Search Results for "environmental-problems-of-central-asia-and-their-economic-social-and-security-impacts"

Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts

Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts

  • Author: Jiaguo Qi,Kyle T. Evered
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402089600
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 7363
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Over the last 60 years, we have recognized increasingly that our world is connected, and the impacts of environmental catastrophes and economic crises in one region of our world have far-reaching and long-lasting consequences globally. Central Asia is a developing region with great potential, but there are valid concerns that current resource management practices are not sustainable, particularly with regard to the management of water resources. Recent changes in social structures, accompanied by regional climate change, have caused substantial environmental changes leading to security concerns in the region. As a result, the local economy has been significantly impacted to the extent that the potential for social unrest is of great concern. This book explores new technologies and adaptation strategies to mitigate these environmental problems and cope with continued environmental change with the ultimate goal of promoting sustainable growth and improved quality of life in the region.

Dryland East Asia: Land Dynamics amid Social and Climate Change

Dryland East Asia: Land Dynamics amid Social and Climate Change

  • Author: Jiquan Chen,Shiqiang Wan,Geoffrey Henebry,Jiaguo Qi,Garik Gutman,Ge Sun,Martin Kappas
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110287919
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 496
  • View: 3599
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Drylands in East Asia (DEA) are home to more than one billion people and vulnerable to natural and anthropogenic changes. In order to develop adaptation strategies one needs to know how ecosystems respond to these changes. The book provides state-of-the-art knowledge on drylands ecosystem dynamics, climate changes, and land use in DEA. With contributions from international experts, the book will be of interest both to researchers and students.

Cotton, Water, Salts and Soums

Cotton, Water, Salts and Soums

Economic and Ecological Restructuring in Khorezm, Uzbekistan

  • Author: Christopher Martius,Inna Rudenko,John P.A. Lamers,P.L.G. Vlek
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789400719637
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 419
  • View: 4435
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This book summarizes a long-term research project addressing land and water use in the irrigated areas of the Aral Sea basin. In an interdisciplinary approach, natural and human sciences are combined to elucidate the challenges of economic transition that affect the use of land, water and biological resources, ecological sustainability, economic efficiency and the livelihoods of the local population. The research focuses on Khorezm, a region in Uzbekistan, located on the Amudarya river, in the heart of Central Asia. A series of chapters describes the biophysical environment and the aspects of society and institutions that shape land and water use. The book discusses options and tools to improve land and water management, and to reform the economic system management, based on agronomic, hydrological, economic ans social studies and modeling. The insights are not only important for Uzbekistan, but for all countries in transitions and irrigated dryland areas elsewhere.

Sustainable Land Management in Greater Central Asia

Sustainable Land Management in Greater Central Asia

An Integrated and Regional Perspective

  • Author: Victor R. Squires,Lu Qi
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317394046
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 310
  • View: 382
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Greater Central Asia encompasses a vast area that includes deserts, natural grasslands, steppes, shrublands and alpine regions. Many of these land types are degraded and productivity is falling at a time when human populations and livestock inventories are on the rise. Ecosystem stability and biodiversity are under threat and there is an urgent need to develop more sustainable land management regimes. This book uses an integrated regional approach to provide a comprehensive exploration of sustainable land development in Central Asia. An interdisciplinary team of experts analyses the economic, ecological, sociological, technological and political factors surrounding sustainable land and water management in the region, sharing potential problems and solutions. As international concern about desertification grows, the book concludes by asking how the region is likely to develop in the future. This book will be of value to scholars, students, policy makers and NGOs with an interest in sustainable development in Central Asia.

Environmental Crises in Central Asia

Environmental Crises in Central Asia

From steppes to seas, from deserts to glaciers

  • Author: Eric Freedman,Mark Neuzil
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131783609X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 196
  • View: 7267
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Environmental conditions do not exist in a vacuum. They are influenced by science, politics, history, public policy, culture, economics, public attitudes, and competing priorities, as well as past human decisions. In the case of Central Asia, such Soviet-era decisions include irrigation systems and physical infrastructure that are now crumbling, mine tailings that leach pollutants into soil and groundwater, and abandoned factories that are physically decrepit and contaminated with toxic chemicals. Environmental Crises in Central Asia highlights major environmental challenges confronting the region’s former Soviet republics: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. They include threats to the Caspian and Aral seas, the impact of climate change on glaciers, desertification, deforestation, destruction of habitat and biodiversity, radioactive and hazardous wastes, water quality and supply, energy exploration and development, pesticides and food security, and environmental health. The ramifications of these challenges cross national borders and may affect economic, political, and cultural relationships on a vast geographic scale. At the same time, the region’s five governments have demonstrated little resolve to address these complex challenges. This book is a valuable multi-disciplinary resource for academics, scholars, and policymakers in environmental sciences, geography, political science, natural resources, mass communications, public health, and economics.

