Search Results for "darwin-and-international-relations-on-the-evolutionary-origins-of-war-and-ethnic-conflict"

Darwin and International Relations

Darwin and International Relations

On the Evolutionary Origins of War and Ethnic Conflict

  • Author: Bradley A. Thayer
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • ISBN: 0813149703
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 444
  • View: 6351
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Pathbreaking and controversial, Darwin and International Relations offers the first comprehensive analysis of international affairs of state through the lens of evolutionary theory. Bradley A. Thayer provides a new method for investigating and explaining human and state behavior while generating insights into the origins of human and animal warfare, ethnic conflict, and the influence of disease on international relations. Using ethnological and statistical studies of warfare among tribal societies, Thayer argues that humans wage war for reasons predicted by evolutionary theory -- to gain and protect vital resources but also for the physically and emotionally stimulating effects of combat. Thayer demonstrates that an evolutionary understanding of disease will become a more important part of the study of international relations as new strains of diseases emerge and advances in genetics make biological warfare a more effective weapon for states and terrorists. He also explains the deep causes of ethnic conflict by illuminating how xenophobia and ethnocentrism evolved in humans. He notes that these behaviors once contributed to our ancestors' success in radically different environments, but they remain a part of us. Darwin and International Relations makes a major contribution to our understanding of human history and the future of international relations.

Darwin and International Relations: On the Evolutionary Origins of War and Ethnic Conflict

Darwin and International Relations: On the Evolutionary Origins of War and Ethnic Conflict

  • Author: Bradley A. Thayer
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • ISBN: 9780813129464
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 425
  • View: 7482
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Darwin and International Relations

Darwin and International Relations

On the Evolutionary Origins of War and Ethnic Conflict

  • Author: Bradley A. Thayer
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780813192529
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 425
  • View: 4951
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Pathbreaking and controversial, Darwin and International Relations offers the first comprehensive analysis of international affairs of state through the lens of evolutionary theory. Bradley A. Thayer provides a new method for investigating and explaining human and state behavior while generating insights into the origins of human and animal warfare, ethnic conflict, and the influence of disease on international relations. Using ethnological and statistical studies of warfare among tribal societies, Thayer argues that humans wage war for reasons predicted by evolutionary theory -- to gain and protect vital resources but also for the physically and emotionally stimulating effects of combat. Thayer demonstrates that an evolutionary understanding of disease will become a more important part of the study of international relations as new strains of diseases emerge and advances in genetics make biological warfare a more effective weapon for states and terrorists. He also explains the deep causes of ethnic conflict by illuminating how xenophobia and ethnocentrism evolved in humans. He notes that these behaviors once contributed to our ancestors' success in radically different environments, but they remain a part of us. Darwin and International Relations makes a major contribution to our understanding of human history and the future of international relations.

The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research

The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research

  • Author: Alex P. Schmid
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136810390
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 736
  • View: 857
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This major new Handbook synthesises more than two decades of scholarly research, and provides a comprehensive overview of the field of terrorism studies. The content of the Handbook is based on the responses to a questionnaire by nearly 100 experts from more than 20 countries as well as the specific expertise and experience of the volume editor and the various contributors. Together, they guide the reader through the voluminous literature on terrorism, and propose a new consensus definition of terrorism, based on an extensive review of existing conceptualisations. The work also features a large collection of typologies and surveys a wide range of theories of terrorism. Additional chapters survey terrorist databases and provide a guide to available resources on terrorism in libraries and on the Internet. It also includes the most comprehensive World Directory of Extremist, Terrorist and other Organizations associated with Guerrilla Warfare, Political Violence, Protest and Organized- and Cyber-Crime. The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research will be an essential work of reference for students and researchers of terrorism and political violence, security studies, criminology, political science and international relations, and of great interest to policymakers and professionals in the field of counter-terrorism.

Biology and Politics

Biology and Politics

The Cutting Edge

  • Author: Albert Somit,Steven A. Peterson
  • Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
  • ISBN: 0857245805
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 6584
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Examines the research in the study of biology and politics. This book explores the linkage between evolution, genetics and politics with initial chapters on abandoned baby legislation, a model of action and norms, and the biopolitics of primates. It also features chapters on how to use neuroimaging techniques to study political behaviour.

Sex and World Peace

Sex and World Peace

  • Author: Valerie M. Hudson,Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill,Mary Caprioli,Chad F. Emmett
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231520093
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7395
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Sex and World Peace unsettles a variety of assumptions in political and security discourse, demonstrating that the security of women is a vital factor in the security of the state and its incidence of conflict and war. The authors compare micro-level gender violence and macro-level state peacefulness in global settings, supporting their findings with detailed analyses and color maps. Harnessing an immense amount of data, they call attention to discrepancies between national laws protecting women and the enforcement of those laws, and they note the adverse effects on state security of abnormal sex ratios favoring males, the practice of polygamy, and inequitable realities in family law, among other gendered aggressions. The authors find that the treatment of women informs human interaction at all levels of society. Their research challenges conventional definitions of security and democracy and shows that the treatment of gender, played out on the world stage, informs the true clash of civilizations. In terms of resolving these injustices, the authors examine top-down and bottom-up approaches to healing wounds of violence against women, as well as ways to rectify inequalities in family law and the lack of parity in decision-making councils. Emphasizing the importance of an R2PW, or state responsibility to protect women, they mount a solid campaign against women's systemic insecurity, which effectively unravels the security of all.

