Search Results for "darwinism-democracy-and-race"

Darwinism, Democracy, and Race

Darwinism, Democracy, and Race

American Anthropology and Evolutionary Biology in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: John P Jackson,David J. Depew
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351810774
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 5957
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Darwinism, Democracy, and Race examines the development and defence of an argument that arose at the boundary between anthropology and evolutionary biology in twentieth-century America. In its fully articulated form, this argument simultaneously discredited scientific racism and defended free human agency in Darwinian terms. The volume is timely because it gives readers a key to assessing contemporary debates about the biology of race. By working across disciplinary lines, the book’s focal figures--the anthropologist Franz Boas, the cultural anthropologist Alfred Kroeber, the geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky, and the physical anthropologist Sherwood Washburn--found increasingly persuasive ways of cutting between genetic determinist and social constructionist views of race by grounding Boas’s racially egalitarian, culturally relativistic, and democratically pluralistic ethic in a distinctive version of the genetic theory of natural selection. Collaborators in making and defending this argument included Ashley Montagu, Stephen Jay Gould, and Richard Lewontin. Darwinism, Democracy, and Race will appeal to advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and academics interested in subjects including Philosophy, Critical Race Theory, Sociology of Race, History of Biology and Anthropology, and Rhetoric of Science.

The Marvelous Clouds

The Marvelous Clouds

Toward a Philosophy of Elemental Media

  • Author: John Durham Peters
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022625383X
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 410
  • View: 7503
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In medias res -- Understanding media -- Of cetaceans and ships; or, the moorings of our being -- The fire sermon -- Lights in the firmament: sky media I (Chronos) -- The times and the seasons: sky media II (Kairos) -- The face and the book (inscription media) -- God and Google -- Conclusion: the sabbath of meaning -- Appendix: nonsimultaneity in cetacean communication.

American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia

American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia

  • Author: Bret Carroll
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1452265712
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 5538
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"This is a highly recommended purchase for undergraduate, medium-sized, and large public libraries wishing to provide a substantial introduction to the field of men's studies." --Reference & User Services Quarterly "Pleasing layout and good cross-references make Carroll's compendium a welcome addition to collections serving readers of all ages. Highly recommended." --CHOICE "An excellent index, well-chosen photographs and illustrations, and an extensive bibliography add further value. American Masculinities is well worth what would otherise be too hefty a price for many libraries because no other encyclopedia comes close to covering this growing field so well." --American Reference Books Annual American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia is a first-of-its-kind reference, detailing developments in the growing field of men's studies. This up-to-date analytical review serves as a marker of how the field has evolved over the last decade, especially since the 1993 publication of Anthony Rotundo's American Manhood. This seminal book opened new vistas for exploration and research into American History, society, and culture. Weaving the fabric of American history, American Masculinities illustrates how American political leaders have often used the rhetoric of manliness to underscore the presumed moral righteousness and ostensibly protective purposes of their policies. Seeing U.S. history in terms of gender archetypes, readers will gain a richer and deeper understanding of America's democratic political system, domestic and foreign policies, and capitalist economic system, as well as the "private" sphere of the home and domestic life. The contributors to American Masculinities share the assumption that men's lives have been grounded fundamentally in gender, that is, in their awareness of themselves as males. Their approach goes beyond scholarship which traditionally looks at men (and women) in terms of what they do and how they have influenced a given field or era. Rather, this important work delves into the psychological core of manhood which is shaped not only by biology, but also by history, society, and culture. Encapsulating the current state of scholarly interpretation within the field of Men's Studies, American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia is designed to help students and scholars advance their studies, develop new questions for research, and stimulate new ways of exploring the history of American life. Key Features - Reader's Guide facilitates browsing by topic and easy access to information - Extensive name, place, and concept index gives users an additional means of locating topics of interest - More than 250 entries, each with suggestions for further reading - Cross references direct users to related information - Comprehensive bibliography includes a list of sources organized by categories in the field Topics Covered - Arts, Literature, and Popular Culture - Body, Health, and Sexuality - Class, Ethnic, Racial, and Religious Identities - Concepts and Theories - Family and Fatherhood - General History - Icons and Symbols - Leisure and Work - Movements and Organizations - People - Political and Social Issues About the Editor Bret E. Carroll is Associate Professor of History at California State University, Stanislaus. He received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1991. He is author of The Routledge Historical Atlas of Religion in America (1997), Spiritualism in Antebellum America (1997), and several articles on nineteenth-century masculinity.

