Search Results for "drones-and-responsibility"

Drones and Responsibility

Drones and Responsibility

Legal, Philosophical and Socio-Technical Perspectives on Remotely Controlled Weapons

  • Author: Ezio Di Nucci,Filippo Santoni de Sio
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317147790
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 227
  • View: 5674
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How does the use of military drones affect the legal, political, and moral responsibility of different actors involved in their deployment and design? This volume offers a fresh contribution to the ethics of drone warfare by providing, for the first time, a systematic interdisciplinary discussion of different responsibility issues raised by military drones. The book discusses four main sets of questions: First, from a legal point of view, we analyse the ways in which the use of drones makes the attribution of criminal responsibility to individuals for war crimes more complicated and what adjustments may be required in international criminal law and in military practices to avoid ’responsibility gaps’ in warfare. From a moral and political perspective, the volume looks at the conditions under which the use of military drones by states is impermissible, permissible, or even obligatory and what the responsibilities of a state in the use of drones towards both its citizens and potential targets are. From a socio-technical perspective, what kind of new human machine interaction might (and should) drones bring and which new kinds of shared agency and responsibility? Finally, we ask how the use of drones changes our conception of agency and responsibility. The book will be of interest to scholars and students in (military) ethics and to those in law, politics and the military involved in the design, deployment and evaluation of military drones.

Moral Agency and the Politics of Responsibility

Moral Agency and the Politics of Responsibility

  • Author: Cornelia Ulbert,Peter Finkenbusch,Elena Sondermann,Tobias Debiel
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351781863
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 210
  • View: 825
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At a time when globalization has side-lined many of the traditional, state-based addressees of legal accountability, it is not clear yet how blame is allocated and contested in the new, highly differentiated, multi-actor governance arrangements of the global economy and world society. Moral Agency and the Politics of Responsibility investigates how actors in complex governance arrangements assign responsibilities to order the world and negotiate who is responsible for what and how. The book asks how moral duties can be defined beyond the territorial and legal confines of the nation-state; and how obligations and accountability mechanisms for a post-national world, in which responsibility remains vague, ambiguous and contested, can be established. Using an empirical as well as a theoretical perspective, the book explores ontological framings of complexity emphasizing emergence and non-linearity, which challenge classic liberal notions of responsibility and moral agency based on the autonomous subject. Moral Agency and the Politics of Responsibility is perfect for scholars from International Relations, Politics, Philosophy and Political Economy with an interest in the topical and increasingly popular topics of moral agency and complexity.

The United States and Great Power Responsibility in International Society

The United States and Great Power Responsibility in International Society

Drones, Rendition and Invasion

  • Author: Wali Aslam
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135043280
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 5564
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This book evaluates American foreign policy actions from the perspective of great power responsibility, with three case studies: Operation Iraqi Freedom, American drone strikes in Pakistan and the post- 9/11 practice of extraordinary rendition. This book argues that the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, American drone attacks in Pakistan and the practice of extraordinary rendition are the examples of irresponsible actions undertaken by the U.S. acting as a great power in international society. Focusing on a major theoretical approach of International Relations, the English School, this book considers the responsibilities of great powers in international society. It points to three obligations of great powers: to act according to the norm of legality, to act according to the norm of legitimacy, and to adhere to the principles of prudence. The author applies the criteria of legality, legitimacy and prudence, to analyse the three foreign policy endeavours of the U.S., and, developing a normative framework, clarifies the implications for future U.S. foreign policy. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, American politics, foreign policy studies, international law, South Asian studies and Middle Eastern studies.

Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict

Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict

Ethical, Legal, and Strategic Implications

  • Author: David Cortright,Rachel Fairhurst,Kristen Wall
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022625819X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 288
  • View: 4433
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During the past decade, armed drones have entered the American military arsenal as a core tactic for countering terrorism. When coupled with access to reliable information, they make it possible to deploy lethal force accurately across borders while keeping one’s own soldiers out of harm’s way. The potential to direct force with great precision also offers the possibility of reducing harm to civilians. At the same time, because drones eliminate some of the traditional constraints on the use of force—like the need to gain political support for full mobilization—they lower the threshold for launching military strikes. The development of drone use capacity across dozens of countries increases the need for global standards on the use of these weapons to assure that their deployment is strategically wise and ethically and legally sound. Presenting a robust conversation among leading scholars in the areas of international legal standards, counterterrorism strategy, humanitarian law, and the ethics of force, Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict takes account of current American drone campaigns and the developing legal, ethical, and strategic implications of this new way of warfare. Among the contributions to this volume are a thorough examination of the American government’s legal justifications for the targeting of enemies using drones, an analysis of American drone campaigns’ notable successes and failures, and a discussion of the linked issues of human rights, freedom of information, and government accountability.

