Search Results for "cultural-rights-in-international-law-and-discourse"

Cultural Rights in International Law and Discourse

Cultural Rights in International Law and Discourse

Contemporary Challenges and Interdisciplinary Perspectives

  • Author: Stephenson Chow
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004328580
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 300
  • View: 3599
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In Cultural Rights in International Law and Discourse, Pok Yin S. Chow explains why the very understanding of ‘culture’ as described in international human rights law failed to capture and address the cultural concerns of groups and communities worldwide.

Minority Groups and Judicial Discourse in International Law

Minority Groups and Judicial Discourse in International Law

A Comparative Perspective

  • Author: Gaetano Pentassuglia
  • Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • ISBN: 9004176721
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 276
  • View: 9937
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Set against previous stages of minority protection under international law, this book discusses the role of courts and court-like bodies, particularly in the Americas, Africa and Europe in articulating and accommodating the interests and needs of ethno-cultural minority groups as part of the human rights discourse. Conceptually, it exposes different moments of intervention by such bodies involving the recognition of group existence or identity, the adjustment of human rights norms to accommodate the group's perspectives, the establishment of processes designed to address the complexities resulting from competing claims, and the expansion of procedural avenues within litigation. The result is a fresh comparative practical and theoretical perspective on international jurisprudence as an emerging distinctive component in the complex history of the field.

Cultural Rights in International Law

Cultural Rights in International Law

Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Beyond

  • Author: Elsa Stamatopoulou
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004157522
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 333
  • View: 9450
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Drawing from a comprehensive review of legal instruments, practice, jurisprudence and literature, and using a multidisciplinary approach, this unique book brings forth the full spectrum of cultural rights, as individual and collective human rights, and offers a compelling vision for public policy.

Human Rights and Development in International Law

Human Rights and Development in International Law

  • Author: Tahmina Karimova
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317351649
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 357
  • View: 4561
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This book addresses the legal issues raised by the interaction between human rights and development in contemporary international law. In particular, it charts the parameters of international law that states have to take into account in order to protect human rights in the process of development. In doing so, it departs from traditional analyses, where human rights are mainly considered as a political dimension of development. Rather, the book suggests focusing on human rights as a system of international norms establishing minimum standards of protection of individuals and minimum standards applicable in all circumstances on what is essential for a dignified existence. The various dimensions covered in the book include: the discourse on human rights and development interrelationship, particularly opinio juris and the practice of states on the question; the notion of international assistance and cooperation in human rights law, under legal regimes such as international humanitarian law, and emerging rules in the area of protection of persons in the event of disasters; the extraterritorial scope of economic, social and cultural rights treaties; and legal principles on the respect for human rights in externally designed and planned development activities. Analysis of these topics sheds light on the question of whether international law as it stands today addresses most of the issues concerning the protection of human rights in the development process.

Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

  • Author: Gilles Giacca
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191026913
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 414
  • View: 2444
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This book addresses the international legal obligation to protect economic, social, and cultural human rights in times of armed conflict and other situations of armed violence. These rights provide guarantees to individuals of their fundamental rights to work, to an adequate standard of living (food, water, housing), to education, and to health. Armed violence can take many forms, from civil unrest or protest and other forms of internal disturbances and tensions to higher levels of violence that may amount to armed conflict, whether of an international or of a non-international character. However, in all such cases the protection of ESC rights is sorely challenged. Situations of actual or potential violence present a number of challenges to the application and implementation of human rights law in general and socio-economic rights obligations more specifically. This book sets out the legal framework, defining what constitutes a minimum universal standard of human rights protection applicable in all circumstances. It assesses the concept and content of ESC rights' obligations, and evaluates how far they can be legally applicable in various scenarios of armed violence. By looking at the specific human rights treaty provisions, it discusses how far ESC rights obligations can be affected by practical and legal challenges to their implementation. The book addresses the key issues facing the protection of such rights in times of armed conflict: the legal conditions to limit ESC rights on security grounds, including the use of force; the extraterritorial applicability of international human rights treaties setting out ESC rights; the relationship between human rights law and international humanitarian law; and the obligations of non-state actors under human rights law and with particular relevance to the protection of ESC rights. The book assesses the nature of these potential challenges to the protection of ESC rights, and offers solutions to reinforce their continued application.

Justifications of Minority Protection in International Law

Justifications of Minority Protection in International Law

  • Author: Athanasia Spiliopoulou Åkermark
  • Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • ISBN: 9789041104243
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 331
  • View: 2029
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1993-1995.

