Search Results for "degeneration-of-abelian-varieties-ergebnisse-der-mathematik-und-ihrer-grenzgebiete-3-folge-a-series-of-modern-surveys-in-mathematics"

Degeneration of Abelian Varieties

Degeneration of Abelian Varieties

  • Author: Gerd Faltings,Ching-Li Chai
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3662026325
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 318
  • View: 5000
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A new and complete treatment of semi-abelian degenerations of abelian varieties, and their application to the construction of arithmetic compactifications of Siegel moduli space, with most of the results being published for the first time. Highlights of the book include a classification of semi-abelian schemes, construction of the toroidal and the minimal compactification over the integers, heights for abelian varieties over number fields, and Eichler integrals in several variables, together with a new approach to Siegel modular forms. A valuable source of reference for researchers and graduate students interested in algebraic geometry, Shimura varieties or diophantine geometry.

Degeneration of Abelian Varieties

Degeneration of Abelian Varieties

  • Author: Gerd Faltings,Ching-Li Chai
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3662026325
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 318
  • View: 7119
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A new and complete treatment of semi-abelian degenerations of abelian varieties, and their application to the construction of arithmetic compactifications of Siegel moduli space, with most of the results being published for the first time. Highlights of the book include a classification of semi-abelian schemes, construction of the toroidal and the minimal compactification over the integers, heights for abelian varieties over number fields, and Eichler integrals in several variables, together with a new approach to Siegel modular forms. A valuable source of reference for researchers and graduate students interested in algebraic geometry, Shimura varieties or diophantine geometry.

A Celebration of Algebraic Geometry

A Celebration of Algebraic Geometry

  • Author: Brendan Hassett,James McKernan,Jason Starr,Ravi Vakil
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 0821889834
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 599
  • View: 3108
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This volume resulted from the conference A Celebration of Algebraic Geometry, which was held at Harvard University from August 25-28, 2011, in honor of Joe Harris' 60th birthday. Harris is famous around the world for his lively textbooks and enthusiastic teaching, as well as for his seminal research contributions. The articles are written in this spirit: clear, original, engaging, enlivened by examples, and accessible to young mathematicians. The articles in this volume focus on the moduli space of curves and more general varieties, commutative algebra, invariant theory, enumerative geometry both classical and modern, rationally connected and Fano varieties, Hodge theory and abelian varieties, and Calabi-Yau and hyperkähler manifolds. Taken together, they present a comprehensive view of the long frontier of current knowledge in algebraic geometry. Titles in this series are co-published with the Clay Mathematics Institute (Cambridge, MA).

Journal of Mathematical Sciences, the University of Tokyo

Journal of Mathematical Sciences, the University of Tokyo

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6050
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Geometry, Analysis and Probability

Geometry, Analysis and Probability

In Honor of Jean-Michel Bismut

  • Author: Jean-Benoît Bost,Helmut Hofer,François Labourie,Yves Le Jan,Xiaonan Ma,Weiping Zhang
  • Publisher: Birkhäuser
  • ISBN: 3319496387
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 361
  • View: 9032
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This volume presents original research articles and extended surveys related to the mathematical interest and work of Jean-Michel Bismut. His outstanding contributions to probability theory and global analysis on manifolds have had a profound impact on several branches of mathematics in the areas of control theory, mathematical physics and arithmetic geometry. Contributions by: K. Behrend N. Bergeron S. K. Donaldson J. Dubédat B. Duplantier G. Faltings E. Getzler G. Kings R. Mazzeo J. Millson C. Moeglin W. Müller R. Rhodes D. Rössler S. Sheffield A. Teleman G. Tian K-I. Yoshikawa H. Weiss W. Werner The collection is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in these fields.

Cartesian Currents in the Calculus of Variations II

Cartesian Currents in the Calculus of Variations II

Variational Integrals

  • Author: Mariano Giaquinta,Guiseppe Modica,Jiri Soucek
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540640103
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 697
  • View: 2905
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This monograph (in two volumes) deals with non scalar variational problems arising in geometry, as harmonic mappings between Riemannian manifolds and minimal graphs, and in physics, as stable equilibrium configuations in nonlinear elasticity or for liquid crystals. The presentation is selfcontained and accessible to non specialists. Topics are treated as far as possible in an elementary way, illustrating results with simple examples; in principle, chapters and even sections are readable independently of the general context, so that parts can be easily used for graduate courses. Open questions are often mentioned and the final section of each chapter discusses references to the literature and sometimes supplementary results. Finally, a detailed Table of Contents and an extensive Index are of help to consult this monograph

