# Search Results for "chemistry-in-100-numbers-a-numerical-guide-to-facts-formulas-and-theories"

## The Story of Chemistry

**Author**: Anne Rooney**Publisher:**Sirius Entertainment**ISBN:**9781788283809**Category:**Science**Page:**208**View:**9417

The Story of Chemistry shows how the study of chemistry came into being following early exploitation of chemistry that were purely practical, e.g. smelting, alloys, dyeing, cooking, glazing pottery and paints. Hammurabi produced his catalog of metals as early as 1700 BC, and just as the exploration of metals was driven by a desire for better weapons, so chemistry advanced in the early historical period for use in distillation, materials, fermentation and medicine. Chemistry became a science after it was divorced from alchemy, when the scientific method was applied by such luminaries as Bacon and Lavoissier. Incorporating the search for elementals and the composition of matter, along with the study of energy and the transformation of matter, this is the story of how human beings took control of the world and used chemistry to modify it. Produced in an attractive and popular format with lots of full-color illustrations. Accessible and easily understood, with box-outs on all the leading personalities in this discipline.

## An Introductory Guide to Computational Methods for the Solution of Physics Problems

*With Emphasis on Spectral Methods*

**Author**: George Rawitscher,Victo dos Santos Filho,Thiago Carvalho Peixoto**Publisher:**Springer**ISBN:**3319427032**Category:**Science**Page:**221**View:**5650

This monograph presents fundamental aspects of modern spectral and other computational methods, which are not generally taught in traditional courses. It emphasizes concepts as errors, convergence, stability, order and efficiency applied to the solution of physical problems. The spectral methods consist in expanding the function to be calculated into a set of appropriate basis functions (generally orthogonal polynomials) and the respective expansion coefficients are obtained via collocation equations. The main advantage of these methods is that they simultaneously take into account all available information, rather only the information available at a limited number of mesh points. They require more complicated matrix equations than those obtained in finite difference methods. However, the elegance, speed, and accuracy of the spectral methods more than compensates for any such drawbacks. During the course of the monograph, the authors examine the usually rapid convergence of the spectral expansions and the improved accuracy that results when nonequispaced support points are used, in contrast to the equispaced points used in finite difference methods. In particular, they demonstrate the enhanced accuracy obtained in the solutionof integral equations. The monograph includes an informative introduction to old and new computational methods with numerous practical examples, while at the same time pointing out the errors that each of the available algorithms introduces into the specific solution. It is a valuable resource for undergraduate students as an introduction to the field and for graduate students wishing to compare the available computational methods. In addition, the work develops the criteria required for students to select the most suitable method to solve the particular scientific problem that they are confronting.

## Entropy Demystified

**Author**: N.A**Publisher:**World Scientific**ISBN:**9814338397**Category:**Entropy**Page:**223**View:**8732

## An Introduction to Number Theory

**Author**: Harold M. Stark**Publisher:**Mit Press**ISBN:**9780262690607**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**347**View:**5094

The majority of students who take courses in number theory are mathematics majors who will not become number theorists. Many of them will, however, teach mathematics at the high school or junior college level, and this book is intended for those students learning to teach, in addition to a careful presentation of the standard material usually taught in a first course in elementary number theory, this book includes a chapter on quadratic fields which the author has designed to make students think about some of the "obvious" concepts they have taken for granted earlier. The book also includes a large number of exercises, many of which are nonstandard.

## Elementary Number Theory

**Author**: James S. Kraft,Lawrence C. Washington**Publisher:**CRC Press**ISBN:**1498702686**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**411**View:**3049

Elementary Number Theory takes an accessible approach to teaching students about the role of number theory in pure mathematics and its important applications to cryptography and other areas. The first chapter of the book explains how to do proofs and includes a brief discussion of lemmas, propositions, theorems, and corollaries. The core of the text covers linear Diophantine equations; unique factorization; congruences; Fermat’s, Euler’s, and Wilson’s theorems; order and primitive roots; and quadratic reciprocity. The authors also discuss numerous cryptographic topics, such as RSA and discrete logarithms, along with recent developments. The book offers many pedagogical features. The "check your understanding" problems scattered throughout the chapters assess whether students have learned essential information. At the end of every chapter, exercises reinforce an understanding of the material. Other exercises introduce new and interesting ideas while computer exercises reflect the kinds of explorations that number theorists often carry out in their research.

