Search Results for "change-choice-and-inference-a-study-of-belief-revision-and-nonmonotonic-reasoning-oxford-logic-guides"

Change, Choice and Inference

Change, Choice and Inference

A Study of Belief Revision and Nonmonotonic Reasoning

  • Author: Hans Rott
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198503064
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 381
  • View: 9066
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Change, Choice and Inference unifies lively and significant strands of research in logic, philosophy, economics and artificial intelligence.

Conditionals, Information, and Inference

Conditionals, Information, and Inference

International Workshop, WCII 2002, Hagen, Germany, May 13-15, 2002, Revised Selected Papers

  • Author: Gabriele Kern-Isberner,Wilhelm Rödder,Friedhelm Kulmann
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3540322353
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 219
  • View: 3403
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Conditionals are fascinating and versatile objects of knowledge representation. On the one hand, they may express rules in a very general sense, representing, for example, plausible relationships, physical laws, and social norms. On the other hand, as default rules or general implications, they constitute a basic tool for reasoning, even in the presence of uncertainty. In this sense, conditionals are intimately connected both to information and inference. Due to their non-Boolean nature, however, conditionals are not easily dealt with. They are not simply true or false — rather, a conditional “if A then B” provides a context, A, for B to be plausible (or true) and must not be confused with “A entails B” or with the material implication “not A or B.” This ill- trates how conditionals represent information, understood in its strict sense as reduction of uncertainty. To learn that, in the context A, the proposition B is plausible, may reduce uncertainty about B and hence is information. The ab- ity to predict such conditioned propositions is knowledge and as such (earlier) acquired information. The ?rst work on conditional objects dates back to Boole in the 19th c- tury, and the interest in conditionals was revived in the second half of the 20th century, when the emerging Arti?cial Intelligence made claims for appropriate formaltoolstohandle“generalizedrules.”Sincethen,conditionalshavebeenthe topic of countless publications, each emphasizing their relevance for knowledge representation, plausible reasoning, nonmonotonic inference, and belief revision.

Readings in Formal Epistemology

Readings in Formal Epistemology

Sourcebook

  • Author: Horacio Arló-Costa,Vincent F. Hendricks,Johan van Benthem
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319204513
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 937
  • View: 6963
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This volume presents 38 classic texts in formal epistemology, and strengthens the ties between research into this area of philosophy and its neighbouring intellectual disciplines. The editors provide introductions to five subsections: Bayesian Epistemology, Belief Change, Decision Theory, Interactive Epistemology and Epistemic Logic. 'Formal epistemology' is a term coined in the late 1990s for a new constellation of interests in philosophy, the origins of which are found in earlier works of epistemologists, philosophers of science and logicians. It addresses a growing agenda of problems concerning knowledge, belief, certainty, rationality, deliberation, decision, strategy, action and agent interaction – and it does so using methods from logic, probability, computability, decision and game theory. The volume also includes a thorough index and suggestions for further reading, and thus offers a complete teaching and research package for students as well as research scholars of formal epistemology, philosophy, logic, computer science, theoretical economics and cognitive psychology.

Belief Change

Belief Change

Introduction and Overview

  • Author: Eduardo Fermé,Sven Ove Hansson
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319605356
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 125
  • View: 784
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This book explains how the logic of theory change employs formal models in the investigation of changes in belief states and databases. The topics covered include equivalent characterizations of AGM operations, extended representations of the belief states, change operators not included in the original framework, iterated change, applications of the model, its connections with other formal frameworks, and criticism of the model.

Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5739
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Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference

Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference

The Turn Towards the Practical

  • Author: R.H. Johnson,H.J. Ohlbach,Dov M. Gabbay,John Woods
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080532912
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 508
  • View: 8106
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The Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference is an authoritative reference work in a single volume, designed for the attention of senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in all the leading research areas concerned with the logic of practical argument and inference. After an introductory chapter, the role of standard logics is surveyed in two chapters. These chapters can serve as a mini-course for interested readers, in deductive and inductive logic, or as a refresher. Then follow two chapters of criticism; one the internal critique and the other the empirical critique. The first deals with objections to standard logics (as theories of argument and inference) arising from the research programme in philosophical logic. The second canvasses criticisms arising from work in cognitive and experimental psychology. The next five chapters deal with developments in dialogue logic, interrogative logic, informal logic, probability logic and artificial intelligence. The last chapter surveys formal approaches to practical reasoning and anticipates possible future developments. Taken as a whole the Handbook is a single-volume indication of the present state of the logic of argument and inference at its conceptual and theoretical best. Future editions will periodically incorporate significant new developments.

