Search Results for "differentiating-development-beyond-an-anthropology-of-critique"

Differentiating Development

Differentiating Development

Beyond an Anthropology of Critique

  • Author: Soumhya Venkatesan,Thomas Yarrow
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 0857453033
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 3624
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Over the last two decades, anthropological studies have highlighted the problems of 'development' as a discursive regime, arguing that such initiatives are paradoxically used to consolidate inequality and perpetuate poverty. This volume constitutes a timely intervention in anthropological debates about development, moving beyond the critical stance to focus on development as a mode of engagement that, like anthropology, attempts to understand, represent, and work within a complex world. By setting out to elucidate both the similarities and differences between these epistemological endeavors, the book demonstrates how the ethnographic study of development challenges anthropology to rethink its own assumptions and methods. In particular, contributors focus on the important but often overlooked relationship between acting and understanding, in ways that speak to debates about the role of anthropologists and academics in the wider world. The case studies presented are from a diverse range of geographical and ethnographic contexts, from Melanesia to Africa and Latin America, and ethnographic research is combined with commentary and reflection from the foremost scholars in the field.

Development beyond Politics

Development beyond Politics

Aid, Activism and NGOs in Ghana

  • Author: Thomas Yarrow
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230316778
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 199
  • View: 2832
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Is 'development' the answer for positive social change or a cynical western strategy for perpetuating inequality? Moving beyond an increasingly entrenched debate about the role of NGOs, this book reveals the practices and social relations through which ideas of development are concretely enacted.

Doing Fieldwork

Doing Fieldwork

Ethnographic Methods for Research in Developing Countries and Beyond

  • Author: W. Fife
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 140398056X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 174
  • View: 1956
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Making use of his own research experiences in Papua New Guinea, Southern Ontario, and Newfoundland, Wayne Fife teaches students and new researchers how to prepare for research, conduct a study, analyze the material (e.g. create new social and cultural theory), and write academic or policy oriented books, articles, or reports. The reader is taught how to combine historic and contemporary documents (e.g. archives, newspapers, government reports) with fieldwork methods (e.g. participant-observation, interviews, and self-reporting) to create ethnographic studies of disadvantaged populations. Anthropologists, Sociologists, Folklorists and Educational researchers will equally benefit from this critical approach to research.

The Routledge Handbook of Anthropology and the City

The Routledge Handbook of Anthropology and the City

  • Author: Setha Low
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317296974
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 534
  • View: 1946
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The Routledge Handbook of Anthropology and the City provides a comprehensive study of current and future urban issues on a global and local scale. Premised on an ‘engaged’ approach to urban anthropology, the volume adopts a thematic approach that covers a wide range of modern urban issues, with a particular focus on those of high public interest. Topics covered include security, displacement, social justice, privatisation, sustainability, and preservation. Offering valuable insight into how anthropologists investigate, make sense of, and then address a variety of urban issues, each chapter covers key theoretical and methodological concerns alongside rich ethnographic case study material. The volume is an essential reference for students and researchers in urban anthropology, as well as of interest for those in related disciplines, such as urban studies, sociology, and geography.

Decentring Development

Decentring Development

Understanding Change in Agrarian Societies

  • Author: T. Jakimow
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 113746643X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 200
  • View: 4483
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The ways we understand processes of agrarian change are pressing issues for policy makers and development practitioners. Interpreting changes in two agrarian societies in India and Indonesia, the author reveals how transformations to self are critical factors shaping change, as well as under-recognized consequences of development initiatives.

Americans in Tuscany

Americans in Tuscany

Charity, Compassion, and Belonging

  • Author: Catherine Trundle
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1782383700
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 230
  • View: 8499
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Since the time of the Grand Tour, the Italian region of Tuscany has sustained a highly visible American and Anglo migrant community. Today American women continue to migrate there, many in order to marry Italian men. Confronted with experiences of social exclusion, unfamiliar family relations, and new cultural terrain, many women struggle to build local lives. In the first ethnographic monograph of Americans in Italy, Catherine Trundle argues that charity and philanthropy are the central means by which many American women negotiate a sense of migrant belonging in Italy. This book traces women's daily acts of charity as they gave food to the poor, fundraised among the wealthy, monitored untrustworthy recipients, assessed the needy, and reflected on the emotional work that charity required. In exploring the often-ignored role of charitable action in migrant community formation, Trundle contributes to anthropological theories of gift giving, compassion, and reflexivity.

