Search Results for "ethics-and-self-cultivation"

Ethics and Self-Cultivation

Ethics and Self-Cultivation

Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

  • Author: Matthew Dennis,Sander Werkhoven
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351591533
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 234
  • View: 678
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The aim of?Ethics and Self-Cultivation?is to establish and explore a new ‘cultivation of the self’ strand within contemporary moral philosophy. Although the revival of virtue ethics has helped reintroduce the eudaimonic tradition into mainstream philosophical debates, it has by and large been a revival of Aristotelian ethics combined with a modern preoccupation with standards for the moral rightness of actions. The essays comprising this volume offer a fresh approach to the eudaimonic tradition: instead of conditions for rightness of actions, it focuses on conceptions of human life that are best for the one living it. The first section of essays looks at the Hellenistic schools and the way they influenced modern thinkers like Spinoza, Kant, Nietzsche, Hadot, and Foucault in their thinking about self-cultivation. The second section offers contemporary perspectives on ethical self-cultivation by drawing on work in moral psychology, epistemology of self-knowledge, philosophy of mind, and meta-ethics.

The Japanese Arts and Self-Cultivation

The Japanese Arts and Self-Cultivation

  • Author: Robert Edgar Carter
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 9780791472545
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 185
  • View: 2705
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Explores how spiritual values are learned and mind and body developed through the practice of the Japanese arts.

Confucian Moral Self Cultivation

Confucian Moral Self Cultivation

  • Author: P. J. Ivanhoe
  • Publisher: Hackett Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780872205086
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 125
  • View: 7790
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A concise and accessible introduction to the evolution of the concept of moral self-cultivation in the Chinese Confucian tradition, this volume begins with an explanation of the pre-philosophical development of ideas central to this concept, followed by an examination of the specific treatment of self cultivation in the philosophy of Kongzi ("Confucius"), Mengzi ("Mencius"), Xunzi, Zhu Xi, Wang Yangming, Yan Yuan and Dai Zhen. In addition to providing a survey of the views of some of the most influential Confucian thinkers on an issue of fundamental importance to the tradition, Ivanhoe also relates their concern with moral self-cultivation to a number of topics in the Western ethical tradition. Bibliography and index are included.

Nietzsche's Therapy

Nietzsche's Therapy

Self-cultivation in the Middle Works

  • Author: Michael Ure
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 9780739119969
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 269
  • View: 2396
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Nietzsche's Therapy explores the ethics of self-cultivation that Nietzsche forged in his middle works.

Moral Cultivation

Moral Cultivation

Essays on the Development of Character and Virtue

  • Author: Wilburn
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 0739146688
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 159
  • View: 3810
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Given that morality involves being a good person, an important issue for moral thinkers is moral cultivation, or our projects aimed at becoming better people. In explaining this issue, the authors collected in this book bring to bear various traditions of moral thought to address questions about what constitutes moral cultivation and what resources and methods we have at our disposal for engaging in these projects.

Ethics in Early China

Ethics in Early China

An Anthology

  • Author: Chris Fraser,Dan Robins,Timothy O'Leary
  • Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
  • ISBN: 9888028936
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 320
  • View: 9112
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Early Chinese ethics has attracted increasing scholarly and social attention in recent years as the virtue ethics movement in Western philosophy has sparked renewed interest in Confucianism and Daoism. At the same time, intellectuals and social commentators throughout greater China have looked to the Chinese ethical tradition for resources to evaluate the role of traditional cultural values in the contemporary world. Publications on early Chinese ethics have tended to focus inordinate and uncritical attention toward Confucianism, while relatively neglecting Daoism, Mohism, and shared features of Chinese moral psychology. This book aims to rectify this imbalance by including essays on Daoism and Confucianism, early Chinese moral psychology including widely neglected views of the Mohists and newly reconstructed accounts of the "embodied virtue" tradition, which ties ethics to physical cultivation. The volume also includes essays addressing the broader question of the value of comparative philosophy generally and of studying early Chinese ethics in particular. The book should have a wide readership among professional scholars and graduate students in Chinese philosophy, specifically Confucian ethics, Daoist ethics, and comparative ethics. Chris Fraseris associate professor of philosophy at the University of Hong Kong. Dan Robins is assistant professor of Chinese philosophy at Stockton College of New Jersey.Timothy O'Learyis associate professor of philosophy at the University of Hong Kong. Contributors include Roger Ames, Stephen Angle, Sin yee Chan, Jiwei Ci, Chris Fraser, Jane Geaney, William Haines, Chad Hansen, Manyul Im, P.J. Ivanhoe, Franklin Perkins, Lisa Raphals, Dan Robins, Henry Rosemont, Jr., David Wong, and Lee Yearley.

