Search Results for "early-latin-america"

Early Latin America

Early Latin America

A History of Colonial Spanish America and Brazil

  • Author: James Lockhart,Stuart B. Schwartz
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521299299
  • Category: History
  • Page: 480
  • View: 8934
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This book provides a general history of Latin America in the period between the European conquest and the gaining of independence by the Spanish American countries and Brazil (approximately 1492-1825). It is both an introduction for the student at the college level and a provisionally updated synthesis of the quickly changing field for the more experienced reader. The authors' aim is not only to treat colonial Brazil and colonial Spanish America in a single volume, something rarely done, but also to view early Latin America as one unit with a centre and peripheries, all parts of which were characterized by variants of the same kinds of change, regardless of national and imperial borders. The authors integrate both the older and the newer historical literature, seeing legal, institutional, and political phenomena within a social, economic, and cultural context. They incorporate insights from other disciplines and newer techniques of historical research, but eschew jargon or technical concepts. The approach of the book, with its emphasis on broad social and economic trends across large areas and long time periods, does much to throw light on Latin America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as well.

Latin America in the Middle Period, 1750-1929

Latin America in the Middle Period, 1750-1929

  • Author: Stuart F. Voss
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780842050258
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 8287
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The customary division of Latin American history into colonial and modern periods has come into question recently. This new book demonstrates that there was a middle period in Latin America's historical evolution since the European Conquest-one no longer colonial, but not yet modern-which has left a legacy in its own right for contemporary Latin America. This volume is a narrative text on Latin America's "long nineteenth century," from the period of Imperial Reforms in the late eighteenth century up to the Great Depression. Incorporating local and regional studies from the last three decades which have profoundly broadened and altered customary views about Latin America, the book is a synthesis of this "Middle Period." Latin America in the Middle Period re-evaluates the relation between subsistence and market production in the post-independence economy, stressing regional diversity. It also re-evaluates the mechanics of politics, which customarily have been seen as liberal-conservative, caudillo-oligarchy, region-nation, and merchant-landowner-industrialist. The text discusses the acceleration of the forces of modernization, the rise of industrial capitalism, and the beginnings of a national ordering of life in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries which eroded the fabric of Middle Period society, a process consummated in the aftermath of world depression in the 1930s, ushering in modern Latin America. This new volume is an excellent resource for courses in nineteenth-century Latin American history and the second half of Latin American history survey.

The Church in Colonial Latin America

The Church in Colonial Latin America

  • Author: John Frederick Schwaller
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780842027045
  • Category: History
  • Page: 252
  • View: 5126
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The Catholic Church played a significant role in social action in colonial Latin America: a time when the Church was the most important institution next to the royal government. This collection of classic articles and modern research looks at the Church's active social and political influence.

The Oil Business in Latin America

The Oil Business in Latin America

The Early Years

  • Author: John D. Wirth
  • Publisher: Beard Books
  • ISBN: 9781587981036
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 324
  • View: 4461
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Essays in this book present five case studies that offer insight into the Latin American approach to petroleum resources and industries, focusing on Standard Oil of New Jersey and the four nationalized oil companies in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela. Essays on each company examine company

The Cambridge History of Latin America

The Cambridge History of Latin America

  • Author: Leslie Bethell
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521495943
  • Category: History
  • Page: 645
  • View: 9013
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This volume discusses trends in twentieth-century Latin American literature, philosophy, art, music, and popular culture.

Mexico and the United States

Mexico and the United States

Ambivalent Vistas

  • Author: William Dirk Raat
  • Publisher: University of Georgia Press
  • ISBN: 0820325953
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 3495
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NAFTA, the collapse of the peso, the Zapatista rebellion in Chiapas, and heightened attention to illegal immigration and the drug trade are just some of the recent issues that are newly interpreted in this updated survey of U.S.-Mexican relations. Ranging from the precontact colonial eras of each country to the present-day administrations of Vicente Fox and George W. Bush, W. Dirk Raat's coverage focuses on the economic, cultural, and political trends and events that have regarded each other over the centuries. Raat pays special attention to the factors that have subordinated Mexico not only to "the Colossus of the North" but to many other players in the global market. He also offers a unique look at the cultural dynamics of Gran Chichimeca or Mexamerica, the borderlands where the two countries share a common history.

