Search Results for "darwinism-and-the-divine"

Darwinism and the Divine

Darwinism and the Divine

Evolutionary Thought and Natural Theology

  • Author: Alister E. McGrath
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118697774
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3088
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Darwinism and the Divine examines the implications ofevolutionary thought for natural theology, from the time ofpublication of Darwin's On the Origin of Species tocurrent debates on creationism and intelligent design. Questions whether Darwin's theory of natural selection reallyshook our fundamental beliefs, or whether they served to transformand illuminate our views on the origins and meaning of life Identifies the forms of natural theology that emerged in19th-century England and how they were affected by Darwinism The most detailed study yet of the intellectual background toWilliam Paley's famous and influential approach to naturaltheology, set out in 1802 Brings together material from a variety of disciplines,including the history of ideas, historical and systematic theology,evolutionary biology, anthropology, sociology, and the cognitivescience of religion Considers how Christian belief has adapted to Darwinism, andasks whether there is a place for design both in the world ofscience and the world of theology A thought-provoking exploration of 21st-century views onevolutionary thought and natural theology, written by theworld-renowned theologian and bestselling author

Darwinism and the Divine in America

Darwinism and the Divine in America

Protestant Intellectuals and Organic Evolution, 1859-1900

  • Author: Jon H. Roberts
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 339
  • View: 6109
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This title provides a comprehensive analytical overview of public dialogue among 19th century American Protestant intellectuals who struggled with the theory of organic evolution. Arguments over the scientific merits of Darwin's theory gave way to discussions of its theological implications.

Divine Name Verification: An Essay on Anti-Darwinism, Intelligent Design, and the Computational Nature of Reality

Divine Name Verification: An Essay on Anti-Darwinism, Intelligent Design, and the Computational Nature of Reality

  • Author: Noah Horwitz
  • Publisher: punctum books
  • ISBN: 0615839088
  • Category: Theology, Practical
  • Page: 424
  • View: 4570
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In this book, Noah Horwitz argues that the age of Darwinism is ending. Building on the ontological insights of his first book Reality in the Name of God in order to intervene into the intelligent design versus evolution debate, Horwitz argues in favor of intelligent design by attempting to demonstrate the essentially computational nature of reality. In doing so, Horwitz draws on the work of many of today's key computational theorists (e.g., Wolfram, Chaitin, Friedkin, Lloyd, Schmidhuber, etc.) and articulates and defends a computational definition of life, and in the process lays out key criticisms of Darwinism. He does so in part by incorporating the insights of the Lamarckian theories of Lynn Margulis and Maximo Sandin. The possible criticisms of a computationalist view from both a developmental perspective (e.g., Lewontin, Jablonka, West-Eberhard, etc.) and chaos theory (e.g., Brian Goodwin) are addressed. In doing so, Horwitz engages critically with the work of intelligent design theorists like William Dembksi. At the same time, he attempts to define the nature of the Speculative Realist turn in contemporary Continental Philosophy and articulates criticisms of leading figures and movements associated with it, such as Object-Oriented Ontology, Quentin Meillassoux, and Ray Brassier. Ultimately, Horwitz attempts to show that rather than heading towards heat death, existence itself will find its own apotheosis at the Omega Point. However, that final glorification is only possible given that all of reality is compressible into the divine name itself.

Darwin, Dharma, and the Divine

Darwin, Dharma, and the Divine

Evolutionary Theory and Religion in Modern Japan

  • Author: G. Clinton Godart
  • Publisher: Studies of the Weatherhead Eas
  • ISBN: 9780824876838
  • Category: History
  • Page: 316
  • View: 4327
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Darwin, Dharma, and the Divine is the first book in English on the history of evolutionary theory in Japan. Bringing to life more than a century of ideas, G. Clinton Godart examines how and why Japanese intellectuals, religious thinkers of different faiths, philosophers, biologists, journalists, activists, and ideologues engaged with evolutionary theory and religion. How did Japanese religiously think about evolution? What were their main concerns? Did they reject evolution on religious grounds, or--as was more often the case--how did they combine evolutionary theory with their religious beliefs? Evolutionary theory was controversial and never passively accepted in Japan: It took a hundred years of appropriating, translating, thinking, and debating to reconsider the natural world and the relation between nature, science, and the sacred in light of evolutionary theory. Since its introduction in the nineteenth century, Japanese intellectuals--including Buddhist, Shinto, Confucian, and Christian thinkers--in their own ways and often with opposing agendas, struggled to formulate a meaningful worldview after Darwin. In the decades that followed, as the Japanese redefined their relation to nature and built a modern nation-state, the debates on evolutionary theory intensified and state ideologues grew increasingly hostile toward its principles. Throughout the religious reception of evolution was dominated by a long-held fear of the idea of nature and society as cold and materialist, governed by the mindless "struggle for survival." This aversion endeavored many religious thinkers, philosophers, and biologists to find goodness and the divine within nature and evolution. It was this drive, argues Godart, that shaped much of Japan's modern intellectual history and changed Japanese understandings of nature, society, and the sacred. Darwin, Dharma, and the Divine will contribute significantly to two of the most debated topics in the history of evolutionary theory: religion and the political legacy of evolution. It will, therefore, appeal to the broad audience interested in Darwin studies as well as students and scholars of Japanese intellectual history, religion, and philosophy.

