Search Results for "darwinism-dominance-and-democracy"

Darwinism, Dominance, and Democracy

Darwinism, Dominance, and Democracy

The Biological Bases of Authoritarianism

  • Author: Albert Somit,Steven A. Peterson
  • Publisher: Praeger Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780275958176
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 141
  • View: 1877
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Somit and Peterson seek to explain an incontrovertible, though hardly welcome fact: throughout human history, the overwhelming majority of political societies have been characterized by the rule of the few over the many, by dominance and submission, by command and obedience. Evolutionary theory provides an important part of the explanation: humans have been subject to natural selection and one result is that the species tends to feature dominance hierarchies, obedience to authority, and indoctrinability as various means of maintaining social order. These evolution-based behavioral tendencies help to explain the success of authoritarianism and the relative lack of success of democracy over time.

The Climate Change Challenge and the Failure of Democracy

The Climate Change Challenge and the Failure of Democracy

  • Author: David J. C. Shearman,Joseph Wayne Smith
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313345043
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 181
  • View: 4063
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This provocative book presents compelling evidence that the fundamental problem behind environmental destruction—and climate change in particular—is the operation of liberal democracy.

Holistic Darwinism

Holistic Darwinism

Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

  • Author: Peter Corning
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226116136
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 546
  • View: 5788
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Addresses many of the issues and concepts associated with the evolution of complex systems. Offering approaches to thermodynamics, information theory, and economic analysis, the author suggests how all of these domains can be brought firmly within what he characterizes as a postneo-Darwinian evolutionary synthesis.

Die List der Gene

Die List der Gene

Strategeme eines neuen Menschen

  • Author: Bernhard Kleeberg
  • Publisher: Gunter Narr Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783823357100
  • Category: Human genetics
  • Page: 260
  • View: 6746
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The Evolution of Human Sociality

The Evolution of Human Sociality

A Darwinian Conflict Perspective

  • Author: Stephen K. Sanderson
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780847695355
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 393
  • View: 7856
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This text attempts a broad theoretical synthesis within the field of sociology and its closely allied sister discipline of anthropology. It draws together these disciplines' theoretical approaches into a synthesized theory called Darwinian conflict theory.

The Failure of Democratic Nation Building: Ideology Meets Evolution

The Failure of Democratic Nation Building: Ideology Meets Evolution

  • Author: A. Somit,S. Peterson
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1403978425
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 159
  • View: 8616
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Throughout history authoritarian governments have outnumbered democratic ones to an overwhelming degree. Even today, true democracies are an exception. In this book, Somit and Peterson argue that the main reason for this pattern is that humans are social primates with an innate tendency for hierarchical and authoritarian social and political structures. Democracy requires very special 'enabling conditions' before it can be supported by a state, conditions that require decades to evolve. As a result, attempts to export democracy through nation-building to states without these enabling conditions are doomed to failure. The authors argue that money and energy devoted to nation-building around the globe by the U.S. would be better spent on problems facing the country domestically.

Human Nature and Public Policy

Human Nature and Public Policy

An Evolutionary Approach

  • Author: A. Somit,S. Peterson
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1403982090
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 266
  • View: 8499
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Arguing for an evolutionary perspective, this book directly challenges the Standard Social Science Model (SSSM) on which public policy has often been based. The SSSM maintains that human behavior is solely the product of culture and learning. In sharp contrast, the Evolutionary Model (EM) holds that our behavior flows from the interaction between learning and culture, on the one hand, and biological factors-especially our evolutionary legacy-on the other. These different approaches to human behavior understandably lead to divergent conceptions of sound domestic and foreign policy. The SSSM views human behavior as essentially plastic and thus readily changed by governmental action. Disagreeing, the Evolutionary Model sees that malleability as seriously limited by our species' evolved propensity for aggression, status seeking, xenophobia, ethnocentrism, and hierarchical social structures.

The Future of Democracy

The Future of Democracy

A Defence of the Rules of the Game

  • Author: Norberto Bobbio
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 9780816615841
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 184
  • View: 1179
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Norberto Bobbio is the foremost political theorist in Italy today. Written with verve and passion as well as erudition, this important work will make a major contribution to current debates in social and political theory. It will be of great interest to students of sociology, politics and philosophy, as well as to anyone concerned with the nature and future of democracy.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

  • Author: Yuval Noah Harari
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 364110498X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 528
  • View: 2697
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The Origins of Modern Freedom in the West

The Origins of Modern Freedom in the West

  • Author: Richard W. Davis
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780804724746
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 5297
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The volume begins with a study by Douglass C. North that emphasizes the economic and social factors that encouraged the development of freedom in the West and inhibited its development in other societies, notably China. The Greeks first devised civil and political liberty, and also were the first to have a word, eleutheria, for the concept. Martin Ostwald traces the history of the word over the course of Greek history, seeking when and why it assumed a meaning similar to freedom. Brian Tierney demonstrates how the medieval Church, by perpetuating Roman traditions of popular election and inspiring representative government, was vital to the development of modern freedom. The earliest secular institutions to follow the example of the Church in shaping their own governments were the towns of Italy, and John Hine Mundy shows how the towns served as the initial training grounds for laymen in the practice of free government. Monarchs whose coffers were depleted by continuous warfare sought to tap the resources of the wealthy towns and better-off rural residents, but these long-independent groups were not easily bullied and gathered their representatives together to negotiate taxation and grievances. In two chapters, H. G. Koenigsberger traces this background of parliaments and estates from all over Europe from the thirteenth century through the early modern era. In seventeenth-century England, parliamentary legislation would become the major vehicle for protecting the liberties of the subject. Before that, however, the common law courts were the main arena for advancing freedom, as J. H. Baker shows in his examination of the key developments in the common law. Traditionally, the Renaissance and the Reformation have been looked upon as largely separate phenomena. William J. Bouwsma asserts that in fact they were closely linked, with profound consequences for the shaping of modern freedom. Donald R. Kelley discusses the various forms and justifications of resistance that arose against the powerful monarchies that had emerged from the chaos and confusion of the fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries.

