Search Results for "ethics-and-security-aspects-of-infectious-disease-control"

Ethics and Security Aspects of Infectious Disease Control

Ethics and Security Aspects of Infectious Disease Control

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

  • Author: Michael J. Selgelid
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131714127X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 258
  • View: 1832
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The increasing emergence, re-emergence, and spread of deadly infectious diseases which pose health, economic, security and ethical challenges for states and people around the world, has given rise to an important global debate. The actual or potential burden of infectious diseases is sometimes so great that governments treat them as threats to national security. However, such treatment potentially increases the risk that emergency disease-control measures will be ineffective, counterproductive and/or unjust. Research on ethical issues associated with infectious disease is a relatively new and rapidly growing area of academic inquiry, as is research on infectious diseases within the field of security studies. This volume incorporates ethical and security perspectives, thus furthering research in both fields. Its unique focus on the intersection of ethical and security dimensions will, furthermore, generate fresh insights on how governments should respond to infectious disease challenges. Readers should include professionals and scholars working in infectious disease, epidemiology, public health, health law, health economics, public policy, bioethics, medical humanities, health and human rights, social/political philosophy, security studies, and international politics.

Biosecurity Dilemmas

Biosecurity Dilemmas

Dreaded Diseases, Ethical Responses, and the Health of Nations

  • Author: Christian Enemark
  • Publisher: Georgetown University Press
  • ISBN: 1626164053
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 8021
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Biosecurity Dilemmas examines conflicting values and interests in the practice of “biosecurity,” the safeguarding of populations against infectious diseases through security policies. Biosecurity encompasses both the natural occurrence of deadly disease outbreaks and the use of biological weapons. Christian Enemark focuses on six dreaded diseases that governments and international organizations give high priority for research, regulation, surveillance, and rapid response: pandemic influenza, drug-resistant tuberculosis, smallpox, Ebola, plague, and anthrax. The book is organized around four ethical dilemmas that arise when fear causes these diseases to be framed in terms of national or international security: protect or proliferate, secure or stifle, remedy or overkill, and attention or neglect. For instance, will prioritizing research into defending against a rare event such as a bioterrorist attack divert funds away from research into commonly occurring diseases? Or will securitizing a particular disease actually stifle research progress owing to security classification measures? Enemark provides a comprehensive analysis of the ethics of securitizing disease and explores ideas and policy recommendations about biological arms control, global health security, and public health ethics.

Routledge Handbook of Global Health Security

Routledge Handbook of Global Health Security

  • Author: Simon Rushton,Jeremy Youde
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136155570
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 362
  • View: 5634
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This new Handbook presents an overview of cutting-edge research in the growing field of global health security. Over the past decade, the study of global health and its interconnection with security has become a prominent and rapidly growing field of research. Ongoing debates question whether health and security should be linked; which (if any) health issues should be treated as security threats; what should be done to address health security threats; and the positive and negative consequences of ‘securitizing’ health. In academic and policy terms, the health security field is a timely and dynamic one and this handbook will be the first work comprehensively to address this agenda. Bringing together the leading experts and commentators on health security issues from across the world, the volume comprises original and cutting-edge essays addressing the key issues in the field and also highlighting currently neglected avenues for future research. The book intends to provide an accessible yet sophisticated introduction to the key topics and debates and is organised into four key parts: Health Securities: the fundamental conceptual issues, historical links between health and security and the various ways of conceptualising health as a security issue Threats: those health issues which have been most frequently discussed in security terms Responses: the wide range of contemporary security-driven responses to health threats Controversies: the securitization of health, its impact on rights and justice and the potential distortion of the global health agenda This book will be of great interest to students of global health security, public health, critical security studies, and International Relations in general.

Ethical Security Studies

Ethical Security Studies

A New Research Agenda

  • Author: Jonna Nyman,Anthony Burke
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317431812
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 250
  • View: 6279
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At a time of grave ethical failure in global security affairs, this is the first book to bring together emerging theoretical debates on ethics and ethical reasoning within security studies. In this volume, working from a diverse range of perspectives—poststructuralism, liberalism, feminism, just war, securitization, and critical theory—leading scholars in the field of security studies consider the potential for ethical visions of security, and lay the ground for a new field: "ethical security studies". These ethical ‘visions’ of security engage directly with the meaning and value of security and security practice, and consider four key questions: • Who, or what, should be secured? • What are the fundamental grounds and commitments of different security ethics? • Who or what are the most legitimate agents, providers or speakers of security? • What do ethical security practices look like? What ethical principles, arguments, or procedures, will generate and guide ethical security practices? Informed by a rich understanding of the intellectual and historical experience of security, the contributors advance innovative methodological, analytical, political and ethical arguments that represent the cutting edge of the field. This book opens a new phase of collaboration and growth that promises to have great benefits for the more humane, effective and ethical practice of security politics. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, ethics, philosophy, and international relations.

