Search Results for "darwin-and-international-relations-on-the-evolutionary-origins-of-war-and-ethnic-conflict"

Darwin and International Relations

Darwin and International Relations

On the Evolutionary Origins of War and Ethnic Conflict

  • Author: Bradley A. Thayer
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • ISBN: 0813149703
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 444
  • View: 2344
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Pathbreaking and controversial, Darwin and International Relations offers the first comprehensive analysis of international affairs of state through the lens of evolutionary theory. Bradley A. Thayer provides a new method for investigating and explaining human and state behavior while generating insights into the origins of human and animal warfare, ethnic conflict, and the influence of disease on international relations. Using ethnological and statistical studies of warfare among tribal societies, Thayer argues that humans wage war for reasons predicted by evolutionary theory -- to gain and protect vital resources but also for the physically and emotionally stimulating effects of combat. Thayer demonstrates that an evolutionary understanding of disease will become a more important part of the study of international relations as new strains of diseases emerge and advances in genetics make biological warfare a more effective weapon for states and terrorists. He also explains the deep causes of ethnic conflict by illuminating how xenophobia and ethnocentrism evolved in humans. He notes that these behaviors once contributed to our ancestors' success in radically different environments, but they remain a part of us. Darwin and International Relations makes a major contribution to our understanding of human history and the future of international relations.

The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research

The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research

  • Author: Alex P. Schmid
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136810390
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 736
  • View: 7290
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This major new Handbook synthesises more than two decades of scholarly research, and provides a comprehensive overview of the field of terrorism studies. The content of the Handbook is based on the responses to a questionnaire by nearly 100 experts from more than 20 countries as well as the specific expertise and experience of the volume editor and the various contributors. Together, they guide the reader through the voluminous literature on terrorism, and propose a new consensus definition of terrorism, based on an extensive review of existing conceptualisations. The work also features a large collection of typologies and surveys a wide range of theories of terrorism. Additional chapters survey terrorist databases and provide a guide to available resources on terrorism in libraries and on the Internet. It also includes the most comprehensive World Directory of Extremist, Terrorist and other Organizations associated with Guerrilla Warfare, Political Violence, Protest and Organized- and Cyber-Crime. The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research will be an essential work of reference for students and researchers of terrorism and political violence, security studies, criminology, political science and international relations, and of great interest to policymakers and professionals in the field of counter-terrorism.

Biology and Politics

Biology and Politics

The Cutting Edge

  • Author: Albert Somit,Steven A. Peterson
  • Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
  • ISBN: 0857245805
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 7461
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Examines the research in the study of biology and politics. This book explores the linkage between evolution, genetics and politics with initial chapters on abandoned baby legislation, a model of action and norms, and the biopolitics of primates. It also features chapters on how to use neuroimaging techniques to study political behaviour.

Why Nations Cooperate

Why Nations Cooperate

Circumstance and Choice in International Relations

  • Author: Arthur A. Stein
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801497810
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 219
  • View: 7266
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Sex and World Peace

Sex and World Peace

  • Author: Valerie M. Hudson,Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill,Mary Caprioli,Chad F. Emmett
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231520093
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 4665
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Sex and World Peace unsettles a variety of assumptions in political and security discourse, demonstrating that the security of women is a vital factor in the security of the state and its incidence of conflict and war. The authors compare micro-level gender violence and macro-level state peacefulness in global settings, supporting their findings with detailed analyses and color maps. Harnessing an immense amount of data, they call attention to discrepancies between national laws protecting women and the enforcement of those laws, and they note the adverse effects on state security of abnormal sex ratios favoring males, the practice of polygamy, and inequitable realities in family law, among other gendered aggressions. The authors find that the treatment of women informs human interaction at all levels of society. Their research challenges conventional definitions of security and democracy and shows that the treatment of gender, played out on the world stage, informs the true clash of civilizations. In terms of resolving these injustices, the authors examine top-down and bottom-up approaches to healing wounds of violence against women, as well as ways to rectify inequalities in family law and the lack of parity in decision-making councils. Emphasizing the importance of an R2PW, or state responsibility to protect women, they mount a solid campaign against women's systemic insecurity, which effectively unravels the security of all.

