Search Results for "chemistry-and-the-living-organism"

Chemistry and the Living Organism

Chemistry and the Living Organism

  • Author: Molly M. Bloomfield,Lawrence J. Stephens
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • ISBN: 9780471107774
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 704
  • View: 3766
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The latest version of this popular textbook updates the content and format of previous editions to make it more appealing to students and more useful to instructors. Concentrates on the relationship between basic chemical concepts and the chemistry of living organisms. Delves into such topical issues as alcoholism, radiation therapy, and effects of food chemicals on the brain. This edition features a STEP problem solving strategy which provides a consistent method to solve all problems in the book, an extensive glossary plus full-color art work.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell

  • Author: Bruce Alberts
  • Publisher: Garland Science
  • ISBN: 1317563743
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1464
  • View: 9847
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

The Nature of Living Things

The Nature of Living Things

An Essay in Theoretical Biology

  • Author: Stephen Black
  • Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • ISBN: 1483221679
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 164
  • View: 3355
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The Nature of Living Things: An Essay in Theoretical Biology is a 16-chapter text that describes the theory on the nature of life and mind. The first chapters cover first the microbiological aspects of living things, followed by intensive discussions on fundamentals of life, including information about DNA, RNA, cells, proteins, and the immune system. The succeeding chapters explore the concept of evolutionary development, the communication system in biology, plant biology, and the complexity of atom. The last chapters review the fundamental difference between the chemistry of life and the chemistry of the inorganic universe. This book is of value to biologists, evolutionists, and researchers who are interested in advancing their knowledge on nature of life.

The University of Michigan, an Encyclopedic Survey ...: pt. 1. History and administration. pt. 2. Organization. Services. Alumni

The University of Michigan, an Encyclopedic Survey ...: pt. 1. History and administration. pt. 2. Organization. Services. Alumni

  • Author: University of Michigan,Walter Arthur Donnelly
  • Publisher: UM Libraries
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7274
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Evolution's Destiny

Evolution's Destiny

Co-evolving Chemistry of the Environment and Life

  • Author: Robert Joseph Paton Williams,Ros Rickaby
  • Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
  • ISBN: 1849735581
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 319
  • View: 7458
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This book demonstrates that biology and geochemistry have continually influenced each other in the co-evolution of the Earth and all life.

Silent Spring

Silent Spring

  • Author: Rachel Carson
  • Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  • ISBN: 9780618249060
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 378
  • View: 5103
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Discusses the reckless annihilation of fish and birds by the use of pesticides and warns of the possible genetic effects on humans.

Comprehensive Chemistry XII

Comprehensive Chemistry XII

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Laxmi Publications
  • ISBN: 9788170087526
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8660
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The University of Michigan, an Encyclopedic Survey ...: pt. 3. College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, I. pt. 4. College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, II. Summer session. pt. 5. Medical School. University Hospital. Law School

The University of Michigan, an Encyclopedic Survey ...: pt. 3. College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, I. pt. 4. College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, II. Summer session. pt. 5. Medical School. University Hospital. Law School

  • Author: University of Michigan,Walter Arthur Donnelly
  • Publisher: UM Libraries
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3969
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Unity and Diversity in Biochemistry

Unity and Diversity in Biochemistry

An Introduction to Chemical Biology

  • Author: Marcel Florkin
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 1483280969
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 414
  • View: 5134
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International Series of Monographs on Pure and Applied Biology, Volume 1: Unity and Diversity in Biochemistry focuses on the advancements of processes, techniques, methodologies, and approaches involved in biochemistry. The publication first offers information on the constituents of the biosphere, modes of linkage by covalent bonds and macromolecules, general principles of biochemical energetics, and enzymes. The text then examines the destructive and non-destructive methods in modern biochemistry, priming reactions, and biosynthesis. Discussions focus on the mechanisms for the breakdown of amino acids, glycolysis and the hexosemonophosphate shunt, interrelations between priming reactions, respiratory chains, biochemical investigation and use of isotopes, and use of mutant strains micro-organisms. The manuscript takes a look at cellular topochemistry and regulation, aspects of biochemical diversity, inheritance of biochemical characteristics, and biochemical evolution. Topics include evolution of biochemical systems and constituents, control of biochemical characteristics by genes, biochemical differentiation of cells in a single organism, and factors which determine the velocity and path of enzymatic reaction chains. The selection is a dependable source of data for biochemists and readers interested in the different aspects of biochemistry.

Nature

Nature

  • Author: Sir Norman Lockyer
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Electronic journals
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7825
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Trace Metals in the Environment and Living Organisms

Trace Metals in the Environment and Living Organisms

The British Isles as a Case Study

  • Author: Philip S. Rainbow
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108470939
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 770
  • View: 7311
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Without trace metals there would be no life, yet trace metals can eliminate life. Where, why and so what?