Rigid Geometry of Curves and Their Jacobians

Rigid Geometry of Curves and Their Jacobians

  • Author: Werner Lütkebohmert
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 331927371X
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 386
  • View: 6622
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This book presents some of the most important aspects of rigid geometry, namely its applications to the study of smooth algebraic curves, of their Jacobians, and of abelian varieties - all of them defined over a complete non-archimedean valued field. The text starts with a survey of the foundation of rigid geometry, and then focuses on a detailed treatment of the applications. In the case of curves with split rational reduction there is a complete analogue to the fascinating theory of Riemann surfaces. In the case of proper smooth group varieties the uniformization and the construction of abelian varieties are treated in detail. Rigid geometry was established by John Tate and was enriched by a formal algebraic approach launched by Michel Raynaud. It has proved as a means to illustrate the geometric ideas behind the abstract methods of formal algebraic geometry as used by Mumford and Faltings. This book should be of great use to students wishing to enter this field, as well as those already working in it.

Cartesian Currents in the Calculus of Variations I

Cartesian Currents in the Calculus of Variations I

Cartesian Currents

  • Author: Mariano Giaquinta,Giuseppe Modica,Jiri Soucek
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540640097
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 711
  • View: 6774
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Non-scalar variational problems appear in different fields. In geometry, for in­ stance, we encounter the basic problems of harmonic maps between Riemannian manifolds and of minimal immersions; related questions appear in physics, for example in the classical theory of a-models. Non linear elasticity is another example in continuum mechanics, while Oseen-Frank theory of liquid crystals and Ginzburg-Landau theory of superconductivity require to treat variational problems in order to model quite complicated phenomena. Typically one is interested in finding energy minimizing representatives in homology or homotopy classes of maps, minimizers with prescribed topological singularities, topological charges, stable deformations i. e. minimizers in classes of diffeomorphisms or extremal fields. In the last two or three decades there has been growing interest, knowledge, and understanding of the general theory for this kind of problems, often referred to as geometric variational problems. Due to the lack of a regularity theory in the non scalar case, in contrast to the scalar one - or in other words to the occurrence of singularities in vector valued minimizers, often related with concentration phenomena for the energy density - and because of the particular relevance of those singularities for the problem being considered the question of singling out a weak formulation, or completely understanding the significance of various weak formulations becames non trivial.

Rational Curves on Algebraic Varieties

Rational Curves on Algebraic Varieties

  • Author: Janos Kollar
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3662032767
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 321
  • View: 4081
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The aim of this book is to provide an introduction to the structure theory of higher dimensional algebraic varieties by studying the geometry of curves, especially rational curves, on varieties. The main applications are in the study of Fano varieties and of related varieties with lots of rational curves on them. This Ergebnisse volume provides the first systematic introduction to this field of study. The book contains a large number of examples and exercises which serve to illustrate the range of the methods and also lead to many open questions of current research.

Quasi-projective Moduli for Polarized Manifolds

Quasi-projective Moduli for Polarized Manifolds

  • Author: Eckart Viehweg
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642797458
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 1364
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The concept of moduli goes back to B. Riemann, who shows in [68] that the isomorphism class of a Riemann surface of genus 9 ~ 2 depends on 3g - 3 parameters, which he proposes to name "moduli". A precise formulation of global moduli problems in algebraic geometry, the definition of moduli schemes or of algebraic moduli spaces for curves and for certain higher dimensional manifolds have only been given recently (A. Grothendieck, D. Mumford, see [59]), as well as solutions in some cases. It is the aim of this monograph to present methods which allow over a field of characteristic zero to construct certain moduli schemes together with an ample sheaf. Our main source of inspiration is D. Mumford's "Geometric In variant Theory". We will recall the necessary tools from his book [59] and prove the "Hilbert-Mumford Criterion" and some modified version for the stability of points under group actions. As in [78], a careful study of positivity proper ties of direct image sheaves allows to use this criterion to construct moduli as quasi-projective schemes for canonically polarized manifolds and for polarized manifolds with a semi-ample canonical sheaf.

