Search Results for "darwinism-and-pragmatism"

Darwinism and Pragmatism

Darwinism and Pragmatism

William James on Evolution and Self-Transformation

  • Author: Lucas McGranahan
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 135197582X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 373
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Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection challenges our very sense of belonging in the world. Unlike prior evolutionary theories, Darwinism construes species as mutable historical products of a blind process that serves no inherent purpose. It also represents a distinctly modern kind of fallible science that relies on statistical evidence and is not verifiable by simple laboratory experiments. What are human purpose and knowledge if humanity has no pre-given essence and science itself is our finite and fallible product? According to the Received Image of Darwinism, Darwin’s theory signals the triumph of mechanism and reductionism in all science. On this view, the individual virtually disappears at the intersection of (internal) genes and (external) environment. In contrast, William James creatively employs Darwinian concepts to support his core conviction that both knowledge and reality are in the making, with individuals as active participants. In promoting this Pragmatic Image of Darwinism, McGranahan provides a novel reading of James as a philosopher of self-transformation. Like his contemporary Nietzsche, James is concerned first and foremost with the structure and dynamics of the finite purposive individual. This timely volume is suitable for advanced undergraduate, postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers interested in the fields of history of philosophy, history and philosophy of science, history of psychology, American pragmatism and Darwinism.

Darwinism and Pragmatism

Darwinism and Pragmatism

William James on Evolution and Self-Transformation

  • Author: Lucas McGranahan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 9781848935969
  • Category:
  • Page: 256
  • View: 4495
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Charles Darwin s theory of natural selection challenges our very sense of belonging in the world. Unlike prior evolutionary theories, Darwinism construes species as mutable historical products of a blind process that serves no inherent purpose. It also represents a distinctly modern kind of fallible science that relies on statistical evidence and is not verifiable by simple laboratory experiments. What are human purpose and knowledge if humanity has no pre-given essence and science itself is our finite and fallible product? According to the Received Image of Darwinism, Darwin s theory signals the triumph of mechanism and reductionism in all science. On this view, the individual virtually disappears at the intersection of (internal) genes and (external) environment. In contrast, William James creatively employs Darwinian concepts to support his core conviction that both knowledge and reality are in the making, with individuals as active participants. In promoting this Pragmatic Image of Darwinism, McGranahan provides a novel reading of James as a philosopher of self-transformation. Like his contemporary Nietzsche, James is concerned first and foremost with the structure and dynamics of the finite purposive individual. This timely volume is suitable for advanced undergraduate, postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers interested in the fields of history of philosophy, history and philosophy of science, history of psychology, American pragmatism and Darwinism. "

Darwinism and Pragmatism

Darwinism and Pragmatism

William James on Evolution and Self-Transformation

  • Author: Lucas McGranahan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351975811
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 9281
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection challenges our very sense of belonging in the world. Unlike prior evolutionary theories, Darwinism construes species as mutable historical products of a blind process that serves no inherent purpose. It also represents a distinctly modern kind of fallible science that relies on statistical evidence and is not verifiable by simple laboratory experiments. What are human purpose and knowledge if humanity has no pre-given essence and science itself is our finite and fallible product? According to the Received Image of Darwinism, Darwin’s theory signals the triumph of mechanism and reductionism in all science. On this view, the individual virtually disappears at the intersection of (internal) genes and (external) environment. In contrast, William James creatively employs Darwinian concepts to support his core conviction that both knowledge and reality are in the making, with individuals as active participants. In promoting this Pragmatic Image of Darwinism, McGranahan provides a novel reading of James as a philosopher of self-transformation. Like his contemporary Nietzsche, James is concerned first and foremost with the structure and dynamics of the finite purposive individual. This timely volume is suitable for advanced undergraduate, postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers interested in the fields of history of philosophy, history and philosophy of science, history of psychology, American pragmatism and Darwinism.

The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought

The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought

  • Author: John Dewey
  • Publisher: SIU Press
  • ISBN: 9780809327003
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 246
  • View: 4841
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Presenting Dewey’s new view of philosophical inquiry This critical edition of The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought presents the results of John Dewey’s patient construction, throughout the previous sixteen years, of the radically new view of the methods and concerns of philosophical inquiry. It was a view that he continued to defend for the rest of his life. In the 1910 The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought—the first collection of Dewey’s previously published, edited essays—John Dewey provided readers with an overview of the scope and direction of his philosophical vision in one volume. The order in which the eleven essays were presented was a reverse chronology, with more recently published essays appearing first. The collection of eleven essays offered a detailed portrait of Dewey’s proposed reconstruction of the traditional concepts of knowledge and truth. It furthermore elaborated on how his new logic and his proposal regarding knowledge and truth fit comfortably together, not only with each other but also with a pragmatically proper understanding of belief, reality, and experience. Because material in the Collected Works of John Dewey, 1882–1953 was published chronologically, however, the essays published together in the 1910 Darwin book have appeared in seven different volumes in the Collected Works. This new, critical edition restores a classic collection of essays authored and edited by John Dewey as they originally appeared in the volume. The edition is presented with ancillary materials, including responses by Dewey’s critics and an introduction by Douglas Browning.

