Search Results for "early-mesopotamian-law"

Early Mesopotamian Law

Early Mesopotamian Law

  • Author: Russ VerSteeg
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780890899779
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 228
  • View: 5860
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Russ VerSteeg is a Professor of Law at New England School of Law in Boston, Massachusetts.

State Formation and Political Legitimacy

State Formation and Political Legitimacy

  • Author: Ronald Cohen,Judith Drick Toland
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781412835060
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 204
  • View: 7693
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The evolution of the state from earlier forms of political organization is associated with revolutionary changes in the structure of inequality. These magnify distinctions in rank and power that outweigh anything previously known in so-called primitive societies. This volume explains how and why people came to accept and even identify themselves with this new form of authority. The introduction provides a new theory of legitimacy by synthesizing and uniting earlier theories from psychological, cultural-materialist, rational choice, and Marxist approaches. The case studies which follow present a wide range of materials on cultures in both Western and non-Western settings, and across a number of different historical periods. Included are examples from Africa, Asia, Europe, and the New World. Older states such as Ur, Inca, and medieval France are examined along with more contemporary states including Indonesia, Tanzania, and the revolutionary beginnings of the United States. Using a variety of approaches the contributors show in each instance how the state obtained and used its power, then attempted to have its power accepted as the natural order under the protection of supra-naturally ordained authority. No matter how tyrannical or benign, the cases show that state power must be justified by faith and experience that demonstrates its value to the participants. Through such analysis, the book demonstrates that states must be capable of enforcing their rule, but that they cannot deceive populations into accepting state domination. Indeed, the book suggests that social evolution moves toward less coercive rule and increased democratization. Ronald Cohen is a political anthropologist who has taught at the Universities of Toronto, McGill, Northwestern, and Ahmadu Bello, and is on the faculty of the University of Florida. He has carried out field research in Africa, the Arctic and Washington. His major works include The Kanuri of Borno, Dominance and Defiance, Origins of the State, and a book in preparation on food policy and agricultural transformation in Africa. Judith D. Toland is a lecturer at University College, Northwestern University, and the College of Arts and Sciences, Loyola University of Chicago. She is the director of her own corporate and non-profit consulting firm. She has done fieldwork in Ayacucho, Peru and has written widely on the Inca State.

Women, Crime and Punishment in Ancient Law and Society

Women, Crime and Punishment in Ancient Law and Society

Volume 1: The Ancient Near East

  • Author: Elisabeth Meier Tetlow
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 9780826416285
  • Category: History
  • Page: 338
  • View: 4257
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Crime and punishment, criminal law and its administration, are areas of ancient history that have been explored less than many other aspects of ancient civilizations. Throughout history women have been affected by crime both as victims and as offenders. Yet, in the ancient world customary laws were created by men, formal laws were written by men, and both were interpreted and enforced by men.

The Right to Be Punished

The Right to Be Punished

Modern Doctrinal Sentencing

  • Author: Gabriel Hallevy
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 364232388X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 236
  • View: 5180
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Does an offender have the right to be punished? "The right to be punished" may sound like an oxymoron, but it is not necessarily so. With the emergence of modern criminal law, the offender gained the right to be punished by rational criminal law rather than being lynched by an angry mob. The present-day offender may have the right to be punished by doctrinal sentencing rather than being subjected to verdicts based on vague, unclear, and uncertain principles. In modern criminal law, the imposition of criminal liability follows accurate and strict rules, whereas there are no similar rules for the imposition of punishment. The process of sentencing is vague and obscure, as are the considerations used for the imposition of punishments. The objective of the present book is to propose a comprehensive, general, and legally sophisticated theory of modern doctrinal sentencing. The challenges of such a legal theory are plenty and complex. In addition to increasing clarity and certainty, modern doctrinal sentencing must deal with modern types of delinquency (e.g. organized crime, recidivism, corporate offenders, high-tech offenses, etc.) and modern principles of criminal law. Modern doctrinal sentencing must serve to ensure optimal sentencing.

Exploring Tort Law

Exploring Tort Law

  • Author: M. Stuart Madden
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521851367
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 492
  • View: 1884
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This is a collection of scholarship from the most influential contributors regarding Torts law.