The Thistle and the Drone

The Thistle and the Drone

How America's War on Terror Became a Global War on Tribal Islam

  • Author: Akbar S. Ahmed
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 0815723784
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 424
  • View: 6218
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Argues that the campaigns that fall under "The War on Terror" have exacerbated the already-broken relationship between central Islamic governments and the tribal societies within their borders.

Drone

Drone

Remote Control Warfare

  • Author: Hugh Gusterson
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262034670
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 2372
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Drone warfare described from the perspectives of drone operators, victims of drone attacks, anti-drone activists, international law, military thinkers, and others.

Wired for War

Wired for War

The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21st Century

  • Author: P. W. Singer
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 9781440685972
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 512
  • View: 1620
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P. W. Singer explores the great­est revolution in military affairs since the atom bomb: the dawn of robotic warfare We are on the cusp of a massive shift in military technology that threatens to make real the stuff of I, Robot and The Terminator. Blending historical evidence with interviews of an amaz­ing cast of characters, Singer shows how technology is changing not just how wars are fought, but also the politics, economics, laws, and the ethics that surround war itself. Travelling from the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan to modern-day "skunk works" in the midst of suburbia, Wired for War will tantalise a wide readership, from military buffs to policy wonks to gearheads.

Under the Drones

Under the Drones

  • Author: Shahzad Bashir,Robert D. Crews
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674064763
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 6571
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Western media coverage of Afghanistan and Pakistan paints a simplistic picture of ageless barbarity, terrorist safe havens, and peoples in need of either punishment or salvation. Under the Drones looks beyond this limiting view to investigate real people on the ground, and analyze the political, social, and economic forces that shape their lives.

Sting of the Drone

Sting of the Drone

A Novel

  • Author: Richard A. Clarke
  • Publisher: Macmillan
  • ISBN: 1466848278
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 304
  • View: 4531
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In Washington, D.C., the Kill Committee gathers in the White House's Situation Room to pick the next targets for the United States drone program. At an airbase just outside Las Vegas, a team of pilots, military personnel, and intelligence officers follow through on the committee's orders, finding the men who have been deemed a threat to national security and sentenced to death. Meanwhile, on the other side of the world, in the mountains where the drones hunt their prey, someone has decided to fight back. And not just against the unmanned planes that circle their skies, but against the Americans at home who control them. In Sting of the Drone, bestselling author Richard A. Clarke draws on his decades-long experience at the very highest levels of national security to craft a thrilling novel that has the feel of nonfiction, taking us behind closed doors to meet the men and women who protect America--and those who seek to do us harm.

The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of War

The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of War

  • Author: Seth Lazar,Helen Frowe
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199943419
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 592
  • View: 8885
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This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online.

Armed Drones and the Ethics of War

Armed Drones and the Ethics of War

Military virtue in a post-heroic age

  • Author: Christian Enemark
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136261206
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 160
  • View: 3204
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This book assesses the ethical implications of using armed unmanned aerial vehicles (‘hunter-killer drones’) in contemporary conflicts. The American way of war is trending away from the heroic and towards the post-heroic, driven by a political preference for air-powered management of strategic risks and the reduction of physical risk to US personnel. The recent use of drones in the War on Terror has demonstrated the power of this technology to transcend time and space, but there has been relatively little debate in the United States and elsewhere over the embrace of what might be regarded as politically desirable and yet morally worrisome: risk-free killing. Arguably, the absence of a relationship of mutual risk between putative combatants poses a fundamental challenge to the status of war as something morally distinguishable from other forms of violence, and it also undermines the professional virtue of the warrior as a courageous risk-taker. This book considers the use of armed drones in the light of ethical principles that are intended to guard against unjust increases in the incidence and lethality of armed conflict. The evidence and arguments presented indicate that, in some respects, the use of armed drones is to be welcomed as an ethically superior mode of warfare. Over time, however, their continued and increased use is likely to generate more challenges than solutions, and perhaps do more harm than good. This book will be of much interest to students of the ethics of war, airpower, counter-terrorism, strategic studies and security studies in general.