Woman And Art in Early Modern Latin America

Woman And Art in Early Modern Latin America

  • Author: Kellen Kee MacIntyre,Richard E. Phillips
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004153926
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 449
  • View: 5732
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This illustrated anthology brings together for the first time a collection of essays that explore the position of women and the contributions made by them to the arts and architecture of early modern Latin America.

Early Childhood Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

Early Childhood Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 2006031716
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7354
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The Promise of Early Childhood Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Promise of Early Childhood Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Author: Emiliana Vegas,Lucrecia Santib ez
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821381649
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 220
  • View: 9553
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Early childhood development outcomes play an important role throughout a person's life, affecting one's income-earning capacity and productivity, longevity, health, and cognitive ability. The deleterious effects of poor early childhood development outcomes can be long-lasting, affecting school attainment, employment, wages, criminality, and social integration of adults. The authors first take stock of early childhood development indicators in the region and explore access to early childhood development services for children of different backgrounds. They review recent evidence on the impact of early childhood development interventions in the region and investigate more deeply a selection of programs in Latin America and the Caribbean to distill lessons related to their design, implementation and institutionalization processes. The book concludes with a discussion of the challenges of scaling up and presents policy options to develop national early childhood development policies and programs that may be effective and sustained over time.

Race And Ethnicity In Latin America

Race And Ethnicity In Latin America

  • Author: Peter Wade
  • Publisher: Pluto Press
  • ISBN: 9780745309873
  • Category: History
  • Page: 152
  • View: 4111
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'An excellent source on past and present debates, and a coherent and insightful set of proposals concerning methodology'.International Affairs'More than merely providing a student's textbook. [Wade] covers the main themes and offers a comprehensive overview of the relevant debates ... an excellent textbook.'European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies'Wade's latest book is intelligent and easy-to-read, and represents a significant contribution to the knowledge and understanding of the dynamics of race and ethnicity in Latin America.'Patterns of Prejudice

Early Identification of at Risk Youth in Latin America

Early Identification of at Risk Youth in Latin America

  • Author: Wendy Cunningham, Emilie Bagby
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7877
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A new literature on the nature of and policies for youth in Latin America is emerging, but there is still very little known about who are the most vulnerable young people. This paper aims to characterize the heterogeneity in the youth population and identify ex ante the youth that are at-risk and should be targeted with prevention programs. Using non-parametric methodologies and specialized youth surveys from Mexico and Chile, the authors quantify and characterize the different sub-groups of youth, according to the amount of risk in their lives, and find that approximately 20 percent of 18 to 24 year old Chileans and 40 percent of the same age cohort in Mexico are suffering the consequences of a range of negative behaviors. Another 8 to 20 percent demonstrate factors in their lives that pre-dispose them to becoming at-risk youth - they are the candidates for prevention programs. The analysis finds two observable variables that can be used to identify which children have a higher probability of becoming troubled youth: poverty and residing in rural areas. The analysis also finds that risky behaviors increase with age and differ by gender, thereby highlighting the need for program and policy differentiation along these two demographic dimensions.