For the Sake of the Argument

For the Sake of the Argument

Ramsey Test Conditionals, Inductive Inference and Nonmonotonic Reasoning

  • Author: Isaac Levi
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521497138
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 341
  • View: 9999
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This book offers an account of suppositional reasoning relevant to practical deliberation, explanation, prediction and hypothesis testing. In arguing that supposition plays a far greater role in deliberation and decision than it is given credit for, this major study will be required reading for all philosophers and logicians concerned with conditionals, decision theory and inductive inference. It will also interest those in artificial intelligence who work on expert systems, default reasoning, and nonmonotonic reasoning.

Change in View

Change in View

Principles of Reasoning

  • Author: Gilbert Harman
  • Publisher: Bradford Books
  • ISBN: 9780262580915
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 162
  • View: 2591
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Change in View offers an entirely original approach to the philosophical study of reasoning by identifying principles of reasoning with principles for revising one's beliefs and intentions and not with principles of logic. This crucial observation leads to a number of important and interesting consequences that impinge on psychology and artificial intelligence as well as on various branches of philosophy, from epistemology to ethics and action theory.

Subject Guide to Books in Print

Subject Guide to Books in Print

An Index to the Publishers' Trade List Annual

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: American literature
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1981
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Interpolation and Definability

Interpolation and Definability

Modal and Intuitionistic Logics

  • Author: Dov M. Gabbay,Larisa Maksimova
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0198511744
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 508
  • View: 510
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This book is a specialized monograph on interpolation and definability, a notion central in pure logic and with significant meaning and applicability in all areas where logic is applied, especially computer science, artificial intelligence, logic programming, philosophy of science and natural language.Suitable for researchers and graduate students in mathematics, computer science and philosophy, this is the latest in the prestigous world-renowned Oxford Logic Guides, which contains Michael Dummet's Elements of intuitionism (second edition), J. M. Dunn and G. Hardegree's Algebraic Methods in Philosophical Logic, H. Rott's Change, Choice and Inference: A Study of Belief Revision and NonmonotonicReasoning, P. T. Johnstone's Sketches of an Elephant: A Topos Theory Compendium: Volumes 1 and 2, and David J. Pym and Eike Ritter's Reductive Logic and Proof Search: Proof theory, semantics and control.

A Practical Study of Argument, Enhanced Edition

A Practical Study of Argument, Enhanced Edition

  • Author: Trudy Govier
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • ISBN: 1133934641
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 432
  • View: 592
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A PRACTICAL STUDY OF ARGUMENT gives you the tools you need to understand informal logic and formulate a good argument. By focusing on real world examples and including helpful study tools such as exercises with answers, a glossary of common fallacies, chapter summaries, and a book-specific online program (available with the book), A PRACTICAL STUDY OF ARGUMENT, Enhanced Seventh Edition provides you with everything you need to master the material with ease. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Reductive Logic and Proof-search

Reductive Logic and Proof-search

Proof Theory, Semantics, and Control

  • Author: David J. Pym,Eike Ritter
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0198526334
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 208
  • View: 6155
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This book is a specialized monograph on the development of the mathematical and computational metatheory of reductive logic and proof-search, areas of logic that are becoming important in computer science. A systematic foundational text on these emerging topics, it includes proof-theoretic, semantic/model-theoretic and algorithmic aspects. The scope ranges from the conceptual background to reductive logic, through its mathematical metatheory, to its modern applications in the computational sciences. Suitable for researchers and graduate students in mathematical, computational and philosophical logic, and in theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence, this is the latest in the prestigous world-renowned Oxford Logic Guides, which contains Michael Dummet's Elements of intuitionism (2nd Edition), Dov M. Gabbay, Mark A. Reynolds, and Marcelo Finger's Temporal Logic Mathematical Foundations and Computational Aspects , J. M. Dunn and G. Hardegree's Algebraic Methods in Philosophical Logic, H. Rott's Change, Choice and Inference: A Study of Belief Revision and Nonmonotonic Reasoning , and P. T. Johnstone's Sketches of an Elephant: A Topos Theory Compendium: Volumes 1 and 2 .

Books in Print

Books in Print

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: American literature
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9855
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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Reasons as Defaults

Reasons as Defaults

  • Author: John F. Horty
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 0199744076
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2645
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In this volume, John Horty brings to bear his work in logic to present a framework that allows for answers to key questions about reasons and reasoning, namely: What are reasons, and how do they support actions or conclusions?