Personal Identity and Applied Ethics

Personal Identity and Applied Ethics

A Historical and Philosophical Introduction

  • Author: Andrea Sauchelli
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317288548
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 244
  • View: 3645
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'Soul', 'self', ‘substance’ and 'person' are just four of the terms often used to refer to the human individual. Cutting across metaphysics, ethics, and religion the nature of personal identity is a fundamental and long-standing puzzle in philosophy. Personal Identity and Applied Ethics introduces and examines different conceptions of the self, our nature, and personal identity and considers the implications of these for applied ethics. A key feature of the book is that it discusses a range of different approaches to personal identity; philosophical, religious and cross-cultural, including perspectives from non-Western traditions. Within this comparative framework, Andrea Sauchelli examines the following topics: Early views of the soul in Plato, Christianity and Descartes The Buddhist 'no-self' views and the self as a fiction Confucian ideas of our nature and the importance of self-cultivation as constitutive of the self Locke's theory of personal identity as continuity of consciousness and memory and objections by Butler and Reid as well as contemporary critics The theory of 'animalism' and arguments concerning embodied theories of personal identity Practical and narrative theories of personal identity and moral agency Personal identity and issues in applied ethics, including abortion, organ transplantation, and the idea of life after death Implications of life-extending technologies for personal identity. Throughout the book Sauchelli also considers the views of important recent philosophers such as Sydney Shoemaker, Bernard Williams, Derek Parfit, Marya Schechtman and Christine Korsgaard, placing these in helpful historical context. Chapter summaries, a glossary of key terms, and suggestions for further reading make this a refreshing, approachable introduction to personal identity and applied ethics. It is an ideal text for courses on personal identity that consider both western and non-western approaches and that apply theories of personal identity to ethical problems. It will also be of interest to those in related subjects such as religious studies and history of ideas.

Cultivating Moral Character and Virtue in Professional Practice

Cultivating Moral Character and Virtue in Professional Practice

  • Author: David Carr
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351725106
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 232
  • View: 6488
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Cultivating Moral Character and Virtue in Professional Practice?is a pioneering collection of essays focused on the place of character and virtue in professional practice. Professional practices usually have codes of conduct designed to ensure?good conduct;?but?while?such codes may be necessary and useful, they appear?far from sufficient,?since many?recent public scandals in professional life seem to have been attributable to failures of personal moral character. This book argues that there is a pressing need to devote more attention in professional education to the cultivation or development of such moral qualities as integrity, courage, self-control, service and selflessness. Featuring contributions from distinguished leaders in the application of virtue ethics to professional practice,?such as?Sarah Banks, Ann Gallagher, Geoffrey Moore, Justin Oakley and Nancy Sherman, the volume looks beyond traditional professions to explore the ethical dimensions of a broad range of important professional practices. Inspired by a successful international and interdisciplinary conference on the topic, the book examines various ways of promoting moral character and virtue in professional life from the general ethical perspective of contemporary neo-Aristotelian virtue theory. The professional concerns of this work are of global significance and the book?will be?valuable?reading?for all?working in?contemporary?professional?practices.?It?will?be of particular interest to academics, practitioners and postgraduate students in the fields of education, medicine, nursing, social work, business and commerce and military service.

Confucian Ethics

Confucian Ethics

A Comparative Study of Self, Autonomy, and Community

  • Author: Kwong-Loi Shun,David B. Wong
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521796576
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 228
  • View: 9419
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A comparative study of the Confucian and Western view of the self.

Ethics in the Confucian Tradition

Ethics in the Confucian Tradition

The Thought of Mengzi and Wang Yangming

  • Author: P. J. Ivanhoe
  • Publisher: Hackett Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780872205970
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 243
  • View: 6745
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This volume serves both as an introduction to the thought of Mengzi (Mencius) and Wang Yangming and as a comparison of their views. By examining issues held in common by both thinkers, Ivanhoe illustrates how the Confucian tradition was both continued and transformed by Wang Yangming, and shows the extent to which he was influenced by Buddhism. Topics explored are: the nature of morality; human nature; the nature and origin of wickedness; self cultivation; and sagehood. In addition to revised versions of each of these original chapters, Ivanhoe includes a new chapter on Kongzi's (Confucius') view of the Way.

