Search Results for "exploratory-data-analysis-behavioral-science"

Exploratory Data Analysis

Exploratory Data Analysis

  • Author: John Wilder Tukey
  • Publisher: Pearson College Division
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 688
  • View: 3906
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Scratching down numbers (stem-and-leaf); Schematic summaries (pictures and numbers); Easy re-expression; Effective comparison (including well-chosen expresion); Plots of relationship; Straightening out plots (using three points); Smoothing sequences; Optional sections for chapter 7; Parallel and wandering schematic plots; Delineations of batches of points; Using two-way analyses; Making two-way analyses; Advances fits; Three-way fits; Looking in two or more ways at batches of points; Counted fractions; Better smoothing; Counts in bin after bin; Product-ratio plots; Shapes of distribution; Mathematical distributions; Postscript.

Contemporary Issues in Exploratory Data Mining in the Behavioral Sciences

Contemporary Issues in Exploratory Data Mining in the Behavioral Sciences

  • Author: John J. McArdle,Gilbert Ritschard
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135044090
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 474
  • View: 5353
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This book reviews the latest techniques in exploratory data mining (EDM) for the analysis of data in the social and behavioral sciences to help researchers assess the predictive value of different combinations of variables in large data sets. Methodological findings and conceptual models that explain reliable EDM techniques for predicting and understanding various risk mechanisms are integrated throughout. Numerous examples illustrate the use of these techniques in practice. Contributors provide insight through hands-on experiences with their own use of EDM techniques in various settings. Readers are also introduced to the most popular EDM software programs. A related website at http://mephisto.unige.ch/pub/edm-book-supplement/offers color versions of the book’s figures, a supplemental paper to chapter 3, and R commands for some chapters. The results of EDM analyses can be perilous – they are often taken as predictions with little regard for cross-validating the results. This carelessness can be catastrophic in terms of money lost or patients misdiagnosed. This book addresses these concerns and advocates for the development of checks and balances for EDM analyses. Both the promises and the perils of EDM are addressed. Editors McArdle and Ritschard taught the "Exploratory Data Mining" Advanced Training Institute of the American Psychological Association (APA). All contributors are top researchers from the US and Europe. Organized into two parts--methodology and applications, the techniques covered include decision, regression, and SEM tree models, growth mixture modeling, and time based categorical sequential analysis. Some of the applications of EDM (and the corresponding data) explored include: selection to college based on risky prior academic profiles the decline of cognitive abilities in older persons global perceptions of stress in adulthood predicting mortality from demographics and cognitive abilities risk factors during pregnancy and the impact on neonatal development Intended as a reference for researchers, methodologists, and advanced students in the social and behavioral sciences including psychology, sociology, business, econometrics, and medicine, interested in learning to apply the latest exploratory data mining techniques. Prerequisites include a basic class in statistics.

Exploratory Data Analysis

Exploratory Data Analysis

A Primer for Undergraduates

  • Author: E. Waltenburg,William Mclauchlan,S. L. Wiest
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781465200600
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 120
  • View: 2466
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eBook Version You will receive access to this electronic text via email after using the shopping cart above to complete your purchase.

Exploratory Data Analysis

Exploratory Data Analysis

A Primer for Undergraduates

  • Author: E. Waltenburg,William Mclauchlan,S. L. Wiest
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781465200600
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 120
  • View: 4796
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eBook Version You will receive access to this electronic text via email after using the shopping cart above to complete your purchase.

Experimental Design: Procedures for the Behavioral Sciences

Experimental Design: Procedures for the Behavioral Sciences

Procedures for the Behavioral Sciences

  • Author: Roger E. Kirk
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1412974453
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 1056
  • View: 8394
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Experimental Design: Procedures for Behavioral Sciences, Fourth Edition is a classic text with a reputuation for accessibility and readability. It has been revised and updated to make learning design concepts even easier. Roger E. Kirk shows how three simple experimental designs can be combined to form a variety of complex designs. He provides diagrams illustrating how subjects are assigned to treatments and treatment combinations. New terms are emphasized in boldface type, there are summaries of the advantages and disadvantages of each design, and real-life examples show how the designs are used.

A Handbook for Data Analysis in the Behavioral Sciences

A Handbook for Data Analysis in the Behavioral Sciences

  • Author: Gideon Keren
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9781138462519
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3029
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Statistical methodology is often conceived by social scientists in a technical manner; they use it for support rather than for illumination. This two-volume set attempts to provide some partial remedy to the problems that have led to this state of affairs. Both traditional issues, such as analysis of variance and the general linear model, as well as more novel methods like exploratory data analysis, are included. The editors aim to provide an updated survey on different aspects of empirical research and data analysis, facilitate the understanding of the internal logic underlying different methods, and provide novel and broader perspectives beyond what is usually covered in traditional curricula.