That Mean Old Yesterday

That Mean Old Yesterday

  • Author: Stacey Patton
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 074329310X
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 320
  • View: 7303
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In this astonishing coming-of-age memoir, collegiate Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Patton relays how she survived her adoptive family's abuse through her determination to be the best student--and human being--she could possibly be.

Vorlesungen über den Menschen, seine Stellung in der Schöpfung und in der Geschichte der Erde

Vorlesungen über den Menschen, seine Stellung in der Schöpfung und in der Geschichte der Erde

  • Author: Carl Vogt
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 328
  • View: 3168
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Access to History: Democracy and Dictatorship in Germany 1919-63

Access to History: Democracy and Dictatorship in Germany 1919-63

  • Author: Geoff Layton
  • Publisher: Hachette UK
  • ISBN: 1444150502
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 400
  • View: 4088
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The Access to History series is the most popular and trusted series for AS and A level history students. Beginning in 1918 with the German Revolution, this title charts the course of German history over this period, and the changing nature of democracy and dicatorship. It goes on to explore the emergence of the Weimar Republic with its inherent weaknesses and the subsequent rise of the Nazis. Nazi society, economy and political structures are examined thoroughly. The book then goes on to consider the course of German society to 1963, considering the consequences of the Second World War, the creation of two Germanys and the changes that took place throughout. Key dates, terms and issues are highlighted, and historical interpretations of key debates are outlined. Summary diagrams are included to consolidate knowledge and understanding of the period, and exam-style questions and tips written by an examiner provide the opportunity to develop exam skills.

The Politics of Race

The Politics of Race

Canada, Australia, the United States

  • Author: Edward Osei-Kwadwo
  • Publisher: Dundurn
  • ISBN: 9780919614925
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 222
  • View: 1431
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This book shows how race regimes worked in Canada, Australia, and the United States.

Postmodernism, Unraveling Racism, and Democratic Institutions

Postmodernism, Unraveling Racism, and Democratic Institutions

  • Author: John W. Murphy,Jung Min Choi
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780275956646
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 135
  • View: 6553
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Professors Murphy and Choi use postmodern philosophy to expose an important source of racism and cultural domination. They examine foundationalism, which they see at the core of the Western intellectual tradition and which is shown to foster a metaphysics of domination. By contrast, postmodernism undermines this root of racism. They demonstrate that foundationalism is not needed to support identity, institutions, or political order. Indeed, they assert that true pluralism is possible once foundationalist approaches to knowledge and order are set aside. Special attention is directed to two current modes of discrimination: institutional racism and symbolic violence. Murphy and Choi provide an intriguing look at ways to undercut the justification for racism and other threats to cultural difference. This volume will be of particular interest to scholars and other researchers in the areas of race relations, cultural studies, and political theory.

Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey

Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey

  • Author: Ahmet T. Kuru,Alfred Stepan
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231530250
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 5419
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While Turkey has grown as a world power, promoting the image of a progressive and stable nation, several choices in policy have strained its relationship with the East and the West. Providing historical, social, and religious context for this behavior, the essays in Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey examine issues relevant to Turkish debates and global concerns, from the state's position on religion to its involvement with the European Union. Written by experts in a range of disciplines, the chapters explore the toleration of diversity during the Ottoman Empire's classical period; the erosion of ethno-religious heterogeneity in modern, pre-democratic times; Kemalism and its role in modernization and nation building; the changing political strategies of the military; and the effect of possible EU membership on domestic reforms. The essays also offer a cross-Continental comparison of "multiple secularisms," as well as political parties, considering especially Turkey's Justice and Development Party in relation to Europe's Christian Democratic parties. Contributors tackle critical research questions, such as the legacy of the Ottoman Empire's ethno-religious plurality and the way in which Turkey's assertive secularism can be softened to allow greater space for religious actors. They address the military's "guardian" role in Turkey's secularism, the implications of recent constitutional amendments for democratization, and the consequences and benefits of Islamic activism's presence within a democratic system. No other collection confronts Turkey's contemporary evolution so vividly and thoroughly or offers such expert analysis of its crucial social and political systems. Contributors: Karen Barkey (Columbia University) Ümit Cizre (Istanbul Sehir University) M. Sükrü Hanioglu (Princeton University) Stathis N. Kalyvas (Yale University) Ahmet T. Kuru (San Diego State University) Joost Lagendijk (Sabanc University) Ergun Özbudun (Bilkent University) Alfred Stepan (Columbia University)

Ethnic Identity Groups and U.S. Foreign Policy

Ethnic Identity Groups and U.S. Foreign Policy

  • Author: Thomas Ambrosio
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780275975326
  • Category: History
  • Page: 232
  • View: 4188
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Ambrosio and his colleagues provide a unique collection of essays on the relationship between ethnic identity groups and U.S. foreign policy. The book covers a wide range of issues, historical periods, and geographic regions. Integrated chapters examine four major issues: the traditional (white) role of ethnicity in U.S. foreign policy; ethnic identity group mobilization; newcomers to the foreign policy process; and the complexities of ethnic identity politics.