Technology and the Virtues

Technology and the Virtues

A Philosophical Guide to a Future Worth Wanting

  • Author: Shannon Vallor
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190498528
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 368
  • View: 867
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The 21st century offers a dizzying array of new technological developments: robots smart enough to take white collar jobs, social media tools that manage our most important relationships, ordinary objects that track, record, analyze and share every detail of our daily lives, and biomedical techniques with the potential to transform and enhance human minds and bodies to an unprecedented degree. Emerging technologies are reshaping our habits, practices, institutions, cultures and environments in increasingly rapid, complex and unpredictable ways that create profound risks and opportunities for human flourishing on a global scale. How can our future be protected in such challenging and uncertain conditions? How can we possibly improve the chances that the human family will not only live, but live well, into the 21st century and beyond? This book locates a key to that future in the distant past: specifically, in the philosophical traditions of virtue ethics developed by classical thinkers from Aristotle and Confucius to the Buddha. Each developed a way of seeking the good life that equips human beings with the moral and intellectual character to flourish even in the most unpredictable, complex and unstable situations--precisely where we find ourselves today. Through an examination of the many risks and opportunities presented by rapidly changing technosocial conditions, Vallor makes the case that if we are to have any real hope of securing a future worth wanting, then we will need more than just better technologies. We will also need better humans. Technology and the Virtues develops a practical framework for seeking that goal by means of the deliberate cultivation of technomoral virtues: specific skills and strengths of character, adapted to the unique challenges of 21st century life, that offer the human family our best chance of learning to live wisely and well with emerging technologies.

On Ethics and History

On Ethics and History

Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

  • Author: Philip J. Ivanhoe
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780804772884
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 208
  • View: 3057
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Zhang Xuecheng (1738–1801) has primarily been read as a philosopher of history. This volume presents him as an ethical philosopher with a distinctive understanding of the aims and methods of Confucian self-cultivation. Offered in English translation for the first time, this collection of Zhang's essays and letters should challenge our current understanding of this Qing dynasty philosopher. On Ethics and History also contains translations of three important essays written by Tang-dynasty Confucian Han Yu and shows how Zhang responded to Han's earlier works. Those with an interest in ethical philosophy, religion, and Chinese thought and culture will find still relevant much of what Zhang argued for in his own day.

Determined by Reasons

Determined by Reasons

A Competence Account of Acting for a Normative Reason

  • Author: Susanne Mantel
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351186337
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 190
  • View: 3499
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This book offers a new account of what it is to act for a normative reason. The first part of the book introduces some popular ideas and problems concerning causal and dispositional approaches of acting for reasons. The author argues that the dispositional approach should take a certain form that unites epistemic, volitional, and executional dispositions in a complex normative competence. This "Normative Competence Account" allows for more and less reflective ways of acting for normative reasons. The second part of the book clarifies the relation between the normative reason that an agent acts for and his or her motivating reasons. The chapters in this part refute the widely held "identity view" that acting for a normative reason requires the normative reason to be identical with a motivating reason. The author describes how normative reasons are related to motivating reasons by a relation of correspondence, and proposes a new understanding of how normative reasons explain those actions that are performed for them. Determined by Reasons engages with current debates from a wide range of different philosophical areas, including action theory, metaethics, moral psychology, epistemology, and ontology, to develop a new account of normative reasons.

Cultivating Virtue

Cultivating Virtue

Perspectives from Philosophy, Theology, and Psychology

  • Author: Nancy E. Snow
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199967423
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 349
  • View: 9184
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Despite the rising interest in virtue, little attention has been paid to the question of how virtue is developed. This volume addresses this gap in the literature. Each contribution focuses on some aspect of virtue acquisition, either by examining the science that explains virtue development, by highlighting virtue cultivation within distinctive traditions of thought, or by taking developmental perspectives that yield fresh insights into criticisms of virtue ethics.

