Search Results for "constructivism-and-international-relations"

Constructivism and International Relations

Constructivism and International Relations

Alexander Wendt and His Critics

  • Author: Stefano Guzzini,Anna Leander
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134319592
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 4559
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This new book unites in one volume some of the most prominent critiques of Alexander Wendt's constructivist theory of international relations and includes the first comprehensive reply by Wendt. Partly reprints of benchmark articles, partly new original critiques, the critical chapters are informed by a wide array of contending theories ranging from realism to poststructuralism. The collected leading theorists critique Wendt’s seminal book Social Theory of International Politics and his subsequent revisions. They take issue with the full panoply of Wendt’s approach, such as his alleged positivism, his critique of the realist school, the conceptualism of identity, and his teleological theory of history. Wendt’s reply is not limited to rebuttal only. For the first time, he develops his recent idea of quantum social science, as well as its implications for theorising international relations. This unique volume will be a necessary companion to Wendt’s book for students and researchers seeking a better understanding of his work, and also offers one of the most up-to-date collections on constructivist theorizing.

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

An Ideational Alliance

  • Author: Vaughn P. Shannon,Paul A. Kowert
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 0472117998
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 277
  • View: 9382
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Psychology and constructivism together offer new ways of understanding international relations

Constructivism and Comparative Politics

Constructivism and Comparative Politics

  • Author: Daniel M. Green
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9780765608611
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 278
  • View: 9437
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This book presents a new approach to the study of comparative politics that builds on the assumption that political actors and institutions operate within constructed communities of meaning, which in turn interface with other such communities. Accordingly, a comparative study of polities or the relations between polities (foreign policies, international relations) must incorporate a recognition of actors' identies, cultures, and worldviews, and the role of norms, rules, and ideas. The essays in the first part of the book explore the theoretical bases of this approach. The second part presents four case studies--of modern states and indigenous peoples in the Americas; democratic development in Benin, West Africa; culture industries and identity in Canada, France, and the EU; and the reconstruction of postwar Germany.

Epistemic Communities, Constructivism, and International Environmental Politics

Epistemic Communities, Constructivism, and International Environmental Politics

  • Author: Peter M. Haas
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317511395
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 398
  • View: 1866
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Epistemic Communities, Constructivism and International Environmental Politics brings together 25 years of publications by Peter M. Haas. The book examines how the world has changed significantly over the last 100 years, discusses the need for new, constructivist scholarship to understand the dynamics of world politics, and highlights the role played by transnational networks of professional experts in global governance. Combining an intellectual history of epistemic communities with theoretical arguments and empirical studies of global environmental conferences, as well as international organizations and comparative studies of international environmental regimes, this book presents a broad picture of social learning on the global scale. In addition to detailing the changes in the international system since the Industrial Revolution, Haas discusses the technical nature of global environmental threats. Providing a critical reading of discourses about environmental security, this book explores governance efforts to deal with global climate change, international pollution control, stratospheric ozone, and European acid rain. With a new general introduction and the addition of introductory pieces for each section, this collection offers a retrospective overview of the author’s work and is essential reading for students and scholars of environmental politics, international relations and global politics.

Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations

Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations

  • Author: Audie Klotz,Cecelia M. Lynch
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317459253
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 144
  • View: 9220
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Constructivism's basic premise - that individuals and groups are shaped by their world but can also change it - may seem intuitively true. Yet this process-oriented approach can be more difficult to apply than structural or rational choice frameworks. Based on their own experiences and exemplars from the IR literature, well-known authors Audie Klotz and Cecelia Lynch lay out concepts and tools for anyone seeking to apply the constructivist approach in research. Written in jargon-free prose and relevant across the social sciences, this book is essential for anyone trying to sort out appropriate methods for empirical research.

Foreign Policy in a Constructed World

Foreign Policy in a Constructed World

  • Author: V. Kubálková
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9780765607874
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 302
  • View: 8896
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This volume applies states' actions in the world to the study of foreign policy. Part I introduces constructivism for foreign policy studies. Part II presents case studies of it's application and Part III reviews the results.

