Search Results for "beyond-positivism"

Beyond Positivism

Beyond Positivism

Critical Reflections on International Relations

  • Author: Claire Turenne Sjolander,Wayne S. Cox
  • Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781555874834
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 203
  • View: 3772
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This work adopts the premise that the metatheoretical debates about positivists and post-positivists have reached an impasse; it suggests that an approach driven by theoretical reflexivity offers a basis on which alternative understandings of international relations can be developed.

Beyond Positivism

Beyond Positivism

  • Author: Bruce Caldwell
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134838638
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 304
  • View: 3328
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Since its publication in 1982, Beyond Positivism has become established as one of the definitive statements on economic methodology. The book’s rejection of positivism and its advocacy of pluralism were to have a profound influence in the flowering of work methodology that has taken place in economics in the decade since its publication. This edition contains a new preface outlining the major developments in the area since the book’s first appearance. The book provides the first comprehensive treatment of twentieth century philosophy of science which emphasizes the issues relevant to economics. It proceeds to demonstrate this relevance by reviewing some of the key debates in the area. Having concluded that positivism has to be rejected, the author examines possible alternative bases for economic methodology. Arguing that there is no best method, he advocates methodological pluralism.

Beyond Positivism And Relativism

Beyond Positivism And Relativism

Theory, Method, And Evidence

  • Author: Larry Laudan
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • ISBN: 9780813324692
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 1688
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With the decline of logical positivism after 1950, much work in the philosophy of science has careened toward an uncritical relativistic approach. Many scholars, faced with a choice between a narrowly restrictive positivism and an “anything goes” relativism, have sought to find a middle path in the debate.In this collection of papers, several of which appear here for the first time, Larry Laudan argues that resolving this dilemma involves not some centrist compromise position but rather a conception of scientific knowledge that goes beyond both positivism and relativism. This conception must begin with the rejection of assumptions about knowledge that these apparently opposed positions hold in common. Relativism, for Laudan, is a particularly self-defeating form of neopositivism.In showing the connections between these two approaches and clarifying the positions of such influential philosophers as Thomas Kuhn and Paul Feyerabend, Laudan does the great service of laying the foundation for an account of science that rejects the errors of positivism without providing aid and comfort to the enemies of reason. He also takes a fresh look at many other central issues of scientific philosophy, including the science/non-science demarcation, the underdetermination of theory by evidence, and the contested role of social factors in the legitimation of scientific knowledge. Beyond Positivism and Relativism is a major statement about the nature of science and evidence that will command the interest of philosophers of science, epistemologists, sociologists of knowledge, and all who are seriously concerned about science, scientific progress, and the implications for knowledge in many other fields.

Including a Symposium on Bruce Caldwell's Beyond Positivism after 35 Years

Including a Symposium on Bruce Caldwell's Beyond Positivism after 35 Years

  • Author: Luca Fiorito,Scott Scheall,Carlos Eduardo Suprinyak
  • Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
  • ISBN: 1787561259
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 208
  • View: 1096
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Volume 36A of Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology features a symposium on Bruce Caldwell’s Beyond Positivism after 35 years. The volume also features general-research essays from Luis Mireles-Flores and Alain Marciano. Luca Fiorito presents a new discovery from the archives.

International Theory

International Theory

Positivism and Beyond

  • Author: Steve Smith,Ken Booth,Marysia Zalewski
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521479486
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 362
  • View: 9800
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Key figures who have made leading contributions to the development of international theory provide a major survey of the state of the subject.

The Concept of Truth in International Relations Theory

The Concept of Truth in International Relations Theory

Critical Thought Beyond Post-Positivism

  • Author: Matthew Fluck
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137550333
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 247
  • View: 3983
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This book charts the role played by conceptions of truth in the development of a critical tradition of International Relations theory. Providing a detailed account of the conceptions which have shaped the work of Critical Theorists and Poststructuralists, the book reaffirms the importance of epistemic reflection for the discipline. It argues that the partially abstract character of the main strands of critical IR arises not from their concern with epistemic matters, but from their insistence that truth is purely intersubjective. Drawing on the philosophy of Theodor Adorno, the book argues that IR’s critical tradition can be rejuvenated by combining its original politicisation of truth with a critical account of its ‘objectivity’. The book will be a valuable resource for scholars and graduate students interested in the future of critical International Relations theory.

