Search Results for "early-mesopotamian-law"

Early Mesopotamian Law

Early Mesopotamian Law

  • Author: Russ VerSteeg
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780890899779
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 228
  • View: 5921
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Russ VerSteeg is a Professor of Law at New England School of Law in Boston, Massachusetts.

Early Mesopotamia

Early Mesopotamia

Society and Economy at the Dawn of History

  • Author: J. N. Postgate
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9780415008433
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 367
  • View: 4858
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Old World civilization began in the Near East, in Egypt and in Mesopotamia, where two very different cultures prospered. Egypt, isolated as it was within the Nile Valley, largely failed to export its culture. Early Mesopotamia, however, exerted its influence throughout the Near Eastern world, and thence to Greece. Early Mesopotamia: Society and Economy at the Dawn of History offers an entirely new account of this complex and influential society. Early Mesopotamia has left us many thousands of inscribed clay tablets, ranging from the archives of government offices and merchant houses to diplomatic and private correspondence. These reveal the most intimate details of law, commerce, irrigation and agriculture two thousand years before Classical Greece. With the help of a wealth of illustrations and quotations from these documents, Nicholas Postgate explores the organization of the world's first urban society. Surprisingly modern at times, Mesopotamia was technologically and socially innovative, as well as acutely self-analytical and dominated by bureaucracy and commerce. Early Mesopotamia integrates historical and archaeological data which until now have been largely scattered in specialist literature. It will prove invaluable to students of archaeology, ancient history, anthropology and Biblical studies.

Law in the Ancient World

Law in the Ancient World

  • Author: Russ VerSteeg
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780890899762
  • Category: History
  • Page: 398
  • View: 6580
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State Formation and Political Legitimacy

State Formation and Political Legitimacy

  • Author: Ronald Cohen,Judith Drick Toland
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781412835060
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 204
  • View: 4365
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The evolution of the state from earlier forms of political organization is associated with revolutionary changes in the structure of inequality. These magnify distinctions in rank and power that outweigh anything previously known in so-called primitive societies. This volume explains how and why people came to accept and even identify themselves with this new form of authority. The introduction provides a new theory of legitimacy by synthesizing and uniting earlier theories from psychological, cultural-materialist, rational choice, and Marxist approaches. The case studies which follow present a wide range of materials on cultures in both Western and non-Western settings, and across a number of different historical periods. Included are examples from Africa, Asia, Europe, and the New World. Older states such as Ur, Inca, and medieval France are examined along with more contemporary states including Indonesia, Tanzania, and the revolutionary beginnings of the United States. Using a variety of approaches the contributors show in each instance how the state obtained and used its power, then attempted to have its power accepted as the natural order under the protection of supra-naturally ordained authority. No matter how tyrannical or benign, the cases show that state power must be justified by faith and experience that demonstrates its value to the participants. Through such analysis, the book demonstrates that states must be capable of enforcing their rule, but that they cannot deceive populations into accepting state domination. Indeed, the book suggests that social evolution moves toward less coercive rule and increased democratization. Ronald Cohen is a political anthropologist who has taught at the Universities of Toronto, McGill, Northwestern, and Ahmadu Bello, and is on the faculty of the University of Florida. He has carried out field research in Africa, the Arctic and Washington. His major works include The Kanuri of Borno, Dominance and Defiance, Origins of the State, and a book in preparation on food policy and agricultural transformation in Africa. Judith D. Toland is a lecturer at University College, Northwestern University, and the College of Arts and Sciences, Loyola University of Chicago. She is the director of her own corporate and non-profit consulting firm. She has done fieldwork in Ayacucho, Peru and has written widely on the Inca State.

Women, Crime and Punishment in Ancient Law and Society

Women, Crime and Punishment in Ancient Law and Society

Volume 1: The Ancient Near East

  • Author: Elisabeth Meier Tetlow
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 9780826416285
  • Category: History
  • Page: 338
  • View: 2876
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Crime and punishment, criminal law and its administration, are areas of ancient history that have been explored less than many other aspects of ancient civilizations. Throughout history women have been affected by crime both as victims and as offenders. Yet, in the ancient world customary laws were created by men, formal laws were written by men, and both were interpreted and enforced by men.

The Code of Hammurabi

The Code of Hammurabi

  • Author: Hammurabi
  • Publisher: WS via PublishDrive
  • ISBN: 2378989776
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 123
  • View: 8406
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The Code of Hammurabi (Codex Hammurabi) is a well-preserved ancient law code, created ca. 1790 BC (middle chronology) in ancient Babylon. It was enacted by the sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi. One nearly complete example of the Code survives today, inscribed on a seven foot, four inch tall basalt stele in the Akkadian language in the cuneiform script. One of the first written codes of law in recorded history. These laws were written on a stone tablet standing over eight feet tall (2.4 meters) that was found in 1901.