Wild Justice

Wild Justice

The Moral Lives of Animals

  • Author: Marc Bekoff,Jessica Pierce
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226041662
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 3757
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Scientists have long counseled against interpreting animal behavior in terms of human emotions, warning that such anthropomorphizing limits our ability to understand animals as they really are. Yet what are we to make of a female gorilla in a German zoo who spent days mourning the death of her baby? Or a wild female elephant who cared for a younger one after she was injured by a rambunctious teenage male? Or a rat who refused to push a lever for food when he saw that doing so caused another rat to be shocked? Aren’t these clear signs that animals have recognizable emotions and moral intelligence? With Wild Justice Marc Bekoff and Jessica Pierce unequivocally answer yes. Marrying years of behavioral and cognitive research with compelling and moving anecdotes, Bekoff and Pierce reveal that animals exhibit a broad repertoire of moral behaviors, including fairness, empathy, trust, and reciprocity. Underlying these behaviors is a complex and nuanced range of emotions, backed by a high degree of intelligence and surprising behavioral flexibility. Animals, in short, are incredibly adept social beings, relying on rules of conduct to navigate intricate social networks that are essential to their survival. Ultimately, Bekoff and Pierce draw the astonishing conclusion that there is no moral gap between humans and other species: morality is an evolved trait that we unquestionably share with other social mammals. Sure to be controversial, Wild Justice offers not just cutting-edge science, but a provocative call to rethink our relationship with—and our responsibilities toward—our fellow animals.

The War of the Worlds

The War of the Worlds

  • Author: Herbert George Wells
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science fiction
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3699
DOWNLOAD NOW »
H.G. Wells's hugely influential book tracks the exploits of a writer who struggles to survive an alien invasion of Victorian England. After seeing the monstrous Martians firsthand, the narrator attempts to evade their destructive mechanized vehicles and must stay on the run to avoid detection. As he meets other desperate humans, he becomes increasingly pessimistic about any chance of survival. The novel stands as a major milestone in science-fiction literature, inspiring legions of subsequent writers and an endless array of hostile-alien scenarios.

Graduate Programs in the Humanities, Arts & Social Sciences 2008

Graduate Programs in the Humanities, Arts & Social Sciences 2008

  • Author: Peterson's
  • Publisher: Peterson's
  • ISBN: 9780768924053
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 1776
  • View: 5810
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Peterson's six-volume Graduate and Professional Programs is the trusted source for accurate, up-to-date graduate program information. With complete details on more than 44,000 master, doctoral, and first-professional degree programs in 476 disciplines at more than 2,000 accredited colleges and universities in the U.S. and Canada, this series is the perfect for students, acadmic advisors, administrators, researchers, scholars, professionals, and librarians.

Winning Modern Wars

Winning Modern Wars

Iraq, Terrorism, and the American Empire

  • Author: Wesley K. Clark
  • Publisher: Public Affairs
  • ISBN: 9781586482770
  • Category: History
  • Page: 220
  • View: 6388
DOWNLOAD NOW »
General Wesley K. Clark's Waging Modern War, a Washington Post bestseller, examined his experience directing the NATO-led war in Kosovo. As Clark saw it, the Kosovo war—limited in scope, measured in effect, extraordinarily complex in execution, waged with an uneven coalition, with instantaneous media coverage, and with a duration measured in days and not years—would serve as a model for contemporary war. He has been proven right. In Winning Modern Wars, he writes about how the issues and principles discussed in his earlier book were evident in Afghanistan and Iraq, and will apply wherever the war on terrorism may take us next, providing a frank and revealing analysis of the gains, risks, and shortfalls of America's current approach and offering informed alternatives. What Clark, an admired military analyst on CNN and one of the most decorated and influential officers of his generation, has to say on our national plans and tactics—and the lessons of empire—is invaluable, reminding us that as we celebrate our successes, we must also tend to their consequences.

Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies

Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Africa, North
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1994
DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Evolution of Cooperation

The Evolution of Cooperation

Revised Edition

  • Author: Robert Axelrod
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0786734884
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 3380
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Evolution of Cooperation provides valuable insights into the age-old question of whether unforced cooperation is ever possible. Widely praised and much-discussed, this classic book explores how cooperation can emerge in a world of self-seeking egoists-whether superpowers, businesses, or individuals-when there is no central authority to police their actions. The problem of cooperation is central to many different fields. Robert Axelrod recounts the famous computer tournaments in which the "cooperative” program Tit for Tat recorded its stunning victories, explains its application to a broad spectrum of subjects, and suggests how readers can both apply cooperative principles to their own lives and teach cooperative principles to others.