International Poverty Law

International Poverty Law

An Emerging Discourse

  • Author: Lucy Williams
  • Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1848137109
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7338
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This book seeks to advance the emerging field of international poverty law. While law and development discourse has dealt with international poverty, advocates of poverty reduction customarily operate within a nation-state context. The contributors to this volume, while largely, although not exclusively, relying on human rights discourse and United Nations, International Labour Organization and World Trade Organization initiatives as their primary legal sources, begin to position international poverty law as a legitimate field for transnational, multidisciplinary legal research and dialogue. While critiquing both legal theory and current policy, they nevertheless open up a constructive prospect of specific arenas in which the development of international poverty law can contribute to addressing poverty reduction. The opening chapters of this volume provide a framework within which to position the future theoretical development of international poverty law. The rest of the book explores specific human rights initiatives that address particular aspects of poverty. These include an overview of human rights conventions and how they can be connected to international poverty law; measures required to counter the tendency of intellectual property law as applied to biological products and processes to undermine food security; the right to food as framed in United Nations development documents; the potential role that voluntary codes of conduct currently being adopted by some transnational corporations might play in poverty reduction; and the startlingly important development in the new South Africa of an alternative vision of constitutional law that takes account of international human rights instruments in moving towards rendering social and economic rights justifiable.

Transformations in Medieval and Early-Modern Rights Discourse

Transformations in Medieval and Early-Modern Rights Discourse

  • Author: Virpi Mäkinen,Petter Korkman
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402042119
  • Category: History
  • Page: 316
  • View: 5611
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Rights language is a fundamental feature of the modern world. Virtually all significant social and political struggles are waged, and have been waged for over a century now, in terms of rights claims. In some ways, it is precisely the birth of modern rights language that ushers in modernity in terms of moral and political thought, and the struggle for a modern way of life seems for many synonymous with the fight for a universal recognition of equal, individual human rights. Where did modern rights language come from? What kinds of rights discourses is it rooted in? What is the specific nature of modern rights discourse; when and where were medieval and ancient notions of rights transformed into it? Can one in fact find any single such transformation of medieval into modern rights discourse? The present volume brings together some of the most central scholars in the history of medieval and early-modern rights discourse. Through the different angles taken by its authors, the volume brings to light the multifaceted nature of rights languages in the medieval and early modern world.

International Law for Common Goods

International Law for Common Goods

Normative Perspectives on Human Rights, Culture and Nature

  • Author: Federico Lenzerini,Ana Filipa Vrdoljak
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1782254706
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 412
  • View: 4527
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International law has long been dominated by the State. But it has become apparent that this bias is unrealistic and untenable in the contemporary world as the rise of the notion of common goods challenges this dominance. These common goods ? typically values (like human rights, rule of law, etc) or common domains (the environment, cultural heritage, space, etc) ? speak to an emergent international community beyond the society of States and the attendant rights and obligations of non-State actors. This book details how three key areas of international law ? human rights, culture and the environment ? are pushing the boundaries in this field. Each category is of current and ongoing significance in legal and public discourse, as illustrated by the Syrian conflict (human rights and international humanitarian law), the destruction of mausoleums and manuscripts in Mali (cultural heritage), and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (the environment). Each exemplifies the need to move beyond a State-focused idea of international law. This timely volume explores how the idea of common goods, in which rights and obligations extend to individuals, groups and the international community, offers one such avenue and reflects on its transformative impact on international law.

Heritage, Culture and Rights

Heritage, Culture and Rights

Challenging Legal Discourses

  • Author: Andrea Durbach,Lucas Lixinski
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1509904247
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 3090
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Cultural heritage law and its response to human rights principles and practice has gained renewed prominence on the international agenda. The recent conflicts in Syria and Mali, China's use of shipwreck sites and underwater cultural heritage to make territorial claims, and the cultural identities of nations post-conflict highlight this field as an emerging global focus. In addition, it has become a forum for the configuration and contestation of cultural heritage, rights and the broader politics of international law. The manifestation of tensions between heritage and human rights are explored in this volume, in particular in relation to heritage and rights in collaboration and in conflict, and heritage as a tool for rights advocacy. This volume also explores these issues from a distinctively legal standpoint, considering the extent to which the legal tools of international human rights law facilitate or hinder heritage protection. Covering a range of issues across Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and Australia, this volume will be of interest to people working in human rights, heritage studies, cultural heritage management and identity politics around the world.

Legal Practice and Cultural Diversity

Legal Practice and Cultural Diversity

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 9780754675471
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 345
  • View: 5798
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This collection considers how contemporary cultural and religious diversity challenges legal practice. Comparative in analysis, this study places particular cases in their widest context, taking into account international and transnational influences.

