Search Results for "elementary-climate-physics"

Elementary Climate Physics

Elementary Climate Physics

  • Author: F. W. Taylor
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 9780198567349
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 1443
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Climate Physics involves understanding the structure and behaviour of the atmosphere and ocean, the principles of global measurement systems using remote sensing from space, and the elements of computer models, which make quantitative studies and predictions possible. This introductory course aims to clarify the basic mechanisms controlling climate, to apply relatively simple physics to the problem of climate change, and to provide a foundation for more advanced work.

An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics

An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics

  • Author: David G. Andrews
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316102092
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3136
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A quantitative introduction to the Earth's atmosphere for intermediate-advanced undergraduate and graduate students, with an emphasis on underlying physical principles. This edition has been brought completely up-to-date, and now includes a new chapter on the physics of climate change which builds upon material introduced in earlier chapters, giving the student a broad understanding of some of the physical concepts underlying this most important and topical subject. In contrast to many other books on atmospheric science, the emphasis is on the underlying physics. Atmospheric applications are developed mainly in the problems given at the end of each chapter. The book is an essential resource for all students of atmospheric physics as part of an atmospheric science, meteorology, physics, Earth science, planetary science, or applied mathematics course.

Planetary Atmospheres

Planetary Atmospheres

  • Author: F.W. Taylor
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0199547424
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 7044
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This book covers the basic physics of planetary atmospheres, providing an overview, followed by detailed discussion of key topics arranged by physical phenomenon. The emphasis is on acquiring and interpreting measurements, and the basic physics of instruments and models, with key definitions and historical notes given in the footnotes and glossary.

Atmospheric Thermodynamics

Atmospheric Thermodynamics

Elementary Physics and Chemistry

  • Author: Gerald R. North,Tatiana L. Erukhimova
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 052189963X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 267
  • View: 3024
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Textbook that uniquely integrates physics and chemistry in the study of atmospheric thermodynamics for advanced single-semester courses.

Physics of Radiation and Climate

Physics of Radiation and Climate

  • Author: Michael A. Box,Gail P. Box
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 146657206X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 495
  • View: 2297
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Our current climate is strongly influenced by atmospheric composition, and changes in this composition are leading to climate change. Physics of Radiation and Climate takes a look at how the outward flow of longwave or terrestrial radiation is affected by the complexities of the atmosphere’s molecular spectroscopy. This book examines the planet in its current state and considers the radiation fluxes, including multiple scattering, photochemistry, and the ozone layer, and their impact on our climate overall. Starting from the physical fundamentals of how electromagnetic radiation interacts with the various components of the Earth’s atmosphere, the book covers the essential radiation physics leading to the radiative transfer equation. The book then develops the central physics of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and gases and particles: absorption, emission, and scattering. It examines the physics that describes the absorption and emission of radiation, using quantum mechanics, and scattering, using electromagnetism. It also dedicates a detailed chapter to aerosols, now recognized as a key factor of climate change. Written to be used for a first course in climate physics or a physics elective, the text contains case studies, sample problems, and an extensive reference list as a guide for further research. In addition, the authors: Provide a complete derivation of molecular spectroscopy from quantum mechanical first principles Present a formal derivation of the scattering of radiation by molecules and particles Include the latest results from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5) Physics of Radiation and Climate shows how radiation measurements are used to aid our understanding of weather and climate change and provides an introduction to the atmosphere. This book covers the key branches of physics with a specific focus on thermodynamics, electromagnetism, and quantum mechanics.

Physics of Climate

Physics of Climate

  • Author: José Pinto Peixoto
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0883187124
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 520
  • View: 9440
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Peixoto and Oort have laid together their course notes with articles on observed angular momentum, water, and energy cycles in the atmosphere and oceans to give a broad perspective on the climate system.