New Developments in Categorical Data Analysis for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

New Developments in Categorical Data Analysis for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Author: L. Andries van der Ark,Marcel A. Croon,Klaas Sijtsma
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 1135704856
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 240
  • View: 7673
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Categorical data are quantified as either nominal variables--distinguishing different groups, for example, based on socio-economic status, education, and political persuasion--or ordinal variables--distinguishing levels of interest, such as the preferred politician or the preferred type of punishment for committing burglary. This new book is a collection of up-to-date studies on modern categorical data analysis methods, emphasizing their application to relevant and interesting data sets. This volume concentrates on latent class analysis and item response theory. These methods use latent variables to explain the relationships among observed categorical variables. Latent class analysis yields the classification of a group of respondents according to their pattern of scores on the categorical variables. This provides insight into the mechanisms producing the data and allows the estimation of factor structures and regression models conditional on the latent class structure. Item response theory leads to the identification of one or more ordinal or interval scales. In psychological and educational testing these scales are used for individual measurement of abilities and personality traits. The focus of this volume is applied. After a method is explained, the potential of the method for analyzing categorical data is illustrated by means of a real data example to show how it can be used effectively for solving a real data problem. These methods are accessible to researchers not trained explicitly in applied statistics. This volume appeals to researchers and advanced students in the social and behavioral sciences, including social, developmental, organizational, clinical and health psychologists, sociologists, educational and marketing researchers, and political scientists. In addition, it is of interest to those who collect data on categorical variables and are faced with the problem of how to analyze such variables--among themselves or in relation to metric variables.

Introduction to Quantitative Data Analysis in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Introduction to Quantitative Data Analysis in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

  • Author: Michael J. Albers
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 111929018X
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 240
  • View: 6746
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Guides readers through the quantitative data analysis process including contextualizing data within a research situation, connecting data to the appropriate statistical tests, and drawing valid conclusions Introduction to Quantitative Data Analysis in the Behavioral and Social Sciences presents a clear and accessible introduction to the basics of quantitative data analysis and focuses on how to use statistical tests as a key tool for analyzing research data. The book presents the entire data analysis process as a cyclical, multiphase process and addresses the processes of exploratory analysis, decision-making for performing parametric or nonparametric analysis, and practical significance determination. In addition, the author details how data analysis is used to reveal the underlying patterns and relationships between the variables and connects those trends to the data’s contextual situation. Filling the gap in quantitative data analysis literature, this book teaches the methods and thought processes behind data analysis, rather than how to perform the study itself or how to perform individual statistical tests. With a clear and conversational style, readers are provided with a better understanding of the overall structure and methodology behind performing a data analysis as well as the needed techniques to make informed, meaningful decisions during data analysis. The book features numerous data analysis examples in order to emphasize the decision and thought processes that are best followed, and self-contained sections throughout separate the statistical data analysis from the detailed discussion of the concepts allowing readers to reference a specific section of the book for immediate solutions to problems and/or applications. Introduction to Quantitative Data Analysis in the Behavioral and Social Sciences also features coverage of the following: • The overall methodology and research mind-set for how to approach quantitative data analysis and how to use statistics tests as part of research data analysis • A comprehensive understanding of the data, its connection to a research situation, and the most appropriate statistical tests for the data • Numerous data analysis problems and worked-out examples to illustrate the decision and thought processes that reveal underlying patterns and trends • Detailed examples of the main concepts to aid readers in gaining the needed skills to perform a full analysis of research problems • A conversational tone to effectively introduce readers to the basics of how to perform data analysis as well as make meaningful decisions during data analysis Introduction to Quantitative Data Analysis in the Behavioral and Social Sciences is an ideal textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level research method courses in the behavioral and social sciences, statistics, and engineering. This book is also an appropriate reference for practitioners who require a review of quantitative research methods. Michael J. Albers, Ph.D., is Professor in the Department of English at East Carolina University. His research interests include information design with a focus on answering real-world questions, the presentation of complex information, and human–information interaction. Dr. Albers received his Ph.D. in Technical Communication and Rhetoric from Texas Tech University.