Language and Culture in EU Law

Language and Culture in EU Law

Multidisciplinary Perspectives

  • Author: Susan Šarčević
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1472428994
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 270
  • View: 1453
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Written by distinguished legal and linguistic scholars and practitioners from the EU institutions, the contributions in this volume provide multidisciplinary perspectives on the vital role of language and culture as key forces shaping the dynamics of EU law. The broad spectrum of topics sheds light on major Europeanization processes at work: the gradual creation of a neutralized EU legal language with uniform concepts, for example, in the DCFR and CESL, and the emergence of a European legal culture. The main focus is on EU multilingual lawmaking, with special emphasis on problems of legal translation and term formation in the multilingual and multicultural European context, including comparative law aspects and an analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of translating from a lingua franca. Of equal importance are issues relating to the multilingual interpretation of EU legislation and case law by the national courts and interpretative techniques of the CJEU, as well as the viability of the autonomy of EU legal concepts and the need for the professionalization of court interpreters Union-wide in response to Directive 2010/64/EU. Offering a good mix of theory and practice, this book is intended for scholars, practitioners and students with a special interest in the legal-linguistic aspects of EU law and their impact on old and new Member States and candidate countries as well.

Human Rights, the Rule of Law, and Development in Africa

Human Rights, the Rule of Law, and Development in Africa

  • Author: Paul Tiyambe Zeleza,Philip J. McConnaughay
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812204514
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 5195
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Changes in human rights environments in Africa over the past decade have been facilitated by astounding political transformations: the rise of mass movements and revolts driven by democratic and developmentalist ideals, as well as mass murder and poverty perpetuated by desperate regimes and discredited global agencies. Human Rights, the Rule of Law, and Development in Africa seeks to make sense of human rights in Africa through the lens of its triumphs and tragedies, its uneven developments and complex demands. The volume makes a significant contribution to the debate about the connections between the protection of human rights and the pursuit of economic development by interrogating the paradigms, politics, and practices of human rights in Africa. Throughout, the essays emphasize that democratic and human rights regimes are products of concrete social struggles, not simply textual or legal discourses. Including some of Africa's leading scholars, jurists, and human rights activists, contributors to the volume diverge from Western theories of African democratization by rejecting the continental view of an Africa blighted by failure, disease, and economic malaise. It argues instead that Africa has strengthened and shaped international law, such as the right to self-determination, inspired by the process of decolonization, and the definition of the refugee. Insisting on the holistic view that human rights are as much about economic and social rights as they are about civil and political rights, the contributors offer novel analyses of African conceptions, experiences, and aspirations of human rights which manifest themselves in complex global, regional, and local idioms. Further, they explore the varied constructions of human rights in African and Western discourses and the roles played by states and NGOs in promoting or subverting human rights. Combining academic analysis with social concern, intellectual discourse with civic engagement, and scholarly research with institution building, this is a compelling and original approach to the question whether externally inspired solutions to African human rights issues have validity in a postcolonial world.

Public Policy in International Economic Law

Public Policy in International Economic Law

The ICESCR in Trade, Finance, and Investment

  • Author: Diane Desierto
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191026484
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 432
  • View: 3076
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States reject inequality when they choose to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), but to date the ICESCR has not yet figured prominently in the policy calculus behind States' international economic decisions. This book responds to the modern challenge of operationalizing the ICESCR, particularly in the context of States' decisions within international trade, finance, and investment. Differentiating between public policy mechanisms and institutional functional mandates in the international trade, finance, and investment systems, this book shows legal and policy gateways for States to feasibly translate their fundamental duties to respect, protect, and fulfil economic, social and cultural rights into their trade, finance, and investment commitments, agreements, and contracts. It approaches the problem of harmonizing social protection objectives under the ICESCR with a State's international economic treaty obligations, from the designing and interpreting international treaty texts, up to the institutional monitoring and empirical analysis of ICESCR compliance. In examining public policy options, the book takes into account around five decades of States' implementation of social protection commitments under the ICESCR; its normative evolution through the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Committee's expanded fact-finding and adjudicative competences under the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR; as well as the critical, dialectical, and deliberative roles of diverse functional interpretive communities within international trade, finance, and investment law. Ultimately, the book shoes how States' ICESCR commitments operate as the normative foundation of their trade, finance, and investment decisions.

Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law

Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law

  • Author: Lucas Lixinski
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191668893
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 296
  • View: 2883
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This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the legal issues around intangible cultural heritage (also known as traditional cultural expressions or folklore). It explores both institutional and substantive responses the law offers to the safeguarding of intangible heritage, relying heavily on critiques internal and external to the law. These external critiques primarily come from the disciplines of anthropology and heritage studies. Intangible cultural heritage is safeguarded on three different levels: international, regional, and national. At the international level, the foremost instrument is the specific UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003). At the regional level, initiatives are undertaken both in schemes of political and economic integration, a common thread being that intangible cultural heritage helps promote a common identity for the region, becoming thus a desirable aspect of the integration process. Domestically, responses range from strong constitutional forms of protection to rather weak policy initiatives aimed primarily at attracting foreign aid. Intangible heritage can also be safeguarded via substantive law, and, in this respect, the book looks at the potential and pitfalls of human rights law, intellectual property tools, and contractual approaches. It investigates how the law works and ought to work towards protecting communities, defined as those from where intangible cultural heritage stems, and to whom benefits of its exploitation must return. The book takes the critiques from anthropological and heritage studies into account in order to posit a re-shaped law, offering tools that can be valuable to both scholars and practitioners when understanding how to safeguard intangible heritage.

