Search Results for "drones-and-responsibility"

Drones and Responsibility

Drones and Responsibility

Legal, Philosophical and Socio-Technical Perspectives on Remotely Controlled Weapons

  • Author: Ezio Di Nucci,Filippo Santoni de Sio
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317147790
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 227
  • View: 5065
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How does the use of military drones affect the legal, political, and moral responsibility of different actors involved in their deployment and design? This volume offers a fresh contribution to the ethics of drone warfare by providing, for the first time, a systematic interdisciplinary discussion of different responsibility issues raised by military drones. The book discusses four main sets of questions: First, from a legal point of view, we analyse the ways in which the use of drones makes the attribution of criminal responsibility to individuals for war crimes more complicated and what adjustments may be required in international criminal law and in military practices to avoid ’responsibility gaps’ in warfare. From a moral and political perspective, the volume looks at the conditions under which the use of military drones by states is impermissible, permissible, or even obligatory and what the responsibilities of a state in the use of drones towards both its citizens and potential targets are. From a socio-technical perspective, what kind of new human machine interaction might (and should) drones bring and which new kinds of shared agency and responsibility? Finally, we ask how the use of drones changes our conception of agency and responsibility. The book will be of interest to scholars and students in (military) ethics and to those in law, politics and the military involved in the design, deployment and evaluation of military drones.

Drones and Targeted Killing

Drones and Targeted Killing

Legal, Moral, and Geopolitical Issues

  • Author: Marjorie Cohn
  • Publisher: Interlink Publishing
  • ISBN: 1623710650
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 6693
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EXPERT ANALYSIS OF AN ILLEGAL AND IMMORAL PRACTICE The Bush administration detained and tortured suspected terrorists; the Obama administration assassinates them. Assassination, or targeted killing, off the battlefield not only causes more resentment against the United States, it is also illegal. In this interdisciplinary collection, human rights and political activists, policy analysts, lawyers and legal scholars, a philosopher, a journalist and a sociologist examine different aspects of the U.S. policy of targeted killing with drones and other methods. It explores the legality, morality and geopolitical considerations of targeted killing and resulting civilian casualties, and evaluates the impact on relations between the United States and affected countries. The book includes the documentation of civilian casualties by the leading non-governmental organization in this area; stories of civilians victimized by drones; an analysis of the first U.S. targeted killing lawsuit by the lawyer who brought the case; a discussion of the targeted killing cases in Israel by the director of PCATI which filed one of the lawsuits; the domestic use of drones; and the immorality of drones using Just War principles. Contributors include: Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Phyllis Bennis, Medea Benjamin, Marjorie Cohn, Richard Falk, Tom Hayden, Pardiss Kebriaei, Jane Mayer, Ishai Menuchin, Jeanne Mirer, John Quigley, Dr. Tom Reifer, Alice Ross, Jay Stanley, and Harry Van der Linden.

Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict

Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict

Ethical, Legal, and Strategic Implications

  • Author: David Cortright,Rachel Fairhurst,Kristen Wall
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022625819X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 288
  • View: 516
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During the past decade, armed drones have entered the American military arsenal as a core tactic for countering terrorism. When coupled with access to reliable information, they make it possible to deploy lethal force accurately across borders while keeping one’s own soldiers out of harm’s way. The potential to direct force with great precision also offers the possibility of reducing harm to civilians. At the same time, because drones eliminate some of the traditional constraints on the use of force—like the need to gain political support for full mobilization—they lower the threshold for launching military strikes. The development of drone use capacity across dozens of countries increases the need for global standards on the use of these weapons to assure that their deployment is strategically wise and ethically and legally sound. Presenting a robust conversation among leading scholars in the areas of international legal standards, counterterrorism strategy, humanitarian law, and the ethics of force, Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict takes account of current American drone campaigns and the developing legal, ethical, and strategic implications of this new way of warfare. Among the contributions to this volume are a thorough examination of the American government’s legal justifications for the targeting of enemies using drones, an analysis of American drone campaigns’ notable successes and failures, and a discussion of the linked issues of human rights, freedom of information, and government accountability.

