Search Results for "evolution-a-developmental-approach"

Evolution

Evolution

A Developmental Approach

  • Author: Wallace Arthur
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9781444392265
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 5671
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This book is aimed at students taking courses on evolution in universities and colleges. Its approach and its structure are very different from previously-published evolution texts. The core theme in this book is how evolution works by changing the course of embryonic and post-embryonic development. In other words, it is an evolution text that has been very much influenced by the new approach of evolutionary developmental biology, or 'evo-devo'. Key themes include the following: developmental repatterning; adaptation and coadaptation; gene co-option; developmental plasticity; the origins of evolutionary novelties and body plans; and evolutionary changes in the complexity of organisms. As can be seen from this list, the book includes information across the levels of the gene, the organism, and the population. It also includes the issue of mapping developmental changes onto evolutionary trees. The examples used to illustrate particular points range widely, including animals, plants and fossils. "I have really enjoyed reading this book. One of the strengths of the book is the almost conversational style. I found the style easy to read, but also feel that it will be invaluable in teaching. One of our tasks in university level teaching is to develop students' critical thinking skills. We need to support them in their intellectual development from a "just the facts" approach to being able to make critical judgements based on available evidence. The openness and honesty with which Arthur speaks to uncertainty in science is refreshing and will be a baseline for discussions with students." -Professor Patricia Moore, Exeter University "This book, written as an undergraduate text, is a really most impressive book. Given the burgeoning interest in the role of developmental change in evolution in recent times, this will be a very timely publication. The book is well structured and, like the author's other books, very well written. He communicates with a clear, lucid style and has the ability to explain even the more difficult concepts in an accessible manner." ---Professor Kenneth McNamara, University of Cambridge The companion site can be found at www.wiley.com/go/arthur/evolution. Here you download all figures from the book, captions, tables, and table of contents.

Linguistics and Evolution

Linguistics and Evolution

A Developmental Approach

  • Author: Julie Tetel Andresen,Julie Tetel
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107042240
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 316
  • View: 9009
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Linguistics and Evolution offers readers the first rethinking of an introductory approach to linguistics since Leonard Bloomfield's 1933 Language.

Evolutionsbiologie

Evolutionsbiologie

  • Author: Ulrich Kutschera
  • Publisher: UTB
  • ISBN: 3825286231
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 382
  • View: 9729
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In diesem rundum überarbeiteten Lehrbuch wird die Evolutionsbiologie umfassend und eindrucksvoll dargestellt - zahlreiche neue und verbesserte Abbildungen machen die großen Themenbereiche der Evolutionsbiologie in der Neuauflage noch anschaulicher. Die Themenschwerpunkte reichen von den wissenschaftstheoretischen Grundlagen, dem Neodarwinismus und die erweiterte Synthetische Theorie über evolutionäre Verhaltensforschung und Psychologie bis zum Kreationismus, Atheismus und zur evolutionären Ethik. Ideal zum Lernen, zur Prüfungsvorbereitung im Studium oder zum Nachschlagen! Durch das besondere Konzept liefert die Neuauflage nicht nur angehenden Biologen aller Studienrichtungen, sondern auch Medizinern, Psychologen und Theologen grundlegendes Basis- und Spezialwissen auf dem aktuellsten Stand der Wissenschaft.

Das Selbst und die Objektbeziehungen

Das Selbst und die Objektbeziehungen

Theorie und Behandlung von Persönlichkeitsstörungen

  • Author: James F. Masterson
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783608910469
  • Category:
  • Page: 306
  • View: 5776
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Der Ausdruck der Gemüthsbewegungen bei dem Menschen und den Thieren

Der Ausdruck der Gemüthsbewegungen bei dem Menschen und den Thieren

  • Author: Charles Darwin,Julius Victor Carus
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Emotions
  • Page: 384
  • View: 6105
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Sexuality

Sexuality

A Developmental Approach to Problems

  • Author: Betty N. Gordon,Carolyn S. Schroeder
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780306450402
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 157
  • View: 9630
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The authors offer valuable information regarding normal sexual development, knowledge, and behavior in children and adolescents crucial to the assessment and treatment of sexual problems. Topics include normal sexual development, sexuality and developmental disability, gender identity disorder, and much more.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

