.

Mobile Robotik

Mobile Robotik

Eine praktische Einführung

  • Author: Ulrich Nehmzow
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3642559425
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 264
  • View: 3265
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Using information and scale as central themes, this comprehensive survey explains how to handle real problems in astronomical data analysis through a modern arsenal of powerful techniques. The coverage includes chapters or appendices on: detection and filtering; image compression; multichannel, multiscale, and catalog data analytical methods; wavelets transforms, Picard iteration, and software tools.

Robot Shaping

Robot Shaping

An Experiment in Behavior Engineering

  • Author: Marco Dorigo,Marco Colombetti
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262041645
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 203
  • View: 5119
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foreword by Lashon Booker To program an autonomous robot to act reliably in a dynamic environment is a complex task. The dynamics of the environment are unpredictable, and the robots' sensors provide noisy input. A learning autonomous robot, one that can acquire knowledge through interaction with its environment and then adapt its behavior, greatly simplifies the designer's work. A learning robot need not be given all of the details of its environment, and its sensors and actuators need not be finely tuned. Robot Shaping is about designing and building learning autonomous robots. The term "shaping" comes from experimental psychology, where it describes the incremental training of animals. The authors propose a new engineering discipline, "behavior engineering," to provide the methodologies and tools for creating autonomous robots. Their techniques are based on classifier systems, a reinforcement learning architecture originated by John Holland, to which they have added several new ideas, such as "mutespec," classifier system "energy,"and dynamic population size. In the book they present Behavior Analysis and Training (BAT) as an example of a behavior engineering methodology.

Biologically Inspired Robot Behavior Engineering

Biologically Inspired Robot Behavior Engineering

  • Author: Richard J. Duro,Jose Santos,Manuel Grana
  • Publisher: Physica
  • ISBN: 3790817759
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 439
  • View: 8637
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The book presents an overview of current research on biologically inspired autonomous robotics from the perspective of some of the most relevant researchers in this area. The book crosses several boundaries in the field of robotics and the closely related field of artificial life. The key aim throughout the book is to obtain autonomy at different levels. From the basic motor behavior in some exotic robot architectures right through to the planning of complex behaviors or the evolution of robot control structures, the book explores different degrees and definitions of autonomous behavior. These behaviors are supported by a wide variety of modeling techniques: structural grammars, neural networks, and fuzzy logic and evolution underlies many of the development processes. Thus this text can be used by scientists and students interested in these areas and provides a general view of the field for a more general audience.