Animal Oppression and Human Violence

Animal Oppression and Human Violence

Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict

  • Author: David A. Nibert
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231525516
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 352
  • View: 7094
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Jared Diamond and other leading scholars have argued that the domestication of animals for food, labor, and tools of war has advanced the development of human society. But by comparing practices of animal exploitation for food and resources in different societies over time, David A. Nibert reaches a strikingly different conclusion. He finds in the domestication of animals, which he renames "domesecration," a perversion of human ethics, the development of large-scale acts of violence, disastrous patterns of destruction, and growth-curbing epidemics of infectious disease. Nibert centers his study on nomadic pastoralism and the development of commercial ranching, a practice that has been largely controlled by elite groups and expanded with the rise of capitalism. Beginning with the pastoral societies of the Eurasian steppe and continuing through to the exportation of Western, meat-centered eating habits throughout today's world, Nibert connects the domesecration of animals to violence, invasion, extermination, displacement, enslavement, repression, pandemic chronic disease, and hunger. In his view, conquest and subjugation were the results of the need to appropriate land and water to maintain large groups of animals, and the gross amassing of military power has its roots in the economic benefits of the exploitation, exchange, and sale of animals. Deadly zoonotic diseases, Nibert shows, have accompanied violent developments throughout history, laying waste to whole cities, societies, and civilizations. His most powerful insight situates the domesecration of animals as a precondition for the oppression of human populations, particularly indigenous peoples, an injustice impossible to rectify while the material interests of the elite are inextricably linked to the exploitation of animals. Nibert links domesecration to some of the most critical issues facing the world today, including the depletion of fresh water, topsoil, and oil reserves; global warming; and world hunger, and he reviews the U.S. government's military response to the inevitable crises of an overheated, hungry, resource-depleted world. Most animal-advocacy campaigns reinforce current oppressive practices, Nibert argues. Instead, he suggests reforms that challenge the legitimacy of both domesecration and capitalism.

The Emergence of Latin American Science Fiction

The Emergence of Latin American Science Fiction

  • Author: Rachel Haywood Ferreira
  • Publisher: Wesleyan University Press
  • ISBN: 9780819570833
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3132
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Early science fiction has often been associated almost exclusively with Northern industrialized nations. In this groundbreaking exploration of the science fiction written in Latin America prior to 1920, Rachel Haywood Ferreira argues that science fiction has always been a global genre. She traces how and why the genre quickly reached Latin America and analyzes how writers in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico adapted science fiction to reflect their own realities. Among the texts discussed are one of the first defenses of Darwinism in Latin America, a tale of a time-traveling history book, and a Latin American Frankenstein. Latin American science fiction writers have long been active participants in the sf literary tradition, expanding the limits of the genre and deepening our perception of the role of science and technology in the Latin American imagination. The book includes a chronological bibliography of science fiction published from 1775 to 1920 in all Latin American countries.

Looking South

Looking South

The Evolution of Latin Americanist Schloarship in the United States, 1850-1975

  • Author: Helen Delpar
  • Publisher: University of Alabama Press
  • ISBN: 0817354646
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 241
  • View: 1792
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A comprehensive, ambitious, and valuable work on an increasingly important subject In the Preface to her new study, Latin Americanist Helen Delpar writes, "Since the seventeenth century, Americans have turned their gaze toward the lands to the south, seeing in them fields for religious proselytization, economic enterprise, and military conquest." Delpar, consequently, aims her considerable gaze back at those Americans and the story behind their longtime fascination with Latin American culture. By visiting seminal works and the cultures from which they emerged, following the effects of changes in scholarly norms and political developments on the training of students, and evaluating generations of scholarship in texts, monographs, and journal articles, Delpar illuminates the growth of scholarly inquiry into Latin American history, anthropology, geography, political science, economics, sociology, and other social science disciplines.

Of Things of the Indies

Of Things of the Indies

Essays Old and New in Early Latin American History

  • Author: James Lockhart
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780804738101
  • Category: History
  • Page: 397
  • View: 6131
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This volume offers an illuminating overview of the work of a pioneering and highly distinguished scholar of Latin American social and cultural history and philology. The "old and new" of the subtitle is meant literally; the first piece was written in 1968, the last in 1998. Four of the twelve essays are published here for the first time.

