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Emile Durkheim on the Family

Emile Durkheim on the Family

  • Author: Mary Ann Lamanna
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 9780761912071
  • Category: Family & Relationships
  • Page: 271
  • View: 2265
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This book looks this classical sociologist's work on the family. Durkheim's writings in this area are little known, but the family was nevertheless one of his primary interests. It brings together Durkheim's ideas on the family from diverse sources and presents his family sociology systematically and comprehensively. His work is situated in its historical context and comparisons are drawn to present-day sociology of the family and family issues.

Scientific Management in Education

Scientific Management in Education

  • Author: Joseph Mayer Rice
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Teaching
  • Page: 282
  • View: 4913
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Social and Cultural Dynamics

Social and Cultural Dynamics

Revisiting the Work of Pitirim A. Sorokin

  • Author: Emiliana Mangone
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319683098
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 89
  • View: 8612
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Marking the 50th anniversary of Pitirim A. Sorokin’s death, this Brief offers a critical analysis of the renowned sociologist’s theories while highlighting some of his more overlooked ones. Topics explored include cultural dynamics; the relationship between culture, society, and personality; social mobility; and the socio-cultural causality of time and space. In addition, this book updates these theories by discussing their relevance in current cultural contexts. The Brief aims to extend the work started by Sorokin on the promotion and application of “integralism”, an approach that conceives the change of any sociocultural phenomena as the result of the combination of external and internal forces. It uses this method to analyse socio-cultural phenomena, propose new policy, and enhance the development of humanity from the point of view of culture. This book also discusses sociology’s relationship with other sciences. In particular, it touches upon the interplay between sociology and psychology and pushes for a new scientific awareness that is transdisciplinary. The end point is a new vision of humanity and its development from a cultural context. Social and Cultural Dynamics will be of interest to social scientists, sociologists, and psychologists as well as professionals in these disciplines.

Trans

Trans

Gender and Race in an Age of Unsettled Identities

  • Author: Rogers Brubaker
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400883237
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 9969
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In the summer of 2015, shortly after Caitlyn Jenner came out as transgender, the NAACP official and political activist Rachel Dolezal was "outed" by her parents as white, touching off a heated debate in the media about the fluidity of gender and race. If Jenner could legitimately identify as a woman, could Dolezal legitimately identify as black? Taking the controversial pairing of “transgender” and “transracial” as his starting point, Rogers Brubaker shows how gender and race, long understood as stable, inborn, and unambiguous, have in the past few decades opened up—in different ways and to different degrees—to the forces of change and choice. Transgender identities have moved from the margins to the mainstream with dizzying speed, and ethnoracial boundaries have blurred. Paradoxically, while sex has a much deeper biological basis than race, choosing or changing one's sex or gender is more widely accepted than choosing or changing one’s race. Yet while few accepted Dolezal’s claim to be black, racial identities are becoming more fluid as ancestry—increasingly understood as mixed—loses its authority over identity, and as race and ethnicity, like gender, come to be understood as something we do, not just something we have. By rethinking race and ethnicity through the multifaceted lens of the transgender experience—encompassing not just a movement from one category to another but positions between and beyond existing categories—Brubaker underscores the malleability, contingency, and arbitrariness of racial categories. At a critical time when gender and race are being reimagined and reconstructed, Trans explores fruitful new paths for thinking about identity.

The New Spirit of Capitalism

The New Spirit of Capitalism

  • Author: Luc Boltanski,Eve Chiapello
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1786633272
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 688
  • View: 2313
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New edition of this major work examining the development of neoliberalism In this established classic, sociologists Luc Boltanski and Eve Chiapello get to the heart of contemporary capitalism. Delving deep into the latest management texts informing the thinking of employers, the authors trace the contours of a new spirit of capitalism. They argue that beginning in the mid-1970s, capitalism abandoned the hierarchical Fordist work structure and developed a new network-based form of organization founded on employee initiative and autonomy in the workplace—a putative freedom bought at the cost of material and psychological security. This was a spirit in tune with the libertarian and romantic currents of the period (as epitomized by dressed-down, cool capitalists such as Bill Gates and Ben and Jerry) and, as the authors argue, a more successful, pernicious, and subtle form of exploitation. In this new edition, the authors reflect on the reception of the book and the debates it has stimulated.

The Politics of Large Numbers

The Politics of Large Numbers

A History of Statistical Reasoning

  • Author: Alain Desrosières,Camille Naish
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674009691
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 368
  • View: 8945
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Begins with study of history of statistics, and shows how the evolution of modern statistics has been inextricably bound up with the knowledge and power of governments.

