Search Results for "economic-statecraft"

Economic Statecraft

Economic Statecraft

  • Author: David Allen Baldwin
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691101750
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 409
  • View: 8058
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A nuclear world desperately in need of alternatives to military force demands better understanding of all techniques of statecraft. In this book David A. Baldwin draws on social power analyses to develop an analytic framework for evaluating such techniques, and uses it to challenge the conventional view that economic tools of foreign policy do not work. Integrating insights from economics, political science, psychology, philosophy, history, law, and sociology, this comprehensive work discusses not only the utility of economic statecraft but also its morality, legality, and role in the history of international thought. It will help statesmen, scholars, and citizens to evaluate crucial foreign policy choices.

Sanctions as Economic Statecraft

Sanctions as Economic Statecraft

Theory and Practice

  • Author: S. Chan,A. Drury
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230596975
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 258
  • View: 6367
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book approaches economic sanctions as a form of statecraft in order to better study the oft used but not well understood policy. The chapters study a variety of historical and current cases involving the use of economic threats and promises. Their authors come from both academic and policy making fields, as well as different disciplinary backgrounds (political science and economics). They apply different research approaches (case studies, statistical analysis, formal economics) to increase our understanding of the sanction puzzle.

Economic Statecraft

Economic Statecraft

Human Rights, Sanctions, and Conditionality

  • Author: Cécile Fabre
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674988841
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 1049
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Economic sanctions provide an alternative to waging war or a means to advance human rights. But are they morally justifiable? Philosophers have explored the ethics of war but rarely the ethics of carrots and sticks. Cécile Fabre offers a defense of economic statecraft, laying out a normative framework for this critical tool of diplomacy.

Chinese Economic Statecraft

Chinese Economic Statecraft

Commercial Actors, Grand Strategy, and State Control

  • Author: William J. Norris
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 1501704028
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 4533
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In Chinese Economic Statecraft, William J. Norris introduces an innovative theory that pinpoints how states employ economic tools of national power to pursue their strategic objectives. Norris shows what Chinese economic statecraft is, how it works, and why it is more or less effective. Norris provides an accessible tool kit to help us better understand important economic developments in the People's Republic of China. He links domestic Chinese political economy with the international ramifications of China’s economic power as a tool for realizing China’s strategic foreign policy interests. He presents a novel approach to studying economic statecraft that calls attention to the central challenge of how the state is (or is not) able to control and direct the behavior of economic actors. Norris identifies key causes of Chinese state control through tightly structured, substate and crossnational comparisons of business-government relations. These cases range across three important arenas of China’s grand strategy that prominently feature a strategic role for economics: China’s efforts to secure access to vital raw materials located abroad, Mainland relations toward Taiwan, and China’s sovereign wealth funds. Norris spent more than two years conducting field research in China and Taiwan during which he interviewed current and former government officials, academics, bankers, journalists, advisors, lawyers, and businesspeople. The ideas in this book are applicable beyond China and help us to understand how states exercise international economic power in the twenty-first century.

Smart Sanctions

Smart Sanctions

Targeting Economic Statecraft

  • Author: David Cortright,George A. Lopez
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780742501430
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 259
  • View: 3586
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Smart Sanctions explores the emerging concept of targeted sanctions and provides a comprehensive framework for new sanctions strategies for the 21st century. It includes essays by experts and analysts from the United Nations community, the European Union, the United States Government, and the academic community. Visit our website for sample chapters!

China's Economic Statecraft: Co-optation, Cooperation And Coercion

China's Economic Statecraft: Co-optation, Cooperation And Coercion

  • Author: Li Mingjiang
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9814713481
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 642
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book aims to study China's economic statecraft in the contemporary era in a comprehensive manner. It attempts to explore China's approaches to using its economic, trade, investment, and financial power for the pursuit of its political, security, and strategic interests at the regional and global levels. The volume addresses three major issue areas in particular. The first issue pertains to how Beijing has used its economic clout to protect what it perceives as its "core interests" in its external relations. Three cases are included: the Taiwan issue, human rights, and territorial dispute in the South China Sea. The second major area of inquiry focuses on how China has employed its economic power in its key bilateral relations, including relations with Japan, North Korea, the United States, and other states in the East Asian region. The third issue concerns China's economic statecraft in the global context. It addresses the impacts of China's economic power and policy on the transformation of the global financial structure, developments in Africa, the international intellectual property rights regime, and China's food security relations with the outside world.

Power and the Purse

Power and the Purse

Economic Statecraft, Interdependence and National Security

  • Author: Jean-Marc F. Blanchard,Edward D. Mansfield,Norrin M. Ripsman
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135268940
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 9788
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The essays here address the relationship between economic interdependence and international conflict, the political economy of economic sanctions, and the role of economic incentives in international statecraft.