Exploring Tort Law

Exploring Tort Law

  • Author: M. Stuart Madden
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521851367
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 492
  • View: 7207
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Independent of criminal or contract law, Tort law provides individuals and groups with redress for injury to every dimension of life from physical injury, to property damage, to personal insult. Over past decades no body of law within the civil justice system has experienced greater ferment than the law of Torts. In the US, state courts, federal courts, and the Supreme Court have all been active in the development of Tort policy. This edited collection comprises scholarship from many of today's most influential contributors regarding Torts and Compensation Systems scholarship. Topics include an investigation of the original stimuli for tort-type norms from ancient times onwards, a provocative analysis of five tort landmarks from MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. to United States v. Carroll Towing Co, and a frank assessment of the limitations of torts within broader compensation systems goals.

The Right to Be Punished

The Right to Be Punished

Modern Doctrinal Sentencing

  • Author: Gabriel Hallevy
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 364232388X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 236
  • View: 4916
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Does an offender have the right to be punished? "The right to be punished" may sound like an oxymoron, but it is not necessarily so. With the emergence of modern criminal law, the offender gained the right to be punished by rational criminal law rather than being lynched by an angry mob. The present-day offender may have the right to be punished by doctrinal sentencing rather than being subjected to verdicts based on vague, unclear, and uncertain principles. In modern criminal law, the imposition of criminal liability follows accurate and strict rules, whereas there are no similar rules for the imposition of punishment. The process of sentencing is vague and obscure, as are the considerations used for the imposition of punishments. The objective of the present book is to propose a comprehensive, general, and legally sophisticated theory of modern doctrinal sentencing. The challenges of such a legal theory are plenty and complex. In addition to increasing clarity and certainty, modern doctrinal sentencing must deal with modern types of delinquency (e.g. organized crime, recidivism, corporate offenders, high-tech offenses, etc.) and modern principles of criminal law. Modern doctrinal sentencing must serve to ensure optimal sentencing.

Early Mesopotamian Divination Literature

Early Mesopotamian Divination Literature

Its Organizational Framework and Generative and Paradigmatic Characteristics

  • Author: Abraham Winitzer
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004347003
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 512
  • View: 3892
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In Early Mesopotamian Divination Literature Winitzer offers an account the creation or generation of the Old Babylonian extispicy omen collections and their meaning from the perspective of these texts’ organizational structure.

Studies in the Book of the Covenant in the Light of Cuneiform and Biblical Law

Studies in the Book of the Covenant in the Light of Cuneiform and Biblical Law

  • Author: Shalom Paul
  • Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN: 1597524794
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 174
  • View: 1714
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Contents Acknowledgements Abbreviations Foreword by Samuel Greengus 1. Introduction 2. Cuneiform Law 3. Cuneiform Prologues and Epilogues to Legal Collections 4. The Problem of Prologue and Epilogue to the Book of the Covenant and Leading Features of Biblical Law 5. Annotations to the Laws of the Book of the Covenant 6. Summary Appendix I. Verse Arrangement of the Laws of the Book of the Covenant Appendix II. Cuneiform and Biblical Legal Formulations Bibliography Index of Sources

The Law's Beginnings

The Law's Beginnings

  • Author: Ferdinand Joseph Maria Feldbrugge
  • Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • ISBN: 9789004137059
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 289
  • View: 2275
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Law, as we know it, with its rules and rituals, its procedures and professionals, has not been around forever. It came into being, it emerged, at different places and different times. Sources which allow us to observe the processes of law's beginnings have survived in some cases. In this book, scholars from various disciplines-linguists, lawyers, historians, anthropologists-present their findings concerning the earliest legal systems of a great variety of peoples and civilizations, from Mesopotamia and Ancient India to Greece and Rome, from the early Germanic, Celtic and Slavic nations, but also from other parts of the world. The general picture is complemented by an investigation into the Indo-European roots of a number of ancient legal systems, contributions from the point of view of legal philosophy and theory, and an overview of the insights gained.

Tracing the Earliest Recorded Concepts of International Law

Tracing the Earliest Recorded Concepts of International Law

The Ancient Near East (2500-330 BCE)

  • Author: Amnon Altman
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004222529
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 254
  • View: 1192
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This book offers a unique survey of legal practices and ideas relating to international relations in the Ancient Near East between 2500 and 330 BC.