Living with Darwin

Living with Darwin

Evolution, Design, and the Future of Faith

  • Author: Philip Kitcher
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199724994
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 9583
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Charles Darwin has been at the center of white-hot public debate for more than a century. In Living With Darwin, Philip Kitcher stokes the flames swirling around Darwin's theory, sifting through the scientific evidence for evolution, Creation Science, and Intelligent Design, and revealing why evolution has been the object of such vehement attack. Kitcher first provides valuable perspective on the present controversy, describing the many puzzles that blocked evolution's acceptance in the early years, and explaining how scientific research eventually found the answers to these conundrums. Interestingly, Kitcher shows that many of these early questions have been resurrected in recent years by proponents of Intelligent Design. In fact, Darwin himself considered the issue of intelligent design, and amassed a mountain of evidence that effectively refuted the idea. Kitcher argues that the problem with Intelligent Design isn't that it's "not science," as many critics say, but that it's "dead science," raising questions long resolved by scientists. But Kitcher points out that it is also important to recognize the cost of Darwin's success--the price of "life with Darwin." Darwinism has a profound effect on our understanding of our place in the universe, on our religious beliefs and aspirations. It is in truth the focal point of a larger clash between religious faith and modern science. Unless we can resolve this larger issue, the war over evolution will go on.

Conjectures and Refutations

Conjectures and Refutations

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge

  • Author: Karl Popper
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135971307
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 608
  • View: 8432
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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

America's Darwin

America's Darwin

Darwinian Theory and U.S. Literary Culture

  • Author: Tina Gianquitto,Lydia Fisher
  • Publisher: University of Georgia Press
  • ISBN: 0820344486
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 401
  • View: 513
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"The 16 essays in this collection explore the distinctive qualities of America's textual engagement with Darwinism - the ways in which Darwinian language and theories have made their way into American Literary and cultural texts, providing writers a new vocabulary to describe human affairs and interactions with other living organisms. The editors argue that attention to the specifics of Darwin's place in the American scene is vital in light of the particularities of the reception and uses of evolutionary theory in the U.S. - i.e. the nation's melting pot identity, its slave past, its particular brands of social Darwinism, and its school of Pragmatist philosophy. In her review of the proposal, Laura Dassow Walls pointed out that one of the most exciting aspects of this project is that the editors and authors are reading a wide range of Darwin's own texts and thereby recovering the Darwin that Americans actually encountered, the more subtle and challenging Darwin who energized modernist American literature, not the Social Darwinist constructed by Herbert Spencer."--

Living Constitution, Dying Faith

Living Constitution, Dying Faith

Progressivism and the New Science of Jurisprudence

  • Author: Bradley C. S. Watson
  • Publisher: Intercollegiate Studies Institute
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 241
  • View: 7906
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In Living Constitution, Dying Faith, political scientist and legal historian Bradley Watson examines how the contemporary embrace of the “living” Constitution has arisen from the radical transformation of American political thought. This transformation, brought about in the late nineteenth century by the philosophies of social Darwinism and pragmatism, explains how and why contemporary jurisprudence is so alien to the constitutionalism of the American Founders. To understand why today’s courts rule the way they do, one must start with the ideas exposed by and explained in Watson’s timely tome. Today’s view—rooted in progressivism—is not simply that we have an interpretable Constitution, but that we have a Constitution which must be interpreted in light of “historically situated,” continually evolving notions of the individual, the state, and society. This modern historical approach has been embraced by the judicial appointees of both Democratic and Republican presidents, by both liberals and conservatives, for a century or more. Living Constitution, Dying Faith shows how such an approach has directly undermined Americans’ faith in a limited Constitution—as well as their faith in the eternal verities.

Social Darwinism in American Thought

Social Darwinism in American Thought

  • Author: Richard Hofstadter
  • Publisher: Beacon Press
  • ISBN: 9780807055038
  • Category: History
  • Page: 248
  • View: 3983
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Tracing the impact of Darwin on thinkers throughout the gilded Age and the Progressive era, 'Social Darwinism' shows how a politically neutral scientific theory has been adapted with skillful rhetoric to contradictory purposes.

Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860-1945

Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860-1945

Nature as Model and Nature as Threat

  • Author: Mike Hawkins
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521574341
  • Category: History
  • Page: 344
  • View: 2905
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An analysis of the ideological influence of Social Darwinists in Europe and America.

Evolutionary Epistemology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge

Evolutionary Epistemology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge

  • Author: Gerard Radnitzky,Karl Raimund Popper
  • Publisher: Open Court Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780812690392
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 475
  • View: 8714
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This collection of essays in support of the theory of evolutionary epistemology includes articles by Karl Popper, Peter Munz and Gerhard Vollmer. This volume attempts to show how an evolutionary and non-justificational approach affects the sociology of knowledge.