Economic Statecraft and Foreign Policy

Economic Statecraft and Foreign Policy

Sanctions, Incentives, and Target State Calculations

  • Author: Jean-Marc F. Blanchard,Norrin M. Ripsman
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136225811
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 6536
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book develops a unified theory of economic statecraft to clarify when and how sanctions and incentives can be used effectively to secure meaningful policy concessions. High-profile applications of economic statecraft have yielded varying degrees of success. The mixed record of economic incentives and economic sanctions in many cases raises important questions. Under what conditions can states modify the behaviour of other states by offering them tangible economic rewards or by threatening to disrupt existing economic relations? To what extent does the success of economic statecraft depend on the magnitude of economic penalties and rewards? In order to answer these questions, this book develops two analytic models: one weighs the threats economic statecraft poses to the Target’s Strategic Interests (TSI); while the other (stateness) assesses the degree to which the target state is insulated from domestic political pressures that senders attempt to generate or exploit. Through a series of carefully crafted case studies, including African apartheid and Japanese incentives to obtain the return of the Northern Territories, the authors demonstrate how their model can yield important policy insights in regards to contemporary economic sanctions and incentives cases, such as Iran and North Korea. This book will be of much interest to students of statecraft, sanctions, diplomacy, foreign policy, and international security in general.

War by Other Means

War by Other Means

  • Author: Robert D. Blackwill,Jennifer M. Harris
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674545982
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 376
  • View: 9633
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Nations carry out geopolitical combat through economic means. Yet America often reaches for the gun over the purse to advance its interests abroad. Robert Blackwill and Jennifer Harris show that if U.S. policies are left uncorrected, the price in blood and treasure will only grow. Geoeconomic warfare requires a new vision of U.S. statecraft.

US Economic Statecraft for Survival, 1933-1991

US Economic Statecraft for Survival, 1933-1991

Of Sanctions, Embargoes and Economic Warfare

  • Author: Alan P. Dobson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134460783
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 384
  • View: 7570
DOWNLOAD NOW »
How have US economic defence policies promoted its security since 1933? US Policies of Economic Warfare, 1933-1991 concentrates on an important and neglected facet of America's fight for survival in the latter half of the twentieth century. It explains how US policy-makers crafted and used instruments of economic statecraft against states that posed vital threats to the survival of the USA. This study situates economic defence policy within the broad context of US foreign policy and explores its response to the totalitarianism of the 1930s, the Second World War and the complex strategic and political developments of the Cold War.

Geo-economics and Power Politics in the 21st Century

Geo-economics and Power Politics in the 21st Century

The Revival of Economic Statecraft

  • Author: Mikael Wigell,Sören Scholvin,Mika Aaltola
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351172263
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 250
  • View: 1890
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Starting from the key concept of geo-economics, this book investigates the new power politics and argues that the changing structural features of the contemporary international system are recasting the strategic imperatives of foreign policy practice. States increasingly practice power politics by economic means. Whether it is about Iran’s nuclear programme or Russia’s annexation of Crimea, Western states prefer economic sanctions to military force. Most rising powers have also become cunning agents of economic statecraft. China, for instance, is using finance, investment and trade as means to gain strategic influence and embed its global rise. Yet the way states use economic power to pursue strategic aims remains an understudied topic in International Political Economy and International Relations. The contributions to this volume assess geo-economics as a form of power politics. They show how power and security are no longer simply coupled to the physical control of territory by military means, but also to commanding and manipulating the economic binds that are decisive in today’s globalised and highly interconnected world. Indeed, as the volume shows, the ability to wield economic power forms an essential means in the foreign policies of major powers. In so doing, the book challenges simplistic accounts of a return to traditional, military-driven geopolitics, while not succumbing to any unfounded idealism based on the supposedly stabilising effects of interdependence on international relations. As such, it advances our understanding of geo-economics as a strategic practice and as an innovative and timely analytical approach. This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, international political economy, foreign policy and International Relations in general.

Economic Statecraft during the Cold War

Economic Statecraft during the Cold War

European Responses to the US Trade Embargo

  • Author: Frank Cain
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134200595
  • Category: History
  • Page: 240
  • View: 3487
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Discussing a rarely researched aspect of the Cold War, this volume uses new material to examine how the United States trade embargo on the Soviet Union and communist China severed relationships with Europe, particularly focusing on Great Britain. In the late 1940s, the US government stopped nearly all exports to the entire Sino-Soviet bloc in the belief that it would hinder the expansion of Soviet and Chinese military potential. To continue receiving the US Marshall Aid, European countries had to impose similar bans, but were reluctant because their trade links with the USSR and its satellite countries had existed for centuries. The US thereafter negotiated with Europe about what to include or exclude from the list of authorised goods, severely straining diplomatic relations. Economic Statecraft during the Cold War details these negotiations, casting new light on the ambivalent US-UK relationship and providing insights into the changing emphasis between the Republican and Democrat administrations on the key question of trade embargo, by explaining how the firm consistency in the application of the US policy over the succeeding decades of the Cold War was maintained. This book will be of much interest to all students and scholars of Cold War history, intelligence studies and international history in general.