Sex and Sexuality in Early America

Sex and Sexuality in Early America

  • Author: Merril D. Smith
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814729363
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 220
  • View: 3560
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What role did sexual assault play in the conquest of America? How did American attitudes toward female sexuality evolve, and how was sexuality regulated in the early Republic? Sex and sexuality have always been the subject of much attention, both scholarly and popular. Yet, accounts of the early years of the United States tend to overlook the importance of their influence on the shaping of American culture. Sex and Sexuality in Early America addresses this neglected topic with original research covering a wide spectrum, from sexual behavior to sexual perceptions and imagery. Focusing on the period between the initial contact of Europeans and Native Americans up to 1800, the essays encompass all of colonial North America, including the Caribbean and Spanish territories. Challenging previous assumptions, these essays address such topics as rape as a tool of conquest; perceptions and responses to Native American sexuality; fornication, bastardy, celibacy, and religion in colonial New England; gendered speech in captivity narratives; representations of masculinity in eighteenth- century seduction tales, the sexual cosmos of a southern planter, and sexual transgression and madness in early American fiction. The contributors include Stephanie Wood, Gordon Sayre, Steven Neuwirth, Else L. Hambleton, Erik R. Seeman, Richard Godbeer, Trevor Burnard, Natalie A. Zacek, Wayne Bodle, Heather Smyth, Rodney Hessinger, and Karen A. Weyler.

Multiculturalism, Postcoloniality, and Transnational Media

Multiculturalism, Postcoloniality, and Transnational Media

  • Author: Ella Shohat,Robert Stam
  • Publisher: Rutgers University Press
  • ISBN: 9780813532356
  • Category: Performing Arts
  • Page: 335
  • View: 2826
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Reflecting academic interests in nation, race, gender, sexuality and other axes of identity, this text gathers these concerns under the same umbrella, contending that these issues must be discussed in relation to each other because communities, societiesand nations do not exist autonomously.

Long Before Stonewall

Long Before Stonewall

Histories of Same-sex Sexuality in Early America

  • Author: Thomas A. Foster
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 9780814727492
  • Category: History
  • Page: 405
  • View: 965
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2007 Choice Outstanding Academic Title Although the 1969 Stonewall riots in New York City symbolically mark the start of the gay rights movement, individuals came together long before the modern era to express their same-sex romantic and sexual attraction toward one another, and in a myriad of ways. Some reflected on their desires in quiet solitude, while others endured verbal, physical, and legal harassment for publicly expressing homosexual interest through words or actions. Long Before Stonewall seeks to uncover the many iterations of same-sex desire in colonial America and the early Republic, as well as to expand the scope of how we define and recognize homosocial behavior. Thomas A. Foster has assembled a pathbreaking, interdisciplinary collection of original and classic essays that explore topics ranging from homoerotic imagery of black men to prison reform to the development of sexual orientations. This collection spans a regional and temporal breadth that stretches from the colonial Southwest to Quaker communities in New England. It also includes a challenge to commonly accepted understandings of the Native American berdache. Throughout, connections of race, class, status, and gender are emphasized, exposing the deep foundations on which modern sexual political movements and identities are built.

A History of Modern Latin America

A History of Modern Latin America

1800 to the Present

  • Author: Teresa A. Meade
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1444358111
  • Category: History
  • Page: 416
  • View: 8045
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A History of Modern Latin America: 1800 to the Present examines the diverse and interlocking experiences of people of indigenous, African, and European backgrounds from the onset of independence until today. Illustrates and analyzes the major and minor events that shape history, the triumphs and defeats, and the everyday lives of people of varied classes and racial and ethnic backgrounds Intersperses accounts of the lives of prominent figures with those of ordinary people Emphasizes gender's role in influencing political and economic change and shaping cultural identity Student and instructor resources available at http://minerva.union.edu/meadet/modernlatinamerica/index.html [Wiley disclaims all responsibility and liability for the content of any third-party websites that can be linked to from this website. Users assume sole responsibility for accessing third-party websites and the use of any content appearing on such websites. Any views expressed in such websites are the views of the authors of the content appearing on those websites and not the views of Wiley or its affiliates, nor do they in any way represent an endorsement by Wiley or its affiliates.]

Asia and Latin America

Asia and Latin America

Political, Economic and Multilateral Relations

  • Author: Jörn Dosch,Olaf Jacob
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135273235
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 8509
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This book analyses the economic, political and socio-cultural relations between Asia and Latin America and examines their growing importance in international relations.