Luminous Creatures

Luminous Creatures

The History and Science of Light Production in Living Organisms

  • Author: Michel Anctil
  • Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
  • ISBN: 0773554092
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9319
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Naturalists in antiquity worked hard to dispel fanciful ideas about the meaning of living lights, but remained bewildered by them. Even Charles Darwin was perplexed by the chaotic diversity of luminous organisms, which he found difficult to reconcile with his evolutionary theory. It fell to naturalists and scientists to make sense of the dazzling displays of fireflies and other organisms. In Luminous Creatures Michel Anctil shows how mythical perceptions of bioluminescence gradually gave way to a scientific understanding of its mechanisms, functions, and evolution, and to the recognition of its usefulness for biomedical and other applied fields. Following the rise of the modern scientific method and the circumnavigations and oceanographic expeditions of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, biologists began to realize the diversity of bioluminescence’s expressions in light organs and ecological imprints, and how widespread it is on the planet. By the end of the nineteenth century an understanding of the chemical nature and physiological control of the phenomenon was at hand. Technological developments led to an explosion of knowledge on the ecology, evolution, and molecular biology of bioluminescence. Luminous Creatures tracks these historical events and illuminates the lives and the trail-blazing accomplishments of the scientists involved. It offers a unique window into the awe-inspiring, phantasmagorical world of light-producing organisms, viewed from the perspectives of casual observers and scientists alike.

Atmospheric Chemistry

Atmospheric Chemistry

  • Author: Ann M Holloway,Richard P Wayne
  • Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
  • ISBN: 1782625933
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 271
  • View: 6719
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Atmospheric Chemistry provides readers with a basic knowledge of the chemistry of Earth's atmosphere, and an understanding of the role that chemical transformations play in this vital part of our environment. The composition of the 'natural' atmosphere (troposphere, stratosphere and mesosphere) is described in terms of the physical and chemical cycles that govern the behaviour of the major and the many minor species present, and of the atmospheric lifetimes of those species. An extension of these ideas leads to a discussion of the impacts of Man's activities on the atmosphere, and to an understanding of some of the most important environmental issues of our time. One thread of the book explains how living organisms alter the composition and pressures in the atmosphere, modify temperatures, and change the intensity and wavelength-distribution of light arriving from the Sun. Meanwhile, the living organisms on Earth have depended on these very same environmental conditions being satisfactory for the maintenance and evolution of life. There thus appear to be two-way interactions between life and the atmosphere. Man, just one species of living organism, has developed an unfortunate ability to interfere with the feedbacks that seem to have maintained the atmosphere to be supportive of surface life for more than 3.5 billion years. This book will help chemists to understand the background to the problems that arise from such interference. The structure of the book and the development of the subject deviate somewhat from those usually encountered. Important and recurring concepts are presented in outline first, before more detailed discussions of the atmospheric behaviour of specific chemical species. Examples of such themes are the sources and sinks of trace gases, and their budgets and lifetimes. That is, the emphasis is initially on the principles of the subject, with the finer points emerging at later points in the book, sometimes in several successive chapters. In this way, some of the core material gets repeated exposure, but in new ways and in new contexts. The book is written at a level that makes it accessible to undergraduate chemists, and in a manner that should make it interesting to them. However, the material presented forms a solid base for those who are extending their studies to a higher level, and it will also provide non-specialists with the background to an understanding of Man's several and varied threats to the atmosphere. Well-informed citizens can then better assess measures proposed to prevent or alleviate the potential damage, and policy makers more realistically formulate the necessary controls on a sound scientific foundation.

Opportunities in Chemistry:

Opportunities in Chemistry:

Today and Tomorrow

  • Author: Janice A. Coonrod,George C. Pimentel,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309037425
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 6959
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Experts agree that the nation would benefit if more young people "turned on" to the sciences. This book is designed as a tool to do just that. It is based on Opportunities in Chemistry, a National Research Council publication that incorporated the contributions of 350 researchers working at the frontiers of the field. Chemistry educators Janice A. Coonrod and the late George C. Pimentel revised the material to capture the interest of today's student. A broad and highly readable survey, the volume explores: The role of chemistry in attacking major problems in environmental quality, food production, energy, health, and other important areas. Opportunities at the leading edge of chemistry, in controlling basic chemical reactions and working at the molecular level. Working with lasers, molecular beams, and other sophisticated measurement techniques and tools available to chemistry researchers. The book concludes with a discussion of chemistry's role in society's risk-benefit decisions and a review of career and educational opportunities.

Advances in Computer Science, Environment, Ecoinformatics, and Education, Part V

Advances in Computer Science, Environment, Ecoinformatics, and Education, Part V

International Conference, CSEE 2011, Wuhan, China, August 21-22, 2011. Proceedings

  • Author: Sally Lin,Xiong Huang
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3642233570
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 624
  • View: 7166
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This 5-volume set (CCIS 214-CCIS 218) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Science, Environment, Ecoinformatics, and Education, CSEE 2011, held in Wuhan, China, in July 2011. The 525 revised full papers presented in the five volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on information security, intelligent information, neural networks, digital library, algorithms, automation, artificial intelligence, bioinformatics, computer networks, computational system, computer vision, computer modelling and simulation, control, databases, data mining, e-learning, e-commerce, e-business, image processing, information systems, knowledge management and knowledge discovering, mulitimedia and its apllication, management and information system, moblie computing, natural computing and computational intelligence, open and innovative education, pattern recognition, parallel and computing, robotics, wireless network, web application, other topics connecting with computer, environment and ecoinformatics, modeling and simulation, environment restoration, environment and energy, information and its influence on environment, computer and ecoinformatics, biotechnology and biofuel, as well as biosensors and bioreactor.

