Search Results for "early-latin-america"

Early Latin America

Early Latin America

A History of Colonial Spanish America and Brazil

  • Author: James Lockhart,Stuart B. Schwartz
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521299299
  • Category: History
  • Page: 480
  • View: 7010
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This book provides a general history of Latin America in the period between the European conquest and the gaining of independence by the Spanish American countries and Brazil (approximately 1492-1825). It is both an introduction for the student at the college level and a provisionally updated synthesis of the quickly changing field for the more experienced reader. The authors' aim is not only to treat colonial Brazil and colonial Spanish America in a single volume, something rarely done, but also to view early Latin America as one unit with a centre and peripheries, all parts of which were characterized by variants of the same kinds of change, regardless of national and imperial borders. The authors integrate both the older and the newer historical literature, seeing legal, institutional, and political phenomena within a social, economic, and cultural context. They incorporate insights from other disciplines and newer techniques of historical research, but eschew jargon or technical concepts. The approach of the book, with its emphasis on broad social and economic trends across large areas and long time periods, does much to throw light on Latin America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as well.

Of Things of the Indies

Of Things of the Indies

Essays Old and New in Early Latin American History

  • Author: James Lockhart
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780804738101
  • Category: History
  • Page: 397
  • View: 610
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This volume offers an illuminating overview of the work of a pioneering and highly distinguished scholar of Latin American social and cultural history and philology. The "old and new" of the subtitle is meant literally; the first piece was written in 1968, the last in 1998. Four of the twelve essays are published here for the first time.

Open Veins of Latin America

Open Veins of Latin America

Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent

  • Author: Eduardo Galeano
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0853459916
  • Category: History
  • Page: 360
  • View: 6709
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Since its U.S. debut a quarter-century ago, this brilliant text has set a new standard for historical scholarship of Latin America. It is also an outstanding political economy, a social and cultural narrative of the highest quality, and perhaps the finest description of primitive capital accumulation since Marx. Rather than chronology, geography, or political successions, Eduardo Galeano has organized the various facets of Latin American history according to the patterns of five centuries of exploitation. Thus he is concerned with gold and silver, cacao and cotton, rubber and coffee, fruit, hides and wool, petroleum, iron, nickel, manganese, copper, aluminum ore, nitrates, and tin. These are the veins which he traces through the body of the entire continent, up to the Rio Grande and throughout the Caribbean, and all the way to their open ends where they empty into the coffers of wealth in the United States and Europe. Weaving fact and imagery into a rich tapestry, Galeano fuses scientific analysis with the passions of a plundered and suffering people. An immense gathering of materials is framed with a vigorous style that never falters in its command of themes. All readers interested in great historical, economic, political, and social writing will find a singular analytical achievement, and an overwhelming narrative that makes history speak, unforgettably. This classic is now further honored by Isabel Allende's inspiring introduction. Universally recognized as one of the most important writers of our time, Allende once again contributes her talents to literature, to political principles, and to enlightenment.

Cosmos Latinos

Cosmos Latinos

An Anthology of Science Fiction from Latin America and Spain

  • Author: Andrea L. Bell,Yolanda Molina-Gavilán
  • Publisher: Wesleyan University Press
  • ISBN: 9780819566348
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 352
  • View: 9636
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The first-ever collection of Latin American science fiction in English.

Latin America's Cold War

Latin America's Cold War

  • Author: Hal Brands
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674058437
  • Category: History
  • Page: 408
  • View: 3870
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For Latin America, the Cold War was anything but cold. Nor was it the so-called “long peace” afforded the world’s superpowers by their nuclear standoff. In this book, the first to take an international perspective on the postwar decades in the region, Hal Brands sets out to explain what exactly happened in Latin America during the Cold War, and why it was so traumatic.

The Women of Colonial Latin America

The Women of Colonial Latin America

  • Author: Susan Migden Socolow
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316194000
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 511
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In this second edition of her acclaimed volume, The Women of Colonial Latin America, Susan Migden Socolow has revised substantial portions of the book - incorporating new topics and illustrative cases that significantly expand topics addressed in the first edition; updating historiography; and adding new material on poor, rural, indigenous and slave women.

Domination without Dominance

Domination without Dominance

  • Author: Gonzalo Lamana
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822388715
  • Category: History
  • Page: 304
  • View: 8717
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Offering an alternative narrative of the conquest of the Incas, Gonzalo Lamana both examines and shifts away from the colonial imprint that still permeates most accounts of the conquest. Lamana focuses on a key moment of transition: the years that bridged the first contact between Spanish conquistadores and Andean peoples in 1531 and the moment, around 1550, when a functioning colonial regime emerged. Using published accounts and array of archival sources, he focuses on questions of subalternization, meaning making, copying, and exotization, which proved crucial to both the Spaniards and the Incas. On the one hand, he re-inserts different epistemologies into the conquest narrative, making central to the plot often-dismissed, discrepant stories such as books that were expected to talk and year-long attacks that could only be launched under a full moon. On the other hand, he questions the dominant image of a clear distinction between Inca and Spaniard, showing instead that on the battlefield as much as in everyday arenas such as conversion, market exchanges, politics, and land tenure, the parties blurred into each other in repeated instances of mimicry. Lamana’s redefinition of the order of things reveals that, contrary to the conquerors’ accounts, what the Spanairds achieved was a “domination without dominance.” This conclusion undermines common ideas of Spanish (and Western) superiority. It shows that casting order as a by-product of military action rests on a pervasive fallacy: the translation of military superiority into cultural superiority. In constant dialogue with critical thinking from different disciplines and traditions, Lamana illuminates how this new interpretation of the conquest of the Incas revises current understandings of Western colonialism and the emergence of still-current global configurations.