Physics and the Environment

Physics and the Environment

  • Author: Kyle Forinash
  • Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • ISBN: 1681744937
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 236
  • View: 3319
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Physics and the Environment directly connects the physical world to environmental issues that the world is facing today and will face in the future. It shows how the first and second laws of thermodynamics limit the efficiencies of fossil fuel energy conversions to less than 100%, while also discussing how clever technologies can enhance overall performance. It also extensively discusses renewable forms of energy, their physical constraints and how we must use science and engineering as tools to solve problems instead of opinion and politics. Dr. Kyle Forinash takes you on a journey of understanding our mature and well developed technologies for using fossil fuel resources and how we are unlikely to see huge gains in their efficiency as well as why their role in climate change ought to be an argument for their replacement sooner rather than later. He also discusses the newest technologies in employing renewable resources and how it is important to understand their physical constrains in order to make a smooth transition to them. An entire chapter is dedicated to energy storage, a core question in renewable energy as well as another chapter on the technical issues of nuclear energy. The book ends with a discussion on how no environmental solution, no matter how clever from a technical aspect, will succeed if there are cheaper alternative, even if those alternatives have undesirable features associated with them.

What Light Through Yonder Window Breaks?

What Light Through Yonder Window Breaks?

More Experiments in Atmospheric Physics

  • Author: Craig F. Bohren
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486151964
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 5057
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Abounding in lively writing and fun-filled, easy-to-perform experiments, this illustrated volume makes the fascinating world of atmospheric physics accessible to readers without a scientific background. 1991 edition.

Physical Principles of Meteorology and Environmental Physics

Physical Principles of Meteorology and Environmental Physics

Global, Synoptic and Micro Scales

  • Author: David Blake,Robert Robson
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9812813845
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 261
  • View: 8937
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This book starts with the big picture, relating Einstein's famous mass-energy formula E = mc2 to the global climate; and then proceeds to examine the structure and dynamics of the atmosphere, from the synoptic scale through to the microscale, including the interaction of living things with their environment. It covers a range of topics from the laboratory to the field, including the analysis of thermodynamic diagrams and dispersion of pollutants, simple micrometeorological experiments on a sports field, as well as a detailed study on the measurement of carbon dioxide exchange between the atmosphere and tropical rainforests.Straightforward, simple models and short arguments are used wherever possible to promote physical understanding, for example, in the discussion of the greenhouse effect. The aim is to bring the reader to the point where he or she is able to understand and analyze weather charts in daily use around the world; obtain an appreciation of current experimental techniques; and also make informed, quantitative estimates in relation to current issues surrounding the current debate on climate change.

Radiation and Climate

Radiation and Climate

  • Author: Ilias Vardavas,Frederic Taylor,F. W. Taylor
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199227470
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 492
  • View: 5216
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This new book describes the basic physics of solar and infrared radiation in the atmosphere. Radiation theory is related to the development of climate prediction models, and to measurement techniques for monitoring the Earth's energy budget and making remote sensing observations from satellites.

Atmospheric Radiation

Atmospheric Radiation

A Primer with Illustrative Solutions

  • Author: James A. Coakley Jr.,Ping Yang
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527681469
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2332
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A first-look at radiative transfer in planetary atmospheres with a particular focus on the Earth's atmosphere and climate. The textbook covers the basics of the radiative transfer of sunlight, treating absorption and scattering, and the transfer of the thermal infrared appropriate for local thermodynamic equilibrium, absorption and emission. The examples included show how the solutions of the radiative transfer equation are used in remote sensing to probe the thermal structure and composition of planetary atmospheres. This motivates students by leading them to a better understanding of and appreciation for the computer-generated numerical results. Aimed at upper-division undergraduates and beginning graduate students in physics and atmospheric sciences, the book is designed to cover the essence of the material in a 10-week course, while the material in the optional sections will facilitate its use at the more leisurely pace and in-depth focus of a semester course.

Atmospheric Thermodynamics

Atmospheric Thermodynamics

Elementary Physics and Chemistry

  • Author: Gerald R. North,Tatiana L. Erukhimova
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 052189963X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 267
  • View: 5014
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Textbook that uniquely integrates physics and chemistry in the study of atmospheric thermodynamics for advanced single-semester courses.

