Search Results for "bourdieu-in-international-relations"

Bourdieu in International Relations

Bourdieu in International Relations

Rethinking Key Concepts in IR

  • Author: Rebecca Adler-Nissen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415528526
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 8341
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This book rethinks the key concepts of International Relations by drawing on the work of Pierre Bourdieu. The last few years have seen a genuine wave of publications promoting sociology in international relations. Scholars have suggested that Bourdieu's vocabulary can be applied to study security, diplomacy, migration and global environmental politics. Yet we still lack a systematic and accessible analysis of what Bourdieu-inspired IR might look like. This book provides the answer. It offers an introduction to Bourdieu's thinking to a wider IR audience, challenges key assumptions, which currently structure IR scholarship – and provides an original, theoretical restatement of some of the core concepts in the field. The book brings together a select group of leading IR scholars who draw on both theoretical and empirical insights from Bourdieu. Each chapter covers one central concept in IR: Methodology, Knowledge, Power, Strategy, Security, Culture, Gender, Norms, Sovereignty and Integration. The chapters demonstrate how these concepts can be reinterpreted and used in new ways when exposed to Bourdieusian logic. Challenging key pillars of IR scholarship, Bourdieu in International Relations will be of interest to critical theorists, and scholars of IR theory.

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

  • Author: Frank Sauer,Carlo Masala
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3531199188
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 1172
  • View: 4922
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Das Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen ist die zweite, vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage des Handbuchs der Internationalen Politik. Das neue Handbuch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über den state of the art der politikwissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin Internationale Beziehungen in deutscher Sprache. Es präsentiert theoretische und methodische Grundlagen der Forschung in den Internationalen Beziehungen und stellt die wesentlichen Akteure und Problemfelder der internationalen Politik vor. Das Nachschlagewerk richtet sich sowohl an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler als auch an Studierende und die interessierte Öffentlichkeit.

Menschenrechte in der Weltgesellschaft

Menschenrechte in der Weltgesellschaft

Deutungswandel und Wirkungsweise eines globalen Leitwerts

  • Author: Bettina Heintz,Britta Leisering
  • Publisher: Campus Verlag
  • ISBN: 3593504812
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 398
  • View: 8698
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Armut, Entwicklung, Terrorismus und Behinderung - alles wird in einen menschenrechtlichen Bezugsrahmen gestellt. Seit wann sind Menschenrechte zu einem globalen Leitwert avanciert und weshalb? Der erste soziologische Band zu Menschenrechten im deutschsprachigen Raum geht dieser Frage aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven nach: Er vermittelt einerseits einen Überblick über wichtige theoretische Ansätze wie dem Neo-Institutionalismus, der Systemtheorie und Hans Joas' Genealogie der Menschenrechte. Anderseits versammelt er empirische Fallstudien etwa zu Indigenenrechten, der Entstehung der Allgemeinen Erklärung der Menschenrechte, zu den Arbeitsrechten der ILO und den Rechtsverletzungen in "extraterritorialen Räumen " am Beispiel der Hohen See. Die Reihe "Studien zur Weltgesellschaft" bietet ein Forum für die im deutschen Sprachraum bisher verstreut veröffentlichten Beiträge zur soziologischen Globalisierungs- und Weltgesellschaftsforschung. Sie knüpft an etablierte Programme an, wie die neo-institutionalistische World-Polity-Forschung und die systemtheoretische Soziologie der Weltgesellschaft, und zielt zugleich auf die kritische Auseinandersetzung mit allen sozialund geschichtswissenschaftlichen Forschungsprogrammen, die theoriebewusst globale Strukturen und Dynamiken analysieren. Studien zu globalen Institutionen und Diffusionsprozessen finden daher ebenso Eingang wie Untersuchungen zu transnationalen Bewegungen und Netzwerken sowie historische Fallstudien zu Kolonialismus, Imperialismus und der Entstehung moderner Nationalstaaten.

International Practice Theory

International Practice Theory

  • Author: Christian Bueger,Frank Gadinger
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319733508
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 214
  • View: 8613
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International Practice Theory is the definitive introduction to the practice turn in world politics, providing an accessible, up-to-date guide to the approaches, concepts, methodologies and methods of the subject. Situating the study of practices in contemporary theory and reviewing approaches ranging from Bourdieu’s praxeology and communities of practice to actor-network theory and pragmatic sociology, it documents how they can be used to study international practices empirically. The book features a discussion of how scholars can navigate ontological challenges such as order and change, micro and macro, bodies and objects, and power and critique. Interpreting practice theory as a methodological orientation, it also provides an essential guide for the design, execution and drafting of a praxiographic study.