Experimentalsysteme und epistemische Dinge

Experimentalsysteme und epistemische Dinge

eine Geschichte der Proteinsynthese im Reagenzglas

  • Author: Hans-Jörg Rheinberger
  • Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783892444541
  • Category: Molecular biology
  • Page: 344
  • View: 9147
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Struma

Struma

  • Author: Johannes Köbberling,Caroline R. Pickardt
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3642883133
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 211
  • View: 4145
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Die Kunst des Heilens

Die Kunst des Heilens

eine medizinische Geschichte der Menschheit von der Antike bis heute

  • Author: Roy Porter
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783827414540
  • Category: Medicine
  • Page: 818
  • View: 7929
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Zwischen Leben und Tod Ein faszinierender Aoeberblick A1/4ber fA1/4nf Jahrtausende Medizingeschichte -- von der Steinzeit bis zum New Age, von der Magie zur Molekularbiologie, begeisternd geschrieben und begeistert aufgenommen: ”Roy Porter ist ein brillanter Triumph gelungen.Evening Standard" ”Eine erstklassige EinfA1/4hrung in die Geschichte der Medizin.The Times" ”Roy Porters Mammut-Medizingeschichte ist eine auAerordentliche Leistung ... lebhaft und voller faszinierender Information.Observer" ”Lehrbuch-Geschichte der Spitzenklasse.Nature" ”Eine immens unterhaltsame Erkundung von Medizin und Geschichte. Von den JAgern und Sammlern bis zur Herztransplantation wird ein Geflecht von Ideen und Ereignissen gewoben, das nahtlos Medizin, Philosophie, Wissenschaft und Geschichte integriert. Ein verfA1/4hrerischer Sog entsteht ... Die Prosa flieAt mA1/4helos, das Material ist wohlorganisiert und in den Anekdoten faszinierend ... Eine groAartige LektA1/4re.British Journal of General Practice" ”Im Zentrum des nun deutsch vorliegenden Werkes stehen das Denken, Wissen und Handeln der A"rzte oder im weiteren Sinne Heiler; durchgAngig wird die Aufmerksamkeit auf den Kranken und die soziale Welt gelenkt, wird die Geschichte der Krankheit mit der Geschichte des Kranken verbunden ... Fachliches Wissen verbindet sich bei Porter mit einem Schreibstil, der auch den Laien zu fesseln vermag und den Fachmann A1/4berzeugt. Substanz und Humor mA1/4ssen sich, das lAsst sich hier einmal wieder eindrucksvoll nachvollziehen, keineswegs widersprechen. Abbildungen ergAnzen und vertiefen auf einleuchtende Weise den Text ... Das ebenso gehaltreiche wie stimulierende Werk von Roy Porter mAge viele Leser finden -- in der medizinhistorischen Zunft wie in der allgemeinen A-ffentlichkeit, auch unter Patienten und ihren AngehArigen.Aus dem Geleitwort von Prof. Dr. Dietrich von Engelhardt, Institut fA1/4r Medizin- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Medizinische UniversitAt zu LA1/4beck" Porters monumentales Buch verknA1/4pft in geschickter Weise zwei AnsAtze der Medizingeschichte miteinander. Zum einen stellen kurze, prAgnante Portraits jene vielfAltigen PersAnlichkeiten vor, deren Leistungen fA1/4r die stetige Entwicklung der Medizin von entscheidender Bedeutung waren. Zum anderen gelingt es dem Autor zugleich, jede Phase dieser komplexen Geschichte in ihren politischen, sozialen und demographischen Rahmen zu stellen. Dieser duale Ansatz spannt sich von den Berichten A1/4ber die medizinische Praxis im alten Griechenland, in China und in Indien A1/4ber die arabisch-islamische Periode und das Mittelalter hinweg bis zur Medizin der Gegenwart. Trotz aller FaktenfA1/4lle ist dieses gewichtige Werk aber so eloquent geschrieben, mit so viel Stil, Einsicht und Humor, dass man es kaum aus der Hand legen mag. Porter erweist den heutigen (und den zukA1/4nftigen) A"rzten wie der Fachgemeinschaft insgesamt einen groAen Dienst, indem er die aktuelle medizinische Landschaft in eine breite historische Perspektive stellt. Sein Buch ist spannendste Unterhaltung fA1/4r alle (medizin)historisch Interessierten und PflichtlektA1/4re fA1/4r all jene, die sich der schweren Aufgabe gewidmet haben, die Ziele der medizinischen TAtigkeit fA1/4r die Zukunft neu zu definieren.

