Search Results for "disease-in-the-history-of-modern-latin-america"

Disease in the History of Modern Latin America

Disease in the History of Modern Latin America

From Malaria to AIDS

  • Author: Diego Armus
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822384345
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 335
  • View: 8470
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Challenging traditional approaches to medical history, Disease in the History of Modern Latin America advances understandings of disease as a social and cultural construction in Latin America. This innovative collection provides a vivid look at the latest research in the cultural history of medicine through insightful essays about how disease—whether it be cholera or aids, leprosy or mental illness—was experienced and managed in different Latin American countries and regions, at different times from the late nineteenth century to the present. Based on the idea that the meanings of sickness—and health—are contestable and subject to controversy, Disease in the History of Modern Latin America displays the richness of an interdisciplinary approach to social and cultural history. Examining diseases in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia, the contributors explore the production of scientific knowledge, literary metaphors for illness, domestic public health efforts, and initiatives shaped by the agendas of international agencies. They also analyze the connections between ideas of sexuality, disease, nation, and modernity; the instrumental role of certain illnesses in state-building processes; welfare efforts sponsored by the state and led by the medical professions; and the boundaries between individual and state responsibilities regarding sickness and health. Diego Armus’s introduction contextualizes the essays within the history of medicine, the history of public health, and the sociocultural history of disease. Contributors. Diego Armus, Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Kathleen Elaine Bliss, Ann S. Blum, Marilia Coutinho, Marcus Cueto, Patrick Larvie, Gabriela Nouzeilles, Diana Obregón, Nancy Lays Stepan, Ann Zulawski

The Ailing City

The Ailing City

Health, Tuberculosis, and Culture in Buenos Aires, 1870–1950

  • Author: Diego Armus
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822350122
  • Category: History
  • Page: 416
  • View: 6556
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DIVThe first comprehensive study of tuberculosis in Latin America demonstrates that in addition to being a biological phenomenon disease is also a social construction effected by rhetoric, politics, and the daily life of its victims./div

The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History

The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History

  • Author: Jose C. Moya
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0195166213
  • Category: History
  • Page: 526
  • View: 5242
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This Oxford Handbook comprehensively examines the field of Latin American history.

Human Impacts on Amazonia

Human Impacts on Amazonia

The Role of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in Conservation and Development

  • Author: Darrell A. Posey,Michael J. Balick
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231517351
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 392
  • View: 1168
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From the pre-Columbian era to the present, native Amazonians have shaped the land around them, emphasizing utilization, conservation, and sustainability. These priorities stand in stark contrast to colonial and contemporary exploitation of Amazonia by outside interests. With essays from environmental scientists, botanists, and anthropologists, this volume explores the various effects of human development on Amazonia. The contributors argue that by protecting and drawing on local knowledge and values, further environmental ruin can be avoided.

Der General in seinem Labyrinth

Der General in seinem Labyrinth

  • Author: Gabriel García Márquez
  • Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
  • ISBN: 346230867X
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 368
  • View: 1283
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Sein Denkmal steht in fast jeder Stadt Lateinamerikas. Ein Staat, eine Währung, Straßen und Plätze sind nach ihm benannt. Simón Bolívar, der General und Held des Unabhängigkeitskrieges der südamerikanischen Kolonien gegen die spanische Krone, wird noch heute als der Libertador, der Befreier, verehrt. Der Bürgerssohn aus Caracas mit einem Schuß Mulattenblut in den Adern, der sich in Rom, Paris, London auskannte und in den Salons seiner Zeit glänzte, der Tausende von Büchern las, überquerte mehrfach die Anden und ritt mit seinen Soldaten Tausende von Meilen durch den Kontinent, um seine Vision von einem befreiten und vereinigten Südamerika zu verwirklichen. Er schrieb unermüdlich Briefe, persönliche und politische, er konnte ebenso unnachahmlich fechten wie tanzen und war ein unwiderstehlicher Bewunderer schöner Frauen. Über 10 Jahre erlebte er als Präsident des von ihm geschaffenen Staates Kolumbien die Höhen des Ruhms, aber auch die Niederungen korrumpierender Macht und die Angriffe seiner Gegner. 1830 erklärte Bolívar in Santa Fe de Bogota seinen Rücktritt. »Wer sich einer Revolution verschreibt, pflügt das Meer«, sagte er bitter am Ende seines Lebens, als der Traum von der Einheit zerstoben war und er schwerkrank mit wenigen Getreuen den Magdalena-Strom hinab zur Karibik fuhr, um möglicherweise ins Exil zu gehen. Gabriel García Márquez beschreibt in seinem Roman diese letzte Reise des 47jährigen Bolívar. In Rückblenden läßt er noch einmal den glorreichen Libertador auftreten, holt aber auch den General vom Denkmalssockel herunter und zeigt in einem spannungsreichen Geflecht historischer Ereignisse den Menschen in seinem körperlichen und seelischen Verfall, im Labyrinth seiner Leiden und verlorenen Träume.