International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law

International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law

Towards a New Merger in International Law

  • Author: Roberta Arnold,Noëlle N. R. Quénivet
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004163174
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 596
  • View: 5811
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Drawing upon previous theories on the relationship between human rights law and international humanitarian law, this book examines on the basis of a series of individual case-studies the new theoretical trend arguing for a merge of these two sets of norms.

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

The Legal and Socio-political Aspects

  • Author: Sikander Ahmed Shah
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134074271
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 247
  • View: 6692
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While conventional warfare has an established body of legal precedence, the legality of drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan and elsewhere remains ambiguous. This book explores the legal and political issues surrounding the use of drones in Pakistan. Drawing from international treaty law, customary international law, and statistical data on the impact of the strikes, Sikander Ahmed Shah asks whether drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan are in compliance with international humanitarian law. The book questions how international law views the giving of consent between States for military action, and explores what this means for the interaction between sovereignty and consent. The book goes on to look at the socio-political realities of drone strikes in Pakistan, scrutinizing the impact of drone strikes on both Pakistani politics and US-Pakistan relationships. Topics include the Pakistan army-government relationship, the evolution of international institutions as a result of drone strikes, and the geopolitical dynamics affecting the region. As a detailed and critical examination of the legal and political challenges presented by drone strikes, this book will be essential to scholars and students of the law of armed conflict, security studies, political science and international relations.

Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law

Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law

Theory and Practice from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-First Century

  • Author: Rudolph Peters,Professor of Islamic Studies Rudolph Peters
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521792264
  • Category: History
  • Page: 219
  • View: 6457
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This book, first published in 2006, is an account of the theory and practice of Islamic criminal law.

International Human Rights in Context

International Human Rights in Context

Law, Politics, Morals : Text and Materials

  • Author: Henry J. Steiner,Philip Alston,Ryan Goodman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 019927942X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 1492
  • View: 6924
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The third edition of International Human Rights in Context continues to bring sophisticated and thought-provoking analysis to the study of human rights within its wider social and cultural context. This widely acclaimed interdisciplinary coursebook presents a diverse range of carefully edited primary and secondary materials alongside extensive text, editorial commentary, and study questions. Within its conceptual framework, the book thoroughly covers the major topics of internationalhuman rights: the basic characteristics of international law; evolution of the human rights movement movement; civil, political, economic and social rights; the humanitarian laws of war; globalization; self-determination; women's rights; universalism and cultural relativisim; intergovernmental and nongovernmental institutions; implementation and enforcement; internal application of human rights norms; and the spread of constitutionalism. The third edition has been considerably revised and restructured to incoroprate new themes and topics including: human rights in relation to terrorism amd national security; responsibility of nonstate actors for human rights violations; recent substantial changes in sources and processes of international law; achieved and potential reforrm within UN human rights institution; theories about international organizations and their influence on state behavior. Its scope, challenging enquiries, and clarity make it the ideal companion for human rightsstudents, scholars, advocates and practitioners alike. Online Resource Centre The third edition will be accompanied by a new online resource centre which will house the Annex of Documents, allowing them to be updated between editions.

Between Law and Culture

Between Law and Culture

Relocating Legal Studies

  • Author: Lisa C. Bower,David Theo Goldberg,Michael C. Musheno
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 9780816633814
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 337
  • View: 796
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What happens to legal thought when key terms-society, culture, power, justice, identity-become unsettled? With the boundaries defining sociolegal scholarship undergoing a profound shift, this book explores the intersections of law, culture, and identity. Sexuality, race, sports, and the politics of policing are among the topics the authors take up as they examine how law both reproduces and challenges fundamental notions of order, discipline, and identity. Contributors: Rosemary J. Coombe, U of Toronto; David M. Engel, SUNY, Buffalo; Marjorie Garber, Harvard U; Herman Gray, UC, Santa Cruz; Rona Tamiko Halualani, San José State U; David Harvey, CUNY; Deb Henderson; Yuen J. Huo, UCLA; S. Lily Mendoza, U of Denver; Trish Oberweis, American Justice Institute; Paul A. Passavant, Hobart and William Smith Colleges; Lisa E. Sanchez, U of Illinois; Carl F. Stychin, U of Reading; Tom R. Tyler, New York U; Christine A. Yalda.