Search Results for "darwin-and-international-relations"

Darwin and International Relations

Darwin and International Relations

On the Evolutionary Origins of War and Ethnic Conflict

  • Author: Bradley A. Thayer
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • ISBN: 0813149703
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 444
  • View: 2548
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Pathbreaking and controversial, Darwin and International Relations offers the first comprehensive analysis of international affairs of state through the lens of evolutionary theory. Bradley A. Thayer provides a new method for investigating and explaining human and state behavior while generating insights into the origins of human and animal warfare, ethnic conflict, and the influence of disease on international relations. Using ethnological and statistical studies of warfare among tribal societies, Thayer argues that humans wage war for reasons predicted by evolutionary theory -- to gain and protect vital resources but also for the physically and emotionally stimulating effects of combat. Thayer demonstrates that an evolutionary understanding of disease will become a more important part of the study of international relations as new strains of diseases emerge and advances in genetics make biological warfare a more effective weapon for states and terrorists. He also explains the deep causes of ethnic conflict by illuminating how xenophobia and ethnocentrism evolved in humans. He notes that these behaviors once contributed to our ancestors' success in radically different environments, but they remain a part of us. Darwin and International Relations makes a major contribution to our understanding of human history and the future of international relations.

Darwin and International Relations: On the Evolutionary Origins of War and Ethnic Conflict

Darwin and International Relations: On the Evolutionary Origins of War and Ethnic Conflict

  • Author: Bradley A. Thayer
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • ISBN: 9780813129464
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 425
  • View: 5678
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Darwin and International Relations

Darwin and International Relations

On the Evolutionary Origins of War and Ethnic Conflict

  • Author: Bradley A. Thayer
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780813192529
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 425
  • View: 7460
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Pathbreaking and controversial, Darwin and International Relations offers the first comprehensive analysis of international affairs of state through the lens of evolutionary theory. Bradley A. Thayer provides a new method for investigating and explaining human and state behavior while generating insights into the origins of human and animal warfare, ethnic conflict, and the influence of disease on international relations. Using ethnological and statistical studies of warfare among tribal societies, Thayer argues that humans wage war for reasons predicted by evolutionary theory -- to gain and protect vital resources but also for the physically and emotionally stimulating effects of combat. Thayer demonstrates that an evolutionary understanding of disease will become a more important part of the study of international relations as new strains of diseases emerge and advances in genetics make biological warfare a more effective weapon for states and terrorists. He also explains the deep causes of ethnic conflict by illuminating how xenophobia and ethnocentrism evolved in humans. He notes that these behaviors once contributed to our ancestors' success in radically different environments, but they remain a part of us. Darwin and International Relations makes a major contribution to our understanding of human history and the future of international relations.

Scientific Cosmology and International Orders

Scientific Cosmology and International Orders

  • Author: Bentley B. Allan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108416616
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4792
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A history of how scientific ideas have transformed international politics since 1550.

Darwinism and the Divine

Darwinism and the Divine

Evolutionary Thought and Natural Theology

  • Author: Alister E. McGrath
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118697774
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 320
  • View: 4354
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Darwinism and the Divine examines the implications of evolutionary thought for natural theology, from the time of publication of Darwin's On the Origin of Species to current debates on creationism and intelligent design. Questions whether Darwin's theory of natural selection really shook our fundamental beliefs, or whether they served to transform and illuminate our views on the origins and meaning of life Identifies the forms of natural theology that emerged in 19th-century England and how they were affected by Darwinism The most detailed study yet of the intellectual background to William Paley's famous and influential approach to natural theology, set out in 1802 Brings together material from a variety of disciplines, including the history of ideas, historical and systematic theology, evolutionary biology, anthropology, sociology, and the cognitive science of religion Considers how Christian belief has adapted to Darwinism, and asks whether there is a place for design both in the world of science and the world of theology A thought-provoking exploration of 21st-century views on evolutionary thought and natural theology, written by the world-renowned theologian and bestselling author

Darwin's Dangerous Idea

Darwin's Dangerous Idea

Evolution and the Meaning of Life

  • Author: Daniel C. Dennett
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1439126291
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 592
  • View: 9451
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In a book that is both groundbreaking and accessible, Daniel C. Dennett, whom Chet Raymo of The Boston Globe calls "one of the most provocative thinkers on the planet," focuses his unerringly logical mind on the theory of natural selection, showing how Darwin's great idea transforms and illuminates our traditional view of humanity's place in the universe. Dennett vividly describes the theory itself and then extends Darwin's vision with impeccable arguments to their often surprising conclusions, challenging the views of some of the most famous scientists of our day.

