Search Results for "copernicus-darwin-and-freud"

Copernicus, Darwin and Freud

Copernicus, Darwin and Freud

Revolutions in the History and Philosophy of Science

  • Author: Friedel Weinert
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1405181834
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 284
  • View: 4027
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Scientific ideas change the way we think about the world and our place in it. Nicolaus Copernicus developed a heliocentric view of the cosmos that displaced humans from the physical center of the universe. Charles Darwin developed an evolutionary theory that placed humans firmly within the organismic order of nature. It was Sigmund Freud who saw himself as completing this cycle of disparagement by destroying the belief that humans were 'masters in their own house'. "Copernicus, Darwin and Freud: Revolutions in the History and Philosophy of Science" deals with issues in the area of intersection between history and philosophy of natural and social science. Using Copernicanism, Darwinism and Freudianism as extended case studies, Friedel Weinert illustrates the profound connections between science and philosophy and shows how scientific theories invariably have philosophical consequences. Philosophical controversies surrounding ideas of human nature, realism and instrumentalism, models and theories, laws of nature and scientific method are all examined within the context of concrete problem situations in the history of science. "Copernicus, Darwin and Freud" is an engaging and versatile text suitable for a variety of courses in the history and philosophy of science or for individual study.

Interpretation and Interaction

Interpretation and Interaction

Psychoanalysis or Psychotherapy?

  • Author: Jerome D. Oremland,Merton M. Gill
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134884109
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 192
  • View: 6859
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In recent decades the relationship between psychoanalysis and psychotherapy has been a focal point for debate about the distinctiveness of analysis as a particular kind of therapeutic enterprise. In Interpretation and Interaction, Jerome Oremland invokes the interventions of "interpretation" and "interaction," rooted in the values of understanding and amelioration, respectively, as a conceptual basis for reappraising these important issues. In place of the commonly accepted triadic division among psychoanalysis, exploratory psychotherapy, and supportive psychotherapy, he proposes a new triad: psychoanalysis, psychoanalytically-oriented psychotherapy, and interactive psychotherapy. Anchoring his classification in what he terms the "orientation of the therapy" rather than the "orientation of the therapist," Oremland submits that analysis and psychoanalytically-oriented psychotherapy strive systematically to interpret the therapeutic interaction as expressed in the transference. Interactive psychotherapy, on the other hand, uses the transference selectively to ameliorate psychic stress. Interpretation and Interaction is enriched by a concluding chapter from Merton Gill, a preeminent authority on the therapeutic process. Gill's critical appreciation of Oremland's proposals amounts to an illuminating refinement of his own position on the relationship between psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. Scholarly in conception, thoughtful in tone, and pragmatic in yield, Interpretation and Interaction is a clarifying addition to the psychoanalytic theory of psychotherapy. It will have the practical consequence, in Gill's words, of "aiding clinicians in retaining their analytic identities and their analytic orientation across the spectrum of their therapeutic work."

A Critique of Psychoanalytic Reason

A Critique of Psychoanalytic Reason

Hypnosis as a Scientific Problem from Lavoisier to Lacan

  • Author: Léon Chertok,Isabelle Stengers
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780804719506
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 319
  • View: 2276
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This original and provocative work begins by examining the shift of scientific paradigms that took place in the late eighteenth century, a shift illustrated by the report of a French Royal Commission appointed in 1784 to investigate Mesmerism. The reactions to Mesmerism among the Commission members--in particular the chemist Lavoisier and the botanist Jussieu--crystallized conflicts about the notion of reason and its role as a scientific ideal, about how science ought to be done. The Commission's denunciation of Mesmerism as the work of the "imagination" then serves as the starting point for the authors' reconsideration of the history of psychoanalysis, notably its suppression and repression of phenomena associated with hypnosis--imagination, suggestion, and empathy--in its search to establish itself as a science in accord with the new ideal of scientific reason. Examining the new and often troubled relationship in psychoanalysis between therapeutic effectiveness and advances in theory, the authors highlight the challenge to Freudian ideals in the 1920's by Otto Rank and Sandor Ferenczi. The discrediting of Ferenczi--engineered to a large extent by Ernest Jones and Freud himself--was an attempt to "purify" psychoanalysis of the effects of suggestion. The authors discuss Freud's own therapeutic nihilism occasioned by his recognition that suggestion, by means of the transference relationship, played an uncontrollable role in psychoanalytic therapy. In assessing Freud's legacy, the authors examine evolving notions of psychoanalysis, especially the role played by the effects of suggestion in recent theoretical representations of the development of the subject. Asserting that hypnosis and the challenge it poses to our understanding of human motivation, reason, and the mind/body relationship constitutes the fourth narcissistic wound to the human ego (after those introduced by Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud), the authors analyze Lacan's rejection of hypnosis and explain current resistance to hypnosis through its challenge to the modern scientific notion of reason.