Constructivism in International Relations

Constructivism in International Relations

The Politics of Reality

  • Author: Maja Zehfuss
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521894661
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 289
  • View: 9693
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Maja Zehfuss' book offers a fundamental critique of constructivism, focusing on the work of Wendt, Onuf and Kratochwil. Using Germany's shift towards participation in international military operations as an illustration, she demonstrates why each version of constructivism fails in its own project and comes apart on the basis of its own assumptions. Inspired by Derridean thought, this book highlights the political consequences of constructivist representations of reality. Each critique concludes that constructivist notions of key concepts are impossible, and that this is not merely a question of theoretical inconsistency, but of politics. The book is premised on the notion that the 'empirical' and the 'theoretical' are less separate than is acknowledged in international relations, and must be read as intertwined. Zehfuss examines the scholars' role in international relations, worrying that, by looking to constructivism as the future, they will be severely curtailing their ability to act responsibly in this area.

Power, Realism and Constructivism

Power, Realism and Constructivism

  • Author: Stefano Guzzini
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415640466
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 341
  • View: 1187
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Framed by a new and substantial introductory chapter, this book collects Stefano Guzzini's reference articles and some less well-known publications on power, realism and constructivism. By analysing theories and their assumptions, but also theorists following their intellectual paths, his analysis explores the diversity of different schools, and moves beyond simple definitions to explore their intrinsic tensions and fallacies. Guzzini's approach to the analysis of power – within and outside International Relations – provides the common theme of the book through which the theoretical state of the art in IR is reassessed. A novel analysis of power and the potential limits of realism and constructivism in International Relations, Power, Realism and Constructivism will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, international political economy, social and political theory, and the study of power.

Making Sense, Making Worlds

Making Sense, Making Worlds

Constructivism in Social Theory and International Relations

  • Author: Nicholas Onuf
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136219463
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7958
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Nicholas Onuf is a leading scholar in international relations and introduced constructivism to international relations, coining the term constructivism in his book World of Our Making (1989). He was featured as one of twelve scholars featured in Iver B. Neumann and Ole Wæver, eds., The Future of International Relations: Masters in the Making? (1996); and featured in Martin Griffiths, Steven C. Roach and M. Scott Solomon, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, 2nd ed. (2009). This powerful collection of essays clarifies Onuf’s approach to international relations and makes a decisive contribution to the debates in IR concerning theory. It embeds the theoretical project in the wider horizon of how we understand ourselves and the world. Onuf updates earlier themes and his general constructivist approach, and develops some newer lines of research, such as the work on metaphors and the re-grounding in much more Aristotle than before. A complement to the author’s groundbreaking book of 1989, World of Our Making, this tightly argued book draws extensively from philosophy and social theory to advance constructivism in International Relations. Making Sense, Making Worlds will be vital reading for students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, social theory and law.

Social Constructivism in International Relations and the Gender Dimension

Social Constructivism in International Relations and the Gender Dimension

  • Author: Ikechukwu Aloysius Orjinta
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3640782526
  • Category:
  • Page: 68
  • View: 1942
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Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - Political Theory and the History of Ideas Journal, grade: Eins, LMU Munich (Geschwister-Scholl Institut fur Politische Wissenschaft), course: Social Constructivism in International Rel. Theory, language: English, comment: Seitengrenze wurde erstmal uberschritten, und bei der 2. Abgabe verkurzt.Bei der Grinprasentation aber habe ich den Rest reingetan., abstract: The goal of this work is to study the Approach of Social Constructivism in International Relations and to anchor this examination to the emergent debate of Feminist Constructivism as an offshoot of Gender in International Relations. To market International Relations as a social construction is to underscore the importance of Interactions, discourse, change and sociality as opposed to Individuality, autarky, power, materiality, rationality and militarism. In this regard Social Constructivism ushers itself in, in the discipline of International Relations as a new alternative to the traditional theories that have hitherto monopolized the way political scientists have been viewing the inter - and intrastate events. Constructivism is the new approach to International Relations. It takes a middle course between realism and liberalism. Constructivism explores the role of ideas, images, symbols, norms, culture and discourse on social life. It stresses that ideational factors such as dialogue and exchange of ideas are more result-oriented in socio-political life than material factors. Constructivism is a social Theory that centers on social life and social change. Focusing on, social facts"(Searle 1995) like money, sovereignty and rights which have no material reality but are inter-subjectively made real by shared ideational forces among peoples, Constructivists followed the example of Foucauld who opined that discourse is the root of all successes in human and social relations. Encompassing a broad range of theories that tackle the questions of ont

