Search Results for "egypt-from-alexander-to-the-early-christians-an-archaeological-and-historical-guide"

Egypt from Alexander to the Copts

Egypt from Alexander to the Copts

An Archaeological and Historical Guide Revised Electronic Edition

  • Author: Roger S. Bagnall,Dominic W. Rathbone
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 1617975842
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1398
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After its conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 bc, Egypt was ruled for the next 300 years by the Ptolemaic dynasty founded by Ptolemy I, one of Alexander's generals. With the defeat of Cleopatra VII in 30 bc, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, and later of the Byzantine Empire. For a millennium it was one of the wealthiest, most populous and important lands of the multicultural Mediterranean civilization under Greek and Roman rule. The thousand years from Alexander to the Arab conquest in ad 641 are rich in archaeological interest and well documented by 50,000 papyri in Greek, Egyptian, Latin, and other languages. But travelers and others interested in the remains of this period are ill-served by most guides to Egypt, which concentrate on the pharaonic buildings. This book redresses the balance, with clear and concise descriptions related to documents and historical background that enable us to appreciate the fascinating cities, temples, tombs, villages, churches, and monasteries of the Hellenistic, Roman, and Late Antique periods. Written by a dozen leading specialists and reflecting the latest discoveries and research, it provides an expert visitor's guide to the principal cities, many off the well-worn tourist paths. It also offers a vivid picture of Egyptian society at differing economic and social levels.

Egypt in Late Antiquity

Egypt in Late Antiquity

  • Author: Roger S. Bagnall
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691010960
  • Category: History
  • Page: 370
  • View: 6225
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Focusing on Egypt from the accession of Diocletian in 284 to the middle of the fifth century, this book brings together information pertaining to the society, economy and culture of a province important to understanding the entire eastern part of the later

The Earliest Christian Meeting Places

The Earliest Christian Meeting Places

Almost Exclusively Houses?

  • Author: Edward Adams
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 0567157326
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 208
  • View: 560
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Edward Adams challenges a strong consensus in New Testament and Early Christian studies: that the early Christians met 'almost exclusively' in houses. This assumption has been foundational for research on the social formation of the early churches, the origins and early development of church architecture, and early Christian worship. Recent years have witnessed increased scholarly interest in the early 'house church'. Adams re-examines the New Testament and other literary data, as well as archaeological and comparative evidence, showing that explicit evidence for assembling in houses is not nearly as extensive as is usually thought. He also shows that there is literary and archaeological evidence for meeting in non-house settings. Adams makes the case that during the first two centuries, the alleged period of the 'house church', it is plausible to imagine the early Christians gathering in a range of venues rather than almost entirely in private houses. His thesis has wide-ranging implications.

Nile Into Tiber

Nile Into Tiber

Egypt in the Roman World : Proceedings of the IIIrd International Conference of Isis Studies, Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, May 11-14, 2005

  • Author: Laurent Bricault,Miguel John Versluys,Paul G. P. Meyboom
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004154205
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 562
  • View: 648
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"Egypt in the Roman world" --- Studies on the meaning of Aegyptiaca Romana and the understanding of the cults of Isis in their local context.

Reading Papyri, Writing Ancient History

Reading Papyri, Writing Ancient History

  • Author: Roger S Bagnall
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134870205
  • Category: History
  • Page: 168
  • View: 4174
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The ancient Mediterranean world brought to us by Herodotus, Thucydides and Tacitus is one of politics, war and the power elite of Greece and Rome. There was another ancient world, in which ordinary people made a living, sold land, ran their towns and sued one another. This is the world that the papyri bring to life; this book is about how they do so. Reading Papyri, Writing Ancient History demonstrates how historians can put together information from scattered and often badly damaged documents to build up a picture of the society, economy and culture of the multicultural world of antiquity. Through discussion of contemporary historical work on the documents, Roger Bagnall scrutinises alternative ways of approaching these sources. He shows how the ancient historian can use the methodologies of anthropology, comparative history and statistics alongside more traditional tools to turn these texts into questions and answers. Students and teachers of ancient history will find Reading Papyri, Writing Ancient History an indispensable guide to using these ancient texts in their own work.