The Religion and Science Debate

The Religion and Science Debate

Why Does It Continue?

  • Author: Harold W. Attridge
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300165005
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 240
  • View: 4179
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Eighty-one years after America witnessed the Scopes trial over the teaching of evolution in public schools, the debate between science and religion continues. In this book scholars from a variety of disciplines—sociology, history, science, and theology—provide new insights into the contemporary dialogue as well as some perspective suggestions for delineating the responsibilities of both the scientific and religious spheres. Why does the tension between science and religion continue? How have those tensions changed during the past one hundred years? How have those tensions impacted the public debate about so-called “intelligent design” as a scientific alternative to evolution? With wit and wisdom the authors address the conflict from its philosophical roots to its manifestations within American culture. In doing so, they take an important step toward creating a society that reconciles scientific inquiry with the human spirit. This book, which marks the one hundredth anniversary of The Terry Lecture Series, offers a unique perspective for anyone interested in the debate between science and religion in America.

Science and Religion in the Era of William James: Eclipse of certainty, 1820-1880

Science and Religion in the Era of William James: Eclipse of certainty, 1820-1880

  • Author: Paul Jerome Croce
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 9780807845066
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 390
  • View: 538
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In this cultural biography, Paul Croce investigates the contexts surrounding the early intellectual development of American philosopher William James (1842-1910). Croce places the young James at the center of key scientific and religious debates in Americ

The Creationist Debate, Second Edition

The Creationist Debate, Second Edition

The Encounter between the Bible and the Historical Mind

  • Author: Arthur McCalla
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1623561108
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 256
  • View: 8104
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Whereas scholarly study of Creationism usually places it in the context of religion and the history or philosophy of science, The Creationist Debate, here revised and completely updated in its second edition, has been written in the conviction that creationism is ultimately about the status of the Bible in the modern world. Creationism as a modern ideology exists in order to defend the authority of the Bible as a repository of transhistorical truth from the challenges of any and all historical sciences. It belongs to and is inseparable from Protestant Fundamentalists' desire to resubject the modern world to the authority of the inerrant Bible. Intelligent Design creationism, to the extent that it distinguishes itself from reactionary biblicism, is a program advocating a supernaturalist, providentialist understanding of the world. Accordingly, The Creationist Debate situates Creationism and Intelligent Design in relation to the rise, from the early modern period onwards, of historical thinking in various scientific and scholarly disciplines (including theories of the earth, chronology, civil history, geology, biblical criticism, paleontology, evolutionary biology, and anthropology) in their complex relationship to the status of the Bible as an historical authority. It argues that the debate over Creationism is at bottom a debate over how to interpret the biblical text rather than over how to interpret the world.

American Christianities

American Christianities

A History of Dominance and Diversity

  • Author: Catherine A. Brekus,W. Clark Gilpin
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 0807869147
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 544
  • View: 4565
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From the founding of the first colonies until the present, the influence of Christianity, as the dominant faith in American society, has extended far beyond church pews into the wider culture. Yet, at the same time, Christians in the United States have disagreed sharply about the meaning of their shared tradition, and, divided by denominational affiliation, race, and ethnicity, they have taken stances on every side of contested public issues from slavery to women's rights. This volume of twenty-two original essays, contributed by a group of prominent thinkers in American religious studies, provides a sophisticated understanding of both the diversity and the alliances among Christianities in the United States and the influences that have shaped churches and the nation in reciprocal ways. American Christianities explores this paradoxical dynamic of dominance and diversity that are the true marks of a faith too often perceived as homogeneous and monolithic. Contributors: Catherine L. Albanese, University of California, Santa Barbara James B. Bennett, Santa Clara University Edith Blumhofer, Wheaton College Ann Braude, Harvard Divinity School Catherine A. Brekus, University of Chicago Divinity School Kristina Bross, Purdue University Rebecca L. Davis, University of Delaware Curtis J. Evans, University of Chicago Divinity School Tracy Fessenden, Arizona State University Kathleen Flake, Vanderbilt University Divinity School W. Clark Gilpin, University of Chicago Divinity School Stewart M. Hoover, University of Colorado at Boulder Jeanne Halgren Kilde, University of Minnesota David W. Kling, University of Miami Timothy S. Lee, Brite Divinity School, Texas Christian University Dan McKanan, Harvard Divinity School Michael D. McNally, Carleton College Mark A. Noll, University of Notre Dame Jon Pahl, The Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia Sally M. Promey, Yale University Jon H. Roberts, Boston University Jonathan D. Sarna, Brandeis University