Drones

Drones

Their Many Civilian Uses and the U.S. Laws Surrounding Them.

  • Author: Jonathan Rupprecht
  • Publisher: CreateSpace
  • ISBN: 9781502805522
  • Category: Drone aircraft
  • Page: 142
  • View: 6785
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This book has 402 citations and was last updated on February 10, 2015. The media has been buzzing about Amazon's announcement of their plans to use drones to deliver packages to customers. Soon after Amazon made their announcement, DHL and UPS followed with their own drone delivery announcements. Google has also become interested in drones as evidenced by their purchase of Titan Aerospace. These activities have caused many people to wonder what is going on with integration which is why I wrote this book. This book was written to be a useful resource for hobbyists, lawyers, businessmen, or anyone wanting to know what is going on legally to integrate what are called unmanned aircraft, "drones," or remotely piloted aircraft into the United States' airspace. While many individuals have been talking about the Fourth Amendment concerns with unmanned government aircraft (public unmanned aircraft), this book does not focus on those privacy concerns. This book will give an overview about unmanned aircraft and then explore their uses. Finally, this book will dive into the statutes, regulations, and policy statements surrounding unmanned aircraft.

Objective Troy

Objective Troy

A Terrorist, a President, and the Rise of the Drone

  • Author: Scott Shane
  • Publisher: Tim Duggan Books
  • ISBN: 0804140308
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 432
  • View: 471
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Objective Troy tells the gripping and unsettling story of Anwar al-Awlaki, the once-celebrated American imam who called for moderation after 9/11, a man who ultimately directed his outsized talents to the mass murder of his fellow citizens. It follows Barack Obama’s campaign against the excesses of the Bush counterterrorism programs and his eventual embrace of the targeted killing of suspected militants. And it recounts how the president directed the mammoth machinery of spy agencies to hunt Awlaki down in a frantic, multi-million-dollar pursuit that would end with the death of Awlaki by a bizarre, robotic technology that is changing warfare—the drone. Scott Shane, who has covered terrorism for The New York Times over the last decade, weaves the clash between president and terrorist into both a riveting narrative and a deeply human account of the defining conflict of our era. Awlaki, who directed a plot that almost derailed Obama’s presidency, and then taunted him from his desert hideouts, will go down in history as the first United States citizen deliberately hunted and assassinated by his own government without trial. But his eloquent calls to jihad, amplified by YouTube, continue to lure young Westerners into terrorism—resulting in tragedies from the Boston marathon bombing to the murder of cartoonists at a Paris weekly. Awlaki’s life and death show how profoundly America has been changed by the threat of terrorism and by our own fears. Illuminating and provocative, and based on years of in depth reporting, Objective Troy is a brilliant reckoning with the moral challenge of terrorism and a masterful chronicle of our times.

Drone Warrior

Drone Warrior

An Elite Soldier's Inside Account of the Hunt for America's Most Dangerous Enemies

  • Author: Brett Velicovich,Christopher S. Stewart
  • Publisher: HarperCollins
  • ISBN: 0062693921
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 4375
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“A must read for anyone who wants to understand the new American way of war.” — General Michael V. Hayden, former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency A former special operations member takes us inside America’s covert drone war in this headline-making, never-before-told account for fans of Zero Dark Thirty and Lone Survivor, told by a Pulitzer Prize-winning Wall Street Journal writer and filled with eye-opening and sure to be controversial details. For nearly a decade Brett Velicovich was at the center of America’s new warfare: using unmanned aerial vehicles—drones—to take down the world’s deadliest terrorists across the globe. One of an elite handful in the entire military with the authority to select targets and issue death orders, he worked in concert with the full human and technological network of American intelligence—assets, analysts, spies, informants—and the military’s elite operatives, to stalk, capture, and eliminate high value targets in al-Qaeda and ISIS. In this remarkable book, co-written with journalist Christopher S. Stewart, Velicovich offers unprecedented perspective on the remarkably complex nature of drone operations and the rigorous and wrenching decisions behind them. In intimate gripping detail, he shares insider, action-packed stories of the most coordinated, advanced, and secret missions that neutralized terrorists, preserved the lives of US and international warriors across the globe, and saved countless innocents in the hottest conflict zones today. Drone Warrior also chronicles the US military’s evolution in the past decade and the technology driving it. Velicovich considers the future it foretells, and speaks candidly on the physical and psychological toll it exacts, including the impact on his own life. He reminds us that while these machines can kill, they can also be used productively to improve and preserve life, including protecting endangered species, work he is engaged in today. Joining warfare classics such as American Sniper, Lone Survivor, and No Easy Day, Drone Warrior is the definitive account of our nation’s capacity and capability for war in the modern age.

