Search Results for "crystallography"

Crystallography

Crystallography

  • Author: Christian Bök
  • Publisher: Coach House Books
  • ISBN: 9781552451199
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 157
  • View: 1403
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Crystallography is the mineral science whose name means 'lucid writing.' Long out of print, but now available again in an elegant revised edition, this extraordinary work of avant-garde literature explores the boundary between science and poetry, suggesting that to write with clarity in either discipline involves the most intense thought, much like an act of 'lucid dreaming.' The book reveals that, within the sediment of everyday language, poems are the crystalline formations. -- Back cover.

Crystallography

Crystallography

  • Author: Walter Borchardt-Ott
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3662006081
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 303
  • View: 711
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As a self-study guide, course primer or teaching aid, Bor- chardt-Ott's Crystallography is the perfect textbook for students and teachers alike. In fact, it can be used by chemists, mineralogists, physicists and geologists. Based on the author's more than 20 years of teaching experience, the book has numerous line drawings designed especially for the text and a large number of exercises - with solutions - at the end of each chapter. The fourth edition of the original German text has been translated into English for an international readership. The heart of the book is firmly fixed in geometrical crystallography. It is from the concept of the space lattice that symmetry operations, Bravais lattices, space groups and point groups are all developed. Molecular symmetry and crystal formsare treated. Much emphasis is placed on the correspondence between point groups and space groups. The sections on crystal chemistry and X-ray diffraction are intended as an introduction to these fields.

Crystallography

Crystallography

A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: A. M. Glazer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198717598
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 140
  • View: 5624
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Crystals have fascinated us for centuries with their beauty and symmetry, and have often been invested with magical powers. The use of X-ray diffraction, first pioneered in 1912 by father and son William and Lawrence Bragg, enabled us to probe the structure of molecules, and heralded the scientific study of crystals, leading to an understanding of their atomic arrangements at a fundamental level. The new discipline, called X-ray crystallography, has subsequently evolved into a formidable science that underpins many other scientific areas. Starting from the determination of the structures of very simple crystals, such as that of common salt, today it has become almost routine to determine the positions of tens of thousands of atoms in a crystal. In this Very Short Introduction Mike Glazer shows how the discoveries in crystallography have been applied to the creation of new and important materials, to drugs and pharmaceuticals and to our understanding of genetics, cell biology, proteins, and viruses. Tracing the history of crystallography, he analyses astonishing developments in new sources of X-rays, as well as of neutrons, and in electron microscopy, and considers the impact they have on the study of crystals today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Introduction to Crystallography

Introduction to Crystallography

  • Author: Donald E. Sands
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486136809
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 8018
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Clear, concise explanation of logical development of basic crystallographic concepts. Topics include crystals and lattices, symmetry, x-ray diffraction, and more. Problems, with answers. 114 illustrations. 1969 edition.

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

  • Author: Christopher Hammond
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198738676
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 528
  • View: 7083
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" International Union of Crystallography."

An Introduction to X-ray Crystallography

An Introduction to X-ray Crystallography

  • Author: Michael M. Woolfson,M. M.. Woolfson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521423595
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 402
  • View: 5459
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A textbook for the student beginning a serious study of X-ray crystallography.

Fundamentals of Crystallography

Fundamentals of Crystallography

  • Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780198509585
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 825
  • View: 4569
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Crystallography and structure theory have recently received increasing interest due to their role in understanding biological structures, high-temperature superconductors, and effects on mineral properties related to changes in temperature and pressure. This text offers an account of the wide range of crystallography in various branches of science.The fundamentals, the most frequently used procedures, and experimental techniques are all described, and a number of appendices are devoted to more specialist aspects. The book is an updated edition with emphasis on the range of topical applications. Illustrations should help to clarify the subject matter. To provide a better understanding of the basics of crystallography, a compact disk has been added to this edition, offering the facilities of modern graphics to simulate experiments, show complex images, and provide a number of exercises.

A Treatise on Crystallography

A Treatise on Crystallography

  • Author: William Hallowes Miller
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Crystallography
  • Page: 139
  • View: 2686
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Crystallography and Crystal Defects

Crystallography and Crystal Defects

  • Author: Anthony Kelly,Kevin M. Knowles
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470750146
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 521
  • View: 9054
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This new edition updates readers with the latest concepts of crystallography in a clear, succinct manner, and describes their application in line and planar defects in crystalline materials, quasicrystals, and crystal interfaces. The coverage begins with a chapter on lattice geometry, followed by crystal systems and crystal structures.

