Search Results for "democracy-in-europe-the-eu-and-national-polities"

Democracy in Europe

Democracy in Europe

The EU and National Polities

  • Author: Vivien A. Schmidt
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199266972
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 317
  • View: 3747
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This eagerly awaited volume, from a leading scholar on Europeanization, explores the impact of European integration on national democracies. Focusing on the case studies of France, Britain, Italy, and Germany, this is an exciting contribution to work on the implications of European integration for democratic government.

Democracy, Sovereignty and the European Union

Democracy, Sovereignty and the European Union

  • Author: Michael Newman
  • Publisher: C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS
  • ISBN: 9781850652557
  • Category: Democracy
  • Page: 236
  • View: 1853
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This text examines key questions in democracy, drawing on traditional concepts of political thought and empirical evidence to clarify the current situation. It offers critical insights into the EU and some of the arguments frequently used in its defence

Germany, Europe, and the Politics of Constraint

Germany, Europe, and the Politics of Constraint

  • Author: Klaus Goetz,Kenneth Dyson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780197262955
  • Category: History
  • Page: 438
  • View: 1562
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The process of European integration is marked both by continued deepening and widening, and by growing evidence of domestic disquiet and dissent. Against this background, this volume examines three key themes: the challenge to the power of member states - as subjects of European integration - to determine the course of the integrationist project and to shape European public policies; the increasing constraints in the domestic political arena experienced by member states as objects of European integration; and the contestation over both the 'constitutive politics of the EU' and specific policy choices. These three themes - power, constraint and contestation - and their interdependence are explored with specific reference to contemporary Germany. The main findings call for a revision of the 'conventional wisdom' about Germany's Europeanization experience. First, while Germany continues to engage intensively in all aspects of the integration process, its power to 'upload' - 'hard' and 'soft', 'deliberate' or 'unintentional', 'institutional' or 'ideational' - appears in decline. Germany's capacity to 'shape its regional milieu' is challenged by both changes in the integration process and the ever more apparent weaknesses of the 'German model'. The traditional regional core milieu is shrinking in size and importance in an enlarging Europe, and Germany's milieu-shaping power is being challenged. Second, the coincidence of enabling and constraining effects is being progressively replaced by a discourse that notes unwelcome constrictions associated with EU membership. The book's findings suggest that key political institutions and processes in the Federal Republic have not co-evolved with the integration process, but lead an, at times, uncomfortable co-existence. Third, domestic contestation over both everyday EU policy and the constitutional politics of integration seems set to increase. There are, as yet, no indications that these domestic conflicts will reach an intensity comparable to that of the 1950s. However, both the 'permissive' mass consensus and, perhaps more importantly, élite consensus are being tested to their limits. This volume is essential reading for students of comparative European politics and German studies.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability

The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability

  • Author: Mark Bovens,Robert E. Goodin,Thomas Schillemans
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191002577
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 800
  • View: 783
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Over the past two decades public accountability has become not only an icon in political, managerial, and administrative discourse but also the object of much scholarly analysis across a broad range of social and administrative sciences. This handbook provides a state of the art overview of recent scholarship on public accountability. It collects, consolidates, and integrates an upsurge of inquiry currently scattered across many disciplines and subdisciplines. It provides a one-stop-shop on the subject, not only for academics who study accountability, but also for practitioners who are designing, adjusting, or struggling with mechanisms for accountable governance. Drawing on the best scholars in the field from around the world, The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability showcases conceptual and normative as well as the empirical approaches in public accountability studies. In addition to giving an overview of scholarly research in a variety of disciplines, it takes stock of a wide range of accountability mechanisms and practices across the public, private and non-profit sectors, making this volume a must-have for both practitioners and scholars, both established and new to the field.

Accountability and European Governance

Accountability and European Governance

  • Author: Deirdre Curtin,Peter Mair,Yannis Papadopoulos
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317999568
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 3519
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In recent years there has been a considerable effort in some transnational organizations and institutions to confront a crisis of legitimacy by promising more accountability and openness. This volume takes as its central focus the role of accountability in democratic governance, and attempts to position a broad understanding of the notion of accountability within the overall context of the evolving political system of governance in Europe and in particular of the European Union. Bringing together new work by some of the leading scholars in the field, this volume considers the relationship between accountability and a wide range of other themes in European governance such as problems of representation, transparency, bureaucracy, and transnational relations. The volume also deals with the role of accountability in multi-level governance, and its relationship to both direct democracy and civil society. This book was published as a special issue of West European Politics.