Nonparametric Statistical Methods

Nonparametric Statistical Methods

  • Author: Myles Hollander,Douglas A. Wolfe,Eric Chicken
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118553292
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 848
  • View: 8866
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Praise for the Second Edition “This book should be an essential part of the personallibrary of every practicingstatistician.”—Technometrics Thoroughly revised and updated, the new edition of NonparametricStatistical Methods includes additional modern topics andprocedures, more practical data sets, and new problems fromreal-life situations. The book continues to emphasize theimportance of nonparametric methods as a significant branch ofmodern statistics and equips readers with the conceptual andtechnical skills necessary to select and apply the appropriateprocedures for any given situation. Written by leading statisticians, Nonparametric StatisticalMethods, Third Edition provides readers with crucialnonparametric techniques in a variety of settings, emphasizing theassumptions underlying the methods. The book provides an extensivearray of examples that clearly illustrate how to use nonparametricapproaches for handling one- or two-sample location and dispersionproblems, dichotomous data, and one-way and two-way layoutproblems. In addition, the Third Edition features: The use of the freely available R software to aid incomputation and simulation, including many new R programs writtenexplicitly for this new edition New chapters that address density estimation, wavelets,smoothing, ranked set sampling, and Bayesian nonparametrics Problems that illustrate examples from agricultural science,astronomy, biology, criminology, education, engineering,environmental science, geology, home economics, medicine,oceanography, physics, psychology, sociology, and spacescience Nonparametric Statistical Methods, Third Edition is anexcellent reference for applied statisticians and practitioners whoseek a review of nonparametric methods and their relevantapplications. The book is also an ideal textbook forupper-undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in appliednonparametric statistics.

Statistik-Workshop für Programmierer

Statistik-Workshop für Programmierer

  • Author: Allen B. Downey
  • Publisher: O'Reilly Germany
  • ISBN: 3868993436
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 160
  • View: 6480
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Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.

Taxonomy and behavioral science

Taxonomy and behavioral science

comparative performance of grouping methods

  • Author: Juan E. Mezzich,Herbert Solomon
  • Publisher: Academic Pr
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 178
  • View: 7966
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Proceedings

Proceedings

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Computer-assisted instruction
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4093
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Proceedings of Conference on Computers in the Undergraduate Curricula

Proceedings of Conference on Computers in the Undergraduate Curricula

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Education, Higher
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8399
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Understanding Statistics in the Behavioral Sciences

Understanding Statistics in the Behavioral Sciences

  • Author: Roger Bakeman,Byron F. Robinson
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 113561315X
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 336
  • View: 7774
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Understanding Statistics in the Behavioral Sciences is designed to help readers understand research reports, analyze data, and familiarize themselves with the conceptual underpinnings of statistical analyses used in behavioral science literature. The authors review statistics in a way that is intended to reduce anxiety for students who feel intimidated by statistics. Conceptual underpinnings and practical applications are stressed, whereas algebraic derivations and complex formulas are reduced. New ideas are presented in the context of a few recurring examples, which allows readers to focus more on the new statistical concepts than on the details of different studies. The authors' selection and organization of topics is slightly different from the ordinary introductory textbook. It is motivated by the needs of a behavioral science student, or someone in clinical practice, rather than by formal, mathematical properties. The book begins with hypothesis testing and then considers how hypothesis testing is used in conjunction with statistical designs and tests to answer research questions. In addition, this book treats analysis of variance as another application of multiple regression. With this integrated, unified approach, students simultaneously learn about multiple regression and how to analyze data associated with basic analysis of variance and covariance designs. Students confront fewer topics but those they do encounter possess considerable more power, generality, and practical importance. This integrated approach helps to simplify topics that often cause confusion. Understanding Statistics in the Behavioral Sciences features:*Computer-based exercises, many of which rely on spreadsheets, help the reader perform statistical analyses and compare and verify the results using either SPSS or SAS. These exercises also provide an opportunity to explore definitional formulas by altering raw data or terms within a formula and immediately see the consequences thus providing a deeper understanding of the basic concepts. *Key terms and symbols are boxed when first introduced and repeated in a glossary to make them easier to find at review time. *Numerous tables and graphs, including spreadsheet printouts and figures, help students visualize the most critical concepts. This book is intended as a text for introductory behavioral science statistics. It will appeal to instructors who want a relatively brief text. The book's active approach to learning, works well both in the classroom and for individual self-study.

