Search Results for "ethics-and-self-cultivation"

Ethics and Self-Cultivation

Ethics and Self-Cultivation

Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

  • Author: Matthew Dennis,Sander Werkhoven
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351591533
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 234
  • View: 8711
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The aim of?Ethics and Self-Cultivation?is to establish and explore a new ‘cultivation of the self’ strand within contemporary moral philosophy. Although the revival of virtue ethics has helped reintroduce the eudaimonic tradition into mainstream philosophical debates, it has by and large been a revival of Aristotelian ethics combined with a modern preoccupation with standards for the moral rightness of actions. The essays comprising this volume offer a fresh approach to the eudaimonic tradition: instead of conditions for rightness of actions, it focuses on conceptions of human life that are best for the one living it. The first section of essays looks at the Hellenistic schools and the way they influenced modern thinkers like Spinoza, Kant, Nietzsche, Hadot, and Foucault in their thinking about self-cultivation. The second section offers contemporary perspectives on ethical self-cultivation by drawing on work in moral psychology, epistemology of self-knowledge, philosophy of mind, and meta-ethics.

The Japanese Arts and Self-Cultivation

The Japanese Arts and Self-Cultivation

  • Author: Robert Edgar Carter
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 9780791472545
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 185
  • View: 2507
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Explores how spiritual values are learned and mind and body developed through the practice of the Japanese arts.

Confucian Moral Self Cultivation

Confucian Moral Self Cultivation

  • Author: P. J. Ivanhoe
  • Publisher: Hackett Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780872205086
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 125
  • View: 3458
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A concise and accessible introduction to the evolution of the concept of moral self-cultivation in the Chinese Confucian tradition, this volume begins with an explanation of the pre-philosophical development of ideas central to this concept, followed by an examination of the specific treatment of self cultivation in the philosophy of Kongzi ("Confucius"), Mengzi ("Mencius"), Xunzi, Zhu Xi, Wang Yangming, Yan Yuan and Dai Zhen. In addition to providing a survey of the views of some of the most influential Confucian thinkers on an issue of fundamental importance to the tradition, Ivanhoe also relates their concern with moral self-cultivation to a number of topics in the Western ethical tradition. Bibliography and index are included.

Readings in Han Chinese Thought

Readings in Han Chinese Thought

  • Author: Mark Csikszentmihalyi
  • Publisher: Hackett Publishing
  • ISBN: 1603843485
  • Category:
  • Page: 256
  • View: 1630
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The first comprehensive English-language collection of the writings of this pivotal period in Chinese intellectual history, this volume provides translations of key works, arranged chronologically within topics, and accompanied by substantive headnotes, a glossary, and a bibliography.

Moral Cultivation

Moral Cultivation

Essays on the Development of Character and Virtue

  • Author: Wilburn
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 0739146688
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 159
  • View: 5405
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Given that morality involves being a good person, an important issue for moral thinkers is moral cultivation, or our projects aimed at becoming better people. In explaining this issue, the authors collected in this book bring to bear various traditions of moral thought to address questions about what constitutes moral cultivation and what resources and methods we have at our disposal for engaging in these projects.

On Ethics and History

On Ethics and History

Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

  • Author: Philip J. Ivanhoe
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780804772884
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 208
  • View: 7905
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Zhang Xuecheng (1738–1801) has primarily been read as a philosopher of history. This volume presents him as an ethical philosopher with a distinctive understanding of the aims and methods of Confucian self-cultivation. Offered in English translation for the first time, this collection of Zhang's essays and letters should challenge our current understanding of this Qing dynasty philosopher. On Ethics and History also contains translations of three important essays written by Tang-dynasty Confucian Han Yu and shows how Zhang responded to Han's earlier works. Those with an interest in ethical philosophy, religion, and Chinese thought and culture will find still relevant much of what Zhang argued for in his own day.