## Chemistry, theoretical, practical, and analytical

*as applied and relating to the arts and manufactures*

**Author**: Sheridan Muspratt,Eben Norton Horsford**Publisher:**N.A**ISBN:**N.A**Category:**Science**Page:**N.A**View:**5870

## The Knot Book

*An Elementary Introduction to the Mathematical Theory of Knots*

**Author**: Colin Conrad Adams**Publisher:**American Mathematical Soc.**ISBN:**0821836781**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**306**View:**6809

Knots are familiar objects. We use them to moor our boats, to wrap our packages, to tie our shoes. Yet the mathematical theory of knots quickly leads to deep results in topology and geometry. The Knot Book is an introduction to this rich theory, starting from our familiar understanding of knots and a bit of college algebra and finishing with exciting topics of current research. The Knot Book is also about the excitement of doing mathematics. Colin Adams engages the reader with fascinating examples, superb figures, and thought-provoking ideas. He also presents the remarkable applications of knot theory to modern chemistry, biology, and physics. This is a compelling book that will comfortably escort you into the marvelous world of knot theory. Whether you are a mathematics student, someone working in a related field, or an amateur mathematician, you will find much of interest in The Knot Book.

## Introduction to Probability

**Author**: Charles Miller Grinstead,James Laurie Snell**Publisher:**American Mathematical Soc.**ISBN:**0821894145**Category:**Probabilities**Page:**510**View:**1000

This text is designed for an introductory probability course at the university level for sophomores, juniors, and seniors in mathematics, physical and social sciences, engineering, and computer science. It presents a thorough treatment of ideas and techniques necessary for a firm understanding of the subject. The text is also recommended for use in discrete probability courses. The material is organized so that the discrete and continuous probability discussions are presented in a separate, but parallel, manner. This organization does not emphasize an overly rigorous or formal view of probability and therefore offers some strong pedagogical value. Hence, the discrete discussions can sometimes serve to motivate the more abstract continuous probability discussions. Features: Key ideas are developed in a somewhat leisurely style, providing a variety of interesting applications to probability and showing some nonintuitive ideas. Over 600 exercises provide the opportunity for practicing skills and developing a sound understanding of ideas. Numerous historical comments deal with the development of discrete probability. The text includes many computer programs that illustrate the algorithms or the methods of computation for important problems. The book is a beautiful introduction to probability theory at the beginning level. The book contains a lot of examples and an easy development of theory without any sacrifice of rigor, keeping the abstraction to a minimal level. It is indeed a valuable addition to the study of probability theory. --Zentralblatt MATH

## A Practical Guide to Ecological Modelling

*Using R as a Simulation Platform*

**Author**: Karline Soetaert,Peter M. J. Herman**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media**ISBN:**1402086245**Category:**Science**Page:**372**View:**7180

Mathematical modelling is an essential tool in present-day ecological research. Yet for many ecologists it is still problematic to apply modelling in their research. In our experience, the major problem is at the conceptual level: proper understanding of what a model is, how ecological relations can be translated consistently into mathematical equations, how models are solved, steady states calculated and interpreted. Many textbooks jump over these conceptual hurdles to dive into detailed formulations or the mathematics of solution. This book attempts to fill that gap. It introduces essential concepts for mathematical modelling, explains the mathematics behind the methods, and helps readers to implement models and obtain hands-on experience. Throughout the book, emphasis is laid on how to translate ecological questions into interpretable models in a practical way. The book aims to be an introductory textbook at the undergraduate-graduate level, but will also be useful to seduce experienced ecologists into the world of modelling. The range of ecological models treated is wide, from Lotka-Volterra type of principle-seeking models to environmental or ecosystem models, and including matrix models, lattice models and sequential decision models. All chapters contain a concise introduction into the theory, worked-out examples and exercises. All examples are implemented in the open-source package R, thus taking away problems of software availability for use of the book. All code used in the book is available on a dedicated website.