Crafting Qualitative Research

Crafting Qualitative Research

Beyond Positivist Traditions

  • Author: Pushkala Prasad
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317502914
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 378
  • View: 8932
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This book provides an overview of qualitative research models and their applications in organization and management studies. Focusing on the philosophical underpinnings and practical implications of diverse qualitative methods, this comprehensive text offers a guided tour of the options available to qualitative researchers, highlighting aspects of research design, execution, and analysis in each tradition. In clear, readable prose, the author offers insight into the ambiguities, tensions, and interconnections of diverse qualitative research traditions without resorting to oversimplification. The book’s four main sections include examples and applications specifically designed for the field of management. Each chapter is devoted to a specific methodology, describing techniques and applications as well as current controversies and emerging issues. Summary boxes and practical examples will help the reader to navigate this terrain and generate research that is both relevant and of high scholarly quality. With its detailed and easy-to-understand coverage, this will be the text of choice for students working with qualitative methods in organization studies, consumer research, public administration, information systems, and media and communication studies. Instructors teaching qualitative approaches in a research methods course and researchers wanting to acquaint themselves with non-positivist traditions will also find this a useful resource.

From Positivism to Interpretivism and Beyond

From Positivism to Interpretivism and Beyond

Tales of Transformation in Educational and Social Research (the Mind-body Connection)

  • Author: Lous Heshusius,Keith Ballard
  • Publisher: Teachers College Press
  • ISBN: 9780807735343
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 197
  • View: 2439
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The editors and their contributors tell of personal doubts, fears, opposition, courage, frustrations, and insights; of political, ego, moral, and intellectual pressures. Contributors: James P. Anglin, , Curt Dudley-Marling, Deborah Gallagher, Egon G. Guba, Neita Kay Israelite, Mary Simpson Poplin, William C. Rhodes, Thomas A. Schwandt, and John K. Smith

From Positivism to Idealism

From Positivism to Idealism

A Study of the Moral Dimensions of Legality

  • Author: Sean Coyle
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351157949
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 198
  • View: 3234
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Illuminating the idea of legality by a consideration of its moral nature, this book explores the emergence and development of two rival traditions of legal thought (those of 'positivism' and 'idealism') which together define the structure of modern juridical thought. In doing so, it consciously departs from many of the tendencies and working assumptions that define modern legal philosophy. The book examines the shifts in thinking about the rule of law and the wider significance of law, brought about by changing conceptions of the nature of law: from an understanding of law in which the primary focus is on rights, to an articulation of the legal order as a body of deliberately posited rules, and finally to the present understanding of law as a systematic body of rules and principles underpinned by an abiding concern with individual rights. By exposing the historical and metaphysical underpinnings of these theoretical traditions, the book imparts an idea of their limitations and moves beyond the understandings offered within them of the nature of legality.

Advancing Comparative Media and Communication Research

Advancing Comparative Media and Communication Research

  • Author: Joseph M Chan
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1351715895
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4429
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A comparative approach to media and communication research plays an important, if not indispensable, role in achieving a core mission of researchers: to delimit the generality and specificity of media and communication theories, enabling researchers to more readily identify the influence of social, political and cultural contexts in shaping media and communication phenomena. To de-Westernize and internationalize media and communication studies has thus become the way forward for overcoming the parochialism of mainstream media and communication studies. This volume reflects on what comparative media and communication research has achieved or failed to achieve, the epistemological and theoretical challenges it is facing, and the new directions in which it should be heading.

From Positivism to Interpretivism and Beyond

From Positivism to Interpretivism and Beyond

Tales of Transformation in Educational and Social Research (the Mind-body Connection)

  • Author: Lous Heshusius,Keith Ballard
  • Publisher: Teachers College Press
  • ISBN: 9780807735343
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 197
  • View: 9226
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The editors and their contributors tell of personal doubts, fears, opposition, courage, frustrations, and insights; of political, ego, moral, and intellectual pressures. Contributors: James P. Anglin, , Curt Dudley-Marling, Deborah Gallagher, Egon G. Guba, Neita Kay Israelite, Mary Simpson Poplin, William C. Rhodes, Thomas A. Schwandt, and John K. Smith

Science and Relativism

Science and Relativism

Some Key Controversies in the Philosophy of Science

  • Author: Larry Laudan
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022621933X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 194
  • View: 3972
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In recent years, many members of the intellectual community have embraced a radical relativism regarding knowledge in general and scientific knowledge in particular, holding that Kuhn, Quine, and Feyerabend have knocked the traditional picture of scientific knowledge into a cocked hat. Is philosophy of science, or mistaken impressions of it, responsible for the rise of relativism? In this book, Laudan offers a trenchant, wide-ranging critique of cognitive relativism and a thorough introduction to major issues in the philosophy of knowledge.