Wild Justice

Wild Justice

The Moral Lives of Animals

  • Author: Marc Bekoff,Jessica Pierce
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226041662
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 4632
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Scientists have long counseled against interpreting animal behavior in terms of human emotions, warning that such anthropomorphizing limits our ability to understand animals as they really are. Yet what are we to make of a female gorilla in a German zoo who spent days mourning the death of her baby? Or a wild female elephant who cared for a younger one after she was injured by a rambunctious teenage male? Or a rat who refused to push a lever for food when he saw that doing so caused another rat to be shocked? Aren’t these clear signs that animals have recognizable emotions and moral intelligence? With Wild Justice Marc Bekoff and Jessica Pierce unequivocally answer yes. Marrying years of behavioral and cognitive research with compelling and moving anecdotes, Bekoff and Pierce reveal that animals exhibit a broad repertoire of moral behaviors, including fairness, empathy, trust, and reciprocity. Underlying these behaviors is a complex and nuanced range of emotions, backed by a high degree of intelligence and surprising behavioral flexibility. Animals, in short, are incredibly adept social beings, relying on rules of conduct to navigate intricate social networks that are essential to their survival. Ultimately, Bekoff and Pierce draw the astonishing conclusion that there is no moral gap between humans and other species: morality is an evolved trait that we unquestionably share with other social mammals. Sure to be controversial, Wild Justice offers not just cutting-edge science, but a provocative call to rethink our relationship with—and our responsibilities toward—our fellow animals.

The War of the Worlds

The War of the Worlds

  • Author: Herbert George Wells
  • Publisher: Book Wholesalers
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Imaginary wars and battles
  • Page: 308
  • View: 391
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H.G. Wells' late nineteenth-century novel in which an intellectually superior race from Mars invades Earth with plans to take over the planet.

The Evolution of Cooperation

The Evolution of Cooperation

Revised Edition

  • Author: Robert Axelrod
  • Publisher: Hachette UK
  • ISBN: 0786734884
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 2021
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The Evolution of Cooperation provides valuable insights into the age-old question of whether unforced cooperation is ever possible. Widely praised and much-discussed, this classic book explores how cooperation can emerge in a world of self-seeking egoists-whether superpowers, businesses, or individuals-when there is no central authority to police their actions. The problem of cooperation is central to many different fields. Robert Axelrod recounts the famous computer tournaments in which the "cooperative" program Tit for Tat recorded its stunning victories, explains its application to a broad spectrum of subjects, and suggests how readers can both apply cooperative principles to their own lives and teach cooperative principles to others.

America's Achilles' Heel

America's Achilles' Heel

Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Terrorism and Covert Attack

  • Author: Richard A Falkenrath,Robert D Newman,Bradley A. Thayer
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262561182
  • Category: History
  • Page: 354
  • View: 1260
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Nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) weapons delivered covertly by terrorists or hostile governments pose a significant and growing threat to the United States and other countries. Although the threat of NBC attack is widely recognized as a central national security issue, most analysts have assumed that the primary danger is military use by states in war, with traditional military means of delivery. The threat of covert attack has been imprudently neglected.Covert attack is hard to deter or prevent, and NBC weapons suitable for covert attack are available to a growing range of states and groups hostile to the United States. At the same time, constraints on their use appear to be eroding. This volume analyzes the nature and limits of the covert NBC threat and proposes a measured set of policy responses, focused on improving intelligence and consequence-management capabilities to reduce U.S. vulnerability.About the authors: Richard A. Falkenrath is Assistant Professor of Public Policy at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. He served as Executive Director of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (BCSIA) and, before that, as a Research Fellow. He is the author and co-author of Shaping Europe's Military Order (1995), Avoiding Nuclear Anarchy (1996), America's Achilles' Heel:Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Terrorism and Covert Attack (1998), and numerous journal articles and chapters of edited volumes. Falkenrath has been a Visiting Research Fellow at the German Society of Foreign Affairs (DGAP) in Bonn. He holds a PhD from the Department of War Studies, King's College, London, where he was a British Marshall Scholar, and is a summa cum laude graduate of Occidental College, Los Angeles, with degrees in economics and international relations. He is on leave in 2001-2002 and is currently serving as Director for Counterproliferation and Homeland Defense at the National Security Council.Bradley A. Thayer is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Minnesota, Duluth.

Evolutionary Theory and Ethnic Conflict

Evolutionary Theory and Ethnic Conflict

  • Author: Patrick James,David Goetze
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780275971434
  • Category: History
  • Page: 273
  • View: 6781
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James, Goetze, and their contributors provide a scholarly attempt to evaluate the role that evolved dispositions and psychological mechanisms may play in the formation of ethnic groups, the outbreak of ethnic group conflict, and the design of strategies for preventing and resolving group conflicts.