Unsere gemeinsame Zukunft

Unsere gemeinsame Zukunft

Bericht der Weltkommission für Umwelt und Entwicklung

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 348
  • View: 7701
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Rural, Environment, and Social Development Strategies for the Europe and Central Asia Region

Rural, Environment, and Social Development Strategies for the Europe and Central Asia Region

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821348086
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 47
  • View: 1905
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This report proposes a World Bank strategy for assisting the rural, environmental, and social development of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It has been produced for a general audience partly for consultation purposes, and is therefore a work in progress. Each of the three areas of development is examined in separate chapters, and each summarises the World Bank assistance strategy in that area. The conclusion is that the challenge posed by the objectives of this report are far beyond the World Bank's abilities to achieve on its own.

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

  • Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3663014347
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 443
  • View: 9546
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Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

Climate in Asia and the Pacific

Climate in Asia and the Pacific

Security, Society and Sustainability

  • Author: Michael Manton,Linda Anne Stevenson
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400773382
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 317
  • View: 2901
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Commissioned by the Intergovernmental Meeting (IGM) of the Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN), this book offers a detailed survey of the current status of climate change and climate variability in the Asia-Pacific region, a thorough and thoughtful assessment of climate and security and clear recommendations on the best paths of climate research in the future.

UNEP 2004 Annual Report

UNEP 2004 Annual Report

  • Author: United Nations Environment Programme
  • Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint
  • ISBN: 9280725459
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 48
  • View: 1201
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This report details the goals and activities of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to promote global sustainable development and environmental issues during 2004, as well as providing information on the organisation's funding, structure, personnel and offices around the world. Topics covered include: the response to the Asian tsunami emergency; women, health and the environment; sustainable business and industry; international environmental governance; combating climate change; freshwater and sanitation; sustainable land use; and conserving biodiversity.

Social Assessments for Better Development

Social Assessments for Better Development

Case Studies in Russia and Central Asia

  • Author: Michael M. Cernea,Ay?e Kudat
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821339060
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 207
  • View: 9240
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This annual report lists and describes the World Bank Group's portfolio of projects designed to improve or protect the environment, all of which were under implementation during fiscal year 1996 (July 1, 1995 to June 30, 1996). The first part of the report discusses significant environmental issues for each sector and region and describes the environmental activities of various parts of the World Bank Group. Boxes, tables, and figures supplement the narrative. A useful bibliography of World Bank publications on environmental topics closes the section. The second part consists of reports on environmentally targeted projects; World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC) projects that required a full environmental assessment because of their potential impacts; investment operations supporting projects launched by the Global Environment Facility; and projects designed to help developing countries comply with the Montreal Protocol--a multilateral treaty that controls the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substance.

Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union

Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union

  • Author: Julian Agyeman,Yelena Ogneva-Himmelberger
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262512335
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 3419
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An examination of the awareness of environmental and social justice issues in the former Soviet republics--from the Western-style democracies of the Baltic region to the totalitarian regimes of Central Asia--and the resulting activism in those states. The legacy of environmental catastrophe in the states of the former Soviet Union includes desertification, pollution, and the toxic aftermath of industrial accidents, the most notorious of which was the Chernobyl disaster of 1986. This book examines the development of environmental activism in Russia and the former Soviet republics in response to these problems and its effect on policy and planning. It also shows that because of increasing economic, ethnic, and social inequality in the former Soviet states, debates over environmental justice are beginning to come to the fore. The book explores the varying environmental, social, political, and economic circumstances of these countries--which range from the Western-style democracies of the Baltic states to the totalitarian regimes of Central Asia--and how they affect the ecological, environmental, and public health. Among the topics covered are environmentalism in Russia (including the progressive nature of its laws on environmental protection, which are undermined by overburdened and underpaid law enforcement); the effect of oil wealth on Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan; the role of nationalism in Latvian environmentalism; the struggle of Russia's indigenous peoples for environmental justice; public participation in Estonia's environmental movement; and lack of access to natural capital in Tajikistan. Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union makes clear that although fragile transition economies, varying degrees of democratization, and a focus on national security can stymie progress toward "just sustainability," the diverse states of the former Soviet Union are making some progress toward "green" and environmental justice issues separately.

