Search Results for "escape-from-violence-conflict-and-the-refugee-crisis-in-the-developing-world"

Escape from Violence

Escape from Violence

Conflict and the Refugee Crisis in the Developing World

  • Author: Aristide R. Zolberg,Astri Suhrke,Sergio Aguayo
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780195363623
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 398
  • View: 1805
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The magnitude of refugees movements in the Third World, widely perceived as an unprecedented crisis, has generated widespread concern in the West. This concern reveals itself as an ambiguous mixture of heartfelt compassion for the plight of the unfortunates cast adrift and a diffuse fear that they will come "pouring in." In this comprehensive study, the authors examine the refugee flows originating in Latin America, Africa, and Asia, and suggest how a better understanding of this phenomenon can be used by the international community to assist those in greatest need. Reviewing the history of refugee movements in the West, they show how their formation and the fate of endangered populations have also been shaped by the partisan objectives of receiving countries. They survey the kinds of social conflicts characteristic of different regions of the Third World and the ways refugees and refugee policy are made to serve broader political purposes.

Broad Is My Native Land

Broad Is My Native Land

Repertoires and Regimes of Migration in Russia’s Twentieth Century

  • Author: Lewis H. Siegelbaum,Leslie Page Moch
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801455138
  • Category: History
  • Page: 416
  • View: 1818
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Whether voluntary or coerced, hopeful or desperate, people moved in unprecedented numbers across Russia's vast territory during the twentieth century. Broad Is My Native Land is the first history of late imperial, Soviet, and post-Soviet Russia through the lens of migration. Lewis H. Siegelbaum and Leslie Page Moch tell the stories of Russians on the move, capturing the rich variety of their experiences by distinguishing among categories of migrants—settlers, seasonal workers, migrants to the city, career and military migrants, evacuees and refugees, deportees, and itinerants. So vast and diverse was Russian political space that in their journeys, migrants often crossed multiple cultural, linguistic, and administrative borders. By comparing the institutions and experiences of migration across the century and placing Russia in an international context, Siegelbaum and Moch have made a magisterial contribution to both the history of Russia and the study of global migration. The authors draw on three kinds of sources: letters to authorities (typically appeals for assistance); the myriad forms employed in communication about the provision of transportation, food, accommodation, and employment for migrants; and interviews with and memoirs by people who moved or were moved, often under the most harrowing of circumstances. Taken together, these sources reveal the complex relationship between the regimes of state control that sought to regulate internal movement and the tactical repertoires employed by the migrants themselves in their often successful attempts to manipulate, resist, and survive these official directives.

The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

  • Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191645885
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 800
  • View: 4613
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterize this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.

Refugees, Prisoners and Camps

Refugees, Prisoners and Camps

A Functional Analysis of the Phenomenon of Encampment

  • Author: B. Møller
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137502797
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 140
  • View: 8447
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What do refugee and concentration camps, prisons, terrorist and guerrilla training camps and prisoner of war camps have in common? Arguably they have all followed an 'outsides inside' model, enforcing a dichotomy between perceived 'desirable' and 'undesirable' characteristics. This separation is the subject of Møller's multidisciplinary study.

No Return, No Refuge

No Return, No Refuge

Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation

  • Author: Howard Adelman,Elazar Barkan
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231526903
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 4527
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Refugee displacement is a global phenomenon that has uprooted millions of individuals over the past century. In the 1980s, repatriation became the preferred option for resolving the refugee crisis. As human rights achieved global eminence, refugees' right of return fell under its umbrella. Yet return as a right and its practice as a rite created a radical disconnect between principle and everyday practice, and the repatriation of refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) remains elusive in cases of forced displacement of victims by ethnic conflict. Reviewing cases of ethnic displacement throughout the twentieth century in Europe, Asia, and Africa, Howard Adelman and Elazar Barkan juxtapose the empirical lack of repatriation in cases of ethnic conflict, unless accompanied by coercion. The emphasis on repatriation during the last several decades has obscured other options, leaving refugees to spend years warehoused in camps. Repatriation takes place when identity, defined by ethnicity or religion, is not at the center of the displacing conflict, or when the ethnic group to which the refugees belong are not a minority in their original country or in the region to which they want to return. Rather than perpetuate a ritual belief in return as a right without the prospect of realization, Adelman and Barkan call for solutions that bracket return as a primary focus in cases of ethnic conflict.

Key Concepts in Migration

Key Concepts in Migration

  • Author: David Bartram,Maritsa V Poros,Pierre Monforte
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1473905451
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 184
  • View: 1519
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"Demonstrates that the study of international migration has really come of age. From acculturation to undocumented immigration, the authors consider more than three dozen concepts at the heart of migration studies. Clearly written in a highly readable style, the book is a valuable resource for students and scholars alike." - Nancy Foner, City University of New York "This very useful and authoritative compendium explicates thirty-eight concepts central to analysis of international migration. It is accessible to undergraduate students and even can enrich graduate courses. It nicely complements books like The Age of Migration or Exceptional People. Concision is a virtue!" - Mark J. Miller, University of Delaware This book provides lucid and intuitive explanations of the most important migration concepts as used in classrooms, among policymakers, and in popular and academic discourse. Arguing that there is a clear need for a better public understanding of migration, it sets out to clarify the field by exploring relevant concepts in a direct and engaging way. Each concept: Includes an easy to understand definition Provides real-world examples Gives suggestions for further reading Is carefully cross-referenced to other related concepts It is an ideal resource for undergraduate and post-graduate students studying migration in sociology, politics, development and throughout the social sciences, as well as scholars in the field and practitioners in governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Protracted Refugee Situations

Protracted Refugee Situations

Domestic and International Security Implications

  • Author: Gil Loescher,James Milner
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136622306
  • Category: History
  • Page: 96
  • View: 4177
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Protracted refugee populations not only constitute over 70% of the world's refugees but are also a principal source of many of the irregular movements of people around the world today. The long-term presence of refugee populations in much of the developing world has come to be seen by many host states in these regions as a source of insecurity. In response, host governments have enacted policies of containing refugees in isolated and insecure camps, have prevented the arrival of additional refugees and, in extreme cases, have engaged in forcible repatriation. Not surprisingly, these refugee populations are also increasingly perceived as possible sources of insecurity for Western states. Refugee camps are sometimes breeding grounds for international terrorism and rebel movements. These groups often exploit the presence of refugees to engage in activities that destabilise not only host states but also entire regions.

Sierra Leone beyond the Lome Peace Accord

Sierra Leone beyond the Lome Peace Accord

  • Author: M. Mustapha,J. Bangura
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 023011153X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 181
  • View: 6329
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Lomé Peace Accord, signed in 1999, presented significant implications, challenges, and possibilities for post-conflict Sierra Leone, but the literature on post-conflict Sierra Leone only scantily addresses these issues. This project seeks to address the void in the literature on post-Lomé Sierra Leone.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

  • Author: Richard T. Schaefer
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1412926947
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 1622
  • View: 2273
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

The Making of the Modern Refugee

The Making of the Modern Refugee

  • Author: Peter Gatrell
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199674167
  • Category: History
  • Page: 312
  • View: 6150
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Offers a comprehensive history of global population displacement in the twentieth century, and provides a new analytic approach to the subject by exploring its causes, consequences, and meanings