The International Political Sociology of Security

The International Political Sociology of Security

Rethinking Theory and Practice

  • Author: Trine Villumsen Berling
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317524802
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 184
  • View: 3473
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This book builds a theoretical approach to the intractable problem of theory/practice in international relations (IR) and develops tools to study how theory and practice ‘hang together’ in international security. Drawing on Pierre Bourdieu’s political sociology, the book argues that theory and practice take part in struggles over basic understandings (doxa) in international fields through what the book calls doxic battles. In these battles e.g. scientific facts, military hardware and social networks are mobilised as weapons in a fight for recognition. NATO’s transformation and fight for survival and the rapidly growing number of think tanks in European security in the 1990s is taken as an example of these processes. The book studies a variety of sources such as funding to science programmes in Europe; think tanks and research centres in European security; NATO’s relations with the EU, the WEU and the OSCE; and the mobilization of theory at crucial points in the transformation process. Theory as Practice and Capital will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, security studies and critical theory.

Making Sense, Making Worlds

Making Sense, Making Worlds

Constructivism in Social Theory and International Relations

  • Author: Nicholas Onuf
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136219463
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 9440
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Nicholas Onuf is a leading scholar in international relations and introduced constructivism to international relations, coining the term constructivism in his book World of Our Making (1989). He was featured as one of twelve scholars featured in Iver B. Neumann and Ole Wæver, eds., The Future of International Relations: Masters in the Making? (1996); and featured in Martin Griffiths, Steven C. Roach and M. Scott Solomon, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, 2nd ed. (2009). This powerful collection of essays clarifies Onuf’s approach to international relations and makes a decisive contribution to the debates in IR concerning theory. It embeds the theoretical project in the wider horizon of how we understand ourselves and the world. Onuf updates earlier themes and his general constructivist approach, and develops some newer lines of research, such as the work on metaphors and the re-grounding in much more Aristotle than before. A complement to the author’s groundbreaking book of 1989, World of Our Making, this tightly argued book draws extensively from philosophy and social theory to advance constructivism in International Relations. Making Sense, Making Worlds will be vital reading for students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, social theory and law.

Cultural Relativism and International Politics

Cultural Relativism and International Politics

  • Author: Derek Robbins
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1473910951
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 128
  • View: 9640
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"The political and academic worlds are fractured by two competing discourses: the universalism of human rights and cultural relativism. This fracture is represented by the deep separation of cultural analysis and theories of international politics. Derek Robbins in a brilliant interrogation of European thinkers from Montesquieu to Pierre Bourdieu seeks to replace cultural relativism with cultural relationism as a step towards reconciling Enlightenment universalism and anthropological insistence on cultural difference. Inter alia he reflects on the tensions between political and social science and takes up the challenge from Raymond Aron to construct a sociology of international relations. A dazzling achievement." - Bryan S. Turner, The Graduate Center, CUNY Through historical studies of some of the work of Montesquieu, Comte, Durkheim, Boas, Morgenthau, Aron and Bourdieu, Derek Robbins examines the changing and competing conceptualisations of the political and the social in the Western European intellectual tradition. He suggests that we are now experiencing a new ‘dissociation of sensibility’ in which political thought and its consequences in action have become divorced from social and cultural experience. Developing further the ideas of Bourdieu which he has presented in books and articles over the last twenty years, Robbins argues that we need to integrate the recognition of cultural difference with the practice of international politics by accepting that the ‘field’ of international political discourse is a social construct which is contingent on encounters between diverse cultures. ‘Everything is relative’ (Comte) and ‘everything is social’ (Bourdieu), not least international politics.

Practice Theory and International Relations

Practice Theory and International Relations

  • Author: Silviya Lechner,Mervyn Frost
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108471102
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 275
  • View: 7331
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Advances our understanding of global and international relations through a ground-breaking philosophical analysis of social practices indebted to Oakeshott, Wittgenstein and Hegel.

Culture and Security

Culture and Security

Symbolic Power and the Politics of International Security

  • Author: Michael Williams
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134315538
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 184
  • View: 9545
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This book examines the role of culture in contemporary security policies, providing a critical overview of the ways in which culture has been theorized in security studies. Developing a theoretical framework that stresses the relationship between culture, power, security and strategy, the volume argues that cultural practices have been central to transformations in European and US security policy in the wake of the Cold War – including the evolution of NATO and the expansion of the EU. Michael C. Williams maintains that cultural practices continue to play powerful roles in international politics today, where they are essential to grasping the ascendance of neoconservatism in US foreign policy. Investigating the rise in popularity of culture and constructivism in security studies in relation to the structure and exercise of power in post-Cold War security relations, the book contends that this poses significant challenges for considering the connection between analytic and political practices, and the relationship between scholarship and power in the construction of security relations. Culture and Security will be of interest to students and researchers in the fields of international relations, security studies and European politics.