Life in Egypt Under Roman Rule

Life in Egypt Under Roman Rule

  • Author: Naphtali Lewis
  • Publisher: Amer Society of Papyrologists
  • ISBN: 9780788505607
  • Category: History
  • Page: 240
  • View: 4374
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This classic book by the `doyen of papyrologists' describes the economy and society of Roman Egypt from the ground level up, using the testimony of papyri. The unique climate of Egypt has preserved tens of thousands of records, covering a period of some 4,000 years from 3000 BC to AD 1000. Focusing on just part of this period (30 BC to AD 285), this book offers the perfect introduction to the possible uses of such material. The author takes a thematic approach, discussing the various areas of daily life into which papyri offer unique insights. From the production of food, to `works and days of Gods and Goblins' and `rendering unto Caesar', Naphtali Lewis uses quotations from the sources combined with an encyclopedic knowledge of the cultural context to bring a seemingly obscure class of evidence to life. "Lewis's writing is masterful in the amount of knowledge displayed and brilliant in the clarity with which complicated subjects are discussed." - Michael Woloch, The American Historical Review.

The Red Monastery Church

The Red Monastery Church

Beauty and Asceticism in Upper Egypt

  • Author: Elizabeth S. Bolman
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300212305
  • Category: Art, Byzantine
  • Page: 432
  • View: 3560
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The Red Monastery church is the most important extant early Christian monument in Egypt s Nile Valley, and one of the most significant of its period in the Mediterranean region. A decade-long conservation project has revealed some of the best surviving and most remarkable early Byzantine paintings known to date. The church was painted four times during the 5th and 6th centuries, and significant portions of each iconographic program are preserved. Extensive painted ornament also covers the church s elaborate architectural sculpture, echoing the aesthetics found at San Vitale in Ravenna and the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. Distinguished contributors from a wide range of disciplines, including art and architectural history, ancient religion, history, and conservation, discuss the church s importance. Topics include late antique aesthetics, early monastic concepts of beauty and ascetic identity, and connections between the center and the periphery in the early Byzantine world. Beautifully illustrated with more than 300 images, this landmark publication introduces the remarkable history and magnificence of the church and its art to the public for the first time."

The Jews of Egypt

The Jews of Egypt

From Rameses II to Emperor Hadrian

  • Author: Joseph Modrzejewski
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691015750
  • Category: History
  • Page: 279
  • View: 7431
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The remarkable literary records of early Jewish communities form the basis of this study of what has been called `The first Jewish Golden Age'. The usually dry evidence of marriage contracts, petitions, affidavits, loans and tax receipts is used to bring to life the massive Jewish communities of hellenistic cities like Alexandria. This history also stretches to discuss Jewish life in Egypt under the pharaohs, right through to the Egyptian community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under the Romans. A fascinating and well-written history.

Realia Byzantina

Realia Byzantina

  • Author: Sofia Kotzabassi,Γιάννης Κ Μαυρομάτης
  • Publisher: de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 9783110222302
  • Category: History
  • Page: 326
  • View: 5924
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Dieser Sammelband vereinigt sechsundzwanzig Beiträge zur byzantinischen Literatur, in denen renommierte Byzantinisten Themen aus dem Bereich der Epistolografie, Historiografie, Hagiografie, Philologie und Prosopografie behandeln. Unter den untersuchten Texten bzw. Dokumenten finden sich etliche, die neu ediert worden sind.

The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

  • Author: Roger S. Bagnall
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199843694
  • Category: History
  • Page: 712
  • View: 1196
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Thousands of documentary and literary texts written on papyri and potsherds, in Egyptian, Greek, Latin, Aramaic, Hebrew, and Persian, have transformed our knowledge of many aspects of life in the ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern worlds. Here experts provide a comprehensive guide to understanding this ancient documentary evidence.

Early Christianity in Contexts

Early Christianity in Contexts

An Exploration across Cultures and Continents

  • Author: William Tabbernee
  • Publisher: Baker Academic
  • ISBN: 1441245715
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 640
  • View: 9332
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This major work draws on current archaeological and textual research to trace the spread of Christianity in the first millennium. William Tabbernee, an internationally renowned scholar of the history of Christianity, has assembled a team of expert historians to survey the diverse forms of early Christianity as it spread across centuries, cultures, and continents. Organized according to geographical areas of the late antique world, this book examines what various regions looked like before and after the introduction of Christianity. How and when was Christianity (or a new form or expression of it) introduced into the region? How were Christian life and thought shaped by the particularities of the local setting? And how did Christianity in turn influence or reshape the local culture? The book's careful attention to local realities adds depth and concreteness to students' understanding of early Christianity, while its broad sweep introduces them to first-millennium precursors of today's variegated, globalized religion. Numerous photographs, sidebars, and maps are included.