Report of the Expert Consultation on the Assessment of Socio-economic Impacts of Aquaculture

Report of the Expert Consultation on the Assessment of Socio-economic Impacts of Aquaculture

Ankara, Turkey, 4-8 February 2008

  • Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
  • ISBN: 9789251060414
  • Category: Aquaculture
  • Page: 53
  • View: 3371
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The Expert Consultation on the Assessment of Socio-economic Impacts of Aquaculture was held in Ankara, Turkey, from 4 to 8 February 2008. It identified the many positive and negative impacts of aquaculture with their far-reaching socio economic implications. While they agreed that multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) framework using analytical hierarchy process (AHP) as a measurement technique is a suitable method for assessing socio-economic impacts of aquaculture, experts recognized that other methods such as the costs benefits analysis (CBA) could also be used depending on circumstances. They recommended that case studies be carried out in a certain number of developed and developing countries on assessing the socio-economic impacts of aquaculture using AHP, CBA and another technique in order to test and compare the applicability and results of these methods. They also suggested developing a user guide on the implementation of these methods and build capacity in developing countries in using them, and identified other needs for future work in socio-economics of aquaculture.

The Risks and Macroeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa

The Risks and Macroeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa

Why Waiting to Intervene Can be Costly

  • Author: David A. Robalino,Carol Jenkins,Karim El Maroufi
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: AIDS (Disease)
  • Page: 34
  • View: 1997
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Environmental Security and Environmental Management: The Role of Risk Assessment

Environmental Security and Environmental Management: The Role of Risk Assessment

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workhop on The Role of Risk Assessment in Environmental Security and Emergency Preparedness in the Mediterranean Region, Held in Eilat, Israel, April 15-18, 2004

  • Author: Benoit Morel,Igor Linkov
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402038914
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 325
  • View: 9927
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Addresses unique and emerging areas, and provides quantitative tools for addressing environmental security. Advances application and science of risk assessment and field and application of multi criteria decision analysis.

Ruling, Resources and Religion in China

Ruling, Resources and Religion in China

Managing the Multiethnic State in the 21st Century

  • Author: Elizabeth Van Wie Davis
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137033843
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 196
  • View: 4210
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China is growing in importance to the economies and governments of the world, and it has been run by men with very different ideas. How China copes with the pressures for good governance with the Asian economic model, treats its ethnic minorities under scrutiny, and gathers resources to fuel its dynamic economy, impacts us all.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge

  • Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135963150
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 2050
  • View: 8797
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For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Regional Economic Outlook

Regional Economic Outlook

Middle East and Central Asia

  • Author: International Monetary Fund
  • Publisher: International Monetary Fund
  • ISBN: 9781589065963
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 120
  • View: 3376
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This paper presents the economic outlook for the Middle East and Central Asia for 2006-07. Economic performance in the Middle East and Central Asia region remains strong, despite security problems in some countries and recent asset price reversals. Growth in the region continues to outpace global growth and should average 6-7 percent in 2006 and 2007-similar to the rates of the past three years. Strong external inflows resulting from high oil and non-oil commodity prices, foreign investments, and remittances are fueling credit growth, and inflation continues to edge up.

Central Asia and the Rise of Normative Powers

Central Asia and the Rise of Normative Powers

Contextualizing the Security Governance of the European Union, China, and India

  • Author: Emilian Kavalski
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1441147535
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 1395
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This book offers a unique analytical investigation of the international politics of the EU, China, and India in the context of their security strategies in Central Asia. It shows how the interaction between these three actors is likely to change the frameworks and practices of international relations. This is studied through their interactions with central Asia, using the framework of normative powers and the concept of regional security governance. Briefly, a normative power shapes a target state’s attitudes and perceptions as it internalizes and adopts the perspectives of the normative power as the norm. The work comparatively studies the dynamics that have allowed Beijing, Brussels, and New Delhi to articulate security mechanisms in Central Asia, and become rising normative powers. This innovative study does not aim to catalog foreign policies, but to uncover the dominant perceptions, cognitive structures and practices that guide these actors’ regional agency, as exemplified through the context of Central Asia. It will be an essential resource for anyone studying international relations, international relations theory, and foreign policy analysis.

Asian Women for a Culture of Peace

Asian Women for a Culture of Peace

Report of the Regional Conference : Asian Women for a Culture of Peace, 6-9 December 2000, Hanoi

  • Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific,Unesco
  • Publisher: United Nations Publications
  • ISBN: 9789211200539
  • Category: Women and peace
  • Page: 135
  • View: 696
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The regional conference was held in Hanoi in December 2000, organised by the Vietnamese government in co-operation with UNESCO and the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). The main themes of the conference included: a gender perspective on peace-building and political decision-making; and identifying strategies to promote greater economic opportunities for women. This publication contains the report of the conference, the Hanoi Declaration and the Asian Women's Plan of Action for a Culture of Peace and Sustainable Development developed and adopted by the participants to the conference.