International Security in Practice

International Security in Practice

The Politics of NATO-Russia Diplomacy

  • Author: Vincent Pouliot
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139484419
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6287
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How do once bitter enemies move beyond entrenched rivalry at the diplomatic level? In one of the first attempts to apply practice theory to the study of International Relations, Vincent Pouliot builds on Pierre Bourdieu's sociology to devise a theory of practice of security communities and applies it to post-Cold War security relations between NATO and Russia. Based on dozens of interviews and a thorough analysis of recent history, Pouliot demonstrates that diplomacy has become a normal, though not a self-evident, practice between the two former enemies. He argues that this limited pacification is due to the intense symbolic power struggles that have plagued the relationship ever since NATO began its process of enlargement at the geographical and functional levels. So long as Russia and NATO do not cast each other in the roles that they actually play together, security community development is bound to remain limited.

The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations

The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations

Philosophy of Science and Its Implications for the Study of World Politics

  • Author: Patrick Thaddeus Jackson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136912029
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 377
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This volume ws the winner of The International Studies Association Theory Section Book Award 2013, presented by the International Studies Association and The Yale H. Ferguson Award 2012, presented by International Studies Association-Northeast. There are many different scientifically valid ways to produce knowledge. The field of International Relations should pay closer attention to these methodological differences, and to their implications for concrete research on world politics. The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations provides an introduction to the philosophy of science issues and their implications for the study of global politics. The author draws attention to the problems caused by the misleading notion of a single unified scientific method, and proposes a framework that clarifies the variety of ways that IR scholars establish the authority and validity of their empirical claims. Jackson connects philosophical considerations with concrete issues of research design within neopositivist, critical realist, analyticist, and reflexive approaches to the study of world politics. Envisioning a pluralist science for a global IR field, this volume organizes the significant differences between methodological stances so as to promote internal consistency, public discussion, and worldly insight as the hallmarks of any scientific study of world politics. This important volume will be essential reading for all students and scholars of International Relations, Political Science and Philosophy of Science.

Critical Theorists and International Relations

Critical Theorists and International Relations

  • Author: Jenny Edkins,Nick Vaughan-Williams
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134025807
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 424
  • View: 7605
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A wide range of critical theorists is used in the study of international politics, and until now there has been no text that gives concise and accessible introductions to these figures. Critical Theorists and International Relations provides a wide-ranging introduction to thirty-two important theorists whose work has been influential in thinking about global politics. Each chapter is written by an expert with a detailed knowledge of the theorist concerned, representing a range of approaches under the rubric ‘critical’, including Marxism and post-Marxism, the Frankfurt School, hermeneutics, phenomenology, postcolonialism, feminism, queer theory, poststructuralism, pragmatism, scientific realism, deconstruction and psychoanalysis. Key features of each chapter include: a clear and concise biography of the relevant thinker an introduction to their key writings and ideas a summary of the ways in which these ideas have influenced and are being used in international relations scholarship a list of suggestions for further reading Written in engaging and accessible prose, Critical Theorists and International Relations is a unique and invaluable resource for undergraduates, postgraduates and scholars of international relations.

Symbolic Power in the World Trade Organization

Symbolic Power in the World Trade Organization

  • Author: Matthew Eagleton-Pierce
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199662649
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 260
  • View: 8453
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Questions of power are central to understanding global trade politics and no account of the World Trade Organization (WTO) can afford to avoid at least an acknowledgment of the concept. A closer examination of power can help us to explain why the structures and rules of international commerce take their existing forms, how the actions of countries are either enabled or disabled, and what distributional outcomes are achieved. However, within conventional accounts, there has been a tendency to either view power according to a single reading - namely the direct, coercive sense - or to overlook the concept entirely, focusing instead on liberal cooperation and legalization. In this book, Matthew Eagleton-Pierce shows that each of these approaches betray certain limitations which, in turn, have cut short, or worked against, more critical appraisals of power in transnational capitalism. To expand the intellectual space, the book investigates the complex relationship between power and legitimation by drawing upon Pierre Bourdieu's notion of symbolic power. A focus on symbolic power aims to alert scholars to how the construction of certain knowledge claims are fundamental to, and entwined within, the material struggle for international trade. Empirically, the argument uncovers and plots the recent strategies adopted by Southern countries in their pursuit of a more equitable trading order. By bringing together insights from political economy, sociology, and law, Symbolic Power in the WTO not only enlivens and enriches the study of diplomatic practice within a major multilateral institution, it also advances the broader understanding of power in world politics.