  • Author: Yuval Noah Harari
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 364110498X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 528
  • View: 8491
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Mutation-Driven Evolution

Mutation-Driven Evolution

  • Author: Masatoshi Nei
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191637823
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 3499
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The purpose of this book is to present a new mechanistic theory of mutation-driven evolution based on recent advances in genomics and evolutionary developmental biology. The theory asserts, perhaps somewhat controversially, that the driving force behind evolution is mutation, with natural selection being of only secondary importance. The word 'mutation' is used to describe any kind of change in DNA such as nucleotide substitution, gene duplication/deletion, chromosomal change, and genome duplication. A brief history of the principal evolutionary theories (Darwinism, mutationism, neo-Darwinism, and neo-mutationism) that preceded the theory of mutation-driven evolution is also presented in the context of the last 150 years of research. However, the core of the book is concerned with recent studies of genomics and the molecular basis of phenotypic evolution, and their relevance to mutation-driven evolution. In contrast to neo-Darwinism, mutation-driven evolution is capable of explaining real examples of evolution such as the evolution of olfactory receptors, sex-determination in animals, and the general scheme of hybrid sterility. In this sense the theory proposed is more realistic than its predecessors, and gives a more logical explanation of various evolutionary events. Mutation-Driven Evolution is suitable for graduate level students as well as professional researchers (both empiricists and theoreticians) in the fields of molecular evolution and population genetics. It assumes that the readers are acquainted with basic knowledge of genetics and molecular biology.

Ecology of Lianas

Ecology of Lianas

  • Author: Stefan Schnitzer,Frans Bongers,Robyn J. Burnham,Francis E. Putz
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118392485
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 504
  • View: 2495
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Lianas are woody vines that were the focus of intense study by early ecologists, such as Darwin, who devoted an entire book to the natural history of climbing plants. Over the past quarter century, there has been a resurgence in the study of lianas, and liana are again recognized as important components of many forests, particularly in the tropics. The increasing amount of research on lianas has resulted in a fundamentally deeper understanding of liana ecology, evolution, and life-history, as well as the myriad roles lianas play in forest dynamics and functioning. This book provides insight into the ecology and evolution of lianas, their anatomy, physiology, and natural history, their global abundance and distribution, and their wide-ranging effects on the myriad organisms that inhabit tropical and temperate forests.

Pflanzenökologie

Pflanzenökologie

  • Author: Ernst-Detlef Schulze,Erwin Beck,Klaus Müller-Hohenstein
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9783827409874
  • Category:
  • Page: 846
  • View: 4734
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Das Lehrbuch behandelt die PflanzenAkologie in folgenden Teilgebieten: Molekulare A-kophysiologie (Stressphysiologie) AutAkologie (WArme-, Wasser-, Kohlenstoff- und NAhrelementhaushalt der Gesamtpflanze) A-kosystemkunde (A-kosystemtheorie und die Pflanze als Teil von A-kosystemen) SynAkologie (Populationsbiologie der Pflanzen und VegetationsAkologie) Globale Aspekte der PflanzenAkologie (StoffkreislAufe, internationale Abkommen und sozioAkonomische Wechselwirkungen) Die A-kophysiologie untersucht Pflanzen am natA1/4rlichen Standort, bei denen mehr oder weniger starker Stress auf den Organismus einwirkt. In der molekularen A-kophysiologie wird der Einfluss von abiotischem und biotischem Stress zell- und molekularbiologisch bis hin zu den Genen verfolgt. SchAden und Anpassungen werden in der molekularen Dimension betrachtet. Hier beginnt das VerstAndnis fA1/4r die Vielfalt, mit der Pflanzen auf die Lebensbedingungen auf der Erde reagieren. In der AutAkologie kommen auf der Ebene der Einzelpflanze Struktur und Architektur als MAglichkeiten der Anpassung hinzu, auf der Ebene der A-kosysteme gewinnt auch die biologische und abiotische Umgebung zusAtzlichen Einfluss. Dies leitet A1/4ber zur Populationsbiologie und VegetationsAkologie, die die rAumliche Verteilung von Arten, die zeitliche Dynamik der AktivitAt und die biologischen Interaktionen berA1/4cksichtigen. Damit erreicht die PflanzenAkologie die Ebene der globalen StoffkreislAufe, die vor allem in Hinblick auf die anthropogenen Eingriffe in die Natur und die sich abzeichnende Bewirtschaftung des Kohlenstoffkreislaufs dargestellt werden. Das Buch behandelt nicht nur natA1/4rliche Vegetationen, sondern auch Akologische Aspekte der Land- und Forstwirtschaft. Das Lehrbuch der PflanzenAkologie richtet sich vor allem an Biologiestudenten sowie Wissenschaftler der Botanik, der Geowissenschaften und der LandschaftsAkologie. Es ist auch gedacht als Grundlage fA1/4r alle, die mit Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Landnutzung und mit Eingriffen in die Landschaft zu tun haben.

