Search Results for "environmental-problems-of-central-asia-and-their-economic-social-and-security-impacts"

Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts

Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts

  • Author: Jiaguo Qi,Kyle T. Evered
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402089600
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 3378
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Over the last 60 years, we have recognized increasingly that our world is connected, and the impacts of environmental catastrophes and economic crises in one region of our world have far-reaching and long-lasting consequences globally. Central Asia is a developing region with great potential, but there are valid concerns that current resource management practices are not sustainable, particularly with regard to the management of water resources. Recent changes in social structures, accompanied by regional climate change, have caused substantial environmental changes leading to security concerns in the region. As a result, the local economy has been significantly impacted to the extent that the potential for social unrest is of great concern. This book explores new technologies and adaptation strategies to mitigate these environmental problems and cope with continued environmental change with the ultimate goal of promoting sustainable growth and improved quality of life in the region.

Dryland East Asia: Land Dynamics amid Social and Climate Change

Dryland East Asia: Land Dynamics amid Social and Climate Change

  • Author: Jiquan Chen,Shiqiang Wan,Geoffrey Henebry,Jiaguo Qi,Garik Gutman,Ge Sun,Martin Kappas
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110287919
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 496
  • View: 7906
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Drylands in East Asia (DEA) are home to more than one billion people and vulnerable to natural and anthropogenic changes. In order to develop adaptation strategies one needs to know how ecosystems respond to these changes. The book provides state-of-the-art knowledge on drylands ecosystem dynamics, climate changes, and land use in DEA. With contributions from international experts, the book will be of interest both to researchers and students.

Environmental Crises in Central Asia

Environmental Crises in Central Asia

From steppes to seas, from deserts to glaciers

  • Author: Eric Freedman,Mark Neuzil
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131783609X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 196
  • View: 6578
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Environmental conditions do not exist in a vacuum. They are influenced by science, politics, history, public policy, culture, economics, public attitudes, and competing priorities, as well as past human decisions. In the case of Central Asia, such Soviet-era decisions include irrigation systems and physical infrastructure that are now crumbling, mine tailings that leach pollutants into soil and groundwater, and abandoned factories that are physically decrepit and contaminated with toxic chemicals. Environmental Crises in Central Asia highlights major environmental challenges confronting the region’s former Soviet republics: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. They include threats to the Caspian and Aral seas, the impact of climate change on glaciers, desertification, deforestation, destruction of habitat and biodiversity, radioactive and hazardous wastes, water quality and supply, energy exploration and development, pesticides and food security, and environmental health. The ramifications of these challenges cross national borders and may affect economic, political, and cultural relationships on a vast geographic scale. At the same time, the region’s five governments have demonstrated little resolve to address these complex challenges. This book is a valuable multi-disciplinary resource for academics, scholars, and policymakers in environmental sciences, geography, political science, natural resources, mass communications, public health, and economics.

Sustainable Land Management in Greater Central Asia

Sustainable Land Management in Greater Central Asia

An Integrated and Regional Perspective

  • Author: Victor R. Squires,Lu Qi
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317394046
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 310
  • View: 9672
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Greater Central Asia encompasses a vast area that includes deserts, natural grasslands, steppes, shrublands and alpine regions. Many of these land types are degraded and productivity is falling at a time when human populations and livestock inventories are on the rise. Ecosystem stability and biodiversity are under threat and there is an urgent need to develop more sustainable land management regimes. This book uses an integrated regional approach to provide a comprehensive exploration of sustainable land development in Central Asia. An interdisciplinary team of experts analyses the economic, ecological, sociological, technological and political factors surrounding sustainable land and water management in the region, sharing potential problems and solutions. As international concern about desertification grows, the book concludes by asking how the region is likely to develop in the future. This book will be of value to scholars, students, policy makers and NGOs with an interest in sustainable development in Central Asia.