Race and the Making of American Liberalism

Race and the Making of American Liberalism

  • Author: Carol A. Horton
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780195349467
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 570
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Race and the Making of American Liberalism traces the roots of the contemporary crisis of progressive liberalism deep into the nation's racial past. Horton argues that the contemporary conservative claim that the American liberal tradition has been rooted in a "color blind" conception of individual rights is innaccurate and misleading. In contrast, American liberalism has alternatively served both to support and oppose racial hierarchy, as well as socioeconomic inequality more broadly. Racial politics in the United States have repeatedly made it exceedingly difficult to establish powerful constituencies that understand socioeconomic equity as vital to American democracy and aspire to limit gross disparities of wealth, power, and status. Revitalizing such equalitarian conceptions of American liberalism, Horton suggests, will require developing new forms of racial and class identity that support, rather than sabotage this fundamental political commitment.

Black Newspapers and America's War for Democracy, 1914-1920

Black Newspapers and America's War for Democracy, 1914-1920

  • Author: William G. Jordan
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 080787552X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 4572
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During World War I, the publishers of America's crusading black newspapers faced a difficult dilemma. Would it be better to advance the interests of African Americans by affirming their patriotism and offering support of President Wilson's war for democracy in Europe, or should they demand that the government take concrete steps to stop the lynching, segregation, and disfranchisement of blacks at home as a condition of their participation in the war? This study of their efforts to resolve that dilemma offers important insights into the nature of black protest, race relations, and the role of the press in a republican system. William Jordan shows that before, during, and after the war, the black press engaged in a delicate and dangerous dance with the federal government and white America--at times making demands or holding firm, sometimes pledging loyalty, occasionally giving in. But although others have argued that the black press compromised too much, Jordan demonstrates that, given the circumstances, its strategic combination of protest and accommodation was remarkably effective. While resisting persistent threats of censorship, the black press consistently worked at educating America about the need for racial justice.

Democracy and Poetry

Democracy and Poetry

  • Author: Robert Penn Warren
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674196261
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 102
  • View: 511
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The distinguished poet, novelist, and critic offers two personal meditations on the interrelationships among American democracy, conceptual and actual, the making of art, and the diminishing notion of selfhood crucial to both

Racism in a Racial Democracy

Racism in a Racial Democracy

The Maintenance of White Supremacy in Brazil

  • Author: France Winddance Twine
  • Publisher: Rutgers University Press
  • ISBN: 9780813523651
  • Category: History
  • Page: 175
  • View: 5924
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In Racism in a Racial Democracy, France Winddance Twine asks why Brazilians, particularly Afro-Brazilians, continue to have faith in Brazil's "racial democracy" in the face of pervasive racism in all spheres of Brazilian life. Through a detailed ethnography, Twine provides a cultural analysis of the everyday discursive and material practices that sustain and naturalize white supremacy. This is the first ethnographic study of racism in southeastern Brazil to place the practices of upwardly mobile Afro-Brazilians at the center of analysis. Based on extensive field research and more than fifty life histories with Afro- and Euro-Brazilians, this book analyzes how Brazilians conceptualize and respond to racial disparities. Twine illuminates the obstacles Brazilian activists face when attempting to generate grassroots support for an antiracist movement among the majority of working class Brazilians. Anyone interested in racism and antiracism in Latin America will find this book compelling.