The Rorty Reader

The Rorty Reader

  • Author: Christopher J. Voparil,Richard J. Bernstein
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1405198311
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 548
  • View: 3597
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"In the last sentence of a posthumously published article, Richard Rorty wrote: "...individual men and women are more fully human when their memories are amply stocked with verses". Equally, we might say that they are more humane and wide-ranging thinkers when their minds are amply stocked with Rorty's subtle thoughts. We should be grateful for the editors of this anthology for giving us so many." Philip Kitcher, Columbia University "Pragmatist," "historicist," "literary," "anti-analytical," "postmodernist," "neo-liberal," "humanist," "ethnocentric" ù all these (and many other) terms have been applied to Richard Rorty, both as compliments and as insults. This careful selection from his writings, along with Christopher Voparil's excellent introduction, explains why. It charts Rorty's many philosophical twists and turns and it illuminates the intellectual and political commitments that provide his thinking with a deep continuity. And it brings back, for a broad audience, Rorty's characteristic voice: both simple and sophisticated, witty and passionate, light-handed and erudite, controversial and accommodating, detailed and sweeping, critical and hopeful ù above all, unmistakably individual and deeply missed." Alexander Nehamas, Princeton University "The Rorty Reader is a remarkable editorial accomplishment. By bringing together a wide variety of Richard Rorty's controversial and yet inspiring writings, Bernstein and Voparil provide an excellent introduction to this important thinker. The addition, their own insightful introductory chapter, makes the collection essential reading for everyone who wants to gain a better understanding of not just the significance of Rorty's philosophical contribution, but that of modern thought in general." Alan Malachowski, University of Stellenbosch The Rorty Reader represents the first comprehensive collection of the writings of Richard Rorty, one of the twentieth century's most influential thinkers, best known for the controversial Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature (1979). Gathering together key essays from over four decades of writings, the volume offers an in-depth introduction to the philosopher's life and prolific body of work. Topics addressed include the continuities and transformations that span Rorty's early training in the history of philosophy, his engagement with the analytic tradition, and the 1979 publication that brought him international renown. Particular attention is devoted to his later political writings, including his turn to literature as the vehicle of moral reflection most suitable to democratic life, and his embrace of philosophy as cultural politics. With selections from The Linguistic Turn (1967), Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature (1979), Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity (1989), Achieving Our Country (1998), and his four volumes of philosophical papers, including Philosophy as Cultural Politics (2007), as well as in-depth interviews and revealing autobiographical pieces, The Rorty Reader offers a compelling and representative view of Rorty's relationship with American pragmatism and the overall intellectual trajectory of his philosophical and political thought. Christopher J. Voparil is on the Graduate Faculty of Union Institute & University in Cincinnati, OH, where he teaches philosophy and political theory. He is the author of Richard Rorty: Politics and Vision (2006), and has published articles in Contemporary Pragmatism, Journal of Speculative Philosophy, Philosophy and Social Criticism, and Education and Culture. He is also the current Secretary of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy. Richard J. Bernstein is Vera List Professor of Philosophy at the New School for Social Research, New York. His most recent book is The Pragmatic Turn (Polity, 2010).

Freud at 150

Freud at 150

21st-century Essays on a Man of Genius

  • Author: Marilyn S. Jacobs
  • Publisher: Jason Aronson
  • ISBN: 9780765705471
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 193
  • View: 9963
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The year 2006 marked the 150th anniversary of the birth of Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis. To commemorate this event, the Austrian government sponsored a number of academic and cultural events. Among these was a historic gathering of representatives of four major United States psychoanalytic organizations, at which prominent members of these organizations gave presentations surveying the wide-ranging influence that Freud has had on history, contemporary society, culture and the arts. These presentations are reproduced in this book as a collection of essays, literary works and remarkable photos of Freud and his contemporaries presented in recognition of Freud's influence on our world.

Freuds Schwester

Freuds Schwester

  • Author: Goce Smilevski
  • Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag
  • ISBN: 3882210621
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 328
  • View: 9223
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Sigmund Freuds Leben ist bis in die letzten Winkel ausgeleuchtet. Doch was wissen wir über den Rest seiner Familie? Goce Smilevski schildert in dieser fiktiven Autobiografie den Lebensweg Adolfines, der einzigen unverheirateten und kinderlosen Schwester Freuds, und wirft damit auch ein neues Licht auf das Leben ihres berühmten Bruders. Über Adolfine, die mit ihren Eltern bis zu deren Tod in einer Wohnung lebte, ist wenig bekannt. Als Sigmund 1938 nach London emigrierte, blieb sie mit ihren drei Schwestern zurück in Wien, wurde deportiert und starb 1943 in Theresienstadt. Ausgehend von diesen Lebensdaten entwirft Smilevski in seinem bildermächtigen Roman ein großes Panorama der Zeit um 1900, er imaginiert Begegnungen mit Klara, der Schwester Gustav Klimts, oder Ottla, Kafkas Schwester, und erweckt jene schillernde Epoche zum Leben mit all ihren gesellschaftlichen und geistigen Um- und Aufbrüchen. Freuds Schwester schildert die Hoffnungen und Sehnsüchte einer Zeit des Aufbruchs aus der Perspektive der Frauen, die sich mit ihrem Schicksal als Unterdrückte nicht mehr widerspruchslos zufriedengeben wollen.