Humanity and Self-cultivation

Humanity and Self-cultivation

Essays in Confucian Thought

  • Author: Weiming Tu
  • Publisher: Cheng & Tsui
  • ISBN: 9780887273179
  • Category: Foreign Language Study
  • Page: 364
  • View: 4615
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This first paperback edition of a renowned collection of essays by noted scholar of Chinese history and philosophy Tu Wei-ming includes a new introductory essay by Robert Cummings Neville, Dean of

Ethics in the Confucian Tradition

Ethics in the Confucian Tradition

The Thought of Mengzi and Wang Yangming

  • Author: P. J. Ivanhoe
  • Publisher: Hackett Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780872205970
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 243
  • View: 2780
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This volume serves both as an introduction to the thought of Mengzi (Mencius) and Wang Yangming and as a comparison of their views. By examining issues held in common by both thinkers, Ivanhoe illustrates how the Confucian tradition was both continued and transformed by Wang Yangming, and shows the extent to which he was influenced by Buddhism. Topics explored are: the nature of morality; human nature; the nature and origin of wickedness; self cultivation; and sagehood. In addition to revised versions of each of these original chapters, Ivanhoe includes a new chapter on Kongzi's (Confucius') view of the Way.

Understanding Asian Philosophy

Understanding Asian Philosophy

Ethics in the Analects, Zhuangzi, Dhammapada and the Bhagavad Gita

  • Author: Alexus McLeod
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1780935730
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 208
  • View: 749
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A new introductory approach to Asian philosophy's four main traditions using the central issues of morals and ethics.

The Ethics of Confucius and Aristotle

The Ethics of Confucius and Aristotle

Mirrors of Virtue

  • Author: Jiyuan Yu
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136748482
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 2000
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"The emergence of virtue ethics, which might be the most significant development in contemporary ethics, takes Aristotle's ethics as the most important paradigm. Aristotle's ethical thinking, in contrast to modern Western moral philosophy, starts with a reflection on human life as a whole instead of on some moral acts, and focuses on character and virtue instead of on principles and rules. This way of doing ethics is shared by Confucius. First, Confucius seeks to find the human dao, i.e. the way to become a good person. Second, to become a good person, one must cultivate de, that is, a dispositional character (indeed, de has been generally translated as "virtue" in English). Confucius calls this dispositional character ren. Ren has been generally translated as "benevolence" or "humanity," but is also widely referred to as "virtue," "complete virtue," or "cardinal virtue."" "It is in elaborating how one person can become a good person by cultivating ren that Confucius reflects on and discusses issues such as human nature and its fulfillment, the doctrine of the mean, the role of social customs and traditions, self-cultivation and moral education, love, family, virtue politics, moral emotion, moral reasoning, family, and so on. These are also the central themes in Aristotle's theory of virtue. To a great extent, Aristotle's ethics is taken as the model in contemporary virtue ethics precisely because these important ethical concerns have been left out or at least marginalized in dominant modern moral theories."--Jacket.

Encounter with Enlightenment

Encounter with Enlightenment

A Study of Japanese Ethics

  • Author: Robert E. Carter
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 9780791450178
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 258
  • View: 9361
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Examines the influence of Shintoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Zen Buddhism on Japanese ethics, with implications for our understanding of various social, economic, and environmental problems.

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

  • Author: Didier Fassin
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118290585
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 664
  • View: 7092
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A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Essays on Skepticism, Relativism, and Ethics in the Zhuangzi

Essays on Skepticism, Relativism, and Ethics in the Zhuangzi

The Control of Meaning in an Institutional Setting

  • Author: Paul Kjellberg,P. J. Ivanhoe
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 9780791428917
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 4356
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The Chinese philosophical text Zhuangzi was written by Zhuangzi in the fourth century BCE. With humor and relentless logic Zhuangzi attacks claims to knowledge about the world, especially evaluative knowledge of what is good and bad or right and wrong. This book is about the man and the text.