Climate Change and Climate Modeling

Climate Change and Climate Modeling

  • Author: J. David Neelin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139491377
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1671
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Provides students with a solid foundation in climate science, with which to understand global warming, natural climate variations, and climate models. As climate models are one of our primary tools for predicting and adapting to climate change, it is vital we appreciate their strengths and limitations. Also key is understanding what aspects of climate science are well understood and where quantitative uncertainties arise. This textbook will inform the future users of climate models and the decision-makers of tomorrow by providing the depth they need, while requiring no background in atmospheric science and only basic calculus and physics. Developed from a course that the author teaches at UCLA, material has been extensively class-tested and with online resources of colour figures, Powerpoint slides, and problem sets, this is a complete package for students across all sciences wishing to gain a solid grounding in climate science.

Physics and Chemistry of Clouds

Physics and Chemistry of Clouds

  • Author: Dennis Lamb,Johannes Verlinde
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139500945
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2546
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Clouds affect our daily weather and play key roles in the global climate. Through their ability to precipitate, clouds provide virtually all of the fresh water on Earth and are a crucial link in the hydrologic cycle. With ever-increasing importance being placed on quantifiable predictions – from forecasting the local weather to anticipating climate change – we must understand how clouds operate in the real atmosphere, where interactions with natural and anthropogenic pollutants are common. This textbook provides students – whether seasoned or new to the atmospheric sciences – with a quantitative yet approachable path to learning the inner workings of clouds. Developed over many years of the authors' teaching at Pennsylvania State University, Physics and Chemistry of Clouds is an invaluable textbook for advanced students in atmospheric science, meteorology, environmental sciences/engineering and atmospheric chemistry. It is also a very useful reference text for researchers and professionals.

Atmospheric Physics

Atmospheric Physics

  • Author: Julio V. Iribarne,H.-R. Cho
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400989520
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 6017
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The extraordinary growth and development of atmospheric sciences during the last dec ades, and the concern for certain applied problems, such as those related to the environ ment, have prompted the introduction of college and university courses in this field. There is consequently a need for good textbooks. A few appropriate books have appeared in the last few years, aimed at a variety of levels and having different orientations. Most of them are of rather limited scope; in par ticular, a number of them are restricted to the field of dynamics and its meteorological applications. There is still a need for an elementary, yet comprehensive, survey of the terrestrial atmosphere. This short volume attempts to fill that need. This book is intended as a textbook that can be used for a university course at a second or third year level. It requires only elementary mathematics and such knowledge of physics as should be acquired in most first-year general physicS courses. It may serve in two ways. A general review of the field is provided for students who work or plan to work in other fields (such as geophysics, geography, environmental sciences, space research), but are interested in acquiring general information; at the same time, it may serve as a general and elementary introduction for students who will later specialize in some area of atmospheric science.

Energy Balance Climate Models

Energy Balance Climate Models

  • Author: Gerald R. North,Kwang-Yul Kim
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527411321
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 392
  • View: 4707
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Written by renowned experts in the field, this first book to focus exclusively on energy balance climate models provides a concise overview of the topic. It covers all major aspects, from the simplest zero-dimensional models, proceeding to horizontally and vertically resolved models. The text begins with global average models, which are explored in terms of their elementary forms yielding the global average temperature, right up to the incorporation of feedback mechanisms and some analytical properties of interest. The effect of stochastic forcing is then used to introduce natural variability in the models before turning to the concept of stability theory. Other one dimensional or zonally averaged models are subsequently presented, along with various applications, including chapters on paleoclimatology, the inception of continental glaciations, detection of signals in the climate system, and optimal estimation of large scale quantities from point scale data. Throughout the book, the authors work on two mathematical levels: qualitative physical expositions of the subject material plus optional mathematical sections that include derivations and treatments of the equations along with some proofs of stability theorems. A must-have introduction for policy makers, environmental agencies, and NGOs, as well as climatologists, molecular physicists, and meteorologists.