... ¬Johann ¬Pringle'¬s Beobachtungen über die Krankheiten der Armee

... ¬Johann ¬Pringle'¬s Beobachtungen über die Krankheiten der Armee

  • Author: John Pringle
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 548
  • View: 3177
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Klinische Ethik

Klinische Ethik

  • Author: Christian Hick
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 354068364X
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 352
  • View: 6401
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Die Klinische Ethik ist das Einsteigerbuch für die Ethik der Medizin im Querschnittsbereich 2. Darüber hinaus zeigt es den Weg zu ethisch verantwortlichem Handeln im klinischen Alltag. Grundlagen: Patientenverfügung, Sterbehilfe und Pränataldiagnostik. Pro & Contra argumentieren: Ethische Positionen werden ausführlich besprochen und ausgewogen bewertet.- Anschaulich und praxisnah geschrieben, mit zahlreichen Fallgeschichten. Relevant für die Praxis: Rechtlicher Kontext zu jedem Thema. - Empfehlungen ärztlicher Standesvertretungen. - Ethische Konflikte in der medizinischen Ausbildung. - 10 ethische Konfliktfälle zum Üben. Ethik endlich klinisch relevant!

Ethical and Legal Considerations in Mitigating Pandemic Disease

Ethical and Legal Considerations in Mitigating Pandemic Disease

Workshop Summary

  • Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 9780309178945
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 250
  • View: 9289
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In recent public workshops and working group meetings, the Forum on Microbial Threats of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) has examined a variety of infectious disease outbreaks with pandemic potential, including those caused by influenza (IOM, 2005) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) (IOM, 2004). Particular attention has been paid to the potential pandemic threat posed by the H5N1 strain of avian influenza, which is now endemic in many Southeast Asian bird populations. Since 2003, the H5N1 subtype of avian influenza has caused 185 confirmed human deaths in 11 countries, including some cases of viral transmission from human to human (WHO, 2007). But as worrisome as these developments are, at least they are caused by known pathogens. The next pandemic could well be caused by the emergence of a microbe that is still unknown, much as happened in the 1980s with the emergence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and in 2003 with the appearance of the SARS coronavirus. Previous Forum meetings on pandemic disease have discussed the scientific and logistical challenges associated with pandemic disease recognition, identification, and response. Participants in these earlier meetings also recognized the difficulty of implementing disease control strategies effectively. Ethical and Legal Considerations in Mitigating Pandemic Disease: Workshop Summary as a factual summary of what occurred at the workshop.

Ethical Issues in Biotechnology

Ethical Issues in Biotechnology

  • Author: Richard Sherlock,John D. Morrey
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780742513778
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 643
  • View: 2753
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Visit our website for sample chapters!

Biosecurity Interventions

Biosecurity Interventions

Global Health and Security in Question

  • Author: Andrew Lakoff,Stephen J Collier
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231511779
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 312
  • View: 5566
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In recent years, new disease threats such as SARS, avian flu, mad cow disease, and drug-resistant strains of malaria and tuberculosis have garnered media attention and galvanized political response. Proposals for new approaches to "securing health" against these threats have come not only from public health and medicine but also from such fields as emergency management, national security, and global humanitarianism. This volume provides a map of this complex and rapidly transforming terrain. The editors focus on how experts, public officials, and health practitioners work to define what it means to "secure health" through concrete practices such as global humanitarian logistics, pandemic preparedness measures, vaccination campaigns, and attempts to regulate potentially dangerous new biotechnologies. As the contributions show, despite impressive activity in these areas, the field of "biosecurity interventions" remains unstable. Many basic questions are only beginning to be addressed: Who decides what counts as a biosecurity problem? Who is responsible for taking action, and how is the efficacy of a given intervention to be evaluated? It is crucial to address such questions today, when responses to new problems of health and security are still taking shape. In this context, this volume offers a form of critical and reflexive knowledge that examines how technical efforts to increase biosecurity relate to the political and ethical challenges of living with risk.