The Bureaucratic Phenomenon

The Bureaucratic Phenomenon

  • Author: Michel Crozier
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 1412836085
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 320
  • View: 1078
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In The Pension Fund Revolution, originally published nearly two decades ago under the title The Unseen Revolution, Drucker reports that institutional investors, especially pension funds, have become the controlling owners of America's large companies, the country's only capitalists. He maintains that the shift began in 1952 with the establishment of the first modern pension fund by General Motors. By 1960 it had become so obvious that a group of young men decided to found a stock-exchange firm catering exclusively to these new investors. Ten years later this firm (Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette) became the most successful, and one of the biggest, Wall Street firms. Drucker's argument, that through pension funds ownership of the means of production had become socialized without becoming nationalized, was unacceptable to the conventional wisdom of the country in the 1970s. Even less acceptable was the second theme of the book: the aging of America. Among the predictions made by Drucker in The Pension Fund Revolution are: that a major health care issue would be longevity; that pensions and social security would be central to American economy and society; that the retirement age would have to be extended; and that altogether American politics would increasingly be dominated by middle-class issues and the values of elderly people. While readers of the original edition found these conclusions hard to accept, Drucker's work has proven to be prescient. In the new epilogue, Drucker discusses how the increasing dominance of pension funds represents one of the most startling power shifts in economic history, and he examines their present-day Impact. The Pension Fund Revolution is now considered a classic text regarding the effects of pension fund ownership on the governance of the American corporation and on the structure of the American economy altogether. The reissuing of this book is more timely now than ever. It provides a wealth of information for sociologists, economists, and political theorists.

A Sketch of Morality Independent of Obligation Or Sanction

A Sketch of Morality Independent of Obligation Or Sanction

  • Author: Jean-Marie Guyau
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Ethics
  • Page: 215
  • View: 2662
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Scientific Materialism

Scientific Materialism

  • Author: Mario BUNGE
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400985177
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 223
  • View: 7915
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The word 'materialism' is ambiguous: it designates a moral doc trine as well as a philosophy and, indeed, an entire world view. Moral materialism is identical with hedonism, or the doctrine that humans should pursue only their own pleasure. Philosophical ma terialismis the view that the real worId is composed exclusively of material things. The two doctrines are logically independent: hedonism is consistent with immaterialism, and materialism is compatible with high minded morals. We shall be concerned ex c1usively with philosophical materialism. And we shall not confuse it with realism, or the epistemological doctrine that knowIedge, or at any rate scientific knowledge, attempts to represent reality. Philosophical materialism is not a recent fad and it is not a solid block: it is as old as philosophy and it has gone through six quite different stages. The first was ancient materialism, centered around Greek and Indian atomism. The second was the revival of the first during the 17th century. The third was 18th century ma terialism, partly derived from one side of Descartes' ambiguous legacy. The fourth was the mid-19th century "scientific" material ism, which flourished mainly in Germany and England, and was tied to the upsurge of chemistry and biology. The fifth was dialec tical and historical materialism, which accompanied the consolida tion of the socialist ideology. And the sixth or current stage, evolved mainly by Australian and American philosophers, is aca demic and nonpartisan but otherwise very heterogeneous. Ancient materialism was thoroughly mechanistic.

Durkheim's Ghosts

Durkheim's Ghosts

Cultural Logics and Social Things

  • Author: Charles Lemert
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521842662
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 294
  • View: 7935
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Durkheim's Ghosts is a fascinating presentation of the tradition of social theory influenced by Emile Durkheim's thinking on the social foundations of knowledge. From Saussure and Levi-Strauss to Foucault, Bourdieu and Derrida, today's criticisms of modern politics and culture owe an important, if unacknowledged, debt to Durkheim. These engaging and innovative essays by leading sociologist Charles Lemert bring together his writings on the contributions of French social theory past and present. Rather than merely interpret the theories, Lemert uses them to explore the futures of sociology, social theory, and culture studies. Durkheim's Ghosts offers the reader original insights into Durkheim's legacy and the wider French traditions for the cultural and social sciences. Of special note is the book's new and exciting theory of culture and semiotics. Provocative, scholarly, imaginative and ambitious this book will be invaluable to anyone interested in social theory, culture, and intellectual history of modern times.