Studies in the Book of the Covenant in the Light of Cuneiform and Biblical Law

Studies in the Book of the Covenant in the Light of Cuneiform and Biblical Law

  • Author: Shalom Paul
  • Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN: 1597524794
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 174
  • View: 3451
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Contents Acknowledgements Abbreviations Foreword by Samuel Greengus 1. Introduction 2. Cuneiform Law 3. Cuneiform Prologues and Epilogues to Legal Collections 4. The Problem of Prologue and Epilogue to the Book of the Covenant and Leading Features of Biblical Law 5. Annotations to the Laws of the Book of the Covenant 6. Summary Appendix I. Verse Arrangement of the Laws of the Book of the Covenant Appendix II. Cuneiform and Biblical Legal Formulations Bibliography Index of Sources

The Law's Beginnings

The Law's Beginnings

  • Author: Ferdinand Joseph Maria Feldbrugge
  • Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • ISBN: 9789004137059
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 289
  • View: 1179
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Law, as we know it, with its rules and rituals, its procedures and professionals, has not been around forever. It came into being, it emerged, at different places and different times. Sources which allow us to observe the processes of law's beginnings have survived in some cases. In this book, scholars from various disciplines-linguists, lawyers, historians, anthropologists-present their findings concerning the earliest legal systems of a great variety of peoples and civilizations, from Mesopotamia and Ancient India to Greece and Rome, from the early Germanic, Celtic and Slavic nations, but also from other parts of the world. The general picture is complemented by an investigation into the Indo-European roots of a number of ancient legal systems, contributions from the point of view of legal philosophy and theory, and an overview of the insights gained.

Münchener Beiträge zur Papyrusforschung Heft 107: Fortschritt auf Umwegen - Umgehung und Fiktion in Rechtsurkunden des Altertums

Münchener Beiträge zur Papyrusforschung Heft 107: Fortschritt auf Umwegen - Umgehung und Fiktion in Rechtsurkunden des Altertums

  • Author: Guido Pfeifer
  • Publisher: C.H.Beck
  • ISBN: 3406651968
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 158
  • View: 6842
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Kann Rechtsmissbrauch innovative Wirkungen zeitigen? Inwieweit tragen Umgehungsgeschäfte und die Verwendung fiktiver Elemente in Urkundenformularen zur Entwicklung neuer Rechtsformen bei? Ausgewählte Beispiele aus der Rechtspraxis des Alten Orients, des hellenistischen Ägypten und Roms geben in historisch-rechtsvergleichender Perspektive hierauf Antwort.

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

  • Author: David Copp
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190208201
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 680
  • View: 439
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The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory is a major new reference work in ethical theory consisting of commissioned essays by leading moral philosophers. Ethical theories have always been of central importance to philosophy, and remain so; ethical theory is one of the most active areas of philosophical research and teaching today. Courses in ethics are taught in colleges and universities at all levels, and ethical theory is the organizing principle for all of them. The Handbook is divided into two parts, mirroring the field. The first part treats meta-ethical theory, which deals with theoretical questions about morality and moral judgment, including questions about moral language, the epistemology of moral belief, the truth aptness of moral claims, and so forth. The second part addresses normative theory, which deals with general moral issues, including the plausibility of various ethical theories and abstract principles of behavior. Examples of such theories are consequentialism and virtue theory. As with other Oxford Handbooks, the twenty-five contributors cover the field in a comprehensive and highly accessible way, while achieving three goals: exposition of central ideas, criticism of other approaches, and putting forth a distinct viewpoint.

Ezekiel in Context

Ezekiel in Context

Ezekiel’s Message Understood in Its Historical Setting of Covenant Curses and Ancient Near Eastern Mythological Motifs

  • Author: Brian Neil Peterson
  • Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN: 1630878065
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 434
  • View: 2505
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One of the most perplexing and misunderstood books of the Bible, Ezekiel has left many scholars and exegetes scratching their heads regarding its message, coherency, and interpretation. Brian Peterson's look at the book of Ezekiel as a unified whole set within an exilic context helps explain some of the more difficult symbolic aspects in the book and makes Ezekiel as a whole more intelligible. Drawing on ancient Near Eastern concepts and motifs such as covenant and treaty curses, the various gods that made up the Babylonian pantheon, and the position that Israel held as the people of Yahweh, Peterson enlightens readers by showing that Ezekiel can only be understood in its original context. By placing the book first in its historical context, Peterson demonstrates how the original hearers of its message would have understood it, and how this message can be appreciated and applied by people today as well.

The Alphabet Versus the Goddess

The Alphabet Versus the Goddess

The Conflict Between Word and Image

  • Author: Leonard Shlain
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1101573910
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 496
  • View: 5549
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This groundbreaking book proposes that the rise of alphabetic literacy reconfigured the human brain and brought about profound changes in history, religion, and gender relations. Making remarkable connections across brain function, myth, and anthropology, Dr. Shlain shows why pre-literate cultures were principally informed by holistic, right-brain modes that venerated the Goddess, images, and feminine values. Writing drove cultures toward linear left-brain thinking and this shift upset the balance between men and women, initiating the decline of the feminine and ushering in patriarchal rule. Examining the cultures of the Israelites, Greeks, Christians, and Muslims, Shlain reinterprets ancient myths and parables in light of his theory. Provocative and inspiring, this book is a paradigm-shattering work that will transform your view of history and the mind.