Everyday Writing in the Graeco-Roman East

Everyday Writing in the Graeco-Roman East

  • Author: Roger S. Bagnall
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520275799
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 179
  • View: 1890
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"This is the most important and original study of literacy and the function of writing in ancient society to have appeared in the last twenty years. In a masterly and detailed survey of evidence from across the ancient Mediterranean world, Bagnall shows how and why 'routine' writing was essential to social and administrative infrastructures from the Hellenistic to the Byzantine periods. Essential reading for anyone interested in understanding the role and function of the written text in human social behaviour." —Alan Bowman, Camden Professor of Ancient History, Oxford University "This richly illustrated and annotated book takes the reader on an extended tour from North Africa to Afghanistan. Bagnall’s theme is the ubiquity and pervasiveness of writing in the long millennium from Alexander to the Arab conquests and beyond. Briskly challenging the currently fashionable low estimates on the extent of literacy and the prevalence of writing in the ancient world, Bagnall surveys and explains what has survived and what has been lost—and why. This is a book both for specialists and for the general reader, sure to inspire admiration and reaction." —James G. Keenan, Professor of Classical Studies, Loyola University Chicago “Bagnall's book is not only a study of everyday writing in the Graeco-Roman East, but also an investigation into how our documentation has been distorted by patterns of conservation and discovery and the choices made by modern editors. The sound reflections of an historian on the sources of history.” —Jean-Luc Fournet, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris

The Reign of Cleopatra

The Reign of Cleopatra

  • Author: Stanley Mayer Burstein
  • Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
  • ISBN: 9780806138718
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 179
  • View: 637
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An engaging, accessible biography of the legendary Egyptian queen, with source documents Ambitious, intelligent, and desired by powerful men, Cleopatra VII came to power at a time when Roman and Egyptian interests increasingly concerned the same object: Egypt itself. Cleopatra lived and reigned at the center of this complex and persistent power struggle. Her legacy has since lost much of its former political significance, as she has come to symbolize instead the potent force of female sexuality and power. In this engaging and multifaceted account, Stanley M. Burstein displays Cleopatra in the full manifold brilliance of the multiple cultures, countries, and people that surrounded her throughout her compelling life, and in so doing develops a stunning picture of a legendary queen and a deeply historic reign. Designed as an accessible introduction to Cleopatra VII and her time, The Reign of Cleopatra offers readers and researchers an appealing mix of descriptive chapters, biographical sketches, and annotated primary documents. The narrative chapters conclude with a discussion of Cleopatra’s significance as a person, a queen, and a symbol. A glossary and annotated bibliography round out the volume.

The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt

The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt

  • Author: Toby Wilkinson
  • Publisher: Random House
  • ISBN: 0679604294
  • Category: History
  • Page: 656
  • View: 4658
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NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER In this landmark work, one of the world’s most renowned Egyptologists tells the epic story of this great civilization, from its birth as the first nation-state to its final absorption into the Roman Empire—three thousand years of wild drama, bold spectacle, and unforgettable characters. Award-winning scholar Toby Wilkinson captures not only the lavish pomp and artistic grandeur of this land of pyramids and pharaohs but for the first time reveals the constant propaganda and repression that were its foundations. Drawing upon forty years of archaeological research, Wilkinson takes us inside an exotic tribal society with a pre-monetary economy and decadent, divine kings who ruled with all-too-recognizable human emotions. Here are the years of the Old Kingdom, where Pepi II, made king as an infant, was later undermined by rumors of his affair with an army general, and the Middle Kingdom, a golden age of literature and jewelry in which the benefits of the afterlife became available for all, not just royalty—a concept later underlying Christianity. Wilkinson then explores the legendary era of the New Kingdom, a lost world of breathtaking opulence founded by Ahmose, whose parents were siblings, and who married his sister and transformed worship of his family into a national cult. Other leaders include Akhenaten, the “heretic king,” who with his wife Nefertiti brought about a revolution with a bold new religion; his son Tutankhamun, whose dazzling tomb would remain hidden for three millennia; and eleven pharaohs called Ramesses, the last of whom presided over the militarism, lawlessness, and corruption that caused a crucial political and societal decline. Riveting and revelatory, filled with new information and unique interpretations, The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt will become the standard source about this great civilization, one that lasted—so far—longer than any other. From the Hardcover edition.