Applied Multiple Regression/Correlation Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences

Applied Multiple Regression/Correlation Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences

  • Author: Patricia Cohen,Stephen G. West,Leona S. Aiken
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 1135468249
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 545
  • View: 5948
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This classic text on multiple regression is noted for its nonmathematical, applied, and data-analytic approach. Readers profit from its verbal-conceptual exposition and frequent use of examples. The applied emphasis provides clear illustrations of the principles and provides worked examples of the types of applications that are possible. Researchers learn how to specify regression models that directly address their research questions. An overview of the fundamental ideas of multiple regression and a review of bivariate correlation and regression and other elementary statistical concepts provide a strong foundation for understanding the rest of the text. The third edition features an increased emphasis on graphics and the use of confidence intervals and effect size measures, and an accompanying CD with data for most of the numerical examples along with the computer code for SPSS, SAS, and SYSTAT. Applied Multiple Regression serves as both a textbook for graduate students and as a reference tool for researchers in psychology, education, health sciences, communications, business, sociology, political science, anthropology, and economics. An introductory knowledge of statistics is required. Self-standing chapters minimize the need for researchers to refer to previous chapters.

Data Analysis and Regression

Data Analysis and Regression

A Second Course in Statistics

  • Author: Frederick Mosteller
  • Publisher: Pearson College Division
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 588
  • View: 7282
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Approaching data analysis; Indication and indicators; Displays and summaries for batches; Straightening curves and plots; The practice of re-expression; Need we re-express? Hunting out the real uncertainty; A method of direct assessment; Two-and more-way tables; Robust and resistant measures; Standardizing for comparison; Regression for fitting; Woes of regression coefficients; A class of mechanisms for fitting; Guided regression; Examining regression residuals.

Introductory Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences

Introductory Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences

  • Author: Joan Welkowitz,Barry H. Cohen,Robert B. Ewen
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0471735477
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 515
  • View: 2795
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This title has been thoroughly revised and presents all the topics psychology students need in an accessible format so that the subject can be easily grasped. Introductory Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences has had a long and successful publication history; it has been in print continuously for over thirty years.

Data analysis and interpretation in the behavioral sciences

Data analysis and interpretation in the behavioral sciences

  • Author: Eugene B. Zechmeister,Emil J. Posavac
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Pub Co
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 522
  • View: 6752
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Zechmeister and Posavac's unique, progressive pedagogical framework presents students with a model of analysis and interpretation called "I-D-E-A". This cutting edge model leads students through the processes of data inspection (I), description (D), estimating (E) confidence in their results, and announcing (A) their findings. Their friendly writing style and systematic approach to statistics involves the student in the topics presented. The authors stress the important first stage of data inspection and also demonstrate how both confidence intervals and effect sizes are complementary to traditional null hypothesis testing. Throughout the book, the authors emphasize the understanding and interpretation of statistics and place less emphasis on computation, acknowledging and encouraging computer-assisted data analysis.Concrete examples at the beginning of each chapter illustrate the kinds of questions and data that will be considered in that section. Having this variety of examples increases the likelihood that a student will relate to at least one of them. Scenarios presented at the beginning of the chapter, which are referred to throughout the chapter so students can see how an example is affected by different stages of analysis and interpretation.

Deskriptive Statistik und moderne Datenanalyse

Deskriptive Statistik und moderne Datenanalyse

Eine computergestützte Einführung mit Excel, PASW (SPSS) und STATA

  • Author: Thomas Cleff
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3834970719
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 227
  • View: 8319
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Dieses Lehrbuch führt praxisorientiert in die Grundlagen, Techniken und Anwendungs-möglichkeiten der deskriptiven Statistik ein und deckt alle wichtigen Aspekte einer Lehrveranstaltung zum Thema ab. Es behandelt die Basismethoden der uni- und bivariaten Verfahren, die mit Hilfe computerbasierter Berechnungen auf betriebswirtschaftliche Beispiele angewendet werden. Studierende gewinnen die Kompetenz, deskriptive Verfahren effizient in den Computerprogrammen Excel, PASW (SPSS) und STATA anzuwenden, selbstständig Ergebnisse zu berechnen und vor allem zu interpretieren. Zugunsten eines intuitiven Ansatzes verzichtet das Buch dabei weitgehend auf mathematische Darstellungen und Herleitungen. Die vorliegende zweite Auflage wurde an die aktuellen Software-Updates angepasst und um ein neues Kapitel zur Indexrechnung ergänzt. Zahlreiche Aufgaben mit Lösungen unterstützen eine gezielte Prüfungsvorbereitung.

The Collected Works of John W. Tukey

The Collected Works of John W. Tukey

Philosophy and Principles of Data Analysis 1949-1964

  • Author: L.V. Jones
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780412742507
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 675
  • View: 5807
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