Deutsche Nationalbibliographie und Bibliographie der im Ausland erschienenen deutschsprachigen Veröffentlichungen

Deutsche Nationalbibliographie und Bibliographie der im Ausland erschienenen deutschsprachigen Veröffentlichungen

Monographien und Periodika--Halbjahresverzeichnis. Reihe D

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: German literature
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3920
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Forests and Climate Change in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Forests and Climate Change in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Climate change mitigation
  • Page: 189
  • View: 5640
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Rural, Environment, and Social Development Strategies for the Europe and Central Asia Region

Rural, Environment, and Social Development Strategies for the Europe and Central Asia Region

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821348086
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 47
  • View: 4397
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This report proposes a World Bank strategy for assisting the rural, environmental, and social development of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It has been produced for a general audience partly for consultation purposes, and is therefore a work in progress. Each of the three areas of development is examined in separate chapters, and each summarises the World Bank assistance strategy in that area. The conclusion is that the challenge posed by the objectives of this report are far beyond the World Bank's abilities to achieve on its own.

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The "Cyprus Problem"

  • Author: Emily Hannah Licht
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 248
  • View: 8590
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OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2030

OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2030

  • Author: OECD
  • Publisher: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9264043322
  • Category:
  • Page: 522
  • View: 1653
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Der OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2030 liefert Analysen ökonomischer und ökologischer Trends bis 2030 sowie Simulationen politischer Maßnahmen zur Bewältigung der wichtigsten Herausforderungen.

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

  • Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3663014347
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 443
  • View: 6596
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Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

Central Asian Security

Central Asian Security

The New International Context

  • Author: Roy Allison,Lena Jonson
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 9780815798538
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 9731
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This volume is the first comprehensive scholarly analysis of the strategic reconfiguration of Central Asia as Russia has become more disengaged from the nations in the region and as these nations have developed new relations to the south, east, and west. The international implications are enormous because of the rich energy sources—oil and natural gas—located in the Caspian Sea area. The authors assess a variety of internal security policy challenges confronting these states—for example, the potential for conflict arising from such factors as a mixed ethnic population, resource scarcity, particularly in relation to water management, and an Islamic revival. They also examine the security policy content of relations between the Central Asian states and regional and international powers—specifically the stakes, interests, and policies of Russia, China, Iran, Turkey, and the United States. These internal challenges and the evolution of relations with external powers may result in new cooperative relationships, but they may also lead to destabilizing rivalry and interstate enmity in Central Asia. It is important to identify new patterns of relevance for future security cooperation in the region, but the potential for a new security system or for new institutions to manage security in the region remains uncertain. These issues are explored by a team of prominent specialists from Western Europe, the United States, Russia and China.

Climate in Asia and the Pacific

Climate in Asia and the Pacific

Security, Society and Sustainability

  • Author: Michael Manton,Linda Anne Stevenson
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400773382
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 317
  • View: 9542
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Commissioned by the Intergovernmental Meeting (IGM) of the Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN), this book offers a detailed survey of the current status of climate change and climate variability in the Asia-Pacific region, a thorough and thoughtful assessment of climate and security and clear recommendations on the best paths of climate research in the future.

UNEP 2004 Annual Report

UNEP 2004 Annual Report

  • Author: United Nations Environment Programme
  • Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint
  • ISBN: 9280725459
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 48
  • View: 4643
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This report details the goals and activities of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to promote global sustainable development and environmental issues during 2004, as well as providing information on the organisation's funding, structure, personnel and offices around the world. Topics covered include: the response to the Asian tsunami emergency; women, health and the environment; sustainable business and industry; international environmental governance; combating climate change; freshwater and sanitation; sustainable land use; and conserving biodiversity.

Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union

Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union

  • Author: Julian Agyeman,Yelena Ogneva-Himmelberger
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262512335
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 7474
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An examination of the awareness of environmental and social justice issues in the former Soviet republics--from the Western-style democracies of the Baltic region to the totalitarian regimes of Central Asia--and the resulting activism in those states. The legacy of environmental catastrophe in the states of the former Soviet Union includes desertification, pollution, and the toxic aftermath of industrial accidents, the most notorious of which was the Chernobyl disaster of 1986. This book examines the development of environmental activism in Russia and the former Soviet republics in response to these problems and its effect on policy and planning. It also shows that because of increasing economic, ethnic, and social inequality in the former Soviet states, debates over environmental justice are beginning to come to the fore. The book explores the varying environmental, social, political, and economic circumstances of these countries--which range from the Western-style democracies of the Baltic states to the totalitarian regimes of Central Asia--and how they affect the ecological, environmental, and public health. Among the topics covered are environmentalism in Russia (including the progressive nature of its laws on environmental protection, which are undermined by overburdened and underpaid law enforcement); the effect of oil wealth on Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan; the role of nationalism in Latvian environmentalism; the struggle of Russia's indigenous peoples for environmental justice; public participation in Estonia's environmental movement; and lack of access to natural capital in Tajikistan. Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union makes clear that although fragile transition economies, varying degrees of democratization, and a focus on national security can stymie progress toward "just sustainability," the diverse states of the former Soviet Union are making some progress toward "green" and environmental justice issues separately.

Laudato si

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

  • Author: Franziskus (Papst),
  • Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
  • ISBN: 345180736X
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 288
  • View: 9305
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Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.

Report of the Expert Consultation on the Assessment of Socio-economic Impacts of Aquaculture

Report of the Expert Consultation on the Assessment of Socio-economic Impacts of Aquaculture

Ankara, Turkey, 4-8 February 2008

  • Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
  • ISBN: 9789251060414
  • Category: Aquaculture
  • Page: 53
  • View: 8988
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The Expert Consultation on the Assessment of Socio-economic Impacts of Aquaculture was held in Ankara, Turkey, from 4 to 8 February 2008. It identified the many positive and negative impacts of aquaculture with their far-reaching socio economic implications. While they agreed that multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) framework using analytical hierarchy process (AHP) as a measurement technique is a suitable method for assessing socio-economic impacts of aquaculture, experts recognized that other methods such as the costs benefits analysis (CBA) could also be used depending on circumstances. They recommended that case studies be carried out in a certain number of developed and developing countries on assessing the socio-economic impacts of aquaculture using AHP, CBA and another technique in order to test and compare the applicability and results of these methods. They also suggested developing a user guide on the implementation of these methods and build capacity in developing countries in using them, and identified other needs for future work in socio-economics of aquaculture.

OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2050 Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2050 Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

  • Author: OECD
  • Publisher: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9264172866
  • Category:
  • Page: 400
  • View: 8324
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Wie werden wirtschaftliche und soziale Entwicklungen die Umwelt bis 2050 beeinflussen? Welche Maßnahmen sind nötig, um den wichtigsten ökologischen Herausforderungen zu begegnen, und mit welchen Konsequenzen müssen wir im Falle von politischer Untätigkeit rechnen? Der Umweltausblick liefert Analysen ökonomischer und ökologischer Trends. Im Zentrum der Projektionen stehen vier Bereiche, anhand derer sich die Zukunft unseres Planeten entscheiden wird: Klimawandel, Artenvielfalt, Wasser sowie Umwelt und Gesundheit.

The Risks and Macroeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa

The Risks and Macroeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa

Why Waiting to Intervene Can be Costly

  • Author: David A. Robalino,Carol Jenkins,Karim El Maroufi
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: AIDS (Disease)
  • Page: 34
  • View: 2719
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Ruling, Resources and Religion in China

Ruling, Resources and Religion in China

Managing the Multiethnic State in the 21st Century

  • Author: Elizabeth Van Wie Davis
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137033843
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 196
  • View: 9956
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China is growing in importance to the economies and governments of the world, and it has been run by men with very different ideas. How China copes with the pressures for good governance with the Asian economic model, treats its ethnic minorities under scrutiny, and gathers resources to fuel its dynamic economy, impacts us all.