A Basic Course in Crystallography

A Basic Course in Crystallography

  • Author: J. A. K. Tareen,T. R. N. Kutty
  • Publisher: Universities Press
  • ISBN: 9788173713606
  • Category: Crystallography
  • Page: 214
  • View: 930
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Some Statistical Applications in X-ray Crystallography

Some Statistical Applications in X-ray Crystallography

  • Author: Ramachandran Srinivasan,S. Parthasarathy
  • Publisher: Pergamon
  • ISBN: 9780080180465
  • Category: Radiocristallographie - Méthodes statistiques
  • Page: 248
  • View: 8167
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Crystallography and Surface Structure

Crystallography and Surface Structure

An Introduction for Surface Scientists and Nanoscientists

  • Author: Klaus Hermann
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527633316
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 270
  • View: 7922
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A valuable learning tool as well as a reference, this book provides students and researchers in surface science and nanoscience with the theoretical crystallographic foundations, which are necessary to understand local geometries and symmetries of bulk crystals, including ideal single crystal surfaces. The author deals with the subject at an introductory yet mathematically sound level, providing numerous graphic examples to keep the math in context. The book brings together and logically connects many seemingly disparate structural issues and notations used frequently by surface scientists and nanoscientists. Numerous exercises of varying difficulty, ranging from simple questions to small research projects, are included to stimulate discussions about the different subjects.

X-Ray Crystallography of Biomacromolecules

X-Ray Crystallography of Biomacromolecules

A Practical Guide

  • Author: Albrecht Messerschmidt
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527609679
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 318
  • View: 7675
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Written by one of the most significant contributors to the progress of protein crystallography, this practical guide contains case studies, a troubleshooting section and pointers on data interpretation. It covers the theory, practice and latest achievements in x-ray crystallography, such that any researcher in structural biology will benefit from this extremely clearly written book. Part A covers the theoretical basis and such experimental techniques as principles of x-ray diffraction, solutions for the phase problem and time-resolved x-ray crystallography. Part B includes case studies for different kinds of x-ray crystal structure determination, such as the MIRAS and MAD techniques, molecular replacement, and the difference Fourier technique.

Introduction to Crystallography

Introduction to Crystallography

  • Author: Christopher Hammond
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780198564331
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 132
  • View: 3127
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In this newly revised and updated edition of Hammond's successful and popular text, the reader is introduced to the basic concepts of crystallography. A step-by-step approach provides a clear account of symmetry and crystal structures. The new edition features a final chapter on the geometrical construction of diffraction patterns and a helpful appendix on vectors and their use in crystallography. The book begins with a description of simple crystal lattices and then uses two-dimensional patterns to introduce the concept of symmetry. These ideas are extended to three dimensions, with a discussion of Bravais lattices, crystal systems, and crystal symmetry. Further chapters cover the description of crystal structures in terms of Miller indices and zone axis symbols; the concept of the reciprocal lattice; and diffraction. Clearly illustrated throughout, the book includes study problems, suggestions for further reading, and a range of useful appendices, and will be of interest and value to students at all levels.