Robert Frost and the Challenge of Darwin

Robert Frost and the Challenge of Darwin

  • Author: Robert Faggen
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 9780472087471
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 363
  • View: 1332
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A revealing look at Darwin's influence on the American poet Robert Frost

A Devil's Chaplain

A Devil's Chaplain

Reflections on Hope, Lies, Science, and Love

  • Author: Richard Dawkins
  • Publisher: HMH
  • ISBN: 0547416520
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 9180
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Essays on morality, mortality, and much more from the New York Times–bestselling author of The Selfish Gene and The God Delusion. This early collection of essays from renowned evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins is an enthusiastic declaration, a testament to the power of rigorous scientific examination to reveal the wonders of the world. In these essays, Dawkins revisits the meme, the unit of cultural information that he named and wrote about in his groundbreaking work, The Selfish Gene. Here also are moving tributes to friends and colleagues, including a eulogy for novelist Douglas Adams, author of The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy; correspondence with fellow biologist Stephen Jay Gould; commentary on the events of 9/11; and visits with the famed paleoanthropologists Richard and Meave Leakey at their African wildlife preserve. Ending with a vivid note to Dawkins’s ten-year-old daughter, reminding her to remain curious, ask questions, and live the examined life, A Devil’s Chaplain is a fascinating read by “a man of firm opinions, which he expresses with clarity and punch” (Scientific American).

The Promise of Pragmatism

The Promise of Pragmatism

Modernism and the Crisis of Knowledge and Authority

  • Author: John Patrick Diggins
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226148793
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 515
  • View: 4042
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For much of our century, pragmatism has enjoyed a charmed life, holding the dominant point of view in American politics, law, education, and social thought in general. After suffering a brief eclipse in the post-World War II period, pragmatism has experienced a revival, especially in literary theory and such areas as poststructuralism and deconstruction. In this critique of pragmatism and neopragmatism, one of our leading intellectual historians traces the attempts of thinkers from William James to Richard Rorty to find a response to the crisis of modernism. John Patrick Diggins analyzes the limitations of pragmatism from a historical perspective and dares to ask whether America's one original contribution to the world of philosophy has actually fulfilled its promise. "Diggins, an eminent historian of American intellectual life, has written a timely and impressive book charting the rich history of American pragmatism and placing William James, Charles Peirce, John Dewey, George Herbert Mead, Sidney Hook, and Richard Rorty in their times and in the light of contemporary concerns. The book also draws on an alternative set of American thinkers to explore the blind spots in the pragmatic temper."—William Connolly, New York Times Book Review "An extraordinarily ambitious work of both analysis and synthesis. . . . Diggins's book is rewarding in its thoughtfulness and its nuanced presentation of ideas."—Daniel J. Silver, Commentary "Diggins's superbly informed book comprises a comprehensive history of American pragmatic thought. . . . It contains expert descriptions of James, John Dewey and Charles Sanders Peirce, the first generation of American pragmatists. . . . Diggins is just as good on the revival of pragmatism that's taken place over the last 20 years in America. . . . [A] richly intelligent book."—Mark Edmundson, Washington Post Book World

Interactionism

Interactionism

Exposition and Critique

  • Author: Larry T. Reynolds
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780930390655
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 733
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Interactionism: Exposition and Critique offers a balanced overview of symbolic interactionism from its earliest precursors to its latest proponents and critics.

The Evolution of Institutional Economics

The Evolution of Institutional Economics

Agency, Structure, and Darwinism in American Institutionalism

  • Author: Geoffrey Martin Hodgson
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415322539
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 534
  • View: 4347
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This exciting new book from Geoffrey Hodgson is eagerly awaited by social scientists from many different backgrounds. This book charts the rise, fall and renewal of institutional economics in the critical, analytical and readable style that Hodgson's fans have come to know and love, and that a new generation of readers will surely come to appreciate.

A Brief History of American Culture

A Brief History of American Culture

  • Author: Robert Morse Crunden
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9781563248658
  • Category: History
  • Page: 363
  • View: 8293
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"The discussion of each period is wide-ranging, analyzing movements and spotlighting major figures in politics and philosophy, law and literature, economics and education, jazz and journalism, science and civil rights. A readable, insightful overview of the underlying patterns that give shape to U.S. cultural history. Nonacademic readers will find Crunden's selective bibliographical essay helpful". -- Booklist

Politics and Neo-Darwinism

Politics and Neo-Darwinism

and Other Essays

  • Author: Tom Rubens
  • Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
  • ISBN: 1845403568
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 168
  • View: 2433
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This collection of essays is eclectic, covering certain political, ethical, cultural, and philosophical topics. But running through all the material is the evolutionary-naturalistic perspective stated in the opening essay, which gives the book its title. Another emphatic feature is a focus on the Western cultural outlook, as the context in which the large number of topics is viewed. This focus is important as a way of re-affirming the distinctive character of Western intellectual and cultural history, at a time when that character is, arguably, not sufficiently recognised and appreciated. Authors referred to include Aristotle, Shakespeare, Voltaire, and Sartre.

Science and Religion

Science and Religion

Some Historical Perspectives

  • Author: John Hedley Brooke
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107664462
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 2436
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Offers an introduction and critical guide to the relationship between scientific thought and religious belief.