The Invisible Origins of Legal Positivism

The Invisible Origins of Legal Positivism

A Re-Reading of a Tradition

  • Author: W.E. Conklin
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402002823
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 350
  • View: 1545
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Conklin's thesis is that the tradition of modern legal positivism, beginning with Thomas Hobbes, postulated different senses of the invisible as the authorising origin of humanly posited laws. Conklin re-reads the tradition by privileging how the canons share a particular understanding of legal language as written. Leading philosophers who have espoused the tenets of the tradition have assumed that legal language is written and that the authorising origin of humanly posited rules/norms is inaccessible to the written legal language. Conklin's re-reading of the tradition teases out how each of these leading philosophers has postulated that the authorising origin of humanly posited laws is an unanalysable externality to the written language of the legal structure. As such, the authorising origin of posited rules/norms is inaccessible or invisible to their written language. What is this authorising origin? Different forms include an originary author, an a priori concept, and an immediacy of bonding between person and laws. In each case the origin is unwritten in the sense of being inaccessible to the authoritative texts written by the officials of civil institutions of the sovereign state. Conklin sets his thesis in the context of the legal theory of the polis and the pre-polis of Greek tribes. The author claims that the problem is that the tradition of legal positivism of a modern sovereign state excises the experiential, or bodily, meanings from the written language of the posited rules/norms, thereby forgetting the very pre-legal authorising origin of the posited norms that each philosopher admits as offering the finality that legal reasoning demands if it is to be authoritative.

An Institutional Theory of Law

An Institutional Theory of Law

New Approaches to Legal Positivism

  • Author: N. MacCormick,Ota Weinberger
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789027720795
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 229
  • View: 6685
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International Legal Positivism in a Post-Modern World

International Legal Positivism in a Post-Modern World

  • Author: Jörg Kammerhofer,Jean D'Aspremont
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316062384
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4705
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International Legal Positivism in a Post-Modern World provides fresh perspectives on one of the most important and most controversial families of theoretical approaches to the study and practice of international law. The contributors include leading experts on international legal theory who analyse and criticise positivism as a conceptual framework for international law, explore its relationships with other approaches and apply it to current problems of international law. Is legal positivism relevant to the theory and practice of international law today? Have other answers to the problems of international law and the critique of positivism undermined the positivist project and its narratives? Do modern forms of positivism, inspired largely by the theoretically sophisticated jurisprudential concepts associated with Hans Kelsen and H. L. A. Hart, remain of any relevance for the international lawyer in this 'post-modern' age? The authors provide a wide variety of views and a stimulating debate about this family of approaches.

Positivism and Imagination

Positivism and Imagination

Scientism and Its Limits in Emile Hennequin, Wilhelm Scherer, and Dmitrii Pisarev

  • Author: Catherine LeGouis
  • Publisher: Bucknell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780838753231
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 269
  • View: 4731
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"In this book, Catherine LeGouis examines the work of three nineteenth-century positivist critics, each of whom struggled to overcome the contradictions of attempting to separate esthetic, psychological, and sociological concerns from individual subjectivity." "These positivists - staunch believers in the authority of scientific reason inspired by Auguste Comte, J. S. Mill, and Hippolyte Taine - attempted to turn literary criticism into an exact science that would observe and explain not only the social context of literature, but also its esthetics, without recourse to subjectivity based on individual reactions." "The writings of Emile Hennequin, a French journalist, editor, and literary critic of the 1880s, exemplify the tensions between the positivists' drive to systematic literary criticism and the unfettered imagination inherent in literature." "Dmitrii Pisarev, a firebrand Russian literary critic of the 1860s and a younger colleague of the great Russian radicals Nikolai Chernyshevsky and Nikolai Dobroliubov, combines rigid positivism and a rejection of esthetics with great critical sensitivity and spectacular displays of imaginative literary skill." "From the mid-1860s to the mid-1880s, German philologist and critic Wilhelm Scherer, more doctrinaire than Hennequin or Pisarev, links linguistic development and national character." "The positivists proposed theoretical frameworks so rigid that they were impossibly impractical, which guaranteed that only with infusions of imagination could their systems attain any credibility. Their fascination with the impossibility of impersonal, absolute literary judgements paradoxically became their first surrender to subjective taste, for choosing a system, even one based on objectivity, is an exercise in subjectivity. Entranced by their self-defeating objective, the positivists failed to appreciate that subjectivity and imagination are not illusions to be expunged, but a valuable - and fundamental - part of reality."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Moralising Space