Why Nations Cooperate

Why Nations Cooperate

Circumstance and Choice in International Relations

  • Author: Arthur A. Stein
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801497810
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 219
  • View: 8321
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Darwinism and Philosophy

Darwinism and Philosophy

  • Author: Vittorio Hösle,Christian Illies
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780268030728
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 392
  • View: 6156
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The philosophically most challenging science today, arguably, is no longer physics but biology. It is hardly an exaggeration to state that Charles Darwin has shaped modern evolutionary biology more significantly than anyone else. Moreover, since Darwin's day, philosophers and scientists have realized the enormous philosophical potential of Darwinism and have tried to expand his insights well beyond the limits of biology. However, no consensus has been achieved. The aim of this collection of essays is to revive a comprehensive discussion of the meaning and the philosophical implications of Darwinism. The contributors to Darwinism and Philosophy are international scholars from the fields of philosophy, science, and history of ideas. A strength of this collection is that it brings together sustained reflection from American and Continental philosophical traditions. The conclusions of the contributors vary, but taken together their essays successfully map the problems of interpreting Darwinism.

OVERCONFIDENCE AND WAR

OVERCONFIDENCE AND WAR

  • Author: Dominic D. P. Johnson
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674039165
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 6690
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Opponents rarely go to war without thinking they can win--and clearly, one side must be wrong. This conundrum lies at the heart of the so-called "war puzzle": rational states should agree on their differences in power and thus not fight. But as Dominic Johnson argues in "Overconfidence and War," states are no more rational than people, who are susceptible to exaggerated ideas of their own virtue, of their ability to control events, and of the future. By looking at this bias--called "positive illusions"--as it figures in evolutionary biology, psychology, and the politics of international conflict, this book offers compelling insights into why states wage war. Johnson traces the effects of positive illusions on four turning points in twentieth-century history: two that erupted into war (World War I and Vietnam); and two that did not (the Munich crisis and the Cuban missile crisis). Examining the two wars, he shows how positive illusions have filtered into politics, causing leaders to overestimate themselves and underestimate their adversaries--and to resort to violence to settle a conflict against unreasonable odds. In the Munich and Cuban missile crises, he shows how lessening positive illusions may allow leaders to pursue peaceful solutions. The human tendency toward overconfidence may have been favored by natural selection throughout our evolutionary history because of the advantages it conferred--heightening combat performance or improving one's ability to bluff an opponent. And yet, as this book suggests--and as the recent conflict in Iraq bears out--in the modern world the consequences of this evolutionary legacy are potentially deadly.

Darwinism and Pragmatism

Darwinism and Pragmatism

William James on Evolution and Self-Transformation

  • Author: Lucas McGranahan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351975811
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 9448
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Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection challenges our very sense of belonging in the world. Unlike prior evolutionary theories, Darwinism construes species as mutable historical products of a blind process that serves no inherent purpose. It also represents a distinctly modern kind of fallible science that relies on statistical evidence and is not verifiable by simple laboratory experiments. What are human purpose and knowledge if humanity has no pre-given essence and science itself is our finite and fallible product? According to the Received Image of Darwinism, Darwin’s theory signals the triumph of mechanism and reductionism in all science. On this view, the individual virtually disappears at the intersection of (internal) genes and (external) environment. In contrast, William James creatively employs Darwinian concepts to support his core conviction that both knowledge and reality are in the making, with individuals as active participants. In promoting this Pragmatic Image of Darwinism, McGranahan provides a novel reading of James as a philosopher of self-transformation. Like his contemporary Nietzsche, James is concerned first and foremost with the structure and dynamics of the finite purposive individual. This timely volume is suitable for advanced undergraduate, postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers interested in the fields of history of philosophy, history and philosophy of science, history of psychology, American pragmatism and Darwinism.