Cultivating Personhood: Kant and Asian Philosophy

Cultivating Personhood: Kant and Asian Philosophy

  • Author: Stephen R. Palmquist
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110226243
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 862
  • View: 3342
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Authors from all over the world unite in an effort to cultivate dialogue between Asian and Western philosophy. The papers forge a new, East-West comparative path on the whole range of issues in Kant studies. The concept of personhood, crucial for both traditions, serves as a springboard to address issues such as knowledge acquisition and education, ethics and self-identity, religious/political community building, and cross-cultural understanding. Edited by Stephen Palmquist, founder of the Hong Kong Philosophy Café and well known for both his Kant expertise and his devotion to fostering philosophical dialogue, the book presents selected and reworked papers from the first ever Kant Congress in Hong Kong, held in May 2009. Among others the contributors are Patricia Kitcher (New York City, USA), Günther Wohlfahrt (Wuppertal, Germany), Cheng Chung-ying (Hawaii, USA), Sammy Xie Xia-ling (Shanghai, China), Lau Chong-fuk (Hong Kong), Anita Ho (Vancouver/Kelowna, Canada), Ellen Zhang (Hong Kong), Pong Wen-berng (Taipei, Taiwan), Simon Xie Shengjian (Melbourne, Australia), Makoto Suzuki (Aichi, Japan), Kiyoshi Himi (Mie, Japan), Park Chan-Goo (Seoul, South Korea), Chong Chaeh-yun (Seoul, South Korea), Mohammad Raayat Jahromi (Tehran, Iran), Mohsen Abhari Javadi (Qom, Iran), Soraj Hongladarom (Bangkok, Thailand), Ruchira Majumdar (Kolkata, India), A.T. Nuyen (Singapore), Stephen Palmquist (Hong Kong), Christian Wenzel (Taipei, Taiwan), Mario Wenning (Macau).

Kant and the Reorientation of Aesthetics

Kant and the Reorientation of Aesthetics

  • Author: Joseph J. Tinguely
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 135162279X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 234
  • View: 2736
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This book argues that the philosophical significance of Kant’s aesthetics lies not in its explicit account of beauty but in its implicit account of intentionality. Kant’s account is distinct in that feeling, affect, or mood must be operative within the way the mind receives the world. Moreover, these modes of receptivity fall within the normative domain so that we can hold each other responsible for how we are "struck" by an object or scene. Joseph Tinguely composes a series of investigations into the philosophically rich but regrettably neglected topics at the intersection of Kant’s aesthetics and epistemology, such as how we orient ourselves in the world, whether tonality is a property of the subject or object, and what we hope to accomplish when we quarrel about taste. Taken together, these investigations offer a robust and defensible picture of mind, which not only resolves tensions in a Kantian account of intentionality but also offers a timely intervention into contemporary debates about the "aesthetic" nature of the way the mind is in touch with the world. Kant and the Reorientation of Aesthetics will appeal to scholars and students of Kant, as well as those working at the intersection of aesthetics and philosophy of mind.

Taking Confucian Ethics Seriously

Taking Confucian Ethics Seriously

Contemporary Theories and Applications

  • Author: Kam-por Yu
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 1438433166
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 233
  • View: 1111
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A consideration of Confucian ethics as a living ethical tradition with contemporary relevance.

The Body, Self-Cultivation, and Ki-Energy

The Body, Self-Cultivation, and Ki-Energy

  • Author: Yasuo Yuasa
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 9780791416235
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 229
  • View: 6215
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This book is an inquiry into ki-energy, its role within Eastern mind-body theory, and its implications for our contemporary Western understanding of the body. Yuasa examines the concept of ki-energy as it has been used in such areas as acupuncture, Buddhist and Taoist meditation, and the martial arts. To explain the achievement of mind-body oneness in these traditions he offers an innovative schematization of the lived body. His approach is interdisciplinary and cross-cultural, offering insights into Western philosophy, religion, medical science, depth psychology, parapsychology, theater, and physical education. To substantiate the relationship that ki-energy forms between the human body and its environment, Yuasa introduces contemporary scientific research on ki-energy in China and Japan, as well as evidence from acupuncture medicine and from the experience of meditators and martial arts practitioners. This evidence requires not only a rethinking of the living human body and of the mind-body and mind-matter relation, but also calls into question the adequacy of the existing scientific paradigm. Yuasa calls for an epistemological critique of modern science and explores the issue of the relation of teleology to science.

The Good Life of Teaching

The Good Life of Teaching

An Ethics of Professional Practice

  • Author: Chris Higgins
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
  • ISBN: 9781444339307
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 320
  • View: 6433
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The Good Life of Teaching extends the recent revival of virtue ethics to professional ethics and the philosophy of teaching. It connects long-standing philosophical questions about work and human growth to questions about teacher motivation, identity, and development. Makes a significant contribution to the philosophy of teaching and also offers new insights into virtue theory and professional ethics Offers fresh and detailed readings of major figures in ethics, including Alasdair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor, and Bernard Williams and the practical philosophies of Hannah Arendt, John Dewey and Hans-Georg Gadamer Provides illustrations to assist the reader in visualizing major points, and integrates sources such as film, literature, and teaching memoirs to exemplify arguments in an engaging and accessible way Presents a compelling vision of teaching as a reflective practice showing how this requires us to prepare teachers differently