Introduction to Middle Eastern Law

Introduction to Middle Eastern Law

  • Author: Chibli Mallat
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191021725
  • Category: History
  • Page: 504
  • View: 8905
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This book provides an introduction to the laws of the Middle East, defining the contours of a field of study that deserves to be called 'Middle Eastern law'. It introduces Middle Eastern law as a reflection of legal styles, many of which are shared by Islamic law and the laws of Christian and Jewish Near Eastern communities. It offers a detailed survey of the foundations of Middle Eastern Law, using court archives and an array of legal sources from the earliest records of Hammurabi to the massive compendia of law in the Islamic classical age through to the latest decisions of Middle Eastern high courts. It focuses on the way legislators and courts conceive of law and apply it in the Middle East. It builds on the author's extensive legal practice, with the aim of introducing the Middle Eastern law's main sources and concepts in a manner accessible to non-specialist legal scholars and practitioners alike. The book begins with an exploration of the depth and variety of Middle Eastern law, introducing the concepts of shari'a, fiqh, and qanun, (which all mean 'law'), and dwelling on Islamic law as the 'common law' of the Middle East. It provides a historical introduction to the contemporary Middle East, exploring political systems, constitutional law, judicial review, the laws of tort and obligations, commercial law (including Islamic banking, company law, capital markets, and commercial arbitration); and examines legislative reform in family law and the position of women in the legal system. The author considers the interaction between Islamic and Western laws and includes a bibliography designed for further research into the jurisdictions and themes explored throughout the book.

Early Antiquity

Early Antiquity

  • Author: I. M. Diakonoff
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226144658
  • Category: History
  • Page: 461
  • View: 637
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The internationally renowned Assyriologist and linguist I. M. Diakonoff has gathered the work of Soviet historians in this survey of the earliest history of the ancient Near East, Central Asia, India, and China. Diakonoff and his colleagues, nearly all working within the general Marxist historiographic tradition, offer a comprehensive, accessible synthesis of historical knowledge from the beginnings of agriculture through the advent of the Iron Age and the Greek colonization in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea areas. Besides discussing features of Soviet historical scholarship of the ancient world, the essays treat the history of early Mesopotamia and the course of Pharaonic Egyptian civilization and developments in ancient India and China from the Bronze Age into the first millennium B.C. Additional chapters are concerned with the early history of Syria, Phoenicia, and Palestine, the Hittite civilization, the Creto-Mycenaean world, Homeric Greece, and the Phoenician and Greek colonization. This volume offers a unified perspective on early antiquity, focusing on the economic and social relations of production. Of immense value to specialists, the book will also appeal to general readers. I. M. Diakonoff is a senior research scholar of ancient history at the Institute of Oriental Studies, Leningrad Academy of Sciences. Philip L. Kohl is professor of anthropology at Wellesley College.

Tracing the Earliest Recorded Concepts of International Law

Tracing the Earliest Recorded Concepts of International Law

The Ancient Near East (2500-330 BCE)

  • Author: Amnon Altman
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004222529
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 254
  • View: 5773
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This book offers a unique survey of legal practices and ideas relating to international relations in the Ancient Near East between 2500 and 330 BC.

Law from the Tigris to the Tiber: Cuneiform and biblical sources

Law from the Tigris to the Tiber: Cuneiform and biblical sources

  • Author: Raymond Westbrook
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781575061764
  • Category: Jewish law
  • Page: 555
  • View: 1921
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Die Welt der Götterbilder

Die Welt der Götterbilder

  • Author: Brigitte Groneberg,Hermann Spieckermann
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 9783110194630
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 380
  • View: 9171
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Divine images create their own world of theological reflection and religious practice. Pictorial representations have to reduce complexity, yet at the same time they create their own complexity. The present volume examines this phenomenon with papers on fundamental issues and presentations of material from the Ancient Orient, Greece and the Hellenic world. Papers on the contact between Christianity and Islam in the matter of the veneration of images make clear what compensation strategies are developed when pictorial representations are subject to theological censure. The volume contains eighteen contributions from internationally renowned researchers writing in German and English.

Law in the Ancient World

Law in the Ancient World

  • Author: Russ VerSteeg
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780890899762
  • Category: History
  • Page: 398
  • View: 6062
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Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten

  • Author: James C. Scott
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 3518761528
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 329
  • View: 1514
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Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihren Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

  • Author: Yuval Noah Harari
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 364110498X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 528
  • View: 3298
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.