Rational Choice

Rational Choice

Eine Kritik am Beispiel von Anwendungen in der Politischen Wissenschaft. Übersetzung aus dem Amerikanischen von Annette Schmitt

  • Author: Donald P. Green,Ian Shapiro
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3486831607
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 271
  • View: 4594
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In diesem gut lesbaren und verständlichen Buch bewerten die Autoren die Anwendung der Rational-Choice-Theorie. In ihrer herben Kritik zeigen Green und Shapiro auf, dass die hoch gelobten Ergebnisse der Rational-Choice-Theorie tatsächlich äußerst suspekt sind und dass ein grundsätzliches Umdenken erforderlich ist, um diesen analytischen Ansatz in der Politikwissenschaft wirklich nutzen zu können. Diesen Prozess des Umdenkens wollen die Autoren mit ihrem Buch anstoßen.

Realist Constructivism

Realist Constructivism

Rethinking International Relations Theory

  • Author: J. Samuel Barkin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139484400
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5760
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Realism and constructivism, two key contemporary theoretical approaches to the study of international relations, are commonly taught as mutually exclusive ways of understanding the subject. Realist Constructivism explores the common ground between the two, and demonstrates that, rather than being in simple opposition, they have areas of both tension and overlap. There is indeed space to engage in a realist constructivism. But at the same time, there are important distinctions between them, and there remains a need for a constructivism that is not realist, and a realism that is not constructivist. Samuel Barkin argues more broadly for a different way of thinking about theories of international relations, that focuses on the corresponding elements within various approaches rather than on a small set of mutually exclusive paradigms. Realist Constructivism provides an interesting new way for scholars and students to think about international relations theory.

Die Fabrikation von Erkenntnis

Die Fabrikation von Erkenntnis

zur Anthropologie der Naturwissenschaft

  • Author: Karin Knorr-Cetina
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 357
  • View: 9326
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Introduction to International Relations

Introduction to International Relations

Theories and Approaches

  • Author: Robert H. Jackson,Georg Sørensen
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780199285433
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 342
  • View: 1858
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This highly successful textbook provides a systematic introduction to the principle theories in international relations. It combines incisive and original analysis with a clear and accessible writing style, making it the ideal textbook for all students taking an introductory course in international relations or international relations theory. The book focuses on the main theoretical traditions - Realism, Liberalism, International Society, and theories of international political economy. The third edition includes two new chapters on Social Constructivism and foreign policy. Emphasis is placed on the relationship between IR theory (academic knowledge of IR) and IR practice (real world events and activities of world politics). The authors carefully explain how particular theories organize and sharpen our view of the world. The book is supported by an Online Resource Centre. Student resources: Case studies with assignments Review questions Web links to theoretical debates, maps and world situations (NEW) Flashcard glossary (NEW) Lecturer resources: Figures and tables from the text (NEW)

International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century

International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century

An Introduction

  • Author: Martin Griffiths
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134178964
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 7943
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International relations theory has been the site of intense debate in recent years. A decade ago it was still possible to divide the field between three main perspectives – Realism, Liberalism, and Marxism. Not only have these approaches evolved in new directions, they have been joined by a number of new ‘isms’ vying for attention, including feminism and constructivism. International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century is the first comprehensive textbook to provide an overview of all the most important theories within international relations. Written by an international team of experts in the field, the book covers both traditional approaches, such as realism and liberal internationalism, as well as new developments such as constructivism, poststructuralism and postcolonialism. The book’s comprehensive coverage of IR theory makes it the ideal textbook for teachers and students who want an up-to-date survey of the rich variety of theoretical work and for readers with no prior exposure to the subject.

