Search Results for "darwinism-and-pragmatism"

Darwinism and Pragmatism

Darwinism and Pragmatism

William James on Evolution and Self-Transformation

  • Author: Lucas McGranahan
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 135197582X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 811
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Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection challenges our very sense of belonging in the world. Unlike prior evolutionary theories, Darwinism construes species as mutable historical products of a blind process that serves no inherent purpose. It also represents a distinctly modern kind of fallible science that relies on statistical evidence and is not verifiable by simple laboratory experiments. What are human purpose and knowledge if humanity has no pre-given essence and science itself is our finite and fallible product? According to the Received Image of Darwinism, Darwin’s theory signals the triumph of mechanism and reductionism in all science. On this view, the individual virtually disappears at the intersection of (internal) genes and (external) environment. In contrast, William James creatively employs Darwinian concepts to support his core conviction that both knowledge and reality are in the making, with individuals as active participants. In promoting this Pragmatic Image of Darwinism, McGranahan provides a novel reading of James as a philosopher of self-transformation. Like his contemporary Nietzsche, James is concerned first and foremost with the structure and dynamics of the finite purposive individual. This timely volume is suitable for advanced undergraduate, postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers interested in the fields of history of philosophy, history and philosophy of science, history of psychology, American pragmatism and Darwinism.

Literatur, Wissenschaft und Wissen seit der Epochenschwelle um 1800

Literatur, Wissenschaft und Wissen seit der Epochenschwelle um 1800

Theorie – Epistemologie – komparatistische Fallstudien

  • Author: Thomas Klinkert,Monika Neuhofer
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110208180
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 399
  • View: 4622
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Although literature gained its autonomy around 1800, it has since then continually engaged in a poetologically relevant discourse with the alien system of science. The present volume examines this phenomenon from a comparatistic perspective, and considers the following questions: System theory : What is the status of the autonomy of a system if it engages with another system through more than casual borrowings? Aesthetics of representation : What consequences do references to science have for literary form and style? Epistemology: Does literature transmit its own knowledge? If it does, of what does this knowledge consist, and how is it distinguished from non-literary knowledge?

Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860-1945

Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860-1945

Nature as Model and Nature as Threat

  • Author: Mike Hawkins
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521574341
  • Category: History
  • Page: 344
  • View: 6832
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An analysis of the ideological influence of Social Darwinists in Europe and America.

A Brief History of American Culture

A Brief History of American Culture

  • Author: Robert Morse Crunden
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9781563248658
  • Category: History
  • Page: 363
  • View: 5272
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"The discussion of each period is wide-ranging, analyzing movements and spotlighting major figures in politics and philosophy, law and literature, economics and education, jazz and journalism, science and civil rights. A readable, insightful overview of the underlying patterns that give shape to U.S. cultural history. Nonacademic readers will find Crunden's selective bibliographical essay helpful". -- Booklist

The Promise of Pragmatism

The Promise of Pragmatism

Modernism and the Crisis of Knowledge and Authority

  • Author: John Patrick Diggins
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226148793
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 515
  • View: 7589
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For much of our century, pragmatism has enjoyed a charmed life, holding the dominant point of view in American politics, law, education, and social thought in general. After suffering a brief eclipse in the post-World War II period, pragmatism has experienced a revival, especially in literary theory and such areas as poststructuralism and deconstruction. In this critique of pragmatism and neopragmatism, one of our leading intellectual historians traces the attempts of thinkers from William James to Richard Rorty to find a response to the crisis of modernism. John Patrick Diggins analyzes the limitations of pragmatism from a historical perspective and dares to ask whether America's one original contribution to the world of philosophy has actually fulfilled its promise. "Diggins, an eminent historian of American intellectual life, has written a timely and impressive book charting the rich history of American pragmatism and placing William James, Charles Peirce, John Dewey, George Herbert Mead, Sidney Hook, and Richard Rorty in their times and in the light of contemporary concerns. The book also draws on an alternative set of American thinkers to explore the blind spots in the pragmatic temper."—William Connolly, New York Times Book Review "An extraordinarily ambitious work of both analysis and synthesis. . . . Diggins's book is rewarding in its thoughtfulness and its nuanced presentation of ideas."—Daniel J. Silver, Commentary "Diggins's superbly informed book comprises a comprehensive history of American pragmatic thought. . . . It contains expert descriptions of James, John Dewey and Charles Sanders Peirce, the first generation of American pragmatists. . . . Diggins is just as good on the revival of pragmatism that's taken place over the last 20 years in America. . . . [A] richly intelligent book."—Mark Edmundson, Washington Post Book World

Politics and Neo-Darwinism

Politics and Neo-Darwinism

and Other Essays

  • Author: Tom Rubens
  • Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
  • ISBN: 1845403568
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 168
  • View: 4918
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This collection of essays is eclectic, covering certain political, ethical, cultural, and philosophical topics. But running through all the material is the evolutionary-naturalistic perspective stated in the opening essay, which gives the book its title. Another emphatic feature is a focus on the Western cultural outlook, as the context in which the large number of topics is viewed. This focus is important as a way of re-affirming the distinctive character of Western intellectual and cultural history, at a time when that character is, arguably, not sufficiently recognised and appreciated. Authors referred to include Aristotle, Shakespeare, Voltaire, and Sartre.

Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Psychology

Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Psychology

  • Author: Martin Farrell
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139991795
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2179
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This textbook connects the big ideas and key thinkers of psychology and philosophy in a clear and cohesive theoretical narrative. Students are led to understand the relations between different schools of thought, and to connect the various thinkers, theories and facts in psychology's history. Focusing on the major ideas that have reoccurred throughout history, such as the mind-body problem and the role of the mind in our experience, Martin Farrell shows how specific thinkers have explored the same ideas, but in different ways, leading to distinct schools of thought. The coherent narrative enables students to see the bigger picture, through which the historical and conceptual roots of psychology can be easily understood.

Progressives, Pluralists, and the Problems of the State

Progressives, Pluralists, and the Problems of the State

Ideologies of Reform in the United States and Britain, 1909-1926

  • Author: Marc Stears
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191544698
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 318
  • View: 648
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In the first three decades of the twentieth century, two groups of radical political theorists-one American and one British-were bound together in a unique ideological relationship. Pluralists, Progressives, and the Problems of the State provides the first comprehensive examination of the intellectual dialogue that constituted that bond. Drawing on extensive original archival research and employing conceptual, institutional and historical analysis, the book examines the efforts of these two initially distinctive political movements to forge a single ideology capable of motivating far-reaching reform in both of their countries. In so doing it challenges traditional narratives emphasizing the exceptional development of American progressivism and British socialism, arguing instead that the intellectual aspirations and political programmes of both were constantly shaped and reshaped by international ideological exchange. Such an analysis transforms our understanding of the complex political demands of these movements and enables the works of their leading protagonists, including G.D. H. Cole, Herbert Croly, Harold Laski, and Walter Lippmann, to emerge as rich and sophisticated contributions to modern political thought.

Interactionism

Interactionism

Exposition and Critique

  • Author: Larry T. Reynolds
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780930390655
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 3806
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Interactionism: Exposition and Critique offers a balanced overview of symbolic interactionism from its earliest precursors to its latest proponents and critics.

Popper, Objectivity and the Growth of Knowledge

Popper, Objectivity and the Growth of Knowledge

  • Author: John H. Sceski
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1441144374
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 174
  • View: 5041
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John H. Sceski argues that Karl Popper's philosophy offers a radical treatment of objectivity that can reconcile freedom and progress in a manner that preserves the best elements of the Enlightenment tradition. His book traces the development of Popper's account of objectivity by examining his original contributions to key issues in the philosophy of science. Popper's early confrontation with logical positivism, his rarely discussed four-fold treatment of the problem of induction, and his theory of propensities and evolutionary epistemology are linked in a novel way to produce a coherent and philosophically relevant picture of objectivity. Sceski also explores and clarifies many central issues in the philosophy of science such as probabilistic support, verisimilitude, and the relationship between special relativity and indeterminism. He concludes that Popper's account of objectivity can best bridge the gap between Enlightenment aims for science and freedom and post-modern misgivings about 'truth', by developing a philosophy that is non-foundationalist yet able to account for the growth of knowledge.

Handbuch Pragmatismus

Handbuch Pragmatismus

  • Author: Michael G. Festl
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3476045579
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 390
  • View: 8809
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Das Handbuch bietet einen umfassenden und verlässlichen Überblick über die Philosophie des Pragmatismus. Als eine jeglichem Dogmatismus feindlich gegenüberstehende Denkhaltung kann man den Pragmatismus als besonders geeignet ansehen, einen philosophischen Beitrag zur Lösung vielschichtiger Probleme der globalisierten Welt zu leisten. Das Handbuch ist in sechs inhaltliche Teile gegliedert. Ausgehend von den klassischen Denkern und damit den philosophischen Grundlagen des Pragmatismus, stehen inhaltlich-thematische Fragestellungen im Fokus sowie Positionen vor allem gegenwärtiger pragmatistischer Denkerinnen und Denker. Das Handbuch wird durch ein Kapitel beschlossen, das sich mit ausgewählten aktuellen philosophischen und gesellschaftlichen Themen und Herausforderungen beschäftigt und das die theoretischen Beiträge skizziert, die auf Basis des Pragmatismus hierzu gerade entwickelt werden.