The Lisbon Treaty

The Lisbon Treaty

A Legal and Political Analysis

  • Author: Jean-Claude Piris
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 113948835X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7114
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Given the controversies and difficulties which preceded the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty, it is easy to forget that the Treaty is a complex legal document in need of detailed analysis for its impact to be fully understood. Jean-Claude Piris, the Director General of the Legal Service of the Council of the European Union, provides such an analysis, looking at the historical and political contexts of the Treaty, its impact on the democratic framework of the EU and its provisions in relation to substantive law. Impartial legal analysis of the EU's functions, its powers and the treaties which govern it make this the seminal text on the most significant recent development in EU law.

Making The European Polity

Making The European Polity

Reflexive integration in the EU

  • Author: Erik Oddvar Eriksen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113422950X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 5485
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Today’s Europe is marked by an amazing pace of integration. The European Union now consists of twenty five member states, however there is confusion and disagreement about its future design. Making The European Polity investigates how the European Union should develop and organize itself and offers a reflexive approach to integration based on the theory of communicative action. It conceives of the EU as a law based supranational polity lacking the identity of a people as well as the coercive means of a state and argues that it is a polity with an organized capacity to act, but no sole apex of authority. Making an important contribution to the theoretical discussions on the EU, these contributors explore a range of issues including legitimacy, post-national democracy and integration and provide in-depth analyses of social and tax policy, foreign policy, identity formation, the reform process and the constitutional effects of enlargement. This book will appeal to all political scientists and particularly to students and researchers of European Politics.

Constitutionalization of European Private Law

Constitutionalization of European Private Law

  • Author: Hans-W. Micklitz
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
  • ISBN: 0198712103
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 263
  • View: 4889
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One of the most topical questions in the legal systems is whether and to what extent fundamental rights impact our rights and obligations in our contractual relations. The European Union has integrated the Charter of Fundamental Rights into the Treaties of Rome and Lisbon. This book highlights whether and to what extent fundamental rights affect the position of citizens generally and in various fields of law, such as private (contractual) law, labour law,financial services, intellectual property rights, and the judicial protection in courts.

The Europeanization of National Polities?

The Europeanization of National Polities?

Citizenship and Support in a Post-Enlargement Union

  • Author: David Sanders
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199602344
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 6860
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The Europeanization of National Polities? studies the levels and evolution of EU citizens' attitudes toward the EU by answering 3 key questions: How widespread is the sense of European citizenship? What are its core drivers? And what consequences does citizenship have, if any, for EU support and for active political participation in EU politics?

The Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis

The Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis

The Rhetoric of Reform and Regulation

  • Author: Wyn Grant,Graham K. Wilson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199641986
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 272
  • View: 5414
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Systematically exploring the consequences of the global financial crisis, this text focuses primarily on the impact on policy and politics. It asks how governments responded to the challenges that the crisis has posed, and the policy and political impact of the combination of both the crisis itself and these responses.

Democracy in the European Union

Democracy in the European Union

Integration Through Deliberation?

  • Author: Erik Oddvar Eriksen,John Erik Fossum
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134589921
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 6665
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The European Union is widely held to suffer from a democratic deficit, and this raises a wider question: can democracy at all be applied to decision-making bodies beyond the nation state? Today, the EU is a highly complex entity undergoing profound changes. This book asks how the type of cooperation that the EU is based on can be explained; what are the integrative forces in the EU and how can integration at a supra-national level come about? The key thinkers represented in this volume stress that in order to understand integration beyond the nation state, we need new explanatory categories associated with deliberation because a supranational entity as the EU posesses far weaker and less well-developed means of coercion - bargaining resources - than do states. The most appropriate term to denote this is the notion of 'deliberative supranationalism'. This pioneering work, headed by major writers such as Habermas, Schlesinger and Bellamy, brings a new perspective to this key issue in contemporary politics and political theory.

Democracy in the European Union

Democracy in the European Union

  • Author: Christopher Lord
  • Publisher: Burns & Oates
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 148
  • View: 1621
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There has been much talk of the 'democratic deficit' in the European Union, but little sympathetic understanding of the problems of constructing a transnational democracy, or even a systematic analysis of those democratic practices that do exist in the Union's political system. This book seeks to remedy these defects by looking at democratic authorization, representation and accountability of Union power, in both their supranational and intergovernmental modes.

Social Democracy and the Challenge of European Union

Social Democracy and the Challenge of European Union

  • Author: Robert Ladrech
  • Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781555879020
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 165
  • View: 8908
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He also explores what this new form of political activity means for European politics, arguing that the traditional positions of left and right may be becoming increasingly significant within the EU's evolving, transnational political culture.

A Certain Idea of Europe

A Certain Idea of Europe

  • Author: Craig Parsons
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801472961
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 249
  • View: 1481
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The quasi-federal European Union stands out as the major exception in the thinly institutionalized world of international politics. Something has led Europeans—and only Europeans—beyond the nation-state to a fundamentally new political architecture. Craig Parsons argues in A Certain Idea of Europe that this "something" was a particular set of ideas generated in Western Europe after the Second World War. In Parsons's view, today's European Union reflects the ideological (and perhaps visionary) project of an elite minority. His book traces the progressive victory of this project in France, where the battle over European institutions erupted most divisively. Drawing on archival research and extensive interviews with French policymakers, the author carefully traces a fifty-year conflict between radically different European plans. Only through aggressive leadership did the advocates of a supranational "community" Europe succeed at building the EU and binding their opponents within it. Parsons puts the causal impact of ideas, and their binding effects through institutions, at the center of his book. In so doing he presents a strong logic of "social construction"—a sharp departure from other accounts of EU history that downplay the role of ideas and ideology.

The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe

The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe

  • Author: John Loughlin,Frank Hendriks,Anders Lidström
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199562970
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 785
  • View: 6976
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'The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe' is an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of subnational democracy in Europe. It analyses subnational democracy in the 27 member states of the EU plus Norway and Switzerland.

Democratic Politics in a European Union Under Stress

Democratic Politics in a European Union Under Stress

  • Author: Olaf Cramme,Sara B. Hobolt
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0198724489
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 259
  • View: 8096
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This book offers the first comprehensive political analysis of the Euro crisis and its impact on democratic politics in the EU. Leading scholars provide political, economic, legal, and sociological perspectives on the main issues at stake and evaluate the prospects of a more legitimate and democratic Europe.

Government Transparency

Government Transparency

Impacts and Unintended Consequences

  • Author: T. Erkkilä
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137035544
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 279
  • View: 1420
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Transparency has become a global concept of responsible government. This book argues that the transnational discourse of transparency promotes potentially contradictory policy ideas that can lead to unintended consequences. It critically examines whether or not increased transparency really leads to increased democratic accountability.

Gender Politics and Democracy in Post-socialist Europe

Gender Politics and Democracy in Post-socialist Europe

  • Author: Yvonne Galligan,Sara Clavero,Marina Calloni
  • Publisher: Barbara Budrich
  • ISBN: 3866491336
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 170
  • View: 2691
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Utilizing the concept of political representation, this book scrutinizes women's legislative presence and highlights the opportunities and obstacles to parity democracy in the post-Communist region of Europe. The book examines the link between women's membership in national parliaments and the substantive representation of gender interests. It investigates the role of civil society, the state, and the European Union in representing women's interests and in promoting gender politics. In revisiting Pitkin's account of political representation, the book provides an important and timely contribution to the classical political questions of who is the representative, what is represented, and how representation takes place. In adopting an integrated approach to political representation, the book extends current understanding of this fundamental concept. Using new research, it provides the first comprehensive comparative analysis of the interplay between emerging democracies and gender politics in post-communist Europe.

Europadämmerung

Europadämmerung

Ein Essay

  • Author: Ivan Krastev
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 3518752189
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 143
  • View: 7632
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Nach 1989 waren Landkarten plötzlich nicht länger in Mode. Die Grenzen sollten geöffnet werden für Menschen, Güter, Kapital und Ideen. An die Stelle der alten Karten traten Graphiken, welche die ökonomische Verflechtung innerhalb der EU illustrierten. Heute erleben wir einen ideologischen Gezeitenwechsel: Wo die Mehrheit der Europäer noch vor einigen Jahren optimistisch auf die Globalisierung blickte, empfinden sie Migration und die Rückkehr der Geopolitik als Quelle der Unsicherheit. Ivan Krastev untersucht die Ursachen für diesen Wandel und erörtert, welche Formen die europäische Desintegration annehmen könnte. Ein Zerfall der EU, so Krastev, wäre eine Tragödie, die den Kontinent zu internationaler Bedeutungslosigkeit verurteilen würde.

Democratic Politics in the European Parliament

Democratic Politics in the European Parliament

  • Author: Simon Hix,Abdul G. Noury,Gérard Roland
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139464795
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7248
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With the European Parliament comprising politicians from many different countries, cultures, languages, national parties and institutional backgrounds, one might expect politics in the Parliament to be highly-fragmented and unpredictable. By studying more than 12,000 recorded votes between 1979 and 2004 this 2007 book establishes that the opposite is in fact true: transnational parties in the European Parliament are highly cohesive and the classic 'left-right' dimension dominates voting behaviour. Furthermore, the cohesion of parties in the European Parliament has increased as the powers of the Parliament have increased. The authors suggest that the main reason for these developments is that like-minded MEPs have incentives to form stable transnational party organizations and to use these organizations to compete over European Union policies. They suggest that this is a positive development for the future of democratic accountability in the European Union.