Néron Models

Néron Models

  • Author: Siegfried Bosch,Werner Lütkebohmert,Michel Raynaud
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642514383
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 328
  • View: 311
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Néron models were invented by A. Néron in the early 1960s in order to study the integral structure of abelian varieties over number fields. Since then, arithmeticians and algebraic geometers have applied the theory of Néron models with great success. Quite recently, new developments in arithmetic algebraic geometry have prompted a desire to understand more about Néron models, and even to go back to the basics of their construction. The authors have taken this as their incentive to present a comprehensive treatment of Néron models. This volume of the renowned "Ergebnisse" series provides a detailed demonstration of the construction of Néron models from the point of view of Grothendieck's algebraic geometry. In the second part of the book the relationship between Néron models and the relative Picard functor in the case of Jacobian varieties is explained. The authors helpfully remind the reader of some important standard techniques of algebraic geometry. A special chapter surveys the theory of the Picard functor.

The Geometry of Infinite-Dimensional Groups

The Geometry of Infinite-Dimensional Groups

  • Author: Boris Khesin,Robert Wendt
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540772634
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 304
  • View: 4280
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This monograph gives an overview of various classes of infinite-dimensional Lie groups and their applications in Hamiltonian mechanics, fluid dynamics, integrable systems, gauge theory, and complex geometry. The text includes many exercises and open questions.

Partial Differential Relations

Partial Differential Relations

  • Author: Misha Gromov
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3662022672
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 363
  • View: 3842
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The classical theory of partial differential equations is rooted in physics, where equations (are assumed to) describe the laws of nature. Law abiding functions, which satisfy such an equation, are very rare in the space of all admissible functions (regardless of a particular topology in a function space). Moreover, some additional (like initial or boundary) conditions often insure the uniqueness of solutions. The existence of these is usually established with some apriori estimates which locate a possible solution in a given function space. We deal in this book with a completely different class of partial differential equations (and more general relations) which arise in differential geometry rather than in physics. Our equations are, for the most part, undetermined (or, at least, behave like those) and their solutions are rather dense in spaces of functions. We solve and classify solutions of these equations by means of direct (and not so direct) geometric constructions. Our exposition is elementary and the proofs of the basic results are selfcontained. However, there is a number of examples and exercises (of variable difficulty), where the treatment of a particular equation requires a certain knowledge of pertinent facts in the surrounding field. The techniques we employ, though quite general, do not cover all geometrically interesting equations. The border of the unexplored territory is marked by a number of open questions throughout the book.

Lectures on the Arithmetic Riemann-Roch Theorem. (AM-127)

Lectures on the Arithmetic Riemann-Roch Theorem. (AM-127)

  • Author: Gerd Faltings
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400882478
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 118
  • View: 1616
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The arithmetic Riemann-Roch Theorem has been shown recently by Bismut-Gillet-Soul. The proof mixes algebra, arithmetic, and analysis. The purpose of this book is to give a concise introduction to the necessary techniques, and to present a simplified and extended version of the proof. It should enable mathematicians with a background in arithmetic algebraic geometry to understand some basic techniques in the rapidly evolving field of Arakelov-theory.

Arithmetic Moduli of Elliptic Curves. (AM-108)

Arithmetic Moduli of Elliptic Curves. (AM-108)

  • Author: Nicholas M. Katz,Barry Mazur
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400881714
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 528
  • View: 1868
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This work is a comprehensive treatment of recent developments in the study of elliptic curves and their moduli spaces. The arithmetic study of the moduli spaces began with Jacobi's "Fundamenta Nova" in 1829, and the modern theory was erected by Eichler-Shimura, Igusa, and Deligne-Rapoport. In the past decade mathematicians have made further substantial progress in the field. This book gives a complete account of that progress, including not only the work of the authors, but also that of Deligne and Drinfeld.

Discrete Subgroups of Semisimple Lie Groups

Discrete Subgroups of Semisimple Lie Groups

  • Author: Gregori A. Margulis
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540121794
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 388
  • View: 6316
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Discrete subgroups have played a central role throughout the development of numerous mathematical disciplines. Discontinuous group actions and the study of fundamental regions are of utmost importance to modern geometry. Flows and dynamical systems on homogeneous spaces have found a wide range of applications, and of course number theory without discrete groups is unthinkable. This book, written by a master of the subject, is primarily devoted to discrete subgroups of finite covolume in semi-simple Lie groups. Since the notion of "Lie group" is sufficiently general, the author not only proves results in the classical geometry setting, but also obtains theorems of an algebraic nature, e.g. classification results on abstract homomorphisms of semi-simple algebraic groups over global fields. The treatise of course contains a presentation of the author's fundamental rigidity and arithmeticity theorems. The work in this monograph requires the language and basic results from fields such as algebraic groups, ergodic theory, the theory of unitary representatons, and the theory of amenable groups. The author develops the necessary material from these subjects; so that, while the book is of obvious importance for researchers working in related areas, it is essentially self-contained and therefore is also of great interest for advanced students.