Demonic Males

Demonic Males

Apes and the Origins of Human Violence

  • Author: Richard W. Wrangham,Dale Peterson
  • Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  • ISBN: 9780395877432
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 350
  • View: 4216
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Draws on recent discoveries about human evolution to examine whether violence among men is a product of their primitive heritage, and searches for solutions to the problems of war, rape, and murder

The Pax Americana and the Middle east

The Pax Americana and the Middle east

U.S. grand strategic interests in the region after September 11

  • Author: Bradly A. Thayer
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 56
  • View: 5220
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Hometown associations and ethnic unions in twentieth century Nigeria

Hometown associations and ethnic unions in twentieth century Nigeria

a geographical and historical interpretation

  • Author: Charles Wilson Abbott,The University of Iowa
  • Publisher: ProQuest
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 674
  • View: 5877
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Hometown associations and ethnic unions arose in Nigeria after 1910. We know much about their history and activities, but we lack a description of what makes them significant, why they thrive in certain places, and why they endure. This study engages five closely related questions. First, how can we understand the full phenomenon of hometown associations and ethnic unions in their context? Second, how can we best divide the constellation of organizations into taxonomically and analytically useful categories? Third, why do these organizations endure? What do individuals get from participating? How do towns or ethnic groups benefit from having such organizations? Fourth, why are such groups almost wholly absent among people from the northern third of Nigeria? Fifth, how can we relate the groups to the large and growing literature on civil society? In order to answer these questions I review the literature, provide an interpretive history, and analyze recent trends in Nigerian associational life. I also incorporate field observations from Nigeria and the United States.

Enforcing International Law

Enforcing International Law

From Self-help to Self-contained Regimes

  • Author: Math Noortmann
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 9780754624431
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 194
  • View: 5150
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This study determines which rules and principles govern the relationship between the two basic concepts of the right to self-help and the obligation to settle disputes by peaceful means. Drawing insights from legal as well as political science, the book's major findings arise from an analysis of scholarly work, supported by examples from five different case studies.

Human Characteristics

Human Characteristics

Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Mind and Kind

  • Author: Henrik Høgh-Olesen,Jan Tønnesvang,Preben Bertelsen
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 435
  • View: 8783
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume features the contributions of 20 experts on the subject of human characteristics.

Human Rights in the Post-9/11 World

Human Rights in the Post-9/11 World

  • Author: Bethany Barratt
  • Publisher: International Debate Education Assn
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 184
  • View: 5420
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Human Rights in the Post-9/11 World draws on the insights of top scholars in law, political science, and philosophy from across the international community to explore four broad questions: How have definitions of warfare and the legal and philosophical restraints on violence that have emerged around war changed since 9/11? What are the broader implications of these changes for international human rights law? To what extent have these changes altered domestic human rights practices? What can we predict about the future of the international human rights regime? Four thematic sections address: 9/11 and changing definitions of warfare, 9/11's impact on international law, The relationship between freedom from terror and other human rights, Human rights and international organizations since 9/11 Book jacket.

The Journal of Military History

The Journal of Military History

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Military history
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3812
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Darwinism As Religion

Darwinism As Religion

What Literature Tells Us about Evolution

  • Author: Michael Ruse
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190241020
  • Category: English literature
  • Page: 312
  • View: 6753
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Darwinian Revolution--the change in thinking sparked by Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, which argued that all organisms including humans are the end product of a long, slow, natural process of evolution rather than the miraculous creation of an all-powerful God--is one of the truly momentous cultural events in Western Civilization. Darwinism as Religion is an innovative and exciting approach to this revolution through creative writing, showing how the theory of evolution as expressed by Darwin has, from the first, functioned as a secular religion. Drawing on a deep understanding of both the science and the history, Michael Ruse surveys the naturalistic thinking about the origins of organisms, including the origins of humankind, as portrayed in novels and in poetry, taking the story from its beginnings in the Age of Enlightenment in the 18th century right up to the present. He shows that, contrary to the opinion of many historians of the era, there was indeed a revolution in thought and that the English naturalist Charles Darwin was at the heart of it. However, contrary also to what many think, this revolution was not primarily scientific as such, but more religious or metaphysical, as people were taken from the secure world of the Christian faith into a darker, more hostile world of evolutionism. In a fashion unusual for the history of ideas, Ruse turns to the novelists and poets of the period for inspiration and information. His book covers a wide range of creative writers - from novelists like Voltaire and poets like Erasmus Darwin in the eighteenth century, through the nineteenth century with novelists including Elizabeth Gaskell, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Henry James and H. G. Wells and poets including Robert Browning, Alfred Tennyson, Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson and Gerard Manley Hopkins, and on to the twentieth century with novelists including Edith Wharton, D. H. Lawrence, John Steinbeck, William Golding, Graham Greene, Ian McEwan and Marilynne Robinson, and poets including Robert Frost, Edna St Vincent Millay and Philip Appleman. Covering such topics as God, origins, humans, race and class, morality, sexuality, and sin and redemption, and written in an engaging manner and spiced with wry humor, Darwinism as Religion gives us an entirely fresh, engaging and provocative view of one of the cultural highpoints of Western thought.

A Natural History of Rape

A Natural History of Rape

Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion

  • Author: Randy Thornhill,Craig T. Palmer
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262700832
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 272
  • View: 3576
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A biologist and an anthropologist use evolutionary biology to explain the causes and inform the prevention of rape.