Armed Drones and the Ethics of War

Armed Drones and the Ethics of War

Military virtue in a post-heroic age

  • Author: Christian Enemark
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136261206
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 160
  • View: 5787
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This book assesses the ethical implications of using armed unmanned aerial vehicles (‘hunter-killer drones’) in contemporary conflicts. The American way of war is trending away from the heroic and towards the post-heroic, driven by a political preference for air-powered management of strategic risks and the reduction of physical risk to US personnel. The recent use of drones in the War on Terror has demonstrated the power of this technology to transcend time and space, but there has been relatively little debate in the United States and elsewhere over the embrace of what might be regarded as politically desirable and yet morally worrisome: risk-free killing. Arguably, the absence of a relationship of mutual risk between putative combatants poses a fundamental challenge to the status of war as something morally distinguishable from other forms of violence, and it also undermines the professional virtue of the warrior as a courageous risk-taker. This book considers the use of armed drones in the light of ethical principles that are intended to guard against unjust increases in the incidence and lethality of armed conflict. The evidence and arguments presented indicate that, in some respects, the use of armed drones is to be welcomed as an ethically superior mode of warfare. Over time, however, their continued and increased use is likely to generate more challenges than solutions, and perhaps do more harm than good. This book will be of much interest to students of the ethics of war, airpower, counter-terrorism, strategic studies and security studies in general.

Justice and Responsibility—Sensitive Egalitarianism

Justice and Responsibility—Sensitive Egalitarianism

  • Author: R. Robinson
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137381248
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 102
  • View: 7719
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This text explores the place to locate the cut between those inequalities for which it is fair to hold one responsible, and those for which it is not. The argument traces a thread of intellectual history, identifying a rejection of strong property rights which we inherit from Locke, and find in contemporary defenders of entitlements such as Nozick.

Ethics in Healthcare

Ethics in Healthcare

A Philosophical Introduction

  • Author: Ezio Di Nucci
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781786608703
  • Category: Clinical medicine
  • Page: 176
  • View: 3529
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Increasingly, students and professionals within healthcare are faced with difficult questions and decisions: this book meet those ethical needs by providing an accessible guide to ethical theories and practices, which does not presuppose any background or training in philosophy.

Drone Wars

Drone Wars

  • Author: Peter Bergen,Daniel Rothenberg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107025567
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 496
  • View: 4117
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Drone Wars presents a series of essays that is a diverse and comprehensive interdisciplinary perspective on drones. It covers important debates on targeted killing and civilian casualties, presents key data on drone deployment, and offers new ideas on their historical development, significance, and impact on law and policy.

1984 and Philosophy

1984 and Philosophy

Is Resistance Futile?

  • Author: Ezio Di Nucci,Stefan Storrie
  • Publisher: Open Court Publishing
  • ISBN: 0812699858
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2803
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The United States and Great Power Responsibility in International Society

The United States and Great Power Responsibility in International Society

Drones, Rendition and Invasion

  • Author: Wali Aslam
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135043299
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 8304
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This book evaluates American foreign policy actions from the perspective of great power responsibility, with three case studies: Operation Iraqi Freedom, American drone strikes in Pakistan and the post- 9/11 practice of extraordinary rendition. This book argues that the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, American drone attacks in Pakistan and the practice of extraordinary rendition are the examples of irresponsible actions undertaken by the U.S. acting as a great power in international society. Focusing on a major theoretical approach of International Relations, the English School, this book considers the responsibilities of great powers in international society. It points to three obligations of great powers: to act according to the norm of legality, to act according to the norm of legitimacy, and to adhere to the principles of prudence. The author applies the criteria of legality, legitimacy and prudence, to analyse the three foreign policy endeavours of the U.S., and, developing a normative framework, clarifies the implications for future U.S. foreign policy. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, American politics, foreign policy studies, international law, South Asian studies and Middle Eastern studies.