Towards a Theory of Development

Towards a Theory of Development

  • Author: Alessandro Minelli,Thomas Pradeu
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191651184
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 9908
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Is it possible to explain and predict the development of living things? What is development? Articulate answers to these seemingly innocuous questions are far from straightforward. To date, no systematic, targeted effort has been made to construct a unifying theory of development. This novel work offers a unique exploration of the foundations of ontogeny by asking how the development of living things should be understood. It explores the key concepts of developmental biology, asks whether general principles of development can be discovered, and examines the role of models and theories. The two editors (one a biologist with long interest in the theoretical aspects of his discipline, the other a philosopher of science who has mainly worked on biological systems) have assembled a team of leading contributors who are representative of the scientific and philosophical community within which a diversity of thoughts are growing, and out of which a theory of development may eventually emerge. They analyse a wealth of approaches to concepts, models and theories of development, such as gene regulatory networks, accounts based on systems biology and on physics of soft matter, the different articulations of evolution and development, symbiont-induced development, as well as the widely discussed concepts of positional information and morphogenetic field, the idea of a 'programme' of development and its critiques, and the long-standing opposition between preformationist and epigenetic conceptions of development. Towards a Theory of Development is primarily aimed at students and researchers in the fields of 'evo-devo', developmental biology, theoretical biology, systems biology, biophysics, and the philosophy of science.

Exploring the Evolution of Special Education Practices: a Systems Approach

Exploring the Evolution of Special Education Practices: a Systems Approach

A Systems Approach

  • Author: Joseph Ifeanyi Monye
  • Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
  • ISBN: 1483600688
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 208
  • View: 9717
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Exploring the history of disability and special education practices from the seventeenth to the twenty-first century indicates similar ideas and similar human approaches that have developed independently over time. People who survived the eugenics movement were placed in asylums and segregated special schools. In Europe and America, the general systems theory has been applied as a logico-mathematical discipline to include students of all special needs categories in their placements and education. The systems approach to special education practices has evolved from a historical model of diagnoses and cures to the biological and ecological models, integrating technology as the driving force in implementing curriculum, instruction, and assessment.

Developmental Genetics and Plant Evolution

Developmental Genetics and Plant Evolution

  • Author: Quentin C.B. Cronk,Richard M. Bateman,Julie A. Hawkins
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781420024982
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 543
  • View: 9611
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A benchmark text, Developmental Genetics and Plant Evolution integrates the recent revolution in the molecular-developmental genetics of plants with mainstream evolutionary thought. It reflects the increasing cooperation between strongly genomics-influenced researchers, with their strong grasp of technology, and evolutionary morphogenetists and systematists who are more deeply rooted in comparative biology and patterns of plant evolution. The book discusses our increasing understanding of gene function and expression, along with modern phylogenies. It integrates morphological and molecular data to highlight specific key transitions in plant evolution that warrant additional intensive study. Furthermore, it explores increasing knowledge of the physical expression of plant development from disciplines such as anatomy and paleobotany. Rather than focus on the technical aspects of plant genomics, this book provides genuinely integrated explanations of plant evolution. The distinguished panel of contributors has succeeded in capturing a demanding subject in an accessible volume for a wide range of professional botanists and students in developmental biology, applied molecular biology, molecular evolution, morphogenesis, organismal botany, and theoretical systematics.