Enemy in the Blood

Enemy in the Blood

Malaria, Environment, and Development in Argentina

  • Author: Eric D. Carter
  • Publisher: University of Alabama Press
  • ISBN: 0817317600
  • Category: History
  • Page: 283
  • View: 2097
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Enemy in the Blood: Malaria, Environment, and Development in Argentina examines the dramatic yet mostly forgotten history of malaria control in northwest Argentina. Carter traces the evolution of malaria science and policy in Argentina from the disease’s emergence as a social problem in the 1890s to its effective eradication by 1950. Malaria-control proponents saw the campaign as part of a larger project of constructing a modern identity for Argentina. Insofar as development meant building a more productive, rational, and hygienic society, the perceptions of a culturally backwards and disease-ridden interior prevented Argentina from joining the ranks of “modern” nations. The path to eradication, however, was not easy due to complicated public health politics, inappropriate application of foreign malaria control strategies, and a habitual misreading of the distinctive ecology of malaria in the northwest, especially the unique characteristics of the local mosquito vector. Homegrown scientific expertise, a populist public health agenda, and an infusion of new technologies eventually brought a rapid end to malaria’s scourge, if not the cure for regional underdevelopment. Enemy in the Blood sheds light on the often neglected history of northwest Argentina’s interior, adds to critical perspectives on the history of development and public health in modern Latin America, and demonstrates the merits of integrative socialenvironmental research.

Reclaiming the Political in Latin American History

Reclaiming the Political in Latin American History

Essays from the North

  • Author: Gilbert M. Joseph
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 9780822327899
  • Category: History
  • Page: 379
  • View: 5513
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At an unsettled moment in the academy, when there are seemingly few inspirational paradigms for connecting scholarship to action, Reclaiming the Political in Latin American History offers a heady mixture of reflexive theoretical essays and interpretative case studies that embrace the challenge of writing a social and cultural history of Latin America that is not divorced from politics and broader arenas of power. Responding both to an exaggerated positivism that marginalises culture and postmodernist approaches that defang the political to fetishise "experience," "mentality," and "identity," the contributors integrate material and cultural approaches in a new political and cultural history of Latin America. True to the intellectual vision of Brazilian historian Emilia Viotti da Costa, one of Latin America's most distinguished scholars (to whom the volume is dedicated), the contributors seek to move the field beyond the parallel pitfalls of material and cultural reductionism in search of a dialectics that will advance both a new historiography and new political strategies. The volume takes careful stock of the state of historical writing on Latin America. It delineates current historiographical frontiers and suggests a series of new approaches, focusing on several pivotal themes: the construction of historical narratives and memory; the articulation of class, race, gender, sexuality, and generation; and the historian's involvement in the making of history. Although the book represents a view of the Latin American political that comes primarily from the North, the influence of Viotta da Costa powerfully marks the contributors' engagement with Latin America's past. Featuring a keynote essay by Viotti da Costa herself, the volume embodies a lively North-South encounter that points up incipient trends of hemispheric intellectual convergence. Contributors. Jeffrey L. Gould, Greg Grandin, Daniel James, Gilbert M. Joseph, Thomas Miller Klubock, Mary Ann Mahoney, Florencia E. Mallon, Diana Paton, Steve J. Stern, Heidi Tinsman, Emilia Viotti da Costa, Barbara Weinstein

Problems in Modern Latin American History

Problems in Modern Latin American History

Sources and Interpretations : Completely Revised and Updated

  • Author: John Charles Chasteen,James A Wood
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780842050609
  • Category: History
  • Page: 323
  • View: 1845
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This is a completely revised and updated edition of SR Books' classic text, Problems in Modern Latin American History. This book has been brought up to date by Professors John Charles Chasteen and James A. Wood to reflect current scholarship and to maximize the book's utility as a teaching tool. The book is divided into 13 chapters, with each chapter dedicated to addressing a particular 'problem' in modern Latin America-issues that complement most survey texts. Each chapter includes an interpretive essay that frames a clear central issue for students to tackle, along with excerpts from historical writing that advance alternative-or even conflicting-interpretations. In addition, each chapter contains primary documents for students to analyze in relation to the interpretive issues. This primary material includes passages of Latin American fiction in translation, biographical sketches, and images. Designed as a supplemental text for survey courses on Latin American history, this book's provocative 'problems' approach will engage students, evoke lively classroom discussion, and promote critical thinking.