How Forests Think

How Forests Think

Toward an Anthropology Beyond the Human

  • Author: Eduardo Kohn
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520276108
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 267
  • View: 4148
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Can forests think? Do dogs dream? In this astonishing book, Eduardo Kohn challenges the very foundations of anthropology, calling into question our central assumptions about what it means to be human—and thus distinct from all other life forms. Based on four years of fieldwork among the Runa of Ecuador’s Upper Amazon, Eduardo Kohn draws on his rich ethnography to explore how Amazonians interact with the many creatures that inhabit one of the world’s most complex ecosystems. Whether or not we recognize it, our anthropological tools hinge on those capacities that make us distinctly human. However, when we turn our ethnographic attention to how we relate to other kinds of beings, these tools (which have the effect of divorcing us from the rest of the world) break down. How Forests Think seizes on this breakdown as an opportunity. Avoiding reductionistic solutions, and without losing sight of how our lives and those of others are caught up in the moral webs we humans spin, this book skillfully fashions new kinds of conceptual tools from the strange and unexpected properties of the living world itself. In this groundbreaking work, Kohn takes anthropology in a new and exciting direction–one that offers a more capacious way to think about the world we share with other kinds of beings.

Beyond Nature and Culture

Beyond Nature and Culture

  • Author: Philippe Descola
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022614500X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 488
  • View: 1401
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Philippe Descola has become one of the most important anthropologists working today, and Beyond Nature and Culture has been a major influence in European intellectual life since its French publication in 2005. Here, finally, it is brought to English-language readers. At its heart is a question central to both anthropology and philosophy: what is the relationship between nature and culture? Culture—as a collective human making, of art, language, and so forth—is often seen as essentially different from nature, which is portrayed as a collective of the nonhuman world, of plants, animals, geology, and natural forces. Descola shows this essential difference to be, however, not only a specifically Western notion, but also a very recent one. Drawing on ethnographic examples from around the world and theoretical understandings from cognitive science, structural analysis, and phenomenology, he formulates a sophisticated new framework, the “four ontologies”— animism, totemism, naturalism, and analogism—to account for all the ways we relate ourselves to nature. By thinking beyond nature and culture as a simple dichotomy, Descola offers nothing short of a fundamental reformulation by which anthropologists and philosophers can see the world afresh.

Beyond Caligari

Beyond Caligari

The Films of Robert Wiene

  • Author: Uli Jung,Walter Schatzberg
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 9781571811561
  • Category: Performing Arts
  • Page: 238
  • View: 9126
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Documents the work of the often neglected director of the German silent film classic, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari . The chapters move chronologically through the different periods of Wiene's career, summarizing and critiquing 90 films he either directed or wrote. Originally published in German, the

Genealogies of Religion

Genealogies of Religion

Discipline and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam

  • Author: Talal Asad
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 0801895936
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 344
  • View: 4997
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In Geneologies of Religion, Talal Asad explores how religion as a historical category emerged in the West and has come to be applied as a universal concept. The idea that religion has undergone a radical change since the Christian Reformation—from totalitarian and socially repressive to private and relatively benign—is a familiar part of the story of secularization. It is often invokved to explain and justify the liberal politics and world view of modernity. And it leads to the view that "politicized religions" threaten both reason and liberty. Asad's essays explore and question all these assumptions. He argues that "religion" is a construction of European modernity, a construction that authorizes—for Westerners and non-Westerners alike—particular forms of "history making." -- James R. Wood