Internationale Beziehungen als Wissenschaft

Internationale Beziehungen als Wissenschaft

  • Author: Ekkehart Krippendorff
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: International relations
  • Page: 168
  • View: 894
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Qualitative Methods in International Relations

Qualitative Methods in International Relations

A Pluralist Guide

  • Author: A. Klotz,D. Prakash
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230584128
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 260
  • View: 8892
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We still lack practical answers to one of the most basic questions in empirical research:How should researchers interpret meanings? The contributors take seriously the goals of both post-modernist and positivist researchers, as they offer detailed guidance on how to apply specific tools of analysis and how to circumvent their inherent limitations.

International Relations in France

International Relations in France

Writing between Discipline and State

  • Author: Henrik Breitenbauch
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135044295
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 234
  • View: 7303
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Why is the French International Relations (IR) discipline different from the transnational-American discipline? By analysing argument structures in research articles across time, this book shows how the discipline in France is caught between the American character of the discipline and the French state as regulator of legitimate forms of expression. Concretely, French research arguments are less explicit about what their propositions are and what academic discussions they draw on and add to than their transnational-American counterparts. Based on a comparative case study of French and American IR research from 1950 to 2011, the book is a major contribution to the meta-IR literature on global, regional and national traditions of IR. The challenge to the French discipline of whether and how to position itself in relation to the evolving American discipline is in many ways exemplary for other non-American national IR disciplines, and the choices as well as the structural conditions underlying the French case are relevant to all non-Western disciplines. The comparative analysis moreover reveals that the modern American discipline -- what is considered as recognisable social science -- takes shape only during the 1970s. The book thus offers new knowledge about the discipline's international development as such. Both case and methodology are interesting to larger audiences outside IR, in the history and sociology of social science, contrastive rhetoric, as well as French and cultural studies.

The Invention of International Relations Theory

The Invention of International Relations Theory

Realism, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the 1954 Conference on Theory

  • Author: Nicolas Guilhot
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 023152644X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 368
  • View: 3886
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The 1954 Conference on Theory, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, featured a who's who of scholars and practitioners debating the foundations of international relations theory. Assembling his own team of experts, all of whom have struggled with this legacy, Nicolas Guilhot revisits a seminal event and its odd rejection of scientific rationalism. Far from being a spontaneous development, these essays argue, the emergence of a "realist" approach to international politics, later codified at the conference, was deliberately triggered by the Rockefeller Foundation. The organization was an early advocate of scholars who opposed the idea of a "science" of politics, pursuing, for the sake of disciplinary autonomy, a vision of politics as a prerational and existential dimension that could not be "solved" by scientific means. As a result, this nascent theory was more a rejection of behavioral social science than the birth of one of its specialized branches. The archived conversations reproduced here, along with unpublished papers by Hans Morgenthau, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Nitze, speak to this defensive stance. International relations theory is critically linked to the context of postwar liberalism, and the contributors explore how these origins have played out in political thought and American foreign policy.

Historia de las relaciones internacionales

Historia de las relaciones internacionales

  • Author: Pierre Renouvin
  • Publisher: Ediciones AKAL
  • ISBN: 9788476005972
  • Category: History
  • Page: 1324
  • View: 4545
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Del despertar de la Europa de las nacionalidades a la situación mundial en 1945, la obra de Renouvin constituye el más amplio y ambicioso despliegue en el logrado intento de escribir una historia política y diplomática de las relaciones -y tensiones- internacionales en los dos últimos siglos.

Bourdieu and the Sociology of Translation and Interpreting

Bourdieu and the Sociology of Translation and Interpreting

  • Author: Moira Inghilleri
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317620747
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 186
  • View: 2078
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Bourdieu's key concepts of habitus, field and capital have been adopted or adapted to elaborate the social and cultural nature of translation or interpreting activity, to locate this activity within social structures and social institutions, and to analyse the cultural, historical and political specificity of translation and interpreting practices. This special issue of The Translator explores the emergence and subsequent development of Bourdieu?s work within translation and interpreting studies. Contributors to this volume offer their critical assessment of the force of Bourdieu?s arguments in clarifying, strengthening or challenging existing analyses of the role of the social in translation and interpreting studies. The topics include a consideration of the role of habitus and symbolic/linguistic capital in translation and interpreting within the legal field; a critical evaluation of how educational sign language interpreters serve to reinforce the continuation of exclusionary practices toward deaf pupils within mainstream schooling; a critique of the dominant historiography of the early translations of Shakespeare?s drama in Egypt; an exploration of Bourdieu?s concepts of habitus, capital and illusio in relation to the formation of the literary field in France and America in the 19th and 20th century; a re-evaluation of the potential for a theoretical alliance between Latour? s actor-network theory and Bourdieu?s reflexive sociology; and a discussion of the ethnographic epistemological foundations of Bourdieu?s work with reference to political asylum procedures in Belgium. From varying perspectives, the papers in this volume demonstrate the contribution of Bourdieu?s work toward the continued elaboration of sociological perspectives within translation and interpreting studies.