Man, Play, and Games

Man, Play, and Games

  • Author: Roger Caillois,Meyer Barash
  • Publisher: University of Illinois Press
  • ISBN: 9780252070334
  • Category: Games
  • Page: 208
  • View: 5982
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Play is "an occasion of pure waste: waste of time, energy, ingenuity, skill, and often of money." It is also an essential element of human social and spiritual development. In this study, Roger Caillois defines play as a voluntary activity that occurs in a pure space, isolated and protected from the rest of life. Within limits set by rules that provide a level playing field, players move toward an unpredictable outcome by responding to their opponents' actions. Caillois qualifies types of games and ways of playing, from the improvisation characteristic of children's play to the disciplined pursuit of solutions to gratuitously difficult puzzles. He also examines the means by which games become part of daily life, ultimately giving cultures their most characteristic customs and institutions.

Pretty ribbons

Pretty ribbons

  • Author: Donigan Cumming,Hans-Michael Herzog
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Photography
  • Page: 131
  • View: 2393
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Feminist Disability Studies

Feminist Disability Studies

  • Author: Kim Q. Hall
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 0253223407
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 323
  • View: 1806
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"Disability, like questions of race, gender, and class, is one of the most provocative topics among theorists and philosophers today. This volume, situated at the intersection of feminist theory and disability studies, addresses questions about the nature of embodiment, the meaning of disability, the impact of public policy on those who have been labeled disabled, and how we define the norms of mental and physical ability. The essays here bridge the gap between theory and activism by illuminating structures of power and showing how historical and cultural perceptions of the human body have been informed by and contributed to the oppression of women and disabled people."--Pub. desc.

Montesquieu and Rousseau

Montesquieu and Rousseau

Forerunners of Sociology

  • Author: Emile Durkheim
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780472751174
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 173
  • View: 3750
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Montesquieu & Rousseau provides, for the first time in English, two essays by Emile Durkheim on his chief eighteenth-century predecessors in the main stream of Western thought. Durkheim recognized that Montesquieu had laid down the principles of sociology long before that young science had a name and that Rousseau, too, spoke as a sociologist in The Social Contract. With his characteristic blend of reason and fervor, he enlarged upon these forerunners to create the fundamental ideas of modern sociology. The essays are valuable for what they tell us of Montesquieu and Rousseau. They are doubly important to readers who are directly concerned with political philosophy and social science. And, as Henri Peyre points out in the Foreword, they are an example of how the best minds of any age can serve each other.

L'Irréligion de L'Avenir: Étude Sociologique

L'Irréligion de L'Avenir: Étude Sociologique

  • Author: Jean-Marie Guyau
  • Publisher: Palala Press
  • ISBN: 9781377427799
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 558
  • View: 5243
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

French Sociology

French Sociology

Rupture and Renewal Since 1968

  • Author: Charles C. Lemert
  • Publisher: New York : Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 9780231046985
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 445
  • View: 2725
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The Coasts of Bohemia

The Coasts of Bohemia

A Czech History

  • Author: Derek Sayer
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691050522
  • Category: History
  • Page: 442
  • View: 8998
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A cultural history of the Czech people, examining the significance of the small central European nation's artistic, literary, and political developments from its origins through approximately 1960.

"Educate Or Perish"

Africaś Impass and Prospects

  • Author: Joseph Ki-Zerbo
  • Publisher: UNESCO
  • ISBN: 9789290910084
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 109
  • View: 8474
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Uncultural Behavior

Uncultural Behavior

An Anthropological Investigation of Suicide in the Southern Philippines

  • Author: Charles J-H. Macdonald
  • Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
  • ISBN: 0824831039
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 307
  • View: 6929
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Until recently the people of Kulbi-Kenipaqan lived on the fringes of the modern world following traditional customs and beliefs, practicing shifting agriculture, and leading an outwardly peaceful existence in a remote corner of Palawan island. Yet this small community, basically indistinguishable in society and culture from its immediate neighbors to the north, has one of the highest rates of suicide in the world. Why would the comparatively happy and well-off inhabitants of Kulbi fall victim to despair? Uncultural Behavior investigates the mystery of self-inflicted death among this nonviolent and orderly people in the Southern Philippines. To make sense of such a phenomenon, Charles Macdonald probes the beliefs, customs, and general disposition of this Palawan people, exploring how they live, think, behave, and relate to one another. Early chapters examine group formation and the spatialization of social ties, material culture, marriage, and law, providing an extensive ethnographic account of the Kulbi way of life. The author offers insights into the spiritual world of the community and addresses the local theory of emotions and the words that supply the vocabulary and idiom of indigenous commentaries on suicide. A well-documented case study of a suicide and its aftermath gives readers an idea of how Kulbi people treat suicide and their conflicting views on the subject. Following an analysis of statistical information, the author presents five profiles, bringing together motivations, actors, and circumstances. He concludes by examining the perspectives of neurobiology and genetics as well as psychology, sociology, and history.