A Companion to Folklore

A Companion to Folklore

  • Author: Regina F. Bendix,Galit Hasan-Rokem
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1444354388
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 696
  • View: 3111
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A Companion to Folklore presents an original and comprehensive collection of essays from international experts in the field of folklore studies. Unprecedented in depth and scope, this state-of-the-art collection uniquely displays the vitality of folklore research across the globe. An unprecedented collection of original, state of the art essays on folklore authored by international experts Examines the practices and theoretical approaches developed to understand the phenomena of folklore Considers folklore in the context of multi-disciplinary topics that include poetics, performance, religious practice, myth, ritual and symbol, oral textuality, history, law, politics and power as well as the social base of folklore Selected by Choice as a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title

Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität

Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität

  • Author: Richard Rorty
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518285817
  • Category: Contingency (Philosophy)
  • Page: 323
  • View: 4845
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Dictionary of Psychopathology

Dictionary of Psychopathology

  • Author: Henry Kellerman
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231146507
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 278
  • View: 3262
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, psychiatric nurses, theoreticians, practitioners, and other allied professionals who together represent the entire arc of the mental health field must be versed in psychopathology, the study of mental and emotional phenomena, abnormal psychology, and specific symptoms and behaviors. Building a reference that speaks to all of these professions and subjects, Henry Kellerman assembles the first dictionary to focus exclusively on psychopathology, featuring more than two thousand entries (over fifteen hundred primary and more than five hundred subentries) on specific symptoms and disorders, general syndromes, facets of personality structure, and diagnosis. He also includes a sampling of benchmark contributions by theoreticians and researchers that cover the history of psychopathology. These contributions reflect those of a psychodynamic nature as well as cognitive and behavioral approaches, and represent the relatively new field of neuropsychoanalysis as well. This branch of neuroscience is concerned with the relation between the brain and the mind, specifically with reference to brain architecture and function. Monitored by a distinguished editorial board, the Dictionary of Psychopathology mostly adheres to the latest DSM nomenclature while also retaining useful residual diagnoses of previous DSM formulations, as well as diagnostic formulations outside of traditional nosologies. The aim of the Dictionary is to broadly contribute to the synthesis of psychopathology.

Sociology and Education

Sociology and Education

Issues in Sociology of Education

  • Author: Nathalie Bulle
  • Publisher: Peter Lang
  • ISBN: 9783039115877
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 310
  • View: 1521
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"Sociology and Education" is a sound introduction to sociology of education. The book examines the respective logics behind the contemporary sociological approaches to education, their assumptions and their limits. It clarifies the links between psychology of cognitive development, micro-sociology and macro-sociology, as well as the role ascribed to human reason in social action. Special attention is given to major scientific discussions and empirical findings regarding inequality of educational opportunity. Rooted in both American and European sociology, the book helps the reader grasp the viewpoint of the different theoretical approaches to formal education and thus to envisage new perspectives.

A History of Media

A History of Media

  • Author: W. Lambert Gardiner
  • Publisher: Trafford Publishing
  • ISBN: 1553692403
  • Category: History
  • Page: 225
  • View: 5027
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This history of media is organized around four generations. The first (memory & speech) anchors history within pre-history; the second (print & film), third (telephone & television), and fourth (multimedia & internet) are described as extensions of the nervous system.

The Fourth Discontinuity

The Fourth Discontinuity

The Co-Evolution of Humans and Machines

  • Author: Bruce Mazlish
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300065121
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 271
  • View: 7691
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book draws on history and legend, science and science fiction to consider the complex relationship between humans and machines. Bruce Mazlish argues that just as Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud overturned our illusions of separation from and domination over the cosmos, the animal world, and the unconscious, it is now necessary to relinquish a fourth fallacy or discontinuity-that humans are separate from the machines we make.

Nature and Experience in the Culture of Delusion

Nature and Experience in the Culture of Delusion

How Industrial Society Lost Touch with Reality

  • Author: D. Kidner
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230391362
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 327
  • View: 5106
DOWNLOAD NOW »
While the historical development of symbolic power has benefitted humanity enormously, there is an insidious and seldom recognised price that goes beyond environmental degradation and cultural disintegration. With insights from both social and natural sciences, this book explores the changing character of subjectivity in contemporary life.

