Search Results for "constructivism-and-international-relations"

Constructivism and International Relations

Constructivism and International Relations

Alexander Wendt and His Critics

  • Author: Stefano Guzzini,Anna Leander
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134319592
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 5212
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This new book unites in one volume some of the most prominent critiques of Alexander Wendt's constructivist theory of international relations and includes the first comprehensive reply by Wendt. Partly reprints of benchmark articles, partly new original critiques, the critical chapters are informed by a wide array of contending theories ranging from realism to poststructuralism. The collected leading theorists critique Wendt’s seminal book Social Theory of International Politics and his subsequent revisions. They take issue with the full panoply of Wendt’s approach, such as his alleged positivism, his critique of the realist school, the conceptualism of identity, and his teleological theory of history. Wendt’s reply is not limited to rebuttal only. For the first time, he develops his recent idea of quantum social science, as well as its implications for theorising international relations. This unique volume will be a necessary companion to Wendt’s book for students and researchers seeking a better understanding of his work, and also offers one of the most up-to-date collections on constructivist theorizing.

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

An Ideational Alliance

  • Author: Vaughn P. Shannon,Paul A. Kowert
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 0472117998
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 277
  • View: 4235
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Psychology and constructivism together offer new ways of understanding international relations

Power, Realism and Constructivism

Power, Realism and Constructivism

  • Author: Stefano Guzzini
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415640466
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 341
  • View: 5105
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Framed by a new and substantial introductory chapter, this book collects Stefano Guzzini's reference articles and some less well-known publications on power, realism and constructivism. By analysing theories and their assumptions, but also theorists following their intellectual paths, his analysis explores the diversity of different schools, and moves beyond simple definitions to explore their intrinsic tensions and fallacies. Guzzini's approach to the analysis of power – within and outside International Relations – provides the common theme of the book through which the theoretical state of the art in IR is reassessed. A novel analysis of power and the potential limits of realism and constructivism in International Relations, Power, Realism and Constructivism will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, international political economy, social and political theory, and the study of power.

Constructivism in International Relations

Constructivism in International Relations

The Politics of Reality

  • Author: Maja Zehfuss
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521894661
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 289
  • View: 1385
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Maja Zehfuss' book offers a fundamental critique of constructivism, focusing on the work of Wendt, Onuf and Kratochwil. Using Germany's shift towards participation in international military operations as an illustration, she demonstrates why each version of constructivism fails in its own project and comes apart on the basis of its own assumptions. Inspired by Derridean thought, this book highlights the political consequences of constructivist representations of reality. Each critique concludes that constructivist notions of key concepts are impossible, and that this is not merely a question of theoretical inconsistency, but of politics. The book is premised on the notion that the 'empirical' and the 'theoretical' are less separate than is acknowledged in international relations, and must be read as intertwined. Zehfuss examines the scholars' role in international relations, worrying that, by looking to constructivism as the future, they will be severely curtailing their ability to act responsibly in this area.

Trust in International Relations

Trust in International Relations

Rationalist, Constructivist, and Psychological Approaches

  • Author: Hiski Haukkala,Johanna Vuorelma,Carina Van De Wetering
  • Publisher: Routledge Global Cooperation Series
  • ISBN: 9781138630086
  • Category: Constructivism (Psychology)
  • Page: 188
  • View: 7362
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Trust is a core concept in International Relations (IR), representing a key ingredient in state relations. It was only relatively recently that IR scholars began to probe what trust really is, how it can be studied, and how it affects state relations. In the process three distinct ways of theorising trust in IR have emerged: trust as a rational choice calculation, as a social phenomenon or as a psychological dimension. Trust in International Relations explores trust through these different lenses using case studies to analyse the relative strengths and weaknesses of different approaches. The case studies cover relations between: United States and India ASEAN and Southeast Asian countries Finland and Sweden USA and Egypt The European Union and Russia Turkey's relations with the West This book provides insights with real-world relevance in the fields of crisis and conflict management, and will be of great interest for students and scholars of IR, security studies and development studies who are looking to develop a more sophisticated understanding of how different theories of trust can be used in different situations.