Reasoning About Knowledge

Reasoning About Knowledge

  • Author: Ronald Fagin,Joseph Y. Halpern,Yoram Moses,Moshe Vardi
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262307820
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 536
  • View: 7581
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Reasoning about knowledge--particularly the knowledge of agents who reason about the world and each other's knowledge--was once the exclusive province of philosophers and puzzle solvers. More recently, this type of reasoning has been shown to play a key role in a surprising number of contexts, from understanding conversations to the analysis of distributed computer algorithms.Reasoning About Knowledge is the first book to provide a general discussion of approaches to reasoning about knowledge and its applications to distributed systems, artificial intelligence, and game theory. It brings eight years of work by the authors into a cohesive framework for understanding and analyzing reasoning about knowledge that is intuitive, mathematically well founded, useful in practice, and widely applicable. The book is almost completely self-contained and should be accessible to readers in a variety of disciplines, including computer science, artificial intelligence, linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science, and game theory. Each chapter includes exercises and bibliographic notes.

Reasoning

Reasoning

Studies of Human Inference and Its Foundations

  • Author: Lance J. Rips
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521848156
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 1057
  • View: 6047
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An interdisciplinary collection of major essays on reasoning by a well-known group of philosophers, psychologists and cognitive scientists.

Non-axiomatic Logic

Non-axiomatic Logic

A Model of Intelligent Reasoning

  • Author: Pei Wang
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9814440280
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 258
  • View: 6614
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This book provides a systematic and comprehensive description of Non-Axiomatic Logic, which is the result of the author''s research for about three decades.Non-Axiomatic Logic is designed to provide a uniform logical foundation for Artificial Intelligence, as well as an abstract description of the OC laws of thoughtOCO followed by the human mind. Different from OC mathematicalOCO logic, where the focus is the regularity required when demonstrating mathematical conclusions, Non-Axiomatic Logic is an attempt to return to the original aim of logic, that is, to formulate the regularity in actual human thinking. To achieve this goal, the logic is designed under the assumption that the system has insufficient knowledge and resources with respect to the problems to be solved, so that the OC logical conclusionsOCO are only valid with respect to the available knowledge and resources. Reasoning processes according to this logic covers cognitive functions like learning, planning, decision making, problem solving, This book is written for researchers and students in Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science, and can be used as a textbook for courses at graduate level, or upper-level undergraduate, on Non-Axiomatic Logic."

Handbook of Knowledge Representation

Handbook of Knowledge Representation

  • Author: Frank van Harmelen,Vladimir Lifschitz,Bruce Porter
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080557021
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 1034
  • View: 9847
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Handbook of Knowledge Representation describes the essential foundations of Knowledge Representation, which lies at the core of Artificial Intelligence (AI). The book provides an up-to-date review of twenty-five key topics in knowledge representation, written by the leaders of each field. It includes a tutorial background and cutting-edge developments, as well as applications of Knowledge Representation in a variety of AI systems. This handbook is organized into three parts. Part I deals with general methods in Knowledge Representation and reasoning and covers such topics as classical logic in Knowledge Representation; satisfiability solvers; description logics; constraint programming; conceptual graphs; nonmonotonic reasoning; model-based problem solving; and Bayesian networks. Part II focuses on classes of knowledge and specialized representations, with chapters on temporal representation and reasoning; spatial and physical reasoning; reasoning about knowledge and belief; temporal action logics; and nonmonotonic causal logic. Part III discusses Knowledge Representation in applications such as question answering; the semantic web; automated planning; cognitive robotics; multi-agent systems; and knowledge engineering. This book is an essential resource for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in knowledge representation and AI. * Make your computer smarter * Handle qualitative and uncertain information * Improve computational tractability to solve your problems easily

New Perspectives on Games and Interaction

New Perspectives on Games and Interaction

  • Author: Krzysztof R. Apt,Robert Van Rooij
  • Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
  • ISBN: 9089640576
  • Category: Games
  • Page: 328
  • View: 1366
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This volume is a collection of papers presented at the 2007 colloquium on new perspectives on games and interaction at the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences in Amsterdam.

Bayesian Rationality

Bayesian Rationality

The Probabilistic Approach to Human Reasoning

  • Author: Mike Oaksford,Nick Chater
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198524496
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 330
  • View: 3349
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For almost 2,500 years, the Western concept of what is to be human has been dominated by the idea that the mind is the seat of reason - humans are, almost by definition, the rational animal. In this text a more radical suggestion for explaining these puzzling aspects of human reasoning is put forward.