Earth's Deep History

Earth's Deep History

How It Was Discovered and Why It Matters

  • Author: Martin J. S. Rudwick
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022620409X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 392
  • View: 4257
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Earth has been witness to mammoths and dinosaurs, global ice ages, continents colliding or splitting apart, and comets and asteroids crashing catastrophically to the surface, as well as the birth of humans who are curious to understand it. But how was all this discovered? How was the evidence for it collected and interpreted? And what kinds of people have sought to reconstruct this past that no human witnessed or recorded? In this sweeping and accessible book, Martin J. S. Rudwick, the premier historian of the Earth sciences, tells the gripping human story of the gradual realization that the Earth’s history has not only been unimaginably long but also astonishingly eventful. Rudwick begins in the seventeenth century with Archbishop James Ussher, who famously dated the creation of the cosmos to 4004 BC. His narrative later turns to the crucial period of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, when inquisitive intellectuals, who came to call themselves “geologists,” began to interpret rocks and fossils, mountains and volcanoes, as natural archives of Earth’s history. He then shows how this geological evidence was used—and is still being used—to reconstruct a history of the Earth that is as varied and unpredictable as human history itself. Along the way, Rudwick rejects the popular view of this story as a conflict between science and religion and shows how the modern scientific account of the Earth’s deep history retains strong roots in Judaeo-Christian ideas. Extensively illustrated, Earth’s Deep History is an engaging and impressive capstone to Rudwick’s distinguished career. Though the story of the Earth is inconceivable in length, Rudwick moves with grace from the earliest imaginings of our planet’s deep past to today’s scientific discoveries, proving that this is a tale at once timeless and timely.

The Collected Papers of Roger Money-Kyrle

The Collected Papers of Roger Money-Kyrle

  • Author: Roger Money-Kyrle
  • Publisher: Karnac Books
  • ISBN: 1781815232
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 512
  • View: 3487
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Thirty-five papers from a variety of technical and intellectual journals trace fifty years of distinguished service to psychoanalysis, sociology, politics and anthropology.

The Edinburgh Encyclopedia of Continental Philosophy

The Edinburgh Encyclopedia of Continental Philosophy

  • Author: Simon Glendinning
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9781579581527
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 685
  • View: 8288
DOWNLOAD NOW »
First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Soul in the Brain

The Soul in the Brain

The Cerebral Basis of Language, Art, and Belief

  • Author: Michael R. Trimble
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801884818
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 290
  • View: 4678
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this provocative study, Dr. Michael R. Trimble tackles the interrelation among brain function (especially language), neuropsychiatric disorders, and religion. By studying the breakdown of language in several neuropsychiatric disorders, scientists can identify areas of the brain involved with metaphor, poetry, music, and religion. Drawing on evidence from neuroanatomy, Trimble argues that religious experiences, including rituals and belief in God, are biologically derived and a product of our brains.

What Makes Us Think?

What Makes Us Think?

A Neuroscientist and a Philosopher Argue about Ethics, Human Nature, and the Brain

  • Author: Jean-Pierre Changeux,Paul Ricoeur
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691092850
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 352
  • View: 7121
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Will understanding our brains help us to know our minds? Or is there an unbridgeable distance between the work of neuroscience and the workings of human consciousness? In an exchange between neuroscientist Jean-Pierre Changeux and philosopher Paul Ricoeur, this book explores the fraught territory between these divergent approaches--and comes to a deeper, more complex perspective on human nature. Ranging across diverse traditions, from phrenology to PET scans and from Spinoza to Charles Taylor, this book revolves around a central issue: the relation between the facts (or "what is") of science and the prescriptions (or "what ought to be") of ethics. Changeux and Ricoeur bring an unusual depth of engagement and breadth of knowledge to each other's subject. In doing so, they make two often hostile disciplines speak to one another in surprising and instructive ways--and speak with all the subtlety and passion of conversation at its best.--From publisher description.

Freud-Legende

Freud-Legende

drei Studien zum psychoanalytischen Denken

  • Author: Samuel M. Webb,Sigmund Freud
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Psychoanalysis
  • Page: 211
  • View: 3337
DOWNLOAD NOW »

A Vast Machine

A Vast Machine

Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming

  • Author: Paul N. Edwards
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262290715
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 546
  • View: 5508
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Global warming skeptics often fall back on the argument that the scientific case for global warming is all model predictions, nothing but simulation; they warn us that we need to wait for real data, "sound science." In A Vast Machine Paul Edwards has news for these skeptics: without models, there are no data. Today, no collection of signals or observations -- even from satellites, which can "see" the whole planet with a single instrument -- becomes global in time and space without passing through a series of data models. Everything we know about the world's climate we know through models. Edwards offers an engaging and innovative history of how scientists learned to understand the atmosphere -- to measure it, trace its past, and model its future.