Financial Statecraft

Financial Statecraft

The Role of Financial Markets in American Foreign Policy

  • Author: Benn Steil,Robert E. Litan
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300128260
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 224
  • View: 8167
DOWNLOAD NOW »
divAs trade flows expanded and trade agreements proliferated after World War II, governments—most notably the United States—came increasingly to use their power over imports and exports to influence the behavior of other countries. But trade is not the only way in which nations interact economically. Over the past two decades, another form of economic exchange has risen to a level of vastly greater significance and political concern: the purchase and sale of financial assets across borders. Nearly $2 trillion worth of currency now moves cross-border every day, roughly 90 percent of which is accounted for by financial flows unrelated to trade in goods and services—a stunning inversion of the figures in 1970. The time is ripe to ask fundamental questions about what Benn Steil and Robert Litan have coined as “financial statecraft,” or those aspects of economic statecraft directed at influencing international capital flows. How precisely has the American government practiced financial statecraft? How effective have these efforts been? And how can they be made more effective? The authors provide penetrating and incisive answers in this timely and stimulating book. /DIV

The Sanctions Paradox

The Sanctions Paradox

Economic Statecraft and International Relations

  • Author: Daniel W. Drezner
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521644150
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 342
  • View: 1436
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This 1999 argues that, paradoxically, countries are likely to use sanctions under conditions where they will produce the feeblest results.

Engaging North Korea

Engaging North Korea

The Role of Economic Statecraft

  • Author: Stephan Haggard,Marcus Noland
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781932728927
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 95
  • View: 1915
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This monograph reviews the efficacy of economic statecraft vis- -vis North Korea, with a particular focus on the use of sanctions and inducements on the part of the United States in seeking to achieve nonproliferation and wider foreign policy objectives. Two structural constraints operate: North Korea's particularly repressive state, with a narrowing governing coalition; and the country's changing economic relations. As an empirical matter, there is little evidence that sanctions had effect, or did so only in conjunction with inducements. However, inducements did not yield significant results either, in part because of severe credibility and sequencing problems in the negotiations.

Beijing's Economic Statecraft during the Cold War, 1949–1991

Beijing's Economic Statecraft during the Cold War, 1949–1991

  • Author: Shu Guang Zhang
  • Publisher: Woodrow Wilson Center Press / Johns Hopkins University Press
  • ISBN: 9781421415833
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 496
  • View: 6661
DOWNLOAD NOW »
, and Japan, but it looks at how Moscow, Hanoi, Pyongyang, Tirana, and Ulan Bator interacted with Beijing in their political economic relations.

Minilateralism

Minilateralism

How Trade Alliances, Soft Law and Financial Engineering are Redefining Economic Statecraft

  • Author: Chris Brummer
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139868179
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6717
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Economic diplomacy is changing. The multilateral organizations that dominated the last half of the twentieth century no longer monopolize economic affairs. Instead, countries are resorting to more modest 'minilateral' strategies like trade alliances, informal 'soft law' agreements, and financial engineering to manage the global economy. Like traditional modes of economic statecraft, these tools are aimed at both liberalizing and supervising international financial policy in a world of diverse national interests. But unlike before, they are specifically tailored to navigating a post-American (and post-Western) world where economic power is more diffuse than ever before. This book explains how these strategies work and reveals how this new diplomatic toolbox will reshape how countries do business with one another for decades to come.

Western Economic Statecraft in East-West Relations

Western Economic Statecraft in East-West Relations

Embargoes, Sanctions, Linkage, Economic Warfare, and Detente

  • Author: Philip Hanson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 9780710214430
  • Category: East-West trade
  • Page: 85
  • View: 4975
DOWNLOAD NOW »

China's Economic Statecraft

China's Economic Statecraft

Co-optation, Cooperation, and Coercion

  • Author: Mingjiang Li,Natalie Yan Hong
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 9789814713467
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 300
  • View: 832
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book aims to study China's economic statecraft in the contemporary era in a comprehensive manner. It attempts to explore China's approaches to using its economic, trade, investment, and financial power for the pursuit of its political, security, and strategic interests at the regional and global levels. The volume addresses three major issue areas in particular. The first issue pertains to how Beijing has used its economic clout to protect what it perceives as its "core interests" in its external relations. Three cases are included: the Taiwan issue, human rights, and territorial dispute in the South China Sea. The second major area of inquiry focuses on how China has employed its economic power in its key bilateral relations, including relations with Japan, North Korea, the United States, and other states in the East Asian region. The third issue concerns China's economic statecraft in the global context. It addresses the impacts of China's economic power and policy on the transformation of the global financial structure, developments in Africa, the international intellectual property rights regime, and China's food security relations with the outside world.

Russia's Response to Sanctions

Russia's Response to Sanctions

How Western Economic Statecraft is Reshaping Political Economy in Russia

  • Author: Richard Connolly
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108415024
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 244
  • View: 9175
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The first in-depth scholarly analysis of the effects of Western sanctions, and Russia's response on the Russian economy.