The Victorian Reinvention of Race

The Victorian Reinvention of Race

New Racisms and the Problem of Grouping in the Human Sciences

  • Author: Edward Beasley
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136923993
  • Category: History
  • Page: 258
  • View: 5428
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In mid-Victorian England there were new racial categories based upon skin colour. The 'races' familiar to those in the modern west were invented and elaborated after the decline of faith in Biblical monogenesis in the early nineteenth century, and before the maturity of modern genetics in the middle of the twentieth. Not until the early nineteenth century would polygenetic and racialist theories win many adherents. But by the middle of the nineteenth century in England, racial categories were imposed upon humanity. How the idea of 'race' gained popularity in England at that time is the central focus of The Victorian Reinvention of Race: New Racisms and the Problem of Grouping in the Human Sciences. Scholars have linked this new racism to some very dodgy thinkers. The Victorian Reinvention of Race examines a more influential set of the era's writers and colonial officials, some French but most of them British. Attempting to do serious social analysis, these men oversimplified humanity into biologically-heritable, mentally and morally unequal, colour-based 'races'. Thinkers giving in to this racist temptation included Alexis de Tocqueville when he was writing on Algeria; Arthur de Gobineau (who influenced the Nazis); Walter Bagehot of The Economist; and Charles Darwin (whose Descent of Man was influenced by Bagehot). Victorians on Race also examines officials and thinkers (such as Tocqueville in Democracy in America, the Duke of Argyll, and Governor Gordon of Fiji) who exercised methodological care, doing the hard work of testing their categories against the evidence. They analyzed human groups without slipping into racial categorization. Author Edward Beasley examines the extent to which the Gobineau-Bagehot-Darwin way of thinking about race penetrated the minds of certain key colonial governors. He further explores the hardening of the rhetoric of race-prejudice in some quarters in England in the nineteenth century – the processes by which racism was first formed.

Women and Democracy in Cold War Japan

Women and Democracy in Cold War Japan

  • Author: Jan Bardsley
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 147253381X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 224
  • View: 8792
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Women and Democracy in Cold War Japan offers a fresh perspective on gender politics by focusing on the Japanese housewife of the 1950s as a controversial representation of democracy, leisure, and domesticity. Examining the shifting personae of the housewife, especially in the appealing texts of women's magazines, reveals the diverse possibilities of postwar democracy as they were embedded in media directed toward Japanese women. Each chapter explores the contours of a single controversy, including debate over the royal wedding in 1959, the victory of Japan's first Miss Universe, and the unruly desires of postwar women. Jan Bardsley also takes a comparative look at the ways in which the Japanese housewife is measured against equally stereotyped notions of the modern housewife in the United States, asking how both function as narratives of Japan-U.S. relations and gender/class containment during the early Cold War.

Race, Gender, And Supremacy

Race, Gender, And Supremacy

  • Author: William Sweet,Mark Spencer
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 9781843715979
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 274
  • View: 3326
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Darwinism and the Study of Society

Darwinism and the Study of Society

A centenary symposium

  • Author: Michael Banton
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134556381
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 4290
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Tavistock Press was established as a co-operative venture between the Tavistock Institute and Routledge & Kegan Paul (RKP) in the 1950s to produce a series of major contributions across the social sciences. This volume is part of a 2001 reissue of a selection of those important works which have since gone out of print, or are difficult to locate. Published by Routledge, 112 volumes in total are being brought together under the name The International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library: Classics from the Tavistock Press. Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1961 and is available individually. The collection is also available in a number of themed mini-sets of between 5 and 13 volumes, or as a complete collection.

Genie und Vererbung (Classic Reprint)

Genie und Vererbung (Classic Reprint)

  • Author: Francis Galton
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781332457298
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 456
  • View: 8701
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Excerpt from Genie und Vererbung Die Bucherei hat es sich zur Aufgabe gemacht, einerseits dem deutschen Publikum die Hauptwerke der auslandischen Philosophie und Soziologie in guten Ubersetzungen nahezubringen, andererseits auch wertvolle deutsche Originalarbeiten in ihren Rahmen aufzunehmen. Wie ihr Erscheinen von den Fachgenossen aufgenommen wurde, zeigt eine Zuschirift Rudolf Euckens der dem Verleger folgendermassen schreibt: "Ich wunsche von Herzen Gluck zu den bedeutenden wissenschaftlichen Unternehmungen, die sie beginnen. Ich glaube, dass hier in Wahrheit eine Lucke besteht, welche dringend der Ausfullung bedarf: wir Deutschen haben zu wenig Beziehung zu den inneren geistigen Bewegungen der anderen Kulturvolker, und wir konnten daraus doch manches gewinnen." Es sollen ausser deutschen Philosophen zunachst die bedeutendsten Vertreter der auslandischen Philosophie mit charakteristischen Werken zu Worte kommen, daneben wird Ruck sieht darauf genommen, dass nicht nur fur den Fachmann interessante Werke zur Verdeutschung kommen, sondern auch solche, die fur ein grosseres philosophisch und soziologisch interessiertes Publikum Wert haben. Die beste Auskunft uber Plan und Ab sichten des Unternehmens gibt ein Blick auf die Titel der schon erschienenen und vorbereiteten Bande. Ein ausfuhrlicher Spezialprospekt uber die Gebiete Philosophie-Soziologie steht jederzeit umsonst zu Diensten. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works."