Fifty eighth annual report of the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission for the year ending 30 September 2011

Fifty eighth annual report of the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission for the year ending 30 September 2011

  • Author: Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission
  • Publisher: The Stationery Office
  • ISBN: 9780108511455
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 31
  • View: 3751
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The Marshall Aid Commemoration Act 1953 was passed by the British Parliament in order to express enduring gratitude to the American people for the Marshall Plan. This Act established a series of scholarships for young Americans to study for a degree at a British University, funded by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office and administered in Britain by the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission. This is the 58th annual report of the Commission which details the activities of the scholarship scheme for the year ending September 2011

Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Bulletin de L'Organisation Mondiale de la Santé

  • Author: World Health Organization
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Medicine
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9191
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HIV and AIDS:

HIV and AIDS:

Basic Elements and Priorities

  • Author: S. Kartikeyan,R.N. Bharmal,R.P. Tiwari,P.S. Bisen
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 140205789X
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 418
  • View: 6525
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HIV and Aids: Basic Elements and Priorities is a concise collection of all aspects of this disease and a source of readily available knowledge. It examines all currently advocated preventive measures such as health education, condom use, safer sex practices, and treatment of sexually transmitted infections. Coverage details strategies for prevention and control as well as the latest global information about HIV/AIDS.

Die Wissenschaftslüge

Die Wissenschaftslüge

Wie uns Pseudo-Wissenschaftler das Leben schwer machen

  • Author: Ben Goldacre
  • Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 3104003033
  • Category: Health & Fitness
  • Page: 432
  • View: 6597
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Der große Sachbuch-Bestseller aus Großbritannien: Endlich wird entlarvt, wie uns Pseudo-Wissenschaftler belügen, um uns Medizin- und Kosmetikprodukte zu verkaufen »Von Zahnärzten empfohlen«.»Von Dermatologen getestet«. Doch mit welchem Ergebnis? Woher wissen wir, ob uns eine medizinische Behandlung hilft? Wie können wir überprüfen, was uns alternative Heilmethoden wie zum Beispiel die Homöopathie versprechen? Und warum glauben kluge, kritische Menschen hanebüchene Dinge, nur weil »die Wissenschaft« sie angeblich bewiesen hat? Ben Goldacre entlarvt mit so viel Witz wie Wissen die zweifelhafte Wissenschaft hinter vermeintlich geprüften und bewiesenen Fakten und zeigt uns, wie wir mit eigenen Mitteln schlechte von guter Wissenschaft unterscheiden können.

Global Religions and International Relations: A Diplomatic Perspective

Global Religions and International Relations: A Diplomatic Perspective

  • Author: P. Ferrara
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 113740082X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 127
  • View: 2122
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With a religious re-emergence in international relations, this book provides an introduction to the role religions play within the global political arena. Culled from theoretical, practical, and real-world experiences, Ferrara explains the role religion now plays in global affairs on diplomatic and political levels.

Ich und du

Ich und du

  • Author: Martin Buber
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783150093429
  • Category: God
  • Page: 142
  • View: 2067
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Bubers programmatische Grundschrift 'Ich und Du' erschien erstmals 1923. In suggestiver Einfachheit bringt der Titel Bubers Erkenntnis nahe - Im Anfang ist die Beziehung, und die Beziehung ist Gegenseitigkeit. Was geschieht, geschieht zwischen 'Ich und Du'.

Global Health and International Community

Global Health and International Community

Ethical, Political and Regulatory Challenges

  • Author: John Coggon,Swati Gola
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1780935595
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 9751
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Global health arguably represents the most pressing issues facing humanity. Trends in international migration and transnational commerce render state boundaries increasingly porous. Human activity in one part of the world can lead to health impacts elsewhere. Animals, viruses and bacteria as well as pandemics and environmental disasters do not recognize or respect political borders. It is now widely accepted that a global perspective on the understanding of threats to health and how to respond to them is required, but there are many practical problems in establishing such an approach. This book offers a foundational study of these urgent and challenging problems, combining critical analysis with practically focused policy contributions. The contributors span the fields of ethics, human rights, international relations, law, philosophy and global politics. They address normative questions relating to justice, equity and inequality and practical questions regarding multi-organizational cooperation, global governance and international relations. Moving from the theoretical to the practical, Global Health and International Community is an essential resource for scholars, students, activists and policy makers across the globe.