Evolution in the Antipodes: Charles Darwin and Australia

Evolution in the Antipodes: Charles Darwin and Australia

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: UNSW Press
  • ISBN: 1742240399
  • Category: Australia
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5993
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One Long Argument

One Long Argument

Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought

  • Author: Ernst Mayr
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674639065
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 195
  • View: 976
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Who could elucidate the subtitles of Darwin's thought and that of his contemporaries and intellectual heirs--A.R. Wallace, T.H. Huxley, August Weisman, Asa Gray--better then Ernst Mayr, a man considered by many to be the greatest evolutionist of the twentieth century? In this gem of historical scholarship, Mayr has achieved a remarkable distillation of Charles Darwin's scientific thought and his enormous legacy to twentieth-century biology.

Negotiating Darwin

Negotiating Darwin

The Vatican Confronts Evolution, 1877–1902

  • Author: Mariano Artigas,Rafael A. Martnez,Thomas F. Glick,Rafael A. Martínez
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801883897
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 326
  • View: 2091
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Drawing on primary sources made available to scholars only after the archives of the Holy Office were unsealed in 1998, Negotiating Darwin chronicles how the Vatican reacted when six Catholics—five clerics and one layman—tried to integrate evolution and Christianity in the decades following the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species. As Mariano Artigas, Thomas F. Glick, and Rafael A. Martínez reconstruct these cases, we see who acted and why, how the events unfolded, and how decisions were put into practice. With the long shadow of Galileo's condemnation hanging over the Church as the Scientific Revolution ushered in new paradigms, the Church found it prudent to avoid publicly and directly condemning Darwinism and thus treated these cases carefully. The authors reveal the ideological and operational stance of the Vatican and describe its secret deliberations. In the process, they provide insight into current debates on evolution and religious belief.

Darwinism and the Study of Society

Darwinism and the Study of Society

A centenary symposium

  • Author: Michael Banton
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134556381
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 5098
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Tavistock Press was established as a co-operative venture between the Tavistock Institute and Routledge & Kegan Paul (RKP) in the 1950s to produce a series of major contributions across the social sciences. This volume is part of a 2001 reissue of a selection of those important works which have since gone out of print, or are difficult to locate. Published by Routledge, 112 volumes in total are being brought together under the name The International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library: Classics from the Tavistock Press. Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1961 and is available individually. The collection is also available in a number of themed mini-sets of between 5 and 13 volumes, or as a complete collection.

Labor's Millennium

Labor's Millennium

Christianity, Industrial Education, and the Founding of the University of Illinois

  • Author: Brett H. Smith
  • Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN: 1630876941
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 200
  • View: 4774
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Historians have traditionally interpreted the American land-grant higher-education movement as the result of political and economic forces. Little attention has been given, however, to any explicit or implicit theological motivations for the movement. This book tells the story of how the Christian belief of many founders of the University of Illinois motivated their educational theory and practice. Constructing a social gospel of labor's millennium (their shorthand for God's kingdom being enhanced through agricultural and mechanical education), they initially proposed that the university would impart a millenarian blessing for the larger society by providing abundant food, economic prosperity, vocational dignity, and a charitable spirit of sacred unity and public service. Rich in primary-source research, Smith's account builds a compelling case for at least one such institution's adaptation of an inherited evangelical educational tradition, transitioning into a new era of higher learning that has left its mark on university life today.

Unsettled Minds

Unsettled Minds

Psychology and the American Search for Spiritual Assurance, 1830-1940

  • Author: Christopher G. White
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520942721
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 278
  • View: 5570
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This book examines how nineteenth- and twentieth-century American believers rejected older, often evangelical, theological traditions and turned to scientific psychologies to formulate new ideas about mind and spirit and new practices for spiritual growth. Christopher G. White looks in particular at how a group of liberal believers—including William James and G. Stanley Hall—turned away from traditional Christian orthodoxies and built a revised religious identity based on new psychological motifs and therapies. Unsettled Minds is the first book to explain the dramatic rise of new spiritualities of the mind, spiritualities that, by the early twenty-first century, were turning eagerly to scientific and clinical psychological studies to reimagine religion and the problems of religious uncertainty.