Greetings in the Lord

Greetings in the Lord

Early Christians and the Oxyrhynchus Papyri

  • Author: AnneMarie Luijendijk
  • Publisher: Harvard Divinity School theological
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 294
  • View: 1559
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"Investigates private letters and official documents found at the ancient Egyptian city of Oxyrhynchus pertaining to Christians in the pre-Constantinian era, taking the reader to the marketplace, church, and court room. Analyzes scribal habits, discoverst

Coming Out Christian in the Roman World

Coming Out Christian in the Roman World

How the Followers of Jesus Made a Place in Caesar’s Empire

  • Author: Douglas Ryan Boin
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1620403188
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 224
  • View: 4518
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The supposed collapse of Roman civilization is still lamented more than 1,500 years later-and intertwined with this idea is the notion that a fledgling religion, Christianity, went from a persecuted fringe movement to an irresistible force that toppled the empire. The "intolerant zeal†? of Christians, wrote Edward Gibbon, swept Rome's old gods away, and with them the structures that sustained Roman society. Not so, argues Douglas Boin. Such tales are simply untrue to history, and ignore the most important fact of all: life in Rome never came to a dramatic stop. Instead, as Boin shows, a small minority movement rose to transform society-politically, religiously, and culturally-but it was a gradual process, one that happened in fits and starts over centuries. Drawing upon a decade of recent studies in history and archaeology, and on his own research, Boin opens up a wholly new window onto a period we thought we knew. His work is the first to describe how Christians navigated the complex world of social identity in terms of "passing†? and "coming out.†? Many Christians lived in a dynamic middle ground. Their quiet success, as much as the clamor of martyrdom, was a powerful agent for change. With this insightful approach to the story of Christians in the Roman world, Douglas Boin rewrites, and rediscovers, the fascinating early history of a world faith.

Monastic Estates in Late Antique and Early Islamic Egypt

Monastic Estates in Late Antique and Early Islamic Egypt

Ostraca, Papyri, and Studies in Honour of Sarah Clackson

  • Author: Anne Bouvarel-Boud'hors
  • Publisher: Amer Society of Papyrologists
  • ISBN: 9780970059185
  • Category: Foreign Language Study
  • Page: 249
  • View: 790
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Scholars and colleagues of Sarah Clackson honored her memory through a two-day symposium, "The Administration of Monastic Estates in Late Antique and Early Islamic Egypt," held at Christ Church, Oxford, 25-26 September 2004. This rich and varied volume presents the papers given at that symposium plus four additional ones. The foreword presents a complete bibliography for Sarah Clackson and an essay examining her formative role in Coptic Studies up to the time of her premature death. The contributions consist of editions of previously unpublished ostraca and papyri, or of revised and expanded editions of previously published items (O.Clackson 1-34 and P.Clackson 35-50), and nine essays addressing socio-economic and religious issues that impacted the monastic communities of Egypt during Late Antiquity and the Early Islamic period. The volume concludes with the requisite indices: for the ostraca and papyri, indices nominum, rerum, et verborum, and a general index of topics for the commentaries on documents and the essays. Black-and-white images are provided for the ostraca and papyri.

From Jesus to Christ

From Jesus to Christ

The Origins of the New Testament Images of Jesus

  • Author: Paula Fredriksen
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300164106
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3530
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Tombs for the Living

Tombs for the Living

Monastic Reuse of Monumental Funerary Architecture in Late Antique Egypt

  • Author: Elisabeth R. O'Connell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 908
  • View: 9210
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The Search for Cleopatra

The Search for Cleopatra

  • Author: Michael Foss
  • Publisher: Arcade Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781559705035
  • Category: History
  • Page: 208
  • View: 5463
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Traces the life of the Egyptian queen of the first century B.C., and explores her influence on the events of her time