Law in Ancient Egypt

Law in Ancient Egypt

  • Author: Russ VerSteeg
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 241
  • View: 1027
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From Mesopotamia to the Mishnah

From Mesopotamia to the Mishnah

Tannaitic Inheritance Law in its Legal and Social Contexts

  • Author: Jonathan S. Milgram
  • Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
  • ISBN: 9783161540219
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 222
  • View: 8365
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In this study, Jonathan S. Milgram demonstrates that the transformation of inheritance law from the biblical to the tannaitic period is best explained against the backdrop of the legal and social contexts in which the tannaitic laws were formulated. Employing text and source critical methods, he argues that, in the absence of the hermeneutic underpinnings for tannaitic innovations, the laws were not the result of the rabbinic imagination and its penchant for inventive interpretation of Scripture. Turning to the rich repositories in biblical, ancient near eastern, Second Temple, Greek, Elephantine, Judean desert, and Roman sources, the author searches for conceptual parallels and antecedents as well as formulae and terminology adopted and adapted by the tannaim. Since the tannaitic traditions reflect the social and economic contexts of the tannaitic period - the nuclear family on privatized landholdings in urban centers - the author also considers the degree to which tannaitic inheritance laws may have emerged out of these contexts.

Ancient Mesopotamia

Ancient Mesopotamia

Portrait of a Dead Civilization

  • Author: A. Leo Oppenheim
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022617767X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 462
  • View: 3048
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"This splendid work of scholarship . . . sums up with economy and power all that the written record so far deciphered has to tell about the ancient and complementary civilizations of Babylon and Assyria."—Edward B. Garside, New York Times Book Review Ancient Mesopotamia—the area now called Iraq—has received less attention than ancient Egypt and other long-extinct and more spectacular civilizations. But numerous small clay tablets buried in the desert soil for thousands of years make it possible for us to know more about the people of ancient Mesopotamia than any other land in the early Near East. Professor Oppenheim, who studied these tablets for more than thirty years, used his intimate knowledge of long-dead languages to put together a distinctively personal picture of the Mesopotamians of some three thousand years ago. Following Oppenheim's death, Erica Reiner used the author's outline to complete the revisions he had begun. "To any serious student of Mesopotamian civilization, this is one of the most valuable books ever written."—Leonard Cottrell, Book Week "Leo Oppenheim has made a bold, brave, pioneering attempt to present a synthesis of the vast mass of philological and archaeological data that have accumulated over the past hundred years in the field of Assyriological research."—Samuel Noah Kramer, Archaeology A. Leo Oppenheim, one of the most distinguished Assyriologists of our time, was editor in charge of the Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute and John A. Wilson Professor of Oriental Studies at the University of Chicago.

Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

  • Author: Jean Bott?ro,André Finet,Bertrand Lafont,Georges Roux
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801868641
  • Category: History
  • Page: 276
  • View: 6538
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Fifteen articles on the history of ancient Mesopotamia explore such topics as women's rights, architecture, myth, sexuality, and cuisine.

Materiality of Writing in Early Mesopotamia

Materiality of Writing in Early Mesopotamia

  • Author: Thomas E. Balke,Christina Tsouparopoulou
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3110459639
  • Category: History
  • Page: 307
  • View: 5341
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This volume presents recent research on the relationship between the material format of text-bearing artefacts, the texts they carry, and their genre. The essays cover a vast period, from the counting stones of the late 4th millennium BCE to the time of the Great Hittite Kingdom in the 2nd millennium BCE. The breadth of substantive focus allows new insights of relevance to scholars in both Ancient Middle Eastern studies and the humanities.

Ezekiel in Context

Ezekiel in Context

Ezekiel's Message Understood in Its Historical Setting of Covenant Curses and Ancient Near Eastern Mythological Motifs

  • Author: Brian Neil Peterson
  • Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN: 1630878065
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 434
  • View: 3057
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One of the most perplexing and misunderstood books of the Bible, Ezekiel has left many scholars and exegetes scratching their heads regarding its message, coherency, and interpretation. Brian Peterson's look at the book of Ezekiel as a unified whole set within an exilic context helps explain some of the more difficult symbolic aspects in the book and makes Ezekiel as a whole more intelligible. Drawing on ancient Near Eastern concepts and motifs such as covenant and treaty curses, the various gods that made up the Babylonian pantheon, and the position that Israel held as the people of Yahweh, Peterson enlightens readers by showing that Ezekiel can only be understood in its original context. By placing the book first in its historical context, Peterson demonstrates how the original hearers of its message would have understood it, and how this message can be appreciated and applied by people today as well.

Between the Rivers

Between the Rivers

  • Author: Harry Turtledove
  • Publisher: Macmillan
  • ISBN: 9781429914963
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 416
  • View: 4493
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At the sun-drenched dawn of human history, in the great plain between the two great rivers, are the cities of men. And each city is ruled by its god. But the god of the city of Gibil is lazy and has let the men of his city develop the habit of thinking for themselves. Now the men of Gibil have begun to devise arithmetic, and commerce, and are sending expeditions to trade with other lands. They're starting to think that perhaps men needn't always be subject to the whims of gods. This has the other god worried. And well they might be...because human cleverness, once awakened, isn't likely to be easily squelched.