Raising an Empire

Raising an Empire

Children in Early Modern Iberia and Colonial Latin America

  • Author: Ondina E. González,Bianca Premo
  • Publisher: UNM Press
  • ISBN: 9780826334411
  • Category: History
  • Page: 258
  • View: 1307
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From the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries, Spain and Portugal raised and nurtured vast American empires, both metaphorically and literally. From the very beginning, conquerors and settler elites engaged in colonial enterprises as they considered the New World through traditional Iberian ideas about childhood and as they established institutions for educating youths, sheltering infants, and extracting labor from children. Inevitably, Iberian concepts of childhood were transformed by everyday confrontations with the practices and norms of indigenous, African, and mixed-race inhabitants, and as new generations of truly colonial children were born. Raising an Empiretakes readers on a journey into the world of children and childhood in early modern Ibero-America. Its contributors enter a vibrant new field of study in the region and challenge the conventional notion that children are invisible in the historical record. Employing diverse methods to decode a wide variety of sources, these essays present their small subjects--elite maidens, abandoned babies, Indian servants, slave apprentices--through their lives and times.

Stop the Violence in Latin America

Stop the Violence in Latin America

A Look at Prevention from Cradle to Adulthood

  • Author: Laura Chioda
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 1464806659
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 422
  • View: 634
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The Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region has the undesirable distinction of being the world's most violent region, with 24.7 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. The magnitude of the problem is staggering and persistent. Of the top 50 most violent cities in the world, 42 are in LAC. In 2010 alone, 142,302 people in LAC fell victim to homicide, representing 390 homicides per day and 4.06 homicides every 15 minutes. Crime disproportionately affects young men aged 20 to 24, whose homicide rate of 92 per 100,000 nearly quadruples that of the region. The focus of Crime Prevention in Latin America and the Caribben is to identify policy interventions that, whether by design or indirect effect, have been shown to affect antisocial behavior early in life and patterns of criminal offending in youth and adults. Particular attention is devoted to recent studies that rigorously establish a causal link between the interventions in question and outcomes. This publication adopts a lifecycle perspective and argues that as individuals progress through different stages of the lifecycle, not only do different sets of risk factors arise and take more prominence, but their interactions and interdependencies shape human behavior. These interactions and the relative importance of different sets of risk factors identify relevant margins that can effectively be targeted by prevention policies, not only early in life, but throughout the lifecycle. Indeed prevention can never start too early, nor start too late, nor be too comprehensive.

Colonial Latin America

Colonial Latin America

A Documentary History

  • Author: Kenneth Mills,William B. Taylor,Sandra Lauderdale Graham
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • ISBN: 0742574075
  • Category: History
  • Page: 471
  • View: 4313
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Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History centers on people from different parts of the world who came together to form societies by chance and by design in the years after 1492. This text encourages detailed exploration of the cultural development of colonial Latin America through a wide variety of documents and visual materials, most of which have been translated and presented originally for this collection.

Baseball with a Latin Beat

Baseball with a Latin Beat

A History of the Latin American Game

  • Author: Peter C. Bjarkman
  • Publisher: McFarland
  • ISBN: 9780786483082
  • Category: Sports & Recreation
  • Page: 486
  • View: 3630
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Since Cuba's Esteban Bellan made his debut for the Troy Haymakers of the National Association in 1871, Latin Americans have played a large role in the major leagues. Nearly 15 percent of big league rosters are made up of Latinos, while the region's colorful and competitive winter leagues have been a proving ground for up-and-coming major league players and managers. Early Latin American stars were barred purely because of the color of their skin from playing in the major leagues. Players such as Jose Mendez and Martin Dihigo (the only player elected to the U.S., Cuban and Mexican halls of fame) made their marks on the Negro Leagues, turning the leagues' barnstorming tours into major attractions in many Caribbean countries. This history of the players and events that make up the rich tradition of Latin American baseball gives a unique insight to this long-neglected area of baseball.