Principles of Planetary Climate

Principles of Planetary Climate

  • Author: Raymond T. Pierrehumbert
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139495062
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6669
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This book introduces the reader to all the basic physical building blocks of climate needed to understand the present and past climate of Earth, the climates of Solar System planets, and the climates of extrasolar planets. These building blocks include thermodynamics, infrared radiative transfer, scattering, surface heat transfer and various processes governing the evolution of atmospheric composition. Nearly four hundred problems are supplied to help consolidate the reader's understanding, and to lead the reader towards original research on planetary climate. This textbook is invaluable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in atmospheric science, Earth and planetary science, astrobiology, and physics. It also provides a superb reference text for researchers in these subjects, and is very suitable for academic researchers trained in physics or chemistry who wish to rapidly gain enough background to participate in the excitement of the new research opportunities opening in planetary climate.

Energy Science

Energy Science

Principles, Technologies, and Impacts

  • Author: John Andrews,Nick Jelley,Nicholas Alfred Jelley
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199592373
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 412
  • View: 4853
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Energy Science: Principles, Technologies, and Impacts enables the reader to evaluate the key sources of energy available to us today on the basis of sound, quantitative understanding. Covering renewable, fossil fuel, and nuclear energy sources, the book relates the science behind these sources to the environmental and socioeconomic issues which surround their use to provide a balanced, objective overview. It also explores the practicalities of energy generation, storage, and transmission, to build a complete picture of energy supply, from wind turbines, nuclear reactors, or hydroelectric dams, to our homes.

Atmospheric Science

Atmospheric Science

An Introductory Survey

  • Author: John M. Wallace,Peter V. Hobbs
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080499536
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 504
  • View: 8351
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Atmospheric Science, Second Edition, is the long-awaited update of the classic atmospheric science text, which helped define the field nearly 30 years ago and has served as the cornerstone for most university curricula. Now students and professionals alike can use this updated classic to understand atmospheric phenomena in the context of the latest discoveries, and prepare themselves for more advanced study and real-life problem solving. This latest edition of Atmospheric Science, has been revamped in terms of content and appearance. It contains new chapters on atmospheric chemistry, the Earth system, the atmospheric boundary layer, and climate, as well as enhanced treatment of atmospheric dynamics, radiative transfer, severe storms, and global warming. The authors illustrate concepts with full-color, state-of-the-art imagery and cover a vast amount of new information in the field. Extensive numerical and qualitative exercises help students apply basic physical principles to atmospheric problems. There are also biographical footnotes summarizing the work of key scientists, along with a student companion website that hosts climate data; answers to quantitative exercises; full solutions to selected exercises; skew-T log p chart; related links, appendices; and more. The instructor website features: instructor’s guide; solutions to quantitative exercises; electronic figures from the book; plus supplementary images for use in classroom presentations. Meteorology students at both advanced undergraduate and graduate levels will find this book extremely useful. Full-color satellite imagery and cloud photographs illustrate principles throughout Extensive numerical and qualitative exercises emphasize the application of basic physical principles to problems in the atmospheric sciences Biographical footnotes summarize the lives and work of scientists mentioned in the text, and provide students with a sense of the long history of meteorology Companion website encourages more advanced exploration of text topics: supplementary information, images, and bonus exercises

Agricultural Physics

Agricultural Physics

The Commonwealth International Library: Physics Division

  • Author: C. W. Rose
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 1483139255
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 248
  • View: 3100
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Agricultural Physics discusses agricultural problems, some aspects of the environment, and water relations of plants from a physical point of view. This book provides particular attention to clarifying fundamental concepts and processes, such as the concept of the total potential of water and its components, which is of basic importance in understanding water movement in soil, plant, or atmosphere. Subject matters covered in this text are limited to topics to which physics has made a significant contribution, for instance, the experimental aspects of crop water use. This text is divided into eight chapters. Chapters 1 to 3 focus solely on the physical environment of agriculture, providing a background of the literature on the micrometeorology of crops and single plants. Some physical aspects of soils are elaborated in Chapters 4 and 6, while attributes of crop water use are covered in Chapters 5, 7, and 8. This publication is a good source for agriculturists, physiologists, and researchers conducting work on aspects of soils and plant water relations.