Darwin, Divinity, and the Dance of the Cosmos

Darwin, Divinity, and the Dance of the Cosmos

An Ecological Christianity

  • Author: Bruce Sanguin
  • Publisher: Wood Lake Publishing Inc.
  • ISBN: 1551455455
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3072
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In March 2005, the United Nations released its Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Among the findings: 2/3 of the world's ecosystems are seriously degraded; 90 percent of the world's fish stocks are depleted; and climate change is not just something that might happen, it is already upon us. Many people, including many Christians, will hear this and delude themselves into thinking that technology can and will save the day. A wiser and more helpful response, especially for Christians, is to find a way to step back into the flow of nature from which we have extricated ourselves. In "Darwin, Divinity, and the Dance of the Cosmos", Bruce Sanguin shows us the way. Sanguin draws on the latest scientific understandings of the nature of the universe and weaves them together with biblical meta-narratives and frequently overlooked strands of the Judeo-Christian tradition to create an ecological and truly evolutionary Christian theology -- a feat few theologians have even attempted. This book -- and more importantly the work of integration it suggests -- represents a fundamental challenge to our theological and liturgical models. But for those who are ready and willing to embark on an exciting theological journey of discovery, it also represents a rich opportunity to become reacquainted with the Spirit of God moving in and through the very dynamics of an unfolding universe. In "Darwin, Divinity, and the Dance of the Cosmos", Sanguin draws on the latest scientific understandings of the nature of the universe and weaves them together with biblical meta-narratives and frequently overlooked strands of the Judeo-Christian tradition to create an ecological and truly evolutionary Christian theology.

Science Talk

Science Talk

Changing Notions of Science in American Culture

  • Author: Daniel Patrick Thurs
  • Publisher: Rutgers University Press
  • ISBN: 0813541522
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 5887
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Science news is met by the public with a mixture of fascination and disengagement. On the one hand, Americans are inflamed by topics ranging from the question of whether or not Pluto is a planet to the ethics of stem-cell research. But the complexity of scientific research can also be confusing and overwhelming, causing many to divert their attentions elsewhere and leave science to the “experts.” Whether they follow science news closely or not, Americans take for granted that discoveries in the sciences are occurring constantly. Few, however, stop to consider how these advances—and the debates they sometimes lead to—contribute to the changing definition of the term “science” itself. Going beyond the issue-centered debates, Daniel Patrick Thurs examines what these controversies say about how we understand science now and in the future. Drawing on his analysis of magazines, newspapers, journals and other forms of public discourse, Thurs describes how science—originally used as a synonym for general knowledge—became a term to distinguish particular subjects as elite forms of study accessible only to the highly educated.

Darwin and the General Reader

Darwin and the General Reader

The Reception of Darwin's Theory of Evolution in the British Periodical Press, 1859-1872

  • Author: Alvar Ellegård
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226204871
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 394
  • View: 6416
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Drawing on his investigation of over one hundred mid-Victorian British newspapers and periodicals, Alvar Ellegård describes and analyzes the impact of Darwin's theory of evolution during the first dozen years after the publication of the Origin of Species. Although Darwin's book caused an immediate stir in literary and scientific periodicals, the popular press largely ignored it. Only after the work's implications for theology and the nature of man became evident did general publications feel compelled to react; each social group responded according to his own political and religious prejudices. Ellegård charts the impact of this revolution in science, maintaining that although the idea of evolution was generally accepted, Darwin's primary contribution, the theory of natural selection, was either ignored or rejected among the public.

Sherlock Holmes and Conan Doyle

Sherlock Holmes and Conan Doyle

Multi-Media Afterlives

  • Author: S. Vanacker,C. Wynne
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137291567
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 220
  • View: 1399
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Sherlock Holmes is an iconic figure within cultural narratives. More recently, Conan Doyle has also appeared as a fictional figure in contemporary novels and films, confusing the boundaries between fiction and reality. This collection investigates how Holmes and Doyle have gripped the public imagination to become central figures of modernity.

The Sacred and the Secular University

The Sacred and the Secular University

  • Author: Jon H. Roberts,James Turner
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691015562
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 184
  • View: 5843
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"The Sacred and the Secular University rewrites the history of higher eduction in the United States. It will interest all readers who are concerned about American universities and about how the content of a "college education" has changed over the course of the last century."--Jacket.

Kicking the Sacred Cow

Kicking the Sacred Cow

Questioning the Unquestionable and Thinking the Impermissible

  • Author: James P. Hogan
  • Publisher: Baen Books
  • ISBN: 0743488288
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 374
  • View: 5279
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Offers an inside look at some of the key controversies in modern science, providing a study of such topics as Darwinism, global warming, the Big Bang, relativity, and AIDS.