Realist Constructivism

Realist Constructivism

Rethinking International Relations Theory

  • Author: J. Samuel Barkin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139484400
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8651
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Realism and constructivism, two key contemporary theoretical approaches to the study of international relations, are commonly taught as mutually exclusive ways of understanding the subject. Realist Constructivism explores the common ground between the two, and demonstrates that, rather than being in simple opposition, they have areas of both tension and overlap. There is indeed space to engage in a realist constructivism. But at the same time, there are important distinctions between them, and there remains a need for a constructivism that is not realist, and a realism that is not constructivist. Samuel Barkin argues more broadly for a different way of thinking about theories of international relations, that focuses on the corresponding elements within various approaches rather than on a small set of mutually exclusive paradigms. Realist Constructivism provides an interesting new way for scholars and students to think about international relations theory.

Making Sense, Making Worlds

Making Sense, Making Worlds

Constructivism in Social Theory and International Relations

  • Author: Nicholas Onuf
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136219463
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 3045
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Nicholas Onuf is a leading scholar in international relations and introduced constructivism to international relations, coining the term constructivism in his book World of Our Making (1989). He was featured as one of twelve scholars featured in Iver B. Neumann and Ole Wæver, eds., The Future of International Relations: Masters in the Making? (1996); and featured in Martin Griffiths, Steven C. Roach and M. Scott Solomon, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, 2nd ed. (2009). This powerful collection of essays clarifies Onuf’s approach to international relations and makes a decisive contribution to the debates in IR concerning theory. It embeds the theoretical project in the wider horizon of how we understand ourselves and the world. Onuf updates earlier themes and his general constructivist approach, and develops some newer lines of research, such as the work on metaphors and the re-grounding in much more Aristotle than before. A complement to the author’s groundbreaking book of 1989, World of Our Making, this tightly argued book draws extensively from philosophy and social theory to advance constructivism in International Relations. Making Sense, Making Worlds will be vital reading for students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, social theory and law.

Social Theory of International Politics

Social Theory of International Politics

  • Author: Alexander Wendt
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107268435
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1007
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Drawing upon philosophy and social theory, Social Theory of International Politics develops a theory of the international system as a social construction. Alexander Wendt clarifies the central claims of the constructivist approach, presenting a structural and idealist worldview which contrasts with the individualism and materialism which underpins much mainstream international relations theory. He builds a cultural theory of international politics, which takes whether states view each other as enemies, rivals or friends as a fundamental determinant. Wendt characterises these roles as 'cultures of anarchy', described as Hobbesian, Lockean and Kantian respectively. These cultures are shared ideas which help shape state interests and capabilities, and generate tendencies in the international system. The book describes four factors which can drive structural change from one culture to another - interdependence, common fate, homogenization, and self-restraint - and examines the effects of capitalism and democracy in the emergence of a Kantian culture in the West.

Epistemic Communities, Constructivism, and International Environmental Politics

Epistemic Communities, Constructivism, and International Environmental Politics

  • Author: Peter M. Haas
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317511395
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 398
  • View: 4090
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Epistemic Communities, Constructivism and International Environmental Politics brings together 25 years of publications by Peter M. Haas. The book examines how the world has changed significantly over the last 100 years, discusses the need for new, constructivist scholarship to understand the dynamics of world politics, and highlights the role played by transnational networks of professional experts in global governance. Combining an intellectual history of epistemic communities with theoretical arguments and empirical studies of global environmental conferences, as well as international organizations and comparative studies of international environmental regimes, this book presents a broad picture of social learning on the global scale. In addition to detailing the changes in the international system since the Industrial Revolution, Haas discusses the technical nature of global environmental threats. Providing a critical reading of discourses about environmental security, this book explores governance efforts to deal with global climate change, international pollution control, stratospheric ozone, and European acid rain. With a new general introduction and the addition of introductory pieces for each section, this collection offers a retrospective overview of the author’s work and is essential reading for students and scholars of environmental politics, international relations and global politics.