Realism and International Politics

Realism and International Politics

  • Author: Kenneth Neal Waltz
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780415954785
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 361
  • View: 5260
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Realism and International Politics brings together the collected essays of Kenneth N. Waltz, one of the most important and influential thinkers of international relations in the second half of the twentieth century. His books Man, the State and War and Theory of International Politics are classics of international relations theory and gave birth to the school of thought known as neo-realism or structural realism, out of which many of the current crop of realist scholars and thinkers has emerged. Waltz frames these seminal pieces in his theoretical development by explaining the context in which they were written and, building on the broader aims of these theories, explains the elusive nature of power balancing in today's international system. It is an essential volume for both students and scholars.

After Darwin: Animals, Emotions, and the Mind

After Darwin: Animals, Emotions, and the Mind

  • Author: Angelique Richardson
  • Publisher: Rodopi
  • ISBN: 9401209987
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 369
  • View: 3028
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‘What is emotion?’ pondered the young Charles Darwin in his notebooks. How were the emotions to be placed in an evolutionary framework? And what light might they shed on human-animal continuities? These were among the questions Darwin explored in his research, assisted both by an acute sense of observation and an extraordinary capacity for fellow feeling, not only with humans but with all animal life. After Darwin: Animals, Emotions, and the Mind explores questions of mind, emotion and the moral sense which Darwin opened up through his research on the physical expression of emotions and the human–animal relation. It also examines the extent to which Darwin’s ideas were taken up by Victorian writers and popular culture, from George Eliot to the Daily News. Bringing together scholars from biology, literature, history, psychology, psychiatry and paediatrics, the volume provides an invaluable reassessment of Darwin’s contribution to a new understanding of the moral sense and emotional life, and considers the urgent scientific and ethical implications of his ideas today.

Darwinism, Democracy, and Race

Darwinism, Democracy, and Race

American Anthropology and Evolutionary Biology in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: John P Jackson
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1351810782
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3242
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Darwinism, Democracy, and Race examines the development and defence of an argument that arose at the boundary between anthropology and evolutionary biology in twentieth-century America. In its fully articulated form, this argument simultaneously discredited scientific racism and defended free human agency in Darwinian terms. The volume is timely because it gives readers a key to assessing contemporary debates about the biology of race. By working across disciplinary lines, the book's focal figures--the anthropologist Franz Boas, the cultural anthropologist Alfred Kroeber, the geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky, and the physical anthropologist Sherwood Washburn--found increasingly persuasive ways of cutting between genetic determinist and social constructionist views of race by grounding Boas's racially egalitarian, culturally relativistic, and democratically pluralistic ethic in a distinctive version of the genetic theory of natural selection. Collaborators in making and defending this argument included Ashley Montagu, Stephen Jay Gould, and Richard Lewontin. Darwinism, Democracy, and Race will appeal to advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and academics interested in subjects including Philosophy, Critical Race Theory, Sociology of Race, History of Biology and Anthropology, and Rhetoric of Science.

Darwin and Theories of Aesthetics and Cultural History

Darwin and Theories of Aesthetics and Cultural History

  • Author: Barbara Larson,Sabine Flach
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 9781409448709
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 176
  • View: 7704
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Darwin and Theories of Aesthetics and Cultural History is a significant contribution to the fields of theory, Darwin studies, and cultural history. This collection of eight essays is the first volume to address, from the point of view of art and literary historians, Darwin's intersections with aesthetic theories and cultural histories from the eighteenth century to the present day. Among the philosophers of art influenced by Darwinian evolution and considered in this collection are Alois Riegl, Ruskin, and Aby Warburg. This stimulating collection ranges in content from essays on the influence of eighteenth-century aesthetic theory on Darwin and nineteenth-century debates circulating around beauty to the study of evolutionary models in contemporary art.