Beneath the United States

Beneath the United States

A History of U. S. Policy Toward Latin America

  • Author: Lars Schoultz
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674043282
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 496
  • View: 6284
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In this sweeping history of United States policy toward Latin America, Lars Schoultz shows that the United States has always perceived Latin America as a fundamentally inferior neighbor, unable to manage its affairs and stubbornly underdeveloped. This perception of inferiority was apparent from the beginning. John Quincy Adams, who first established diplomatic relations with Latin America, believed that Hispanics were "lazy, dirty, nasty...a parcel of hogs." In the early nineteenth century, ex-President John Adams declared that any effort to implant democracy in Latin America was "as absurd as similar plans would be to establish democracies among the birds, beasts, and fishes." Drawing on extraordinarily rich archival sources, Schoultz, one of the country's foremost Latin America scholars, shows how these core beliefs have not changed for two centuries. We have combined self-interest with a "civilizing mission"--a self-abnegating effort by a superior people to help a substandard civilization overcome its defects. William Howard Taft felt the way to accomplish this task was "to knock their heads together until they should maintain peace," while in 1959 CIA Director Allen Dulles warned that "the new Cuban officials had to be treated more or less like children." Schoultz shows that the policies pursued reflected these deeply held convictions. While political correctness censors the expression of such sentiments today, the actions of the United States continue to assume the political and cultural inferiority of Latin America. Schoultz demonstrates that not until the United States perceives its southern neighbors as equals can it anticipate a constructive hemispheric alliance.

The Cambridge History of Latin America

The Cambridge History of Latin America

  • Author: Leslie Bethell
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521245180
  • Category: History
  • Page: 775
  • View: 3129
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Essays discuss Mexico, Central America, and the islands of the Caribbean since the Depression

Afro-Latin America

Afro-Latin America

  • Author: George Reid Andrews
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674545869
  • Category: History
  • Page: 133
  • View: 4442
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Two-thirds of Africans, both free and enslaved, who came to the Americas from 1500 to 1870 came to Spanish America and Brazil. Yet Afro-Latin Americans have been excluded from narratives of their hemisphere’s history. George Reid Andrews redresses this omission by making visible the lives and labors of black Latin Americans in the New World.

Woman And Art in Early Modern Latin America

Woman And Art in Early Modern Latin America

  • Author: Kellen Kee MacIntyre,Richard E. Phillips
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004153926
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 449
  • View: 6957
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This illustrated anthology brings together for the first time a collection of essays that explore the position of women and the contributions made by them to the arts and architecture of early modern Latin America.

Images of History

Images of History

Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Latin American Photographs as Documents

  • Author: Robert M. Levine
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780822309994
  • Category: History
  • Page: 216
  • View: 2338
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In this work Robert M. Levine undertakes two separate and important tasks: to provide the first overview of the history of photography in Latin America until the advent of the cheap cameras that permitted mass photography, and to analyze the photographic record for clues to the use of the images as historical documents. Levine has woven together an account of the development of photographic equipment and processes, with the artists and entrepreneurs who actually took the pictures, and places the emergence of photography firmly in the historical context of Latin American societies. Treating the photographs themselves—some 225 in all—Levine develops criteria for questions we can ask of the photographs in an attempt to extract emotional, psychological, and personal information, as well as the more obvious material evidence. This is an often subjective process, one that can lead to differing results, and observers may well come to conclusions departing radically from those of the author. But this may well be one of the most important functions of an innovative work, the creation of controversy that stimulates forward motion in a discipline.

The Promise of Early Childhood Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Promise of Early Childhood Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Author: Emiliana Vegas,Lucrecia Santib ez
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821381649
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 220
  • View: 8702
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Early childhood development outcomes play an important role throughout a person's life, affecting one's income-earning capacity and productivity, longevity, health, and cognitive ability. The deleterious effects of poor early childhood development outcomes can be long-lasting, affecting school attainment, employment, wages, criminality, and social integration of adults. The authors first take stock of early childhood development indicators in the region and explore access to early childhood development services for children of different backgrounds. They review recent evidence on the impact of early childhood development interventions in the region and investigate more deeply a selection of programs in Latin America and the Caribbean to distill lessons related to their design, implementation and institutionalization processes. The book concludes with a discussion of the challenges of scaling up and presents policy options to develop national early childhood development policies and programs that may be effective and sustained over time.

The Flower and the Scorpion

The Flower and the Scorpion

Sexuality and Ritual in Early Nahua Culture

  • Author: Pete Sigal
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 082235151X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 361
  • View: 2066
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Sigal argues that sixteenth century Nahua sexuality cannot be fully understood only through colonial sensibilities and sources. He examines legal documents, clerical texts, pictorial manuscripts, images and glyphs of Nahua gods and goddesses and descriptions of fertility rituals and other historical accounts and stories to show the complexity of Nahua sexuality.

The Oil Business in Latin America

The Oil Business in Latin America

The Early Years

  • Author: John D. Wirth
  • Publisher: Beard Books
  • ISBN: 9781587981036
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 324
  • View: 2852
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Essays in this book present five case studies that offer insight into the Latin American approach to petroleum resources and industries, focusing on Standard Oil of New Jersey and the four nationalized oil companies in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela. Essays on each company examine company