Trust in International Relations

Trust in International Relations

Rationalist, Constructivist, and Psychological Approaches

  • Author: Hiski Haukkala,Johanna Vuorelma,Carina Van De Wetering
  • Publisher: Routledge Global Cooperation Series
  • ISBN: 9781138630086
  • Category: Constructivism (Psychology)
  • Page: 188
  • View: 7919
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Trust is a core concept in International Relations (IR), representing a key ingredient in state relations. It was only relatively recently that IR scholars began to probe what trust really is, how it can be studied, and how it affects state relations. In the process three distinct ways of theorising trust in IR have emerged: trust as a rational choice calculation, as a social phenomenon or as a psychological dimension. Trust in International Relations explores trust through these different lenses using case studies to analyse the relative strengths and weaknesses of different approaches. The case studies cover relations between: United States and India ASEAN and Southeast Asian countries Finland and Sweden USA and Egypt The European Union and Russia Turkey's relations with the West This book provides insights with real-world relevance in the fields of crisis and conflict management, and will be of great interest for students and scholars of IR, security studies and development studies who are looking to develop a more sophisticated understanding of how different theories of trust can be used in different situations.

Zum ewigen Frieden, ein philosophischer Entwurf

Zum ewigen Frieden, ein philosophischer Entwurf

  • Author: Immanuel Kant
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7443
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Constructivism and Rationalism

Constructivism and Rationalism

Antagonistic or Complementary?

  • Author: Samuel Schmid
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3640904605
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 6
  • View: 2772
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Essay from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - General and Theories, grade: 1.0, University of Luzern, course: Hauptseminar "International Cooperation", language: English, abstract: With the so-called constructivist turn in the social sciences, the relevance of ideational elements for (the construction of) social reality has been increasingly acknowledged. In political science, ideas and norms were always a concern, but never became central until this turn that started out around 1990 (Finnemore and Sikkink 1998: 890). So, it is rather a return to traditional positions and research interests than a mere turn, but with the decisive difference that ideational factors (such as ideas, norms, frames, paradigms, identities etc.) are viewed as the most pivotal ingredients for political results – at least by constructivists themselves (ibid. 888). Rationalists apparently reject these assumptions by labeling interests and according rational behavior as the most crucial elements for political outcomes. Thus, in International Relations Theory, “[t]he opposition of constructivist and ‘rationalist’ arguments that has become widespread [...] implies that the issues constructivists study (norms, identities) are not rational and, similarly, that ‘rationalists’ cannot or do not treat norms or identities in their research programs” (Finnemore and Sikkink 1998: 909). But is that really true? Do rationalism and constructivism exclude each other in this respect? Or, in other words, are concepts like ideas, norms, and identities more antagonistic than complementary to the notion of rational utility-maximization? In this essay, I argue that, while materialism (as in classical realism) is clearly opposed to constructivism, rationalism is more complementary than contradictory to constructivism (or vice-versa; see Hurd 2010). Furthermore, this view could also lead to a more fruitful debate. In order to show this, first, the three approaches relevant here (materialism, rationalism, and constructivism) are outlined in relation to each other. Second, the core assumptions of constructivism are discussed in light of this context. Third, I reflect on ideas and interests – which are often seen as antagonistic concepts – and show how their relationship is more complex than normally considered. Finally, the concluding discussion tries to come up with a potential answer to the outlined question.

Cosmopolitan Power in International Relations

Cosmopolitan Power in International Relations

A Synthesis of Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism

  • Author: Giulio M. Gallarotti
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139489941
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4633
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How can nations optimize their power in the modern world system? Realist theory has underscored the importance of hard power as the ultimate path to national strength. In this vision, nations require the muscle and strategies to compel compliance and achieve their full power potential. But in fact, changes in world politics have increasingly encouraged national leaders to complement traditional power resources with more enlightened strategies oriented around the use of soft power resources. The resources to compel compliance have to be increasingly integrated with the resources to cultivate compliance. Only through this integration of hard and soft power can nations truly achieve their greatest strength in modern world politics, and this realization carries important implications for competing paradigms of international relations. The idea of power optimization can only be delivered through the integration of the three leading paradigms of international relations: Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism.