Search Results for "descartes-a-very-short-introduction-very-short-introductions"

Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Tom Sorell
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191606561
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 128
  • View: 6940
DOWNLOAD NOW »
René Descartes (1596-1650) had a remarkably short working life, and his output was small, yet his contributions to philosophy and science have endured to the present day. He is perhaps best known for his statement 'Cogito, ergo sum'. By a mixture of 'intuition' and 'deduction' Descartes derived from the 'cogito' principle first the existence of a material world. But Descartes did not intend the metaphysics to stand apart from his scientific work, which included important investigations into physics, mathematics, psychology, and optics. In this book Tom Sorrell shows that Descartes was, above all, an advocate and practitioner of a new mathematical approach to physics, and that he developed his metaphysics to support his programme in the sciences. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Edward Craig
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191500747
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 144
  • View: 6002
DOWNLOAD NOW »
How ought we to live? What really exists? How do we know? This book introduces important themes in ethics, knowledge, and the self, via readings from Plato, Hume, Descartes, Hegel, Darwin, and Buddhist writers. It emphasizes throughout the point of doing philosophy, explains how different areas of philosophy are related, and explores the contexts in which philosophy was and is done. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Knowledge

Knowledge

A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Jennifer Nagel
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 019966126X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 133
  • View: 2958
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What is knowledge? Is it the same as opinion or truth? Do you need to be able to justify a claim in order to count as knowing it? How can we know that the outer world is real and not a dream? Questions like these have existed since ancient times, and the branch of philosophy dedicated to answering them - epistemology - has been active for thousands of years. In this thought-provoking Very Short Introduction, Jennifer Nagel considers the central problems and paradoxes in the theory of knowledge and draws attention to the ways in which philosophers and theorists have responded to them. By exploring the relationship between knowledge and truth, and considering the problem of scepticism, Nagel introduces a series of influential historical and contemporary theories of knowledge, incorporating methods from logic, linguistics, and psychology, using a number of everyday examples to demonstrate the key issues and debates. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Pain

Pain

A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Rob Boddice
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198738560
  • Category: History
  • Page: 144
  • View: 3218
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this 'Very Short Introduction', Rob Boddice explores the history, culture, and medical science of pain. Charting the shifting meanings of pain across time and place, he focusses on how the experience and treatment of pain have changed. He describes historical hierarchies of pain experience that related pain to social class and race, and the privileging of human states of pain over that of other animals. From the pain concepts of classical antiquity to expressions of pain in contemporary art, and modern medical approaches to the understanding, treatment, and management of pain, Boddice weaves a multifaceted account of this central human experience. Ranging from neuroscientific innovations in experimental medicine to the constructionist arguments of social scientists, pain is shown to resist a timeless definition. Pain is physical and emotional, of body and mind, and is always experienced subjectively and contextually.

Hobbes: A Very Short Introduction

Hobbes: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Richard Tuck
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191604461
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 168
  • View: 432
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Thomas Hobbes, the first great English political philosopher, has long had the reputation of being a pessimistic atheist, who saw human nature as inevitably evil and proposed a totalitarian state to subdue human failings. In this illuminating study, Richard Tuck re-evaluates Hobbes's philosophy and dispels these myths, revealing him to have been passionately concerned with the refutation of scepticism, and to have developed a theory of knowledge which rivalled that of Descartes in its importance. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Meisterdenker: Kant

Meisterdenker: Kant

1724 - 1804

  • Author: Roger Scruton
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783926642431
  • Category:
  • Page: 140
  • View: 703
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Derrida: A Very Short Introduction

Derrida: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Simon Glendinning
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019280345X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 124
  • View: 4747
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"Simon Glendinning explores both the difficulty and significance of the work of Derrida, arguing that his challenging ideas make a significant contribution to philosophy."--P. [2] of cover.

Epicureanism

Epicureanism

A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Catherine Wilson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019968832X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 144
  • View: 3696
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Epicureanism is commonly associated with a carefree view of life and the pursuit of pleasures, particularly the pleasures of the table. However it was a complex and distinctive system of philosophy that emphasized simplicity and moderation, and considered nature to consist of atoms and the void. Epicureanism is a school of thought whose legacy continues to reverberate today. In this Very Short Introduction, Catherine Wilson explains the key ideas of the School, comparing them with those of the rival Stoics and with Kantian ethics, and tracing their influence on the development of scientific and political thought from Locke, Newton, and Galileo to Rousseau, Marx, Bentham, and Mill. She discusses the adoption and adaptation of Epicurean motifs in science, morality, and politics from the 17th Century onwards and contextualises the significance of Epicureanism in modern life. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Galileo: A Very Short Introduction

Galileo: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Stillman Drake
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191606669
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 160
  • View: 7184
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In a startling reinterpretation of the evidence, Stillman Drake advances the hypothesis that Galileo's trial and condemnation by the Inquisition was caused not by his defiance of the Church, but by the hostility of contemporary philosophers. Galileo's own beautifully lucid arguments are used to show how his scientific method was utterly divorced from the Aristotelian approach to physics in that it was based on a search not for causes but for laws. Galileo's method was of overwhelming significance for the development of modern physics, and led to a final parting of the ways between science and philosophy. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction

Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Roger Scruton
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191604534
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 144
  • View: 4599
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Benedict de Spinoza (1632-77) was at once the father of the Enlightenment and the last sad guardian of the medieval world. In his brilliant synthesis of geometrical method, religious sentiment, and secular science, he attempted to reconcile the conflicting moral and intellectual demands of his epoch, and to present a vision of humanity as simultaneously bound by necessity and eternally free. In this book Roger Scruton presents a clear and systematic analysis of Spinoza's thought, and shows its relevance to today's intellectual preoccupations. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Consciousness: A Very Short Introduction

Consciousness: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Susan Blackmore
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192805851
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 146
  • View: 3495
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A lively introduction that combines the perspectives of philosophy, psychology and neuroscience - written by the top name in the field, Susan Blackmore.

Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Locke: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: John Dunn
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191577855
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 136
  • View: 8631
DOWNLOAD NOW »
John Locke (1632-1704) one of the greatest English philosophers of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century, argued in his masterpiece, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, that our knowledge is founded in experience and reaches us principally through our senses; but its message has been curiously misunderstood. In this book John Dunn shows how Locke arrived at his theory of knowledge, and how his exposition of the liberal values of toleration and responsible government formed the backbone of enlightened European thought of the eighteenth century. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Stephen Gaukroger
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199606692
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 112
  • View: 8361
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Objectivity is both an essential and elusive philosophical concept. This Very Short Introduction explores the theoretical and practical problems raised by objectivity, and also deals with the way in which particular understandings of objectivity impinge on social research, science, and art.

Foucault

Foucault

A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Gary Gutting
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192805576
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 124
  • View: 9430
DOWNLOAD NOW »
From aesthetics to the penal system; from madness and civilisation to avant-garde literature, Foucault strove to understand the deep concepts of identity, knowledge, and power. He rejected old models of thinking and replaced them with versions that are still widely debated today. A major influence on Queer Theory and gender studies, he also wrote on architecture, history, law, medicine, literature, politics and of course philosophy. Gutting presents a comprehensive but non-systematic treatment of some highlights of Foucault's life and thought. Beginning with a brief biography to set the social and political stage, he then tackles Foucault's thoughts on literature, in particular the avant-garde scene; his philosophical and historical work; his treatment of knowledge and power in modern society; and his thoughts on sexuality.

Nietzsche

Nietzsche

  • Author: Michael Tanner
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783926642455
  • Category:
  • Page: 124
  • View: 4445
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Hermeneutics

Hermeneutics

A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Jens Zimmermann
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0199685355
  • Category: Hermeneutics
  • Page: 144
  • View: 4113
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This short introduction to hermeneutics demonstrates the central role of interpretation in our daily lives. By considering the historic developments in hermeneutic theory as well as its contemporary relevance, Zimmermann explains how humans continue to draw knowledge from the world around them.

Leibniz

Leibniz

A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Maria Rosa Antognazza
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198718640
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 134
  • View: 8078
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) was a man of extraordinary intellectual creativity who lived an exceptionally rich and varied intellectual life in troubled times. More than anything else, he was a man who wanted to improve the life of his fellow human beings through the advancement of all the sciences and the establishment of a stable and just political order. In this Very Short Introduction Maria Rosa Antognazza outlines the central features of Leibniz's philosophy in the context of his overarching intellectual vision and aspirations. Against the backdrop of Leibniz's encompassing scientific ambitions, she introduces the fundamental principles of Leibniz's thought, as well as his theory of truth and theory of knowledge. Exploring Leibniz's contributions to logic, mathematics, physics, and metaphysics, she considers how his theories sat alongside his concerns with politics, diplomacy, and a broad range of practical reforms: juridical, economic, administrative, technological, medical, and ecclesiastical. Discussing Leinbniz's theories of possible worlds, she concludes by looking at what is ultimately real in this actual world that we experience, the good and evil there is in it, and Leibniz's response to the problem of evil through his theodicy. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Newton

Newton

A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Rob Iliffe
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199298033
  • Category: History
  • Page: 141
  • View: 8686
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Newton's contributions to an understanding of the heavens and the earth are considered to be unparalleled. This very short introduction explains his scientific theories, and uses Newton's unpublished writings to paint a picture of an extremely complex man whose beliefs had a huge impact on Europe's political, intellectual, and religious landscape.

The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Lawrence Principe
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199567417
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 148
  • View: 3872
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Lawrence M. Principe takes a fresh approach to the story of the scientific revolution, emphasising the historical context of the society and its world view at the time. From astronomy to alchemy and medicine to geology, he tells this fascinating story from the perspective of the historical characters involved.