Aviation Week, Including Space Technology

Aviation Week, Including Space Technology

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Aeronautics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3820
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Vols. for 1958-59 includes a mid-December issue called: Buyers guide.

Völkerrechtliche Bewertung gezielter Tötungen nicht-staatlicher Akteure

Völkerrechtliche Bewertung gezielter Tötungen nicht-staatlicher Akteure

  • Author: Nina Kapaun
  • Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
  • ISBN: 3735725775
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 360
  • View: 1584
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Nicht erst seit der Tötung des mutmaßlichen Drahtziehers der Anschläge vom 11. September 2011, Osama bin Laden, durch die Einheit der US-amerikanischen Militärs, die Navy Seals, am 02. Mai 2011 in Abbottabad, Pakistan, ist der Begriff der gezielten Tötung ein fester Bestandteil des politischen und völkerrechtlichen Diskurses geworden. Neben den USA verfolgen auch andere Staaten die Strategie des gezielten Tötens. Bedeutung hat sie vor allem im Zusammenhang mit Terrorismusbekämpfung. Dementsprechend ist die Diskussion zur Rechtmäßigkeit des Einsatzes gezielter Tötungen in der Praxis erheblich von politischen Motiven beeinflusst. Die Autorin zeigt in ihrer Arbeit, dass gezielte Tötungen nicht in einem rechtlichen „Niemandsland“ ausgetragen werden, sondern Fragen des zwischenstaatlichen Gewaltverbots, Belange des humanitären Völkerrechts und bestimmte Menschenrechte, allen voran das Recht auf Leben berühren. Als (zwischen-) staatliche Maßnahme können sie auf Grundlage geltenden Völkerrechts auf ihre Rechtmäßigkeit hin beurteilt werden. Dabei sind die Umstände der einzelnen gezielten Tötung maßgeblich für das anwendbare Recht. Die Autorin kommt zum dem Ergebnis, dass eine gezielte Tötung im Kontext eines bewaffneten Konfliktes nach konfliktvölkerrechtlichen Maßstäben eine rechtmäßige Kriegshandlung sein kann. Eine gezielte Tötung außerhalb eines bewaffneten Konflikts hingegen wird in den seltensten Fällen den Anforderungen des Menschenrechtsschutzes gerecht werden.

House Documents

House Documents

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4810
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Annual Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State of the Finances for the Year ...

Annual Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State of the Finances for the Year ...

  • Author: United States. Department of the Treasury
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Finance, Public
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6075
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Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State of the Finances

Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State of the Finances

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Finance, Public
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1183
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I Saw a Man

I Saw a Man

Roman

  • Author: Owen Sheers
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 3641154294
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 304
  • View: 6770
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Ein atemberaubendes Drama über die Last von Geheimnissen Nach dem tragischen Tod seiner Frau Caroline, die als Journalistin bei einem Auslandsdreh in Afghanistan ums Leben gekommen ist, erträgt Michael es nicht länger im gemeinsamen Heim in Wales. In dem Versuch, ein neues Leben zu beginnen, zieht er nach London, wo er auf die Nelsons trifft: Josh, Samantha und ihre zwei Töchter wohnen im Haus nebenan, und aus einer Zufallsbekanntschaft wird schnell – allzu schnell? – eine intensive Freundschaft. Michael geht bei den Nelsons wie selbstverständlich ein und aus, bis er eines Samstagnachmittags ihre Hintertür halb offen stehend vorfindet. In dem Gefühl, dass etwas nicht stimmt, betritt er das augenscheinlich leere Haus ... und setzt damit eine Folge von Ereignissen in Gang, die ihrer aller Leben schlagartig und auf immer verändern wird. Ein tiefgreifender, packender Roman über Verlust, Schuld und die heimtückische Natur von Geheimnissen.