Darwinism, Dominance, and Democracy

Darwinism, Dominance, and Democracy

The Biological Bases of Authoritarianism

  • Author: Albert Somit,Steven A. Peterson
  • Publisher: Praeger Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780275958176
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 141
  • View: 4439
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Somit and Peterson seek to explain an incontrovertible, though hardly welcome fact: throughout human history, the overwhelming majority of political societies have been characterized by the rule of the few over the many, by dominance and submission, by command and obedience. Evolutionary theory provides an important part of the explanation: humans have been subject to natural selection and one result is that the species tends to feature dominance hierarchies, obedience to authority, and indoctrinability as various means of maintaining social order. These evolution-based behavioral tendencies help to explain the success of authoritarianism and the relative lack of success of democracy over time.

Making Sense of Evolution

Making Sense of Evolution

Darwin, God, and the Drama of Life

  • Author: John F. Haught
  • Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
  • ISBN: 066423285X
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 163
  • View: 3566
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Haught offers a provocative take on how reconciliation between evolution and Christian theology might begin, and questions whether the two concepts must be mutually exclusive.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary Thought

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary Thought

  • Author: Michael Ruse
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521195317
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 583
  • View: 4951
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This volume is a comprehensive reference work on the life, labors, and influence of the great evolutionist Charles Darwin. With more than sixty essays written by an international group representing the leading scholars in the field, this is the definitive work on Darwin. It covers the background to Darwin's discovery of the theory of evolution through natural selection, the work he produced and his contemporaries' reactions to it, and evaluates his influence on science in the 150 years since the publication of Origin of Species. It also explores the implications of Darwin's discoveries in religion, politics, gender, literature, culture, philosophy, and medicine, critically evaluating Darwin's legacy. Fully illustrated and clearly written, it is suitable for scholars and students as well as the general reader. The wealth of information it provides about the history of evolutionary thought makes it a crucial resource for understanding the controversies that surround evolution today.

The Descent of Darwin

The Descent of Darwin

The Popularization of Darwinism in Germany, 1860-1914

  • Author: Alfred Kelly
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469610132
  • Category: History
  • Page: 196
  • View: 9684
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In Germany, more than anywhere else, Darwinism was a sensational success. Setting his analysis against the background of popular science, Kelly follows popular Darwinism as it permeated education, religion, politics, and social thought in Germany. He explains how the popularizers changed Darwin's thought in subtle ways and how these changes colored their perceptions of Darwinism. Among the first purveyors of mass culture, the Germans provide valuable clues as to how seminal ideas move through a society. Originally published in 1981. A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.

Winning Modern Wars

Winning Modern Wars

Iraq, Terrorism, and the American Empire

  • Author: Wesley K. Clark
  • Publisher: Public Affairs
  • ISBN: 9781586482770
  • Category: History
  • Page: 220
  • View: 5397
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General Wesley K. Clark's Waging Modern War, a Washington Post bestseller, examined his experience directing the NATO-led war in Kosovo. As Clark saw it, the Kosovo war—limited in scope, measured in effect, extraordinarily complex in execution, waged with an uneven coalition, with instantaneous media coverage, and with a duration measured in days and not years—would serve as a model for contemporary war. He has been proven right. In Winning Modern Wars, he writes about how the issues and principles discussed in his earlier book were evident in Afghanistan and Iraq, and will apply wherever the war on terrorism may take us next, providing a frank and revealing analysis of the gains, risks, and shortfalls of America's current approach and offering informed alternatives. What Clark, an admired military analyst on CNN and one of the most decorated and influential officers of his generation, has to say on our national plans and tactics—and the lessons of empire—is invaluable, reminding us that as we celebrate our successes, we must also tend to their consequences.

The Darwin Economy

The Darwin Economy

Liberty, Competition, and the Common Good

  • Author: Robert H. Frank
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691156689
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 246
  • View: 5232
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Argues that ecologist Charles Darwin's understanding of competition describes economic reality far more accurately than economist Adam Smith's theories ever did.