Principles of Modern Microbiology

Principles of Modern Microbiology

  • Author: Mark Wheelis
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • ISBN: 144964726X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 528
  • View: 4332
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Principles of Modern Microbiology presents an authoritative, balanced introduction to microbiology for majors. Ideal for the one-semester course, the text provides a manageable amount of detail, omitting topics that were previously taught in prerequisite courses, while still maintaining a level of intellectual rigor appropriate for students at this level. A dynamic art program presents accurate molecular & cellular images in an innovative 3-D like style, while the author s clear, student-friendly writing style helps students grasp difficult concepts. Great Experiments boxes throughout the text describe real-world experiments and allow students to gain a clear sense of the experimental process as it applies to microbiology. Complete with a wealth of student and instructor resources, Principles of Modern Microbiology is sure to engage and inspire majors who are looking to expand their knowledge of the many facets of microbiology."

Biophysical Chemistry

Biophysical Chemistry

Thermodynamics, Electrostatics, and the Biological Significance of the Properties of Matter

  • Author: John T. Edsall,Jeffries Wyman
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 1483270580
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 716
  • View: 3401
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Biophysical Chemistry, Volume I: Thermodynamics, Electrostatics, and the Biological Significance of the Properties of Matter focuses on the biological aspects of the properties of matter, putting emphasis on the chemical elements, water and carbon dioxide, complex molecules, and proteins. The publication first elaborates on biochemistry and geochemistry, water and its biological significance, and the problems of protein structure. Discussions focus on the number of peptide chains in the molecule and nature of terminal groups, latent heat of fusion, characteristics of the amino acids derived from proteins, expansion of water in freezing, and the relative abundance of chemical elements in the universe. The text then takes a look at thermodynamics and the application to polar molecules and ionic solutions of electrostatics, including free energy of a charged sphere, image charges, salting-out effect, expressions for the change of fundamental thermodynamic functions, and chemical potentials. The book examines the conductivity of electrolytes, acid-base equilibria, and polybasic acids, bases, and ampholytes, including proteins. Topics include ionization of cysteine, isoelectric points of polyvalent ampholytes, hemoglobin, nature of acids and bases, measurement of conductivity, electrolytes as conductors, and the moving boundary method of determining transference numbers. The manuscript is a dependable reference for chemists and researchers interested in thermodynamics, electrostatics, and the biological value of the properties of matter.

Fundamentals of Polymer Physics and Molecular Biophysics

Fundamentals of Polymer Physics and Molecular Biophysics

  • Author: Himadri B. Bohidar
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107058708
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 350
  • View: 2162
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"Provides a physical interpretation of the data obtained in macromolecular transport phenomena in a given system and also addresses some important issues and concepts related to biopolymers such as proteins and nucleic acids"--

Immobilized Enzyme Principles

Immobilized Enzyme Principles

Applied Biochemistry and Bioengineering

  • Author: Lemuel B. Wingard,Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir,Leon Goldstein
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 1483215849
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 376
  • View: 894
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Applied Biochemistry and Bioengineering, Volume 1: Immobilized Enzyme Principles focuses on the utilization of immobilization techniques for the study and application of enzyme catalysts in a variety of potential end-uses. This book emphasizes the preparation of enzyme-support systems, effects caused by the concurrent phenomena of enzyme-catalyzed reaction kinetics and mass transfer resistances, and how these reactions are incorporated into the design of enzyme-catalyzed reactor systems. The magnitude of the perturbation of the apparent kinetic parameters of an immobilized enzyme that could serve in principle as a measure of the effective concentrations of substrate, modifier, or inhibitor at the site of the enzymic reaction is also explained. This volume is recommended for biological scientists and engineers, as well as researchers interested in the biochemical common denominator that causes the interaction of engineering practice and biological sciences for technological development.

The Chemistry and Biology of Winemaking

The Chemistry and Biology of Winemaking

  • Author: Ian Spencer Hornsey
  • Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
  • ISBN: 0854042660
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 457
  • View: 6757
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Someone once said that 'wine is a mixture of chemistry, biology and psychology'. It has certainly fascinated people over the centuries and without a doubt been enjoyed by many. Indeed, from its serendipitous roots as an attempt to store fruit, wine has been woven into the fabric of society; from its use in religion to today's sophisticated products sampled over a meal. The Chemistry and Biology of Winemaking not only discusses the science of winemaking but also aims to provide the reader with a wider appreciation of the impact of oenology on human society. Beginning with a history of wine the book discusses a wide range of topics, with particular emphasis on the organisms involved. Starting with the role of yeast in fermentation, it goes on to discuss so-called 'killer yeasts', lactic acid bacteria and the role that genetically modified organisms may have in the future. This book is ideal for anyone interested in the process of winemaking and will be of particular use for those with an interest in the chemical and biological sciences.