An Introduction to International Relations

An Introduction to International Relations

  • Author: Richard Devetak,Jim George,Sarah Percy
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108298869
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7747
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An Introduction to International Relations is a comprehensive introduction to the history, theories, developments and debates that shape the dynamic discipline of international relations and contemporary world politics. Bringing together an expert author team comprising leading academics from Australia and around the world, it allows readers to explore the discipline from both Australian and global perspectives. Known for its clear, easy-to-read style and relevant, real-world examples, the text has been fully updated and revised to reflect current research and the changing global political climate. This edition features extensive new material on: international history from World War I to World War II; international law; the globalisation of international society; and terrorism. A companion website for instructors offers additional case studies, critical thinking questions and links to relevant video and web materials that bring international relations theory to life.

The Oxford Handbook of the International Relations of Asia

The Oxford Handbook of the International Relations of Asia

  • Author: Saadia M. Pekkanen,John Ravenhill,Rosemary Foot
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019991625X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 704
  • View: 4056
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In the past quarter century, the importance of Asia in international relations has grown exponentially. This Handbook gathers the most important scholars in the field of Asia's international relations to address this momentous change in world politics. The editors and contributors focus on three basic themes: assessing appropriate theories for explaining the evolution of the international relations of Asian countries within the region and with the rest of the world; tracing the recent history of Asia in world politics; and focusing on emerging trends. The Handbook brings readers the latest scholarship on the bilateral, regional, and global relations of Asian countries in the fields of political economy, national security, and human security. Comprehensive in theme, breadth, and methodology, this Handbook is a timely addition to the existing literature on the changes currently underway in Asian countries that promise to have significant implications for world politics.

Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations

Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations

  • Author: Audie Klotz,Cecelia M. Lynch
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317459253
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 144
  • View: 6137
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Constructivism's basic premise - that individuals and groups are shaped by their world but can also change it - may seem intuitively true. Yet this process-oriented approach can be more difficult to apply than structural or rational choice frameworks. Based on their own experiences and exemplars from the IR literature, well-known authors Audie Klotz and Cecelia Lynch lay out concepts and tools for anyone seeking to apply the constructivist approach in research. Written in jargon-free prose and relevant across the social sciences, this book is essential for anyone trying to sort out appropriate methods for empirical research.

The Oxford Handbook of International Relations

The Oxford Handbook of International Relations

  • Author: Christian Reus-Smit,Duncan Snidal
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019958558X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 772
  • View: 3204
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This Oxford Handbook assembles the world's leading scholars in International Relations to present diverse perspectives about purposes, questions, theories, and methods. It will become the first point of reference for scholars and students interested in these key issues.

Introduction to International Relations

Introduction to International Relations

Theories and Approaches

  • Author: Robert Jackson,Georg Sørensen
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019870755X
  • Category: International relations
  • Page: 384
  • View: 3777
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Introduction to International Relations provides a concise and engaging introduction to the principal international relations theories and, uniquely, explores how theory can be used to analyse contemporary issues.Readers are introduced to the most important theories, encompassing both classical and contemporary approaches and debates. Throughout the text the authors encourage readers to consider the strengths and weaknesses of the theories presented, and the major points of contention between them. In so doing, the text helps the reader to build a clear understanding of how major theoretical debates link up with each other, and how the structure of the discipline of international relations is established.Jackson and Sørensen place a strong emphasis throughout on the relationship between theory and practice, carefully explaining how theories organise and shape our view of the world. A chapter is dedicated to key global issues and how theory can be used as a tool to analyse and interpret these issues. New to this editionIncreased coverage of significant and current issues in global politics, including terrorism, religion, the environment, and war and peaceA substantially updated chapter on the contemporary debates in international political economy, including capitalist diversity, models of development, and inequality New end of chapter questions to encourage readers to link the key theories to practice, highlighting how theories matter

Religion and International Relations Theory

Religion and International Relations Theory

  • Author: Jack L. Snyder
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231153392
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 223
  • View: 3319
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Annotation Through models that integrate religion into the study of international politics, the essays in this collection offer a guide to updating the field.