Real Solutions to Equations from Geometry

Real Solutions to Equations from Geometry

  • Author: Frank Sottile
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 0821853317
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 200
  • View: 1009
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Understanding, finding, or even deciding on the existence of real solutions to a system of equations is a difficult problem with many applications outside of mathematics. While it is hopeless to expect much in general, we know a surprising amount about these questions for systems which possess additional structure often coming from geometry. This book focuses on equations from toric varieties and Grassmannians. Not only is much known about these, but such equations are common in applications. There are three main themes: upper bounds on the number of real solutions, lower bounds on the number of real solutions, and geometric problems that can have all solutions be real. The book begins with an overview, giving background on real solutions to univariate polynomials and the geometry of sparse polynomial systems. The first half of the book concludes with fewnomial upper bounds and with lower bounds to sparse polynomial systems. The second half of the book begins by sampling some geometric problems for which all solutions can be real, before devoting the last five chapters to the Shapiro Conjecture, in which the relevant polynomial systems have only real solutions.

Periods and Nori Motives

Periods and Nori Motives

  • Author: Annette Huber,Stefan Müller-Stach
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319509268
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 372
  • View: 6852
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This book casts the theory of periods of algebraic varieties in the natural setting of Madhav Nori’s abelian category of mixed motives. It develops Nori’s approach to mixed motives from scratch, thereby filling an important gap in the literature, and then explains the connection of mixed motives to periods, including a detailed account of the theory of period numbers in the sense of Kontsevich-Zagier and their structural properties. Period numbers are central to number theory and algebraic geometry, and also play an important role in other fields such as mathematical physics. There are long-standing conjectures about their transcendence properties, best understood in the language of cohomology of algebraic varieties or, more generally, motives. Readers of this book will discover that Nori’s unconditional construction of an abelian category of motives (over fields embeddable into the complex numbers) is particularly well suited for this purpose. Notably, Kontsevich's formal period algebra represents a torsor under the motivic Galois group in Nori's sense, and the period conjecture of Kontsevich and Zagier can be recast in this setting. Periods and Nori Motives is highly informative and will appeal to graduate students interested in algebraic geometry and number theory as well as researchers working in related fields. Containing relevant background material on topics such as singular cohomology, algebraic de Rham cohomology, diagram categories and rigid tensor categories, as well as many interesting examples, the overall presentation of this book is self-contained.

Moduli of Abelian Varieties

Moduli of Abelian Varieties

  • Author: Allan Adler,Sundararaman Ramanan
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3540496092
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 202
  • View: 4662
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This is a book aimed at researchers and advanced graduate students in algebraic geometry, interested in learning about a promising direction of research in algebraic geometry. It begins with a generalization of parts of Mumford's theory of the equations defining abelian varieties and moduli spaces. It shows through striking examples how one can use these apparently intractable systems of equations to obtain satisfying insights into the geometry and arithmetic of these varieties. It also introduces the reader to some aspects of the research of the first author into representation theory and invariant theory and their applications to these geometrical questions.

Arithmetic Differential Equations

Arithmetic Differential Equations

  • Author: Alexandru Buium
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 0821838628
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 310
  • View: 1647
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This research monograph develops an arithmetic analogue of the theory of ordinary differential equations: functions are replaced here by integer numbers, the derivative operator is replaced by a ``Fermat quotient operator'', and differential equations (viewed as functions on jet spaces) are replaced by ``arithmetic differential equations''. The main application of this theory concerns the construction and study of quotients of algebraic curves by correspondences with infinite orbits. Any such quotient reduces to a point in usual algebraic geometry. But many quotients as above cease to be trivial (and become quite interesting) if one enlarges algebraic geometry by using arithmetic differential equations in place of algebraic equations. The book partly follows a series of papers written by the author; however, a substantial part of the material presented here has never been published before. For most of the book the only prerequisites are the basic facts of algebraic geometry and number theory.