Socioeconomic democracy

Socioeconomic democracy

an advanced socioeconomic system

  • Author: Robley E. George
  • Publisher: Praeger Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780275973759
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 305
  • View: 9136
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A powerful critique of current economic paradigms, and call to create an alternative of "socioeconomic democracy."

Die Null-Grenzkosten-Gesellschaft

Die Null-Grenzkosten-Gesellschaft

Das Internet der Dinge, kollaboratives Gemeingut und der Rückzug des Kapitalismus

  • Author: Jeremy Rifkin
  • Publisher: Campus Verlag
  • ISBN: 3593425165
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 525
  • View: 5161
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Teilen ist das neue Besitzen Der Kapitalismus geht zu Ende? Eine gewagte These! Doch wer könnte eine solch spannende Zukunftsvision mit Leben füllen? Jeremy Rifkin - Regierungsberater, Zukunftsvisionär und Bestsellerautor. Kurz: "einer der 150 einflussreichsten Intellektuellen der Welt" (National Journal). Rifkin ist überzeugt: Das Ende des Kapitalismus kommt nicht von heute auf morgen, aber dennoch unaufhaltsam. Die Zeichen dafür sind längst unübersehbar: - Die Produktionskosten sinken. - Wir leben in einer Share Economy, in der immer mehr das Teilen, Tauschen und Teilnehmen im Fokus steht. - Das Zeitalter der intelligenten Gegenstände - das Internet der Dinge - ist gekommen. Es fördert die Produktivität in einem Maße, dass die Grenzkosten vieler Güter und Dienstleistungen nahezu null sind, was sie praktisch kostenlos macht. - Eine einst auf Knappheit gegründete Ökonomie macht immer mehr einer Ökonomie des Überflusses Platz. Ein neues Buch für eine neue Zeit Jeremy Rifkin fügt in seinem neuen Buch "Die Null-Grenzkosten-Gesellschaft. Das Internet der Dinge, kollaboratives Gemeingut und der Rückzug des Kapitalismus" die Koordinaten der neuen Zeit endlich zu einem erkennbaren Bild zusammen. Aus unserer industriell geprägten erwächst eine globale, gemeinschaftlich orientierte Gesellschaft. In ihr ist Teilen mehr wert als Besitzen, sind Bürger über nationale Grenzen hinweg politisch aktiv und steht das Streben nach Lebensqualität über dem nach Reichtum. Die Befreiung vom Diktat des Eigentums hat begonnen und mit ihr eine neue Zeit. - Wie wird dieser fundamentale Wandel unser Leben verändern? - Wie wird der Wandel unsere Zukunft bestimmen? - Was heißt das schon heute für unseren Alltag? Kein anderer könnte die Zeichen der Zeit besser für uns deuten als der Zukunftsvisionär Rifkin in seinem neuen Buch.

Taking Sides

Taking Sides

Clashing Views on Controversial Political Issues

  • Author: George McKenna,Stanley Feingold
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill College
  • ISBN: 9780072422511
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 404
  • View: 5522
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Presents opposing viewpoints on twenty-one controversial political issues, covering democracy, government institutions, social change, and other topics.

Choice

Choice

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Academic libraries
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7017
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The Origins of Human Behaviour

The Origins of Human Behaviour

  • Author: Robert Foley
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0203168755
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 144
  • View: 7592
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This volume explores the diverse ways in which the evolution of human behaviour can be investigated, and confronts the most challenging aspects of the subject.

The Best Books for Academic Libraries: Political science, law, education

The Best Books for Academic Libraries: Political science, law, education

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Best Books
  • ISBN: 9780722200179
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 412
  • View: 4293
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Books recommended for undergraduate and college libraries listed by Library of Congress Classification Numbers.

12 Rules For Life

12 Rules For Life

Ordnung und Struktur in einer chaotischen Welt - Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben!

  • Author: Jordan B. Peterson
  • Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
  • ISBN: 3641239842
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 6335
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Der Nr.1-Bestseller aus den USA: Wie man in einer von Chaos und Irrsinn regierten Welt bei Verstand bleibt! Wie können wir in der modernen Welt überleben? Jordan B. Peterson beantwortet diese Frage humorvoll, überraschend und informativ. Er erklärt, warum wir Kinder beim Skateboarden alleine lassen sollten, welches grausame Schicksal diejenigen ereilt, die alles allzu schnell kritisieren und warum wir Katzen, die wir auf der Straße antreffen, immer streicheln sollten. Doch was bitte erklärt uns das Nervensystem eines Hummers über unsere Erfolgschancen im Leben? Und warum beteten die alten Ägypter die Fähigkeit zu genauer Beobachtung als höchste Gottheit an? Dr. Peterson diskutiert Begriffe wie Disziplin, Freiheit, Abenteuer und Verantwortung und kondensiert Wahrheit und Weisheit der Welt in 12 praktischen Lebensregeln. »12 Rules For Life« erschüttert die Grundannahmen von moderner Wissenschaft, Glauben und menschlicher Natur. Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben garantiert!

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography

  • Author: Arthur James Wells
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: English literature
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 531
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