Drone Warfare and Lawfare in a Post-Heroic Age

Drone Warfare and Lawfare in a Post-Heroic Age

  • Author: Marouf Hasian
  • Publisher: University of Alabama Press
  • ISBN: 0817318925
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 280
  • View: 3415
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Drone Warfare and Lawfare in a Post-Heroic Age posits a framework for the scholarly community, policy makers, and lay readers for understanding the legal and military aspects of drone warfare.

Ethics in Counter-Terrorism

Ethics in Counter-Terrorism

  • Author: Magdalena Badde-Revue,Marie-des-Neiges Ruffo de Calabre
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004357815
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 316
  • View: 1092
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This book intends to discuss the ethical questions of counter-terrorism for the military, with an emphasis on its counter-terrorist role in our home countries.

Preventive Force

Preventive Force

Drones, Targeted Killing, and the Transformation of Contemporary Warfare

  • Author: Kerstin Fisk,Jennifer M. Ramos
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 147985753X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 368
  • View: 3428
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More so than in the past, the US is now embracing the logic of preventive force: using military force to counter potential threats around the globe before they have fully materialized. While popular with individuals who seek to avoid too many “boots on the ground,” preventive force is controversial because of its potential for unnecessary collateral damage. Who decides what threats are ‘imminent’? Is there an international legal basis to kill or harm individuals who have a connection to that threat? Do the benefits of preventive force justify the costs? And, perhaps most importantly, is the US setting a dangerous international precedent? In Preventive Force, editors Kerstin Fisk and Jennifer Ramos bring together legal scholars, political scientists, international relations scholars, and prominent defense specialists to examine these questions, whether in the context of full-scale preventive war or preventive drone strikes. In particular, the volume highlights preventive drones strikes, as they mark a complete transformation of how the US understands international norms regarding the use of force, and could potentially lead to a ‘slippery slope’ for the US and other nations in terms of engaging in preventive warfare as a matter of course. A comprehensive resource that speaks to the contours of preventive force as a security strategy as well as to the practical, legal, and ethical considerations of its implementation, Preventive Force is a useful guide for political scientists, international relations scholars, and policymakers who seek a thorough and current overview of this essential topic.

Drones and the Ethics of Targeted Killing

Drones and the Ethics of Targeted Killing

  • Author: Kenneth R. Himes, OFM
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1442231572
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 212
  • View: 7145
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This book provides an important exploration of the thorny ethical implications of drone warfare and targeted killing. The book leads readers through the ethics of targeted killings from ancient times to the contemporary Israeli-Palestinian conflict, then looks specifically at new issues related to the U.S. use of drones for targeted killings.

Justice and Responsibility—Sensitive Egalitarianism

Justice and Responsibility—Sensitive Egalitarianism

  • Author: R. Robinson
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137381248
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 102
  • View: 8872
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This text explores the place to locate the cut between those inequalities for which it is fair to hold one responsible, and those for which it is not. The argument traces a thread of intellectual history, identifying a rejection of strong property rights which we inherit from Locke, and find in contemporary defenders of entitlements such as Nozick.

Death machines

Death machines

The ethics of violent technologies

  • Author: Elke Schwarz
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 1526114852
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9868
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As innovations in military technologies race toward ever-greater levels of automation and autonomy, debates over the ethics of violent technologies tread water. Death Machines reframes these debates, arguing that the way we conceive of the ethics of contemporary warfare is itself imbued with a set of bio-technological rationalities that work as limits. The task for critical thought must therefore be to unpack, engage, and challenge these limits. Drawing on the work of Hannah Arendt, the book offers a close reading of the technology-biopolitics-complex that informs and produces contemporary subjectivities, highlighting the perilous implications this has for how we think about the ethics of political violence, both now and in the future.