International Tables for Crystallography, Volume B

International Tables for Crystallography, Volume B

Reciprocal Space

  • Author: Uri Shmueli
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402082054
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 696
  • View: 7912
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International Tables for Crystallography are no longer available for purchase from Springer. For further information please contact Wiley Inc. (follow the link on the right hand side of this page). Volume B presents accounts of the numerous aspects of reciprocal space in crystallographic research. After an introductory chapter, Part 1 presents the reader with an account of structure-factor formalisms, an extensive treatment of the theory, algorithms and crystallographic applications of Fourier methods, and fundamental as well as advanced treatments of symmetry in reciprocal space. In Part 2, these general accounts are followed by detailed expositions of crystallographic statistics, the theory of direct methods, Patterson techniques, isomorphous replacement and anomalous scattering, and treatments of the role of electron microscopy and diffraction in crystal structure determination, including applications of direct methods to electron crystallography. Part 3 deals with applications of reciprocal space to molecular geometry and `best'-plane calculations, and contains a treatment of the principles of molecular graphics and modelling and their applications. A convergence-acceleration method of importance in the computation of approximate lattice sums is presented and the part concludes with a discussion of the Ewald method. Part 4 contains treatments of various diffuse-scattering phenomena arising from crystal dynamics, disorder and low dimensionality (liquid crystals), and an exposition of the underlying theories and/or experimental evidence. Polymer crystallography and reciprocal-space images of aperiodic crystals are also treated. Part 5 of the volume contains introductory treatments of the theory of the interaction of radiation with matter (dynamical theory) as applied to X-ray, electron and neutron diffraction techniques. The simplified trigonometric expressions for the structure factors in the 230 three-dimensional space groups, which appeared in Volume I of International Tables for X-ray Crystallography, are now given in Appendix 1.4.3 to Chapter 1.4 of this volume. Volume B is a vital addition to the library of scientists engaged in crystal structure determination, crystallographic computing, crystal physics and other fields of crystallographic research. Graduate students specializing in crystallography will find much material suitable for self-study and a rich source of references to the relevant literature.

Structural Electron Crystallography

Structural Electron Crystallography

  • Author: D.L. Dorset
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780306450495
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 452
  • View: 4164
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Drawing on the work of B.K. Vainshtein and others, this account of the technique used in modern structural research emphasizes the quantitative determination of crystal structures from electron diffraction data. The first five chapters provide an overview of quantitative crystallography using the el

Introduction to Macromolecular Crystallography

Introduction to Macromolecular Crystallography

  • Author: Alexander McPherson
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118210638
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 5375
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A comprehensive and approachable introduction to crystallography — now updated in a valuable new edition The Second Edition of this well-received book continues to offer the most concise, authoritative, and easy-to-follow introduction to the field of crystallography. Dedicated to providing a complete, basic presentation of the subject that does not assume a background in physics or math, the book's content flows logically from basic principles to methods, such as those for solving phase problems, interpretation of Patterson maps and the difference Fourier method, the fundamental theory of diffraction and the properties of crystals, and applications in determining macromolecular structure. This new edition includes a vast amount of carefully updated materials, as well as two completely new chapters on recording and compiling X-ray data and growing crystals of proteins and other macromolecules. Richly illustrated throughout to clarify difficult concepts, this book takes a non-technical approach to crystallography that is ideal for professionals and graduate students in structural biology, biophysics, biochemistry, and molecular biology who are studying the subject for the first time.

Protein Crystallography

Protein Crystallography

A Concise Guide

  • Author: Eaton E. Lattman,Patrick J. Loll
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 0801896843
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 152
  • View: 6019
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The crisp writing style and simple illustrations will provide beginner crystallographers with a guide to the process of unraveling protein structure.

Crystallography and the World of Symmetry

Crystallography and the World of Symmetry

  • Author: Sanat K. Chatterjee
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 354069899X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 152
  • View: 2501
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Symmetry exists in realms from crystals to patterns, in external shapes of living or non-living objects, as well as in the fundamental particles and the physical laws that govern them. In fact, the search for this symmetry is the driving force for the discovery of many fundamental particles and the formulation of many physical laws. While one can not imagine a world which is absolutely symmetrical nor can one a world which is absolutely asymmetrical. These two aspects of nature are intermingled with each other inseparably. This is the basis of the existence of aperiodicity manifested in the liquid crystals and also quasi-crystals also discussed in “Crystallography and the World of Symmetry”.

X-ray Crystallography

X-ray Crystallography

  • Author: William Clegg
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0198700970
  • Category: X-ray crystallography
  • Page: 128
  • View: 6783
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The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout the texts show the relevance of the chemistry being described to current research and industry. Learning features provided in the primers, including questions at the end of every chapter and interactive online MCQs, encourage active learning and promote understanding. Furthermore, frequent diagrams, margin notes, further reading, and glossary definitions all help to enhance a student's understanding of these essential areas of chemistry. This primer provides a succinct account of the technique of X-ray crystallography for determining structure in the solid state. Engaging examples of practical applications are described throughout, emphasising the importance of this field to modern research and industry. Furthermore, end of chapter exercises and online multiple choice questions enable students to test their own understanding of the subject. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany X-Ray Crystallography features: For registered adopters of the text: * Figures from the book available to download For students: * Downloadable CIF data files * Multiple-choice questions for self-directed learning * Full worked solutions to the end-of-chapter exercises