Cultivating Development : An Ethnography Of Aid Policy And Practice

Cultivating Development : An Ethnography Of Aid Policy And Practice

  • Author: David Mosse
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9788178296012
  • Category: Economic assistance
  • Page: 336
  • View: 4894
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Based on a detailed account of an actual development project, this book addresses an important question: Is development practice actually driven by policy? Development agencies and researchers are preoccupied with policy; with exerting influence over policy; linking research to policy, and with implementing policy around the world. In this book, David Mosse argues that rather than being driven by policy, development practice is actually shaped by the exigencies of organisations and the need to maintain relationships. At the same time, however, development actors work hard at maintaining the fiction of representing authorised policy in their actions. This book (which can be characterised as being a social investigation) asks pertinent questions about international aid, in particular of British aid for rural development. It does so by examining in depth the experience of a development project in western India over a period of more than ten years and as it falls under different policy regimes. Mosse analyses development processes in the light of the broad experience of the project workers (which included himself), even if it means destabilising policy representations. The book is a compelling re-examination of the politics and ethics of engaging with development and a rare self-critical reflection practice.

Organization Development

Organization Development

Principles, Processes, Performance

  • Author: Gary McLean
  • Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781605093345
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 465
  • View: 1349
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Designed for use in undergraduate and graduate programs in organization development, management, human resource development, and industrial and organizational psychology, Organization Development provides readers with an overview of the field and acquaints them with the basic principles, practices, values, and skills of OD. Covering every aspect of the work of an OD professional and featuring numerous illustrative case studies, it shows how OD professionals actually get work and what the first steps in any OD effort should be. Author Gary McLean surveys different ways to assess an organizational situation—including a comparison of the Action Research and Appreciative Inquiry models—and provides forms for devising an action plan based on that assessment. He then looks at how to choose and implement a range of interventions at different levels, as well as how to evaluate the results of an intervention. Organization Development goes beyond the organizational level to look at the application of OD on community, national, regional, and global levels. And it successfully combines theory and practice; process and outcomes; performance and affective results; effectiveness and efficiency.

Local Lives

Local Lives

Migration and the Politics of Place

  • Author: Ms Catherine Trundle,Professor Brigitte Bönisch-Brednich
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 140949277X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 218
  • View: 5632
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Local Lives contests dominant trends in migration theory, demonstrating that many migrant identities have not become entirely diasporic or cosmopolitan, but remain equally focused on emplaced belonging and the anxieties of being uprooted. By addressing the question of how migrants legally and symbolically lay claim to owning and belonging to place, it refocuses our attention on the micro-politics and everyday rituals of place-making, that are central to the construction of migrant identities. Exploring immigrants' interactions with house spaces, property rights, environmental conservation, landscape, historical knowledge of place, ideas of 'local community' and place-specific 'traditions', this volume shows how, in a fluid world of movement, locality remains a deeply contested and symbolically rich place to situate identity and to constitute the self. Thematically organised and presenting a diverse range of empirical studies dealing with migrant communities in Hawaii, Britain, France, Spain, Australia, New Zealand, the Dominican Republic and Albania, Local Lives reorients research in migration and transnational studies around locality. As such, it will appeal to social scientists working on questions relating to landscape, identity and belonging; race and ethnicity; and migration and transnationalism.

The Anthropology of Development and Globalization

The Anthropology of Development and Globalization

From Classical Political Economy to Contemporary Neoliberalism

  • Author: Marc Edelman,Angelique Haugerud
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
  • ISBN: 9780631228790
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 420
  • View: 7636
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The Anthropology of Development and Globalization is a collection of readings that provides an unprecedented overview of this field that ranges from the field’s classical origins to today’s debates about the “magic” of the free market. Explores the foundations of the anthropology of development, a field newly animated by theories of globalization and transnationalism Framed by an encyclopedic introduction that will prove indispensable to students and experts alike Includes readings ranging from Weber and Marx and Engels to contemporary works on the politics of development knowledge, consumption, environment, gender, international NGO networks, the IMF, campaigns to reform the World Bank, the collapse of socialism, and the limits of “post-developmentalism” Fills a crucial gap in the literature by mingling historical, cultural, political, and economic perspectives on development and globalization Present a wide range of theoretical approaches and topics

CULTURE AND POVERTY: CRITIQUE AND COUNTER-PROPOSALS

CULTURE AND POVERTY: CRITIQUE AND COUNTER-PROPOSALS

  • Author: CHARLES A. VALENTINE
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 696
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Beyond NGO-ization