Key Thinkers, Past and Present (RLE Social Theory)

Key Thinkers, Past and Present (RLE Social Theory)

  • Author: Jessica Kuper
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317651669
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 282
  • View: 3132
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This volume provides a fascinating perspective on the social sciences through its examination of the leading proponents, their ideas and careers. It includes useful suggestions for further reading. All the great names in the history of the subject are here – Freud, Marx, Weber, Adam Smith and so on – along with many less prominent but nevertheless important thinkers.

Introduction to Contemporary Social Theory

Introduction to Contemporary Social Theory

  • Author: Anthony Elliott,Charles Lemert
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136237380
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 466
  • View: 927
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In this comprehensive, stylish and accessible introduction to contemporary social theory, Anthony Elliott and Charles Lemert examine the major theoretical traditions from the Frankfurt School to globalization and beyond. When first published, the book’s wide range set new standards for introductory textbooks – social theorists discussed include Theodor Adorno, Herbert Marcuse, Michel Foucault, Jacques Lacan, Jacques Derrida, Anthony Giddens, Pierre Bourdieu, Julia Kristeva, Jurgen Habermas, Judith Butler, Slavoj Zizek, Manuel Castells, Ulrich Beck, Zygmunt Bauman, Giorgio Agamben and Manuel De Landa. Extensively developed to take into account significant recent developments in American social theory, the book offers chapters on American pragmatism, structural functionalism, ethnomethodology, black feminist thought and world-systems theory. American traditions of social theory are brought powerfully to life in treatments of intellectuals ranging from William James to Robert K. Merton, David Riesman to Randall Collins, and Patricia Hill Collins to Saskia Sassen. Introduction to Contemporary Social Theory combines lively exposition and clarity with reflective social critique and original insights, and is a superb textbook with which to navigate the twists and turns of contemporary social theory as taught in the disciplines of sociology, politics, history, cultural studies and many more.

With the Grain of the Universe

With the Grain of the Universe

The Church's Witness and Natural Theology

  • Author: Stanley Hauerwas
  • Publisher: Baker Books
  • ISBN: 1441244794
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 272
  • View: 855
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This major work by one of the world's top theologians offers a provocative and closely argued perspective on natural theology. Stanley Hauerwas shows how natural theology, divorced from a confessional doctrine of God, inevitably distorts our understanding of God's character and the world in which we live. This critically acclaimed book, winner of a Christianity Today Book Award, is now in paper. It includes a new afterword that sets the book in contemporary context and responds to critics.

Robert Frost and the Challenge of Darwin

Robert Frost and the Challenge of Darwin

  • Author: Robert Faggen
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 9780472087471
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 363
  • View: 7422
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A revealing look at Darwin's influence on the American poet Robert Frost

The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought

The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought

  • Author: John Dewey
  • Publisher: SIU Press
  • ISBN: 9780809327003
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 246
  • View: 4212
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Presenting Dewey’s new view of philosophical inquiry This critical edition of The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought presents the results of John Dewey’s patient construction, throughout the previous sixteen years, of the radically new view of the methods and concerns of philosophical inquiry. It was a view that he continued to defend for the rest of his life. In the 1910 The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought—the first collection of Dewey’s previously published, edited essays—John Dewey provided readers with an overview of the scope and direction of his philosophical vision in one volume. The order in which the eleven essays were presented was a reverse chronology, with more recently published essays appearing first. The collection of eleven essays offered a detailed portrait of Dewey’s proposed reconstruction of the traditional concepts of knowledge and truth. It furthermore elaborated on how his new logic and his proposal regarding knowledge and truth fit comfortably together, not only with each other but also with a pragmatically proper understanding of belief, reality, and experience. Because material in the Collected Works of John Dewey, 1882–1953 was published chronologically, however, the essays published together in the 1910 Darwin book have appeared in seven different volumes in the Collected Works. This new, critical edition restores a classic collection of essays authored and edited by John Dewey as they originally appeared in the volume. The edition is presented with ancillary materials, including responses by Dewey’s critics and an introduction by Douglas Browning.

Neuroscience, Neurophilosophy and Pragmatism

Neuroscience, Neurophilosophy and Pragmatism

Brains at Work with the World

  • Author: T. Solymosi,J. Shook
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137376074
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 326
  • View: 7318
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Bringing together active neuroscientists, neurophilosophers, and scholars this volume considers the prospects of a neuroscientifically-informed pragmatism and a pragmatically-informed neuroscience on issues ranging from the nature of mental life to the implications of neuroscience for education and ethics.

Pragmatism and Religion

Pragmatism and Religion

Classical Sources and Original Essays

  • Author: Stuart E. Rosenbaum
  • Publisher: University of Illinois Press
  • ISBN: 9780252071225
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 325
  • View: 7517
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American pragmatism is fertile soil for new growth in Western religious thought.

Meaning and Action

Meaning and Action

A Critical History of Pragmatism

  • Author: Horace Standish Thayer
  • Publisher: Hackett Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780915144747
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 616
  • View: 8579
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