Consequences of Compassion

Consequences of Compassion

An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

  • Author: Charles Goodman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190205326
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 264
  • View: 8430
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To many Westerners, the most appealing teachings of the Buddhist tradition pertain to ethics. Many readers have drawn inspiration from Buddhism's emphasis on compassion, nonviolence, and tolerance, its concern for animals, and its models of virtue and self-cultivation. There has been, however, controversy and confusion about which Western ethical theories resemble Buddhist views and in what respects. In this book, Charles Goodman illuminates the relations between Buddhist concepts and Western ethical theories. Every version of Buddhist ethics, says Goodman, takes the welfare of sentient beings to be the only source of moral obligations. Buddhist ethics can thus be said to be based on compassion in the sense of a motivation to pursue the welfare of others. On this interpretation, the fundamental basis of the various forms of Buddhist ethics is the same as that of the welfarist members of the family of ethical theories that analytic philosophers call 'consequentialism.' Goodman uses this hypothesis to illuminate a variety of questions. He examines the three types of compassion practiced in Buddhism and argues for their implications for important issues in applied ethics, especially the justification of punishment and the question of equality.

Taking Confucian Ethics Seriously

Taking Confucian Ethics Seriously

Contemporary Theories and Applications

  • Author: Kam-por Yu
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 1438433166
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 233
  • View: 4937
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A consideration of Confucian ethics as a living ethical tradition with contemporary relevance.

Nietzsche's Therapy

Nietzsche's Therapy

Self-cultivation in the Middle Works

  • Author: Michael Ure
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 9780739119969
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 269
  • View: 8300
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Nietzsche's Therapy explores the ethics of self-cultivation that Nietzsche forged in his middle works.

Sources of Japanese Tradition

Sources of Japanese Tradition

Volume 2, 1600 to 2000

  • Author: Wm. Theodore de Bary,Carol Gluck,Donald Keene
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 023112984X
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 1448
  • View: 443
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In both the literal and metaphorical senses, it seemed as if 1970s America was running out of gas. The decade not only witnessed long lines at gas stations but a citizenry that had grown weary and disillusioned. High unemployment, runaway inflation, and the energy crisis, caused in part by U.S. dependence on Arab oil, characterized an increasingly bleak economic situation. As Edward D. Berkowitz demonstrates, the end of the postwar economic boom, Watergate, and defeat in Vietnam led to an unraveling of the national consensus. During the decade, ideas about the United States, how it should be governed, and how its economy should be managed changed dramatically. Berkowitz argues that the postwar faith in sweeping social programs and a global U.S. mission was replaced by a more skeptical attitude about government's ability to positively affect society. From Woody Allen to Watergate, from the decline of the steel industry to the rise of Bill Gates, and from Saturday Night Fever to the Sunday morning fervor of evangelical preachers, Berkowitz captures the history, tone, and spirit of the seventies. He explores the decade's major political events and movements, including the rise and fall of détente, congressional reform, changes in healthcare policies, and the hostage crisis in Iran. The seventies also gave birth to several social movements and the "rights revolution," in which women, gays and lesbians, and people with disabilities all successfully fought for greater legal and social recognition. At the same time, reaction to these social movements as well as the issue of abortion introduced a new facet into American political life-the rise of powerful, politically conservative religious organizations and activists. Berkowitz also considers important shifts in American popular culture, recounting the creative renaissance in American film as well as the birth of the Hollywood blockbuster. He discusses how television programs such as All in the Family and Charlie's Angels offered Americans both a reflection of and an escape from the problems gripping the country.

Virtue Ethics and Confucianism

Virtue Ethics and Confucianism

  • Author: Stephen Angle,Michael Slote
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134068182
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 6389
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This volume presents the fruits of an extended dialogue among American and Chinese philosophers concerning the relations between virtue ethics and the Confucian tradition. Based on recent advances in English-language scholarship on and translation of Confucian philosophy, the book demonstrates that cross-tradition stimulus, challenge, and learning are now eminently possible. Anyone interested in the role of virtue in contemporary moral philosophy, in Chinese thought, or in the future possibilities for cross-tradition philosophizing will find much to engage with in the twenty essays collected here.