Sources in the History of Medicine

Sources in the History of Medicine

The Impact of Disease and Trauma

  • Author: Robin Leslie Anderson
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 347
  • View: 6225
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For courses in the history of medicine. This reader gives students in a history of medicine class, or the general reading public, a broad selection of readings about the many ways that disease and trauma have affected human populations over time. It draws from both primary and secondary sources to give a dual perspective of a) what was written at the time of various events, and b) what modern scholars have been able to ascertain from historical evidence. It has a broad scope both in time and space, covering materials from earliest Man to contemporary bioethical problems, and contains materials from India, China, Latin America, and the Muslim worlds as well as Europe and the United States. Rather than simply looking at great medical discoveries, it is purposely focused on how trauma and disease have been daily companions of human existence. It fills a serious void in teaching materials in the history of medicine by taking a world perspective, using a combination of primary and secondary sources, covering a huge time span and putting emphasis on the problems created by medical progress, and most importantly, focusing on the effect that medical practices have had on ordinary people throughout history.

An Environmental History of Latin America

An Environmental History of Latin America

  • Author: Shawn William Miller
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521848539
  • Category: History
  • Page: 257
  • View: 1551
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This book narrates the mutually mortal historical contest between humans and nature in Latin America. Covering a period that begins with Amerindian civilizations and concludes in the region's present urban agglomerations, the work offers an original synthesis of the current scholarship on Latin America's environmental history and argues that tropical nature played a central role in shaping the region's historical development. Seeing Latin America's environmental past from the perspective of many centuries illustrates that human civilizations, ancient and modern, have been simultaneously more powerful and more vulnerable than previously thought.

Die Stadt des Affengottes

Die Stadt des Affengottes

Eine unbekannte Zivilisation, ein mysteriöser Fluch, eine wahre Geschichte

  • Author: Douglas Preston
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 3641203929
  • Category: History
  • Page: 368
  • View: 4634
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Eine wahre Indiana-Jones-Geschichte - eine archäologische Sensation Schon seit dem 16. Jahrhundert gab es Gerüchte über eine Provinz im Regenwald von Honduras, deren Städte reich und prachtvoll seien, ganz besonders die Weiße Stadt, auch Stadt des Affengottes genannt. Immer wieder machten sich Abenteurer und Archäologen auf die Suche nach den Zeugnissen dieser Zivilisation, die offenbar nicht zu den Mayas gehörte. Manchmal stießen sie tatsächlich auf Ruinen, aber eine wirkliche Erforschung war in dem von giftigen Schlangen und tödlichen Krankheitserregern verseuchten und vom Dschungel überwucherten Gelände unmöglich. Erst die moderne Lasertechnik, mit deren Hilfe das Gelände aus der Luft gescannt wird, ermöglichte genauere Hinweise, wo sich größere Ansiedlungen befinden. Um sie vor Ort zu untersuchen muss man sich allerdings auch heute noch auf den beschwerlichen Weg durch den Dschungel machen. Der Schriftsteller und Journalist Douglas Preston schloss sich kürzlich einer archäologischen Expedition an. Sie fand tatsächlich die eindrucksvollen Ruinen einer untergegangenen Stadt, aber sie zahlte am Ende auch einen hohen Preis.

Arm und reich

Arm und reich

die Schicksale menschlicher Gesellschaften

  • Author: Jared M. Diamond
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783596149674
  • Category: Kontinent - Gesellschaft - Entwicklung - Umweltfaktor - Vor- und Frühgeschichte
  • Page: 550
  • View: 4420
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The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

  • Author: Andrew C. Isenberg
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199394474
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 640
  • View: 8234
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The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

In the Shadow of the Giant

In the Shadow of the Giant

The Americanization of Modern Mexico

  • Author: Joseph Contreras
  • Publisher: Rutgers University Press
  • ISBN: 0813546559
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 293
  • View: 776
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A Chicano comes to the big enchilada: Mexico City, 1984-1987 -- Not such distant neighbors: Mexico in the era of Vicente Fox -- Looking northward -- NAFTA: the double-edged sword of free trade -- The new breed of Mexican businessmen -- The modern Mexican news media -- The Mexican dream -- The gringo Riviera -- The umbilical cord of remittances -- The southernmost city in Texas: Monterrey, Nuevo Leon -- Made-in-the-U.S.A. diseases -- The Evangelical challenge.