## How to Prove It

*A Structured Approach*

**Author**: Daniel J. Velleman**Publisher:**Cambridge University Press**ISBN:**1139450972**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**N.A**View:**1887

Many students have trouble the first time they take a mathematics course in which proofs play a significant role. This new edition of Velleman's successful text will prepare students to make the transition from solving problems to proving theorems by teaching them the techniques needed to read and write proofs. The book begins with the basic concepts of logic and set theory, to familiarize students with the language of mathematics and how it is interpreted. These concepts are used as the basis for a step-by-step breakdown of the most important techniques used in constructing proofs. The author shows how complex proofs are built up from these smaller steps, using detailed 'scratch work' sections to expose the machinery of proofs about the natural numbers, relations, functions, and infinite sets. To give students the opportunity to construct their own proofs, this new edition contains over 200 new exercises, selected solutions, and an introduction to Proof Designer software. No background beyond standard high school mathematics is assumed. This book will be useful to anyone interested in logic and proofs: computer scientists, philosophers, linguists, and of course mathematicians.

## Nanostructured Soft Matter

*Experiment, Theory, Simulation and Perspectives*

**Author**: A.V. Zvelindovsky**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media**ISBN:**140206330X**Category:**Science**Page:**628**View:**3250

This book provides an interdisciplinary overview of a new and broad class of materials under the unifying name Nanostructured Soft Matter. It covers materials ranging from short amphiphilic molecules to block copolymers, proteins, colloids and their composites, microemulsions and bio-inspired systems such as vesicles.

## Chemistry, experiment and theory, second edition

*student study guide*

**Author**: Bernice G. Segal**Publisher:**John Wiley & Sons Inc**ISBN:**N.A**Category:**Science**Page:**618**View:**3167

This Second Edition of the first-year chemistry text known for its clarity of exposition and its large number of illustrative worked problems, contains a more rigorous treatment of electrochemistry, chemical equilibrium, and thermochemistry. Worked examples now number over 300, and exercises, over 1460.

## Mathematics

**Author**: Timothy Gowers**Publisher:**Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.**ISBN:**9781402768972**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**180**View:**6462

Mathematics is a subject we are all exposed to in our daily lives, but one that many of us fear. Timothy Gowers’s entertaining overview of the topic explains the differences between what we learn at school and advanced mathematics, and helps the math phobic emerge with a clearer understanding of such paradoxical-sounding concepts as “infinity,” “curved space,” and “imaginary numbers.” From basic ideas to philosophical queries to common sociological questions about the mathematical community, this book unravels the mysteries of space and numbers.

## Seven Brief Lessons on Physics

**Author**: Carlo Rovelli**Publisher:**Penguin**ISBN:**0399184430**Category:**Science**Page:**96**View:**6085

Look out for Carlo Rovelli's next book, Reality Is Not What It Seems. Instant New York Times Bestseller “One of the year’s most entrancing books about science.”—The Wall Street Journal “Clear, elegant...a whirlwind tour of some of the biggest ideas in physics.”—The New York Times Book Review This playful, entertaining, and mind-bending introduction to modern physics briskly explains Einstein's general relativity, quantum mechanics, elementary particles, gravity, black holes, the complex architecture of the universe, and the role humans play in this weird and wonderful world. Carlo Rovelli, a renowned theoretical physicist, is a delightfully poetic and philosophical scientific guide. He takes us to the frontiers of our knowledge: to the most minute reaches of the fabric of space, back to the origins of the cosmos, and into the workings of our minds. The book celebrates the joy of discovery. “Here, on the edge of what we know, in contact with the ocean of the unknown, shines the mystery and the beauty of the world,” Rovelli writes. “And it’s breathtaking.”

## Walford's Guide to Reference Material: Science & technology

**Author**: Albert John Walford,Anthony P. Harvey,H. Drubba**Publisher:**Library Association Publishing (UK)**ISBN:**9780853656111**Category:**Reference**Page:**697**View:**4277

## Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications

*With Combinatorics and Graph Theory*

**Author**: Kenneth H. Rosen,Kamala Krithivasan**Publisher:**Tata McGraw-Hill Education**ISBN:**0070681880**Category:**Computer science**Page:**N.A**View:**3733