Moralising Space

The Utopian Urbanism of the British Positivists, 1855-1920

  • Author: Matthew Wilson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315449102
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 228
  • View: 1043
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Amidst the soot, stink and splendour of Victorian London, a coterie of citizen-sociologists set out to break up the British Empire. They were the followers of the French philosopher Auguste Comte, a controversial figure who introduced the modern science of sociology and the republican Religion of Humanity. Moralising Space examines how from the 1850s Comte’s British followers practised this science and religion with the aim to create a global network of 500 utopian city-states. Curiously the British Positivists’ work has never been the focus of a full-length study on modern sociology and town planning. In this intellectual history, Matthew Wilson shows that through to the interwar period affiliates to the British Positivist Society – Richard Congreve, Frederic Harrison, Charles Booth, Patrick Geddes and Victor Branford – attempted to realise Comte’s vision. With scarcely used source material Wilson presents the Positivists as an organised resistance to imperialism, industrial exploitation, poverty and despondency. Much to the consternation of the church, state and landed aristocracy they organised urban interventions, led ad hoc sociological surveys and published programmes for realising idyllic city-communities. Effectively this book contributes to our understanding of how Positivism, as a utopian spatial design praxis, heavily influenced twentieth-century architecture and planning.

Judging Positivism

Judging Positivism

  • Author: Margaret Martin
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1782251782
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 198
  • View: 6424
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Judging Positivism is a critical exploration of the method and substance of legal positivism. Margaret Martin is primarily concerned with the manner in which theorists who adopt the dominant positivist paradigm ask a limited set of questions and offer an equally limited set of answers, artificially circumscribing the field of legal philosophy in the process. The book focuses primarily but not exclusively on the writings of prominent legal positivist, Joseph Raz. Martin argues that Raz's theory has changed over time and that these changes have led to deep inconsistencies and incoherencies in his account. One re-occurring theme in the book is that Razian positivism collapses from within. In the process of defending his own position, Raz is led to support the views of many of his main rivals, namely, Ronald Dworkin, the legal realists and the normative positivists. The internal collapse of Razian positivism proves to be instructive. Promising paths of inquiry come into view and questions that have been suppressed or marginalised by positivists re-emerge ready for curious minds to reflect on anew. The broader vision of jurisprudential inquiry defended in this book re-connects philosophy with the work of practitioners and the worries of law's subjects, bringing into focus the relevance of legal philosophy for lawyers and laymen alike.

Antipositivist Theories of the Sciences

Antipositivist Theories of the Sciences

Critical Rationalism, Critical Theory and Scientific Realism

  • Author: N. Stockman
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401576785
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 284
  • View: 1708
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The sciences are too important to be left exclusively to scientists, and indeed they have not been. The structure of scientific knowledge, the role of the sciences in society, the appropriate social contexts for the pursuit of scientific inquiry, have long been matters for reflection and debate about the sciences carried on both within academe and outside it. Even within the universities this reflection has not been the property of any single discipline. Philosophy might have been first in the field, but history and the social sciences have also entered the fray. For the latter, new problems came to the fore, since reflection on the sciences is, in the case of the social sciences, necessarily also reflection on themselves as sciences. Reflection on the natural sciences and self-reflection by the social sciences came to be dominated in the 1960s by the term 'positivism'. At the time when this word had been invented, the sciences were flourishing; their social and material environment had become increasingly favourable to scientific progress, and the sciences were pointing the way to an optimistic future. In the later twentieth century, however, 'positivism' came to be a word used more frequently by those less sure of nineteenth century certainties. In both sociology and philosophy, 'positivism' was now something to be rejected, and, symbolizing the collapse of an earlier consensus, it became itself the shibboleth of a new dissensus, as different groups of reflective thinkers, in rejecting 'positivism', rejected something different, and often rejected each other.

Critical Realism for Welfare Professions

Critical Realism for Welfare Professions

  • Author: Monica Kjørstad,May-Britt Solem
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315517515
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 158
  • View: 5659
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As a discipline, social work needs an inclusive metatheory for both research and practice that goes beyond positivism and constructivism. This is the first book to present and discuss how critical realism can contribute to a more useful and realistic approach to both research and practice in social work. As a theory of science that includes normative theories and emphasises method-pluralism and holistic thinking, critical realism is applicable to a world of poverty, global health problems and social conflicts. Contributors to this book present a realist perspective on social work. The connection between critical realism and social work is illuminated through a theoretical introduction in Part 1. Part 2 covers the specific topics of normativity, interdisciplinarity and education. Part 3 presents practical/empirical examples from contemporary research in social work, using different approaches based on critical realism. As critical realism can contribute to a useful and realistic approach to research and practice, this book is essential reading for professionals, academics and students working in different fields of social work and health care.