Turkish Foreign Policy and Turkish Identity

Turkish Foreign Policy and Turkish Identity

A Constructivist Approach

  • Author: Yucel Bozdaglioglu
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135941580
  • Category: History
  • Page: 232
  • View: 5804
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By using the core insights of the constructivist approach in International Relations, this book analyzes the foreign policy behavior of Turkey. It argues that throughout its modern history, Turkey's foreign policy has been affected by its Western identity created in the years following the War of Independence.

Causation in International Relations

Causation in International Relations

Reclaiming Causal Analysis

  • Author: Milja Kurki
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139470760
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1478
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World political processes, such as wars and globalisation, are engendered by complex sets of causes and conditions. Although the idea of causation is fundamental to the field of International Relations, what the concept of cause means or entails has remained an unresolved and contested matter. In recent decades ferocious debates have surrounded the idea of causal analysis, some scholars even questioning the legitimacy of applying the notion of cause in the study of International Relations. This book suggests that underlying the debates on causation in the field of International Relations is a set of problematic assumptions (deterministic, mechanistic and empiricist) and that we should reclaim causal analysis from the dominant discourse of causation. Milja Kurki argues that reinterpreting the meaning, aims and methods of social scientific causal analysis opens up multi-causal and methodologically pluralist avenues for future International Relations scholarship.

Constructivism, Narrative and Foreign Policy Analysis

Constructivism, Narrative and Foreign Policy Analysis

A Case Study of Finland

  • Author: Christopher S. Browning
  • Publisher: Peter Lang
  • ISBN: 9783039105199
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 9091
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Building on constructivist approaches to international relations this book develops a narrative theory of identity, action and foreign policy, which is then applied to account for the evolution of Finnish foreign policy. The book adopts an innovative approach by showing how foreign policy orientations need to be seen as grounded in overlapping and competing sets of identity narratives that reappear in different forms through history. By emphasising the dynamism implicit within identity narratives the book not only challenges traditional rationalist materialist approaches to foreign policy analysis, but also the current tendency to depict the story of Finnish foreign policy, identity and history as one of a gradual move towards a Western location. Rather the book emphasises elements of multiplicity and contingency, whilst re-establishing foreign policy as a highly political process concerned with power and the right to define reality and national subjectivity.

The NGO Challenge for International Relations Theory

The NGO Challenge for International Relations Theory

  • Author: William E. DeMars,Dennis Dijkzeul
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131754207X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 340
  • View: 5370
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It has become commonplace to observe the growing pervasiveness and impact of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). And yet the three central approaches in International Relations (IR) theory, Liberalism, Realism and Constructivism, overlook or ignore the importance of NGOs, both theoretically and politically. Offering a timely reappraisal of NGOs, and a parallel reappraisal of theory in IR—the academic discipline entrusted with revealing and explaining world politics, this book uses practice theory, global governance, and new institutionalism to theorize NGO accountability and analyze the history of NGOs. This study uses evidence from empirical data from Europe, Africa, Latin America, the Middle East and Asia and from studies that range across the issue-areas of peacebuilding, ethnic reconciliation, and labor rights to show IR theory has often prejudged and misread the agency of NGOs. Drawing together a group of leading international relations theorists, this book explores the frontiers of new research on the role of such forces in world politics and is required reading for students, NGO activists, and policy-makers.

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations

The State of the Art

  • Author: Jeffrey L. Dunoff,Mark A. Pollack
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107020743
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 680
  • View: 1025
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This book brings together the most influential contemporary writers in the fields of international law and international relations to take stock of what we know about the making, interpretation, and enforcement of international law. The contributions to this volume critically explore what recent interdisciplinary work reveals about the design and workings of international institutions, the various roles played by international and domestic courts, and the factors that enhance compliance with international law.