Creating the Modern South

Creating the Modern South

Millhands and Managers in Dalton, Georgia, 1884-1984

  • Author: Douglas Flamming
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 0807861464
  • Category: History
  • Page: 468
  • View: 3013
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In Creating the Modern South, Douglas Flamming examines one hundred years in the life of the mill and the town of Dalton, Georgia, providing a uniquely perceptive view of Dixie's social and economic transformation. "Beautifully written, it combines the rich specificity of a case study with broadly applicable synthetic conclusions.--Technology and Culture "A detailed and nuanced study of community development. . . . Creating the Modern South is an important book and will be of interest to anyone in the field of labor history.--Journal of Economic History "A rich and provocative study. . . . Its major contribution to our knowledge of the South is its careful account of the evolution and collapse of mill culture.--Journal of Southern History "Ambitious, and at times provocative, Creating the Modern South is a well-researched, highly readable, and engaging book.--Journal of American History

The South America Handbook

The South America Handbook

  • Author: Patrick Heenan,Monique Lamontagne
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9781579583330
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 358
  • View: 432
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First Published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Health and the Modern Home

Health and the Modern Home

  • Author: Mark Jackson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135913447
  • Category: History
  • Page: 350
  • View: 3742
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Health and the Modern Home explores shifting and contentious debates about the impact of the domestic environment on health in the modern period. Drawing on recent scholarship, contributors expose the socio-political context in which the physical and emotional environment of "the modern home" and "family" became implicated in the maintenance of health and in the aetiology and pathogenesis of diverse psychological and physical conditions. In addition, they critically analyze the manner in which the expression and articulation of medical concerns about the domestic environment served to legitimate particular political and ideological positions.

"The Hour of Eugenics"

Race, Gender, and Nation in Latin America

  • Author: Nancy Stepan
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801497957
  • Category: History
  • Page: 210
  • View: 2981
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Eugenics was a term coined in 1883 to name the scientific and social theory which advocated "race improvement" through selective human breeding. In Europe and the United States the eugenics movement found many supporters before it was finally discredited by its association with the racist ideology of Nazi Germany. Examining for the first time how eugenics was taken up by scientists and social reformers in Latin America, Nancy Leys Stepan compares the eugenics movements in Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina with the more familiar cases of Britain, the United States, and Germany. In this highly original account, Stepan sheds new light on the role of science in reformulating issues of race, gender, reproduction, and public health in an era when the focus on national identity was particularly intense. Drawing upon a rich body of evidence concerning the technical publications and professional meetings of Latin American eugenicists, she examines how they adapted eugenic principles to local contexts between the world wars. Stepan shows that Latin American eugenicists diverged considerably from their counterparts in Europe and the United States in their ideological approach and their interpretations of key texts concerning heredity.

Problems in Modern Latin American History

Problems in Modern Latin American History

Sources and Interpretations

  • Author: James A. Wood,John Charles Chasteen
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • ISBN: 0742557901
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 4945
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Now in its third edition, this leading reader has been updated to make it even more relevant to the study of contemporary Latin America. This edition includes an entirely new chapter, 'The New Left Turn,' and the globalization chapter has been thoroughly revised to reflect the rapid pace of change over the past five years. The book continues to offer a rich variety of materials that can be tailored to the needs of individual instructors. The reader's unique and successful chapter organization provides a thematic complement to narrative accounts of modern Latin American history. By focusing each chapter on a single concept or interpretive 'problem'-such as nationalism, women's rights, or social revolution-the text engages students in the analysis of historical sources and, at the same time, introduces them to the twists and turns of historiography. In addition, the book includes several 'reading images' sections that call on students to evaluate visual materials. With its innovative combination of primary and secondary sources and editorial analysis, this text is designed specifically to stimulate critical thinking in a wide range of courses on Latin American history since independence.

The Church in the Modern Age

The Church in the Modern Age

The I.B.Tauris History of the Christian Church

  • Author: Jeremy Morris
  • Publisher: I.B.Tauris
  • ISBN: 0857735616
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 256
  • View: 3399
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Given the diversity and complexity of developments in the twentieth century, a history of the Christian Church in the modern period is in some ways the most challenging volume of all to write. But Jeremy Morris succeeds in presenting a coherent account of the Church. He emphasises the changing relationship of Western churches to the many forms of Christianity in other parts of the world, while also departing from the Eurocentric worldview of previous histories. His volume offers three major perspectives. The first is political, in which the history of the modern Church is assessed through a prism of international conflicts and international relations. The second perspective is regional, in which coverage is given not only to Europe and the Americas , but to Christianity in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, the Pacific Rim and Australasia. The author's third major perspective is institutional, in which he discusses particular Christian traditions and their relationships with each other, with other faiths and with wider cultures. An epilogue evaluates the future and prospects for Christianity in the new millennium.