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

The Legal and Socio-political Aspects

  • Author: Sikander Ahmed Shah
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134074344
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 257
  • View: 1508
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While conventional warfare has an established body of legal precedence, the legality of drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan and elsewhere remains ambiguous. This book explores the legal and political issues surrounding the use of drones in Pakistan. Drawing from international treaty law, customary international law, and statistical data on the impact of the strikes, Sikander Ahmed Shah asks whether drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan are in compliance with international humanitarian law. The book questions how international law views the giving of consent between States for military action, and explores what this means for the interaction between sovereignty and consent. The book goes on to look at the socio-political realities of drone strikes in Pakistan, scrutinizing the impact of drone strikes on both Pakistani politics and US-Pakistan relationships. Topics include the Pakistan army-government relationship, the evolution of international institutions as a result of drone strikes, and the geopolitical dynamics affecting the region. As a detailed and critical examination of the legal and political challenges presented by drone strikes, this book will be essential to scholars and students of the law of armed conflict, security studies, political science and international relations.

The Abridgment ... Containing the Annual Message of the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress ... with Reports of Departments and Selections from Accompanying Papers

The Abridgment ... Containing the Annual Message of the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress ... with Reports of Departments and Selections from Accompanying Papers

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: United States
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2702
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The Abridgment

The Abridgment

Containing Messages of the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress with Reports of Departments and Selections from Accompanying Papers

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Executive departments
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1515
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The Thistle and the Drone

The Thistle and the Drone

How America's War on Terror Became a Global War on Tribal Islam

  • Author: Akbar Ahmed
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 0815723792
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 424
  • View: 4422
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In the wake of the 9/11 attacks, the United States declared war on terrorism. More than ten years later, the results are decidedly mixed. Here world-renowned author, diplomat, and scholar Akbar Ahmed reveals an important yet largely ignored result of this war: in many nations it has exacerbated the already broken relationship between central governments and the largely rural Muslim tribal societies on the peripheries of both Muslim and non-Muslim nations. The center and the periphery are engaged in a mutually destructive civil war across the globe, a conflict that has been intensified by the war on terror. Conflicts between governments and tribal societies predate the war on terror in many regions, from South Asia to the Middle East to North Africa, pitting those in the centers of power against those who live in the outlying provinces. Akbar Ahmed's unique study demonstrates that this conflict between the center and the periphery has entered a new and dangerous stage with U.S. involvement after 9/11 and the deployment of drones, in the hunt for al Qaeda, threatening the very existence of many tribal societies. American firepower and its vast anti-terror network have turned the war on terror into a global war on tribal Islam. And too often the victims are innocent children at school, women in their homes, workers simply trying to earn a living, and worshipers in their mosques. Battered by military attacks or drone strikes one day and suicide bombers the next, the tribes bemoan, "Every day is like 9/11 for us." In The Thistle and the Drone, the third volume in Ahmed's groundbreaking trilogy examining relations between America and the Muslim world, the author draws on forty case studies representing the global span of Islam to demonstrate how the U.S. has become involved directly or indirectly in each of these societies. The study provides the social and historical context necessary to understand how both central governments and tribal societies have become embroiled in America's war. Beginning with Waziristan and expanding to societies in Central Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, and elsewhere, Ahmed offers a fresh approach to the conflicts studied and presents an unprecedented paradigm for understanding and winning the war on terror. The Thistle and the Drone was the 2013 Foreword Reviews Gold winner for Political Science.

The Laws of Robots

The Laws of Robots

Crimes, Contracts, and Torts

  • Author: Ugo Pagallo
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400765649
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 200
  • View: 1991
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This book explores how the design, construction, and use of robotics technology may affect today’s legal systems and, more particularly, matters of responsibility and agency in criminal law, contractual obligations, and torts. By distinguishing between the behaviour of robots as tools of human interaction, and robots as proper agents in the legal arena, jurists will have to address a new generation of “hard cases.” General disagreement may concern immunity in criminal law (e.g., the employment of robot soldiers in battle), personal accountability for certain robots in contracts (e.g., robo-traders), much as clauses of strict liability and negligence-based responsibility in extra-contractual obligations (e.g., service robots in tort law). Since robots are here to stay, the aim of the law should be to wisely govern our mutual relationships.