Between Reason and History

Between Reason and History

Habermas and the Idea of Progress

  • Author: David S. Owen
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 9780791454091
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 220
  • View: 1159
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The first book-length treatment in English of Habermas’s theory of social evolution and progress.

Social Development

Social Development

The Developmental Perspective in Social Welfare

  • Author: James Midgley
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1446265641
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 6534
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The social development approach seeks to integrate economic and social policies within a dynamic development process in order to achieve social welfare objectives. This first comprehensive textbook on the subject demonstrates that social development offers critically significant insights for the developed as well as the developing world. James Midgley describes the social development approach, traces its origins in developing countries, reviews theoretical issues in the field and analyzes different strategies in social development. By adding the developmental dimension, social development is shown to transcend the dichotomy between the residualist approach, which concentrates on targeting resources to the most needy, and the institutional approach which urges extensive state involvement in welfare.

Das egoistische Gen

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

  • Author: Richard Dawkins
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3642553915
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 489
  • View: 9857
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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

Transformations of Lamarckism

Transformations of Lamarckism

From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

  • Author: Snait Gissis,Eva Jablonka
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262015145
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 457
  • View: 8333
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A reappraisal of Lamarckism--its historical impact and contemporary significance.

Mechanisms of Morphological Evolution

Mechanisms of Morphological Evolution

A Combined Genetic, Developmental, and Ecological Approach

  • Author: Wallace Arthur
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Evolution
  • Page: 275
  • View: 8290
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Issues in the Developmental Approach to Mental Retardation

Issues in the Developmental Approach to Mental Retardation

  • Author: Burack Hodapp,Robert M. Hodapp,Jacob A. Burack,Edward Zigler
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521467575
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 352
  • View: 5601
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Issues in the Developmental Approach to Mental Retardation is one of the first books exclusively devoted to applying the theories, findings and approaches used in work with nonretarded children to several types of retarded individuals. It defines the developmental approach and explores theoretical issues as they relate to retarded populations. Problems involving similar sequences of development, cross-domain relations, the environment, and motivation are all discussed, as is the importance of separating the various etiological groups for research and intervention purposes. This book will be of interest to professionals in the fields of psychology, mental retardation and atypical development. It is also suitable for upper-level undergraduate and graduate-level courses in mental retardation, developmental psychology and developmental disabilities.

Evolution of Communication Systems

Evolution of Communication Systems

A Comparative Approach

  • Author: Katrin Schäfer,Thomas Pradeu
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262151115
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 338
  • View: 2839
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Laying foundations for an interdisciplinary approach to the study of evolution in communication systems with tools from evolutionary biology, linguistics, animal behavior, developmental psychology, philosophy, cognitive sciences, robotics, and neural network modeling. The search for origins of communication in a wide variety of species including humans is rapidly becoming a thoroughly interdisciplinary enterprise. In this volume, scientists engaged in the fields of evolutionary biology, linguistics, animal behavior, developmental psychology, philosophy, the cognitive sciences, robotics, and neural network modeling come together to explore a comparative approach to the evolution of communication systems. The comparisons range from parrot talk to squid skin displays, from human language to Aibo the robot dog's language learning, and from monkey babbling to the newborn human infant cry. The authors explore the mysterious circumstances surrounding the emergence of human language, which they propose to be intricately connected with drastic changes in human lifestyle. While it is not yet clear what the physical environmental circumstances were that fostered social changes in the hominid line, the volume offers converging evidence and theory from several lines of research suggesting that language depended upon the restructuring of ancient human social groups. The volume also offers new theoretical treatments of both primitive communication systems and human language, providing new perspectives on how to recognize both their similarities and their differences. Explorations of new technologies in robotics, neural network modeling and pattern recognition offer many opportunities to simulate and evaluate theoretical proposals. The North American and European scientists who have contributed to this volume represent a vanguard of thinking about how humanity came to have the capacity for language and how nonhumans provide a background of remarkable capabilities that help clarify the foundations of speech.