Beyond NGO-ization

The Development of Social Movements in Central and Eastern Europe

  • Author: Steven Saxonberg
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317174607
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 8573
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The celebrations marking the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall provoked a debate on the outcomes of the transition process in the post-communist countries, including a debate on the functioning of civil society. This provided a good opportunity for researchers to collect new data and revise the discourse on collective action and the dynamics of civil society in these countries. Jacobsson and Saxonberg's collection of essays looks at social movements, and their forms of mobilization and organization, as well as action repertoires in relation to the social context, and their success or failure. The book meets an important need in the discourse on post-communist social movements by going beyond the usual discourse about the weak and non-participatory civil society in the post-communist context. This book gives a nuanced and updated view of social movements in post-communist Europe, by looking at the cases of relatively successful mobilization, by examining groups that have often been neglected in the discourse on social movements and civil society (including animal-rights groups, racist movements and non-feminist family organizations), and by giving a deeper analysis of the different strategies that civil society organizations and groups can use. Rather than expecting social movements in post-communist Europe to follow the same patterns and operate in the same fashion as in Western Europe, this volume shows that a wider view of contentious action is needed in order to understand the variety of strategies employed by collective actors operating in this context.

Anthropology and Development

Anthropology and Development

Culture, Morality and Politics in a Globalised World

  • Author: Emma Crewe,Richard Axelby
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139789201
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2447
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In recent decades international development has grown into a world-shaping industry. But how do aid agencies work and what do they achieve? How does aid appear to the adults and children who receive it? And why has there been so little improvement in the position of the poor? Viewing aid and development from anthropological perspectives gives illuminating answers to questions such as these. This essential textbook reveals anthropologists' often surprising findings and details ethnographic case studies on the cultures of development. The authors use a fertile literature to examine the socio-political organisation of aid communities, agencies and networks, as well as the judgements they make about each other. The everyday practice of development work is about negotiating power and culture, but in vastly different ways in different contexts and for different social groups. Exploring the spaces between policy and practice, success and failure, the future and the past, this book provides a rounded understanding of development work that suggests new moral and political possibilities for an increasingly globalised world.

Who are 'We'?

Who are 'We'?

Reimagining Alterity and Affinity in Anthropology

  • Author: Liana Chua,Nayanika Mathur
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1785338897
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 7747
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Who do “we” anthropologists think “we” are? And how do forms and notions of collective disciplinary identity shape the way we think, write, and do anthropology? This volume explores how the anthropological “we” has been construed, transformed, and deployed across history and the global anthropological landscape. Drawing together both reflections and ethnographic case studies, it interrogates the critical—yet poorly studied—roles played by myriad anthropological “we” ss in generating and influencing anthropological theory, method, and analysis. In the process, new spaces are opened for reimagining who “we” are – and what “we,” and indeed anthropology, could become.

The Interpretation of Cultures

The Interpretation of Cultures

  • Author: Clifford Geertz
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0465093566
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 917
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In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Competing Responsibilities

Competing Responsibilities

The Ethics and Politics of Contemporary Life

  • Author: Susanna Trnka,Catherine Trundle
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 082237305X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 8673
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Noting the pervasiveness of the adoption of "responsibility" as a core ideal of neoliberal governance, the contributors to Competing Responsibilities challenge contemporary understandings and critiques of that concept in political, social, and ethical life. They reveal that neoliberalism's reification of the responsible subject masks the myriad forms of individual and collective responsibility that people engage with in their everyday lives, from accountability, self-sufficiency, and prudence to care, obligation, and culpability. The essays—which combine social theory with ethnographic research from Europe, North America, Africa, and New Zealand—address a wide range of topics, including critiques of corporate social responsibility practices; the relationships between public and private responsibilities in the context of state violence; the tension between calls on individuals and imperatives to groups to prevent the transmission of HIV; audit culture; and how health is cast as a citizenship issue. Competing Responsibilities allows for the examination of modes of responsibility that extend, challenge, or coexist with the neoliberal focus on the individual cultivation of the self. Contributors Barry D. Adam, Elizabeth Anne Davis, Filippa Lentzos, Jessica Robbins-Ruszkowski, Nikolas Rose, Rosalind Shaw, Cris Shore, Jessica M. Smith, Susanna Trnka, Catherine Trundle, Jarrett Zigon