Graduate Programs in the Humanities, Arts & Social Sciences 2008

Graduate Programs in the Humanities, Arts & Social Sciences 2008

  • Author: Peterson's
  • Publisher: Peterson's
  • ISBN: 9780768924053
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 1776
  • View: 4551
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Peterson's six-volume Graduate and Professional Programs is the trusted source for accurate, up-to-date graduate program information. With complete details on more than 44,000 master, doctoral, and first-professional degree programs in 476 disciplines at more than 2,000 accredited colleges and universities in the U.S. and Canada, this series is the perfect for students, acadmic advisors, administrators, researchers, scholars, professionals, and librarians.

The Penultimate Curiosity

The Penultimate Curiosity

How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

  • Author: Roger Wagner,Andrew Briggs
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191075701
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 512
  • View: 3825
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When young children first begin to ask 'why?' they embark on a journey with no final destination. The need to make sense of the world as a whole is an ultimate curiosity that lies at the root of all human religions. It has, in many cultures, shaped and motivated a more down to earth scientific interest in the physical world, which could therefore be described as penultimate curiosity. These two manifestations of curiosity have a history of connection that goes back deep into the human past. Tracing that history all the way from cave painting to quantum physics, this book (a collaboration between a painter and a physical scientist that uses illustrations throughout the narrative) sets out to explain the nature of the long entanglement between religion and science: the ultimate and the penultimate curiosity.

Sapiens

Sapiens

A Brief History of Humankind

  • Author: Yuval Noah Harari
  • Publisher: Signal
  • ISBN: 9780771038518
  • Category:
  • Page: 464
  • View: 712
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Destined to become a modern classic in the vein of Guns, Germs, and Steel, Sapiens is a lively, groundbreaking history of humankind told from a unique perspective. 100,000 years ago, at least six species of human inhabited the earth. Today there is just one. Us. Homo Sapiens. How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms? How did we come to believe in gods, nations, and human rights; to trust money, books, and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy, timetables, and consumerism? And what will our world be like in the millennia to come? In Sapiens, Dr. Yuval Noah Harari spans the whole of human history, from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical -- and sometimes devastating -- breakthroughs of the Cognitive, Agricultural, and Scientific Revolutions. Drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, palaeontology, and economics, he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human societies, the animals and plants around us, and even our personalities. Have we become happier as history has unfolded? Can we ever free our behaviour from the heritage of our ancestors? And what, if anything, can we do to influence the course of the centuries to come? Bold, wide-ranging and provocative, Sapiens challenges everything we thought we knew about being human: our thoughts, our actions, our power...and our future.

End of History and the Last Man

End of History and the Last Man

  • Author: Francis Fukuyama
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1416531785
  • Category: History
  • Page: 464
  • View: 4550
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Ever since its first publication in 1992, The End of History and the Last Man has provoked controversy and debate. Francis Fukuyama's prescient analysis of religious fundamentalism, politics, scientific progress, ethical codes, and war is as essential for a world fighting fundamentalist terrorists as it was for the end of the Cold War. Now updated with a new afterword, The End of History and the Last Man is a modern classic.

Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies

Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Africa, North
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9146
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The Pax Americana and the Middle east

The Pax Americana and the Middle east

U.S. grand strategic interests in the region after September 11

  • Author: Bradly A. Thayer
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 56
  • View: 2107
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Hometown associations and ethnic unions in twentieth century Nigeria

Hometown associations and ethnic unions in twentieth century Nigeria

a geographical and historical interpretation

  • Author: Charles Wilson Abbott,The University of Iowa
  • Publisher: ProQuest
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 674
  • View: 7636
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Hometown associations and ethnic unions arose in Nigeria after 1910. We know much about their history and activities, but we lack a description of what makes them significant, why they thrive in certain places, and why they endure. This study engages five closely related questions. First, how can we understand the full phenomenon of hometown associations and ethnic unions in their context? Second, how can we best divide the constellation of organizations into taxonomically and analytically useful categories? Third, why do these organizations endure? What do individuals get from participating? How do towns or ethnic groups benefit from having such organizations? Fourth, why are such groups almost wholly absent among people from the northern third of Nigeria? Fifth, how can we relate the groups to the large and growing literature on civil society? In order to answer these questions I review the literature, provide an interpretive history, and analyze recent trends in Nigerian associational life. I also incorporate field observations from Nigeria and the United States.

Enforcing International Law

Enforcing International Law

From Self-help to Self-contained Regimes

  • Author: Math Noortmann
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 9780754624431
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 194
  • View: 6433
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This study determines which rules and principles govern the relationship between the two basic concepts of the right to self-help and the obligation to settle disputes by peaceful means. Drawing insights from legal as well as political science, the book's major findings arise from an analysis of scholarly work, supported by examples from five different case studies.

Human Characteristics

Human Characteristics

Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Mind and Kind

  • Author: Henrik Høgh-Olesen,Jan Tønnesvang,Preben Bertelsen
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 435
  • View: 2864
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This volume features the contributions of 20 experts on the subject of human characteristics.